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  • 151.
    Anderson, Karen
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för arkiv- och datavetenskap.
    Archival Education2015Ingår i: Encyclopedia of Archival Science / [ed] Luciana Duranti, Patricia C. Franks, Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2015, s. 42-46Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this Encyclopedia is to present the various and evolving interpretations and perspectives on archival concepts, principles and practices.It is designed to aggregate the views of contemporary, well-established and highky regarded archival scholars and professionals and those of new and aspiring scholars and professionals into one, comprehensive work describing past achievements and leading the archival field toward the future.

  • 152.
    Anderson, Karen
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för arkiv- och datavetenskap.
    Building trust and confidence through sustainable information systems research: Towards a common future2015Ingår i: INFuture 2015: e-Institutions - Openness, Accessibility, and Preservation / [ed] Karen Anderson, Luciana Duranti, Rafal Jaworski, Hrvoje Stancic, Sanja Seljan, Vladimir Mateljan, Zagreb: Department of Information and Communication Sciences, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb , 2015, s. 9-18Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Information Systems research group at Mid Sweden University is the result of four separate groups, spread across three disciplines, artificially thrown together because we didn’t seem to fit into other developed research groups. What we were seen to have in common was ‘information’. The disciplines are: Archives and Information Science, Business Management and Organization, and Informatics.

    Shortly after this uncertain start, the University launched a demanding internal process for Assessment of Research and Coproduction (ARC13) over the previous five years. We didn’t have that much past together, so we set out to build ourselves a future, exploring our common interests as we gathered data for the evaluation. We pooled our research, hired a facilitator to help with a SWOT analysis, built trust within the group and achieved a remarkably good report from the external assessors. Participation in the multidisciplinary InterPARES Trust in Digital Records in an Increasingly Networked World Project has been an inspiring factor in the Archives and Information Science contribution to our new collaboration. Our Information Systems research group now focuses on five research challenges: Information value, quality, accessibility, sustainability and trustworthiness.  Now we are having fun exploring the possibilities, confident that our InfoSys research group has its own sustainable future.

  • 153.
    Anderson, Karen
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för arkiv- och datavetenskap.
    e-Institutions: Openness, Accessibility, and Preservation2015Proceedings (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
  • 154.
    Anderson, Karen
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för arkiv- och datavetenskap.
    Recordkeeping definitions in legislation:: a conceptual step towards smoothing business interaction in the digitally networked world?2013Ingår i: Archives: the Future: Australian Society of Archivists 2013 Conference / [ed] Shapley, Maggie, Canberra, 2013Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Legislation is important to recordkeeping strategies and requirements, since it determines which records are needed for legally legitimate actions. Yet the concepts of a document, a record, a case, a transaction, etc., are frequently defined differently in various laws even within national boundaries and are urgently in need of harmonization to minimize complications and barriers to e-business transactions.

    Every country has its own legislation system which has been adjusted over time in correlation to national context and its surrounding society (Duranti, 1989-1990, p. 5). Duranti and Goh (2012) provided sound arguments as to why it is important to ensure national archival legislation keeps pace with our digitally networked society with its increasingly blurred borders. In addition to their own national law, members of the European Union (EU) are obliged to follow EU-legislation requirements. There are three types of EU legislation: regulations, directives and decisions. A regulation is applicable in all EU countries. Directives are general rules. A decision is a stipulation of issues of concern for specifically mentioned persons or organizations (European Commission, 2013).  Recommendations and statements are not binding, but may, for example, be used by the EU as support in interpretation of EU-legislation (Sveriges Riksdag, 2013). Hence, within public organizations, there is a close relation between records, recordkeeping processes, legislation and accountability.  Yet research in Sweden has shown that 24/7 e-service web-interfaces serving e-government strategies and ambitions are sometimes developed without consulting recordkeeping professionals, in ignorance of legal requirements for capture of records and that preservation issues are rarely considered when acquiring new digital systems (Kallberg, Svärd and Sundberg, 2010). Several other European studies also identify a lack of recordkeeping awareness within public organizations (Barata, 2004; Valtonen, 2007; Shepherd, Stevenson, & Flinn, 2009; Riksarkivet, 2010). However, there is currently a strong European political ambition to implement eGovernment services, which aims to promote cross-border business development. On the other hand, this challenges archival thinking to meet business, technological and legal requirements stipulated for each country. Varying legal definitions used can cause major problems for transactions both within a country and across national borders, even in something as seemingly simple as exchanging e-invoices. This paper will discuss an approach to identifying a way forward for harmonizing legislation that contains recordkeeping requirements across the EU.

    • Identifying the range of / types of laws within countries and EU that define a record
    • Using the ICA multilingual terminology database, to check and add to definitions already found there
    • Checking against definitions found in international standards.

    Research towards harmonizing these crucial definitions will be very challenging, given linguistic and cultural differences but the ICA multilingual terminology database is a potential vehicle for checking existing usage, adding to the definitions and quotations from legalislation and the literature already found there and adding new terms. The foundation version of the ICA-funded Terminology Database, developed as an ICA Section for Archival Educators’ project led and hosted by the University of British Columbia, contains definitions with examples of usage for an initial 300 archival terms across 16 languages. It is planned for public release in the first half of 2013.

    References

    Barata, K. (2004). Archives in the Digital Age. Journal of the Society of Archivists, 25(1), 63-70.

    Duranti, L. (1989-1990). Diplomatics: New Uses for an Old Science (Part II). Archivaria, 29, 4-17.

    European Commission (2013). Legislation Retrieved 5 February, 2013, from http://ec.europa.eu/legislation/index_en.htm

    Goh, E., Duranti, L. and Chu, S. (2012). Archival legislation for engendering trust in an increasingly networked digital environment. Paper presented at A climate of change: International Council on Archives Congress, Brisbane, 20-24 August, 2012. Retrieved 3 March 2013 from: http://www.ica2012.com/files/data/Full%20papers%20upload/ica12Final00287.pdf

    Kallberg, M. , Svärd, P. & Sundberg, H. (2010). Improving Local Government - A Survey of Problems.  Proceedings of the IADIS International Conference e-Society 2010. pp. 76-84.

    Riksarkivet (2010). Rapport rörande enkätundersökning - myndigheters hantering av elektroniska handlingar. Stockholm: Riksarkivet.

    Shepherd, E., Stevenson, A., & Flinn, A. (2009). The Impact of Freedom of Information on Records Management and Record Use in Local Government: A Literature Review. Journal of the Society of Archivists, 30(2, October ), 227-248.

