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  • 101.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Fonologiska aspekter på andraspråksinlärning och svenska som andraspråk2004Inngår i: Svenska som andraspråk: i forskning, undervisning och samhälle / [ed] Kenneth Hyltenstam, Inger Lindberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2004, s. 79-116Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 102.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Natural phonology and second language acquisi­tion: problems and consequences1996Inngår i: EUROSLA 6: a selection of papers / [ed] Eric Kellerman, Bert Weltens, Theo Bongaerts, Amsterdam: VU Uitgeverij , 1996, s. 9-22Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 103.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Phonological acquisition2012Inngår i: The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics / [ed] C. A. Chapelle, Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 104.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Review of David Birdsong (ed.): Second Language Acquisition and the Critical Period Hypothesis. Lawrence Erlbaum, 1999.1999Inngår i: Applied Linguistics, ISSN 0142-6001, E-ISSN 1477-450X, Vol. 20, nr 4, s. 571-575Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 105.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Some observations of child-adult differences in second language pronunciation.1994Inngår i: Scandinavian Working Papers on Bilingualism, Vol. 9, s. 1-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 106.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Universal constraints on L2 coda production: the case of Chinese/Swedish interphonology2003Inngår i: La fonologia dell'interlingua: principi e metodi di analisi / [ed] Lidia Costamagna, Stefania Giannini, Milano: FrancoAngeli , 2003, s. 131-162Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 107.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    U-shaped learning and overgeneralization2013Inngår i: Routledge Encyclopedia of Second Language Acquisition / [ed] Peter Robinson, London: Routledge, 2013, s. 663-665Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 108.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Vowel ‘epenthesis’ in the L2 production of L1 Spanish speakers: puzzle or evidence for natural phonology?1997Inngår i: New Sounds 97.: Proceedings of the Third Symposium on the Acquisition of Second-Language Speech (University of Klagenfurt, 8-11 September 1997). / [ed] J. Leather & A. James, Klagenfurt: University of Klagenfurt , 1997Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 109.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Vowel epenthesis of /sC(C)/ onsets in Spanish/Swedish inter­phonology: A longitudinal case study1999Inngår i: Language learning, ISSN 0023-8333, E-ISSN 1467-9922, Vol. 49, nr 3, s. 473-508Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies showed that vowel epenthesis of initial /sC(C)/ clusters in the L2 production of L1 Spanish speakers is conditioned by several variable constraints, such as preceding environment, onset length, and sonority relations among onset members. This case study was designed to investigate whether the patterns obtained from elicited speech also hold for conversational data. A longitudinal corpus of spontaneous/natural speech from 1 adult L1 Spanish learner of L2 Swedish was used. The study confirmed most of the results from previous research, for example, that the frequency of epenthesis varies with preceding phonetic environment. However, the study suggested that a lowering effect of preceding vowels must be present, not just the enhancing effect of preceding consonants suggested by Carlisle (1997).

