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  • 1.
    Abusabib, Mohamed A.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM, estetik och kulturstudier.
    African art: an aesthetic inquiry1995Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2.
    Adjam, Maryam
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Etnologi. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Minnesspår: Hågkomstens rum och rörelse i skuggan av flykt2017Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Focusing on the memories of Estonian refugees moving to Sweden in the wake of World War II, I analyze the concepts of “memory space” and history within the framework of the Escape as a master narrative. Following the research participants to the sites of their memories in Estonia and Sweden today, raised the questions what constitutes a lived memory space, and how is history defined within it?

    Through a combination of a phenomenological analysis of memory’s lived ex­perience, using Walter Benjamin’s concept of montage as radical remembering and its dialectical relation to history, I show how embodied memories shape their own space, a space not always framed by historical master narratives and identity posi­tions, but rather a searching space that is always changing. Dealing with the politics of place and representations, these memories are constantly loaded and unloaded with meaning. Yet the space of lived memory is not always a creation of meaning. Walking around, searching for traces, a memory space confronts the place and maps its own geography. It turns to a spatial and temporal flow, which intertwines place and experience, and erases the past and future as homogeneous categories. It is a living space of memory, rather than a memorial space of representations.

    The analysis focuses further on the tensions between remembering as a dialogue with history and memory’s ongoing acts of embodied experience. The position of in-betweenness appears in these stories of escape, not as a state of in-between home and away, past and present, but rather as an ongoing space-making process be­tween different modes and layers of memory. This is a process aware of the constant changes in the understandings of both history and personal experiences, intertwin­ing these new interpretations with embodied memory and thereby constantly add­ing new layers of experience to it. Memory’s tracing illuminates a memory poetics of the meanwhile and the in-between, which refuses historical closure.

  • 3.
    Adolfsson, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusstudier.
    Fäderneslandets kännedom: om svenska ortsbeskrivningsprojekt och ämbetsmäns folklivsskildringar under 1700- och 1800-talet2000Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    During the period c. 1720-1900 a large quantity of descriptions of rural areas in Sweden were set down on paper. Some 700 local descriptions were printed at the time or have appeared in print during the twentieth century. The most common geographical unit for local descriptions is the parish. As a rule the author was a public servant, and the clergy in particular were industrious local descriptive writers.

    In part the aim of this thesis is to present the Swedish local description projects and local descriptive literature as a phenomenon of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. A further aim is to investigate the way the folklife descriptions which come into most of the local descriptions are constituted for the period c. 1750-1850.

    The local descriptions which form the main object of analysis and discussion in the thesis comprise contemporary delineations which came into being in order to achieve an economic-topographical description of the country, where agriculture and the individual economy of the common man were the focus of attention. These descriptions to a certain extent define the problems the authors associate with the economic life of the countryside and way of life of the population.

    Local descriptions constitute a particular category of geographical delineation and have either come into being on the author's own initiative, in reply to a particular institution or the questionnaire of a particular person, or as an academic dissertation. The authors of local descriptions are in most cases connected with the area they describe. The work was mainly carried out by voluntary effort.

    The idea of the need for a national and methodically organised inventorying of resources associated with the physical environment was the most important reason for undertaking local description projects. These Swedish local descriptions were one of several important cornerstones in the endeavours of the State to increase the population, income from taxes, and welfare in general. Local descriptions constituted materialised visions of optimism for growth, and a better and happier future for the country and its inhabitants, in the modern Sweden which was beginning to emerge in the mid-eighteenth century. Another overall aim was to improve the moral status of the peasantry and promote in them a moral and virtuous way of life. The enlightenment of the common man thereby became a didactic matter, touched on in many local descriptions. This process was not unique to Sweden; corresponding efforts took place in a whole host of other European countries.

    The selection of sixty or so local descriptions studied in this thesis are characterised to a great extent by dualistic tendencies on the part of the public servants in their writings about, and interpretations of, peasant character and the state of the agricultural economy. Descriptions of the noble and exemplary true Swedish peasant faithful to his king, hospitable and honest are combined with descriptions of those same people's immodest consumption of spirits, lack of foresight, inclination to the "superstitious", and pernicious love of material things. In actual fact local descriptive writings consisted of an encounter: on the one side between more abstract and political discourses which contained thoughts of an ideal social organisation and the true nature of a population; while on the other side were the everyday experiences of separate writers vis a vis the qualities and situations of the local peasant population, compiled from their position as objectively observing public servants.

  • 4.
    Ahlzén, Rolf
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för hälsa och miljö.
    Why should physicians read?: Understanding clinical judgement and its relation to literary experience2010Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Is literary experience of any practical relevance to the clinician? This is the overall question addressed by this investigation, which starts by tracing the historical roots of scientific medicine. These are found to be intimately linked to a form of rationality associated with the scientific revolution of the 17th century and with “modernity”. Medical practice, however, is dependent also on another form of rationality associated with what Stephen Toulmin calls “the epistemology of the biographical”. The very core of clinical medicine is shown to be the clinical encounter, an interpretive meeting where the illness experience is at the centre of attention. The physician can reach the goals of medicine only by developing clinical judgement. Clinical judgement is subjected to close analysis and is assumed to be intimately connected to the form of knowledge Aristotle called phronesis.

    In order to explore how literature – drama, novels, poetry – may be related to clinical judgement, a view of literature is presented that emphasizes literature as an invitation to the reader, to be met responsibly and responsively. Literature carries a potential for a widened experience, for a more nuanced perception of reality – and this potential is suggested to be ethically relevant to the practice of medicine. The “narrative rationality” of a literary text constitutes a complement to the rationality pervading scientific medicine.

    The final step in my analysis is a closer exploration of the potential of the literary text to contribute to the growth of clinical judgement, in relation to the challenges of everyday clinical work. Some of the conditions that may facilitate such growth are outlined, but it is also shown that full empirical evidence for the beneficial effects of reading on the clinician reader is beyond reach.

  • 5.
    Allardt Ljunggren, Barbro
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Åland som språksamhälle: Språk och språkliga attityder på Åland ur ett ungdomsperspektiv2008Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The present thesis deals with Åland, i.e. the Åland Islands, as a language environment. Its main focus is on the language attitudes of adolescents. The status, role and use of Swedish, Finnish and English are topical. Its main part consists of an empirical study, which is based on an extensive questionnaire answered by students in grade 9 of primary school and in the second grade of the (theoretical) secondary school in Åland.

    The thesis includes a description of Åland as a language environment. The legal framework making Åland an autonomous region in Finland with Swedish as the only official language is presented. Language policies in Åland are compared with those of Sweden and Finland (outside of Åland). Special treatment is given to the school as a linguistic environment and recent language related debate in Åland.

    The central questions in the questionnaire relate to language choice, media habits, subjective estimations of the respondents’ own language competence and language attitudes in a broad sense.

    Six hypotheses based on a model of secure and insecure majorities and minorities as well as the Interactive Acculturation Model are postulated and treated.

    The results of the empirical study reveal very strong feelings of affinity towards Åland. Attitudes towards English and English-speakers are in general positive. The results reveal somewhat ambivalent attitudes towards Finnish and Finland. Many variables show a tendency among the respondents to favour Sweden ahead of Finland and negative attitudes towards Finnish but there are also other conflicting results. The respondents who have parents who speak Finnish to them display more positive attitudes towards Finnish and Finland. These differences between the groups are statistically significant. However, the group with a Finnish language background also displays its strongest feelings of affinity towards Åland.

  • 6.
    Almgren Mason, Suzanne
    Dept. of Culture and Media/Ethnology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Life in the Labyrinth: A Reflexive Exploration of Research and Politics2002Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about exploring the politics within and around research. The starting point is a European project which ran from late 1997 to the end of 2000. It was called "Self-employment activities concerning women and mi­norities: their success or failure in relation to social citizenship policies" and had as its objective to provide the EU-Commission with recommendations for improved self-employment policies. Background material was comple­mented by interviews with "experts", but the main source of information was in the form of biographical interviews with the self-employed, or for­merly self-employed, themselves. The qualitative method was used as a way of researching how individuals' background and experiences influenced their decision to become self-employed as well as their tendency to use labour market policies available for starting businesses. It was also a way to find out how those policies impacted on the individuals' lives. The conse­quent recommendations included a suggestion for broadening existing policies to comprise social aspects as well as financial allowances, and also the caution that self-employment was perhaps not the best solution to labour market and social exclusion.