    Sveriges Riksdag (2013). EU-upplysningen Retrieved 6 February, 2013, from http://www.eu-upplysningen.se/Om-EU/Om-EUs-lagar-och-beslutsfattande/EU-rattsliga-principer/

    Valtonen, M. R. (2007). Documentation in pre-trial investigation, A study of using the records continuum model as a records management tool. Records Management Journal, 17(3), 179-185.

  • 155.
    Anderson, Karen
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Borglund, Erik AM
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Samuelsson, Göran
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Mature Public e-Services Without Mature Recordkeeping – An Impossibility?2010Ingår i: iRMA Information and Records Management Annual, ISSN 1836-3202, s. 71-82Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Government has established the eGovernment Delegation agency to identify and support excellence in e-government implementation strategies. This agency has commenced working with the National Archives, to ensure that archival requirements are addressed when developing new e-services. However, the prevailing view of archives is a traditional curatorial approach, which focuses on capturing the end product once actions have been completed. In the digital environment, the prevailing archival practice frameworks are not adequate to the task of capturing the full digital context and process that is essential for a complete record. Previously, when paper records were aggregated on a physical file, the full record of processes was more likely to be captured and managed for the long term.

    Results from two empirical case studies will be used to present and illustrate the risks and problems generated by an approach where the records are not identified and captured until late in the business process. In this paper the term post hoc approach to records capture is used to describe the method whereby an attempt is made to capture records, including the necessary metadata, after they are created, without prior planning or system design. One of the Swedish eGovernment Delegation’s aims is to motivate public agencies to reach level four on Layne and Lee’s e-government maturity model, that is, full integration of interaction between agencies and citizens. However, the model does not incorporate any recordkeeping requirements in its maturity benchmarks. It is clear these kinds of e-services are so complex that late intervention by archivists will not be adequate for needed recordkeeping support and long-term preservation. So it is essential that guidance on archival preservation of integrated e-services is made available as soon as possible, particularly as current trends in government indicate that e-services will be outsourced to private providers.

    Strategies are proposed for including recordkeeping re- quirements in e-service models. Advantageously, this can be done using existing benchmarking tools such as GARP, ISO 15489, ISO 30301 and the ICA Principles and Functional Requirements for Records In Electronic Office Environments. 

  • 156.
    Anderson, Karen
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för arkiv- och datavetenskap.
    Engvall, Tove
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för arkiv- och datavetenskap.
    Klett, Elisabeth
    Open data through the archive: A new role for archivists2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of the archivist in exploiting and accessing open data as public records in an open government environment is explored.  The possible role, responsibilities and mandate of an archivist in this new public sector context are examined. Necessary knowledge, skills and competence are identified. 

    Content:

    Expectations of a more proactive release of public records and technical developments that support new ways of publishing and reusing digital information, for example as open data on the internet, create new challenges and change the way public records are managed and made accessible to citizens, which will also involve new professions in the management of records. Fundamentally this raises questions of how, in this new management environment, the trustworthiness of the records could be maintained and how the archives and records management profession could contribute to this, related to other professionals involved in these processes.

    In Sweden there is a long tradition of openness and citizens´ right to access public records. But with the implementation of e-government follows a new perception of what openness means and “open government” is a concept that seems to go further and be more proactive. A part of this study will be to analyze and define what is meant by ‘open government’ and ‘open data’ as they are used in Sweden, i.e. how ‘open data’ differs from ‘public records’ for example. In Sweden there is no formal records manager profession, but the archivist often does the corresponding work. That is why this project also includes the archivists´ role in the open government environment.

    This study will reflect upon the archivists´ role in this process and what is needed to ensure a trusted proactive release of public records. To identify what skills, guidelines, knowledge and mandate are needed. The study will focus on StockholmCity’s work on open data, which is an important part of the open government agenda, through the perspective of Stockholm City Archives.

    Scientific contribution:

    Case study methods are used to examine the role of the archivist in the domain of access to public records in an open government and open data environment. The study examines what role an archivist in the public sector currently has, and what knowledge, skills and competence are needed for these new challenges.

    Interpretation of existing work and the perception of the situation by practicing archivists in this changing environment provide valuable data. The case study is based on the City of Stockholm because it is quite progressive in its work on open data. It is now running an open data project, in which the Stockholm City Archive plays an active role. The role of the archivist in practice, experiences and possible needs and missing factors will be explored. Data will be collected by interviews and text analysis. Needed strategies and guidelines will be identified.

  • 157.
    Anderson, Karen
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Samuelsson, Göran
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Morner Jansson, Marie
    Benchmarking Information Management Practice and Competence in Swedish Organizations2011Ingår i: Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Information Management and Evaluation: University of Insubria, Como, Italy. 8-9 September 2011 / [ed] Walter Castelnovo and Elena Ferrari, Reading, UK: Academic Conferences Limited, 2011, s. 28-36Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    As organizations transform towards e-service provision and operations sophisticated, organization-wide approaches to information management are required. However, there is reason to believe that few organizations have developed a fully holistic approach to thinking about developing and managing their information assets to ensure their current and future accessibility and usability. There is an increasing awareness of the need to design systems that ensure information is accessible and re-usable, yet vital information often becomes increasingly inaccessible over time, to the disadvantage of business intelligence, business needs, customer service and regulatory requirements. An extensive survey of the state of the art of information management within Swedish organizations was undertaken to gain an understanding of current approaches, what competence is currently available within organizations and what competencies are perceived to be lacking or need development to ensure sustainable management of information as a business asset. This paper presents insights into how well or poorly records managers’ and archivists’ expertise is incorporated into whole- of-organization strategic planning for information management. It was rare to find collaboration between enterprise information architects and IT professionals with the recordkeeping professionals, who have expertise in structuring information and metadata as well as system requirements that contribute to ensuring long-term preservation, which would potentially minimize the proliferation of legacy systems from which records and information are very costly or impossible to migrate or extract. Many archivists considered that it is not their role to participate in wider information management strategies, preferring to focus on the capture of records into an ’e-archive’ without recognizing that information in the archive is a potentially re-usable business asset. This initial research contributes to an understanding of information cultures within organizations. It is intended to be used as a benchmark: follow-up studies are planned at regular intervals in the future to measure change in practice, attitudes and professional alliances to improve information management.

