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  • 1.
    Aida Niendorf, Mariya
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Språk och medier, Japanska.
    From Buenos Aires to Finland and Japan: The tango's unusual migration2014Inngår i: List of Abstracts for Conference Transcultural Identity Constructions in a Changing World, Dalarna University, Sweden, April 2-4, 2014, 2014, s. 19-20Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In Finland, thousands of miles away from Buenos Aires, people crowd the dance floors of restaurants and dance halls nightly to dance to tango music, while the tango has also caught the heart of the people on the other side of the world in Japan. The popularity of the tango in both Finland and Japan, however, is not very well known to the outside world.

    Though some scholars have stated that the tango reflects the personality, mentality and identity of the Finnish and Japanese people, this may only be partially true. Moreover, it is difficult to generalize what the Finnish or Japanese personality is. I argue that the tango's success in these two countries also has significant connections to historical and social factors. As being a dancer myself, I also believe that the 'liminality' (originally a term borrowed from Arnold van Gennep's formulation of rites de passage) of tango dancing plays an important role in these two nations that went through difficult struggles to recover from the damage caused by the war. “The liminal phase is considered sacred, anomalous, abnormal and dangerous, while the  pre- and post-liminal phases are normal and a profane state of being (Selänniemi 1996) and “the regular occurrence of sacred-profane alternations mark important periods of social life or even provide the measure of the passage of time itself”(Leach 1961).

    In this paper, I will discuss motives and paths of how a culture travels, settles and shapes into a new form, using the tango as an example.

  • 2.
    Aida Niendorf, Mariya
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Japanska.
    Intercultural communicative competence: the challenges and implications of teaching Japanese politeness strategies to Swedish learners of Japanese2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Teaching communicative competence is extremely important in language instruction. One can avoid embarrassing situations and conflicts caused by misunderstandings if she/he understands the differences in intercultural pragmatics. Politeness discourse varies in complexity according to social distance, relative power between the speakers, and situations. The data I have collected during the past 6 years indicates that Swedish learners of Japanese often do not see the necessity of learning the polite/honorific discourse and often view these negatively as Swedish society is one of the most egalitarian in the world. As a consequence, Swedish students often fail to utilize appropriate politeness strategies when speaking in Japanese. However, it is important to point out to foreign language learners that cultural and social norms are not interchangeable and that one must adapt to the language one is using and the culture one is in. Thus Swedish Learners of Japanese should consider politeness discourse as a part of the rules of the language rather than something that can be modified based on one’s opinion.

    The current study investigates the differences in politeness strategies between Swedish and Japanese discourse. Student surveys and analysis of students’ errors have revealed clear differences in the use of politeness strategies in Swedish and in Japanese context. While the politeness, respect, and formality are closely intertwined in Japanese; the Swedes perceive respect and politeness as separate matters. It is also found that while the Japanese are inclined to using verbal politeness strategies, the Swedes express their respect more through non-verbal actions or behaviors. Various Japanese and Swedish utterances have also been examined to determine the Discourse Politeness Default suggested by Usami (2006) in order to systematize the politeness strategies in ways similar to grammatical rules.

                                                                                                                                                                          

                                                                          

                                                                                                                                                                          

  • 3.
    Aida Niendorf, Mariya
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Språk och medier, Japanska.
    Language education and identity: Discussing identity in the Sweden-U.S. online joint seminars2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 4.
    Alkmim, Tania
    et al.
    University of Campinas.
    Alvarez López, Laura
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    El uso del portugués en comunidades de religiones afrobrasileñas en el Uruguay: un estudio de caso2013Inngår i: Estudios afrolatinoamericanos: nuevos enfoques multidisciplinarios: Actas de las Terceras Jornadas del GEALA / [ed] María de Lourdes Ghidoli, Juan Francisco Martínez Peria, Buenos Aires: Ediciones del CCC Centro Cultural de la Cooperación Floreal Gorini , 2013, s. 587-601Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [es]