    This latter doubt arose during project work, as did questions about methodology, the role of the researcher, and eventually about the politics that inform research. Only briefly touched upon in the project reports, these issues instead became the basis for the thesis. A reflexive rereading of the Final Report led to a critical examination of the political uses of con­cepts and categories, of how stereotypes affect research, and of the embeddedness in ethnocentric discourses of both research and researcher. The use of postcolonial and feminist theory, discourse analysis and a social constructionist perspective broadened the analytical possibilities and fur­thered understanding of the connections between politics and research. A conclusion is that a comprehensive change in the social order as well as in people's conscience is required to stem ethnic discrimination in society and the perpetuation of stereotypes and preconstructed categories in research.

  • 7.
    Almgren Mason, Suzanne
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Kultur och medier.
    Life in the labyrinth: a reflexive exploration of research and politics2002Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about exploring the politics within and around research. The starting point is a European project which ran from late 1997 to the end of 2000. It was called "Self-employment activities concerning women and mi­norities: their success or failure in relation to social citizenship policies" and had as its objective to provide the EU-Commission with recommendations for improved self-employment policies. Background material was comple­mented by interviews with "experts", but the main source of information was in the form of biographical interviews with the self-employed, or for­merly self-employed, themselves. The qualitative method was used as a way of researching how individuals' background and experiences influenced their decision to become self-employed as well as their tendency to use labour market policies available for starting businesses. It was also a way to find out how those policies impacted on the individuals' lives. The conse­quent recommendations included a suggestion for broadening existing policies to comprise social aspects as well as financial allowances, and also the caution that self-employment was perhaps not the best solution to labour market and social exclusion.

    This latter doubt arose during project work, as did questions about methodology, the role of the researcher, and eventually about the politics that inform research. Only briefly touched upon in the project reports, these issues instead became the basis for the thesis. A reflexive rereading of the Final Report led to a critical examination of the political uses of con­cepts and categories, of how stereotypes affect research, and of the embeddedness in ethnocentric discourses of both research and researcher. The use of postcolonial and feminist theory, discourse analysis and a social constructionist perspective broadened the analytical possibilities and fur­thered understanding of the connections between politics and research. A conclusion is that a comprehensive change in the social order as well as in people's conscience is required to stem ethnic discrimination in society and the perpetuation of stereotypes and preconstructed categories in research.

  • 8.
    Alroth, Brita
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten.
    Greek gods and figurines: aspects of the anthropomorphic dedications1989Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    Amft, Andrea
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Arkeologi och samiska studier.
    Sápmi i förändringens tid: en studie av svenska samers levnadsvillkor under 1900-talet ur ett genus- och etnicitetsperspektiv2000Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation is a study of the changing living conditions for the Sami in Swedish Såpmi (Samiland) throughout the twentieth century with an analysis based on a gender and ethnic perspective.

    At the turn of the century, the Sami lived as nomadic reindeer herders and were primarily self- sufficient. This changed as the reindeer herders shifted from a self-sufficient lifestyle to a money economy tor a variety of reasons. Over time they became more integrated in the dominant Swedish society and even more dependent on it. Reindeer herding has become increasingly mechanized since the I960's with rationalizations as a result. Even in to the 1990's the industry was the object of streamlining ettorts. A process of masculinization has also occurred and today's reindeer herding is a distinctly male coded profession. Women do not regularly participate in the daily work of reindeer breeding and their ability to have any direct influence on the herding districts (sameby) is limited. This is also largely true in terms of the Sami Parliament, the Sami popularly elected body.

    The Sami population has experienced unfavorable special legislation and regulation from the State. The population was divided into several different categories with different rights. Sami women were marginalized two-fold and subordinated, partly because of their ethnic affiliation (as Sami) and partly because of their sex (as women). This continues to be true today.

    The analysis of gender division of labor shows that a married couple had their own autonomous areas of power within the household. The wife was however still subordinate to her husband in his role as master of the family. The older reindeer herding society was not noted for its equality. There was a distinct hierarchy based on sex, age, and social status. Division of labor in modern reindeer breeding is in principle based on the same normative system as the older nomadic society.

    The study of the ethnic processes in Såpmi shows among other things that from a Sami perspective, a person is Sami who is related to other Sami and whose actions are based on a Sami identity. It is also clear today that there are many different Sami identities, that an individual person draws from a number of such identities and that it is the context that determines which of these are active in any given situation. The Sami identity is sex-based, i.e. there is a difference between a "male Sami" and a "female Sami." Sami women, unlike Sami men, cannot be politically active while also being active based on their sexual identity. Were they to do so, they would be excluded by definition from their ethnic group. Sami women must therefore subordinate themselves as women to be "genuine" Sami. They thereby contribute to their own marginalization and help maintain their own subordinated position in the Sami society.

  • 10.
    Andersson, Jakob
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik och filologi.
    Kingship in the Early Mesopotamian Onomasticon 2800–2200 BCE2012Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Thousands of Sumerian and Old Akkadian personal names from 3rd millennium BCE Meso-potamia are known and documented. The present study inspects names containing the royal appellatives, Sumerian lugal and Akkadian śarrum. The study aims at uncovering the rela-tionships between personal names and the development of early historical kingship and reli-gious thought in the area.

    An overview of Sumerian and Old Akkadian names and name-giving serves as a starting point for semantic investigations of lugal- and śarrum-names. Sumerian and Old Akkadian names are to a large extent meaningful, and the literal meaning can be used to arrive at an understanding of the symbolic value, which led to the coining of the name. Discussions rely on comparable passages of contemporary and later written traditions.

    To facilitate discussion and comparisons between the languages, names are divided into semantic groups based on characteristic traits found in contemporary royal inscriptions and religious texts. Parallel constructions are noted whenever such constructions are known. Names are assigned human or divine referents when possible. A look at political and religious developments puts the distribution of certain name types over time and space into perspective. Local and regional traditions and types are displayed and related either to royal ideological traits or to theological speculation. Besides locally significant gods, a few other deities can be identified as referents in names. A brief statistical overview of different archives shows that names featuring the figure of the lugal experience an increase in popularity at the expense of  other types.

    A system of annotation gives approximate numbers for bearers of names belonging to the types investigated. Lists of attestations, which document date and archival context, form the basis for discussions and conclusions and make the material available for inspection and further exploration.

  • 11.
    Andersson, Joakim
    Linköpings universitet, Tema Kultur och samhälle.
    Skilda världar: Samtida föreställningar om kulturarvsplatser2008Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kulturarvsplatser kan betraktas på olika sätt av olika människor. Samtidigt finns kol-lektiva föreställningar om hur en kulturarvsplats bör förstås. Mellan dessa utgångs-punkter sker förhandlingar om kulturarvsplatsens betydelse och värde. Syftet med studien är att förstå hur en plats, institutionellt utpekad som kulturarv, används och iscensätts genom mångsidiga och korsande praktiker, både via media och på plats.

    Två fall undersöks som har olika inriktningar men båda inom svensk kulturmiljö-vård: kulturreservatet komministerbostället Råshult i sydvästra Kronoberg i Småland som är botanikern Carl von Linnés födelseplats och den publika uppdragsarkeologiska verksamheten i Slättbygdsprojektet i västra Östergötland. Frågorna berör vilka arenor medieringen sker, dess tematik/innehåll, iscensättningen av kulturarvet samt hur besö-karna uppfattar sitt besök av platsen och de strategiska aktörernas visioner för platsen. Metodiskt följs en tänkt besökares väg till kulturarvsplatsen och faktiska besökare vid platsen.

