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  • 1.
    Alkmim, Tania
    et al.
    University of Campinas.
    Alvarez López, Laura
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    El uso del portugués en comunidades de religiones afrobrasileñas en el Uruguay: un estudio de caso2013Inngår i: Estudios afrolatinoamericanos: nuevos enfoques multidisciplinarios: Actas de las Terceras Jornadas del GEALA / [ed] María de Lourdes Ghidoli, Juan Francisco Martínez Peria, Buenos Aires: Ediciones del CCC Centro Cultural de la Cooperación Floreal Gorini , 2013, s. 587-601Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [es]

    Varios investigadores del campo de las ciencias sociales han señalado que la frontera de Rio Grande do Sul funciona como frente de expansión de las religiones afrobrasileñas para Uruguay y Argentina. Pi Hugarte, autor de una serie de publicaciones sobre las mencionadas religiones en el Uruguay, afirma que “la umbanda del Uruguay ya es un fenómeno cultural propio” (Pi Hugarte, 1992: 45). Eso coincide con la postura de Porzecanski (2008) que se refiere al “ritual afro-uruguayo de la Umbanda”, lo que se puede interpretar como la designación de una modalidad regional de esa religión. Según trabajos anteriores, en los rituales de dicha modalidad regional se emplea el portugués, pero no encontramos investigaciones de carácter lingüístico sobre la difusión de esa lengua como consecuencia de la expansión religiosa o sobre el uso del portugués brasileño y la convivencia de esa variedad con el español regional en el ámbito afroumbandista. Fue así que surgió la idea de realizar un trabajo de campo para observar la comunicación ritual y juntar datos lingüísticos en una comunidad montevideana que se dedica a las prácticas religiosas denominadas Batuque Quimbanda y Umbanda. Aportamos datos empíricos de un estudio de caso para describir el uso del portugués en contextos religiosos entre hablantes nativos de español. Completamos los datos recogidos consultando estudios anteriores para poder ampliar el universo observado y presentar ejemplos de comunidades que no tuvimos la oportunidad de visitar. Las preguntas discutidas son: ¿En qué situaciones comunicativas y por qué razones se utiliza el portugués en contextos religiosos y rituales en el Uruguay? ¿Cuáles son los componentes lingüísticos que se destacan y cuál es su relación con las variedades de español regional y con el lenguaje que se utiliza en comunidades de religión afro en el Brasil?

  • 2.
    Allan, Jon
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Audio level alignment: Evaluation method and performance of EBU R 128 by analyzing fader movements2013Inngår i: 134th Audio Engineering Society Convention 2013: Rome; Italy; 4 May 2013 - 7 May 2013, Red Hook, NY: Curran Associates, Inc., 2013, s. 724-735Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A method is proposed for evaluating audio meters in terms of how the engineer acts with the fader as dependent on the meter and corresponding recommendation at hand. The proposed method is used to evaluate different meter implementations, three conforming to the recommendation EBU R 128 and one conforming to EBU Tech 3205-E. In an experiment, engineers participated in a simulated live broadcast show and the resulting fader movements were recorded. The movements were analyzed in terms of different characteristics: Mean fader level, Fader variability and Fader movement. Significant effects were found showing that engineers do act differently depending on the meter and recommendation at hand. The method was found useful and may complement other methods to give more perspectives when evaluating audio meters

  • 3.
    Allan, Jon
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Evaluation criteria for live loudness meters2015Inngår i: 137th Audio Engineering Society Convention 2014: Los Angeles, California, USA 9-12 October 2014., Red Hook: Curran Associates, Inc., 2015, s. 866-878Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As a response to discrepancies in loudness levels in broadcast, the recommendations of the International Telecommunication Union and the European Broadcasting Union state that audio levels should be regulated based on loudness measurement. These recommendations differ regarding the definition of meter ballistics for live loudness meters, and this paper seeks to identify possible additional information, needed to attain a higher conformity between the recommendations. This work suggests that the qualities we seek in a live loudness meter could be more differentiated for different time scales (i.e. Momentary and Short-term that is defined by two different integration times), and therefore also should be evaluated by different evaluation criteria.

  • 4.
    Allan, Jon
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Evaluation of loudness meters using parameterization of fader movements2014Inngår i: Audio Engineering Society Convention 135, Audio Engineering Society, Inc., 2014, s. 652-662Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The EBU recommendation R 128 regarding loudness normalization, is now generally accepted and countries in Europe are adopting the new recommendation. There is now need to know more about how and when to use the different meter modes, Momentary and Short term, proposed in R 128, as well as to understand how different implementations of R 128 in audio level meters affect the engineers' actions. A method is tentatively proposed for evaluating the performance of audio level meters in live broadcasts. The method was used to evaluate different meter implementations, three of them conforming to the recommendation from EBU, R 128. In an experiment, engineers adjusted audio levels in a simulated live broadcast show and the resulting fader movements were recorded. The movements were parameterized into "Fader movement", "Adjustment time", "Overshoot", etc. Results show that the proposed parameters produced significant differences caused by the meters and that the experience of the engineer operating the fader is a significant factor

