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  • 1.
    Aadalen, Sandra
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    Anpassning och differentiering av undervisning i ett klassrum för alla: Strategier för anpassning av undervisning i teori och praktik och dess effekter på elevers delaktighet2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 poäng / 60 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats syftar till att undersöka om och hur undervisning är anpassad eller differentierad baserat på antagandet att elever är varierade och lär på olika sätt samt hur lärares praktik förhåller sig till samtida forskning på området. Uppsatsen undersöker vidare huruvida specifika anpassningar relaterar till ökad delaktighet hos elever.

    Metoden för uppsatsen är en observationsstudie med fenomenologisk ansats. Den innefattar 30 olika lärare under 30 lektioner på en gymnasieskola i Sverige, där majoriteten av eleverna har en diagnos inom neuropsykiatriska spektrumet. Materialet bearbetades kvantitativt i SPSS

    Studien visar att sambandet mellan olika anpassningar och dess koppling mot delaktighet är komplext och påverkas av ett antal olika faktorer och förutsättningar. Det framgår att lärare i högre grad använder sig av vissa anpassningsformer och att andra förekommer mer sällan. Vanligt förekommande är beröm, att erbjuda alternativ för perception, aktivera förkunskaper tydliggörande av begrepp och tydliggöra centrala begrepp. Mindre förekommande faktorer var differentiering av uppgifter, synlig struktur, formativ bedömning, kamratlärande, elevinflytande och självvärdering.

    Uppsatsen kommer vidare att utgöra en grund för kollegialt lärande på skolan då fördjupad kunskap om hur lärare kan anpassa och differentiera undervisningen påverkar elevers lärande.

  • 2.
    Aare, Cecilia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Reportern som ett verktyg för att belysa de andra: Narratologiska konsekvenser av den journalistiska ögonvittnespositionen2015Inngår i: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, nr 1, 5-16 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A reportage is the reporter's story about reality. Even though it details real events, it always presentsa personal interpretation of these events. In contrast to the news article, which primarilyinforms readers, a reportage involves a pronounced degree of personal narration. Normally it is based on the reporter's role as an eyewitness. This essay discusses how the position of the eyewitness establishes narratological structures inthe text, which seem to differ from the structures present in other kinds of non-fiction narrativestold in the first person. For instance, in reading an autobiography, a reader's empathy willbe drawn toward the main character. By contrast, a reportage will direct the reader's empathyaway from the reporter and towards the other. The narratological construction of a reportage may be studied as an interplay between threeinstances: the experiencing reporter, the narrating reporter and the director (the implied reporter).Thus, a three-part model may be utilised in order to help explain, for example, how ahomodiegetic narrator can be combined with external focalisation, and how a character otherthan the experiencing reporter can be internally focalised. It can also illuminate how the textmay employ a form of dissonance between the experiencing and the narrating reporter to serve ajournalistic purpose (displacing the perspective from person – the reporter – to subject-matter).

  • 3.
    Aare, Kätlin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för fonetik.
    Respiratory patterns and turn-taking in spontaneous Estonian: Inhalation amplitude in multiparty conversations2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the relationship between inhalation amplitude and turn-taking in spontaneous multiparty conversations held in Estonian. Respiratory activity is recorded with Respiratory Inductance Plethysmography. The main focus is on how inhalation amplitude varies between the inhalations produced directly before turn onset compared to the following inhalations within the same speaking turn. The results indicate a significant difference in amplitude, realised mainly by an increase in inhalation end lung volume values. One of the possible functions of this pattern is to signal an intention of taking the conversational turn. Another could be a phrasing or grouping function connected to lower inhalation amplitudes within turns.

  • 4.
    Aare, Kätlin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för fonetik.
    Włodarczak, Marcin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för fonetik.
    Heldner, Mattias
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för fonetik.
    Inhalation amplitude and turn-taking in spontaneous Estonian conversations2015Inngår i: Proceedings from Fonetik 2015 Lund, June 8-10, 2015 / [ed] Malin Svensson Lundmark, Gilbert Ambrazaitis, Joost van de Weijer, Lund: Lund University , 2015, 1-5 s.Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the relationship between inhalation amplitude and turn management in four approximately 20 minute long spontaneous multiparty conversations in Estonian. The main focus of interest is whether inhalation amplitude is greater before turn onset than in the following inhalations within the same speaking turn. The results show that inhalations directly before turn onset are greater in amplitude than those later in the turn. The difference seems to be realized by ending the inhalation at a greater lung volume value, whereas the initial lung volume before inhalation onset remains roughly the same across a single turn. The findings suggest that the increased inhalation amplitude could function as a cue for claiming the conversational floor.

  • 5.
    Aase, Zandra
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkstudier.
    Collage etnolingüístico en la poesía mapuche2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study has the goal to analyze the strategy used by the Mapuche poets so called collage ethno-linguistic and to reveal how it is used by their authors. Given that we will analyze poems in which its authors are Mapuche, we want to investigate whether their own worldview, culture and religiosity is reflected into the poem.

     

    For this purpose we will analyze three poems written by the Chilean Mapuche poets in order to have the proper overview of their lyrical poetry. Those poems are “Huida”, by Maribel Mora Curriao, “Quila” from Pedro Alonzo Retamal, and “Desde aquí” from the poet Jaqueline Caniguán.  On the other hand we will also inquire into other papers of several researchers that have studied the ethno-literature, such as Iván and Hugo Carrasco Muñoz and the paper written by the researcher Maria Ester Greve  in order to support our investigation.

     

     

    Key words: ethnolinguistic collage, Maribel Mora Curriao, Pedro Alonzo Retamal, Jaqueline Caniguán, Mapuche poetry, world view, Mapuche religiosity. 

