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  • 109601.
    Wojnar-Johansson, Malgorzata
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    SEM analys av silvermynt2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 109602.
    Wojnar-Johansson, Malgorzata
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    SEM analys av två metallfragment från Stenbro 1:8, Påljungshage, RAÄ 2202008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 109603.
    Wojnar-Johansson, Malgorzata
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    SEM-EDS analys av bronsnål, SHM 104212010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 109604.
    Wojnar-Johansson, Malgorzata
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    SEM-EDS analys av brända benfragment.2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 109605.
    Wojnar-Johansson, Malgorzata
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    SEM-EDS analys av guldring, fnr 10096, Botkyrka, RAÄ 932008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 109606.
    Wojnar-Johansson, Malgorzata
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    SEM/EDS analys av två gjutformar från Up Sigtuna, Kv. Humlegården2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 109607.
    Wojnar-Johansson, Malgorzata
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    SEM-EDS analys av två silvermynt, Sten Store den yngre 15122009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 109608.
    Wojnar-Johansson, Malgorzata
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Spårämnesanalys av ben- och jordprover från en kyrkogård utanför Sala silvergruva2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 109609.
    Wojnar-Johansson, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    SEM-EDS analys av metallspån från Elsa Beata och Magdalena Brahe kista.2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 109610.
    Wojtysiak, Zofia
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Tolk- och översättarinstitutet.
    Bara ett nagellack eller en iögonfallande kristallyta med djupa, klassiska färger?: Om översättning från svenska till polska av reklamtexter för Oriflame kosmetikaprodukter.2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien har varit att utröna huruvida Oriflames svenska reklamtexter skiljer sig från sina polska översättningar samt om eventuella skillnader beror på kulturell anpassning till målkulturen. Vidare har en bildanalys genomförts med syfte att undersöka samspelet mellan text och bild samt hur detta samspel eventuellt kan påverka konsumenterna. Trots att den kvantitativa analysen visar att käll- och måltexterna inte skiljer sig åt särskilt mycket, avviker texterna dels innehållsmässigt, dels när det gäller de könsroller som konstrueras i de undersökta texterna.

  • 109611.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Kultur och medier.
    Berättade liv, berättat Polen: en etnologisk studie av hur högutbildade polacker gestaltar identitet och samhälle2005Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The study takes its point of departure in the notions of life story, narrativity and context. It is based on extensive life story interviews with well-educated professionals in Poland – academics, teachers, managers, physicians, artists – during the period of transformation (or transition) from ”real socialism” to democracy and a market economy. The aim is to analyse the multilayered process of constructing a personal identity, as the narrators interweave stories about their lives with images of history and society. The central approach is narrative analysis, focusing on the interview interaction as well as the wider cultural, societal and political context in which the self-presentation takes place, and which it simultaneously creates. Concepts of cultural and paradigmatic narratives are combined with a gender perspective and selected terms from Pierre Bourdieus theory of practice. The narrators’ life experiences are shaped and evaluated in an implicit dialogue with cultural narratives of ideal biographies, professional careers, gender roles and family models in Poland during socialism and the transformation. In family background stories, the ancestors’ gendered biographies are depicted in relation to the underlying paradigm of the romantic-patriotic tradition. In childhood stories, the evaluation models used are psychological, social and based on political correctedness. The interviewees often shape their nostalgic, bitter and ambivalent memories against a background of the power relations between the family and the state, using nostalgia, dark rhetorics and a well-established genre of coping strategies during the socialism. In narratives about formal school-education during the socialist period, two paradigms are seen as highly incongruous: the intellectual-elitistic tradition and the socialistic citizen-schooling. Also stories of being a part of both formal and oppositional organisations and networks are told. In narratives about careers and working life, the pride in doing a good work is prevalent, but the narrators also depict complications in the professional paradigm due to the proliferation of politicised and informal power relations; en influence still lasting during the transformation period. The troubled issues of legitimacy, status and economy are discussed. In stories about close relationships, there is an underlying paradigm of love, marrital happiness and being a good parent, even though the stories follow a variety of plots. The evaluations become complex and sometimes contradictory. By presenting their life-experience in a proud, ambivalent, defensive or ironic way, the narrators reproduce, deconstruct and challenge the dominant cultural narratives, shaping their unique personal paradigms.

  • 109612.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten.
    Familjen och omvärlden1999Inngår i: Familj och kön / [ed] Lundgren Britta, Lövkrona, Inger & Meurling, Birgitta, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 1999Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 109613.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten.
    Försåtlig skjortstrykning och subversiva skratt. Om kön, politik och ett polskt familjeliv2001Inngår i: Bestämma, benämna, betvivla. Kulturvetenskapliga perspektiv på kön, sexualitet och politik / [ed] Lundgren, Britta & Martinsson, Lena, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2001Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 109614.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    “Highly skilled mobility and tourism as intertwined practices – the case of Swedish doctors working for international help organisations”.2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    My paper concerns the intertwined practices of highly skilled mobility and tourism by focusing on Swedish physicians working abroad for international help organizations like MSF/Doctors without Borders, the Red Cross, Operation Smile or the United Nations. The study is based on 16 extensive narrative interviews with doctors who have returned to Sweden, after working outside the Western context, encountering diverse medical, organisational, local and national (sub)cultures.