  • 5.
    Aman, Robert
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för studier av vuxenutbildning, folkbildning och högre utbildning (VUFo). Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Interculturalism, Geopolitics of Knowledge and the Colonial Difference2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 6.
    Amundin, Mats
    et al.
    Kolmården Wildlife Park.
    Hållsten, Henrik
    Filosofiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Eklund, Robert
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Karlgren, Jussi
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Molinder, Lars
    Carnegie Investment Bank, Swedden.
    A proposal to use distributional models to analyse dolphin vocalisation2017Inngår i: Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Vocal Interactivity in-and-between Humans, Animals and Robots, VIHAR 2017 / [ed] Angela Dassow, Ricard Marxer & Roger K. Moore, 2017, s. 31-32Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper gives a brief introduction to the starting points of an experimental project to study dolphin communicative behaviour using distributional semantics, with methods implemented for the large scale study of human language.

  • 7.
    Andersson, Maj-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM.
    Why world cultural heritage?: Democracy, local participation and knowledge production in the world culture nomination of Farms in Hälsingland, Sweden2009Inngår i: The 16th International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (IUAES), Kunming, China, 27 - 31 July, 2009. Humanity, Development and Cultural Diversity: Session: Indigenous Knowledge and Sustainable Development Organizers: Dr. BILLINGS Dorothy and Dr. RUDNEV Viatcheslav, 2009, s. 1-9Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Around the world there is a rush in nominating tangible and intangible sites for UNESCO’s World Culture Heritage List. The requirements for nomination are that the sites have "universal value for mankind", that they are unique and authentic, and there is a need to secure the sites’ sustainable development by opening them up for the tourist industry. Sweden has a total of fourteen natural and cultural heritage sites on the list, one of which is a natural site, twelve are cultural sites, and one is a mixed site. It was anticipated that the large timbered red-painted farmhouses of Hälsingland in the north of Sweden would be listed in June 2009. ICOMOS, however, came to another conclusion and deferred the nomination.

    The nomination process has lasted for over ten years and has been a painstaking process involving the local communities and the county administration board in the county town of Gävle. The local people are partly thrilled, because they assume that there is money to earn when they open up their homes for tourists; an income that for some is badly needed because of the deterioration of the buildings due to the high costs of renovation. But some are openly critical to the entire enterprise, which is seen as a status project for some politicians and threat to the landscape by disturbing the harmony between the built environment, people and the natural landscape. In a cultural heritage nomination process, a complicated interaction arises between expert knowledge and local knowledge, which generates insights that are crucial to capture and dress in words to be able to formulate a successful world heritage proposal and not the least to make it operational.

  • 8.
    Andersson, Maj-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM.
    Why World Culture Heritage? Democracy, local participation and knowledge production in the world culture nomination of Farms in Halsingland, Sweden2011Inngår i: Indigenous Knowledge and Sustainable Development / [ed] Dorothy Billings, Viatcheslav Rudnev, Beijing, China: The Intellectual House , 2011, s. 21-33Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the nomination process of the Swedish heritage site Farms and Villages in Hiilsingland (2007) for UNESCO's World Heritage List. It was anticipated that the large timbered red-painted farmhouses of Halsingland in the north of Sweden would be listed in June 2009, but ICOMOS (International Council on Monuments and Sites) came to another conclusion,  deferred  the  nomination  and  returned  it  to  the  Swedish  authorities  for improvements.

    The  nomination  process  lasted  for  over  10  years  and  has  been  a  painstaking  process involving the local communities and the county administration board in the county town of Gavle. The costs were estimated to be 15 million Swedish Crowns (1.6 million EURO) which did not trickle down to the owners of the farmhouses. The local people were nonetheless thrilled because they assumed that a nomination would benefit them economically, especially if they were prepared to join the tourist circus and make their homes accessible for visitors. The extra income was badly needed since the restoration costs for these large houses in most cases can only with difficulties be carried by the individual house owner. But some were openly critical to the entire enterprise and they saw it as a status project for some politicians and a threat to the perceived harmony between the traditionally built environment and the landscape. A nomination would cause a disruption between old and new ways of living instead of continuity. In a cultural heritage nomination process a complicated interaction arises between expert knowledge and local knowledge, which generates insights that need to be formulated in the final product. Cultural sensitivity and local participation must be pillars in such a project to make it sustainable.

  • 9.
    Andersson Schaeffer, Jennie
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Carlsson, Anna-Lena
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    The method of photo-elicitation from a phenomenological perspective.2014Inngår i: Proceedings of 13th International design conference Design 2014, 2014, s. -58Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a growing interest in the relation between workspace design and innovation. On the one hand, is the idea of designing an “innovation lab” that supports innovation. There are substantial financial investments involved when creating an innovation lab and there is evidence that such spaces can have short useful lifespan and some of them fail because they are not used as intended [Lewis and Moultrie 2005; Fayard and Weeks 2011]. On the other hand, workspaces can be altered by the users for short or long terms to support innovation activities. The users hence become spatial designers themselves. A gap exists in research on the underlying mechanisms, architecture, and dynamics by which organisations can create an environment supporting continuous improvements and radical innovation on both individual and organisational levels [Turner, Swart and Maylor 2013, Turner and Lee-Kelly 2013]. From design research we can contribute with a perspective on the underlying mechanisms and the dynamics in play in the area of workspace design and innovation. We can form the design research for the innovation labs, i.e. utopian specifically designed spaces for innovation, or the relationship between innovation, users and daily workspaces. We have chosen to acknowledge and study the complexity in relations between users, daily workspaces and innovation. Our hypothesis was that photo-elicitation could be a method to study that weave of complexity and research underlying dynamics.