  • 110.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Bardel, Camilla
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkdidaktik.
    Bartning, Inge
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Erman, Britt
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen. English department, Stockholm.
    Fant, Lars
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Forsberg Lundell, Fanny
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Föremålet för inlärning [kap. 3]2014Inngår i: avancerad andraspråksanvändning: slutrapport från ett forskningsprogram / [ed] Kenneth Hyltenstam, Inge Bartning, Lars Fant, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag , 2014, nr 2, s. 20-46, artikkel-id M2005-0459Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 111.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Bylund, Emanuel
    Stockholms universitet.
    Andraspråksinlärning och förstaspråksutveckling i en andraspråkskontext2012Inngår i: Flerspråkighet – en forskningsöversikt / [ed] Kenneth Hyltenstam, Monica Axelsson, Inger Lindberg, Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet , 2012, s. 153-246Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 112.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Bylund, Emanuel
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Andraspråksinlärning och förstaspråksutveckling i en andraspråkskontext2012Inngår i: Flerspråkighet – en forskningsöversikt / [ed] Kenneth Hyltenstam, Monica Axelsson, Inger Lindberg, Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet , 2012, s. 153-246Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 113.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Age of L2 acquisition and degree of nativelikeness – listener perception versus linguistic scrutiny.2009Inngår i: Language learning, ISSN 0023-8333, E-ISSN 1467-9922, Vol. 59, nr 2, s. 249-306Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The incidence of nativelikeness in adult second language acquisition is a controversial issue in SLA research. Although some researchers claim that any learner, regardless of age of acquisition, can attain nativelike levels of second language (L2) proficiency, others hold that attainment of nativelike proficiency is, in principle, impossible. The discussion has traditionally been framed within the paradigm of a critical period for language acquisition and guided by the question of whether SLA is constrained by the maturation of the brain. The work presented in this article can be positioned among those studies that have focused exclusively on the apparent counterexamples to the critical period. We report on a large-scale study of Spanish/Swedish bilinguals (n = 195) with differing ages of onset of acquisition (<1–47 years), all of whom identify themselves as potentially nativelike in their L2. Listening sessions with native-speaker judges showed that only a small minority of those bilinguals who had started their L2 acquisition after age 12, but a majority of those with an age of onset below this age, were actually perceived as native speakers of Swedish. However, when a subset (n = 41) of those participants who did pass for native speakers was scrutinized in linguistic detail with a battery of 10 highly complex, cognitively demanding tasks and detailed measurements of linguistic performance, representation, and processing, none of the late learners performed within the native-speaker range; in fact, the results revealed also that only a few of the early learners exhibited actual nativelike competence and behavior on all measures of L2 proficiency that were employed. Our primary interpretation of the results is that nativelike ultimate attainment of a second language is, in principle, never attained by adult learners and, furthermore, is much less common among child learners than has previously been assumed.

  • 114.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Age of onset and nativelikeness in a second language: listener perception versus linguistic scrutiny2009Inngår i: Language learning, ISSN 0023-8333, E-ISSN 1467-9922, Vol. 59, nr 2, s. 249-306Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 115.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Barndomen - en kritisk period för språkutveckling?2010Inngår i: Barn utvecklar sitt språk: (2:a reviderade upplagan) / [ed] Louise Bjar och Caroline Liberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, 2, s. 29-56Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 116.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Barndomen – en kritisk period för språkutveck­ling?2003Inngår i: Barn utvecklar sitt språk / [ed] Louise Bjar, Caroline Liberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2003, 1. uppl., s. 29-56Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 117.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Hyltenstam, KennethStockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    High-Level L2 Acquisition, Learning, and Use: Special Issue2012Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 118.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Inlärningsålder och uppfattad inföddhet i andraspråket – lyssnarexperiment med avancerade L2-talare av svenska2006Inngår i: Nordand: nordisk tidsskrift for andrespråksforskning, ISSN 0809-9227, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 9-36Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 119.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Mognadsbegränsningar och den kritiska perioden för andraspråksinlärning2013Inngår i: Svenska som andraspråk: i forskning, undervisning och samhälle / [ed] Hyltenstam, Kenneth & Lindberg, Inger, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, 2. uppl., s. 221-257Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 120.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Mognadsbegränsningar och den kritiska perioden för andraspråks­inlärning2004Inngår i: Svenska som andraspråk: i forskning, undervisning och samhälle / [ed] Kenneth Hyltenstam, Inger Lindberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2004, s. 221-258Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 121.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    The robustness of aptitude effects in near-native second language acquisition2008Inngår i: Studies in Second Language Acquisition, ISSN 0272-2631, E-ISSN 1470-1545, Vol. 30, nr 4, s. 481-509Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Results from a number of recent studies suggest that nativelike adult second language (L2) learners possess a high degree of language learning aptitude, the positive effects of which may have compensated for the negative effects of a critical period in these learners. According to the same studies, child learners seem to attain a nativelike command of the L2 regardless of high or low aptitude, which has led researchers to conclude that this factor plays no role in early acquisition. The present study investigates the L2 proficiency and language aptitude of 42 near-native L2 speakers of Swedish (i.e., individuals whom actual mother-tongue speakers of Swedish believe are native speakers). The results confirm previous research suggesting that a high degree of language aptitude is required if adult learners are to reach a L2 proficiency that is indistinguishable from that of native speakers. However, in contrast to previous studies, the present results also identify small yet significant aptitude effects in child SLA. Our findings lead us to the conclusions that the rare nativelike adult learners sometimes observed would all turn out to be exceptionally talented language learners with an unusual ability to compensate for maturational effects and, consequently, that their nativelikeness per se does not constitute a reason to reject the critical period hypothesis.

