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  • 1.
    Bonnevier, Jenny
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Born in the USA: representations of reproductive technology and the politics of family2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2.
    Bonnevier, Jenny
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Who are all right in America? : reproductive technology, race, gender and sexuality in The kids are all right and Made in America2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The family has been a contested site throughout American history. More or less constantly perceived to be in crisis, in need of defending or in need of redefining, the family has been portrayed both, and often simultaneously, as the origin of the strength of the nation and the source of the threat to the survival of that same nation (see eg Christopher Lasch, Haven in a Heartless World). The family figures primarily as an ideal space, a blank canvas on which hopes and fears are projected.

    In contemporary American discourse, these hopes and fears are increasingly entangled with or informed by reproductive technology. While abortion dominates political or public debates on gender issues in the US, there is no doubt that other forms of reproductive technology such as surrogacy, in vitro fertilization and sperm donation are increasingly becoming part of the gender debate, where women’s bodies are arenas for contesting the meaning of family, kinship in a wider sense, and the intersection between nature and technology. 

    This paper explores the ways in which narratives of reproductive technologies are inflected by the categories of race, gender and sexuality and made to interplay with powerful narratives of family in two movies, the 1993 Made in America and the 2010 The Kids are all right. While reproductive technology is often discussed as disruptive to traditional discourses on family, I argue that although the movies encourage critical perspectives the narrative of family becomes the dominant one and that, in the end, not only familial, but also national cohesion and stability is re-affirmed.

  • 3.
    Bremer, Signe
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Centrum för genusvetenskap.
    Editorial - cisnormativity & feminism2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 4.
    Bremer, Signe
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Centrum för genusvetenskap.
    Safe geographies in trans*experiences of Swedish major cities2016Inngår i: / [ed] Organizers: Erika Alm, seniour lecturer in gender studies at Gothenburg University; Signe Bremer, researcher in gender studies, the centre for gender studies at Uppsala University; Iwo Nord, phd student at the department for culture and education, 2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this talk I will present some preliminary thoughts on the concept of safety, as described by some of the people with trans* experiences who have contributed to my work in progress research project The gender binary city - Ethnography of safety, vulnerability and resistance in transgender people’s narratives on city life. I will use the post-colonial feminist thinker Sara Ahmed’s discussion on comfort and the phenomenology of whiteness as thinking tools. Questions up for discussion are for example: What constitutes safe space? How does being safe feel like? How do descriptions of safety differ according to cultural categories and intersecting power structures such as race, gender, and class? 

  • 5.
    Bremer, Signe
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Centrum för genusvetenskap.
    Trans*feminism – Conflicts, Communalities, Contingencies: A round table discussion2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 6.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för film och litteratur (IFL).
    Countering Amnesia and Forgetting: Reworking Cultural Memory around the Victims of Right-Wing Violence2017Inngår i: Doing Memory and Right-Wing Violence in Mediated Public Spheres: Workshop : 15.–16.10.2017, Fürstensaal, Schloss Hohentübingen, Eberhard Karls University Tübingen, 2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 7.
    Brunow, Dagmar
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för film och litteratur (IFL).
    Stuart Hall and Memory Studies2016Inngår i: Wrestling with the Angels : Exploring Stuart Hall's Theoretical Legacy: International Conference, 25-27 February 2016, Technische Universität Dortmund, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Within the vast interdisciplinary field of memory studies and among its most influential voices (such as Maurice Halbwachs, Pierre Nora, Aleida Assmann, Astrid Erll, Michael Rothberg, Bill Schwarz and Susannah Radstone), the name of Stuart Hall has been conspicuously absent. Drawing on my theorizations within the emerging field of media memory studies, my paper argues that Stuart Hall’s ideas provide important insights into the mediation of transnational memories and their mediatisation. Revisiting some of Stuart Hall’s theorisations put forward in texts such as “New Ethnicities”, “Whose Heritage” and “Reconstruction Work”, my paper suggests new ways to reconceptualise notions such as transculturality, remediation and the archive. Overall, I claim that memory studies could profit from Stuart Hall’s valuable theorisations on anti-essentialism, representation and the workings of cultural heritage.