    In this article we discuss the method of the photo-elicitated interview (PEI), as a tool in human-centred design research with respect to context and workspace. A phenomenological perspective focus on the human experience, examine and clarify situations, events and experiences as they occurs spontaneously in daily life (Seamon, 2000). This article intend to provide background theories from phenomenology and examples from an empirical study to discuss if and how PEI is instrumental in getting information from interviewees about their relation to their workspaces and innovation. Although the phenomenological theoretical perspective is relevant and therefore used here to describe human relation to workspaces and discuss the method, our use of specific notions from phenomenology aims firstly to support the analyse of the method to inform design research, and is not intended develop the phenomenological concepts themselves.

  • 10.
    Andersson, Åsa
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för hälsa och kultur.
    The Multicultural Presence in Contemporary Swedish Film2007Inngår i: Inter: A European Cultural Studies : Conference in Sweden 11-13 June 2007, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2007, s. 103-108Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 11.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM.
    On knowledge production and local participation2007Inngår i: NOHA – ECHO Presidency: Seminar on Changing Scope of Humanitarian Action. Lisbon, Portugal 9-12 October 2007, 2007, s. 1-16Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Local participation, beneficiary participation, informed participation, or, folkligt deltagande (peoples’ participation [Swe.] ), are concepts that are highly used and appreciated in development projects as well as in the field of humanitarian action. In the present introductory paper, I will discuss this concept and refer to it as “local participation” or only “participation” for the sake of convenience, although I am very much aware of the refinement of the concept expressed in the different forms of the word as mentioned above. I am not questioning the concept per se, and I will not dwell on the meaning of it. Instead, I am concerned with the outcomes of local participation, that is the knowledge produced and I would like to take this knowledge and merge into a universal (global) knowledge production, with the purpose of getting a way from the associated locality of the concept, which makes it both vulnerable and at the same time powerful.

  • 12.
    Aronsson, Inga-Lill
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Participation in involuntary resettlement: a study of local bargaining2003Inngår i: IUAES. International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences. XV ICAES 2K3Hu: Humankind/Nature Interaction: Past, Present, and Future. Florence, Italy, July 5th-12th 2003. Abstract Book Vol II., 2003, s. 1-31Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I argue that the experience from the Zimapán resettlement project shows that in its present form local participation cannot reconcile the contradictions between negotiation, participation and the fait accompli decision to build a dam. It is necessary to consider both the implementing party and the local people, and to study the dynamic social relations, the in-between-space, created between the parties during the implementation phase.

  • 13.
    Aronsson, Peter
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för studier av samhällsutveckling och kultur, Tema Kultur och samhälle – Tema Q. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Comparing National Museums: Methodological Reflections2008Inngår i: NaMu IV: Comparing: National Museums,Territories, Nation-Building and Change / [ed] Peter Aronsson; Andreas Nyblom, Linköping, Sweden: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2008, s. 5-20Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The article sets out to define the need for comparing national museums as complex cultural processes. To do this questions are developed that concern the workings of institutions as arenas for cultural policy and identity politics in relation to central fields of knowledge. Methodological considerations for designing a comparative project are presented; and finally four fields of comparative endeavours related to different sets of state-making processes are presented:

    An all-encompassing European comparison (including colonial endeavours) on the path taken by various nations to establish the place of national museums and the role they play in the creation of community.

    An in-depth study of how the national display in a selection of countries creates visions of cultural community. How do they deal with differences and belongings on a super-national level and how do they relate to regional differences?

    From a citizens’ perspective the intentions of cultural policy or institutional ambitions might be of little importance. This part will simulate visitor experience of national narratives in a comparative selection of capitals from project one; in order to develop an understanding of how citizen experience relates to the more structural findings in the other sub-projects and hence map in what directions citizenship and community are moving through contemporary displays of national community.

    The place of national museums in changing knowledge regimes.