    Varios investigadores del campo de las ciencias sociales han señalado que la frontera de Rio Grande do Sul funciona como frente de expansión de las religiones afrobrasileñas para Uruguay y Argentina. Pi Hugarte, autor de una serie de publicaciones sobre las mencionadas religiones en el Uruguay, afirma que “la umbanda del Uruguay ya es un fenómeno cultural propio” (Pi Hugarte, 1992: 45). Eso coincide con la postura de Porzecanski (2008) que se refiere al “ritual afro-uruguayo de la Umbanda”, lo que se puede interpretar como la designación de una modalidad regional de esa religión. Según trabajos anteriores, en los rituales de dicha modalidad regional se emplea el portugués, pero no encontramos investigaciones de carácter lingüístico sobre la difusión de esa lengua como consecuencia de la expansión religiosa o sobre el uso del portugués brasileño y la convivencia de esa variedad con el español regional en el ámbito afroumbandista. Fue así que surgió la idea de realizar un trabajo de campo para observar la comunicación ritual y juntar datos lingüísticos en una comunidad montevideana que se dedica a las prácticas religiosas denominadas Batuque Quimbanda y Umbanda. Aportamos datos empíricos de un estudio de caso para describir el uso del portugués en contextos religiosos entre hablantes nativos de español. Completamos los datos recogidos consultando estudios anteriores para poder ampliar el universo observado y presentar ejemplos de comunidades que no tuvimos la oportunidad de visitar. Las preguntas discutidas son: ¿En qué situaciones comunicativas y por qué razones se utiliza el portugués en contextos religiosos y rituales en el Uruguay? ¿Cuáles son los componentes lingüísticos que se destacan y cuál es su relación con las variedades de español regional y con el lenguaje que se utiliza en comunidades de religión afro en el Brasil?

  • 5.
    Allan, Jon
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Audio level alignment: Evaluation method and performance of EBU R 128 by analyzing fader movements2013Inngår i: 134th Audio Engineering Society Convention 2013: Rome; Italy; 4 May 2013 - 7 May 2013, Red Hook, NY: Curran Associates, Inc., 2013, s. 724-735Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A method is proposed for evaluating audio meters in terms of how the engineer acts with the fader as dependent on the meter and corresponding recommendation at hand. The proposed method is used to evaluate different meter implementations, three conforming to the recommendation EBU R 128 and one conforming to EBU Tech 3205-E. In an experiment, engineers participated in a simulated live broadcast show and the resulting fader movements were recorded. The movements were analyzed in terms of different characteristics: Mean fader level, Fader variability and Fader movement. Significant effects were found showing that engineers do act differently depending on the meter and recommendation at hand. The method was found useful and may complement other methods to give more perspectives when evaluating audio meters

  • 6.
    Allan, Jon
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Evaluation criteria for live loudness meters2015Inngår i: 137th Audio Engineering Society Convention 2014: Los Angeles, California, USA 9-12 October 2014., Red Hook: Curran Associates, Inc., 2015, s. 866-878Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As a response to discrepancies in loudness levels in broadcast, the recommendations of the International Telecommunication Union and the European Broadcasting Union state that audio levels should be regulated based on loudness measurement. These recommendations differ regarding the definition of meter ballistics for live loudness meters, and this paper seeks to identify possible additional information, needed to attain a higher conformity between the recommendations. This work suggests that the qualities we seek in a live loudness meter could be more differentiated for different time scales (i.e. Momentary and Short-term that is defined by two different integration times), and therefore also should be evaluated by different evaluation criteria.

  • 7.
    Allan, Jon
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Evaluation of loudness meters using parameterization of fader movements2014Inngår i: Audio Engineering Society Convention 135, Audio Engineering Society, Inc., 2014, s. 652-662Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The EBU recommendation R 128 regarding loudness normalization, is now generally accepted and countries in Europe are adopting the new recommendation. There is now need to know more about how and when to use the different meter modes, Momentary and Short term, proposed in R 128, as well as to understand how different implementations of R 128 in audio level meters affect the engineers' actions. A method is tentatively proposed for evaluating the performance of audio level meters in live broadcasts. The method was used to evaluate different meter implementations, three of them conforming to the recommendation from EBU, R 128. In an experiment, engineers adjusted audio levels in a simulated live broadcast show and the resulting fader movements were recorded. The movements were parameterized into "Fader movement", "Adjustment time", "Overshoot", etc. Results show that the proposed parameters produced significant differences caused by the meters and that the experience of the engineer operating the fader is a significant factor

  • 8.
    Aman, Robert
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för studier av vuxenutbildning, folkbildning och högre utbildning (VUFo). Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Interculturalism, Geopolitics of Knowledge and the Colonial Difference2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 9.
    Amundin, Mats
    et al.
    Kolmården Wildlife Park.
    Hållsten, Henrik
    Filosofiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Eklund, Robert
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Karlgren, Jussi
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Molinder, Lars
    Carnegie Investment Bank, Swedden.
    A proposal to use distributional models to analyse dolphin vocalisation2017Inngår i: Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Vocal Interactivity in-and-between Humans, Animals and Robots, VIHAR 2017 / [ed] Angela Dassow, Ricard Marxer & Roger K. Moore, 2017, s. 31-32Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper gives a brief introduction to the starting points of an experimental project to study dolphin communicative behaviour using distributional semantics, with methods implemented for the large scale study of human language.