  • 8.
    Castaldo Lundén, Elizabeth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier, Modevetenskap.
    Hollywood, moda y la alfombra roja: El surgimiento del consultor de moda en los Oscars2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 9.
    Fornäs, Johan
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Cultures, Histories, Institutions: Closure2012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 10.
    Goedecke, Klara
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Centrum för genusvetenskap.
    Making friends: Understanding changing (?) intimacies in friendships between men.2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 11.
    Harris, Ashleigh
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Between ideals and reality: the iconic legacy of Nelson Mandela2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 12.
    Harris, Ashleigh
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Close Encounters with Global Whiteness in Apartheid Southern Africa2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 13.
    Harris, Ashleigh
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Discourses of Dirt and Disease in Operation Murambatsvina2007Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 14.
    Harris, Ashleigh
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Militarising Youth: a (post)colonial counterpoint2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 15.
    Harris, Ashleigh
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Zimbabwe will never be a colony again: time and return in the third chimurenga2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 16.
    Hildebrand, Kristina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för lärande, humaniora och samhälle, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Språk, kultur och samhälle.
    Powerful matriarchs, warrior women, and sexy slaves: views of women in Viking reenactment2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on a specific occurrence at a Viking reenactment market in Sweden in the summer of 2016. The incident in question involved a group which has decided to recreate Viking slave trade. They visit Viking markets where they will capture female visitors and ’sell’ them; in this case, this resulted in a police report for assault and kidnapping. What interests me is the reactions among other reenactors, and what those reactions indicate about ambivalent views of gender among Viking reenactors.

    Many Viking reenactors assert that Viking society was one of gender equality. They are often keen to pick up new research which seems to support this idea, such as the possibility of female warriors among Vikings. Thus, the Viking age is seen as closer to contemporary ideals about equality than, for example, the Middle Ages, and also as a time of strong independent women. Still, there is a certain amount of ambivalence about this equality: Viking society is also seen as heteronormative, and gender roles are often presented as complementary and interdependent rather than affording equal opportunities for both genders. In this paper, I will explore the recreation of Viking gender roles and how this draws on and legitimises heteronormativity and both equal and unequal contemporary gender roles.

  • 17.
    Hildebrand, Kristina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för lärande, humaniora och samhälle, Kontext & kulturgränser (KK).
    The Rules of the Game: Re-Enactors and Fealty2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In re-enactment groups, fealty is often sworn and received, in imitation of a feudal world. The procedure is invested with various meanings, often with a clear desire to mark it both as significant and as different from life-long fealty. In the oaths, these boundaries are often explicitly set. I will investigate, through interviews, a number of issues surrounding the modern re-enactor's fealty, such as how the re-enactor understands medieval fealty; how this understanding colours their own experience of fealty, and how significant fealty is to their understanding of the Middle Ages.

  • 18.
    Höglund, Johan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för språk och litteratur, SOL.
    American Empire and Biological Apocalypse2012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    While writing from two very different historical and political vantage points, Niall Ferguson and Julian Go have both suggested that US society appears to be facing many of the same financial and geo-political problems that Britain did a century ago. From this perspective, it is interesting to note that contemporary American popular culture often negotiates many of the concerns that structured British Imperial culture. One such concern is the risk of degeneration and the possibility of a biological apocalypse. During the late-Victorian period, Charles Darwin’s cousin Fredric Galton suggested that, surrounded by the many comforts of modern society, the British subject may circumvent the evolutionary process. In addition, the confrontation with non-European peoples during colonisation was frequently imagined as a racial struggle. Thus, the decline of the British Empire could be cast as an evolutionary event. As Daniel Pick has observed, these ideas had a profound impact on the British culture and society of the nineteenth century and the novel of the period became increasingly obsessed with the notion of biological apocalypse.