  • 14.
    Aronsson, Peter
    Linköpings universitet.
    Kulturarv och historiebruk2012Inngår i: Kulturaliseringens samhälle: problemorienterad kulturvetenskaplig forskning vid Tema Q 2002-2012: Tema Q jubileumssymposium 19-20 januari 2012, Norrköping Sweden / [ed] Svante Beckman, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2012, s. 34-50Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 15.
    Arvastson, Gösta
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Periferins platser2001Inngår i: Konferens vid Chalmers, arkitektursektionen, 2001, s. 15-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 16.
    Arvidsson, Alf
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Life Stories of Swedish Jazz Musicians: Stars and Sidemen, Actors and Witnesses2014Inngår i: Narratives across space and time: Transmissions and adaptions., Aten: Academy of Athens , 2014, Vol. 1, s. 25-36Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17.
    Arvidsson, Alf
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    The present-day composer: Performing individuality and producing on commission2011Inngår i: Current Issues in European Cultural Studies June 15–17, Norrköping, Sweden 2011 / [ed] Martin Fredriksson, linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2011, s. 515-520Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 18.
    Axell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Lärande, Estetik, Naturvetenskap (LEN). Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Boström, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering, Växjö, Sweden.
    Preschoolers’ Conceptions of Technological Artefacts and Gender in Picture Books2016Inngår i: PATT-32 Proceedings Technology Education for 21st Century Skills / [ed] J. de Vries, Arien Bekker-Holtland and Gerald van Dijk, ITEEA , 2016, s. 57-64Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Picture books are a frequent element of daily preschool activities (Damber, Nilsson & Ohlsson, 2013; Simonsson, 2004; SOU 2006:75). They are important pedagogical tools that can help children acquire an understanding of the everyday technology they come in contact with, as well as the human application of technology (Axell, 2015; Axell & Boström, 2015). These are skills that are emphasised in the Swedish preschool curriculum. In the curriculum it is also stated that the preschool should counteract traditional gender patterns and gender roles (Skolverket, 2010). However, an investigation of a selection of picture books aimed at preschool children shows that the books content is somewhat problematic. Many of the picture books provide a focus on the function of separate artefacts without any sort of context or explanation of their implications in a societal context. There also tends to be an emphasis on traditional masculine-coded technology in the books. Building and making and working with machines is depicted as a male activity. The male stereotype is essentially connected with different kinds of vehicles like cars, airplanes, motorbikes, tractors etc. (Axell & Boström, 2015; See also Holbrok, 2008). Based on these previous findings, the aim of this pilot study was to obtain an initial concept about how children’s literature may influence preschool children’s view on technological artefacts. The study was conducted through semi-structured interviews with four five-year-olds, two girls and two boys. Through a thematic analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2006) three overarching themes were identified: The relationship between design and function, anthropomorphic animals as users of artefacts, and gender and artefacts. Some of the key findings were that the 5-year-olds did not know what “technology” is, but had good knowledge about tools. Additionally, they did not genderise any of the artefacts included in the study.

  • 19.
    Balksten, Kristin
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Understanding historic mortars and their variations: a condition for performing restoration with traditional materials2010Inngår i: 2nd Conference on Historic Mortars - HMC 2010 and RILEM TC 203-RHM final workshop / [ed] J. Válek, C. Groot and J.J. Hughes, Prague: Inst. of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Acad. of Sciences of the Czech Republic , 2010, s. 11-18Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to design a restoration mortar with properties and composition similar to the original mortar, it is important to analyze the historic mortar in several ways. A combination of analyses give information about the mixing ratio between binder and aggregates, chemical composition of the mortar, additives, tool marks, application technique etc. This paper shows the variations in Swedish medieval lime mortars with a high content of binder. By analysing historic mortar with a combination of ocular investigations, microscopically studies of thin section specimens, Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Powder Diffraction, all the information needed for designing a restoration mortar, with composition and properties similar to the historic mortar, is gained.

  • 20.
    Barrett, Michael
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Adulthood and Moral Economy: Critical Perspectives from a Changing Western Zambia2002Inngår i: Bi-annual Conference of the European Association of Social Anthropologists, Copenhagen, Denmark , 2002Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 21.
    Barrett, Michael
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Adulthood in an economy of decline: livelihood, life cycles and morality in Western Zambia2002Inngår i: Annual Conference of the American Anthropological Association, New Orleans, LA, USA , 2002Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 22.
    Begnert, Fabian
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Ekman, Håkan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Difference between the EBU R-128 meter recommendation and human subjective loudness perception2012Inngår i: 131st Audio Engineering Society convention 2011: New York, New York, USA, 20 - 23 October 2011, Red Hook, NY: Curran Associates, Inc., 2012, Vol. 1, s. 40-49Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The vast loudness span of broadcast sound can be reduced by the use of loudness meters. In an ideal case, the measured and the perceived loudness would be equal. A loudness meter fulfilling the EBU R-128 recommendation was investigated for its correspondence with perceived loudness. Several sound stimuli with large loudness differences representing five different types of broadcast program material were normalized to have equal meter measured loudness level. Subjects listened to pairwise presentations of the normalized stimuli, which they subsequently set to have equal perceived loudness. The settings were recorded and analyzed. The results show that the normalization yields both equal as well as different perceived loudness between program types. The maximum difference was ±2.8 dB

  • 23.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Evaluation of perceived spatial audio quality2005Inngår i: Proceedings 2005: July 10 - 13, 2005, Orlando, Florida, USA / [ed] Nagib Callaos, Orlando, Fla: IIIS , 2005, Vol. 1, s. 216-221Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The increased use of audio applications capable of conveying enhanced spatial quality puts focus on how such a quality should be evaluated. Different approaches to evaluation of perceived quality are briefly discussed and a new technique is introduced. In a series of experiment, attributes were elicited from subjects, tested and subsequently used for derivation of evaluation scales that were feasible for subjective evaluation of the spatial quality of certain multichannel stimuli. The findings of these experiments led to the development of a novel method for evaluation of spatial audio in surround sound systems. Parts of the method were subsequently implemented in the OPAQUE software prototype designed to facilitate the elicitation process. The prototype was successfully tested in a pilot experiment. The experiments show that attribute scales derived from subjects' personal constructs are functional for evaluation of perceived spatial audio quality. Finally, conclusions on the importance of spatial quality evaluation of new applications are made.