  • 10. Andersson Burnett, Linda
    A Colonial Model for the Scottish Highlands: The Dissemination of Linnaeus’s Expedition to Sápmi in Eighteenth-Century Britain2014Inngår i: Colonizing the North and Meeting the ‘Other’ in the Early Modern and Modern Period, Lund University, 2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 11. Andersson Burnett, Linda
    Selling Sami Stereotypes: The Exhibition of Sami people in Georgian Britain2014Inngår i: Scandinavian and Baltic Studies Conference, Yale University, 2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 12.
    Andersson, Maj-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM.
    Why world cultural heritage?: Democracy, local participation and knowledge production in the world culture nomination of Farms in Hälsingland, Sweden2009Inngår i: The 16th International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (IUAES), Kunming, China, 27 - 31 July, 2009. Humanity, Development and Cultural Diversity: Session: Indigenous Knowledge and Sustainable Development Organizers: Dr. BILLINGS Dorothy and Dr. RUDNEV Viatcheslav, 2009, s. 1-9Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Around the world there is a rush in nominating tangible and intangible sites for UNESCO’s World Culture Heritage List. The requirements for nomination are that the sites have "universal value for mankind", that they are unique and authentic, and there is a need to secure the sites’ sustainable development by opening them up for the tourist industry. Sweden has a total of fourteen natural and cultural heritage sites on the list, one of which is a natural site, twelve are cultural sites, and one is a mixed site. It was anticipated that the large timbered red-painted farmhouses of Hälsingland in the north of Sweden would be listed in June 2009. ICOMOS, however, came to another conclusion and deferred the nomination.

    The nomination process has lasted for over ten years and has been a painstaking process involving the local communities and the county administration board in the county town of Gävle. The local people are partly thrilled, because they assume that there is money to earn when they open up their homes for tourists; an income that for some is badly needed because of the deterioration of the buildings due to the high costs of renovation. But some are openly critical to the entire enterprise, which is seen as a status project for some politicians and threat to the landscape by disturbing the harmony between the built environment, people and the natural landscape. In a cultural heritage nomination process, a complicated interaction arises between expert knowledge and local knowledge, which generates insights that are crucial to capture and dress in words to be able to formulate a successful world heritage proposal and not the least to make it operational.

  • 13.
    Andersson, Maj-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM.
    Why World Culture Heritage? Democracy, local participation and knowledge production in the world culture nomination of Farms in Halsingland, Sweden2011Inngår i: Indigenous Knowledge and Sustainable Development / [ed] Dorothy Billings, Viatcheslav Rudnev, Beijing, China: The Intellectual House , 2011, s. 21-33Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the nomination process of the Swedish heritage site Farms and Villages in Hiilsingland (2007) for UNESCO's World Heritage List. It was anticipated that the large timbered red-painted farmhouses of Halsingland in the north of Sweden would be listed in June 2009, but ICOMOS (International Council on Monuments and Sites) came to another conclusion,  deferred  the  nomination  and  returned  it  to  the  Swedish  authorities  for improvements.

    The  nomination  process  lasted  for  over  10  years  and  has  been  a  painstaking  process involving the local communities and the county administration board in the county town of Gavle. The costs were estimated to be 15 million Swedish Crowns (1.6 million EURO) which did not trickle down to the owners of the farmhouses. The local people were nonetheless thrilled because they assumed that a nomination would benefit them economically, especially if they were prepared to join the tourist circus and make their homes accessible for visitors. The extra income was badly needed since the restoration costs for these large houses in most cases can only with difficulties be carried by the individual house owner. But some were openly critical to the entire enterprise and they saw it as a status project for some politicians and a threat to the perceived harmony between the traditionally built environment and the landscape. A nomination would cause a disruption between old and new ways of living instead of continuity. In a cultural heritage nomination process a complicated interaction arises between expert knowledge and local knowledge, which generates insights that need to be formulated in the final product. Cultural sensitivity and local participation must be pillars in such a project to make it sustainable.

  • 14.
    Andersson Schaeffer, Jennie
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Carlsson, Anna-Lena
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    The method of photo-elicitation from a phenomenological perspective.2014Inngår i: Proceedings of 13th International design conference Design 2014, 2014, s. -58Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a growing interest in the relation between workspace design and innovation. On the one hand, is the idea of designing an “innovation lab” that supports innovation. There are substantial financial investments involved when creating an innovation lab and there is evidence that such spaces can have short useful lifespan and some of them fail because they are not used as intended [Lewis and Moultrie 2005; Fayard and Weeks 2011]. On the other hand, workspaces can be altered by the users for short or long terms to support innovation activities. The users hence become spatial designers themselves. A gap exists in research on the underlying mechanisms, architecture, and dynamics by which organisations can create an environment supporting continuous improvements and radical innovation on both individual and organisational levels [Turner, Swart and Maylor 2013, Turner and Lee-Kelly 2013]. From design research we can contribute with a perspective on the underlying mechanisms and the dynamics in play in the area of workspace design and innovation. We can form the design research for the innovation labs, i.e. utopian specifically designed spaces for innovation, or the relationship between innovation, users and daily workspaces. We have chosen to acknowledge and study the complexity in relations between users, daily workspaces and innovation. Our hypothesis was that photo-elicitation could be a method to study that weave of complexity and research underlying dynamics.