  • 6.
    Abbas, Bafrin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    VILKA FÖRÄNDRINGAR HAR ÄGT RUM?: En analys av sex barn- och ungdomsböcker som skildrar en förändring i lärar- och elevrollen samt deras relation.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 7.
    Abelin, Åsa
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Thorén, Bosse
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Svenska som andraspråk.
    The relative perceptual weight of two Swedish prosodic contrasts2015Inngår i: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Monolingual and Bilingual Speech 2015 / [ed] Elena Babatsouli, David Ingram, Chania 73100, Greece: Institute of Monolingual and Bilingual Speech , 2015, 1-7 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract. In addition to 9 vowel and 18 consonant phonemes, Swedish has three prosodic phonemic contrasts: word stress, quantity and tonal word accent. There are also examples of distinctive phrase or sentence stress, where a verb can be followed by either an unstressed preposition or a stressed particle. This study focuses on word level and more specifically on word stress and tonal word accent in disyllabic words. When making curriculums for second language learners, teachers are helped by knowing which phonetic or phonological features are more or less crucial for the intelligibility of speech and there are some structural and anecdotal evidence that word stress should play a more important role for intelligibility of Swedish, than the tonal word accent. The Swedish word stress is about prominence contrasts between syllables, mainly signaled by syllable duration, while the tonal word accent is signaled mainly by pitch contour. The word stress contrast, as in armen [´arːmən] ‘the arm’ - armén [ar´meːn] ‘the army’, the first word trochaic and the second iambic, is present in all regional varieties of Swedish, and realized with roughly the same acoustic cues, while the tonal word accent, as in anden [´anːdən] ‘the duck’ - anden [`anːdən] ‘the spirit’ is absent in some dialects (as well as in singing), and also signaled with a variety of tonal patterns depending on region. The present study aims at comparing the respective perceptual weight of the two mentioned contrasts. Two lexical decision tests were carried out where in total 34 native Swedish listeners should decide whether a stimulus was a real word or a non-word. Real words of all mentioned categories were mixed with nonsense words and words that were mispronounced with opposite stress pattern or opposite tonal word accent category. The results show that distorted word stress caused more non-word judgments and more loss, than distorted word accent. Our conclusion is that intelligibility of Swedish is more sensitive to distorted word stress pattern than to distorted tonal word accent pattern. This is in compliance with the structural arguments presented above, and also with our own intuition.

  • 8.
    Abelin, Åsa
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Thorén, Bosse
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Svenska som andraspråk.
    What affects recognition most – wrong wordstress or wrong word accent?2015Inngår i: Proceedings of Fonetik 2015, Lund University, Sweden / [ed] Malin Svensson Lundmark, Gilbert Ambrazaitis and Joost van de Weijer, 2015, Vol. 55, 7-10 s.Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In an attempt to find out which of the two Swedish prosodic contrasts of 1) wordstress pattern and 2) tonal word accent category has the greatest communicative weight, a lexical decision experiment was conducted: in one part word stress pattern was changed from trochaic to iambic, and in the other part trochaic accentII words were changed to accent I.Native Swedish listeners were asked to decide whether the distorted words werereal words or ‘non-words’. A clear tendency is that listeners preferred to give more‘non-word’ responses when the stress pattern was shifted, compared to when wordaccent category was shifted. This could have implications for priority of phonological features when teaching Swedish as a second language.

  • 9.
    Abozidan, Elias
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Engelska.
    On the Second-Generation Migrants’ Hybridity and Otherness in Hanif Kureishi’s The Buddha of Suburbia. 2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 10.
    Abrahamsson, Joffrey Levi
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för språk, litteratur och interkultur.
    Elizabeth Bennet's Intelligence: A Reading of Class and Gender Conventions And Transgressions in Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen, gender roles and gender expectations relate to class differences in a system of social convention which operates to delimit all of the characters - men and women, rich people and less privileged people - to a greater or lesser extent, in a way which reflects actual class and gender structures in England around 1800. The most important strain of social commentary on gender and class in the novel is constituted by the characterisation of Elizabeth Bennet. She is associated with intelligence in a way which is vital to her successful breach of gender and class conventions. This essay starts out from Susan Morgan’s ”Intelligence in Pride and Prejudice” and will extend her arguments in my reading of the novel to prove that Elizabeth’s intelligence allows her to transgress social conventions related to gender and class more successfully than other characters and arrive at a happy ending despite having defied social convention. A number of other characters also represent a breach of class and gender conventions. Lydia Bennet elopes with Mr. Wickham, which at the time was considered scandalous. Mr. Darcy tries to ignore his affection for Elizabeth but fails to do so. In comparison to the unconventionality of Elizabeth, who manages to overcome every obstacle by relying on her intelligence in a way which also benefits Darcy and secures a happy ending for him as well, their transgressions are not as successful.



  • 11.
    Ackermann-Boström, Constanze
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för moderna språk.
    "In Deutschland wird nicht gelogen." Eine Fallstudie zur sprachlichen Identität einer Spätaussiedlerin in Sprachbiographien2015Inngår i: Visionen und Illusionen: Beiträge zur 11. Arbeitstagung schwedischer Germanistinnen und Germanisten, Text im Kontext in Göteborg am 4./5. April 2014 / [ed] Magnus P. Ängsal, Frank Thomas Grub, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2015, 41-50 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 12.
    Adamou, Evangelia
    et al.
    Oral Tradition Languages and Civilizations laboratory, French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) & University Paris Sorbonne Nouvelle, France.
    Granqvist, Kimmo
    Department of Finnish, Finno-Ugrian and Scandinavian Studies, Helsingin Yliopisto, Finland.
    Unevenly mixed Romani languages2015Inngår i: International Journal of Bilingualism, ISSN 1367-0069, E-ISSN 1756-6878, Vol. 19, nr 5, 525-547 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study reports on language mixing in two Romani communities, with a century-long presence in Finland and in Greece respectively. A quantitative analysis of free-speech data shows that verbs from the contact languages, Finnish and Turkish, are systematically inserted into a dominant Romani speech with their respective Finnish and Turkish tense, mood, aspect, and person morphology. The insertion in language A of non-integrated single words from language B is atypical for classic code-switching and borrowing, but is a well-known mechanism in the creation of mixed languages. Unlike mixed languages, however, where no single dominant language can be identified, Romani is the main component in the corpora under study. We suggest that this type of Romani language mixing illustrates an early stage of mixed language formation that did not develop into an independent mixed language, owing to changes in the sociopolitical settings.

  • 13.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nordiska språk.
    Birgitta and Bernard: Five Old Swedish Fragments in the Danish National Archives2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Danish National Archives in Copenhagen houses several thousand manuscript fragments, the remains of numerous works that were cut up and used in the bindings of later books. The majority of these fragments are written in Latin, Middle Low German, or Danish, although a few in Old Swedish also survive. Five of these Old Swedish fragments are published and discussed in this article. They contain parts of two of St Birgitta’s Revelations (Liber Caelestis) and of St Bernard’s A Rule of Good Life (Ad sororem modus bene vivendi in christianam religionem), known in Old Swedish as Ett gudhelikt lifwærne. The Birgittine texts are from an early stage of the retranslation process when compared to other extant versions and include several unique wordings that demonstrate the specific use of the original manuscript in a monastic environment. The Bernard fragments are one of just two extant versions and appear to predate the version in Stockholm, Royal Library, A 9; as such, they are an important witness to the propagation of the saint’s writings in Sweden.