  • 24.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    OPAQUE: a tool for the elicitation and grading of audio quality attributes2005Inngår i: AES 118th Convention: Preprints, Audio Engineering Society, Inc., 2005, Vol. nr 6480Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The evaluation of different aspects of audio quality can be realised by means of attribute scales. Studies have shown that the attributes selected are of great importance for the evaluation result. Consequently, the process whereby these attributes are generated has to be given careful consideration. It was previously shown that elements from the repertory grid technique facilitated the elicitation and grading of quality attributes, which resulted in a new audio quality evaluation method. The result from this work has now been implemented as a software prototype aimed to support listening tests. This paper reports on the results from a pilot experiment involving the OPAQUE software

  • 25.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Software-aided elicitiation and grading of audio quality attributes2006Inngår i: Proceedings: International Audio Convention / VDT / [ed] Günther Theile, Bergisch-Gladbach: Verband Deutscher Tonmeister , 2006Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Audio quality evaluation can be accomplished by means of attribute scales and selection of the attributes is of great importance for the evaluation result. Hence, the process generating these attributes has to be given careful consideration. Previous research has shown that elements from the repertory grid technique facilitated the elicitation and grading of quality attributes. To simplify such an attribute generation process, a software-aided solution was utilised. The software was tested in an experiment where listeners considered differently processed audio samples. The results show that attributes relevant for describing the quality differences of the audio samples were generated.

  • 26.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    The contrasting and conflicting definitions of envelopment2009Inngår i: 126th Audio Engineering Society convention 2009: Munich, Germany, 7 - 10 May 2009, Red Hook, NY: Curran Associates, Inc., 2009, Vol. 2, artikkel-id 7808Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In spatial audio, the term envelopment is not unambiguously defined and the different de facto definitions both overlap and contradict one another. This unclarity may pose a problem where the sensation of being surrounded by sound is subject for investigation and analysis. This paper reviews the different concepts of envelopment in order to point to where possible problems may occur. A tentative suggestion for a terminology that can serve the different contexts of enveloping sounds is also given.

  • 27.
    Berg, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Allan, Jon
    Effect of minimizing spatial separation and melodic variations in simultaneously presented two-syllable words2008Inngår i: Audio Engineering Society Convention 124th: Audio Engineering Society Convention Papers, Curran Associates, Inc., 2008, artikkel-id 7409Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study will examine two important factors for the conception Auditory Streaming defined by Bregman, pitch and localization. By removing one or two of these factors as possible identifiers to separate sound sources, the importance of each of them and the effect of reducing both of them will be studied. Stimuli with combinations of two-syllable words will be presented simultaneously in speakers to subjects and the number of correct identifications will be measured. In one category of stimuli speech melody will be removed and replaced with a monotonous pitch, equal for all words. One category will have all words presented from one speaker only. A significant effect was found for pitch as a factor for successful segregation of words. Conclusions will be related to earlier studies and common theories, the Cocktail party effect among others.

  • 28.
    Berg, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Ekman, Håkan
    Difference between musicians and sound engineers in estimation of egocentric source distance in a concert hall stereophonic recording2006Inngår i: The Future of Audio Technology - Surround and Beyond: Proceedings of the AES 28th International Conference, Audio Engineering Society, Inc., 2006, Vol. Paper Number: 8-2Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In sound recording, an important dimension is the perceived distance to the sound sources. This study investigates if there is a difference between sound engineers and musicians when they consider the perceived distance to sound sources recorded in a concert hall and reproduced by means of a two-channel stereo system. Also which distance is preferred is investigated for different instruments. The result shows that sound engineers perceive a greater distance to sources and that they prefer more close microphone distance than musicians.

  • 29.
    Berg, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Ekman, Håkan
    The three-dimensional acoustic environment as depth cue in sound recordings2005Inngår i: AES 118th Convention: Preprints, Audio Engineering Society, Inc., 2005, Vol. nr 6513Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The research on the perceived depth in a sound image mainly concerns the distance to the source. Observations on the three-dimensional environment, is generally of an anecdotal nature. In order to enhance the perceived spatial quality of reproduced sound, it is important to know more about how depth in recordings is perceived and generated. The aim of this study is to put focus on the concept of depth, i.e. define what sound engineers mean by depth in recordings. This has been studied through interviews with sound engineers. The most common thought is that depth is equal to the distance to the sound sources. This definition is still not enough to encompass the whole concept of depth. The experienced environment in front of the listener may also affect the perceived depth.