    When the physicians tell about their motivations to work abroad, they talk not only about the wish “to do some good” and “to make a difference” where the medical resources are insufficient, but also a strong wish “to see the world”, “to really get to know other cultures” and even to experience an “adventure”. The doctors try to combine their work in Kenya, India, Lebanon, Colombia or Afghanistan with getting to know the local environments, the region and the country, e.g. by shorter round-trips on their free-time or making a longer trip after the assignment has been completed. As the mobile doctors picture their assignments, there seems to be no clear-cut boundaries between their work and every-day life in the local setting and tourism; all those practices may be a source of exotic bewilderment and carry educational and enlightening aspects. Work mobility and tourism thus supplement each other and put some of the well-known social and cultural practices into perspective.

    The doctors are, however, concerned about the post-colonial implications of working and sightseeing in the global south. They fret about the implications of being white, privileged subjects who are more protected and cherished than the local population and free to leave the deprived or problematic region. The work assignment may, however, be a kind of alibi for tourism, the only “proper” and “decent” way to visit a Third World country – offering their medical competence and effort, co-operating with local colleagues, is regarded as a way to reduce the unfair power relations and the exploiting tourist gaze.

  • 109615.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten.
    Materialising suffering, medical help and humanitarianism on Swedish Médecins sans Frontières/Doctors without Borders’ web site.2014Inngår i: Conference ”New Materialist Methodologies. Gender, Politics, the Digital”, 25th-26-th september 2014, Barcelona, 2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper discusses the dynamics of materialisation with the example of how the all-pervading materiality of suffering, death and medical help is portrayed – i.e. materialised – in the Swedish web site of Medecins sans Frontiers /Doctors without Borders, Läkare utan Gränser. The site is presenting the organisation’s work as heavily anchored in material circumstances on many levels. There are the brutish forces of natural catastrophes and human-induced conflicts, wars, extreme poverty, malnourishment, epidemics, all shattering human lives, causing suffering and foreboding death. These conditions together with the climate, distances and myriads of other material circumstances limit also the MsF teams’ labour and the help that is possible to give – the help that is vital and desperately needed, though always too scarce. The depicted efforts to bring relief and assistance may also be regarded as the constant process of materialisation of the ideology of humanitarianism. There is the materiality of the gendered human body, of those who need help and those who provide it. The gendered, embodied humans are the subjects who suffer and make sense of suffering; they are also the objects of treatments that the teams (i.e. also gendered, embodied humans) may offer. The MsF-site is trying to portrait - materialise once more through digital means - the all-pervading materiality of suffering and humanitarian, medical help, using texts and images, reports, blogs, digital newsletters and journals and also linking to other web-sides on Facebook and Instagram, to radio and TV programs.

  • 109616.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Migrationsberättelser i samspel2014Inngår i: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, nr 4, s. 12-21Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

     Migration narratives in interplay

    This article takes an interview with two Polish specialist physicians, a married couple currently living and working in Sweden, as a point of departure for exploration of a co-narration of experiences of migration and hybridisation. A narrative support is offered both within the couple and by the researcher and the evaluation of a story is often strengthened by a shared laughter. The analysis focuses how ”narrative sparkles” are evoked by the decision to leave Poland, the feeling of linguistic and cultural hybridisation, the predicaments of marking status in the right way and the ambivalence of belonging to both a highly respected social stratum and the category of ”immigrants”.

  • 109617.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Mostrar, fastrar och andra livsviktiga tanter2011Inngår i: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, nr 1, s. 19-28Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    While our close family relationships, e.g. with the parents or siblings, are surrounded by strong cul­ tural norms and requirements, the relations with aunts and other women of “chosen kin” seldom meet strong expectations (Ellingson & Sotirin 2010). The article draws on interviews with two middle­aged Swedish teachers, who reflect on the profound importance of “aunts” in their lives. They tell about how the aunts provided them with extra­ ordinary moments of loving presence and indul­gence, practical and existential help, friendship and support in big and small issues – versatile re­ sources vital for their identity and quality of life.

  • 109618.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten.
    My mother’s aunts – on family stories and societal context2013Inngår i: The 16th Congress of the International Society for Folk Narrative Research: Folk Narrative in the Modern World: Unity and Diversity, 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    While many close family relationships, e.g. with the parents or siblings, are surrounded by strong cultural norms and requirements, the relations with aunts seldom meet clear expectations (Ellingson & Sotirin 2010). Still, these relations can be of great value. My paper draws on interviews with my mother, reflecting on the profound importance of aunts in her childhood during the 1950-ies and 1960-ties in Poland. In her stories, she tells how different "aunts” (by birth, marriage or acquaintance) provided her and her family with practical and emotional support, profoundly enhancing the quality of life during the rather meagre early decades of early socialism in Poland. The aunts took care of each other's children on holidays, giving them an opportunity to widen their horizons, they provided more elegant clothes than those available in stores, they helped each other to organize social gatherings and festivities. The stories are a part of "family stories" and I reflect on how the relationships with aunts and the "socialistic times", which are an important background in the stories, are narrated and negotiated with me as a daughter.