    In this article we discuss the method of the photo-elicitated interview (PEI), as a tool in human-centred design research with respect to context and workspace. A phenomenological perspective focus on the human experience, examine and clarify situations, events and experiences as they occurs spontaneously in daily life (Seamon, 2000). This article intend to provide background theories from phenomenology and examples from an empirical study to discuss if and how PEI is instrumental in getting information from interviewees about their relation to their workspaces and innovation. Although the phenomenological theoretical perspective is relevant and therefore used here to describe human relation to workspaces and discuss the method, our use of specific notions from phenomenology aims firstly to support the analyse of the method to inform design research, and is not intended develop the phenomenological concepts themselves.

  • 15.
    Andersson, Åsa
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för hälsa och kultur.
    The Multicultural Presence in Contemporary Swedish Film2007Inngår i: Inter: A European Cultural Studies : Conference in Sweden 11-13 June 2007, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2007, s. 103-108Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 16.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM.
    Closing panel: Sharing wisdom and reflections on the enduring questions2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a written contribution to the concluding session of the conference on displacement and resettlement at the University of Oxford. Parts of this text has been incorporated in the final paper "Concluding Session: Reflections on the Enduring Questions in Development-Induced Displacement and Resettlement" chaired by Susan Tamondong (main author).

  • 17.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM.
    On knowledge production and local participation2007Inngår i: NOHA – ECHO Presidency: Seminar on Changing Scope of Humanitarian Action. Lisbon, Portugal 9-12 October 2007, 2007, s. 1-16Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Local participation, beneficiary participation, informed participation, or, folkligt deltagande (peoples’ participation [Swe.] ), are concepts that are highly used and appreciated in development projects as well as in the field of humanitarian action. In the present introductory paper, I will discuss this concept and refer to it as “local participation” or only “participation” for the sake of convenience, although I am very much aware of the refinement of the concept expressed in the different forms of the word as mentioned above. I am not questioning the concept per se, and I will not dwell on the meaning of it. Instead, I am concerned with the outcomes of local participation, that is the knowledge produced and I would like to take this knowledge and merge into a universal (global) knowledge production, with the purpose of getting a way from the associated locality of the concept, which makes it both vulnerable and at the same time powerful.

  • 18.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Participation in involuntary resettlement: a study of local bargaining2003Inngår i: IUAES. International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences. XV ICAES 2K3Hu: Humankind/Nature Interaction: Past, Present, and Future. Florence, Italy, July 5th-12th 2003. Abstract Book Vol II., 2003, s. 1-31Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I argue that the experience from the Zimapán resettlement project shows that in its present form local participation cannot reconcile the contradictions between negotiation, participation and the fait accompli decision to build a dam. It is necessary to consider both the implementing party and the local people, and to study the dynamic social relations, the in-between-space, created between the parties during the implementation phase.

  • 19.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM.
    The Local Landscape - an arena of knowledge exchange: natural heritage, tourism and business  2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with the multitude of relations between local people and their environment and the demands of the tourists for authentic experiences in their encounter with people and landscape. The argument is that their is a need to bridge the gap between theory and practice in the academic view on the topic.  

  • 20.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM.
    The Reestablishment of Routine Cultures in Displaced Societies2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to contribute to the longitudinal studies of DFDR by presenting ethnographic material from the Zimapán resettlement project in Mexico. The data is analyzed through a lens of anthropological and heritage theories. The role of anthropology in contested projects is also discussed.

  • 21.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM.
    The Setting of Negotiation Agendas in Involuntary Resettlement2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    International polices on involuntary resettlement have been developed for the last 30 years following the ground breaking World Bank guidelines from the 1980s.  The World Bank is now reviewing their safeguards on involuntary resettlement presented in The Environmental and Social Safeguards Frame (ESF) (2014).These policies partially set the agenda for the protracted and conflictive on-the ground negotiations between the main stakeholders (lender, client (government or private) and the people to be displaced. In these policies, the participatory model has been in focus in order to empower and strengthening the community engagement. This paper argues that it is not about participation per se, but about negotiations. 

