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  • 1.
    Arvidsson, Alf
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    (recension av) Anna Harwell Celenza: Jazz Italian Style2018Inngår i: Orkesterjournalen, ISSN 1102-7428, nr 1, s. 72-72Artikkel, omtale (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 2.
    Blehr, Barbro
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Etnologi.
    Brita Sigrid Anna Lovisa Egardt: Etnolog2018Inngår i: Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon, Göteborgs universitet, 2018Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Brita Egardt var etnolog vid Lunds universitet. Hon verkade hela sitt yrkesliv med Folklivsarkivet i Lund som bas.

  • 3.
    Fredriksson, Daniel
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Musiklandskap: musik och kulturpolitik i Dalarna2018Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, I study how conditions for music-making can be developed, maintained and challenged through government support processes in the Swedish region Dalarna. The research questions focus on the ways music, policy and governance relate to each other, what kinds of musicians and ways of making music are favored in these relations, and the agency and meaning of place. The study is made through participant observation of musical events, cultural policy meetings, and the everyday practice of cultural policy officials; interviews with musicians, organizers and cultural policy officials; cultural policy documents as well as musicians’ and organizers’ public documents such as concert posters and websites.

    The musical landscape of Dalarna is summarized as a complex web with pathways that reach far beyond the geographical borders of the region. The cultural cooperation model works as a hierarchy from center to periphery, from the national government, through agencies, regional government, musical institutions and organizers, musicians and audiences. We can analyze all these practices as being part of music, as musicking. But we could also describe them another way, where the practice of cultural policy is dependent on and conditioned by the musical practices it is set to govern. In this way, musicians are always in some way also creating policy.

    I discuss genre hierarchies and further argue that music can, or should, not always be motivated by its effects on regional development or its social impact, it also needs to be allowed to be unhealthy and unprofitable. When we support music, we should be aware that it can be a hobby as well as a business, a serious artistic endeavor as well as play. And more often than not, music is all of these things at the same time.

  • 4.
    Frihammar, Mattias
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Etnologi.
    "At Last, Garbo is coming home": Celebrity, death and nation2018Inngår i: Heritage of Death: Landscapes of Emotion, Memory and Practice / [ed] Mattias Frihammar, Helaine Silverman, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2018, s. 65-77Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 5.
    Frihammar, Mattias
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Etnologi.
    Silverman, Helaine
    Heritage of death: Landscapes of Emotion, Memory and Practice2018Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, death is being reconceptualised around the world as heritage, replete with material markers and intangible performances. These heritages of death are personal, national and international. They are vernacular as well as official, sanctioned as well as alternative. This book brings together more than twenty international scholars to consider the heritage of death from spatial, political, religious, economic, cultural, aesthetic and emotive aspects. It showcases different attitudes and phases of death and their relationship to heritage through ethnographically informed case studies to illustrate both general patterns and local and national variations. Through analyses of material expressions and social practices of grief, mourning and remembrance, this book shows not only what death means in contemporary societies, but also how individuals, groups and nations act towards death.

  • 6.
    Frihammar, Mattias
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Etnologi.
    Silverman, Helaine
    Introduction: Heritage of death: emotion, memory and practice2018Inngår i: Heritage of Death: Landscapes om emotion, memory and practice / [ed] Mattias Frihammar, Helaine Silverman, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2018, s. 4-19Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 7.
    Hedström, Karolina
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    MAGI SOM KREATIV OORDNING: En undersökning om skapandeprocessen av nya ritualer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the creative aspects of creating new rituals and what it tells us about humans as cultural beings. It focuses on individual stories from participants who through interviews and questionnaires have told their experiences of creating or re-shaping rituals for individual purposes. Emphasis is on the practical shaping of the ritual and the participants thoughts on it.The results points to the creating of new rituals as experimenting and as a creative expression. With theories and prior research in ritual psychology, phenomenology and ritual criticism the study shows how individual stories of creation show worldviews and phenomenon through ritualization.