  • 122.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    The robustness of aptitude effects in near-native second language acquisition2008Inngår i: Studies in Second Language Acquisition, ISSN 0272-2631, E-ISSN 1470-1545, Vol. 30, nr 4, s. 481-509Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 123.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Stölten, Katrin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Hyltenstam, Kenneth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Effects of age on voice onset time: The production of voiceless stops by near-native L2 speakers2008Inngår i: Processes and Outcomes: Explaining Achievement in Language Learning, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter , 2008Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 124.
    Abrahamsson, Nils-Filip
    et al.
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Institutionen för kommunikation och design.
    Blom, Fredrik
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Institutionen för kommunikation och design.
    Är du privat eller offentlig?: En studie om vad som utmärker marknadskommunikationen i en privat respektive offentlig organisation.2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The market communication in organisations is vital to manage the competition. Studies have shown the importance of market communication in both private and public organisations.

    Since the past decade market communication has been acknowledged as an instrument to provide the organisations target group with valid information.

    This thesis is a study about the differences in market communication between private and public organisations. To manage this we asked ourselves the question:

    “- What distinguish the market communication in a private respective a public organisation?”

    We have done qualitative interviews to get the best result for our study. We have interviewed both types of organisations and our respondents have leading strategic position in their organisations.

    Our research highlights important differences between private and public organisations in matter of tactics in market communication.

    In conclusion the result shows a great difference in how an organization is managing their communicative strategies all depending on if it is a private owned company or a public organisation.

  • 125.
    Abrahamsson, Ola
    Konstfack, Institutionen för Bildpedagogik (BI).
    It´s called being fabulous!: Genus och sexualitet i de visuella praktikerna kring Youtube-fenomenet Pewdiepie2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats behandlar hur olika föreställningar kring genus och sexualitet tar sig uttryck, dels i de videos som producerar på internet av karaktären Pewdiepie men också i det material som fansen genererar. Studien fokusera på en specifik videohändelse, en sekvens där Pewdiepie ikläder sig en rosa boa och bland annat säger säger ”It’s not called being gay. It’s called being fabulous!” samt vad som görs med denna händelse, hur den remedieras och tas i bruk av fansen. Detta har jag gjort genom att studera innehållet och aktiviteten på fyra bloggar.

    Det övergripande syftet med studien är att bidra till kunskaper om hur mening görs och förhandlas inom unga nätkulturer. Studiens frågeställning är följande:

    • Hur skapas föreställningar kring genus och sexualitet i Pewdiepies videos?

    • Hur omförhandlas dessa betydelser i fansens tolkande praktik?

    Fokus i undersökning ligger på (de visuella) texterna och hur mening skapas utifrån dem. En utvidgad textanalys har gjorts med utgångspunkt ifrån Norman Faircloughs kritiska diskursanalys (CDA) och en analysmodell som Simon Lindgren föreslår, kompletterat med genusteori som har bidragit med begrepp som används som ”verktyg” i analysen.

    Analysen visar att videohändelsen kan ses ge uttryck för en mängd olika och delvis motstridiga föreställningar kopplade till genus och sexualitet. Mycket av Pewdiepiesa gerande kan dock sägas vara grundat i en heteronormativ kultur. Detta ger sig till känna bland annat genom att Pewdiepie i videosekvensen överdriver och parodierar föreställningen om homosexualitet för att på detta sätt påtala att det är en annan sexuell läggning än heterosexualitet. Analysen visar bland annat att humor i form av förlöjligande kan spela en roll för att upprätthålla traditionella könsroller.

    Studie belyser vidare hur fansen i sin (visuellt) tolkande praktik konstruerar, omförhandlar och utvecklar positioner i sin respons på den aktuella videohändelsen. En tolkningsgemenskap som har framträtt i analysen av bloggarna är slashproducenterna. Slashproducenterna gör queera läsningar, vilket innebär ompositioneringar av texter bortom heteronormativa gränsdragningar.

    Avslutningsvis diskuteras vilka pedagogiska tankar som denna undersökning kan aktualiseraoch problematisera. Studien argumenterar bl.a. för att du som lärare genom att inkluderabilder och blickar som utmanar rådande normer kan arbeta för att förändraföreställningsvärldar och därmed öppna upp för en bredare tolerans.