  • 158.
    Anderson, Kristin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Informationsteori. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Tree Structures in Broadcast Encryption2005Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The need for broadcast encryption arises when a sender wishes to securely distribute messages to varying subsets of receivers, using a broadcast channel, for instance in a pay-TV scenario. This is done by selecting subsets of users and giving all users in the same subset a common decryption key. The subsets will in general be overlapping so that each user belongs to many subsets and has several different decryption keys. When the sender wants to send a message to some users, the message is encrypted using keys that those users have. In this thesis we describe some broadcast encryption schemes that have been proposed in the literature. We focus on stateless schemes which do not require receivers to update their decryption keys after the initial keys have been received; particularly we concentrate on the Subset Difference (SD) scheme.

    We consider the effects that the logical placement of the receivers in the tree structure used by the SD scheme has on the number of required transmissions for each message. Bounds for the number of required transmissions are derived based on the adjacency of receivers in the tree structure. The tree structure itself is also studied, also resulting in bounds on the number of required transmissions based on the placement of the users in the tree structure.

    By allowing a slight discrepancy between the set of receivers that the sender intends to send to and the set of receivers that actually can decrypt the message, we can reduce the cost in number of transmissions per message. We use the concept of distortion to quantify the discrepancy and develop three simple algorithms to illustrate how the cost and distortion are related.

  • 159.
    Andersson, Anders
    et al.
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Trafik och trafikant,TRAF, Fordonsteknik och simulering, FTS.
    Buffoni, Lena
    IDA, Linköping University.
    Powertrain Model Assesment for Different Driving Tasks through Requirement Verification2016Ingår i: Proceedings of the 9th EUROSIM Congress on Modelling and Simulation, 2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    For assessing whether a system model is a good candidate for a particular simulation scenario or choosing the best system model between multiple design alternatives it is important to be able to evaluate the suitability of the system model. In this paper we present a methodology based on finite state machine requirements verifying system behavior in a Modelica environment where the intended system model usage is within a moving base driving simulator. A use case illustrate the methodology with a Modelica powertrain system model using replaceable components and measured data from a Golf V. The achieved results show the importance of context of requirements and how users are assisted in finding system model issues.

  • 160.
    Andersson, Anders
    et al.
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Trafik och trafikant,TRAF, Fordonsteknik och simulering, FTS.
    Kharrazi, Sogol
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Trafik och trafikant,TRAF, Fordonsteknik och simulering, FTS.
    A Framework for Credibility Assessment of a Powertrain Model in Driving Simulator Studies2016Ingår i: Proceedings of the 36th FISITA World Automotive Congress, 2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    When performing a driving simulator study, validity of the vehicle model for the intended driving task is of key importance; otherwise, the reliability of the study results might be jeopardized. In this paper a framework for real-time credibility assessment of the simulated longitudinal dynamics by a powertrain model in a moving base driving simulator is presented. The framework consists of the physical system model and a quality model which run in parallel in real time. The developed framework has been evaluated by offline simulations, as well as in real-time in a moving base driving simulator. The evaluation results showed that the developed framework can accurately capture the validity of the powertrain model in different driving conditions and provide the credibility level of the simulation results to the simulator operator in real-time.

  • 161.
    Andersson, Annika
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Digital divides revisited: towards a model for analysis2004Ingår i: Electronic government: Proceedings of the third international conference, EGOV 2004, Zaragoza, Spain, August 30 - September 3, 2004 / [ed] Roland Traunmüller, Berlin: Springer , 2004, s. 289-292Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a model for categories of divides, and how these categories are interrelated. The factors are found by a literature study from different countries attempting to measure various divides. The model is based on earlier research on the ‘divide’ and includes: physical access, autonomy of use, know-how and motivation. Depending on the type of digital divide and the local situation, rectifying efforts must address the most crucial factor, which could be any of the four. The paper also introduces the nature and amount of different proposed divides, and relations among factors.

  • 162.
    Andersson, Annika
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Learning e-Learning: the restructuring of students beliefs and assumptions about learning2010Ingår i: International Journal on E-learning, ISSN 1537-2456, E-ISSN 1943-5932, Vol. 9, nr 4, s. 435-461Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper builds on a case study on e-learning in Sri Lanka with focus on students’ underlying beliefs about how one learns. E-learning programs are most often set up with the assumption that students should think, act and learn independently and with underlying values of constructivism and learner–centred learning. For students used to classroom-based, didactic education the transition to the e-learning paradigm is, however, neither predetermined nor immediate. The objective of this paper is to find out if, and how, the e-learning practice manages to transform students into more independent and self sustaining learners. By drawing on Structuration Theory this study analyzes and compares novice and experienced students’ assumptions about learning when asking for a particular support function, because support needs should change if students start adopting the e-learning view on how learning is achieved. Findings show that students increasingly adopt the e-learning view on learning as they progress through the program. Students take increasingly more ownership of their learning and the teacher is no longer seen as the container of all knowledge. The importance of discussions also increases over time indicating that knowledge is no longer seen as being transmitted but rather created.

  • 163.
    Andersson, Annika
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Letters from the field: e-learning students change of learning behaviour in Sri Lanka and Bangladesh2008Ingår i: Proceedings of ECEL 2008: 7th European conference on e-Learning, 2008, s. 29-37Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports the findings from two case studies on e-learning in Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. In these countries much hope is set on e-learning as a means to disseminate education to a larger population, but statistics show that drop out rates from e-learning courses are much higher than from traditional, classroom based, courses. In this paper it is argued that one reason for this is that the introduction of e-learning and a more student-centred learning model involves a drastic shift for students who are brought up in very teacher-centred didactic educational cultures. In order to investigate how this change in learning is perceived by its main stakeholders (i.e. the students) visits to learning centres in Sri Lanka and Bangladesh were made during 2007 and 2008. To capture the students’ opinions an open approach was chosen where students were asked to write letters about which major challenges they experience in changing their learning behaviour and completing the courses. Altogether the study is based on 107 student letters that have been analyzed and coded based on major differences and challenges identified by the students. Findings show that most students find learning on their own to be the major difference. They find this challenging because they feel very distant and because they do not know how to learn on their own. They have difficulties in managing their time and a lack of flexibility combined with a sloppy administration makes it even worse. Students used to being spoon-fed and learning by memorizing obviously need much support in taking ownership of their own learning in order to be able to learn by themselves. By comparing and mapping these findings to solutions suggested by existing research this study therefore suggests that support functions should be provided for students on ‘how to be an online learner’ and on ‘how to learn by yourself’. The teacher interaction and presence should also, at least in the early stages of the course, be frequent and active in order to make the student confident in his or hers ability to learn on their own. Finally, course flexibility (in regards to delivery mode and pace) should be high and much effort should be put into creating a supportive and well-organized administration

  • 164.
    Andersson, Annika
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Seven major challenges for e-learning in developing countries: Case study eBIT, Sri Lanka2008Ingår i: International Journal of Education and Development using ICT, ISSN 1814-0556, Vol. 4, nr 3Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    By using an extensive framework for e-learning enablers and disablers (including 37 factors) this paper sets out to identify which of these challenges are most salient for an e-learning course in Sri Lanka. The study includes 1887 informants and data has been collected from year 2004 to 2007, covering opinions of students and staff. A quantitative approach is taken to identify the most important factors followed by a qualitative analysis to explain why and how they are important. The study identified seven major challenges in the following areas: Student support, Flexibility, Teaching and Learning Activities, Access, Academic confidence, Localization and Attitudes. In this paper these challenges will be discussed and solutions suggested.