  • 22.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM.
    Downing, Theodore E
    University of Arizona.
    Five Sides of the Same Coin: The Place of Global Policy Frameworks in the Setting of Negotiation Agendas of Involuntary Resettlement2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contributes to the discussion of the role of policy guidelines in involuntary resettlement projects in the light of the World Bank´s revision of its safeguards Environmental and Social Safeguards (2014). The paper concludes that the present and proposed guidelines do not take into consideration the complexity on the ground in these kinds of stressful projects.  The authors have a unique possibility to compare "inside and outside" events and decisions as one of the author was embedded in the local culture while the other one was the assigned resettlement expert of the lenders.

  • 23.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM.
    Utan, Ûnal
    Who Owns the Local Landscape?: Local Peoples' Rights and Tourism2006Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The presence of a rich intangible and tangible cultural heritage is closely connected to the tourist industry and its economic potentials. But who earns? Who develops? And what is the dynamics between the external and local agents? The purpose ot this paper is to explore these complex and dialectic relations between local and foreign adventure enterprises that operate in the tourist industry.

  • 24.
    Aronsson, Peter
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för studier av samhällsutveckling och kultur, Tema Kultur och samhälle – Tema Q. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Comparing National Museums: Methodological Reflections2008Inngår i: NaMu IV: Comparing: National Museums,Territories, Nation-Building and Change / [ed] Peter Aronsson; Andreas Nyblom, Linköping, Sweden: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2008, s. 5-20Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The article sets out to define the need for comparing national museums as complex cultural processes. To do this questions are developed that concern the workings of institutions as arenas for cultural policy and identity politics in relation to central fields of knowledge. Methodological considerations for designing a comparative project are presented; and finally four fields of comparative endeavours related to different sets of state-making processes are presented:

    An all-encompassing European comparison (including colonial endeavours) on the path taken by various nations to establish the place of national museums and the role they play in the creation of community.

    An in-depth study of how the national display in a selection of countries creates visions of cultural community. How do they deal with differences and belongings on a super-national level and how do they relate to regional differences?

    From a citizens’ perspective the intentions of cultural policy or institutional ambitions might be of little importance. This part will simulate visitor experience of national narratives in a comparative selection of capitals from project one; in order to develop an understanding of how citizen experience relates to the more structural findings in the other sub-projects and hence map in what directions citizenship and community are moving through contemporary displays of national community.

    The place of national museums in changing knowledge regimes.

  • 25.
    Aronsson, Peter
    Linköpings universitet.
    Kulturarv och historiebruk2012Inngår i: Kulturaliseringens samhälle: problemorienterad kulturvetenskaplig forskning vid Tema Q 2002-2012: Tema Q jubileumssymposium 19-20 januari 2012, Norrköping Sweden / [ed] Svante Beckman, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2012, s. 34-50Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 26.
    Arvastson, Gösta
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Periferins platser2001Inngår i: Konferens vid Chalmers, arkitektursektionen, 2001, s. 15-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 27.
    Arvidsson, Alf
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Life Stories of Swedish Jazz Musicians: Stars and Sidemen, Actors and Witnesses2014Inngår i: Narratives across space and time: Transmissions and adaptions., Aten: Academy of Athens , 2014, Vol. 1, s. 25-36Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 28.
    Arvidsson, Alf
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    The present-day composer: Performing individuality and producing on commission2011Inngår i: Current Issues in European Cultural Studies June 15–17, Norrköping, Sweden 2011 / [ed] Martin Fredriksson, linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2011, s. 515-520Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 29.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Teknik- och vetenskapshistoria (bytt namn 20120201).
    Constructing industrial futures for the Arctic2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The circumpolar north has become increasingly important as a potential supply area for minerals, fossil energy resources and new shorter routes for international shipping. Allthough mining, oil and gas extraction are not new activities in the Arctic, the prospect of an ice free Arctic ocean may open possibilities for resource extraction in areas where such activities used to be unthinkable. Such visions of the future of the Arctic are not new however, there are several examples in the history of the Arctic of economic actors formulating visions of what the future of the region should be. The objective of this paper is to analyze the production of future visions for the Arctic by actors within large scale natural resource utilization industries historically and their influence on the economy and politics of the region. The paper will focus on actors involved in the coal mining industry in the Arctic archipelago Spitsbergen / Svalbard from 1898-present. The main research questions are: what futures visions have been produced by actors within the Spitsbergen coal mining industry and why? To what extent have these future visions gained influence in different time periods and why? How has companies and governments interacted in order to strengthen political influence and/or control over natural resources?