     

    Pointing to crucial political and cultural parallels between Victorian British society and the present-day US, this paper discusses how contemporary American popular culture dramatizes the possibility of a biological global crisis. In Hollywood blockbusters such as Outbreak (1995), Resident Evil (2002-2010) and Contagion (2011) aggressive viral infections threaten to wipe out modern civilisation. In the Alien (1979-2007) and Species (1995-2004) series, humans face new, primitive and competitive species that threaten to crowd them out in the universal struggle for survival. In Justin Cronin’s best selling novel The Passage (2010) a South American virus is manipulated by the military, turning the infected humans into primitive and supremely violent agents of the apocalypse.

     

    This paper makes the observation that these narratives, just like their British counterparts, must be understood in relation to modernity and empire. These films and novels biologize geopolitical relations in general and the popular notion that America is in decline in particular. Furthermore, the viral invasion that popular culture imagines often has its origin in America’s increasingly competitive backyards China and South America. In this way, popular culture taps into what Stephen B. Arata has termed the “anxiety of reverse colonisation” and suggests that America must be prepared to quickly mobilize the military and medical resources of modernity to counter the threat from the primitive Other and to prevent degeneration of its own species. However, some narratives also make room for a concurrent counter discourse that describes the biological apocalypse as a having been engineered by the market state and/or the military-industrial complex. 

  • 19.
    Höglund, Johan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Please Kill Me: Euthanasia and the Imperial Gothic2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Although separated by a century, Bram Stoker’s Dracula (1898) and the AMC television series The Walking Dead (2010-) both describe how Gothic forces transform Western subjects into contagious, abject and cannibalistic Others that need to be disposed of through ritualized violence: in Dracula with the stake through the heart, in The Walking Dead through the headshot. In both narratives, the killing of the Gothic Other is celebrated as a heroic confrontation between good and evil. In their readings of the Victorian gothic, Stephen D. Arata and Patrick Brantlinger have both argued that these absolute categories must be understood in relation to Empire where gothic Others such as Dracula represent Oriental invaders, set on vengeful, reverse colonisation of the Empire. Similarly, more recent scholarship by Kyle Bishop, Timothy Fox and Christian Thorne suggest that the modern Gothic also relies on an imperial dynamic and that the zombie often personifies the Middle Eastern terrorist or Asian imperial competitor. In this way, the killing of the transformed Gothic Other can be understood as encouraging a form of metaphorical imperial violence.

     

    While this reading of the Victorian and modern Gothic is fundamentally convincing, it should be noted that the violence perpetrated against the Gothic Other is sometimes seen as deeply tragic and needs to be understood as a form euthanasia rather than as heroic intervention. In Dracula, Arthur Holmwood reels when he has finally finished driving the stake through the heart of his undead fiancée Lucy. In The Walking Dead, survivor Morgan Jones shakes with tears and grief as he aims his hunting rifle on his now cannibalistic zombie wife who stumbles through the streets below. In fact, those infected by the Gothic Other often ask to be euthanized before the transformation is complete: “Please kill me”. Those who respond are seen as performing acts of terrible mercy rather than combating gothic evil.

     

    These sequences subtly complicate the imperial reading of these and other Gothic texts. Focusing on euthanasia in the Gothic, this paper discusses the different reasons why the border between the modern citizen and the Gothic Other is so porous and easily transgressed. If late nineteenth-century British imperialism argued that racial, social and cultural categories are absolute, the Gothic often introduce those same categories only to have them infect each other. In this way, the infectious and invasive nature of the gothic Other always allows a certain amount of metaphorical transculturation or counterculturation to occur. As Rick Grimes observes in The Walking Dead, “we are all infected”.

  • 20.
    Höglund, Johan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    Revenge of the Hulder: New Nordic (Post) Colonial Gothic2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 21.
    Höglund, Johan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för språk och litteratur, SOL.
    Skirting Hybridity: Translating Racial Anarchy in Richard Marsh’s The Surprising Husband2012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    As Elaine Showalter, Paul Gilroy, Mary Louise Pratt, and R. C. J. Young have suggested, the late nineteenth century was a time when Englishness was fraught with difference, even in a state of racial and sexual anarchy. This suggests not only that Englishness (or indeed to be “Western”) was a less homogeneous and stable position than assumed by the British at the time. In addition to this, this anarchy and flux led to new hybrid forms of Englishness that transformed British society.