  • 165.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    A Conceptual Framework for E-Learning in Developing Countries: A Critical Review of Research Challenges2009Ingår i: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, E-ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 38, nr 8, s. 1-16Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a critical review of research on challenges for e-learning with a particular focus on developing countries. A comprehensive literature review including 60 papers on e-learning challenges was undertaken for the purpose of understanding how to implement e-learning in developing countries. Research questions were: what has existing research identified as the major challenges for e-learning, and, what differences, if any, are there between developing countries and developed countries in this respect? The literature study found 278 papers which were condensed to 60 based on exclusion and inclusion criteria designed to find papers of best quality as well as papers that clearly investigated well-defined challenges. The research found 30 specific challenges which were grouped into four categories, viz.: courses, individuals, technology and context. The overall conclusion is that these challenges are equally valid for both developed and developing countries; however in developing countries more papers focus on access to technology and context whereas in developed countries more papers concern individuals. A further finding is that most papers focus on one or two categories of challenges; few papers exhibit a comprehensive view. Because challenges are interrelated, based on the findings we propose a conceptual framework of emerging issues for e-learning in developed and developing countries. The framework is useful to guide both practice and research.

  • 166.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik. Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Increasing interactivity in distance educations: Case studies Bangladesh and Sri Lanka2010Ingår i: Information Technology for Development, ISSN 0268-1102, E-ISSN 1554-0170, Vol. 16, nr 1, s. 16-33Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes how distance educations in developing countries can enhance interactivityby means of information and communication technologies. It is argued that e-learning involvesa shift in the educational structure from traditional transmission of knowledge to interactivecreation of knowledge. Our case studies are two distance educations in Bangladesh and SriLanka that use different technologies for implementing interactivity; Internet and computersin one case and video and mobile phones in the other. The findings are analyzed based onStructuration Theory and we compare the two approaches based on emerging norms andbeliefs. Findings from both cases show the concurrent enactment of both the transmissionand the interactive structure. Whereas peer collaboration and the use of self-assessment toolsmake students take more ownership of their learning, we also found the idea of a classroomwith an instructive teacher to be deeply rooted in the students’ minds.

  • 167.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Increasing interactivity in distance educations: Case studies Bangladesh and Sri Lanka2010Ingår i: Information Technology for Development, ISSN 0268-1102, E-ISSN 1554-0170, Vol. 16, nr 1, s. 16-33Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes how distance educations in developing countries can enhance interactivityby means of information and communication technologies. It is argued that e-learning involvesa shift in the educational structure from traditional transmission of knowledge to interactivecreation of knowledge. Our case studies are two distance educations in Bangladesh and SriLanka that use different technologies for implementing interactivity; Internet and computersin one case and video and mobile phones in the other. The findings are analyzed based onStructuration Theory and we compare the two approaches based on emerging norms andbeliefs. Findings from both cases show the concurrent enactment of both the transmissionand the interactive structure. Whereas peer collaboration and the use of self-assessment toolsmake students take more ownership of their learning, we also found the idea of a classroomwith an instructive teacher to be deeply rooted in the students’ minds.

  • 168.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Hedström, Karin
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Learning from e-learning: emerging constructive learning practices2009Ingår i: Doing IT research that matters, 2009Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This research is situated within the field of Information and Communication Technologies for Development (ICT4D) and asks if ICT use can make learning practices change. While constructive learning practices are critical to both individual and societal development, repetitive learning practices are the norm in many developing countries. The study is based on observations and in-depth interviews and uses a structurational approach to understand if and how students views of learning change during an e-learning program in Sri Lanka. We found four constructive learning practices that emerged through technology use; individual exploring, interaction with peers, interaction with teachers, and taking responsibility of the learning. Many constructive learning practices emerged outside the LMS used, in students’ voluntary uses of publicly available resources on the Internet. The study shows that technology use can play a positive role for development, provided an open environment is available; students learn constructive practicesfrom e-learning.

  • 169.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Räisänen, Kalle
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Using class blogs in 1:1 schools: searching for unexplored opportunities2014Ingår i: Computers in The Schools, ISSN 0738-0569, E-ISSN 1528-7033, Vol. 31, nr 3, s. 173-196Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on class blogs and presents results from 1:1schools in Sweden. While Swedish schools are increasingly usingWeb 2.0 technologies (e.g., wikis and blogs), most of this use is stillatanexperimentalstage.Tofurthertheunderstandingofhowblogsare and can be used, we compare class blogs used in practice withthe fast-growing literature in the field. Previous work suggests eightuses: collaboration, making assignments, journal writing, instruc-tion, posting supplemental material, community building, externalreaders, and prompting. In practice, we found blogs to be used ina fairly narrow way—mainly for instruction and posting supple-mental material. We hope that this article will inspire teachers tofurther their blog use.

  • 170.
    Andersson, Birger
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Bergholtz, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Johannesson, Paul
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Resource, Process, and Use – Views on Service Modeling2012Ingår i: Advances in Conceptual Modeling: ER 2012 Workshops CMS, ECDM-NoCoDA, MoDIC, MORE-BI, RIGiM, SeCoGIS, WISM, Florence, Italy, October 15-18, 2012. Proceedings / [ed] lvana Castano, Panos Vassiliadis, Laks V. Lakshmanan, Mong Li Lee, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2012, s. 23-33Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Currently there exists a multitude of views of service creating problems for designers and users of models with respect to reasoning, description and classification of services. The diversity of conflicting views and definitions suggest that a multi-perspective approach is required to explicate the notion of service. The purpose of this paper is to introduce an integrated view of the service notion based on a literature survey. Our approach is to start with an analysis of service-as-a-resource and argue that this view will benefit from being complemented with a service-as-a-process view. These views are then integrated and represented in a conceptual model.