     

    The paper is based on analyses of sources from two contexts in which companies outlined their visions of the future of Spitsbergen – in written documents and material objects. Companies promoted their visions of the future in the form of narratives published in company prospects, expedition reports, annual reports, articles in professional journals and in correspondence with potential allies such as government bodies. They also formulated their visions by constructing buildings and technological systems in the landscape of Spitsbergen – material representations of potential, real or unlikely futures, economic and / or political.

     

    I will show that the Spitsbergen mining companies used their future visions in order to build actor networks. By constructing narratives about potential futures, they tried to enroll capital owners and political actors in to actor-networks strong enough to realize their visions. In a similar way, actors within politics and science included industry in their future visions in order to push their own agendas. Therefore, although the future visions of Arctic industry had many similar traits, the actors producing the visions often had quit different motives for producing them – economic visions hiding political agendas and strategic considerations. Moreover, the future visions has changed over the course of the 20th century, as result of the changing economic and political contexts on Svalbard and in Europe and the USA.

     

    The results suggest that Arctic future visions produced by industrial companies become influential if the companies share common interests with other influential actors (governments) and if they are able to build strong networks with such actors. Moreover, they show that Arctic future visions are most often elements in strategies aimed at achieving goals outside of the Arctic. The results can be used to deepen our understanding of the mineral and energy projects that underpin contemporary Arctic futures.

  • 30.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    Constructing the pasts of competing Spitsbergen futures: Russian heritage in action2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 31.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    Constructing the pasts of polar futures: the Janus face of polar heritage2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 32.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    Creating sustainable development in the Arctic: abandoned extraction sites as assets for new Arctic futures2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The impacts of climate change on polar cultural heritage have received an increasing attention in recent years within the field of heritage research. Less attention has been place on other processes of global change affecting the Arctic, where cultural heritage plays an important role – industrialization and de-industrialization. In recent years the circumpolar Arctic has been affected by a global mining boom, triggered by high world market prices on minerals as well as notions of the Arctic as a future arena for resource extraction in the wake of climate change. This mining boom is affecting communities in much of the Arctic region and holds a central place in debates about sustainable development there. A central item of these discussions focus on the question of how to handle the physical remains of mining sites once the boom is over and the activities have seized. The attitudes to abandoned mining sites differ across the Arctic. In some cases they have been perceived as unwanted legacies of problematic pasts, making land reclamation a preferred strategy. In other cases abandoned mines and associated infrastructures have been re-defined as cultural heritage and have become anchor points for local identities and a resource for new economies.

    The objective of this paper is to present a research project aiming to explain these differences in order to understand under which circumstances abandoned large-scale resource extraction sites can be turned into resources for new futures in post-industrial Arctic communities. The focus is on the European Arctic, but in a circumpolar and bi-polar comparative perspective. The main questions are: how have different groups of actors interpreted and used physical remains of abandoned resource extraction operations, and why? Which policies are needed to turn abandoned resource extraction sites into resources for constructing new futures in the Arctic? By addressing these questions, the field of heritage studies can make an important contribution to the discussion on sustainable futures in the Arctic.

  • 33.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    Creating sustainable development in the Arctic: abandoned extraction sites as assets for new futures2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The impacts of climate change on polar cultural heritage have received an increasing attention in recent years within the field of heritage research. Less attention has been place on other processes of global change affecting the Arctic, where cultural heritage plays an important role – industrialization and de-industrialization. In recent years the circumpolar Arctic has been affected by a global mining boom, triggered by high world market prices on minerals as well as notions of the Arctic as a future arena for resource extraction in the wake of climate change. This mining boom is affecting communities in much of the Arctic region and holds a central place in debates about sustainable development there. A central item of these discussions focus on the question of how to handle the physical remains of mining sites once the boom is over and the activities have seized. The attitudes to abandoned mining sites differ across the Arctic. In some cases they have been perceived as unwanted legacies of problematic pasts, making land reclamation a preferred strategy. In other cases abandoned mines and associated infrastructures have been re-defined as cultural heritage and have become anchor points for local identities and a resource for new economies.

    The objective of this paper is to present preliminary results from a research project aiming to explain these differences in order to understand under which circumstances abandoned large-scale resource extraction sites can be turned into resources for new futures in post-industrial Arctic communities. The focus is on the European Arctic, but in a circumpolar and bi-polar comparative perspective. The main questions are: how have different groups of actors interpreted and used physical remains of abandoned resource extraction operations, and why? Which policies are needed to turn abandoned resource extraction sites into resources for constructing new futures in the Arctic? By addressing these questions, the field of industrial heritage studies can make an important contribution to the discussion on sustainable futures in the Arctic.