  • 30.
    Berg, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Johannesson, Tomas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Löfdahl, Magnus
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Nykänen, Arne
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    In-ear vs. loudspeaker monitoring for live Sound and the effect on audio quality attributes and musical performance2017Inngår i: 142nd Audio Engineering Society International Convention 2017, AES 2017, 2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A successful performance of live music is dependent on how well musicians can hear themselves and the other members of the ensemble. Sound reinforcement systems can offer monitoring either by on-stage loudspeakers or in-ear headphones. These two monitoring conditions were compared to search for perceived auditory differences that affect parts of musical performance. Four jazz/pop/rock bands made live performances where monitor sound was provided to the musicians. Each band repeated their performance, changing from one monitoring condition to the other. After every performance, the musicians responded to questionnaires covering musical performance and audio quality. Experts also assessed recordings of the performances. Results show that perceived differences exist in audio quality and musical performance between loudspeaker monitors and in-ear headphone monitors.

  • 31.
    Berg, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Jullander, Sverker
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Musik och dans.
    Sundkvist, Petter
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Musik och dans.
    Kjekshus, Helge
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Musik och dans.
    The influence of room acoustics on musical performance and interpretation: A pilot study2016Inngår i: 140th Audio Engineering Society International Convention 2016, AES 2016, New York, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Concert hall acoustics is an important factor that influences musical performance. Different acoustics lead to different musical results. For a musical performer, the artistic impression of a performance is paramount. Therefore, it is essential to study the relation between concert hall acoustics and musical performance. Such studies might also be relevant for architects and acousticians. A pilot study was devised, enabled by a unique concert hall with mechanically variable acoustics. A musician played the grand piano at four trials, each having a distinctive acoustic condition. The trials were recorded for later analysis. The performances were assessed by experts and the pianist himself. The results show that clear as well as subtle differences in interpretation and performance between the trials existed.

  • 32.
    Berg, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Lefford, Nyssim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Adapting audio quality assessment procedures for engineering practice2016Inngår i: 139th Audio Engineering Society International Convention: AES 2015, Jacob Javits Center New York, United States, 29 October - 1 November 2015, New York: Audio Engineering Society, Inc., 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Audio quality is of concern up and down the production chain from content creation to distribution. The technologies employed at each step - equipment, processors like codecs, downmix algorithms and loudspeakers - all are scrutinized for their impact. The now well-established field of audio quality research has developed robust methods for assessments. To form a basis for this work, research has investigated how perceptual dimensions are formed and expressed. The literature includes numerous sonic attributes that may be used to evaluate audio quality. All together, these findings have provided benchmarks and guidelines for improving audio technology, setting standards in the manufacture of sound and recording equipment, and furthering the design of reproduction systems and spaces. They are, however, by comparison rarely used to inform recording and mixing practice. In this paper quality evaluation and mixing practice are compared on selected counts and observations are made on what points these fields may mutually inform one another

  • 33.
    Berg, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Nyberg, Dan
    Listener envelopment: what has been done and what future research is needed?2008Inngår i: 124th Audio Engineering Society Convention 2008: Audio Engineering Society Convention Papers, Curran Associates, Inc., 2008, artikkel-id 7379Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In concert hall acoustics, the perceived spatial impression and/or spaciousness are characterized by the two attributesapparent source width (ASW) and listener envelopment (LEV). For LEV there are no clear consensus across theresults of previous work. This paper aims to discuss the research performed on LEV and how these research resultsare confirming or contradicting each other. There is a consensus on the arrival angle of the later sound energy and itsinfluence on LEV, whereas there is no clear agreement on the delay time and frequency content of the latereflections.

  • 34.
    Berg, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Rumsey, Francis
    Correlation between Emotive, Descriptive and Naturalness Attributes in Subjective Data Relating to Spatial Sound Reproduction2000Inngår i: 109th AES Convention: Preprints, Audio Engineering Society, Inc., 2000, Vol. Preprint 5206Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In an experiment, inspired by aspects of the Repertory Grid Technique, to find the dimensions forming the perceived spatial impression of a sound reproducing system, subjects frequently described their experiences as being either natural or artificial. These results are analyzed using multivariate methods to investigate the correlation between attributes relating to naturalness and other more descriptive attributes.

  • 35.
    Berg, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Rumsey, Francis
    Identification of Perceived Spatial Attributes of Recordings by Repertory Grid Technique and Other Methods1999Inngår i: 106th AES Convention: Preprints, Audio Engineering Society, Inc., 1999, Vol. Preprint 4924Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    When assessing the spatial performance of sound reproducing systems, various research methods from the fields of psychology and the behavioural sciences may be considered. Selected approaches are briefly reviewed, with particular emphasis on the Repertory Grid Technique (RGT). Further analysis of a pilot experiment relating to spatial parameters, inspired by RGT, is described

  • 36.
    Berg, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Rumsey, Francis
    In Search of the Spatial Dimensions of Reproduced Sound: cluster analysis and verbal protocol analysis of scaled verbal descriptors2000Inngår i: Proceedings of AES 108th Convention, Audio Engineering Society, Inc., 2000, Vol. Preprint 5139Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    When assessing the spatial performance of a sound reproducing system, knowledge of the dimensions forming the perceived spatial impression is important. In this search, methods from the behavioral sciences have to be considered. This paper describes an analysis of an earlier experiment, inspired by aspects of the Repertory Grid Technique, which focuses on finding common patterns among a group of subjects.