    Både i slättbygdens undersökningsrum och vid Linnés Råshult synliggörs den kollektiva föreställningarna som huvudsakligen en vetenskaplig studieplats och en skattkammare för särskilt värdefulla ting. Besökarna lyfter dock fram de sociala aspekterna av besöket. Besökarens tolkning existerar och konkurrerar med andra bilder av platserna. Det saknas dock arenor som synliggör och sätter dessa i förbindelse med de strategiska aktörerna, trots mycket offentligt tal om demokratisering av kulturarvs-processerna under senare år. Olika materials bilder har på så sätt lagts jämte varandra för att synliggöra dynamik, förhandling, konkurrens och bristande dialog kring en plats.

  • 12.
    Andersson, Joakim
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för studier av samhällsutveckling och kultur, Tema Kultur och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Skilda världar: Samtida föreställningar om kulturarvsplatser2008Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kulturarvsplatser kan betraktas på olika sätt av olika människor. Samtidigt finns kol-lektiva föreställningar om hur en kulturarvsplats bör förstås. Mellan dessa utgångs-punkter sker förhandlingar om kulturarvsplatsens betydelse och värde. Syftet med studien är att förstå hur en plats, institutionellt utpekad som kulturarv, används och iscensätts genom mångsidiga och korsande praktiker, både via media och på plats.

    Två fall undersöks som har olika inriktningar men båda inom svensk kulturmiljö-vård: kulturreservatet komministerbostället Råshult i sydvästra Kronoberg i Småland som är botanikern Carl von Linnés födelseplats och den publika uppdragsarkeologiska verksamheten i Slättbygdsprojektet i västra Östergötland. Frågorna berör vilka arenor medieringen sker, dess tematik/innehåll, iscensättningen av kulturarvet samt hur besö-karna uppfattar sitt besök av platsen och de strategiska aktörernas visioner för platsen. Metodiskt följs en tänkt besökares väg till kulturarvsplatsen och faktiska besökare vid platsen.

    Både i slättbygdens undersökningsrum och vid Linnés Råshult synliggörs den kollektiva föreställningarna som huvudsakligen en vetenskaplig studieplats och en skattkammare för särskilt värdefulla ting. Besökarna lyfter dock fram de sociala aspekterna av besöket. Besökarens tolkning existerar och konkurrerar med andra bilder av platserna. Det saknas dock arenor som synliggör och sätter dessa i förbindelse med de strategiska aktörerna, trots mycket offentligt tal om demokratisering av kulturarvs-processerna under senare år. Olika materials bilder har på så sätt lagts jämte varandra för att synliggöra dynamik, förhandling, konkurrens och bristande dialog kring en plats.

  • 13.
    Andersson, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi, Etnologiska avdelningen.
    Arbetslöshet och arbetsfrihet: Moral, makt och motstånd2003Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Unemployment is constructed as a problem by institutions and individuals, at a structural as well as individual level. In the "black discourse" of unemployment, power is produced by talking and naming, by symbolic images, by dichotomisation and hierarchisation of categories based on the fundamental dichotomy of nature/reason, but also by feelings, actions and bodies. The well-being of the unemployed is constantly threatened by this discourse, yet they nevertheless reproduce it when necessary. But there is resistance to all this. First, there is a resistance against politicians and former employees in particular and elites in general. Then there is a reflexive resistance, characterised by a critique and de-legitimation of the myths of unemployment and thereby the modern work ethic. This depreciation of values and a relativistic standpoint is seen here as a sign of a representational crisis. In the practising of a life free from work, I also see a kind of resistance. The women seem to need what I call an "existential space", sometimes fulfilled in unemployment. The men living happily without work seem to need an ideological legitimation of this, rejecting the materialistic lifestyle in the contemporary western world. Finally, I see a kind of "practised resistance" (often unintended) in alternative outcome, such as the mutual help in a "moral economy", small-scale cultivating, fishing and hunting and economic strategies. Since the discourse of unemployment is motivated by the relation between the modern institutions of wage labour and capitalism, the activities based on other relations, such as reciprocity and non-consumption in this case, can be defined as a kind of resistance. It is a resistance readable in the effect, not the intention, of it.

  • 14.
    Arell, Nils
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten.
    Rennomadismen i Torne lappmark: markanvändning under kolonisationsepoken i fr.a. Enontekis socken1977Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 15. Arketeg, Åsa
    An aesthetics of resistance: the open-ended practice of language writing2007Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation investigates the relation between poetry and theory in the poetic practice of language writing. The topic is approached from the idea that language writing takes place in the tension of an open-ended state. In Chapter 1 it is argued that language writing is constituted in relation to a poetic context, and that it reactivates traits intrinsic to the avant-garde discourse, which corresponds to some characteristics in poststructuralism and critical theory. These perspectives appear in the poetic practice of language writing in terms of a rejection of transparency and separation. The stress on construction in language and writing eliminates the distinction between theory and poetry. It is argued that language writing cannot be seen as a movement in the traditional sense of the word since the poetic work resists aesthetic coherence. The heterogeneity of language writing confirms theory's contribution to the poetic practice but without creating a separation between the two. The first section of Chapter 2 addresses the l=a=n=g=u=a=g=e journal with a focus on a poetological context, avant-garde discourse, theory and criticism. The texts in this journal activate the open-ended state by acknowledging context and theory while they simultaneously reject the conventional style of the essay or the review. In the second section of this chapter, in the analysis of four language writers, Bruce Andrews, Charles Bernstein, Lyn Hejinian and Ron Silliman, it is argued that their poetic practice eliminates the distinction between poetry and poetics since poetry emerges as a critical study in itself, where self-reflexivity prevents the creation of poetry in a conventional sense and prevents a separation from poetics. Although poetry is connected with society, the autonomy of poetry, form and poetic language is stressed as a critical, transgressive potential in relation to conventional distinctions between poetry, theory, poetics and criticism.

  • 16.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Negotiating Involuntary Resettlement: A study of local bargaining during the construction of the Zimapán dam2002Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation seeks to present and analyze the negotiation process between the Mexican Power Board (CFE) and the peasants of Ejido Vista Hermosa, who were displaced by the building of the Zimapán dam in central Mexico. I use these negotiations as a focal point to identify the strategies, the reasoning, the priorities, and the conflicts of interest of the two main actors in the resettlement project. I try to grasp and describe some of the items, events and transformations that made up the negotiations during the implementation phase. My attempts have been to show how highly dynamic, multileveled and multifaceted the negotiation process was and how profound and extensive the impacts were in the resettled peasant society. Furthermore, I also demonstrate how a powerful national institution, the CFE, was affected by the process and that an unexpected and dynamic field of social interaction developed between the main actors during the most intense period of the implementation phase.

    My main conclusion is that the resettled peasants faced a disarticulation of their society. The experts dismantled their society and chopped it up into small defined units (economic, political, social) with an emphasis on the material aspects (gate for gate, tree for tree). The peasants' way of life was scrutinized, objectified, quantified and evaluated. It was emptied of its cultural content and it became abstract and negotiable. The peasants, too, had to take a step back and look at their society with new eyes. They had to make up their minds, under the severe time pressure of the technical schedule for the building of the dam, which set the agenda, what they wanted to do with their future lives. Under these circumstances, they had to negotiate about cultural key symbols: the river, the land and the trees. This objectification, which was necessary for the negotiations, seems to have unraveled a delicate underlying socio-cultural fabric.

    Throughout the thesis, I have emphasized an ethnographic perspective, even though I have touched upon theoretical issues concerning time and space structures, events and transformations within the local system. I seek this ethnographic specificity because I see it as a way out of the simplistic duality of global contra local and as a way to avoid viewing the negotiations as an inflexible, hierarchical one-way relation.

  • 17.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Negotiating Involuntary Resettlement: A study of local bargaining during the construction of the Zimapán dam2002Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation seeks to present and analyze the negotiation process between the Mexican Power Board (CFE) and the peasants of Ejido Vista Hermosa, who were displaced by the building of the Zimapán dam in central Mexico. I use these negotiations as a focal point to identify the strategies, the reasoning, the priorities, and the conflicts of interest of the two main actors in the resettlement project. I try to grasp and describe some of the items, events and transformations that made up the negotiations during the implementation phase. My attempts have been to show how highly dynamic, multileveled and multifaceted the negotiation process was and how profound and extensive the impacts were in the resettled peasant society. Furthermore, I also demonstrate how a powerful national institution, the CFE, was affected by the process and that an unexpected and dynamic field of social interaction developed between the main actors during the most intense period of the implementation phase.