  • 109619.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten.
    Oförrätter, motstrategier och distinktioner. Om  den polska intelligentian1996Inngår i: Oväntat. Aspekter på etnologisk kulturforskning / [ed] Jacobsson, Roger och Lundgren, Britta, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 1996Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 109620.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Opowiadania o karierze: zawodowe paradygmaty i gra dystynkcji2012Inngår i: Nowe kierunki w organizacji i zarządzaniu: organizacje, konteksty, procesy zarządzania / [ed] Beata Glinka, Monika Kostera, Warszawa: Wolters Kluwer, 2012Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 109621.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Opowieść paradygmatyczna, pole, kapitały i gra dystynkcji w opowiadaniach o karierze.2008Inngår i: Nowe kierunki w zarzadzaniu.: Podrecznik akademicki / [ed] Monika Koster, Warszawa: Wydawnictwa Akademickie i Profesjonalne , 2008, s. 511-529Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 109622.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten.
    Swedish physicians working for international help organizations – on new work contexts, knowledge and reflexivity2016Inngår i: Book of Abstracts, online publication:http://www.isa-sociology.org/forum-2016/, 2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    RC52-JS-31.6

    WOLANIK-BOSTROM, KATARZYNA (Umea university, katarzyna@kultmed umu se)

    Swedish Physicians Working for International Help Organizations – on New Work Contexts, Knowledge and Reflexivity

    What do Swedish physicians experience, teach and learn when they work abroad at international organizations like MSF/Doctors without Borders, the Red Cross, Operation Smile or the United Nations? How do they share their experi- ences with other medical professionals when they return to the Swedish work- place? My paper is based on an interview study with doctors who have returned to Sweden and it combines theories of knowledge with Pierre Bourdieu’s con- cepts. I discuss how the physicians re ect on performing their professional role under unusual and at times di cult circumstances, encountering di erent med- ical, organisational and local subcultures and gaining and sharing practical and theoretical knowledge The work abroad is often guided by acute requirements rather than accurate scheme It puts the well-known, taken-for-granted medical practice into perspective The Swedish doctors in the study talk about the some- times tough, but educational adjustment to the new cultural and occupational context Sometimes, they have to deal with disasters and extreme stress, and there are ethically complex issues when equipment or medicines are perceived as inadequate. In their very re exive accounts, the doctors appreciate the valuable experience of saving or improving lives, making a di erence with small means, as opposed to the overly organized Western medical care, but there are also critical re ections about the long-term bene ts of this kind of contribution. The doctors are especially concerned about the post-colonial implications of working in the global south When they return to a Swedish workplace, their experience is often met with a positive, but rather shallow interest and there is seldom any systematic arrangement for knowledge transfer or utilizing their experiences in the Swed- ish context Neither is all knowledge regarded as relevant and valuable in the Swedish/Western medical and organizational reality.

  • 109623.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    The Hard-Working Hero/ine among Phantoms, Donors and Dark Forces: on Mythical Features in Polish Organizational Imagination2008Inngår i: Organizational Olympians: Heroes and Heroines of Organizational Myths / [ed] Monika Kostera, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008, s. 132-141Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 109624.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    The migrant interview: the researcher as migrant studying sideways2016Inngår i: Cross-cultural interviewing: feminist experiences and reflections / [ed] Gabriele Griffin, London: Routledge, 2016, s. 173-191Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a growing strand of work on qualitative 'insider' research on migration and mobility, e.g. where migrants who have become researchers interview either other migrants from the same country of origin, or return to their country of origin to do research there. This kind of insider research involves particular methodological conditions, especially when it means studying 'sideways', where the power relations are negotiated in complex ways (e.g. Farahani, 2007; Voloder and Kirpitchenko, 2014; see also Ganga and Scott, 2006; Temple and Koterba, 2009; Ghorashi and Moghissi, 2010). In this chapter, I use two sets of extensive, narrative interviews with highly skilled Polish professionals to discuss certain methodological issues that arise in 'sideways migrant interviewing', e.g. interviewing both as a migrant and interviewing people of similar socio-cultural status as myself. The interviews in question were a) migrant-to-'non-migrant' interviews in Poland in the late 1990s; and b) diasporic migrant-to-migrant interviews in Sweden in the early 2010s. I discuss how the researcher may use her biographical experiences as a tool both in collecting data and for gaining a deeper understanding of the issues to be investigated, and how her shifting positioning may be used to secure and enrich data.