  • 8.
    Holmberg, Martin
    et al.
    Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Lundgren, Britta
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Framing post-pandemic preparedness: comparing eight European plans2018Inngår i: Global Public Health, ISSN 1744-1692, E-ISSN 1744-1706, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 99-114Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Framing has previously been studied in the field of pandemic preparedness and global health governance and influenza pandemics have usually been framed in terms of security and evidence-based medicine on a global scale. This paper is based on the pandemic preparedness plans, published after 2009, from eight European countries. We study how pandemic preparedness is framed and how pandemic influenza in general is narrated in the plans. All plans contain references to ‘uncertainty’, ‘pandemic phases’, ‘risk management’, ‘vulnerability’ and ‘surveillance’. These themes were all framed differently in the studied plans. The preparedness plans in the member states diverge in ways that will challenge the ambition of the European Union to make the pandemic preparedness plans interoperable and to co-ordinate the member states during future pandemics.

  • 9.
    Hugoson, Marlene
    Institutet för språk och folkminnen, Dialekt- och folkminnesarkivet i Uppsala (DFU).
    ”Monikielisiä arkistokokoelmia”2018Inngår i: Kieliviesti, ISSN 0280-350X, nr 1, s. 29-29Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Flerspråkiga arkivsamlingar

    På Dialekt- och folkminnesarkivet i Uppsala är en av arbetsuppgifterna kunskapsförmedling i olika former, bland annat genom att berätta om arkivets samlingar på institutets webbplats. I arkivsamlingarna finns material inte bara på svenska utan också på andra språk. Strax före jul publicerades lyssningsklipp på skogsfinska med tillhörande översättningar som skildrar äldre tiders folkmedicin och folktro, och på nyåret publicerades ljudklipp på meänkieli om notfiske och timmerflottning. Fler lyssningsklipp planeras i framtiden, bland annat på finska och de samiska språken, då ytterligare ämnen kommer att presenteras för att illustrera spännvidden av ämnesområden som dokumenterats av arkivet sedan starten i början av 1900-talet. I översättningsarbetet har arkivet haft hjälp av språkligt kunniga kollegor på sin egen och andra avdelningar liksom av Kieliviestis redaktör Inga-Britt Uusitalo.

  • 10.
    Håll, Jonas
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Kyrkbåtarnas saga: Aktuella perspektiv på sociala aspekter av Siljans kyrkbåtsfärder fram till sekelskiftet 19002018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In the preindustrial society in Sweden the church was a natural gathering point on Sundays and holidays. In areas with bigger lakes the water was used as a way to transport a large number of people to the church services. These transports were made with long boats called church boats (kyrkbåt(ar) in Swedish). This essay studies the social aspects of the church boat journeys that took place on the lake Siljan, in the province of Dalarna, until the turn of the twentieth century. The material consists of archive files that was assembled in the 1930’s by Uppsala Landsmålsarkiv (nowadays Dialekt- och folkminnesarkivet) and Nordiska museet in Stockholm. A methodological standpoint in the essay is to review the material in relation to aspects of performance studies. In that way the material is interpreted as narratives which are performed by the people who has created them, as actors, to me (and everybody else who takes part of them) as an audience. This requires a contextualization of the material and therefore some observations of its background and origin are made in the essay. In relation to this methodological aspect the church boat journeys are studied as rituals based on attributes as highlighted by scholars of ritual studies. The ritual perspective has been used as a tool to illustrate how the social aspects of the church boat journeys was expressed. The study shows that the church boat journeys was of importance for the social interaction for those involved. The essay also fulfill a secondarily purpose, to emphasize a material and a field of studies that has not been studied for a long time. The tradition has therefore not been viewed upon with methodological and theoretical perspectives relevant in todays Swedish ethnology. Further on the essay encourages further studies on the church boat tradition in the preindustrial society as well as the revitalized church boat tradition in the Siljan area today, where modern built church boats are used for competition.

  • 11.
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Genusvetenskap.
    Gunnarsson Payne, Jenny
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Etnologi. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES).
    Anti-genuskampanjer: Globalt hot mot vetenskap och demokrati2018Inngår i: Feministiskt perspektiv, ISSN 2002-1542, nr 24 januariArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 12.
    Lundgren, Anna Sofia
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Nilsson, Bo
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Civil outrage: emotion, space and identity in legitimisations of rural protest2018Inngår i: Emotion, Space and Society, ISSN 1755-4586, E-ISSN 1878-0040, Vol. 26, s. 16-22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 13.
    Lundgren, Britta
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Mjältbrandsutbrottet Omberg 2016: En etnologisk undersökning2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Statens Veterinärmedicinska Anstalt (SVA) erhöll i slutet av 2016 medel från forskningsrådet Formas för att säkra material, information och lokal kunskap kring Ombergs-utbrottet i syfte att bygga kunskap kring mjältbrand, detta för att vi i framtiden bättre ska kunna förutsäga, förebygga och hantera liknande händelser. Inom projektet (Omberg 2016 – prov- och datainsamling för att bättre förstå mjältbrandens komplexa epidemiologi), med forskningsledare statsepizootolog Ann Lindberg, ingår även föreliggande etnologiska delstudie med Britta Lundgren som huvudansvarig (WP 4 Utbrottsetnografi – kulturella och sociala perspektiv).