    My main conclusion is that the resettled peasants faced a disarticulation of their society. The experts dismantled their society and chopped it up into small defined units (economic, political, social) with an emphasis on the material aspects (gate for gate, tree for tree). The peasants' way of life was scrutinized, objectified, quantified and evaluated. It was emptied of its cultural content and it became abstract and negotiable. The peasants, too, had to take a step back and look at their society with new eyes. They had to make up their minds, under the severe time pressure of the technical schedule for the building of the dam, which set the agenda, what they wanted to do with their future lives. Under these circumstances, they had to negotiate about cultural key symbols: the river, the land and the trees. This objectification, which was necessary for the negotiations, seems to have unraveled a delicate underlying socio-cultural fabric.

    Throughout the thesis, I have emphasized an ethnographic perspective, even though I have touched upon theoretical issues concerning time and space structures, events and transformations within the local system. I seek this ethnographic specificity because I see it as a way out of the simplistic duality of global contra local and as a way to avoid viewing the negotiations as an inflexible, hierarchical one-way relation.

  • 18.
    Arvidsson, Alf
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Etnologi.
    Sågarnas sång: folkligt musicerande i sågverkssamhället Holmsund 1850-19801991Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this dissertation is to analyze the public music-making by locals in Holmsund 1850—1980, and to explain the great variety of musical forms in hope to thereby illuminate the importance of local music-making for the workers' musical taste, but also how workers' musical aesthetics were affected by a more general working-class culture. The variety of musical forms is explained according to John Blacking's distinction between change of musical system, and variation and innovation within a musical system.

    There are two major changes of the musical system. The first generations of workers in Holmsund were recruited from the surrounding countryside, and the main structure of their music-making seems to have remained unchanged. During the 1880s and 1890s there is an introduction of new elements which dominate the whole industrial epoch: brass instruments become the most highly valued instruments, and the thoroughly organized group playing. The new ideals of instrument sound are related to the new soundscape of the industrial society. Organized group playing is seen as homological with the social organization of industrial production, where the work of individuals in different departments is coordinated by a conductor/executive in power.

    During the decade of the 1960s the musical system is once more changed. Electronic technology changes the concepts of sounds and distribution forms, the influence of local music-making on public musical taste became marginal. Local music-making cannot therefore be said to reflect a workers' aesthetic, but should rather be interpreted as tendencies counteracting the professionalism and mediafication of modern society.

    These epochal models outline the basic structural frame of the musical system of each period and the role assigned to local music-making. At the same time there is a great variety of musical forms within each period. These variations are systematized as temporarily-used ways fo managing certain pairs of concepts, which are seen as oppositional or complementary. These pairs are: individual/collective, ideals of equality/professionalization, education/entertainment, continuity/innovation, culture/subculture, and male/female.

    Finally, the ways in which values and attitudes of the general working-class culture influence the local music scene are analyzed. Instead of the abstract ideals of composition, the usefulness of the music is stressed in popular aesthetics. The genius cult of art musics does not fit into popular music situations, where the will to work hard for the audience is valued instead. Ways of relating to the body form another distinction between bourgeois and worker culture. Popular music is much centred around dance music, which is also used in concert situations. What these values and attitudes have in common is that they are part of a popular aesthetic which the educated aesthetic uses as a negative reference point.

  • 19.
    Ask, Jenny
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap.
    Lyssna till ditt hjärta: Muslimska moderskap och modrandets villkor i Sverige2014Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with the meanings and conditions of motherhood for some Muslim women in Sweden, the majority of which live in Stockholm. The analysis is based mainly on 16 in-depth interviews with women who self-identify as Muslims. A majority of them were born in Sweden.

    In this study, motherhood and mothering are defined as intentional care work situated within, and shaped by, specific social, cultural and historical contexts. I examine which gendered, religious and spatial meanings are associated with mothering and Muslim identity in a Swedish transnational context. The analysis shows that religion (for most of the women) constitutes an interpretational frame for motherhood and for how children should be mothered into good Muslims and citizens. The women represent Islam as a facilitating religion by making a distinction between religion and culture. The study also shows how the women approach the problem of maintaining the children’s Muslim identities and their self-esteem in a secularized and islamophobic Swedish context, and how they stress the importance of the child developing a strong inner self. Based on the women’s own experiences of having been singled out as different, they respond to a racist logic associated with certain norms and conceptions about what counts as freedom or oppression. The interviews also reveal a transnational aspect of their mothering in which they consider what other places can offer their children. The thesis shows on the one hand how an authentic Muslim identity is related to ideas about Muslim places and origins; on the other hand it demonstrates how the women’s ambivalent affinities with Sweden, and (what they consider to be) Swedish and Muslim values, destabilize such an unambiguous connection. These ambivalent identifications show how the women’s conditional affinities become relevant for how they speak about motherhood and mothering and for how they relate to questions concerning “the good of the child”.

  • 20.
    Avdan, Nazli
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och litteratur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    ‘Collaborative Competition’: Stance-taking and Positioning in the European Parliament2017Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The European Parliament (EP) is the scene where certain issues concerning over 500 million ‘Europeans’ are publicly debated and where politically relevant groupings are discursively coconstructed. While the Members of the Parliament (MEPs) pursue their political agendas, intergroup boundaries are drawn, reinforced, and/or transgressed. Speakers constantly take stances on behalf of groupings in relation to some presupposed other groupings and argue what differentiates ‘Self’ from ‘Others’. This study examines patterns of language use by the MEPs as they engage in the contextually and historically situated dialogical processes of intergroup positioning and stance-taking. It further focuses on the strategic and competitive activities of grouping, grounding, and alignment in order to reveal the dynamic construction of intergroup boundaries.

    The study is based on a collection of Blue-card question-answer sequences from the plenary debates held at the EP in 2011, when the Sovereign Debt Crisis had been stabilized to some degree but still evoked plenty of controversy.

    Theoretically the study builds on Stance Theory (Du Bois, 2007), Positioning Theory (Davies & Harré, 1990), and several broadly social constructivist approaches to discourse analysis (Fairclough, 1995).

    The analysis shows that intergroup positioning in the EP emerges as what I call a ‘collaborative competition’ between contradictory ideologies and political agendas. The MEPs strategically manipulate their opponents' prior or projected utterances in order to set up positions for self, a grouping he or she stands for, and thereby its adversaries. All participants engage in the maintenance and negotiation of intergroup boundaries, even though the boundaries hardly ever coincide between the different speakers. They discursively fence off some imaginary territories, leaving their adversaries with vague positions.

    When asking Blue-card questions, the MEPs use a particular turn organization, which involves routine forms of interactional units, namely addressing, question framing and question forms, each of which is shown to contribute to stance-taking. A dynamic model of stance-taking is suggested, allowing for a fluid transformation of the stance object as well as the discursively constructed stance-takers.

    While Blue-card questions are meant to serve as a structured procedure for eliciting information from a speaker, the analysis demonstrates that the MEPs accomplish various divergent actions that serve intergroup positioning. The dissertation thus contributes to the understanding of the discursive games played in the EP as the MEPs strive to construct social realities that fit their political ends.

  • 21.
    Aðalsteinsson, Jón Hnefill
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Humanistiska fakulteten.
    Under the cloak: [the acceptance of Christianity in Iceland with particular reference to the religious attitudes prevailing at the time]1978Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 22.
    Backe-Forsberg, Yvonne
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Crossing the Bridge: An Interpretation of the Archaeological Remains in the Etruscan Bridge Complex at San Giovenale, Etruria2005Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis discusses the archaeological remains in the Etruscan bridge complex, found during the excavations at San Giovenale in 1959–1963, and 1999. The aim has been to reach a holistic perspective of the bridge complex with the bridge seen as a link between topography, economy, social relationships, politics, symbols and ritual, reflecting its importance for the whole community at San Giovenale and its surroundings. Situated at the border between the two largest city-states Tarquinia and Caere, the site seems to have been an important middle range transit town for foreign ideas, goods and people.