  • 14.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nordiska språk.
    Fjerne spejle: Jøder og muslimer i østnordisk litteratur2015Inngår i: Årsskrift for Det Unge Akademi, 10-13 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [da]

    De fleste studier om jøder, muslimer og kristne i middelalderens Europa fokuserer på de områder, hvor de levede sammen. Behandlingen af de ikke-kristne i de komplekse spændinger mellem kirken og de sekulære myndigheder danner kernen i disse studier, som fx sigter på at undersøge de spontane udbrud af antijødisk vold i dele af Central- og Vesteuropa eller virkeligheden bag den fredelige sameksistens, ”convivencia”, i Spanien. Følgerne af bl.a. korstogene, pesten, økonomisk nedtur samt politisk og social uro i disse områder regnes som de vigtigste faktorer i de skiftende forhold mellem de tre grupper naboer. Forholdene påvirkede også de skriftlige fremstillinger, da litteratur i middelalderen ligesom nu var et af de vigtigste midler, hvorved man udtrykte sin verdensopfattelse og skabte mening og struktur i det omkringliggende samfund. Disse tekster giver en et vigtigt indblik i, hvordan kristne europæere tænkte og hvad der optog dem.

  • 15.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nordiska språk.
    Indledning: Østnordisk filologi - nu og i fremtiden2015Inngår i: Østnordisk filologi: nu og i fremtiden / [ed] Jonathan Adams, Odense: Syddansk Universitetsforlag, 2015, 11-13 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 16.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nordiska språk.
    Om at oversætte antisemitisme til dansk: Poul Ræffs udgivelse af Jødernes hemmeligheder (1516)2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nordiska språk.
    The Life of the Prophet Muḥammad in East Norse2015Inngår i: Fear and Loathing in the North: Jews and Muslims in Medieval Scandinavia / [ed] Jonathan Adams & Cordelia Heß, Berlin: De Gruyter , 2015, 203-237 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 18.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nordiska språk.
    The Revelations of St Birgitta: A Study and Edition of the Birgittine-Norwegian Texts, Swedish National Archives, E 89022015Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In The Revelations of St Birgitta: A Study and Edition of the Birgittine-Norwegian Texts, Swedish National Archives, E 8902, Jonathan Adams offers a detailed analysis of the manuscript and its contents as well as a new edition of this puzzling text. The Birgittine-Norwegian texts are very distinctive from the main Birgittine vernacular corpus of literature and have taxed scholars for decades as to why and for whom they were written.

    The linguistic study of the manuscript is combined with contextual and historical information in order to reinforce the arguments made and offer explanations within a cultural context. This provides a welcome new dimension to earlier research that has otherwise been pursued to a large degree within a single academic discipline.

     

    CONTENTS

     

    Table of contents

    List of Figures

    List of Tables

    Acknowledgements

    List of Abbreviations

     

    I Background

     

    1 St Birgitta and her Revelations

    1.1 Why St Birgitta?

    1.2 The life of St Birgitta

    1.3 The Revelations of St Birgitta (Latin tradition)

    1.4 The Revelations of St Birgitta (Swedish tradition)

    1.5 This book

     

    2 Textual history of the vernacular Scandinavian manuscripts

    2.1 Extant Swedish manuscripts

    2.1.1 Swedish retranslation

    2.2 Other Scandinavian manuscripts

    2.2.1 Old Danish

    2.2.2 Middle Norwegian

    2.3 Summary

     

    3 Birgitta and Norway

    3.1 Towards Nordic union in the fourteenth century: Royalty and the nobility

    3.2 Birgitta’s own personal contacts with Norway

    3.3 Birgitta’s family connections with Norway

    3.4 The Birgittine Movement in Norway and Munkeliv

    3.5 Summary

     

    4 Summary of previous research into the manuscript

    4.1 Gustaf E. Klemming

    4.2 Robert Geete

    4.3 Knut B. Westman

    4.4 Vilhelm Gödel

    4.5 Salomon Kraft

    4.6 Marius Sandvei

    4.7 Didrik Arup Seip

    4.8 Elias Gustaf Adolf Wessén

    4.9 Lars Wollin

    4. 10 Lennart Moberg

    4.11 Hans Torben Gilkær

    4.12 General evaluation of earlier theories

     

    II Manuscript

     

    5 Manuscript description

    5.1 Date and origin

    5.2 Provenance

    5.3 Contents

    5.4 Make-up and description

    5.4.1 Foliation

    5.4.2 Materials and dimensions

    5.4.3 Quiring

    5.4.4 Ruling and pricking

    5.4.5 Catchwords

    5.5 Script

    5.5.1 Scribal characteristics

    5.5.2 Abbreviations

    5.5.3 Punctuation

    5.5.4 Hyphenation and Word Division

    5.5.5 Spacing

    5.5.6 Rubrics and Guide Letters

    5.5.7 Marginal Notes

    5.6 Binding

    5.7 Damage

    5.8 Scribal error

     

    III Language

     

    6 Lexicon: idiosyncracies, foreign influence, and dialectal forms

    6.1 Hapax Legomena

    6.1.1 *drøvuker

    6.1.2 *iakilse and *iatilse

    6.1.3 *nidherflytilse

    6.1.4 *solbadh

    6.1.5 *spailse

    6.1.6 *søkiarinna

    6.1.7 *unsæld

    6.1.8 *urfamse/orfamse

    6.1.9 Distribution

    6.1.10 Discussion

    6.2 Middle Low German loanwords

    6.2.1 Unbound Morphemes

    6.2.2 Bound Morphemes

    6.2.3 Summary

    6.3 Latin words and phrases in E 8902

    6.3.1 Adjectives and Common Nouns

    6.3.2 Proper Nouns

    6.4 Vadstenaspråk-like, Östgötska, and Danish features

     

    7 Language mixture in medieval Scandinavian manuscripts

    7.1 Causes of Swedish influence on Norwegian in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries

    7.1.1 Early definitions

    7.1.2 The problem of defining “norm” in the context of Old Norwegian 

    7.1.3 Internal causes of mixture

    7.1.4 External causes of mixture

    7.1.5 A diglossic situation in late medieval Norway?

    7.2. Intentional types of language mixture in medieval Scandinavian manuscripts

    7.2.1 Terminology

    7.2.2 Summary

    7.3 Causes of unintentional language mixture (“interference”) in medieval Scandinavian manuscripts

    7.3.1 Scribe’s own idiolect

    7.3.2 Scribe’s own dialect

    7.3.3 Dialect of the original

    7.3.4 Dialect of the area

    7.3.5 Norm of the genre

    7.3.6 Norm of the scriptorium

    7.3.7 Audience

    7.3.8 Summary

    7.4 Concluding remarks

     