    Under sommaren 2016 skedde ett utbrott av mjältbrand i Ombergsområdet i Östergötland. Totalt omfattade utbrottet 15 dödsfall hos djur. 10 dödsfall inträffade inom 6 olika besättningar hos boskap, samt 1 häst och 1 får. Vidare har 3 älgar i området konstaterats döda av mjältbrand.

    Den etnologiska undersökningen utfördes under en koncentrerad period i månadsskiftet maj-juni 2017 med platsbesök och intervjuer med ett antal djurägare vars djur dött underutbrottet. Intervjumetoden är inspirerad av s k focused ethnography där fältarbete med intervjuer pågår under relativt kort tid och frågorna begränsas till ett speciellt fokus, i detta fall människors erfarenheter och uppfattningar om mjältbrandsutbrottets orsaker och om myndigheternas åtgärder.

    Rapporten redogör för ett antal teman som framkommit under intervjuerna. Hit hör Tidigare kunskap om mjältbrand, Känslor inför djuren och djurs sjukdomar, Avspärrningar, Hanteringen av döda djur, Smittsamhet och materialitet, Tankar om smittkälla och smittvägar, Saneringen, Vaccinationen – genomförande och konsekvenser, Arbetsbelastning och ekonomiska ersättningar, Om hälsoriskerna för egen del, Medial och publik uppmärksamhet, Samspelet med och mellan myndigheterna, Tankar och känslor inför framtiden.

    Samtliga teman innehåller kunskap och åsikter som är av nytta för det fortsatta beredskapsarbetet inför nya utbrott. I rapportens slutdiskussion koncentreras detta under rubrikerna Risk, osäkerhet och beredskap, Utbrottet som ”krismode” – riskbedömning och riskhantering med potentiella ekonomiska och politiska konsekvenser, Mjältbrand som möjligt bioterrorhot samt Kontinuerligt lärande i samverkan. Det viktigaste bidraget i rapporten rör Ombergsutbrottets karaktär av att vara ett ”ovanligt” utbrott i och med den förhållandevis stora geografiska utbredningen och att utbrottet drabbade flera djurarter. Vad innebär detta för kommande riskbedömningar och riskberedskap? Vidare diskuteras nödvändigheten att på ett tidigt stadium involvera och erkänna djurägarnas roll i kunskapsproduktionen och deras betydelse för ett institutionellt lärande om mjältbrandsutbrott.

  • 14.
    Premat, Christophe
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Le renouvellement de l´approche ethnographique par la poétologie: Michel Beaujour, De la poétologie comparative, Paris: Classiques Garnier, 20172018Inngår i: Acta Fabula, ISSN 2115-8037, Vol. 19, nr 2Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [fr]

    Comment saisir une littérature orale sans être influencé par sa propre poétologie, c´est-à-dire sa propre ligne de lecture poétique ? Voici la question à laquelle Michel Beaujour essaie de répondre, en réglant au passage un certain nombre de principes méthodologiques qui sont au cœur de la pratique poétologique. L´analyse des littératures orales éviterait dans le même temps que l´on s´enferme dans un discours scientifique ethnopoétique où le chercheur rendrait compte des sons et des manières de communiquer de la culture étudiée :

    Ce qu´on appellera ici poétologie comparative est un discours second qui construit des poétiques et des poétologies primaires à partir de ce que les agents croient ou savent consciemment, et de ce dont ils n´ont pas (clairement) conscience, du moins lorsqu´ils parlent de poétique, soit parce que cela va sans dire, soit parce que cela relève d´un autre secteur de la culture dont la pertinence ne leur apparaît pas immédiatement (de leur point de vue). (p. 19)

  • 15.
    Ronström, Owe
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    On seriality2018Inngår i: Shima : The International Journal of Research into Island Cultures, ISSN 1834-6049, E-ISSN 1834-6057, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 15-20Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Evans and Harris’s article on salmon examines the manner in which theanadromous fish connect various marine and terrestrial locations and create assemblagesbetween and within them. This short response piece discusses concepts of serialitypertinent to their article and suggests the potential usefulness of such concepts to IslandStudies particularly with regard to its address to combinations of islands and marinespaces.