  • 34.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    Kampen om naturresurserna2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 35.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    Sustainable Communities and the Legacies of Mining in the Nordic Arctic2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 36.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    The Greening of Arctic Mining Landscapes: The Politics of Industrial Heritage at Svalbard2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 37.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    Valfångst, industriarv och geopolitik i Sydatlanten2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 38.
    Avango, Dag
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    Roberts, Peder
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    Why history and industrial heritage matter for Arctic communities2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 39.
    Avango, Dag
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    Robin, Libby
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    Placing the Anthropocene2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 40.
    Axell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Lärande, Estetik, Naturvetenskap (LEN). Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Boström, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering, Växjö, Sweden.
    Preschoolers’ Conceptions of Technological Artefacts and Gender in Picture Books2016Inngår i: PATT-32 Proceedings Technology Education for 21st Century Skills / [ed] J. de Vries, Arien Bekker-Holtland and Gerald van Dijk, ITEEA , 2016, s. 57-64Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Picture books are a frequent element of daily preschool activities (Damber, Nilsson & Ohlsson, 2013; Simonsson, 2004; SOU 2006:75). They are important pedagogical tools that can help children acquire an understanding of the everyday technology they come in contact with, as well as the human application of technology (Axell, 2015; Axell & Boström, 2015). These are skills that are emphasised in the Swedish preschool curriculum. In the curriculum it is also stated that the preschool should counteract traditional gender patterns and gender roles (Skolverket, 2010). However, an investigation of a selection of picture books aimed at preschool children shows that the books content is somewhat problematic. Many of the picture books provide a focus on the function of separate artefacts without any sort of context or explanation of their implications in a societal context. There also tends to be an emphasis on traditional masculine-coded technology in the books. Building and making and working with machines is depicted as a male activity. The male stereotype is essentially connected with different kinds of vehicles like cars, airplanes, motorbikes, tractors etc. (Axell & Boström, 2015; See also Holbrok, 2008). Based on these previous findings, the aim of this pilot study was to obtain an initial concept about how children’s literature may influence preschool children’s view on technological artefacts. The study was conducted through semi-structured interviews with four five-year-olds, two girls and two boys. Through a thematic analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2006) three overarching themes were identified: The relationship between design and function, anthropomorphic animals as users of artefacts, and gender and artefacts. Some of the key findings were that the 5-year-olds did not know what “technology” is, but had good knowledge about tools. Additionally, they did not genderise any of the artefacts included in the study.

  • 41.
    Balksten, Kristin
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Understanding historic mortars and their variations: a condition for performing restoration with traditional materials2010Inngår i: 2nd Conference on Historic Mortars - HMC 2010 and RILEM TC 203-RHM final workshop / [ed] J. Válek, C. Groot and J.J. Hughes, Prague: Inst. of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Acad. of Sciences of the Czech Republic , 2010, s. 11-18Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to design a restoration mortar with properties and composition similar to the original mortar, it is important to analyze the historic mortar in several ways. A combination of analyses give information about the mixing ratio between binder and aggregates, chemical composition of the mortar, additives, tool marks, application technique etc. This paper shows the variations in Swedish medieval lime mortars with a high content of binder. By analysing historic mortar with a combination of ocular investigations, microscopically studies of thin section specimens, Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Powder Diffraction, all the information needed for designing a restoration mortar, with composition and properties similar to the historic mortar, is gained.

  • 42.
    Barrett, Michael
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Adulthood and Moral Economy: Critical Perspectives from a Changing Western Zambia2002Inngår i: Bi-annual Conference of the European Association of Social Anthropologists, Copenhagen, Denmark , 2002Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 43.
    Barrett, Michael
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Adulthood in an economy of decline: livelihood, life cycles and morality in Western Zambia2002Inngår i: Annual Conference of the American Anthropological Association, New Orleans, LA, USA , 2002Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 44.
    Begnert, Fabian
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Ekman, Håkan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Difference between the EBU R-128 meter recommendation and human subjective loudness perception2012Inngår i: 131st Audio Engineering Society convention 2011: New York, New York, USA, 20 - 23 October 2011, Red Hook, NY: Curran Associates, Inc., 2012, Vol. 1, s. 40-49Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The vast loudness span of broadcast sound can be reduced by the use of loudness meters. In an ideal case, the measured and the perceived loudness would be equal. A loudness meter fulfilling the EBU R-128 recommendation was investigated for its correspondence with perceived loudness. Several sound stimuli with large loudness differences representing five different types of broadcast program material were normalized to have equal meter measured loudness level. Subjects listened to pairwise presentations of the normalized stimuli, which they subsequently set to have equal perceived loudness. The settings were recorded and analyzed. The results show that the normalization yields both equal as well as different perceived loudness between program types. The maximum difference was ±2.8 dB