  • 126.
    Abramowska, Magdalena
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Grafisk teknologi.
    Ehnlund, Isabell
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Grafisk teknologi.
    Snowboardens bildspråk 1980-2010: En kartläggning2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Snowboarding är idag en stor vintersport med egen utrustning, kultur och egna elitåkare. För de professionella åkarna eller för de som bara åker för nöjes skull är snowboard en förlängning av deras kropp i rörelse. 

    Utformingen av brädorna har förändrats med åren och trots detta saknas vetenskapliga studier inom området. Därför syftar föreliggande undersökning till att kartlägga hur bildspråket hos 240 snowboardar har utvecklats mellan 1980-2010, och därmed fylla en del av detta tomrum som uppkommit i den vetenskapliga dokumentationen. 

    Denna undersökning har baserats på en visuell innehållsanalys vilket resulterade i intressanta observationer. Resultaten som framkom var att svaren går att generalisera och att utvecklingen av bildspråket har förändrats under olika årtionden. Snowboardarna från de olika årtiondena har specifika särdrag som denna undersökning belyser.

  • 127.
    Abreu, Ariadna
    Kungl. Musikhögskolan, Institutionen för klassisk musik.
    Examenskonsert2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 128.
    Abshirini, Ehsan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Geodesi och geoinformatik.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Visibility Analysis, Similarity and Dissimilarity in General Trends of Building Layouts and their Functions2013Inngår i: Proceedings of Ninth International Space Syntax Symposium / [ed] Young Ook Kim, Hoon Tae Park, Kyung Wook Seo, Seoul: Sejong University Press , 2013, s. 11:1-11:15Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Visibility analysis is one of the key methods in space syntax theory that discusses visual information conveyed to observers from any location in space that is potentially directly visible for the observer without any obstruction. Visibility – simply defined as what we can see – not only affects the spatial function of buildings, but also has visual relation to the perception of buildings by inhabitants and visitors. In this paper we intend to present the result of visibility analysis applied on a sample of building layouts of different sizes and functions from a variety of places of periods. The main aim of this paper is to statistically explore the general trends of building layouts and show if and how visibility properties such as connectivity, clustering coefficient, mean depth, entropy, and integration values can make distinctions among different functions of buildings. Our findings reveal that there are significant correlation coefficients among global properties of visibility in which we consider the mean value of properties, a similarity suggesting that they are not intensively manipulated by architecture. On the other hand, there are correlations although less so than the previous, still significant among local properties of visibility in which we consider the (max-min) value of properties, suggesting that social, cultural or other physical parameters distinguish buildings individually. We also show that functions such as ‘museum’ and ‘veterinary’ are relatively well-clustered, while functions such as ‘ancient’ and ‘shopping’ show high diversity. In addition, using a decision tree model we show that, in our sample, functions such as ‘museum’ and ‘library’ are more predictable rather than functions such as ‘hospital’ and ‘shopping.’ All of these mean that – at least in our sample – the usability and applicability of well-clustered and well-predicted functions have been predominant in shaping their interior spaces; vice versa, in well-diverse and unpredicted functions, the pragmatic solutions of people’s daily life developed in material culture affect the visual properties of their interior spaces.

  • 129.
    Abshirini, Ehsan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Geoinformatik.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Legeby, Ann
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Flood hazard and its impact on the resilience of cities: An accessibility-based approach to amenities in the city of Gothenburg, Sweden2017Inngår i: Proceedings - 11th International Space Syntax Symposium, SSS 2017, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Departamento de Engenharia Civil, Arquitetura e Georrecursos , 2017, s. 36.1-36.15Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the wake of climate change and its impact on increasing the number and intensity of floods, adaptability of cities to and resistance against the flood hazard is critical to retain functionality of the cities. Vulnerability of urban infrastructure and its resilience to flooding from different points of view have been important and worth investigating for experts in different fields of science. Flood hazards as physical phenomena are influenced by form of the cities and thus the magnitude of their impacts can be intensified by urban infrastructures such as street networks and buildings (Bacchin et. al, 2011). In this paper, we aim to develop a method to assess the resilience of a river city (the city of Gothenburg in Sweden), which is prone to flood events, against such disturbances and find out how the city reacts to river floods and to what extent the city retains its accessibility to essential amenities after a flood occurs. To do so, collecting required data; we, firstly, simulate flood inundation with two different return periods (50 and 1000 years) and then the impact areas overlay on the street networks. Evaluating the resilience of the city, syntactic properties of the street networks before and after flooding are measured at different scales. Additionally, accessibility and the minimum distance of the street networks to essential amenities such as healthcare centers, schools and commercial centers, at a medium distance (3 Km) is examined. The results show that flooding influences the city configuration at global scale more than the local scale based on comparison of syntactic properties before and after flooding. However, the results of accessibility and the minimum distance show that the impact of flooding on the functionality of the city is more limited to the riparian areas and the city is not affected globally.