  • 109625.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Arvidsson, Alf
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Berättande: uttryck, samspel, förhandling2014Inngår i: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 23, nr 4, s. 2-3Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 109626.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten.
    Pettersson, Helena
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Expatriate experiences of Swedish medical professionals: opportunities and barriers in international mobility2015Inngår i: IMISCOE 12th ANNUAL CONFERENCE
NCCR – On the Move, 
“Right, Democracy and Migration – Challenges and Opportunities” Geneva, 25-27 June 2015, 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In our paper, we discuss international mobility of highly skilled professionals in the Swedish medical field: specialized physicians and medical molecular biologists and who had been trained and worked in Sweden, but spent some time working abroad and returned to Sweden. Our aim is to analyse the returners’ narratives about experiences of (repeated) mobility. We will present their incentives to move to another country and the not always smooth process of organizing the prolonged stay abroad. There are family considerations – with both hardships on and benefits for family life, there are practical issues to solve and economic obstacles. The expatriates reflect also on the knowledge gained during work in different settings, e.g. about organisational and national cultures and how international mobility affects the life trajectory. The expat mobility in the medical field will be presented through our three sub projects, focusing on: 1. Molecular biologists depended on international mobility for successful research, 2. Specialist physicians involved in both research and clinical practice, where mobility is more optional, but encouraged 3. Specialised physicians working as volunteers for international organisations, often under difficult circumstances, making it difficult to e.g. bring a family with them. The study is based on ethnographic methods, primary in-depth interviews. Cultural analysis is combined with theories on knowledge, materiality, Bourdieu’s theory of capital, gender and ethnicity perspective.

  • 109627.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Södertörns högskola.
    A doctor’s life-story: on professional mobility, occupational sub-cultures and personal gains2011Inngår i: Selling one's favourite piano to emigrate: mobility patterns in central Europe at the beginning of the 21st century / [ed] Jakub Isański och Piotr Luczys, Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2011 , 2011, s. 205-222Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 109628.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för genus, kultur och historia, Etnologi.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för genus, kultur och historia, Etnologi.
    A Doctor’s Life–story: On Professional Mobility, Occupational Sub–cultures and Personal Gains2011Inngår i: Selling One’s Favourite Piano to Emigrate: Mobility Patterns in Central Europeat the Beginning of the 21st Century / [ed] Jakub Isański, Piotr Luczys, Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2011, 1, s. 205-222Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 109629.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    A transnational occupation with national subcultures? Migrating doctors and cultural challenges2012Inngår i: Crossroads in Cultural Studies, Paris, Sorbonne 2012, 2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In our paper, based on in-depth interviews with Polish doctors, we analyse how they narrate the complex process of adapting to the professional role in different national and cultural contexts, e.g. in Poland, England, France and Sweden. The field of medicine may be conceptualized as largely transnational, with the professional knowledge and skills being a kind of universal “capital” that can be used in different countries. But alongside this transnational medical field there are also national or regional “subfields”, more hedged in by cultural ideals, ideas and practices. The implicit cultural requirements for a successful professional performance differ, e.g. from more strict and authoritarian doctor's style in England and France to the imperative of "pleasantness" and calm in Sweden, from heavily gendered style in Poland to "gender-neutral" style in Sweden.

  • 109630.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Södertörns högskola.
    A troubled elite?: Stories about migration and establishing professionalism as a Polish doctor in Sweden2012Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 109631.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för genus, kultur och historia, Etnologi.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för genus, kultur och historia, Etnologi.
    A troubled elite?: Stories about migration and establishing professionalism as a Polish doctor in Sweden2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 109632.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Aspects of intersectionality in migrating physicians’ professional roles – narratives of Polish doctors in Sweden.2012Inngår i: 8th European Feminist Research Conference May 17-20, 2012 | Budapest, Hungary, 2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, there are a growing number of immigrant doctors and Poles are one of the largest non-Scandinavian groups. In our paper, based on in-depth interviews with Polish female and male doctors, we analyse how they narrate the complex process of adapting to the professional role in different national contexts, especially in Poland and Sweden. This process has profound ethnical, class, gender and religious implications. A doctor’s role is not only about “transnational” medical knowledge and skills, but also the more nationally specific social and cultural “capital” and embodied dispositions. In this paper we understand intersectionality as a process of power in the interplay of gender, class, sexuality, ethnicity and religion. Cultural stereotypes, ideas, values and notions – e.g. about professionalism as gender neutral or gender-specific and about Poles and Swedes in general – are interoperating in the interplay of gender, class, ethnicity and religion. Some of these stereotypes, values and notions are complex and contradictory. In a specific context as the Swedish heath care they are always hierarchically ordered and sometimes objects of contestation and negotiation. We focus on the cultural aspects of the social intersectional process.The interviewees tell how migration can create a feeling of de-skilling and confusion, not only due to language problems, but also not knowing the social codes, e.g. the ”right” way of performing class and gender, thus threatening a doctor’s professional status in spite of the acknowledged medical competence. The Swedish professional role is perceived as gender-neutral, very politically correct and with strong focus on emotional control. A “too feminine” way to dress may be considered inappropriate for a female doctor in the Swedish context and cause a loss of status, similarly a too expressive display of impatience or anger. The ”normalisation” of the professional role has profound implications on the doctors’ identity and they tell about a process of both adaptation and resistance to what they perceive as “Swedish” norms and values.