  • 16.
    Schwarz, Eva
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Lindqvist, Beatriz
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Etnologi.
    Exploring the Phenomenology of Whiteness in a Swedish Preschool Class2018Inngår i: International Journal of Early Childhood, ISSN 0020-7187, E-ISSN 1878-4658, Vol. 50, nr 1, s. 1-14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores how constructions of identity, race and difference permeate and are challenged in a Swedish preschool class. The study is informed by theories of phenomenology and critical whiteness. Data are drawn from a larger ethnographic study conducted in an ethnically diverse preschool. The purpose of the study was to explore how preschool teachers manage and reflect upon the construction of children’s social identity within the institution of a preschool. This report considers one incident relating to racial identity. It began with a child’s representation, the boy named Stanley, in a self-portrait: ‘I want to be white and blonde when I grow up… I want to be like Oscar, not a black boy’. Within this article we consider teachers’ reflections on this incident, discussing how ‘whiteness’ is performed, constructed and interrogated by young children and adults in the preschool and uncovering a certain institutional ‘colour blindness’. In this example ‘race’ announces itself and the children make it visible as an existing category in their everyday life. Children’s drawings and narratives reveal much about the implicit understandings and norms that surround them, pointing to teachers’ responsibilities for exploring the possibilities and limitations offered in preschool education to deal with these understandings.

  • 17.
    Steinrud, Marie
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Etnologi.
    Perfoming Women: The life and work of actresses in Stockholm, c. 1780-18502018Inngår i: Early professional women in Northern Europe, c. 1650-1850 / [ed] Johanna Ilmakunnas, Marjatta Rahikainen, Kirsi Vainio-Korhonen, Abingdon: Routledge, 2018, s. 115-134Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 18.
    Weckerle, Caroline S.
    et al.
    Univ Zurich, Inst Systemat & Evolutionary Bot, CH-8008 Zurich, Switzerland..
    de Boer, Hugo J.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Systematisk biologi. Univ Oslo, Nat Hist Museum, N-0318 Oslo, Norway.
    Puri, Rajindra K.
    Univ Kent, Sch Anthropol & Conservat, Ctr Biocultural Div, Canterbury CT2 7NR, Kent, England..
    van Andel, Tinde
    Naturalis Biodivers Ctr, Darwinweg 2, NL-2333 CR Leiden, Netherlands.;Wageningen Univ & Res, Wageningen, Netherlands..
    Bussmann, Rainer W.
    William L Brown Ctr, Missouri Bot Garden, POB 299, St Louis, MO 63166 USA..
    Leonti, Marco
    Univ Cagliari, Dept Biomed Sci, Via Osped 72, I-09124 Cagliari, Italy..
    Recommended standards for conducting and reporting ethnopharmacological field studies2018Inngår i: Journal of Ethnopharmacology, ISSN 0378-8741, E-ISSN 1872-7573, Vol. 210, s. 125-132Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Ethnopharmacological relevance: What are the minimum methodological and conceptual requirements for an ethnopharmacological field study? How can the results of ethnopharmacological field studies be reported so that researchers with different backgrounds can draw on the results and develop new research questions and projects? And how should these field data be presented to get accepted in a scientific journal such as the Journal of Ethnopharmacology? The objective of this commentary is to create a reference that covers the basic standards necessary during planning, conducting and reporting of field research.

    Materials and methods: We focus on conducting and reporting ethnopharmacological field studies on medicinal plants or materia medico and associated knowledge of a specific people or region. The article highlights the most frequent problems and pitfalls, and draws on published literature, fieldwork experience, and extensive insights from peer-review of field studies.

    Results: Research needs to be ethical and legal, and follow local and national regulations. Primary ethnopharmacological field data need to be collected and presented in a transparent and comprehensible way. In short this includes: 1) Relevant and concise research questions, 2) Thorough literature study encompassing all available information on the study site from different disciplines, 3) Appropriate methods to answer the research questions, 4) Proper plant use documentation, unambiguously linked to voucher specimens, and 5) Qualitative and quantitative analyses of the collected data, the latter relying on use-reports as basic units.