  • 130. Abu-Deeb, Kamal
    Al- Jurjani's Theory of Poetic Imagery1979Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 131.
    Abu-Deeb, Kamal
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Språk och medier, Arabiska.
    al-Sūnaytāt aw al-tawāshīḥ al-kāmilah: bi-al-lughatayn al-ʻArabīyah wa-al-Inklīzīyah2012Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 132.
    Abu-Deeb, Kamal
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Språk och medier, Arabiska.
    الأدب العجائبي والعالم الغرائبي: في كتاب العظمة وفن السرد العربي2007Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 133.
    Abu-Deeb, Kamal
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Språk och medier, Arabiska.
    السذاجة العربيةفي مواجهة الدهاء الأوروبي2011Inngår i: الحياةArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 134. Abu-Deeb, Kamal
    جماليات التجاور: أو تشابك الفضاءات الإبداعية1998Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 135. Abu-Deeb, Kamal
    عذابات المتنبي: في صحبة كمال أبو ديب والعكس بالعكس 201 هجرية ـ2001 ميلادية1996Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 136.
    Abu-Deeb, Kamal
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Språk och medier, Arabiska.
    قليلا من العقل يا سورية2011Inngår i: القدس العربيArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 137.
    Abu-Deeb, Kamal
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Språk och medier, Arabiska.
    كتاب الحرية2012Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 138.
    Abu-Deeb, Kamal
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Språk och medier, Arabiska.
    Nabsh, Dalal
    ديوان التدبيج: فتنة الإبداع وذروة الإمتاع2010Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 139.
    Abulwassie, Nasser
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande.
    Unhomely Lives: Double Consciousness in Jamaica Kincaid’s The Autobiography of My Mother2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This essay argues that Jamaica Kincaid’s The Autobiography of My Mother depicts how the indigenous colonized in Dominica are living ‘unhomely lives’ and that their experience is one of the double consciousness. i.e. when a person see the world through different "lenses." The person does not only have a dual personality but also feels the notion of having different roles in society, such as having a black identity and at the same time conforming to the stereotypical norms of the white society for a black person. Therefore, the person sees the world, and oneself, through one’s own “black” lens and the “white” lens at the same time. Subsequently, with a setting full of diversities, the novel depicts a colonial background where the characters have been ascribed certain features to their persona. Furthermore, the novel uses metaphors to show a futile endeavor of finding identity of the main characters in an ineluctable power structure. By utilizing the postcolonial theoretical framework; mainly Du Bois’s notion on ‘double consciousness’ and Bhabha’s term ‘unhomely lives’ which means to grow up between two cultures, to live on borders and in margins and not feel at ease in either sides, expands the readers understanding of the text. A central aspect of the novel is the alienation of an individual’s personal identity in the context of a postcolonial society. Therefore, the psychology of the novel’s characters will be a major theme of this essay. Nevertheless, the novel shows that it is hard for the characters Alfred and Xuela to break free from the bonds of society.

  • 140.
    Abusabib, Mohamed
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Art, politics, and cultural identification in Sudan2004Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 141.
    Abusabib, Mohamed
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM, estetik och kulturstudier.
    Back to Mangu Zambiri: Art, Politics and Identity in Northern Sudan2001Inngår i: New Political Sciences, Vol. 23, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 142.
    Abusabib, Mohamed
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM, estetik och kulturstudier.
    Political Islam and the Arts: the Sudanese Experience2001Inngår i: ISIM Newsletter, nr 8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 143.
    Abusabib, Mohamed
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM, estetik och kulturstudier.
    The Concept of Sudanism in Ahmed A. Zein Alabdin's Thought,2000Inngår i: Kitabat Sudaniyya, nr 12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The article reflects, in a critical mode, on the cultural basis of modern Sudanese visual art as perceived by Zein Alabdin, the late Sudanese art historian.