    The character of the remains and the various levels of contextual analyses made it possible to distinguish five distinctive functions for the structures at the bridge over the Pietrisco. From a more generalised point of view these suggested that specialized functions may be divided into practical, social and symbolic functions and these aspects have been of help in identifying an object or a structure. Besides practical functions of everyday use, economic and strategic functions have also been considered.

    These functions were more or less in use contemporaneously, at least during several hundred years, from about the middle of the 6th down to the first century B.C. Pottery and small finds show that some activity has taken place at the site from the 9th century. Features of continuity, such as in the choice of crossing, the direction of the bridge construction after its destruction, the architectural ground-plans, the use of basins and a well, pottery fabrics of local and Greek imports and shapes, as well as changes in ground-plans, slight changes in the environment due to water erosion, earth-quakes and slides, have been observed. The physical as well as the liminal boundary between land and water as well as between man and spirits was accentuated by the tufa building, the water installations, and the road at the northern abutment. The thesis raises the hypothesis that the Etruscans believed that a crossing of a river via a bridge could violate the spirits of nature on land and in the water and therefore special rites were needed to restore the balance between nature and man before entering the bridge in order to reach safely at the other side of the ravine. The bridge itself can be seen as sacred, a liminal area where time and space do not exist and a place where it is easy to gain contact with the supernatural world.

  • 23.
    Barrett, Michael
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Paths to Adulthood: Freedom, Belonging, and Temporalities in Mbunda Biographies from Western Zambia2004Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, Michael Barrett explores the relationship between adulthood and historical processes in a rural district of Western Zambia. Approaching the life cycle from a perspective of social practice, the potential and limits of conditioning is illuminated through ethnography and life histories of Mbunda people in Kalabo District of Western Province. Situated between the Zambezi River and the Angolan border, the district suffered harsh economic decline during the last decades of the 20th century, creating a demanding social environment for young people in need of its resources for livelihood, household formation, and marriage. The study traces young people’s life paths in time and space, between urban and rural areas and through the ebb and flow of social relationships. Concerns like male and female initiation, marriage, style, and livelihood are examined and put in the context of longstanding idioms of sociality as well as global influences. Through an historical perspective on social cohorts, the dissertation throws light on the temporal conditions of adulthood facing people in rural Zambia. With a theoretical framework grounded in regional social landscapes and attuned to the realities of particular persons, broader issues like historicity, power, gender and creativity are examined through the prism of adulthood.

  • 24.
    Beach, Hugh
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Humanistiska fakulteten.
    Reindeer-herd management in transition: the case of Tuorpon Saameby in northern Sweden1981Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 25.
    Bengtsson, Staffan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Herders hieroglyf: Om den okända metoden i hans författarskap2004Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The dissertation addresses the problem if Johann Gottfried Herder had a method when he composed his works. The overwhelming majority of scholars says no and describes him as a restless author who reworks manuscripts; digressing and repeating himself; leaning on others rather than writing a monographic work on his own – someone who does not write complete and structured works, and therefore is seen as a precursor in history rather than occupying a place in it.

    This thesis claim that Herder’s work is structured in minutest detail, and demonstrates how Herder uses typographic marks to guide the reader through his dialectical text-structure.

    Herder uses a four-step dialectic. It starts from a center-position with a confused issue, which is analyzed and put together again. The second position analyses one aspect of the issue at hand in one direction and the third in an opposite direction. These consecutive steps in the reading process could be regarded as simultaneous parts of an image. The fourth fuses and simultaneously changes them into a new center-position, which presents the issue in a new form.

    This four-step movemen can be repeated in a series of such movements. The fourth position turns then into a new starting-point. The issue is further analyzed. Positions two and three continues the perspective of foregoing two and three. The fourth position brings together.

    The first part gives a representive overview of the research on Herder. Special attention is givien to editions, and how they leave out typographic marks important for understanding the text’s structure. Research is characterized as a turning away from Herder’s works, either to handwriting or to a tradition which Herder only partly belongs to. Herder is instead situated in aesthetics – his “human philosophy”. The second part analyzes The Oldest Document of the human race.

  • 26.
    Berg, Henrik
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Antikens kultur och samhällsliv. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Centrum för genusvetenskap.
    Constructing Athenian Masculinities: Masculinities in Theophrastus' Characters and Menander's Comedies2010Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the construction of masculinities in Theophrastus’ Characters and Menander’s comedies. As these works were written in early Hellenistic Athens during a period of great political and social changes, there is reason to assume that also the construction of gender changed. The aim of the study is to identify the hegemonic masculinity in the literary sources and see how it and other masculinities were constructed. This is carried out with the help of contemporary critical theories on men and masculinities, especially R. W. Connell’s theory of hegemonic masculinity and perspectives of intersectionality. The study argues that the use of contemporary theories helps to broaden the understanding of gender in antiquity.

    With the use of Connell’s theory on hegemonic masculinity a complex picture of masculinities emerges that intersects several social constructions including age, financial and social belonging. The hegemonic masculinity that emerges is one of Athenian citizenship at the age of being a kyrios with an oikos that contained children. It is also a masculinity that is dependent on fulfilling or obtaining the three virtues of sophrosyne, autarkeia and philantropia. The hegemonic masculinity seems to be one of nostalgia, focusing on how the contemporaries of Theophrastus and Menander perceived the hegemonic masculinity of a past era when Athens was one of the great powers in the region without foreign domination and interference.

    The study shows that, as in Connell’s theory, the hegemonic masculinity was one that no single male could obtain or maintain for any longer period of time. It is also the case that all gender relates in one way or another to the hegemonic masculinity.

  • 27.
    Berg, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Kultur och medier.
    InterNacionalistas: identifikation och främlingskap i svenska solidaritetsarbetares berättelser från Nicaragua2007Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to explore what solidarity workers from Sweden narrate about and from activities in Nicaragua. I focus on how identities reflect nationalising, racialising and gendering imaginations, and how these are being handled within the context of an international solidarity movement – with the ambition to strive for global justice.

    My search for answers takes its point of departure in a wide gender-oriented postcolonial perspective. With an understanding of identities and places as relational and plastic, postcolonial theory attempts to see the inevitable dilemmas of colonialism, to visualise people who have been sacrificed in the name of colonialism and nationalism. It is a theoretical field concerned with the struggle for the word, values and actions categorised by a (post)colonial order. The dissertation is divided into six chapters. After the introductory chapter, chapter 2 contains a discussion of the concept solidarity as a valuable designation for these activities, connected to a national self-image and as a determining factor for the informants' understanding of their identities.

    One fundamental theme in this study is the tension concerning “white”, “western”, “Swedish” solidarity workers speaking for and working with people in Nicaragua. In Chapter 3, “To make oneself trustworthy”, I take a closer look at this and discusses how the interviewees verbalised strategies to handle possible positions and the paradoxes of their employment. In chapter 4 “Nationalising gender”, I examine the speech of women, men, machismo and gender equality – and how they interrelate with other factors within the stories from the period in Nicaragua.

    The difficulties to intervene as a Swedish volunteer or coordinator in Nicaragua were well known among the interviewees/narrators and their organisations. How and what activities for change could be in different parts of the world were, and are, repeated questions within (at least this part of) the Swedish international solidarity movement. This is one reason why the solidarity organisations emphasised the importance of creating space for social change via information and moulding of public opinion. In Chapter five, “Describe Nicaragua”, I analyse the written stories by solidarity workers. I take departure in a few of the dominating themes and clarify how Nicaragua was mediated to a Swedish speaking reader. I argue that the stories of the solidarity workers are captured between recognising difference and creating stereotypes and exotic projections. Even though their object is the opposite, they tend to produce representations which demand the Other to stay in the place of difference. In the very last part I discuss some problems with being the “voice of the poor”.

    The dissertation concludes with a short summary of some of the most central themes. Here I refer to the narrated liminality and inherited boundaries of the employment. I discuss the anti-imperialist and feminist work with a national dead weight and the efforts to create alternative images and translocal subject positions. I end the study by reflecting on the difficulties of an internationalist “we” and with reference to Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, I call for “unlearning our privileges as our loss”.