  • 109633.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Södertörns högskola.
    En utsatt elit?: etiska överväganden i en studie om polska läkare i den svenska vården2012Inngår i: Etiska dilemman: forskningsdeltagande, samtycke och utsatthet / [ed] Kalman, Hildur & Lövgren, Veronica, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2012, s. 87-99Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 109634.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för genus, kultur och historia, Etnologi.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för genus, kultur och historia, Etnologi.
    En utsatt elit?: Etiska överväganden i en studie om polska läkare i den svenska vården2012Inngår i: Etiska dilemman: Forskningsdeltagande, samtycke och utsatthet / [ed] Hildur Kalman & Veronica Löfgren, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2012, 1, s. 87-99Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 109635.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för genus, kultur och historia, Etnologi.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för genus, kultur och historia, Etnologi.
    Ett samtal om samförståndsblinkningar och solskenshistorier2011Inngår i: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, nr 3-4, s. 80-82Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 109636.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Södertörns högskola.
    Ett samtal om samförståndsblinkningar och solskenshistorier2011Inngår i: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, nr 3-4, s. 80-82Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 109637. Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Etnologi.
    Familjetajming och parentetisk dislokalisering2016Inngår i: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 25, nr 3-4, s. 30-40Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 109638.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Familjetajming och parentetisk dislokalisering2016Inngår i: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 3-4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The article discusses how a “family timing” may be a crucial factor in highly skilled international mobility. It is based on narrative interviews with Swedish physicians and molecular biologists. In the stories, the family often creates a kind of inertia and complication for working abroad. The interviewees’ dreams of career development, learning new theories and methods or “making a difference” in the world must be negotiated with a partner pursuing his/her own career, as well as the rest of the family. But mobility is also regarded as an amazing opportunity for the whole family to learn about new cultural and social contexts, even though the prolonged stay abroad means both hardships and benefits and there are a lot of logistics and practicalities to take care of. In many stories, the"parethetic displacement" abroad influences gender roles and the ideals of dual careers, equal relationship and a respectful parenthood, vital parts of the image of Swedish middle class.

  • 109639.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Migrating physicians as everyday organizational ethnographers2013Inngår i: 8th Organization Studies' Summer Workshop: Organization Studies and the Day to Day Life of Cultures and Communities, 23-25 May 2013, Mykonos, Greece, 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the case of physicians, there is a common assumption that their knowledge and skills are transnational, spatially unbound and easily transferable from one organizational setting to another. But though the human body is seen as “universal”, the national and local health-care organizations are cultural units. They are characterized by ideas and norms about “proper” diagnosis and treatments or a “correct” professional performance. A migrating doctor may soon feel a pressure of implicit expectations on how to perform as a (male or female) professional, how to signal the right social stratum, how to perform authority, what treatments and techniques are the most acclaimed ones etc. In Sweden, there are a growing number of immigrant physicians. In our study, we focus on Polish doctors, who are one of the largest non-Scandinavian groups. Based mainly on in-depth interviews, we analyze how Polish doctors who are working in Sweden talk about their professional migration with a kind of “ethnographic sensibility”, a keen attentiveness to organizational details and cultural differences.

    For many Polish physicians, migration initially created a feeling of de-skilling and confusion, not only due to language problems, but also because of the implicit social codes, e.g. the ”right” way of performing class and gender in the organizational context. In their endeavor to make sense of the implied standards and become a culturally viable professional subject, they applied what we call the “ethnographic sensibility”, observing an analyzing the processes they have been emerged in. They describe idiosyncratic organizational characteristics of the Swedish workplaces (and, by contrast, their former Polish ones), the explicit and implicit demands and know-how of a cultural setting. They also present their strategies for adjusting or resisting adjustment, and trying to make a difference in the organizational culture.

    The migrant doctors tell us that theoretical research and such “hands-on”- skills, where good results can be quickly observed (e.g. in surgery or anesthesiology) get easily appreciated and embraced in the new organization. However, other kinds of experiential and more “culturally specific” knowledge (e.g. communication with patients or colleagues, strategies for treatment or health-care organizing) are often encountered with disinterest, suspicion or get “lost in translation”. Some Polish doctors state that the Swedish colleagues treat the Swedish health-care as superior in every aspect and show little interests in learning from the former East Europeans’ experience – even if their organizational knowledge may be far more complex.