     

    This process was recorded by, and is often studied through, literature. Thus, the writings of Oscar Wilde, Bram Stoker, Rudyard Kipling and Joseph Conrad can be perceived as attempts at resolving the constantly changing category of Englishness by either completely rejecting the Other (Stoker), or by finding (arguably failed) ways of including the Other in new forms of Englishness (Kipling, Conrad). However, some writers, such as Richard Marsh, seem to both reject and embrace the possibility of the Other. Thus, this paper seeks to demonstrate how Marsh’s fiction resonates with several concurrent yet conflicting voices through a reading of his gothic melodrama The Surprising Husband (1908). In the novel, which discusses miscegenation in early nineteenth century Britain in surprising ways, Marsh attempts to translate the racial anarchy that was prevalent in his society into a coherent narrative, but the text fails to hybridize on any level. Instead, I argue, Marsh negotiates the racial challenge to Englishness through a heterogeneous but not hybrid text where English and subaltern voices speak simultaneously. Marsh’s text thus maps the rifts that occurred in English society rather than the hybrid states that these rifts eventually produced.

  • 22.
    Höglund, Johan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för språk (SPR).
    War, Adventure and the Spectacle of Masculine Whiteness in Call of Duty2016Inngår i: European Association of American Studies: Biennial Confrence, Constanta, Romania, April 22-25, 2016, 2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In ”Romancing the Empire”, Amy Kaplan observes how the American historical adventure romance of the 1890s revolved around a “spectacle of masculinity”. The heroic male adventure protagonist’s ritual performance of violence in these texts serves the dual purpose of metaphorically enacting and encouraging the expansion of the borders of the empire and establishing their masculinity. In this way, Kaplan argues, “swashbuckling romances about knights errant offer a cognitive and libidinal map of US geo-politics during the shift from continental conquest to overseas empire”.

    Kaplan’s observations constitutes a vantage point from which it is possible to understand the contemporary and ubiquitous First Person Military Shooter, a genre of games that includes the Medal of Honor, Battlefield, and Call of Duty series. While these military adventure games have been understood as a “crucial space of articulating American empire, providing a vehicle … where U.S. efforts to secure power is normalized and justified”, as argued by Leonard and King, the way in which they make the gamer enact a combined spectacle masculinity and whiteness has not been discussed. This paper explores Call of Duty: World as War (2008) as a space where white masculinity is ritually performed. 

    Kaplan, Amy. “Romancing the Empire.” American Literary History 2, no. 4 (1990): 659-690.

    King, C. Richard, and David J. Leonard. “Wargames as a New Frontier.” In Joystick Soldiers: The Politics of Play in Military Video Games, edited by N. Huntemann and M Payne, 91-105. London: Routledge, 2010.