  • 171.
    Andersson, Birger
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Bider, Ilia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Johannesson, Paul
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Perjons, Erik
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Towards a formal definition of goal-oriented business process patterns2005Ingår i: Business Process Management Journal, ISSN 1463-7154, E-ISSN 1758-4116, Vol. 11, nr 6, s. 650-662Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Organizations of today are becoming ever more focused on their business processes. This has resulted in an increasing interest in using best practices for business process re-engineering. Two problems arise in connection to using best practices: how to find a best practice that suits particular purposes, and how to ensure that the process from the best practice has the same nature as the process under re-engineering. The purpose of this paper is to address these issues.

    Design/methodology/approach – The paper suggests using business process patterns, i.e. relatively high level business process models, for making near formal comparison of business processes. The paper analyzes widespread modeling techniques to find out which of them suits the task of building patterns for comparison. Based on this analysis, the state-flow modeling technique is chosen and first steps towards formal definition of business process patterns based on this technique are suggested.

    Findings – A pattern is defined based on the notions of state space, goal, as a surface in the state space, and valid movements towards the goal. A thinkable procedure of constructing patterns is demonstrated on two real-life examples. A hypothetical procedure for comparing process is suggested but it still needs to be verified in practice.

    Originality/value – The originality of the paper is the way the patterns are formulated and the underlying model, the state-flow view of processes, upon which the patterns are founded.

  • 172.
    Andersson, Birger
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Guarino, Nicola
    Johannesson, Paul
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Livieri, Barbara
    Towards an Ontology of Value Ascription2016Ingår i: Formal Ontology in Information Systems: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference (FOIS 2016), IOS Press, 2016, s. 331-344Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The analysis of value, value ascription mechanisms, and their motivating and influencing factors is useful for decision making processes of both customers and providers. In particular, enterprise modeling can greatly benefit from a proper understanding of value-related notions. Nonetheless, existing value models mainly focus on the value exchange between subjects, disregarding the understanding of “what” value is and of “why” something is valuable. In order to exploit the benefits of value analysis, a precise and rigorous conceptualization, based on foundational ontologies, is needed. To this aim, we present and discuss here a preliminary core ontology of value ascription and we discuss the main issues.

  • 173.
    Andersson, Birger
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Johannesson, Paul
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Zdravkovic, Jelena
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Aligning Goals and Services through Goal and Business Modelling2009Ingår i: Information Systems and E-Business Management, Vol. 7, nr 2009Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    E-services are used as the cornerstones for modelling interaction points of cooperating IT systems, within and between enterprises. So far, research and development of e-services have mainly focused on an operational perspective, such as the development of standards for message exchanges and service coordination. However, on a strategic level, the success of e-services depends on its ability to work as a medium for exchange of business values. In this paper, we present an approach that utilizes goal and business models as the foundation for designing e-services. The approach can be used to ensure that the developed e-services support the desired goals and business values of involved actors. A case st3dy from the Swedish health sector is used to ground and apply the presented approach.

  • 174.
    Andersson, Bo
    et al.
    Ekonomihögskolan, Lunds universitet.
    Keller, Christina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Harness Mobility: Managing the Off-Task Property2010Ingår i: Global Perspectives on Design Science Research: The 5th International Conference on Design Science Research in Information Systems and Technology 2010, in St Gallen, Switzerland / [ed] Winter, R.,Zhao, J. L. & Aier, S., Berlin Heidelberg: Springer , 2010, s. 258-269Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Technological advancements in mobile computing and wireless networks open up to new applications and new user-groups in the mobile workforce. However, a considerable part of the mobile workforce, such as e.g. drivers or healthcare staff, is chiefly performing other tasks than interacting with their computers. As a result, they are not able to pay attention to computer interaction, making them mainly off computer tasks. The aim of the paper is to develop a design theory to manage off-task situations in mobile computing. Interviews were performed with developers of an information system comprising mobile devices for drivers. From the interviews, a design of an artifact and a design theory based on a strategy to automate routine administration task using place awareness is presented. The eight components of IS design theory by Gregor and Jones is applied as a theoretical framework.

  • 175.
    Andersson, Bo
    et al.
    Ekonomihögskolan, Lunds universitet.
    Keller, Christina
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media.
    Harness mobility: Managing the off-task property2010Ingår i: DESRIST 2010: The 5th International Conference on Design Science Research in Information Systems and Technology 2010, in St Gallen, Switzerland / [ed] Stephan Aier, Springer , 2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Technological advancements in mobile computing and wireless networks open up to new applications and new user-groups in the mobile workforce. However, a considerable part of the mobile workforce, such as e.g. drivers or healthcare staff, is chiefly performing other tasks than interacting with their computers. As a result, they are not able to pay attention to computer interaction, making them mainly off computer tasks. The aim of the paper is to develop a design theory to manage off-task situations in mobile computing. Interviews were performed with developers of an information system comprising mobile devices for drivers. From the interviews, a design of an artifact and a design theory based on a strategy to automate routine administration task using place awareness is presented. The eight components of IS design theory by Gregor and Jones is applied as a theoretical framework.

  • 176.
    Andersson, Christer
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    Camenisch, Jan
    IBM Zurich Research Laboratory, Switzerland.
    Crane, Stephen
    Hewlett-Packard Laboratories, UK.
    Fischer-Hübner, Simone
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    Leenes, Ronald
    Tilburg University, the Netherlands.
    Pearson, Siani
    Hewlett-Packard Laboratories, UK.
    Pettersson, John Sören
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    Sommer, Dieter
    IBM Zurich Research Laboratory, Switzerland.
    Trust in PRIME2005Ingår i: Proceedings of the 5th IEEE International Symposium on Signal Processing and IT, IEEE conference proceedings, 2005, s. 552-559Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The PRIME project develops privacy enhancing identity management systems that allow users in various application areas such as e-commerce to regain control over their personal spheres. This paper introduces the PRIME technical architecture that also includes special trust-enhancing mechanisms, and shows how PRIME technologies can enhance privacy and trust of e-shopping customers. It also discusses the socio-psychological factors and HCI aspects influencing the end user's trust in privacy enhancing identity management, and shows why HCI research, user studies, and socio-psychological research, are necessary efforts to accompany system design.

  • 177.
    Andersson Hagiwara, Magnus
    et al.
    School of Health Sciences, University of Borås, Sweden.
    Andersson-Gäre, Boel
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Elg, Mattias
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Division of Quality Technology and Management, Linköping University, Sweden.
    Interrupted time series versus statistical process control in quality improvement projects2016Ingår i: Journal of Nursing Care Quality, ISSN 1057-3631, E-ISSN 1550-5065, Vol. 31, nr 1, s. E1-E8Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To measure the effect of quality improvement interventions, it is appropriate to use analysis methods that measure data over time. Examples of such methods include statistical process control analysis and interrupted time series with segmented regression analysis. This article compares the use of statistical process control analysis and interrupted time series with segmented regression analysis for evaluating the longitudinal effects of quality improvement interventions, using an example study on an evaluation of a computerized decision support system.