    The skills required of a doctor are thus often much wider than just medical or even administrative. When the Polish doctors get recruited, it is on the basis of “transnationally” valued diplomas and professional practice; i.e. the expert knowledge is supposed to be unbound and objectively judged. But then the doctors encounter tangible national and local medical practices, expectations and know-how, coexisting with these transnational standards. The Swedish clinics or district health centers inhabit complex power dimensions and cultural assumptions on the competences, proficiencies, appearance, communication etc. that fit the “proper” image of a doctor. The Polish doctors encounter a complex set of class- and gender-specific norms and traditions of social behavior, life-style, body language, tone of voice etc., considered appropriate for a doctor in Sweden.  The embodied cultural capital should be marked by “right” eloquence, “right” body language, “right” taste, viable expressions of emotions and opinions etc. All of these prerequisites influence a migrating doctor’s possibility to perform a culturally valued professional role and to get respect in the organization.

    One important aspect is the demand on the “right” gender and class performance. In the doctors’ “ethnographic” accounts, there is the notion of emotional control as an important Swedish mark of class and professionalism. Raising your voice or showing irritation towards the personnel is seen as a serious liability. Some women doctors dwell also on how the “feminine” image that used to be an esteemed part of their professional identity in Poland – e.g. short skirts, high heels, elegant blouses, make-up, “feminine” body language etc. – is suddenly very inappropriate in Sweden. Here, this kind of dress code and performance may be treated as unprofessional and unrefined, signaling wrong social stratum. Many informants perceive the Swedish professionalism (especially in the north) as resolutely gender-neutral, e.g. with the obligatory unisex uniforms, and signaling class through other means than elegance. Some male doctors were initially appalled by the rather disheveled and creasy look of their otherwise highly competent male colleagues.

    The Polish doctors thus observe and reflect upon “cultural differences” in their struggles to comprehend, navigate among, adapt to, challenge or negotiate implicit, situated requirements of the doctor’s role, which lie beyond the strictly medical sphere, but still highly influence their professional authority. For some, these “ethnographic” observations and interpretations are a tool for cultural “passing” and doing things “the Swedish way”, e.g. acting along the class- gender-, nationally etc. specific expectations. But some choose the role of a colorful foreign doctor, especially if they possess unique medical competences, which are of value to the local organization.  

     

  • 109640.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Mobile physicians encountering other ”cultures” – on ethnographic sensibility and authority2013Inngår i: EASA Anthropology and Mobility Network Workshop
: Fielding challenges, challenging the field: The methodologies of mobility, 27–28 September 2013 University of Oxford, UK, 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In contemporary ethnographical research, there has been a significant broadening of methodological and theoretical horizons, for example questioning the moral and intellectual privilege of schooled ethnographers to describe social reality. In our study, based on extensive work-life interviews with mobile Polish-born physicians, they describe countries and localities in ways bearing many resemblances to ‘schooled’ ethnographical descriptions and interpretations. They outline ‘cultures’ and ‘mentalities’ and discuss ‘identity’.

    Mobility (both spatial and social) seems to enhance the need – and the power – of observation, self-reflexivity and ‘cultural’ analysis. The doctors tell about their experiences with a kind of ‘ethnographic sensibility’, a keen attentiveness to organizational details and behavioural patterns in different setting, in their endeavor to make sense of implicit demands and social know-how. The accounts are grounded in prolonged participation, observation, conversations, written materials and a range of other data, just as ethnographical textbooks recommend – but their goals are more pragmatic than the ‘schooled’ ethnographers and they have a less complex, more popular notion of ‘culture’.

    How can we, the ‘schooled’ ethnographers, study our subjects’ suggestive accounts and generalizations about ‘cultures’ and ‘mentalities’? The mobile highly skilled informants are eloquent and used to express their opinions with authority – but as they are on our ‘scientific territory’, so to say, the power balance gets rather complicated. How can we use their accounts for our analytical purposes, showing respect for their ‘lay ethnographic’ knowledge, but not compromising our own enterprise as cultural researchers? What are the differences between the ‘lay’ and the ‘schooled’ ethnographers’ interests, goals and – above all – responsibility for the descriptions and interpretations of cultural norms and values?

  • 109641.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Mobile physicians making sense of culture(s). On mobile everyday ethnography.2015Inngår i: Ethnologia Europaea, ISSN 0425-4597, E-ISSN 1604-3030, Vol. 45, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article, emerging from a study of mobile Polish physicians currently working in Sweden, explores the doctors’ ethnography-like descriptions applying the categories of knowledge usually employed by the researchers. The primary material consists of 21 interviews. The term mobile everyday ethnography points out the particular epistemological condition induced by occupational mobility: a tendency to explore and describe settings and behaviours in cultural terms, oscillating between an insider’s knowledge and an outsider’s estrangement. Some recurrent themes in the interviews concerning cultural frictions are presented, followed by a discussion of the specificity of mobile everyday ethnography: its basis in the pragmatics of everyday life, the predominant usage of the popular notion of “culture” and the professional self being the focal point. 