  • 23.
    Hübinette, Tobias
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för språk, litteratur och interkultur.
    Adoptees and identity: What does the research say?2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 24.
    Hübinette, Tobias
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för språk, litteratur och interkultur.
    Den färgblinda antirasismen slår tillbaka2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 25.
    Hübinette, Tobias
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för språk, litteratur och interkultur.
    Race, performativity and melancholic whiteness in contemporary Sweden2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 26.
    Hübinette, Tobias
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för språk, litteratur och interkultur.
    Rashierarkier och rasstrukturer i det nya Sverige2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 27.
    Jernudd, Åsa
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Cinema and Civil Society: The appropriation of cinemas by the workers' and temperance movements in 1940s rural Sweden2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 28.
    Jernudd, Åsa
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Differences in Programming and Audience Address in Swedish Cinemas of the late 1930s.2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 29.
    Jernudd, Åsa
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Fairground Amusements and (the Absence of) Film Around 1900. The Example of Örebro, Sweden2005Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 30.
    Jernudd, Åsa
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Nonfiction and Documentary: An Analysis of a Program Inbetween1999Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 31.
    Jernudd, Åsa
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Reform, Temperance and Entertainment: Leisure in a Small Town in Sweden Around 19002004Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 32.
    Jernudd, Åsa
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    The Expedition Film. ‘Just Looking’ at Wild Men and Beasts1999Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 33.
    Jernudd, Åsa
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    What is Cinema?: Film Exhibition in Multipurpose Community Venues2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 34.
    Johansson, Sofia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Music Use in the Digital Media Age: Early Insights From a Study of Music Cultures Among Young People in Moscow and Stockholm2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an ongoing research project investigating how the Internet is impacting on music use in contemporary society. The backdrop to the project is the digitalization of society and culture, where the music industry has undergone profound changes, and where the Internet, for young people in particular, is changing listening modes and, potentially, meanings of, music in everyday life. Our objective is to shed light on what these transformations mean on the user level, and how their adaptation is situated specific geo-cultural settings, through a qualitative study of how young music users in Moscow and Stockholm experience and discuss music in relation to the Internet. Drawing on preliminary research findings, we aim to discuss and develop questions around how the Internet integrates with daily experience within contemporary society; what this means for music as a form of communication; and how adaptations of Internet technologies are shaped by geo-cultural frameworks.

  • 35.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Does the Empire recycle?: Waste and scrap recycling in the Star Wars movies2012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 36.
    Kalinina, Ekaterina
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    The Battalion: Questioning or reproducing the matrix of domination in war films?2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 37.
    Kalinina, Ekaterina
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    War films and gendered nostalgia for the WWII2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The article seeks to explore the common ground between bio-politics, gender, patriotism and war nostalgia. Taking off from the Foucaldian notion of biopolitics as a control apparatus exerted over a population, we provide an insight into the modern construction of Russian nation, where personal and collective sacrifice, traditional femininity and masculinity, orthodox religion andwar become the basis for patriotism. On carefully chosen case studies we will show how the state directly and indirectly regulates peoples lives by producing narratives, which are translated into media discourses and with a core of time create specific “gender norms” – women are seen as fertile mothers giving birth to new soldiers, while men are shown as fighters and defenders of their nation. In the constructed discourses nostalgia for a war plays one of the central roles and becomes a ground of a creation of an idea of a nation as one biological body, where brothers and sisters are united together. In these popular culture narratives people’s bodies become a battlefield of domestic politics. Popular culture hence produces a narrative of a healthy nation to ensure the healthy work- and military force. The authors tackle the above-mentioned aims by conducting visual analysis of several films, where the main characters are women in contrast to the majority of films about war. (Batallion (2015), A zori zdes’ tikhie (2015)). 

  • 38.
    Kalinina, Ekaterina
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola.
    Voronova, Liudmila
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för utbildning och ekonomi, Avdelningen för humaniora.
    War films and gendered nostalgia for the WWII2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The article seeks to explore the common ground between bio-politics, gender, patriotism and war nostalgia. Taking off from the Foucaldian notion of biopolitics as a control apparatus exerted over a population, we provide an insight into the modern construction of Russian nation, where personal and collective sacrifice, traditional femininity and masculinity, orthodox religion andwar become the basis for patriotism. On carefully chosen case studies we will show how the state directly and indirectly regulates peoples lives by producing narratives, which are translated into media discourses and with a core of time create specific “gender norms” – women are seen as fertile mothers giving birth to new soldiers, while men are shown as fighters and defenders of their nation. In the constructed discourses nostalgia for a war plays one of the central roles and becomes a ground of a creation of an idea of a nation as one biological body, where brothers and sisters are united together. In these popular culture narratives people’s bodies become a battlefield of domestic politics. Popular culture hence produces a narrative of a healthy nation to ensure the healthy work- and military force. The authors tackle the above-mentioned aims by conducting visual analysis of several films, where the main characters are women in contrast to the majority of films about war. (Batallion (2015), A zori zdes’ tikhie (2015)). 