  • 178. Andersson, J.
    et al.
    Nellborn, C.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för informatik och projektledning.
    Tolis, C.
    Business Modelling - Konsortium förenar forskning vid tre högskolor1996Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Syftet med business modelling projektet är att undersöka möjligheterna att överbrygga kommunikationsgapet mellan affärsansvariga och systemexperter via användning av gemensamma metoder och arbetssätt.



    Projektets mål är att utreda förutsättningarna för, samt ta fram ramverk för ett integrerat arbetssätt där metoder för affärs- verksamhets- och systemutveckling kombineras i metodkedjor (metoder med olika syfte) och metodallianser (metoder med liknande men kompletterande syfte).



    Projektet drivs av ett konsortium bestående av tre högskolor (Handelshögskolan i Stockholm, Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan och Linköpings universitet) i samverkan med fyra företag (ABB, Ericsson, Posten och Scania). Projektet finansierades av Nutek (numera Vinnova) för projektledning och forskarstuderande. I referensgruppen ingår professorer från de tre högskolorna och erfarna konsulter med spetskunskaper inom verksamhetsutveckling. Projektet slutdokumenterades i boken: "Perspectives on Business Modelling - Understanding and Changing Organisations" (Springer, 1999)

  • 179.
    Andersson, Jessica
    et al.
    Gothenburg Univ, Sweden.
    Larsson, Sofia
    Gothenburg Univ, Sweden.
    Ericsson, Morgan
    Gothenburg Univ, Sweden.
    Wingkvist, Anna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för datavetenskap (DV). Linnaeus Univ, Vaxjo, Sweden..
    A Study of Demand-Driven Documentation in Two Open Source Projects2015Ingår i: 2015 48th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS), 2015, s. 5271-5279Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate how demand-driven documentation is used by open source projects. Our study relies on questions and answers (i.e., demand-driven documentation) posted to Stack Overflow and focuses on two projects: Apache POI and Fennec (Firefox for Android). We find that the demand-driven documentation provided by respective community is of good quality and contributions are made within an acceptable amount of time. We conclude that demand-driven documentation can be suitable as a primary information source if other resources accompany it, e.g., websites. However, the suitability is closely related to size and activity of the project's community. We also investigate whether the type of project (e.g., API, application, product, etc.) matters, and find that given the nature of a forum, projects where the intended users are developers have larger and more active communities and are thus better suited for demand-driven documentation.

  • 180. Andersson, Magnus
    et al.
    Hjalmarsson, Anders
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Avital, Michel
    Peer-to-Peer Service Sharing Platforms: Driving Share and Share Alike on a Mass-Scale2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The sharing economy has been growing continuously in the last decade thanks to the proliferation of internet-based platforms that allow people to disintermediate the traditional commercial channels and to share excess resources and trade with one another effectively at a reasonably low transaction cost. Whereas early peer-to-peer platforms were designed to enable file sharing and goods trading, we recently witness the emergence of a new breed of peer-to-peer platforms that are designed for ordinary service sharing. Ordinary services entail in tangible provisions and are defined as an economic activity that generates immaterial benefits and does not result in ownership of material goods. Based on a structured analysis of 41 internet-based rideshare platforms, we explore and layout the unique characteristics of peer-to-peer service sharing platforms based on three distinct temporal patterns that entail specific consequences for platform use as well as provide insights about their overall design imperative.

  • 181. Andersson, Pär
    et al.
    Larsson, Niklas
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för informatik och projektledning.
    Webbapplikationsutveckling: Möjliga utvecklingsvägar ASP, PHP, Coldfusion med stöd av XML2001Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen är en litteraturstudie med syftet att undersöka möjliga utvecklingsvägar för Imagon system AB vid utvecklandet av en webbanpassad version av dokumenthanteringssystemet IDA 2000. Uppsatsen riktar sig främst till beslutsansvariga på Imagon men även till andra som finner ämnet intressant. Vi utvärderar tre stora metoder för webbapplikationsutveckling, ASP, Cold fusion och PHP. Vi granskar även fördelar med att använda XML som ersättning för HTML vid utvecklingen. Vi rekommenderar att Imagon använder sig av ASP, framförallt därför att den grundläggande kompetens som behövs finns inom företaget. Vi rekommenderar även användande av XML, främst på grund av metodens framstående informationsstrukturering.

  • 182. Andersson, R.
    et al.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för informatik och projektledning.
    Den glömda kundgruppen: En leverantörsstudie av den svenska marknaden för standardsystem1996Ingår i: Management of Technology, ISSN 1102-5581, nr 3, s. 7-8Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kan marknaden över administrativa standardsystem karakteriseras som en bransch i omvandling? Detta är en fråga som inspirerade oss till att undersöka hur leverantörer av standardiserade programvaror ser på sin roll idag och den närmaste framtiden. Vår bedömning är att den senska marknaden för standardystem kan utsättas för drastiska förändringar. En kraftig utslagning bland leverantörer och ett radikalt annorlunda produkt- och tjänsteutbud är några exempel

  • 183. Andersson, R.
    et al.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för informatik och projektledning.
    Standardsystem idag och i framtiden: En leverantörsstudie1996Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vårt övergirpande forskningsproblem avser att analysera nätverket av affärsrelationer mellan aktörer kring standardsystem på den svenska markanden. Med aktörer avses här kunder, leverantörer och olika former av tredje parter inom branschen för programvaror med kringliggande datorer och tjänster. Tidigare har forskningen kring SIV-metoden för anskaffning av standardsystem gett fördjupade kunskaper om kundens situation på marknaden. För närvarande undersöks hur leverantörer av standardsystem ser på sin roll i branschen.



    Som ett led i detta forskningsarbete genomförde vi under 1992 en leverantörsstudie av hur branschen kring standardsystem ser ut idag respektive kommer att utvecklas i framtiden. Vi har valt ut de 21 största leverantörerna av administrativa standardsystem som opererar på den svenska marknaden. Intervjuer genomfördes med VD, vice VD och/eller i vissa fall med marknadschefen. Intervjuerna ägde rum på företagen under ca 3 timmar och följde en i förväg utarbetad frågemall för att underlätta jämförelese mellan leverantörerna. Frågorna berörde t.ex. företagets affärsidé, kombinerat produkt/tjänsteutbud, konkurrenter resp samarbetspartners, idealt versus faktiskt kundbeteende och visioner om framtidstrender.