  • 28.
    Berglund-Lake, Håkan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Livet äger rum: Försörjning och platstagande i norrländska sågverkssamhällen2001Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is concerned with the people who settled permanently near the sawmills of Västernorrland during the expansion of the sawmill industry in the latter half of the 19th century. The basis of, and a prerequisite for this resettlement and the life thus built up was the permanent employment and wages earned by the men at the sawmills. The purpose is to study the pattern of subsistence and the process of place making among the permanent working population in the early sawmill community. The focus is placed on what possibilities and limitations a settlement in the sawmill communities had for the permanently employed sawmill workers and their families - wives and children, and what material and symbolic resources they created and gained access to in order to build up a new life in a place where they had no previous social contacts.

    An adaption to the context of the sawmill implied many mental and practical transformations, but at the same time a learning process; they had to learn to handle the diversity of people, commodities and objects in a new physical environment. They had to take place in a space and in a context that was unfamiliar and predictable.

    Following themes are discussed in the dissertation: the pattern of subsistence, dwelling and meaning, the relation between the permanent workers population and the sawmill-owner and the process of place making, temporalization and social identification.

    The main sources of information consist of autobiographies and recorded life- stories, but even contemporary sources such as newspaper articles, judicial records, estate inventories, official records and reports from county sheriffs, enforcement officers, clergymen and district medical officers. in the rich detail of these texts, in these fragments of life, I find the data upon which I build a narrative by means of a series of interpretations with the aid of different theoretical tools, in collaboration with other interpretations and my own intuition.

  • 29.
    Bergvall, Clas
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Kultur och medier.
    Liv, lust och mening: om krukväxters kulturella betydelser2007Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about the way people describe thoughts and feelings in connection with indoor plants. Adopting a broader perspective it could be said that it is a study of the relation between people and their material surroundings. The objective is to analyse how relations to things, in this case potted plants, affect the way people look at their place, life and own identity. In this respect indoor plants are a challenging basis for such a study. They belong to those common things that may seem to be far away from what really matters. Having no necessary and instrumental purpose they are in principle open to ascription of almost any kind. In fact the rationale for having them is often the mere feeling that they ought to be there.

    And today indoor plants are really a very obvious part of Swedish homes. This was not always so but as the 20th century went on they were to be found in most homes. On average one can expect to see about thirty different plants when entering a typical Swedish home. In order to investigate the impact of these on people’s lives I use a variety of different sources ranging from archives to interviews.

    The overall structure of discourses about pot plants tend to overlap, to some extent regardless of time and place. The way feelings concerning indoor plants were described in the beginning of the last century coincides with how people today express their opinions when thinking of pot plants in their own homes. Further on this is echoed more publicly in connection with the marketing of flowers. The kind of meaning and themes associated with indoor plants thus appear natural.

    But in spite of this there is a strong personal component in the actual content of each individual story and this makes them unique. This also allows for a possibility to express individuality within a common framework. In this way pot plants make a contribution to the process of shaping individuals. The importance of this is even more obvious as people in describing their indoor plants simultaneously are describing their own lives in a kaleidoscopic way. In a seemingly effortless way a continuous and unifying self seems be present. Even though the cultural study of pot plants might be justified in itself these implications of an existential perspective makes it even more exciting.

  • 30.
    Bernhardsdotter, Ann-Britt
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    The Power of Being: A Study of Poverty, Fertility and Sexuality among the Kuria in Kenya and Tanzania2001Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The study is concerned with power based on ‘being’, which is the thread running through the entire thesis. The extended family is the focal point and three themes, interrelated in Kuria society, are explored, namely, poverty, sexuality and fertility. Poverty, one of the focuses, implies giving attention to local perceptions of destitution and prosperity, the grappling with issues about access to, and control of, resources, the pointing out of impoverishing mechanisms inherent in traditional socioeconomic systems and the exemplifying of critical strategies to overcome poverty. In addition to displaying mechanisms of impoverishment, the thesis specifies vulnerable categories of individuals and informs on contemporary strategies to overcome destitution. Since Kuria has got recognition as being a patriarchal society, which has lead to a depiction of reality implying a de-emphasizing of principles mediating male dominance, the study throws light upon principles restraining male power and on compelling female recourses in situations of transgressions of cultural codes. The study provides empirical examples demonstrating formal cursing as a powerful female recourse in contexts of male abuse of power. ‘Power of being’ is dramatically manifested when women curse in their capacity of being married daughters and sisters. The Kuria woman marriage has been investigated, and the author concludes that besides from being a strategy by women who are excluded from priviledged categories to overcome poverty and humiliation, the woman marriage reveals female aspirations to male spheres of power and status. Through the woman marriage it might be possible for women to own homesteads and to become lineage founders. Sexuality and fertility form intriguing parts of male and female being. In order to expose values at the heart of society with regard to male and female sexuality, symbols articulated by metaphors are explored.

  • 31.
    Bjersby, Ragnar
    Institutet för språk och folkminnen, Uppsala landsmålsarkiv (ULMA).
    Traditionsbärare på Gotland vid 1800-talets mitt: En undersökning rörande P. A. Säves sagesmän1964Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 32.
    Björkman, Gun
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Humanistiska fakulteten.
    Kings at Karnak: a study of the treatment of the monuments of royal predecessors in the early New Kingdom1971Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 33.
    Blehr, Barbro
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusstudier. Etnologi.
    Lokala gemenskaper: En studie av en nordsvensk by på 1980-talet1994Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    The central question raised in this study is the sense of community in Keskijärvi, a mining village in the north of Sweden. What is the nature of the local community and in which activities is it expressed? This question is examined through an empirical study of two communicative practices which convey local knowledge in the village. The method used is participant observation, supplemented with interviews. Findings indicate that no single, overarching local community exists in the village, that the communities that do exist are of two kinds: concrete vs. imagined, and that acquaintance was a salient feature in the variation between the two communicating practices.

  • 34.
    Blomberg, Peter E.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten.
    On Corinthian iconography: the bridled winged horse and the helmeted female head in the sixth century BC1996Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 35.
    Bodén, Daniel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Systemmänniskan: En studie om människan, automationen och det senmoderna förnuftet2016Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    How did the conformist “organization man” of modern welfare society turn into the restless and flexible market-rational individualist of late-modernity? And what role did technology play in this transformation? Drawing from inquiries like these, this doctoral thesis deals with topics such as technology, culture, and the production of social consciousness. The aim of the study is to elucidate the historical emergence of late-modern reason, visible in the socio-material process of automation.

    The study takes two mundane technical innovations as starting points to investigate dominant social values and rationalities embedded in, and emerging from material transformations in the production process of two late modern, Swedish organizations. Covering a period of roughly fifty years (1960–2013), the analysis relies on the interpretation of a variety of both contemporary and archived sources, including interviews, observations, witness accounts and archived material in the form of staff magazines, newspapers, photographs and official documents.

    While following a hermeneutical tradition of European ethnology the study is also an attempt to enrich its synchronous cultural analysis of everyday life with theory grounded in historical (dialectical) materialism. Along this line of thought the thesis suggests that many of the qualities, values and everyday experiences attributed to late-modernity, such as “flexibility”, “creativity” and “flat organizations” depend on the reification and embedding of modernist social forms, ideas and relations, such as instrumental rationality, routine labour and bureaucratic taxonomy into the material foundation of daily life.

  • 36.
    Borg, Alexandra
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Litteraturvetenskapliga institutionen.
    En vildmark av sten: Stockholm i litteraturen 1897–19162011Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the urban fiction emerging in Stockholm around the turn of the 20th century. It modifies earlier research by arguing that the fascination with the city transcends traditional conventions of genre. The main theory is that Stockholm’s conversion into a metropolitan space compels a new form of literary expression, a sort of urban aesthetics. The thesis claims that the urban prose of Stockholm is co-creative: the authors articulate a myth of Stockholm, an image of the Swedish capital as a modern urban space. Based on Henri Lefebvre’s ideas about space as something that is created, it is argued that the authors are founders of a city identity that influences people’s understanding of themselves and their new environment. The thesis maintains that the authors’ cities of words, their representational spaces, stem as much from personal fantasies and real-life experiences as from other works of art and literature. The dissertation contributes to our knowledge of urban literature by placing it against a back- ground of urban theory. Hence, it paves the way for further research on the city as a complex of symbols within Swedish literature, a subject that has not been examined to any notable extent. The analysis of how the urban environment has been conveyed and who has been given the priv- ilege of interpretation also deepens our understanding of contemporary Stockholm, real or imaginary. The thesis consists of two parts. The first part examines the background and genesis of the fiction type. Part two consists of analytical readings. The following authors are given particular attention: Henning Berger, Martin Koch, Maria Sandel and Sigfrid Siwertz. In four chapters, their respective repre- sentations of Stockholm are explored. Theories of urban space, modernity and gender, as well as Franco Moretti’s idea of a literary geography, guide the readings.