  • 45.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Evaluation of perceived spatial audio quality2005Inngår i: Proceedings 2005: July 10 - 13, 2005, Orlando, Florida, USA / [ed] Nagib Callaos, Orlando, Fla: IIIS , 2005, Vol. 1, s. 216-221Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The increased use of audio applications capable of conveying enhanced spatial quality puts focus on how such a quality should be evaluated. Different approaches to evaluation of perceived quality are briefly discussed and a new technique is introduced. In a series of experiment, attributes were elicited from subjects, tested and subsequently used for derivation of evaluation scales that were feasible for subjective evaluation of the spatial quality of certain multichannel stimuli. The findings of these experiments led to the development of a novel method for evaluation of spatial audio in surround sound systems. Parts of the method were subsequently implemented in the OPAQUE software prototype designed to facilitate the elicitation process. The prototype was successfully tested in a pilot experiment. The experiments show that attribute scales derived from subjects' personal constructs are functional for evaluation of perceived spatial audio quality. Finally, conclusions on the importance of spatial quality evaluation of new applications are made.

  • 46.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    OPAQUE: a tool for the elicitation and grading of audio quality attributes2005Inngår i: AES 118th Convention: Preprints, Audio Engineering Society, Inc., 2005, Vol. nr 6480Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The evaluation of different aspects of audio quality can be realised by means of attribute scales. Studies have shown that the attributes selected are of great importance for the evaluation result. Consequently, the process whereby these attributes are generated has to be given careful consideration. It was previously shown that elements from the repertory grid technique facilitated the elicitation and grading of quality attributes, which resulted in a new audio quality evaluation method. The result from this work has now been implemented as a software prototype aimed to support listening tests. This paper reports on the results from a pilot experiment involving the OPAQUE software

  • 47.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Software-aided elicitiation and grading of audio quality attributes2006Inngår i: Proceedings: International Audio Convention / VDT / [ed] Günther Theile, Bergisch-Gladbach: Verband Deutscher Tonmeister , 2006Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Audio quality evaluation can be accomplished by means of attribute scales and selection of the attributes is of great importance for the evaluation result. Hence, the process generating these attributes has to be given careful consideration. Previous research has shown that elements from the repertory grid technique facilitated the elicitation and grading of quality attributes. To simplify such an attribute generation process, a software-aided solution was utilised. The software was tested in an experiment where listeners considered differently processed audio samples. The results show that attributes relevant for describing the quality differences of the audio samples were generated.

  • 48.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    The contrasting and conflicting definitions of envelopment2009Inngår i: 126th Audio Engineering Society convention 2009: Munich, Germany, 7 - 10 May 2009, Red Hook, NY: Curran Associates, Inc., 2009, Vol. 2, artikkel-id 7808Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In spatial audio, the term envelopment is not unambiguously defined and the different de facto definitions both overlap and contradict one another. This unclarity may pose a problem where the sensation of being surrounded by sound is subject for investigation and analysis. This paper reviews the different concepts of envelopment in order to point to where possible problems may occur. A tentative suggestion for a terminology that can serve the different contexts of enveloping sounds is also given.

  • 49.
    Berg, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Allan, Jon
    Effect of minimizing spatial separation and melodic variations in simultaneously presented two-syllable words2008Inngår i: Audio Engineering Society Convention 124th: Audio Engineering Society Convention Papers, Curran Associates, Inc., 2008, artikkel-id 7409Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study will examine two important factors for the conception Auditory Streaming defined by Bregman, pitch and localization. By removing one or two of these factors as possible identifiers to separate sound sources, the importance of each of them and the effect of reducing both of them will be studied. Stimuli with combinations of two-syllable words will be presented simultaneously in speakers to subjects and the number of correct identifications will be measured. In one category of stimuli speech melody will be removed and replaced with a monotonous pitch, equal for all words. One category will have all words presented from one speaker only. A significant effect was found for pitch as a factor for successful segregation of words. Conclusions will be related to earlier studies and common theories, the Cocktail party effect among others.

  • 50.
    Berg, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Ekman, Håkan
    Difference between musicians and sound engineers in estimation of egocentric source distance in a concert hall stereophonic recording2006Inngår i: The Future of Audio Technology - Surround and Beyond: Proceedings of the AES 28th International Conference, Audio Engineering Society, Inc., 2006, Vol. Paper Number: 8-2Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In sound recording, an important dimension is the perceived distance to the sound sources. This study investigates if there is a difference between sound engineers and musicians when they consider the perceived distance to sound sources recorded in a concert hall and reproduced by means of a two-channel stereo system. Also which distance is preferred is investigated for different instruments. The result shows that sound engineers perceive a greater distance to sources and that they prefer more close microphone distance than musicians.

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