    Conclusion: Although not exhaustive, we provide an overview of the necessary main issues to consider for field research and data reporting including a list of minimal standards and recommendations for best practices. For methodological details and how to correctly apply specific methods, we refer to further reading of suggested textbooks and methods manuals.

  • 19. Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Etnologi.
    Pettersson, Helena
    Temporary international mobility, Family Timing, Dual Career and family democracy. A case of Swedish medical professionals2018Inngår i: Migration Letters, ISSN 1741-8984, E-ISSN 1741-8992, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 99-111Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The article, based on 43 narrative interviews with Swedish physicians and molecular biologists, discusses family timing and family management as crucial factors in temporary international mobility of highly skilled professionals. In the narratives, the family often created a kind of inertia and complication for a prolonged period of working abroad. The interviewees’ dreams and wishes had to be negotiated with a partner pursuing his/her own career, as well as the rest of the family, and there were also a lot of logistics and practicalities to take care of. However, mobility was also regarded as an amazing opportunity for the whole family to be together and to learn about new cultural and social contexts. In several narratives, the temporary and thus “parenthetic” living abroad influenced the otherwise cherished ideals of dual careers, equal gender contract and a respectful parenthood.

  • 20.
    Zackariasson, Maria
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Etnologi. Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Magnusson, Jenny
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Svenska. Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    ’They shouldn’t work all by themselves’: Supervisors’ understandings of student independence in undergraduate projects2018Inngår i: NERA 2018 - 46th CONGRESS Educational Research: Boundaries, Breaches and Bridges: Abstracts, Oslo: University of Oslo , 2018, s. 237-238Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Title: “They shouldn’t work all by themselves!” Supervisors’ understandings of student independence in undergraduate projects

    Authors: Maria Zackariasson, professor, Södertörn University & Jenny Magnusson, lecturer, Södertörn University

    That independence is a concept of scholarly interest in relation to higher education, is evident within the research field on independent learning, as well as in research on supervision within higher education (eg Broad 2006; Cukurova et al 2017; Gurr 2010; Lau 2017; Lee 2008). That it also in other ways constitutes a significant concept within the academic context, is evident for instance in how independence in the Swedish Higher Education Ordinance is described as one of the main goals of higher education (Swedish Council for Higher Education 1993).

    At the same time, independence is characterized by a certain conceptual ambiguity, and, consequently, tends to be understood differently in different academic contexts, both nationally, internationally and interdisciplinary. This may pose a problem not least in relation to the supervision of undergraduate projects. In this paper we examine how supervisors understand the concept independence and how their understandings might influence their attitude to and practice of supervision of undergraduate projects. The analysis is based on focus group interviews with supervisors from two education programs, teacher education and journalism, in two countries, Sweden and Russia.

    In our findings we highlight and discuss several understandings of independence that were evident in our material, and in which phases of the undergraduate project these were regarded to be most significant. The theoretical framework for the paper connects to how a number of concepts that are central within higher education, such as criticality/critical thinking, learner autonomy and independent learning, tend to be characterized by conceptual ambiguity (cf Borg and Al-Busaidi 2012; Gardner 2007; Moore 2011). Using Wittgenstein’s ideas on family resemblances, we discuss how the concept independence may be understood in relation to such associated concepts (Wittgenstein 1958).

    The paper is of relevance to Nordic educational research through its focus on a concept that is rarely discussed and defined, even though it is most significant within higher education and for supervisors’ attitudes and didactic choices.

     

     

    References

    Borg, Simon, and Saleh Al-Busaidi. 2012. "Teachers’ beliefs and practices regarding learner autonomy." ELT Journal 66(3):283-92.

    Broad, James. 2006. "Interpretations of independent learning in further education." Journal of Further and Higher Education 30(2):119-43.

    Cukurova, Mutlu, Judith Bennett, and Ian Abrahams. 2017. "Students’ knowledge acquisition and ability to apply knowledge into different science contexts in two different independent learning settings." Research in Science & Technological Education:1-18.

    Gurr, Geoff. 2010. "Negotiating the "Rackety Bridge" — a Dynamic Model for Aligning Supervisory Style with Research Student Development." Higher Education Research & Development:81-92.

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