  • 37.
    Bretschneider, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten.
    Polygyny: a cross-cultural study1995Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 38.
    Brunius, Teddy
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    David Hume on criticism1952Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 39.
    Cardell, David
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Family theme parks, happiness and children’s consumption: From roller-coasters to Pippi Longstocking2015Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This book provides an ethnographic contribution to research on children’s consumption, family life and happiness. Various and shifting notions of happiness are explored, as well as conditions for and challenges to happiness, through an analysis of video-recorded interviews and mobile ethnography conducted in two of the most popular theme parks in Sweden. Initially, the study outlines how previous research has conceptualized happiness in association with time and place in a rather static way. Based on a treatise of notions of happiness in philosophy and the social sciences, there is a turn in this thesis towards practice. It generates fundamental knowledge about the complexity of happiness. By employing this approach, it is possible to highlight how happiness is enacted as part of and in relation to ideals of family life, time, childhood, money, consumption, experiences and material things. As we explore the practices of children and their families, we discover that shifting meanings of happiness are located in contemporary culture, where emotions and consumption are of central importance.

    The approach is interdisciplinary, and draws on theoretical and methodological contributions in sociology, anthropology and Science and Technology Studies (STS). Notions of meshwork and enactment become important for the exploration of happiness as a complex and changing matter, which productively involves social relations and material things. Throughout the thesis there is a dialogue with previous research on happiness, consumption and childhood which highlights the importance of exploring messy practices, in movement. It is argued that explorations of practice contribute to a critical understanding of how happiness and contemporary ideals of childhood can be approached – through consumption and as part of citizenship in a consumer society where happiness is of central importance.

  • 40.
    Carlestål, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    La Famiglia: The Ideology of Sicilian Family Networks2005Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Anthropological data from fieldwork carried out among a fishing population in western Sicily show how related matrifocal nuclear families are tightly knit within larger, male-headed networks. The mother focus at the basic family level is thereby balanced and the system indicates that the mother-child unit does not function effectively on its own, as has often been argued for this type of family structure. As a result of dominating moral values which strongly emphasise the uniqueness of family and kin, people are brought up to depend heavily upon and to be loyal to their kin networks, to see themselves primarily as parts of these social units and less so as independent clearly bounded individuals, and to distinctly separate family members from non-family members. This dependence is further strengthened by matri- and/or patrivicinity being the dominant form of locality, by the traditional naming system as well as a continual use of kin terms, and by related people socialising and collaborating closely. The social and physical boundaries thus created around the family networks are further strengthened by local architecture that symbolically communicates the closed family unit; by the woman, who embodies her family as well as their house, having her outdoor movements restricted in order to shield both herself and her family; by self-mastery when it comes to skilfully calculating one's actions and words as a means of controlling the impression one makes on others; and by local patriotism that separates one's co-villagers from foreigners. Hospitality, which brings inclusion and exclusion into focus, is shown to be a means of ritually incorporating non-kin and thus containing the danger the stranger represents.

    The author aims to answer the question of whether the social and physical boundaries around the family network, together with the distrust towards non-family members referred to by the informants themselves, constitute a hindrance as regards collaboration with non-kin, or if collaboration beyond the family boundaries is possible and, if so, whether or not this has to lead to the family's losing its position.

  • 41.
    Carlsson, Anna-Lena
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    ’’... is it hunger or superabundance that has here become creative?’’: Nietzsche on Creativity in Art and Life2004Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Art and the artistic are concepts Friedrich Nietzsche uses in a narrow sense regarding works of art and in a broader sense concerning our lives. He thereby attempts to vitalise the philosophical theme that links life and art. In this dissertation, I suggest that he distinguishes between life-negation and life-affirmation, concerning both the narrow and broader sense of art and the artistic.

    I firstly approach life-negation and life-affirmation in Nietzsche’s images of life. This part is arranged chronologically and its aim is to present a theme of life-negation and life-affirmation in Nietzsche’s writings and to acknowledge some changes that occur during his production. I consider the Apollonian, the Dionysian and the Socratic type of life and creativity and compare the metaphysical life-affirmation in The Birth of Tragedy with the will to life in Arthur Schopenhauer’s work. I also turn to later images related to life-negation and life-affirmation without the metaphysical perspective from his early thought, for example, the free and the fettered spirit. I moreover address the physiological will to power in Nietzsche’s later writings, in relation to the question of metaphysics and art.

    I secondly analyse Nietzsche’s notion of art and the artistic in a narrow and a broader sense in association with the theme of a two-fold type of life. This part is arranged thematically and I focus on Nietzsche’s later thought. His emphasis on the perspective of production is demarcated from the aesthetic paradigm that emphasises the reception of art. I then consider Nietzsche’s writings on works of art and the broader sense of art in association with life-negation and life-affirmation. Finally, I compare Nietzsche’s life-affirming type of existence with some contemporary views on the aestheticization of our lives. I suggest that the life-affirming artistic type of being differs in some significant senses from the proposed contemporary aestheticization processes.

  • 42.
    Carlsson, Eric
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Medierad övervakning: En studie av övervakningens betydelser i svensk dagspress2009Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This doctoral thesis explores the use of surveillance images and discourses of surveillance in the Swedish press. Questions concerning surveillance appear frequently in the news today. The ongoing »War on Terror« has generated numerous news reports informing their audiences how surveillance technologies will protect society, prevent terrorist attacks, and ensure security. The purpose of the study is to examine representations of surveillance in Swedish newspapers, more specifically, how they use surveillance- and amateur images in their reporting. In order to carry this out, the thesis sets up two areas of concern: news on terrorism and news on police violence. The questions that produce the field of inquiry relate to how discourses of surveillance are articulated in text and image. They also concern construction of social identities related to reproduction of power relations, normality, and deviance. Research material used in this study consists of journalistic texts and visual images published in mainly four major Swedish newspapers; Aftonbladet, Expressen, Dagens Nyheter and Svenska Dagbladet. A qualitative research strategy was undertaken inspired by discourse analysis. The analysis focuses on four major issues: representations of terrorists, intensified surveillance, victims, and representations of police violence. The analysis concentrates on surveillance images that were used by news media to visually represent the terrorists involved in the so called »London bombings« in 2005. The thesis also highlights how politicians and other experts become the predominant subjects who proclaim the need for a more modern, efficient, and enhanced surveillance technology. A further issue ofinterest concerns media representations of victims and especially how the construction of victims reproduces normality, and further, how victimisation is related to surveillance. The newspapers used amateur footage from ‘the bomb scene’ in ways that represent the victims, not as objects, but as active agents participating in an act of surveillance. How the public become represented as victims of the surveillance society is examined. Dystopic stories about negative aspects of surveillance including islamophobia and fear of intrusion of privacy emerge as major themes. Finally, the study seeks to connect surveillance to resistance. Different media events on police violence are discussed in the light of events that have been filmed by amateur video or surveillance cameras. Surveillance in a mediated context is a complex field with many different and contradicting meanings and connotations. However, it is clear that surveillance links up with security, resistance, power and control, intrusion of privacy, and above all, to the reproduction of social differences between Us and Them. The news media seems to promote a public discourse of fear, which may contribute to legitimisation of both present and future demands for intensified surveillance. Nonetheless, mediated surveillance may also help to resist and challenge power hierarchies in society and promote social change.