    Rapporten har ett fokus på intressanta generella mönster och "highlights" i stället för detaljuppgifter om varje specifik leverantör. Analyserna kretsar kring frågeställningar som glömda kundgrupper, totalleverantör versus nischleverantörer, produktgenerationer ("release"-hantering), långsiktiga affärsrelationer, teknologins betydelse (t.ex. användargränssnitt) och kravspecifikationens roll. Efter feedback på remissutgåvan har vi utökat slutrapporten med några reflektioner kring vad som kännetecknar en konkurrenskraftig leverantör, konsekvenser av den tekniska utvecklingen och om hur vi kan applicera ett nätverkssynsätt inom branschen för administrativa standardsystem.



    Rapporten är presenterad på:



    VITS Höstseminarium - Ett forum för kunskapsutbyte om forskning om informationsssystemutveckling, 22-23 november 1995, Insitutionen för Datavetenskap (IDA), Linköpings universitet

  • 184. Andersson, R.
    et al.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för informatik och projektledning.
    Standardsystemmarknaden: En bransch i omvandling1996Ingår i: Lundeberg, M., Sundgren, B (red.) (1996). Att Föra Verksamheten Framåt: Människor och informationssystem i samverkan, EFI's årsbok, sid. 57-80, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 1996Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kan den svenska marknaden över administrativa standardsystem karakteriseras som en bransch i omvandling? Detta är en fråga som inspirerat oss till att undersöka hur samspelet mellan leverantörer och kunder av standardsystem ser ut idag och i framtiden. Eftersom det finns många olika uppfattningar om vad standardystem egentligen är inleder vi med att precisera innebörden i begreppet. Vad som händer inom branschen och vilka förändringar av standardsystem som kan skönjas är vårt huvudsakliga tema för kapitlet. Vi kommer att ha ett fokus på två intressant trender på marknaden, nämligen utvecklingen mot långsiktiga affärsrelationer och så kallade komponentbaserade standardsystem.



    Bokkapitlet har preseterats som en artikel på en nationell konferens:



    Optimala affärssystem - Hur du framgångsrikt integrerar affärsprocesserna i Din verksamhet, 30 november - 1 december 1998, Konferensen, Euroforum, Stockholm

  • 185. Andersson, R.
    et al.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för informatik och projektledning.
    The Standard Application Package Market: An Industry in Transition1996Ingår i: Lundeberg, M., Sundgren, B. (Eds.) Advancing Your Business: People and Information Systems in Concert, EFI yearbook, Chapter III, Stockholm: EFI, Stockholm School of Economics , 1996Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Can the Swedish market in standard application packages be charaterized as an industry in transition? This is a question that inspired us to investigate the interplay between vendors and customers of standard application packages apperas today and will appear in the future. Since there are many opinions concerning what standard application packages actually are, we shall begin by defining the concept. Our main theme in the chapter is the events and changes which can be observed in the industry. We shall focus on two interesting trends in the market, namely the development of long-term business relationships and so-called component-based packages

  • 186.
    Andersson, Ulf
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medieproduktion.
    Josefsson, Pernilla
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medieproduktion.
    Pareto, Lena
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medieproduktion.
    Challenges in designing virtual environments training social skills for children with autism2006Ingår i: Proceedings of 6th International Conference on Disability, Virtual Reality and Associated Technologies, University of Reading , 2006, s. 35-43Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to explore particular challenges faced when designing virtual environments for children with autism, with the purpose of training social skills. Our findings are based on studying autistic behaviour during three years (primary and secondary sources), analysis of related system and other computer mediated assistive technology, as well as general game design. From these studies we have identified eight critical design parameters that need to be adjustable in a system suitable for autistic persons. The parameters importance, their variation range, as well as the need for independent adjustment of these were estimated and verified by experienced expert pedagogues.

  • 187.
    Andersson, Ulf
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medieproduktion.
    Josefsson, Pernilla
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medieproduktion.
    Pareto, Lena
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medieproduktion.
    Challenges in designing virtual environments training social skills for children with autism2006Ingår i: International Journal on Disability and Human Development, ISSN 1565-012X, Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 105-111Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to explore particular challenges faced when designing virtual environments for children with autism, with the purpose of training social skills. Our findings are based on studying autistic behavior during three years (primary and secondary sources), analysis of related system and other computer mediated assistive technology, as well as general game design. From these studies, we have identified eight critical design parameters that must be adjustable in a system suitable for autistic persons. The importance of the parameters, their variation range, as well as the need for independent adjustment of these were estimated and verified by experienced expert pedagogues. Copyright © Freund Publishing House Limited.

  • 188.
    Andler, Sten F.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information.
    Information Fusion from Databases, Sensors and Simulations: Annual Report 20052006Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 189.
    Andler, Sten F.
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information.
    Brohede, Marcus
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information.
    Information Fusion from Databases, Sensors and Simulations: Annual Report 20062007Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 190.
    Andler, Sten F.
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information.
    Brohede, Marcus
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information.
    Information Fusion from Databases, Sensors and Simulations: Annual Report 20072008Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 191.
    Andler, Sten F.
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information.
    Brohede, Marcus
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information.
    Information Fusion from Databases, Sensors and Simulations: Annual Report 20082009Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 192.
    Andler, Sten F.
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Hansson, Jörgen
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Eriksson, Joakim
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Mellin, Jonas
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Berndtsson, Mikael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Eftring, Bengt
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    DeeDS: Towards a Distributed and Active Real-Time Database Systems1996Ingår i: ACM Sigmod Record, Vol. 25, nr 1, s. 38-40Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    DeeDS combines active database functionality with critical timing constraints and integrated system monitoring. Since the reactive database mechanisms, or rule management system, must meet critical deadlines, we must employ methods that make triggering of rules and execution of actions predictable. We will focus on the scheduling issues associated with dynamic scheduling of workloads where the triggered transactions have hard, firm or soft deadlines, and how transient overloads may be resolved by substituting transactions by computationally cheaper ones. The rationale for a loosely coupled general purpose event monitoring facility, that works in tight connection with the scheduler, is presented. For performance and predictability, the scheduler and event monitor are executing on a separate CPU from the rest of the system. Real-time database accesses in DeeDS are made predictable and efficient by employing methods such as main memory resident data, full replication, eventual consistency, and prevention of global deadlocks.