    8 Analysis of language mixture in E 8902

    8.1 The use of statistics in literary research

    8.2 The diagnostic test features for E 8902 

    8.2.1 Diagnostic test feature A: Progressive i-mutation

    8.2.2 Diagnostic test feature B: Itacism

    8.2.3 Diagnostic test feature C: Diphthongisation

    8.2.4 Diagnostic test feature D: Monophthongisation

    8.2.5 Diagnostic test feature E: Vowel merger

    8.2.6 Diagnostic test feature F: Elision

    8.2.7 Diagnostic test feature G: Dental assimilation

    8.2.8 Diagnostic test feature H: First person singular pronoun

    8.2.9 Diagnostic test feature I: Relative particle

    8.2.10 Diagnostic test feature J: Anglo-Saxon letter forms

    8.3 Statistical procedure

    8.3.1 Total number of occurrences and proportion

    8.3.2 Rate of occurrence

    8.3.3 Ellegård’s distinctiveness ratio

    8.3.4 Testing for significance

    8.3.5 Pearson’s product-moment correlation coefficient

    8.3.6 Summary

    8.4 Language mixture

    8.4.1 Findings of the statistical analysis of language mixture

    8.5 Miscellaneous south-eastern Norwegian Forms

    8.5.1 The intrusive svarabhakti vowel

    8.5.2 Metaphony

    8.5.3 Metathesis of “vr”

    8.6 Summary of hand mixture types

    8.6.1 Hand 1

    8.6.2 Hand 2

    8.6.3 Hand 3

    8.6.4 Hand 4

    8.7 Summary of linguistic analysis

     

    9 Conclusion

    9.1 Summary of aims, methods, and findings

    9.2 Writing E 8902 

    9.2.1 Scribes

    9.2.2 Language

    9.2.3 Place of composition

    9.2.4 The manuscript’s place in the Swedish tradition

    9.3 Contents and audience

     

    IV Edition

     

    10 Text and commentary

    10.1 Editorial procedure

    10.2 Transcription

     

    11 Commentary, references, and indexes

    11.1 Commentary and references

    11.2 Index of names and places in E 8902

     

    Bibliography

    Index

     

  • 19.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nordiska språk.
    Thus shall Christian people know to reproach them: Translating Pfefferkorn into Danish2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1516 Poul Ræff published Nouiter in lucem data: iudeorum secreta (‘Recently brought out into the light: The secrets of the Jews’), his Danish translation of Johannes Pfefferkorn’s Libellus de Judaica confessione (‘The small book of the confession of the Jews’ from 1508). Nouiter in lucem data is the oldest extant book in Danish printed by a Dane in Denmark – something that makes the book rather remarkable. (Earlier books in Danish had been printed either by Danes abroad or by foreigners in Denmark.)

    This paper will investigate how Ræff translated Pfefferkorn by focusing on his use of native elements, mistranslations and errors, and omissions and simplifications. It will also look at the context in which Ræff’s translation was read by looking at the marginalia and surrounding texts tha Nouiter in lucem data is bound with in its two extant copies. Furthermore, it will attempt to answer the question of why Ræff invested his time and money in publishing Pfefferkorn in Denmark – a country with no resident Jewish population at the time – and whether he was successful in his aims.

  • 20.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nordiska språk.
    Østnordisk filologi: nu og i fremtiden2015Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [da]

    I Østnordisk filologi – nu og i fremtiden finder man diskussionsoplæg og artikler skrevet af nitten af tidens mest markante forskere inden for den østnordiske filologi. Udover at redegøre for fagets nuværende status og drøfte dets fremtid afspejler bogen den brede vifte af arbejder og aktiviteter, som foregår for tiden, og illustrerer, hvordan faget er i gang med at udvikle og forny sig.

    I kapitlet Perspektiver kan man læse fem etablerede forskeres overvejelser og refleksioner over den østnordiske filologi; de giver stof til eftertanke i form af brugbare pejlemærker og gode råd til yngre forskere.

    De fem artikler i afsnittet Østnordisk filologi – hvordan og hvorfor? omhandler fagets historie, udbredelse, læremidler samt metodiske udviklinger.

    Afsnittet Håndskriftstudier indeholder tre artikler, der beskæftiger sig med et antal svenske håndskrifter (som bl.a. indeholder Birgittas åbenbaringer, allegorisk digtning og lovtekster).

    De fem artikler samlet i det sidste afsnit, Tekster og kulturhistorie, omhandler emner som latinsk-svensk sprogblanding, udviklingen af den senmiddelalderlige litteratur, sammenhængen mellem materiel og skriftlig kultur, oversættelse samt tekst- og håndskrifttransmission til Norden sydfra.

    Bogen er den første publikation udgivet af Selskab for Østnordisk Filologi, stiftet i Uppsala i 2013.

    INDHOLD

    Liste over illustrationer

    Tak

    1. Indledning: Østnordisk filologi – nu og i fremtiden

    Jonathan Adams

    2. Perspektiver

    Stephen Mitchell, Bridget Morris, Per-Axel Wiktorsson, Henrik Williams & Lars Wollin