  • 39.
    Kotkina, Irina
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES).
    Cultural Aspects of Contemporary Eurasia in Russia2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 40.
    Lindström, Kati
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    Greening the History: Discourses of Nation, Ecology and Environmental Protection in contemporary Japan2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Nation-building brings along the definition of new national landscapes, drawing of new lines of division, new peripheries and centres. Legal frameworks of ownership, use and protection among others inscribe these cultural concepts on real landscapes. The present paper follows the development of the Japanese rural rice cultivation landscapes from a landscape of production that has to support the nation’s colonial endeavour before the WWII, through the peripheral backyards of the modernizing industrial Japan after the WWII, to the embodiment of the ancient Japanese wisdom and harmony with nature from the late 20th century onwards. Inscribing new national landscapes on the state territories bundled together infrastructure development, nature protection and the promotion of tourism. From the second half of the 20th century, but especially from 1990s onwards, the reasoning of the values of national landscapes has become increasingly dominated by ecological discourse that – being by nature a systemic metalanguage ­– naturalizes the national value in scientific terms. In the context of raising nationalism and under the protective framework of ecology, the satoyama ecosystems that unite two basic national landscape ideals, the forests and rice paddies, become a symbol of sustainable resource use and superior moral character of the nation, manifested in the ancient wisdom of the traditional agricultural practice.  Strong ideological stands have their inevitable consequences for the real life landscape management, and not only within Japan: afforestation and constantly growing forest reserve (and consequent large-scale timber import for sustaining traditional building techniques), expanding areas of protection for satoyama landscapes that are hardly sustainable in today’s rural settings, resuscitation of several lost landscape features and whitewashing Japan’s history of industrial disasters by claiming a special harmonious relationship with nature, unseen in the Western civilization.

  • 41.
    Lindström, Kati
    University of Tartu.
    Transparent bodies: The lack of bodily dimension in the representations of historical landscapes2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42.
    Lund, Martin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV).
    J. Michael Straczynski’s Highway to Hell: Voyages into the Midnight Nation2015Inngår i: Sixth International Graphic Novel and Comics Conference / Ninth International Bande Dessinée Society Conference, 2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 43.
    Lund, Martin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV).
    "NY 101": New York City According to Brian Wood2015Inngår i: Popular Culture Association / American Culture Association 2015 Conference, 2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    It is often asserted that New York City and comics enjoy a special relationship and that the city’s appearance in comics makes the real-world city legible to readers.  Such claims, which are rarely supported with critical examples, generally disregard that different cultural meanings are inscribed upon the city in different representations. This paper argues that to consider in what ways comics make the city legible, it is not enough to note that New York appears in them, but we must also ask what and whose New York is being presented. It does so by presenting a case study of several New York-set comics scripted by Brian Wood. Wood’s bibliography arguably provides one of contemporary comicdom’s most striking illustrations of the generic, thematic, and narrative range of possible comics New York mappings. This paper presents comparative social semiotic readings of Wood’s dystopian activist comics Channel Zero (1997) and DMZ (2005–2012), his action film-style Couscous Express (2001) and The Couriers (2003–2005), and his college tales New York Four (2008) and New York Five (2011). The purpose is to illustrate, through the radically different versions of New York presented in these Wood-penned series, how genre, theme, mood, intended audience, and, to a lesser extent, authorial intention help shape the image and legibility of the city in comics. This will show how representation of New York in comics provides not only a setting, but also a backdrop on which can be inscribed meanings to be read that range from major socio-political critiques to intimate personal reflections.