  • 109642.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    "Mobile physicians: negotiating status and knowledge transfer."2014Inngår i: Rethinking Anthropologies in Central Europe for Global Imaginaries. Social and Cultural Change in Contemporary Central Europe, May 26 - 27, 2014, Prague, 2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Our suggestions for “framework that bring the anthropology in/of Central Europe into conversation with global conceptual development” is that of highly skilled mobility, transnationalism and knowledge transfer, as Central Europeans are becoming increasingly mobile in their professional lives. We would like to present results from an ethnographic study, based primarily on narrative interviews, but also observations and conversations, with 25 Polish physicians currently living and working in Sweden or attending a preparatory course for migration. Health care is often considered a globalized labour market and some of our interviewees have previously worked in Great Britain, US, Israel, France or Norway. Sweden is increasingly dependent on physicians from abroad (18% of doctors were educated in another country) and Polish doctors constitute one of the largest non-Scandinavian groups. We analyse the physicians’ narratives about their working lives in Poland and the various reasons for their decision to move to another country, which they often frame in relation to the brain-drain debate in Polish media. They also tell about their strategies of re-establishing professionalism in a new setting. They present themselves as an integrated part of the transnational elite in the medical field, but at the same time they regard their Central (or former “Eastern-“) European origin as affecting their professional situation. They meet both positive and negative stereotypes. The doctors tell about their successes and tribulations and what may be called “cultural frictions”. The term highly skilled mobility points also to the doctors’ talk about the possibility of further movement – e.g. back to Poland or to another work place abroad.

  • 109643.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Mobility of knowledge and professional sub-cultures: the case of physicians2012Inngår i: 32nd Nordic Conference of Ethnology and Folkloristics “Dynamics of Cultural Differences”, Bergen, Norway / [ed] Organisatörer för panelen: Wolanik Boström, Öhlander & Pettersson,, 2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the paper, we discuss negotiations of the professional role that makes the practise of expertise knowledge (fully) possible, taking our study of as a point of departure. In the case of physicians, there is a common assumption that their knowledge and skills are transnational, spatially unbound and easily transferable from one setting to another. In our study, the Polish doctors migrating to Sweden, England or France tell that both strictly theoretical research and “hands-on”- skills where good results can be quickly observed (e.g. in surgery or anaesthesiology) are easily transferable. Other kinds of experiential and more culturally specific knowledge (e.g. communication with patients or strategies for health-care organizing) are, however, often encountered with disinterest in a new national setting or get more easily “lost in translation”. Some of the Polish doctors tell that the Swedish colleagues treat the Swedish health-care as superior in every aspect and show little interests in learning from the former East Europeans’ experience – even if their experiential knowledge may be more complex.

    Additionally, the skills required of a doctor are often much wider than just medical or administrative. When they come to Sweden, France or England, they do it on the basis of a transnationally valued diplomas and professional practise in the (ideal type of?) overarching, transnational medical field where the expert knowledge is supposed to be unbound and objectively judged. But, as we conclude from our interviews, there are the concrete and tangible national and local medical sub-fields coexisting with this transnational field. These sub-fields inhabit a whole set of complex power dimensions and cultural assumptions on the various competences, traditions, know-how, procedures etc. which fit the “proper” image of a doctor. Those are not only medical – there are expectations on the (nationally, or even locally bound, class- and gender-specific) social behaviour, life-style, embodied cultural capital (Bourdieu) marked by eloquence, body language, viable expressions of emotions and values, opinions etc. All of these prerequisites influence a migrating doctor’s possibility to perform a culturally valued professional role. The Polish doctors tell about their struggles to comprehend, navigate among, adapt to, challenge or negotiate such implicit, locally or nationally situated requirements of the doctor’s role, which lie beyond the strictly medical sphere, but still influence their professional authority. In their endeavour to become a culturally viable professional subject, they may try cultural “passing”, e.g. acting along the class- gender-, nationally etc. specific expectations and become a skilful doctor and not a skilful “Polish doctor”. Thus from the Polish professional subject, through the transnational passage, they become once more locally situated and culturally accepted professional subjects.  But they may also choose the role of a colourful foreign doctor, especially if they possess a set of unique medical competences, which is of value to the local setting – as the “transnational” medical knowledge is ranked higher than the locally bound knowledge.

     

  • 109644.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för genus, kultur och historia, Etnologi.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för genus, kultur och historia, Etnologi.
    Polska läkare i Sverige: om läkarroll, status och kulturella processer2011Inngår i: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 88, nr 3, s. 273-281Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 109645.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Institutionen för genus, kultur och historia, Södertörns Högskola.
    Polska läkare i Sverige: om läkarroll, status och kulturella processer2011Inngår i: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 88, nr 3, s. 273-281Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln fokuserar polskfödda läkare och analyserar statusförändringar och kulturella variationer i samband med migration till Sverige. Texten bygger på två arbetslivshistoriska intervjuer med polska läkare verksamma i Sverige. Det medicinska fält där de befinner sig kan begreppsliggöras som transnationellt, där kunskaper och kompetenser erkänns på en nationsöverskridande nivå, men det finns även nationella sub-fält med specifika normer och traditioner. I berättelserna kontrasteras nationella skillnader. Intervjuerna visar att hög status kopplat till yrket inte enkelt låter sig översättas från ett polskt till ett svenskt sammanhang. Kulturell annorlundahet påverkar såväl yrkesmässig status som handlingsutrymmet på arbetsplatsen.