    I. ØSTNORDISK FILOLOGI – HVORDAN OG HVORFOR?

    3. Udgivelse af østnordiske middelaldertekster – et historisk tilbageblik

    Britta Olrik Frederiksen

    4. Vem är intresserad av östnordiska texter?

    Ingela Hedström

    5. Sten eller frugter? Hjælpemidler i studieudgaver af østnordiske tekster

    Simon Skovgaard Boeck

    6. Gammeldansk formidlet til den digitale tidsalder

    Marita Akhøj Nielsen

    7. Maskinell identifiering av skrivtecken i medeltida handskrifter ur ett språkvetenskapligt perspektiv

    Lasse Mårtensson

    II. HÅNDSKRIFTSSTUDIER

    8. Stemmatologi och textförändring

    Roger Andersson

    9. Schacktavelslek och intertextuell dialog i AM 191 fol. och Cod. Holm. D 3

    Massimiliano Bampi

    10. En senmedeltida laghandskrift och dess förlaga, skrivare och ägare

    Nils Dverstorp

    III. TEKSTER, INTERTEKSTUALITET OG KULTURHISTORIE

    11. Verbalis saepe translatio. Om de latinska citaten i Jöns Buddes skrifter

    Mikko Kauko

    12. Karlskrönikan och utvecklingen av det senmedeltida svenska litterära systemet

    Fulvio Ferrari

    13. Late Medieval Reading of Marian Sculptures from Swedish Parish Churches

    Jonas Carlquist

    14. Om att bryta gränser: Gudsordet på skandinaviska folkspråk från mission till reformation

    Karl G. Johansson

    15. Handskriftsvandringar: Ett projekt om senmedeltida text- och handskrifters transmission från syd till nord

    Regina Jucknies

  • 21.
    Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nordiska språk.
    Heß, Cordelia
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Encounters and Fantasies: Muslims, Jews and Christians in the North2015Inngår i: Fear and Loathing in the North: Jews and Muslims in Medieval Scandinavia and the Baltic Region / [ed] Jonathan Adams & Cordelia Heß, Berlin: De Gruyter , 2015, 3-28 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 22.
    Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nordiska språk.
    Heß, CordeliaGöteborgs universitet.
    Fear and Loathing in the North: Jews and Muslims in Medieval Scandinavia and the Baltic Region2015Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the scarcity of sources regarding actual Jewish and Muslim communities and settlements, there has until now been little work on either the perception of or encounters with Muslims and Jews in medieval Scandinavia and the Baltic Region. The volume provides the reader with the possibility to appreciate and understand the complexity of Jewish-Christian-Muslim relations in the medieval North. The contributions cover topics such as cultural and economic exchange between Christians and members of other religions; evidence of actual Jews and Muslims in the Baltic Rim; images and stereotypes of the Other.

    The volume thus presents a previously neglected field of research that will help nuance the overall picture of interreligious relations in medieval Europe.

    Contents

    Introduction

    1. Jonathan Adams and Cordelia Heß: Encounters and Fantasies: Muslims, Jews and Christians in the North

    I. Contact

    2. Bjørn Bandlien: Trading with Muslims and the Sámi in Medieval Norway

    3. Christian Etheridge: The Evidence for Islamic Scientific Works in Medieval Iceland

    4. Kay Peter Jankrift: Fire-Worshipping Magicians of the North: Muslim Perceptions of Scandinavia and the Norsemen

    5. Stefan Schröder: The Encounter with Islam Between Doctrinal Image and Life Writing: Ambrosius Zeebout’s Report of Joos van Ghistele’s Travels to the East 1481–1485

    II. Settlement

    6. Cordelia Heß: Jews and the Black Death in Fourteenth-Century Prussia: A Search for Traces

    7. Michalina Duda: Jewish Physicians in the Teutonic Order’s Prussian State in the Late Middle Ages

    8. Krzysztof Kwiatkowski: The Muslim People of Desht-i Qipchaq in Fifteenth-Century Prussia

    9. Veronika Klimova: Karaite Settlement in Medieval Lithuania

    III. Images and Stereotypes: Scandinavia

    10. Yvonne Friedman: Christian Hatred of the Other: Theological Rhetoric vs. Political

    Reality

    11. Jonathan Adams: The Life of the Prophet Muḥammad in East Norse

    12. Richard Cole: Kyn / Fólk / Þjóð / Ætt: Proto-Racial Thinking and its Application to Jews in Old Norse Literature

    IV. Images and Stereotypes: Baltic Region

    13. Sarit Cofman-Simhon: Missionary Theatre on the Baltic Frontier: Negotiating the Imagined Jew in the Riga Ludus Prophetarum

    14. Elina Räsänen: Advocating, Converting, and Torturing: Images of Jews (and Muslimized Pagans) in the Kalanti Altarpiece

    15. Shlomo Lotan: The Teutonic Knights and their Attitude about Muslims: Saracens in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem and in the Baltic Region

    16. Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė: The Image of the Infidelis in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania: A Comparison of the Trends in the Creation of Anti-Jewish and Anti-Muslim Stereotypes

    17. Madis Maasing: Infidel Turks and Schismatic Russians in Late Medieval Livonia

  • 23.
    Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nordiska språk.
    Luetzelschwab, Ralf
    Freie Universität Berlin.
    Editorial2015Inngår i: Medieval Sermon Studies, ISSN 1366-0691, E-ISSN 1749-6276, Vol. 59, nr 1, 1-1 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 24.
    Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nordiska språk.
    Lützelschwab, RalfFreie Universität Berlin.
    Medieval Sermon Studies2015Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Medieval Sermon Studies (MSS) is published annually under the auspices of the International Medieval Sermon Studies Society. This refereed journal features insightful articles on sermon studies and related areas; reviews; sermon transcriptions; and information about work in progress are also included. MSS is an essential resource not only for sermon specialists but also for researchers working in the field of religious culture, history, and literature. It has a world-wide circulation among eminent academics and institutional subscribers.

    Editors: Jonathan Adams and Ralf Lützelschwab

    CONTENTS 

    Editorial

    Society News

    Conference News

    Articles:

    Rêves et visions dans le Liber de exemplis et similitudinibus rerum de Jean de San Gimignano; Franco Morenzoni

    Girolamo Savonarola’s Critique of Astrology through the De doctrina Aristotelis; Lorenza Tromboni

    Robert Rypon and the Creation of London, British Library, MS Harley 4894: A Master Preacher and his Sermon Collection; Holly Johnson

    The Elephant In and Out of the Room: Remigio dei Girolami’s Responses to Charles de Valois; Teresa Rupp

    The Critical Edition of the Medieval Waldensian Sermons; Andrea Giraudo

    Reviews:

    Jonathan Adams and Jussi Hanska, eds, The Jewish-Christian Encounter in Medieval Preaching (Cordelia Heß); Nirit Ben-Aryeh Debby, The Cult of St Clare of Assisi in Early Modern Italy (Pietro Delcorno); Pietro Delcorno, Lazzaro e il ricco epulone. Metamorfosi di una parabola fra Quattro e Cinquecento (Jussi Hanska); Jean Longère, Iacobi de Vitriaco sermones vulgares vel ad status. Prologus, I–XXXVI (Marjorie Burghart); Maria Giuseppina Muzzarelli, From Words to Deeds. The Effectiveness of Preaching in the Late Middle Ages (Ralf Lützelschwab); Daniele Solvi, L’agiografia su Bernardino santo (1450–1460) (Pietro Delcorno).

  • 25.
    Adamsson, My Emma
    Konstfack, Institutionen för Design, Konsthantverk och Konst (DKK), Inredningsarkitektur & Möbeldesign.
    The new story of the subwaystation2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 26.
    Adamsson, Sophie
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för konstnärliga studier.
    Kan jag låta sådär?: En observationsstudie med fokus på "edge" i sångmetoden "komplett sångteknik"2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att få större insikt i vad det innebär att utveckla en ny sångteknik. För att undersöka detta har jag under en fyraveckorsperiod övat edge tio minuter per dag, fem dagar i veckan. Tre av dessa övningstillfällen har videofilmats. Jag har också använt mig av loggbok för att dokumentera mina olika upplevelser under processens gång. Som teoretisk utgångspunkt har jag utgått utifrån ett sociokulturellt perspektiv. I resultatet redovisas vilka redskap som användes och hur dessa hanterades samt hur processen gällande lärandet har utvecklats. Resultatet visar att de mest centrala redskap som användes var kroppen, metodboken, pianostol, vägg och en låt. Flera av redskapen användes för att få bättre luftkontroll. I diskussionen beskriver jag utifrån det sociokulturella perspektivet vilka förutsättningar som har funnits samt vilka redskap som användes vid lärandet. 