  • 144.
    Abusabib, Mohamed
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM, estetik och kulturstudier.
    The Impact of Islam on African Art: The Sudanese Example1995Inngår i: Islamic Art and Culture in Sub-Saharan AfricaArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 145.
    Abusabib, Mohamed A.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM, estetik och kulturstudier.
    African art: an aesthetic inquiry1995Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 146.
    Aceli, Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för genus, kultur och historia.
    Salome och mansmordet: Slutet på den maskulina traditionen. En studie i Ann Jäderlunds Salome2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Salome is the myth of the Oriental princess who dances for her stepfather, Herod the tetrark at his banquet. He becomes so enchanted by Salome's dance that he allows her to wish for what she wants. On the advice of Queen Herodias, Salome's mother, she asks the head of prophet John on a platter. Herod is horrified, but grants Salome's desire.

    This is the first in a series of Salome petitions as Mark and Matthew in the New Testament. Salome has since then never ceased to fascinate artists and writers through the ages. From the medieval petitions with the focus on Salome's dance of the Renaissance with the shift from dance to John the Baptist's head on a plate, the romanticism of Heine and the amazing climax in the late 1800s feverish petitions, symbolism, decadence and modernism's painterly hallucinations of Salome as the castrating woman par excellence, of Salome as the terrifying Femme Fatale and "La belle dame sans merci".

    Ann Jäderlund's Salome is the latest of Salome petitions of all time. An unbroken tradition of  a blood-red thread spinning throughout history, from Biblical days until our days, and postmodernism. Jäderlund's Salome is a fascinating creation, just as exciting and alarming as the  Salome character herself. The sliding movement between irony and sentimentality in the narration of the text is a complication, and one senses that the author's intentions are far more complex than what the current research today suggests. How can we understand the incomprehensible, the recurrent male-killing in the play? Literally and realistic in feminist psychoanalytic tradition, or figuratively and symbolically, in accordance with the mature and masculine tradition? Should we focus on the content of the text as the gender-oriented studies sought to assert, or should we instead focus attention on the text and dramaform as such? What happens if you problematised Jäderlund's drama based on Peter Szondi's and Mats Ödeen's genre determinations, is it possible at all to identify Salome as a modern drama then, or are moving in a new land, in such a postmodernist? And what characterizes in this case this as compared to the prior art tradition?

    These questions may form the basis for my thesis after prolonged inability to find a theoretical input to a text reminding much about the author's other works, a lyrical souterraine to get lost in, to immerse and musical dream of, and be attracted to as be attracted to a dark star or the surrealist black sun. The black sun of the soul with its dazzling, and at once obscure perversion.

  • 147.
    Acerbi, Alberto
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning.
    Ghirlanda, Stefano
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning. Brooklyn College, USA.
    Enquist, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning. Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Zoologiska institutionen.
    Regulatory traits: Cultural influences on cultural evolution2014Inngår i: Evolution, Complexity and Artificial Life / [ed] Stefano Cagnoni, Marco Mirolli, Marco Villani, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2014, s. 135-147Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We use the term regulatory traits to indicate traits that both regulate cultural transmission (e.g., from whom to learn) and are themselves culturally transmitted. In the first part of this contribution we study the dynamics of some of these traits through simple mathematical models. In particular, we consider the cultural evolution of traits that determine the propensity to copy others, the ability to influence others, the number of individuals from whom one may copy, and the number of individuals one tries to influence. We then show how to extend these simple models to address more complex human cultural phenomena, such as ingroup biases, the emergence of open or conservative societies, and of cyclical, fashion-like, increases and decreases of popularity of cultural traits. We finally discuss how the ubiquity of regulatory traits in cultural evolution impacts on the analogy between genetic and cultural evolution and therefore on the possibility of using models inspired by evolutionary biology to study human cultural dynamics.