  • 109646. Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Etnologi.
    Renegotiating Symbolic Capital, Status, and Knowledge: Polish Physicians in Sweden2015Inngår i: Rethinking Ethnography in Central Europe / [ed] Hana Cervinkova, Michal Buchowski, Zdeněk Uherek, Palgrave Macmillan, 2015, s. 41-57Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    What happens when well-educated, highly skilled professionals leave their country of origin to work abroad? How do they make use of their skills and competences in another organizational framework and cultural context, and do they experience any limits regarding the acknowledgement of their seemingly transnational competences and diplomas? What kind of obstacles do they meet and what are their strategies for reestablishing professionalism and status in a new setting? In this chapter, we present the results from our ethnographic study “Polish Doctors in Swedish Medical Care”1 as a point of departure for a Bourdieu-inspired discussion on negotiations regarding symbolic capital in another national medical field (cf. Bourdieu 1984, 1988) and the conditions and limitations of transnational mobility of symbolic capital.

  • 109647.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Re-negotiating Symbolic Capital, Status, and Knowledge: Polish Physicians in Sweden2015Inngår i: Rethinking Ethnography in Central Europe / [ed] Hana Cervinkova, Michal Buchowski, Zdenek Uherek, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015, s. 41-57Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter explores what happens when well-educated, highly skilled professionals leave their country of origin to work abroad to make use of their skills and competences in another organizational framework and cultural context. Do they experience any limits regarding the acknowledgement of their seemingly transnational competences and diplomas? What kind of obstacles do they meet and what are their strategies for reestablishing professionalism and status in a new setting? We present the results from our ethnographic study “Polish Doctors in Swedish Medical Care”  as a point of departure for a Bourdieu-inspired discussion on negotiations regarding symbolic capital in another national medical field (cf. Bourdieu 1984, 1988) and the conditions and limitations of transnational mobility of symbolic capital.

  • 109648.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för genus, kultur och historia, Etnologi.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för genus, kultur och historia, Etnologi.
    Ciesielska, Malgorzata
    Obserwacja2012Inngår i: Badania jakościowe. Tom 2, Metody i narzędzia / [ed] Jemielniak, Dariusz, Warszawa: PWN - Polskie Wydawnictwo naukowe (Polish Scientific Publishers PWN) , 2012, 1Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 109649.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Pettersson, Helena
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
     “Family timing” and reflexive learning in highly skilled international mobility. The case of Swedish medical professionals2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In the paper, we discuss how a “family timing” may be a crucial factor in international mobility and result in reflexive learning outside the occupational context. The paper is based on narrative interviews with Swedish physicians and molecular biologists. In the stories, the family often creates a kind of inertia and complication for working abroad. The interviewees’ dreams of career development, learning new theories and methods or “making a difference” in the world must be negotiated with a partner pursuing his/her own career, as well as the rest of the family. But mobility is also regarded as an amazing opportunity for the whole family to learn about new cultural and social contexts, even though the prolonged stay abroad means both hardships and benefits and there are a lot of logistics and practicalities to take care of. We discuss the informants’ experiences of how international mobility influences gender roles and the ideals of dual careers, equal relationship and a respectful parenthood, vital parts of the image of Swedish middle class. For the specialists, a proper “family timing” and different strategies for “family adjustment” are vital aspects in for evaluating the stay as successful – even a rewarding job and excellent professional learning may fall short if the children or partner are miserable. The stay abroad is, however, regarded as a time for both professional learning and a valuable learning for the whole family, questioning the taken for granted and acquiring social and cultural skills and extended reflexive knowledge.

  • 109650.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Pettersson, Helena
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Swedish Highly Skilled International “Returners” in the Medical Field: A cultural analysis of transnational experiences and transfer of knowledge and skills2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In our paper, we discuss international mobility of highly skilled professionals in the Swedish medical field: medical molecular biologists and physicians who had been trained and worked in Sweden, then spent some time working abroad and returned to Sweden. The aim is to study the returners’ reflections about mobility, the knowledge gained during work in different settings and possibilities to apply the newly gained knowledge and experiences at Swedish working places. This is investigated through three sub projects, focusing on: 1. Molecular biologists, depended on international mobility for successful research, 2. Specialist physicians, involved in both research and clinical practice, for whom mobility is supposed to enhance both, 3. Specialised physicians working as volunteers for international organisations, gaining skills on work under difficult circumstances and with limited resources. The study is based on ethnographic methods, primary in-depth interviews. Cultural analysis is combined with theories on knowledge, Bourdieu’s theory of capital and gender perspective. In the presentation, we shall focus on the concept of knowledge and skills; what knowledge is gained through international mobility and how is it made use of and recognized at the Swedish work places?

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