  • 27. Adcock, Tina
    et al.
    Roberts, Peder
    Nations, Natures, and Networks: The New Environments of Northern Studies2015Inngår i: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 9, nr 1, 7-11 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 28.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV).
    Celt and Germans in Iron Age Europe: Imagined Communities and strategies among scholars2015Inngår i: Concurrences in postcolonial research - perspectives, methodologies, engagements, 20-23 aug, Kalmar, 2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 29.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV).
    Identitet och verksamhet: Hjulbärande gudinnor och attribut i mellaneuropeisk järnåldersikonografi2015Inngår i: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, Vol. 64, nr 2, 53-76 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the difference between identifying and classifying attributes and analyzes the problematic implications if we confuse the two. The empirical material consists of Gallic stone reliefs depicting goddesses with a wheel as attribute. Male deities depicted with wheels have mainly been identified as a Celtic Jupiter or a male sky god sometimes called Taranis. The Gallic goddesses show that the wheel attribute was not an identifying attribute exclusive to this god, but that it rather served as a marker for an activity shared by several deities, both male and female. The articles argument that we need to distinguish between identifying and classifying attributes in order to make a source critical and methodological correct iconographical interpretation, especially when we interpret iconographical representation without the aid of any written sources.

  • 30.
    Aditya, Pawar
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Designhögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Composing the Umeå pantry: a platform for dialogue on food production and human survival2015Inngår i: Participatory Innovation Conference, PIN-C / [ed] Rianne Valkenburg, Coen Dekkers, Janneke Sluijs, The Hague, 2015, Vol. 1, 83-90 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Umeå Pantry was a five-week long public art event held in Umeå, Sweden, aimed at making concerns about food production public and supporting local communities interested in food related practices.

    The event consisted of a series of performances where participant communities were invited to a dialogue on food concerns and practices in the region. The performances took the form of communal activities such as food harvesting, cooking, workshops, debates and demonstrations.

    The making of the art event highlights the practice of creating forms for engagement and participation of disparate communities around social issues.

    In the broader picture, this project contributes to the understanding of community participatory design and design for social innovation.

  • 31.
    Aditya, Pawar
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Designhögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Open-collaborative libraries: Libraries as generative community centres2015Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 32.
    Aditya, Pawar
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Designhögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Prototyping boundary objects: Boundary objects as means for negotiating a cultural imaginary2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 33.
    Adolfsson, Sofie
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap (UV).
    Datorns betydelse i skolan år 2014: Elevers upplevelser av datoranvändningen i lärandet.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 330 hpOppgave
  • 34.
    Adrian, Takac
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nordiska språk.
    Hantering av svenska kulturspecifika referenser i en engelsk och tjeckisk översättning av Stieg Larssons Män som hatar kvinnor2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att analysera och jämföra den engelska och tjeckiska översättningen av Stieg Larssons kriminalroman Män som hatar kvinnor och undersöka hur svenska kulturspecifika referenser har hanterats  och om de överatta texterna blev domesticerade (målspråksorienterade) eller exotiserade (källspråksorienterade). Detta undersöks genom att kategorisera de svenska kulturspecifika referenser som finns i boken och genom att kartlägga de översättningstekniker som översättarna använt sig av vid översättningen samt genom att utföra en statistisk analys av översättningsteknikernas fördelning i texterna. Eftersom vissa översättningstekniker bidrar till att den översatta texten blir domesticerad och vissa till att den blir exotiserad borde denna analys tydligt visa vilken global översättningsstrategi, d.v.s. domesticering eller exotisering, som tillämpats på båda måltexterna.

    Resultatet visar att det finns 306 svenska kulturspecifika referenser i boken Män som hatar kvinnor. Dessa har kategoriserats i kategorierna Geografiska namn; Personnamn; Institutioner, företag och organisationer; Mat och dryck; Politiska begrepp; Tidningar och TV; Högtider; Fordon och Övrigt. Dessa kulturspecifika referenser har översatts med hjälp av följande översättningstekniker: bevarande, förtydligande, direkt översättning,  etablerad motsvarighet, generalisering, kulturell motsvarighet och utelämnande. Kategorierna och översättningsteknikerna förklaras samt exempel på varje tas upp i uppsatsen.

    Den statistiska analysen av översättningsteknikerna har visat att de översatta texterna har blivit starkt exotiserade, d.v.s. källspråksorienterade. 80% av kulturspecifika referenser i målspråket tjeckiska har översatts på ett exoticerande sätt medan i målspråket engelska är det 89%. En stark exotisering av den översatta texten kan å ena sidan resultera i att texten blir svårläst, å andra sidan framhävs den främmande kulturen (den svenska kulturen i detta fall) och det kan vara en av anledningar till att svenska kriminalromaner har blivit så populära i hela världen.

  • 35.
    Adrià, Carbonell
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Arkitekthögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Rethinking the urban: ecology, infrastructure, urbanization2015Inngår i: ASA15 Symbiotic anthropologies: theoretical commensalities and methodological mutualisms, University of Exeter , 2015, 64-64 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper will explore a new notion of urbanity in the context of planetary urbanisation, through the investigation and analysis of the following themes: urban-ecology, urban-infrastructure, and new processes of urbanisation.

  • 36.
    Aejmelaeus-Lindström, Petrus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    FAD* for Stadsgårdskajen2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    FAD * for Stadsgårdskajen

    Re-introduction of some of the knowledge from the master builder to the contemporary architect.

    This project investigates the interaction between designing architecture and building architecture in a computer controlled context. Algorithms have been developed to simulate and control an automated in situ brick stacking process. Brick laying is a well researched topic for robotic processes. It is an ideal material for building with robots (in Stockholm) since it is a generic building block that is cheap and easy to produce locally. Corbeled vaults, instead of keystone vaults, can be built without support and with all identical elements and are therefore also suitable for robotic fabrication. 

    The algorithms have been incorporated in a parametric model that have been used to develop public building at Stadsgårdskajen, Stockholm. FAD is about creating and explore a different architectural expression as well as reintroducing the brick as a relevant construction material for Stockholm.