  • 37.
    Berg, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Rumsey, Francis
    Spatial Attribute Identification and Scaling by Repertory Grid Technique and Other Methods1999Inngår i: Spatial Sound Reproduction: Proceedings of the AES 16th International Conference, Audio Engineering Society, Inc., 1999, Vol. Paper Number: 16-005Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the search for suitable ways to assess the spatial performance of sound reproducing systems, various research methods from the fields of psychology and the behavioral sciences may be considered. Selected approaches are reviewed, with a particular emphasis on the Repertory Grid Technique (RGT). A pilot experiment relating to spatial parameters, inspired by RGT, is described.

  • 38.
    Berg, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Rumsey, Francis
    Systematic evaluation of perceived spatial quality2003Inngår i: Multichannel Audio, The New Reality: Proceedings of the AES 24th International Conference, Audio Engineering Society, Inc., 2003, s. 184-198Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The evaluation of perceived spatial quality calls for a method that is sensitive for changes in the constituent dimensions of that quality. In order to devise a method accounting for these changes, several processes have to be performed. This paper shows the development of scales by elicitation and structuring of verbal data, followed by validation of the resulting attribute scales.

  • 39.
    Berg, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Rumsey, Francis
    Institute of Sound Recording, University of Surrey.
    Validity of Selected Spatial Attributes in the Evaluation of 5-channel Microphone Techniques2002Inngår i: 112th AES Convention, Audio Engineering Society, Inc., 2002, Vol. Paper 5593Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Assessment of the spatial quality of reproduced sound is becoming more important as the number of techniques and systems affecting such quality increases. The presence of dimensions forming spatial quality has been indicated in earlier experiments by using attributes as descriptors for the dimensions. These attributes have been found relevant for describing the spatial quality of stimuli subjected to different modes of reproduction. In this paper, new attributes are elicited and the applicability of these and previously encountered attributes for assessment of spatial quality is tested in the context of new stimuli, recorded by means of 5-channel microphone techniques and reproduced through a 5.0 system.

  • 40.
    Berg, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Relations between selected musical parameters and expressed emotions: extending the potential of computer entertainment2005Inngår i: Proceedings of the 2005 ACM SIGCHI International Conference on Advances in computer entertainment technology, IEEE Communications Society, 2005, s. 164-171Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A fundamental aspect of music is its ability to express emotions. To develop and extend the potential of music in computer entertainment, a deeper understanding of music's emotional aspects is essential. An experiment was designed to explore the suitability of a specially designed interface (REMUPP) as a means to investigate how musical parameters can contribute to expressing the emotions of 'happiness' and 'sadness'. In the experiment, a number of subjects listened to music examples where the musical performance was governed by a set of musical parameters that were controlled by the subject. The subjects adjusted the parameter settings to best express a given emotion. These settings were recorded and analyzed. The experiment verifies the REMUPP tool as a valid means for the investigation of musical parameters and emotion. Issues of importance for realization of music in the computer entertainment context are also addressed.

  • 41.
    Berg, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Medier ljudteknik och upplevelseproduktion och teater.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Musik och dans.
    Liljedahl, Mats
    Sonic Studio, Interactive Institute.
    Lindberg, Stefan
    Sonic Studio, Interactive Institute.
    Perceived properties of parameterised music for interactive applications2005Inngår i: Proceedings 2005: July 10 - 13, 2005, Orlando, Florida, USA / [ed] Nagib Callaos, Orlando, Fla: IIIS , 2005, Vol. 1, s. 409-414Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditional implementations of sound and music in interactive contexts have their limitations. One way to overcome these and to expand the possibilities of music is to handle the music in a parameterised form. To better understand the properties of the musical parameters resulting from parameterisation, two experiments were carried out. The first experiment investigated selected parameters' capability to change the music; the second experiment examined how the parameters can contribute to express emotions. From these experiments, it is concluded that users without musical training perform differently from musicians on some of the parameters. There is also a clear association between the parameters and the expressed basic emotions. The paper is concluded with observations on how parameterisation might be used in interactive applications.

  • 42.
    Berg, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Etnologi.
    Brev från Nicaragua: Resebrev som (bekönad) berättelse om De, Jag och en Annan plats2003Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 43.
    Berg, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Etnologi.
    Testimonio and representation: An analysis of articles about women workers in Nicaraguan free trade zones2005Inngår i: Politics conference: Sixth Essex Graduate Conference in Political Theory ‘Difference, borders, others’, 2005Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The following presentation discusses representation and testimonio in Swedish information on Nicaraguan women workers that has been produced by so called ‘development workers’. In Spanish the word testimonio is literally translated as ‘testimony’, as in the act of testifying or bearing witness in a legal or religious sense. In articles such as “The slave market in Nicaragua is growing” and “Karla – an ordinary robot” the journalist and development worker, Victoria Myrén, translates and mediates stories by women workers in Nicaraguan free trade zones for Swedish speaking readers. The articles express a sense of urgency to communicate experiences of repression and a desire to represent the way marginalized positions are used to legitimate capitalist recolonizing. In an attempt to demonstrate the suffering of women within the free trade zones, the articles position the reader as a jury in a courtroom listening to close descriptions of violations. The story of Karla Manzanares (translated and mediated by Myrén) depicts colonial domination, economic exploitation, sexism and racism.