  • 193. Andra, Siibak
    et al.
    Michael, Forsman
    Hernwall, Patrik
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Employing creative research methods with tweens in Estonia and Sweden: reflections on a case-study on multimodal virtual identity constructions on social networking sites2014Ingår i: Methods for analyzing social media / [ed] Klaus Bredl, Julia Hunniger, Jakob Linaa Jensen, London: Routledge, 2014Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 194.
    Andreev, Andriy
    et al.
    Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland.
    Argyrou, Argyris
    Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland.
    Using self-organizing map for data mining: A synthesis with accounting applications2012Ingår i: Data mining: Foundations and intelligent paradigms: Volume 3: Medical, health, social, biological and other applications / [ed] Dawn E. Holmes & Lakhmi C. Jain, Berlin: Springer, 2012, s. 321-342Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The self-organizing map (i.e. SOM) has inspired a voluminous body of literature in a number of diverse research domains. We present a synthesis of the pertinent literature as well as demonstrate, via a case study, how SOM can be applied in clustering accounting databases. The synthesis explicates SOM's theoretical foundations, presents metrics for evaluating its performance, explains the main extensions of SOM, and discusses its main financial applications. The case study illustrates how SOM can identify interesting and meaningful clusters that may exist in accounting databases. The paper extends the relevant literature in that it synthesises and clarifies the salient features of a research area that intersects the domains of SOM, data mining, and accounting. 

  • 195.
    Andrenucci, Andrea
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Creating a Bilingual Psychology Lexicon for Cross Lingual Question Answering - A Follow up Study2010Ingår i: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Web Information Systems and Technologies / [ed] Joaquim Filipe, José Cordeiro, INSTICC Press, 2010, Vol. 2, s. 95-102Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses a follow-up study aimed at investigating the extraction of word relations from a medical parallel corpus in the field of Psychology. Word relations are extracted in order to create a bilingual lexicon for cross lingual question answering between Swedish and English on a medical portal. Six different variants of the corpus were utilized: word inflections with and without POS tagging, syntactically parsed word inflections, lemmas with and without POS tagging, syntactically parsed lemmas. The purpose of the study was to analyze the quality of the word relations obtained from the different versions of the corpus and to understand which version of the corpus was more suitable for extracting a bilingual lexicon in the field of psychology. The word alignments were evaluated with the help of reference data (gold standard) and with measures such as precision and recall.

  • 196.
    Andrenucci, Andrea
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Experiments with Cross-Language Information Retrieval on a Health Portal for Psychology and Psychotherapy2016Ingår i: Exploring Complexity in Health: An Interdisciplinary Systems Approach / [ed] Alexander Hoerbst, Werner O. Hackl, Nicolette de Keizer, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Mira Hercigonja-Szekeres, Simon de Lusignan, IOS Press, 2016, s. 75-79Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies have been performed within cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) in the field of psychology and psychotherapy. The aim of this paper is to to analyze and assess the quality of available query translation methods for CLIR on a health portal for psychology. A test base of 100 user queries, 50 Multi Word Units (WUs) and 50 Single WUs, was used. Swedish was the source language and English the target language. Query translation methods based on machine translation (MT) and dictionary look-up were utilized in order to submit query translations to two search engines: Google Site Search and Quick Ask. Standard IR evaluation measures and a qualitative analysis were utilized to assess the results. The lexicon extracted with word alignment of the portal's parallel corpus provided better statistical results among dictionary look-ups. Google Translate provided more linguistically correct translations overall and also delivered better retrieval results in MT.

  • 197.
    Andresen, Christoffer
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Hodosi, Georg
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Saprykina, Irina
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    User Acceptance of a Software Tool for Decision Making in IT Outsourcing: A Qualitative Study in Large Companies from Sweden2010Ingår i: Knowledge Management, Information Systems, E-Learning, and Sustainability Research: Proceedings, Part I / [ed] Miltiadis D. Lytras, Patricia Ordonez De Pablos, Adrian Ziderman, Alan Roulstone, Hermann Maurer, Jonathan B. Imber, Springer, 2010, s. 277-288Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Decisions for IT outsourcing are very complex and needs to be supported by considerations based on many (multiple) criteria. In order to facilitate the use of a specific tool by a decision-maker in IT outsourcing, we need to find out whether such a tool for this purpose will be accepted or rejected or what improvements must be added to this tool to be accepted by some IT decision makers in large companies from Sweden.

  • 198.
    Andrighetto, Giulia
    et al.
    Institute of Cognitive Science and Technology (CRI), Rome.
    Boella, Guido
    University of Torino.
    Sichman, Jaime
    University of Sao Paulo.
    Verhagen, Harko
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Preface to Special Issue on Social Networks and Multiagent Systems2011Ingår i: Computational and mathematical organization theory, ISSN 1381-298X, E-ISSN 1572-9346, Vol. 14, nr 4, s. 315-317Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 199. Andujar, Carlos
    et al.
    Schiaffonati, Viola
    Schreiber, Fabio A.
    Tanca, Letizia
    Tedre, Matti
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    van Hee, Kees
    van Leeuwen, Jan
    The role and relevance of experimentation in informatics2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Informatics is a relatively young field within science and engineering. Its research and development methodologies build on the scientific and design methodologies in the classical areas, often with new elements to it. We take an in-depth look at one of the less well-understood methodologies in informatics, namely experimentation. What does it mean to do experiments in informatics? Does it make sense to ‘import’ traditional principles of experimentation from classical disciplines into the field of computing and information processing? How should experiments be documented? These are some of the questions that are treated. The report argues for the key role of empirical research and experimentation in contemporary Informatics. Many IT systems, large and small, can only be designed sensibly with the help of experiments. We recommend that professionals and students alike are well-educated in the principles of sound experimentation in Informatics. We also recommend that experimentation protocols are used and standardized as part of the experimental method in Informatics.

  • 200.
    Angelakis, Vangelis
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Kommunikations- och transportsystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Askoxylakis, Ioannis
    FORTH, Institute of Computer Science, Greece.
    Fowler, Scott
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Kommunikations- och transportsystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Gundlegård, David
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Kommunikations- och transportsystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Traganitis, Apostolos
    FORTH, Institute of Computer Science, Greece.
    Yuan, Di
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Kommunikations- och transportsystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Security and Resilience in Cognitive Radio Networks2011Ingår i: European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics Magazine, ISSN 0926-4981, nr 85, s. 48-49Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    After more than a decade of research, system securityand resilience is now the major technological barrier forthe Cognitive Radio (CR) to be adopted by the telecommunication industry. New ideas are required tomake CR networks secure and robust against attacks taking advantage the inherent characteristics of the CR functionality. This work explores key points that urgentlyneed to be addressed.

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