  • 37.
    af Burén, Ann
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Religionsvetenskap. Göteborgs universitet.
    Living Simultaneity: On religion among semi-secular Swedes2015Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims at contributing to a critical discussion on the supposedly far-reaching secularity of Sweden on the one hand, and on the incongruence and inconsistency of lived religion on the other. At the center are people referred to as semi-secular Swedes – a group that is often neglected in the study of religion. These people do not go to church or get involved in any other alternative organized spiritual activities, neither are they actively opposed to religion or entirely indifferent to it. Most of them describe the ways they are – or are not – religious as in line with the majority patterns in Swedish society.

    The study is qualitative in method and the material has been gathered through interviews and a questionnaire. It offers a close reading of 28 semi-secular Swedes’ ways of talking about and relating to religion, particularly in reference to their everyday lives and their own experiences, and it analyzes the material with a focus on incongruences.

    By exploring how the term religion is employed vernacularly by the respondents, the study pinpoints one particular feature in the material, namely simultaneity. The concept of simultaneity is descriptive and puts emphasis on a ‘both and’ approach in (1) the way the respondents ascribe meaning to the term religion, (2) how they talk about themselves in relation to different religious designations, and (3) how they interpret experiences that they single out as ‘out-of-the-ordinary’. These simultaneities are explained and theorized through analyses focusing on intersubjective and discursive processes.

    In relation to theorizing on religion and religious people this study offers empirical material that nuance a dichotomous understanding of ‘the religious’ and ‘the secular’. In relation to methodology it is argued that the salience of simultaneity in the material shows that when patterns of religiosity among semi-secular Swedes are studied there is a need to be attentive to expressions of complexity, contradiction and incongruity.

  • 38.
    af Burén, Ann
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Religionsvetenskap.
    Multiplicity of religious self-descriptions among semi-secular Swedes2015Inngår i: Abstract Book: XXI Quinquennial World Congress of the Interna-tional Association for the History of Religions (IAHR), Erfurt, Germany, August 23-29, 2015, 2015, 280- s.Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 39.
    Afram, Eliane
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation.
    Ordinlärning i främmande språk: En forskningsöversikt om effekten av implicita och explicita metoder.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    När man lär sig ett nytt språk så är det ytterst viktigt att kunna ha ett brett och varierat ordförråd. Elever somstuderar engelska som andraspråk eller främmandespråk, eller ett annat modern språk, ställs alltid inför kravet attexpandera sitt ordförråd. Uppsatsen ämnar ge en mer allmän klarhet och bringa förståelse för ordinlärningsprocessenoch dessutom undersöka vilken metod, implicit eller explicit, som leder till ett ökat ordförråd. En systematiskforskningsöversikt genomfördes, och totalt ingick 10 empiriska artiklar som analyserades och kategoriseradessystematiskt. Resultatet visade på en variation gällande studiernas slutsatser på viken metod som är effektivast.Däremot visar resultatet klart och tydligt vikten av att inkludera explicit metod i undervisningen för att effektiviseraordinlärningen speciellt vid läsning.

  • 40.
    Afrasiabi, Soran
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för språk, litteratur och interkultur.
    The River as a Symbol of Liberty: An analysis regarding the Significance of the Mississippi River in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the extensive research on slavery during the antebellum, few authors have investigated the connection between the Mississippi river and its importance and status as a symbol of freedom throughout The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, written by Mark Twain. Therefore, this essay attempts to analyze just how much the river actually meant for Huck and Jim during their journey towards freedom. The methodology of this analysis is based on a qualitative content analysis where categories are created and put it in relation to the historical and political landscape the novel presents. By investigating how the river functioned as an optional escape route that would lead the slaves far away from the notoriously bad treatment on the cotton fields, as well as the dangerous riverside settings which involved several risks for both Huck and Jim, this essay concludes that the river does not only work as an escape route away from captivity and civilization, it also provided the characters with a comfortable and safe home which alone could symbolize liberty.

  • 41.
    Afzal, Amina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande.
    The Beauty and the Beast: Magical Realism in Salman Rushdie’s Shame2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Mild psychological effects, such as sleep-deprivation, on an oppressed and tortured human being can be characterized as “normal”. However, Shame by Salman Rushdie uses magical realist style to describe the psychological effects of shame in a patriarchal society which is based on capitalistic class values. This essay will focus on the Marxist feminist reading of the novel with a psychoanalytical perspective which is going to help analyse the effects of the oppressed female characters, Bilquis Hyder, Sufiya Zinobia and Rani Harappa.  The essay focuses on different incidents in the lives of these characters with the help of critics such as Aijaz Ahmad and Timothy Brennan. Both have written critically about Rushdie. This essay will discuss the different aspects of Marxism, feminism as well as psychoanalysis and connecting them to the novel, which would give the answers as to what shame can do to a person’s psyche. The Beauty and the Beast fairy-tale gets a different perception in this story, as Sufiya Zinobia is both the characters in one.

  • 42.
    Agazzi, Birgitta
    Institutet för språk och folkminnen, Språkrådet.
    Nyord i svenskan: Blogg, fulbryt, pudla, rondellhund och andra nytillskott från A till Ö2015Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 43.
    Agbetsoamedo, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap. University of Ghana, Ghana.
    The tense and aspect system of Sɛlɛɛ: A preliminary analysis2015Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 44. Agbetsoamedo, Yvonne
    et al.
    Ameka, Felix
    Atintono, Samuel
    Koptjevskaja Tamm, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Temperature terms in the Ghanaian languages in a typological perspective2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This talk deals with the conceptualisation of temperature in some of the Ghanaian languages as reflected in their systems of central temperature terms, such as hot, cold, to freeze, etc. We will discuss these systems in the light of a large-scale cross-linguistic collaborative project, involving 35 researchers (including the present authors) and covering more than 50 genetically, areally and typologically diverse languages (Koptjevskaja-Tamm ed. 2015). The key questions addressed here are how the different languages carve up the temperature domain by means of their linguistic expressions, and how the temperature expressions are used outside of the temperature domain. Languages cut up the temperature domain among their expressions according to three main dimensions: TEMPERATURE VALUES (e.g., warming vs. cooling temperatures, or excessive heat vs. pleasant warmth), FRAMES OF TEMPERATURE EVALUATION (TACTILE, The stones are cold; AMBIENT, It is cold here; and PERSONAL-FEELING, I am cold), and ENTITIES whose “temperature” is evaluated.  Although the temperature systems are often internally heterogeneous, we may still talk about the main temperature value distinctions for the whole system. The Ghanaian languages favour the cross-linguistically preferred two-value systems, with water often described by a more elaborated system. An interesting issue concerns conventionalisation and frequency of expressions with a primary meaning outside of the temperature domain, for temperature uses. For instance, the conventionalised expressions for talking about ‘warm/hot’ in Ewe involve sources of heat (‘fire’) and bodily exuviae (‘sweat’). The Ghanaian languages often manifest numerous extended uses of their temperature terms. However, strikingly, none of them conforms to one of the most widely quoted conceptual metaphors, “affection is warmth” (Lakoff & Johnson 1999:50), which is also true for many other languages in (West) Africa and otherwise.