    In this paper I argue that by speaking out, re-establishing a ‘voice’, Karla is also re-inscribing a subordinate position in society. The contradictions inherent in the project of representing the subaltern and simultaneously deconstructing the discourses that constitute the subaltern are evident. As Gayatri Spivak has pointed out, the recovery of the ‘voice’ of the subaltern also entails its erasure, since the mode of representation given in testimonio is no longer located in the space of subalternity but is instead more like a ‘ventriloquist’s dummy’.

    Karla’s written destiny stand for something inhuman happening in a country far away. The image of the tragic woman worker capture our fears. Like a safe place to contain horrible things in the world, she becomes a projection of desire for the solution of insoluble conflicts. These stories about Karla and other women workers are emancipatory actions yet they also act as surfaces of projection for desire, disgust and anger. This paper therefore explores the fine balance between mediating testimonios and reconstructing an image of Nicaraguan woman as the Other, as a negative mirror to the idea of white, western (Swedish) women.

  • 44.
    Berggren, Peter
    et al.
    Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI), Sweden.
    Johansson, Björn
    Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI), Sweden.
    Svensson, Erland
    Retired.
    Baroutsi, Nicoletta
    Swedish National Defence College (FHS), Sweden.
    Dahlbäck, Nils
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap, Interaktiva och kognitiva system. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Statistical modelling of team training in a microworld study2014Inngår i: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, Sage Publications, 2014, Vol. 58, s. 894-898Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A command and control environment is a dynamic and complex setting with complicated technical systems where teams of operators interact to reach shared goals. This study presents an experiment in which we, by means of Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), explain the relations between basic concepts of command and control environments: mental workload, frustration, situational awareness, and performance. This paper reports a LISREL analysis of the Baroutsi, Berggren, Nählinder, & Johansson (2013) data. From that data, a new latent variable “Frustration” emerges, which now can be included in the model.

  • 45.
    Berggren, Peter
    et al.
    Swedish Defence Resaerch Agency, Sweden.
    Prytz, Erik
    Old Dominion University, United States of America.
    Johansson, Björn
    Swedish Defence Resaerch Agency, Sweden.
    Nählinder, Staffan
    Swedish Defence Resaerch Agency, Sweden.
    The relationship between Workload, Teamwork, Situation Awareness, and Performance in Teams A microworld study2011Inngår i: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, Sage Publications, 2011, Vol. 55, s. 851-855Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In modern military organizations teamwork performance is central, yet the underlying factors contributing to such performance are debated. The purpose of this paper was to investigate how several known teamwork measures relate to a prior model of operator performance (Nählinder et al, 2004). This study expands this model to the team level and in the command and control domain. Specifically, this paper studies the relationship between individual and team workload measures, situation awareness measures, and performance measures in 18 two-person teams.                 

    The study has two major findings: Firstly, the various team cognition measures statistically cluster into four meaningful concepts (workload, teamwork, situation awareness and performance).                 

    Secondly, a Structural Equation Model indicates that the relationship between the various individual and team measures can be described in a model resembling the model found in previous studies (Nählinder et al, 2004). In particular, the results show that the general workload in the microworld study has a negative effect on both teamwork and situation awareness. Teamwork, in turn, also affects situation awareness, which has major impact on performance.

  • 46.
    Berggren Torell, Viveka
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    Barnmode: Materialitet och identitet2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 47.
    Berggren Torell, Viveka
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    How the discourse of the fashionable child was established through advertigins and articles in Swedish magazines in the 1930s to 50s.2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 48.
    Berggren Torell, Viveka
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    ”It must be a little more close-fitting…” On clothes’ contributions to constructions of femininity within football2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 49.
    Berggren Torell, Viveka
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    Knuts, Eva
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    Design, craft and culture: Some remarks on production of textile craft in the companies Vävkompaniet and Designbrenner2011Inngår i: Conference Proceedings, papers from the conference Current issues in European Cultural Studies, Linköping University Electronic Press , 2011, s. 81-93Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    According to anthropological research it is fundamental that aspects of conceptuality and materiality are tied together in handicraft products. Objects have a social history and a cultural biography as well as a material form (Appadurai 1996). Thus analyzing crafting knowledge must involve both looking for bodily competences performed in the meeting with the materials (hand operations, touch, rhythm etc) and mapping cultural meanings on craft. In the ongoing project “Design, craft and culture” this is done through visual/sensory ethnography. Participant observations with video-filming and interviewing are done at Vävkompaniet, a cooperative running handicraft shop, and Design Brenner, private family company for tufting. This paper brings up cultural meanings on craft, expressed by the craft practitioners themselves. What producers in both companies tell about work practices, inspiration, how they relate to the textile tradition etc. is discussed. Their definitions of the concepts craft, art craft, sloyd and design are especially highlighted. This is important since debate regarding craft as material expression versus craft as conceptual art implies different focuses when it comes to what counts as important knowledge - skill in using the proper raw material and technique to make useful products, or skill to materialize ideas in creative ways?

  • 50.
    Berggren Torell, Viveka
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    Knuts, Eva
    Soft, colorful and unique2012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
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