  • 148.
    Acerbi, Alberto
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning.
    Ghirlanda, Stefano
    Honors Academy and Department of Psychology, Brooklyn College, New York, US.
    Enquist, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Zoologiska institutionen, Avdelningen för etologi.
    Regulatory Traits in Cultural Evolution2012Inngår i: Proceedings of WiVACE 2012, Università degli Studi di Parma , 2012, s. 1-9Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We call \regulatory traits" those cultural traits that aretransmitted through cultural interactions and, at the same time, changeindividual behaviors directly inuencing the outcome of future culturalinteractions. The cultural dynamics of some of those traits are studiedthrough simple simulations. In particular, we consider the cultural evolu-tion of traits determining the propensity to copy, the number of potentialdemonstrators from whom one individual may copy, and conformist ver-sus anti{conformist attitudes. Our results show that regulatory traitsgenerate peculiar dynamics that may explain complex human culturalphenomena. We discuss how the existence and importance of regulatorytraits in cultural evolution impact on the analogy between genetic andcultural evolution and therefore on the possibility of using evolutionarybiology{inspired models to study human cultural dynamics.

  • 149.
    Acerbi, Alberto
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning.
    Nunn, Charles
    Harvard University, Department of Human Evolutionary Biology.
    Predation and the phasing of sleep: an evolutionary individual-based model2011Inngår i: Animal Behaviour, ISSN 0003-3472, E-ISSN 1095-8282, Vol. 81, nr 4, s. 801-811Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    All mammals thus far studied sleep, yet important questions remain concerning the ecological factors that influence sleep patterns. Here, we developed an evolutionary individual-based model to investigate the effect of predation pressure on prey sleep. We investigated three ecological conditions, including one that assumed a dynamic interaction between predator and prey behaviour. In condition 1, we found that monophasic predators (i.e. with one sleep bout per 24 h) select for monophasic prey that sleep perfectly out of phase with predators. In condition 2, predators were monophasic but the safety of prey varied as a function of their activity (sleeping versus awake). In this condition, the prey adjusted their sleeping behaviour to lower the risk of predation. Finally, in condition 3, we modelled a more dynamic interaction between predator and prey, with predator activity dependent on prey activity in the previous hour. In this scenario, the prey adjusted their behaviour relative to one another, resulting in either greater or lesser synchrony in prey as a function of predator searching behaviour. Collectively, our model demonstrates that predator behaviour can have a strong influence on prey sleep patterns, including whether prey are monophasic or polyphasic (i.e. with many sleep bouts per 24 h). The model further suggests that the timing of sleep relative to predator behaviour may depend strongly on how other potential prey partition the activity period.

  • 150.
    Acerbi, Alberto
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning.
    O. Jacquet, Pierre
    Tennie, Claudio
    Behavioral constraints and the evolution of faithful social learning2012Inngår i: Current Zoology, ISSN 1674-5507, Vol. 58, nr 2, s. 307-318Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Behavioral “traditions”, i.e. behavioral patterns that are acquired with the aid of social learning and that are relativelystable in a group, have been observed in several species. Recently, however, it has been questioned whether non-human sociallearning is faithful enough to stabilize those patterns. The observed stability could be interpreted as a result of various constraintsthat limit the number of possible alternative behaviors, rather than of the fidelity of transmission mechanisms. Those constraints canbe roughly described as “internal”, such as mechanical (bodily) properties or cognitive limitations and predispositions, and “external”, such as ecological availability or pressures. Here we present an evolutionary individual-based model that explores the relationships between the evolution of faithful social learning and behavioral constraints, represented both by the size of the behavioral repertoire and by the “shape” of the search space of a given task. We show that the evolution of high-fidelity transmission mechanisms, when associated with costs (e.g. cognitive, biomechanical, energetic, etc.), is only likely if the potential behavioral repertoire of a species is large and if the search space does not provide information that can be exploited by individual learning. Moreover we show how stable behavioral patterns (“traditions”) can be achieved at the population level as an outcome of both high-fidelity and low-fidelity transmission mechanisms, given that the latter are coupled with a small behavioral repertoire or with a search space that provide substantial feedback. Finally, by introducing the possibility of environmental change, we show that intermediaterates of change favor the evolution of faithful social learning.

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