  • 44.
    Palmstierna Einarsson, Charlotta
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    “Concealment is vulgar”: Isadora Duncan’s unveiling of the body2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    “You shall see that in a few years’ time all your bacchantes and flower girls will be dressing the same way as I do”, Isadora Duncan prophesied when Cosima Wagner suggested that her stage costume was too frivolous. To Duncan, the body was the ‘temple of her art’; the body was beautiful, real and true and must not be concealed in ‘half-clothed suggestiveness’. Duncan’s conceptualisation of the body reverberated in a society where the experience of self, freedom and progress was under radical transformation, and her dancing could be seen to articulate a sense of excitement and liberation, for example in the use of flowing’ and ‘unbroken’ movements, in her refusal to dance in the musical hall theatres (spaces traditionally assigned to dance), and not least, in her dancing barefoot in Greek-inspired costumes that revealed much more of her body than convention would allow. Isadora Duncan made the costumes adapt to her dance and according to her partner Gordon Craig, Duncan would transform the costumes, which in ‘reality’ looked like nothing, but became magically beautiful when she danced. Bare legs and arms, free flowing textiles draped around her body and long scarves were her signatures, and these textiles bespoke the freedom and audacity of her art. Her style also became famous and highly inspirational to women’s fashion as her loose costumes and bare feet presented a stark contrast to the corseted Victorian women in her audience. But her costumes also inspired fellow artists, for example Léon Bakst, who designed costumes for Les Ballet Russes in Paris Duncan’s influence on Bakst’s costuming can seen especially in the costumes he made for the company’s male dancers. Duncan was concerned with purging the dance from anything she deemed conventional, ‘artificial’ and false and in this her concerns were aligned with the modernist anxiety about finding new means to express ‘its own originality and modernity’. This paper discusses how Duncan’s costuming contributed to the re-evaluation of the body in modernism.

  • 45.
    Petrov, Kristian
    Södertörns högskola.
    A European Home for Russia?: The Late Soviet Conceptualization of Globalization2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to reconstruct Gorbachev’s concept of a European home, and its underlying philosophy of history. The concept is contextualised within the convergence debate of the post war-period, in which a rapprochement between communism and capitalism was posited. The concept indicated a paradigmatic departure from the traditional ‘anti-imperialist’ Soviet outlook, towards a search for ‘universal consensus,’ where so-called ‘human’ values were placed above the international class struggle. The idea about a bipolar world was redefined from the viewpoint of recognizing global interdependence. But how could Russia fit into a new European, global or even cosmic order? The concept of a European home will be discussed in relation to the early 20th century movement of Russian cosmism. The paper concludes with reflections on what the conceptualisation can tell us about the fall of communism and what impact the concept has had on today’s search for a common European identity, as well as implications for our contemporary understanding of questions about global integration and systemic crises. An argument is advanced that the notion contained paradoxes and anachronisms that rather contributed to the dislocation of post-Soviet Russia from Europe.

  • 46.
    Petrov, Kristian
    Södertörns högskola, Göteborgs universitet.
    A Third Way for the Second World?: Contemporary Change in Russia2002Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 47.
    Petrov, Kristian
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Conceptual Transitions in Communist and Post-Communist Transitology2009Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 48.
    Petrov, Kristian
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Construction, Reconstruction, Deconstruction2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 49.
    Petrov, Kristian
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Den offentliga rösten: En idéhistorisk jämförelse mellan rysk-sovjetisk glasnost och västeuropeisk offentlighet1999Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 50.
    Petrov, Kristian
    Göteborgs universitet.
    East of Cosmopolis: Cosmopolitanism and Russocentrism in Gorbachev's Common European Home2010Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    “Kosmopolitizm” has been used in Russia as a word of abuse for 150 years. Paradoxically, the Russian official self-concept has frequently been defined in universalistic or post-national terms. I will here try to discuss Gorbachev’s vision of a common European home in light of the discourse of an ideal-typical cosmopolitanism with origins in the Enlightenment. What happens when a prevalent imperialistic universalism—with particularistic content—is challenged from a point of view of a more cosmopolitan universalism? Gorbachev’s policy, as well as the fall of the Soviet Union, is reconstructed conceptually in a diachronic context of previous Russian and Soviet responses to Western influences. By analysing the cosmopolitan, as well as russocentric, implications of Gorbachev’s efforts to link Soviet and Russian culture to a European and Western community, we might develop reflexive perspectives on general problems and contradictions of current globalization and integration.

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