  • 45.
    Agbetsoamedo, Yvonne
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap. University of Ghana, Ghana.
    Di Garbo, Francesca
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Sɛlɛɛ2015Inngår i: Edinburgh handbook of evaluative morphology / [ed] Nicola Grandi, Livia Kortvelyessy, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2015, 487-495 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 46.
    Agbetsoamedo, Yvonne
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap. University of Ghana, Ghana.
    Di Garbo, Francesca
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Unravelling temperature terms in Sɛlɛɛ2015Inngår i: The linguistics of temperature / [ed] Maria Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2015, 107-127 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the encoding of temperature in Sɛlɛɛ, a Niger-Congo language of the Kwa group, spoken in Ghana. The lexicon of temperature in Sɛlɛɛ consists of six central and two non-central temperature terms, distributed among the word classes of nouns, adjectives and verbs. The grammatical constructions associated with temperature evaluation vary according to the word-class status of each temperature term and its contexts of use. The distribution of the different grammatical constructions according to different types of temperature evaluation is discussed in the paper. Metaphorical uses of temperature-related terms are also discussed in the context of neighbouring and highly related languages. Finally, special patterns of temperature evaluation in connection with water are surveyed.

  • 47.
    Agdahl, Anders
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Krigets kugghjul.: En undersökning av den svenska militära resursstrategins mål, medel och resultat under perioden 1776-1810.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The Gears of War

    The study of states, their expansion and interaction has always been an important part of political history and often involves military as well as economic perspectives. Relations between economic capital and means of coercion is according to Charles Tilly an integral part of the state and the security policies of early modern states included a high degree of resource mobilisation, preparation for and making of war. How were these problems meant to be solved and what really happened? These historical problems are brought together in this thesis to examine the Swedish government's intentions in the form of military and resource strategic objectives, how these were implemented in the form of rules and regulations and how this was followed by the armed forces in reality. By analysing strategical and operational plans, regulatory documents and muster-rolls with the help of Tillys statemaking theories as well as Lars Wedins strategical analysis model, the thesis sets out to define the swedish states' foreign  policy, military doctrine and strategy, compare regulations with reality and evaluate the ties between theory and practice.The study shows that geopolitical factors created demands for a new general military strategy that was based on warfare with higher mobility in the border provinces of the swedish realm. The security policy seems to have been an expression of the unity of the swedish state, however, the conflict between aristocratic and royal interests shows an interesting dynamic within the political system that is characteristic for the period. The resource strategy that supported the developing doctrine of mobile warfare in Sweden was based on a well equipped fleet, a smaller and more manageble baggage train for the infantry and a military storage system that together would enable faster responses, better transport and supply capability and a more agile defence that differed from the previous fortification doctine. The strategy for procuring and maintaining of outfitting and equipment of the infantry was decentralised during the early 1800's and the civil society became more involved in the resource mobilisation. This constituted a nationalisation of resource strategical means that aimed to alleviate the natural economic limitations in Sweden.The muster-rolls of Västerbottens' infantry regiment shows that the regulations were implemented in reality but that a deficient transport capability caused by disrupted supply lines and slow aquisition of new equipment led to a sometimes severe shortage of equipment and uniforms. Apart from the deficiencies there were substantial changes to more practical equipment in line with the mobile military doctrine and security policy of Sweden. In conclusion, a clear connection between political goals, regulatory documents and implemented changes are seen and an organic relationship between intention, regulation and reality. Further investigation of these historical problems, with ample source material and useful theoretic models in a swedish context, is encouraged. 

  • 48.
    Age, Rickard
    Kungl. Musikhögskolan, Institutionen för komposition, dirigering och musikteori.
    Musik & miljöer: filmmusikens scenografi(ska funktioner)2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetet undersöker en av flera dramaturgiska funktioner inom filmmusik och musikdramatik – den scenografiska. Genom analyser av andra kompositörers verk och sina egna söker upphovsmannen svar på vad som är berättande scenografiskt i ett musikdramatiskt verk, och om skillnader och gränsdragningar gentemot andra dramaturgiska funktioner.

  • 49.
    Agestam, Oscar
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande.
    Humanity's Place in Utopia is Nowhere2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Utopia, the perfect society, is a concept linked with the perfect human being. These concepts are the focus of Arthur C. Clarke's The City and the Stars, and this essay will examine how the text challenges ideas of humanity and utopia. The two utopias are presented in The City and the Stars, with one branch of genetically engineered humans on Earth in each utopia. Their differences in approaches to challenges sets them apart. While examining the text literary and philosophical concepts of utopia and humanity will be used to better understand the text. The text shows us the significance of facing challenges. Moreover, that utopia, while desirable, is not for humankind as humanity's potential will not be reached when it resides in a utopia.  Humanity is defined by complex emotions that are hard to allow to exist in utopias.  

  • 50.
    Aggeborn, Lotta
    Kungl. Musikhögskolan, Institutionen för musik, pedagogik och samhälle.
    Att föra och att följa: musikers syn på sina pedagogiska och konstnärliga funktioner i dansundervisning2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta examensarbete är att undersöka musikers syn på sina pedagogiska och konstnärliga funktioner i dansundervisning. Genom kvalitativa intervjuer ämnar arbetet ge svar på vilka arbetsuppgifter musiker och ackompanjatörer vid dansskolor har, vad deras arbetsbeskrivning innehåller och om arbetsuppgifterna kan skilja sig åt, skolor eller skolformer emellan. Vidare undersöks musikernas syn på sina egna pedagogiska och konstnärliga funktioner i dansundervisning, och deras samarbete med övriga musiker och danslärare.

    Arbetet avgränsas till att handla om musiker som arbetar med modern och nutida dansundervisning, och examensarbetet innehåller även bland annat en kort historisk bakgrund och inblick i olika definitioner av modern och nutida dans, samt olika definitioner av uttrycket improvisation.

    De slutsatser som dras i arbetet vittnar om komplexiteten inom professionen. Som musiker till modern och nutida dans ställs förutom höga krav på din spelteknik och konstnärliga förmåga, stora krav på en ordlös pedagogisk och metodisk lyhördhet gentemot danslärare och danselever eller -studenter.

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