  • 43.
    Carlsson, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Den tillfälliga husmodern: Hemvårdarinnekåren i Sverige 1940-19602013Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the history of the Swedish public home help service. The public provision of home help is taken as an empirical example of the state’s relationship with the private sphere. Housework and care work are discussed as political issues and as the objects of a professionalization project. The study addresses the creation and distribution of welfare in the form of public services that are delivered in private homes and analyses how visionary government policies worked in practice. In the broadest sense, the thesis aims to increase understanding of the difficult and deeply-rooted problem of how housework and care work can be made ‘real work’.

    Those who started the public home help service argued that it would relieve the shortage of domestic servants, increase the birth rate, reduce poverty and improve public health. In addition, it was believed that paid domestic work, when performed by public home help workers, would be transformed into a respectable occupation through education, selective recruitment and regulated pay and conditions. This ambition, however, was doomed from the start in part because, as this study shows, central actors in the public home help service took an ambivalent approach concerning educational requirements. Professional care work in the household found itself in a paradoxical situation because its central tasks were the same as those all women and mothers were expected to be able to carry out in the private sphere.

    The public home help service had a surprisingly short life span. After sixteen years the state subsidy for public home help workers was withdrawn, and new societal problems and political questions took priority.  At the same time, the gender discourse underwent significant changes. The necessary preconditions for the existence of the home help had disappeared. Nevertheless, the significance of the public home help service is greater than its own short existence. Seen in a wider historical perspective, the home help service represents an important example of how paid housework constantly takes on new forms and how difficult raising the status and value of household labor is, even when it is publicly supported and regulated.  

  • 44.
    Carlsson, Susanne
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Antikens kultur och samhällsliv.
    Hellenistic Democracies: Freedom, Independence and Political Procedure in Some East Greek City-States2005Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Freedom from external control is one prerequisite for democracy. In the hellenistic period the Greek city-states are thought to have lost their independence due to the establishment of the hellenistic hegemonies, and thereby also lost their possibilities of democratic government and of pursuing a foreign policy of their own. This study shows that interstate relations among many of the Greek cities of coastal Asia Minor were active. Measures were taken to solve interstate conflicts and to strengthen ties of friendship among cities, but the cities did not refrain from claiming their rights vis-à-vis each other and even waging war; this would not have been possible during severe control. In the power struggle between the changing hegemons, the individual poleis had possibilities to manoeuvre fairly independently.

    By systematizing and analyzing the frequency and contents of hellenistic decrees enacted by the council and demos of four East Greek city-states, the study shows that the latter were democratically ruled, and the issues decided on foremost concerned foreign relations. The empirical investigation concludes with an application of the criteria for democracy set up by Aristotle and the political scientist Robert Dahl, and all four city-states are shown to comply with most of the criteria. However, in the second half of the second century polis decrees gradually decrease, to cease altogether towards the end of the first century BC, and foreign matters also disappear from the agenda. A possible reason is the growing power of Rome and the establishment of the Roman province of Asia in 129 BC. Under a sole hegemon the poleis no longer had possibilities to set their own agenda.

  • 45.
    Carlström, Ann Kristin
    Stockholms universitet.
    På spaning i Stockholm: En etnologisk studie av polisarbete1999Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 46.
    Dahl, Izabela A.
    Humboldt-Universität, Berlin, Germany.
    Ausschluss und Zugehörigkeit: Polnische jüdische Zwangsmigration in Schweden nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg2013Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 47.
    Dahlman, Britt
    Lunds universitet.
    Saint Daniel of Sketis: a group of hagiographic texts : edited with introduction, translation, and commentary2007Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 48.
    Dahlström Nilsson, Åsa
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Negotiating Wilderness in a Cultural Landscape: Predators and Saami Reindeer Herding in the Laponian World Heritage Area2003Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The UNESCO appointment of the Laponian World Heritage Area in 1996 meant that Sweden accepted the assignment of protecting both the cultural and natural values of this area for all mankind and all generations to come. Located in northern Sweden, Laponia had previously been protected for its natural values only, but the 1996 appointment determined that the local Saami reindeer herding culture should also be preserved. Since the goals of preserving nature and culture in Laponia do not easily combine, negotiations between the concerned parties must be held over important matters. This thesis deals with the ways in which "nature" and the "environment" are negotiated within the environmental disources that concern Laponia. The discourses analysed include such disparate, and yet interconneted, themes as Laponian environmental constraints, management control, predator policies, sustainable development, the perception of wilderness and cultural landscapes and the role of reindeer-herding Saami in the management of nature. The discourses also reflect a number of broad topics including the preservation of biodiversity and the role of indigenous peoples in modern nature conservation policies. Local Saami reindeer herders often find themselves caught between the expectation placed upon them by the majority society to engage in environmentally friendly reindeer herding, and the existing requirement to engage in rational reindeer herding. Local Saami reindeer herders must therefore negotiate their claims between the polarised positions of being indigenous people engaging in a traditional activity based on immemorial rights, and of being modern food producers in need of high-tech equipment and with a wish to develop their reindeer herding business on their own terms.

  • 49.
    Danielsson, Jonas
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Kultur och medier.
    Skräckskönt: en etnologisk studie2006Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study is to explore how horror movie fans use the films to gain access to certain emotions, and the discussions to which the movies give rise. Through this, I hope to attain a deeper understanding of how the horror movie fan chooses to view the genre. While horror movie fans experience a raft of emotions as they watch, this is not the whole story; they also reflect upon these emotions and question certain responses, eg. why laugh at one form of violence but not the next, or how can one killer elicit empathy in the viewer while others do not. In order to understand this popular genre I have based my thesis mainly on interviews with the actual horror film fan, here represented by 9 women and 11 men.

    Special emphasis in the theoretical body is placed on Bakhtin’s notion of the grotesque, a ”world turned upside-down”, and dialogical truth. The horror movie fan might be described in the same fashion – as someone who through the films he watches sees and acknowledges an alternative cultural system which is otherwise suppressed. They can experiment with ideas of other kinds of rules, norms and hierarchies than those already in place in society.

    The horror movie fans talk about special themes as more important than others, and these “key symbols” have helped in constructing the thesis. I have for that reason formed the analysis in the region of emotions like fear, disgust and desires, but also more intellectual discussions on film violence and evil. It is clear that a controlled sense of fear is one of the main forces sparking the initial interest the informants felt for horror and urging them forward in their quest for more. It is also clear that feelings of disgust the horror movies evoke are a part of the fans’ discussions about the world and the evil therein. The horror movie fans speak about evil as something inherent in everyone, and something which must be acknowledged in order to live a “full” life.

    Despite of all this I consider pure enjoyment and entertainment to be the very foundation of their shared interest, and that the horror movie fans try to make strong distinctions between “fact” and “fiction”. These conscious distinctions could also be one of the reasons that the fans find these types of movies entertaining. Those who are incapable to make these clear distinctions are therefore, more or less, unable to see the purpose of the fascination with horror narratives.

  • 50.
    Dover, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    A Man of Power: Gender and HIV/AIDS in Zambia2001Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the construction of masculinity and femininity in relation to sexual and reproductive health (SRH). The ethnographic material is from fieldwork among the Goba people in a rural area in southern Zambia and two peri-urban communities near Lusaka. Using an embodiment approach, local concepts of the sexed body and the nature of women and men are explored and related to a cosmology that emphasises fertility and reproduction. An ideology of male dominance is analysed in terms of object relations theory, phallic symbolism and hegemonic masculinity. These ideals of a ‘man of power’ are encapsulated within a morality of respect that buttresses the gender and age hierarchy.

    Concepts of adult personhood in relation to responsibility, autonomy and freedom are explored in which the reality of contemporary male roles is examined. Syntheses of local and biomedical discourses on SRH are explained and related to local misfortune explanation, as well as concepts of SRH risk and blame. Modern gender relations are sketched out and discussed in terms of moral discourses on sexuality, which tend to blame women more than men for sexual impropriety and transmission of SRH illnesses and infections. Women’s lives are more regulated by propriety and their sexual networking is explained in terms of the ‘presents’ they receive for sexual relations outside of marriage. This is in contrast to male sexuality, which is perceived as natural and uncontrollable and linked to male ideas of autonomous agency. In conclusion, the findings are related to impacts on SRH and interventions to ameliorate the HIV/AIDS pandemic.

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