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  • 1.
    Ahlforn, K. Crosta
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Ctr Social Sustainabil, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin. Karolinska Inst, Ctr Social Sustainabil, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Osika, W.
    Karolinska Inst, Ctr Social Sustainabil, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stress Clin Fdn, Stockholm, Sweden..
    A Swedish version of the Consultation and Relational Empathy (CARE) measure2017Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, ISSN 0281-3432, E-ISSN 1502-7724, Vol. 35, nr 3, s. 286-292Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: A validated measure to gather patient feedback on physicians' empathy is not available in Swedish. The objective for this study was to examine the psychometric characteristics of a Swedish version of the Consultation and Relational Empathy (CARE) measure (widely used in English). Design, setting and patients: The CARE measure was translated into Swedish and tested on 554 unselected patients visiting physicians in two primary care clinics in northwestern Stockholm, Sweden. Main outcome measures: Adequate translation, as well as reliability and validity of the Swedish CARE measure. Results: The Swedish CARE measure seemed to demonstrate high acceptability and face validity when consulting a physician. The mean CARE score 41.5 (SD 8.9) over all 10 item was not significantly influenced by seasonality, age or gender. Scores were somewhat negatively distributed, but corrected item-total correlations were high (0.86-0.91) suggesting homogeneity. Internal reliability was very high (Cronbach's alpha 0.975). Factor analysis implied a one-dimensional structure with factor loadings between 0.89 and 0.93. Conclusions: The Swedish CARE measure appears to be psychometrically valid and reliable enough in physicians.

  • 2.
    Anderberg, Ulla Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Socialmedicin.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Socialmedicin.
    Fibromyalgi: på grund av stress?2007Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3. Appelgren, Alva
    et al.
    Osika, Walter
    Theorell, Töres
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stressforskningsinstitutet. Royal College of Music, Sweden.
    Madison, Guy
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Tuning in on motivation: Differences between non-musicians, amateurs, and professional musicians2019Ingår i: Psychology of Music, ISSN 0305-7356, E-ISSN 1741-3087Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The drive to learn and engage in music varies among individuals. Global motivation to do something can be intrinsic, for example, the joy and satisfaction in an activity. But motivation behind our action can also be extrinsic, such as the desire for fame, status or increased financial resources. The type of motivation probably influences to what degree individuals engage in musical activities. In this study, we examined the associations between the level of musical engagement and self-rated global motivation, factoring in age and sex, in a sample of 5,435 individuals. Musical engagement ranged from no music activity to amateurs and professional musicians. We found that intrinsic motivation increases with level of music activity and that motivation differs depending on sex, with females scoring higher on intrinsic motivation than males. Such differences may be considered in adjusting the forms of support offered to young musicians in music education. The phenomenon of motivation is complex, and we have highlighted areas that require further investigation, but this study has elucidated some differences in motivation types found in men and women, and between non-musicians, amateurs and professional musicians.

  • 4.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin.
    Artistic Therapies and Psychosomatics2012Ingår i: Psykosomatik i teori och praktik, Studentlitteratur AB, 2012Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 5.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Dance/Movement Therapy in Fibromyalgia Patients: Aspects and Consequences of Verbal, Visual and Hormonal Analyses2004Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis presents hormonal, emotional, physical and visual status changes in female fibromyalgia (FMS) patients after treatment with the Creative Art therapy; dance/movement therapy, compared to controls. FMS is a syndrome of chronic pain involving musculoskeletal aches, stiffness and pain where perturbations in the stress-axis and high scores on somatic anxiety and muscular tension also have been found. The study comprises thirty-six female FMS patients divided in treatment- and control group. Serum concentrations of the hormones prolactin, dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEA-S), cortisol and neuropeptide Y (NPY) in plasma and cortisol in saliva were analysed. Different verbal self-rating scales concerning well-being, pain, personality and life events among other things have been used. Assessments of the condition of the FMS patients affected by video-viewing were evaluated together with interviews about the self-perception phenomenon of video viewing (a phenomenological hermeneutic method).

    The results of the study show that six months of dance/movement therapy appears sufficient to improve both psychological and physical function, as indicated by the visual analyses. The video interpretation technique (VIT) and self-figure drawings captured treatment effects that were not evident from verbal scales or reflected in hormone levels. The biological markers probably need a longer treatment period to activate the HPA axis and its inter-related hormones and peptides.

    The use of different assessment techniques most likely has affected the treatment outcome. Difficulties perceiving information through verbal/cognitive modalities as well as alexithymia are factors discussed. The VIT may be useful for early identification of maladaptive movement patterns and as a mirror of facial and bodily expressions of emotions. In conclusion, this study indicates that both the dance/movement therapy and the VIT have had great influence on the FMS patient’s well-being, self-perception and perception of pain.

  • 6.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin.
    Dans som terapi och empatiträning2014Ingår i: Kulturhälsoboxen: Del 2 - Dansboken / [ed] Bojner Horwitz, Eva, Gothia Fortbildning AB , 2014Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 7.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Socialmedicin.
    Dansa dig till normalstress2005Ingår i: Sjukgymnasten, ISSN 0037-6019, Vol. 5, s. 40-42Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 8.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin.
    Ett samtal om teater och smärtlindring: Marie Göranzon intervjuas2014Ingår i: Kulturhälsoboxen: Del 3 - Teaterboken / [ed] Bojner Horwitz, Eva, Gothia Fortbildning , 2014Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 9.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Socialmedicin.
    Evaluating DMT in fibromyalgia patients2006Ingår i: Advances in dance/movement therapy: theoretical perspectives and empirical findings / [ed] Sabine C. Koch & Iris Bräuninger, Berlin: Logos Verlag Berlin, 2006, s. 73-87Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 10.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin.
    Humanizing the working environment in health care through mucic and movement - The importance of embodied leadership2018Ingår i: Music and Public health - A nordic perspective / [ed] Bonde, Lars Ole; Theorell, Töres, Springer London, 2018Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 11.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Socialmedicin.
    I dansens rörelser försvinner den kroniska smärtan2004Ingår i: Populär psykologi och medicin, Vol. 1, s. 56-59Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 12.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Socialmedicin.
    Konstnärliga terapiformers betydelse: hälsa och stress2003Ingår i: PG Magazine, Vol. 1, s. 24-25Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 13.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin.
    Kroppsbild som skattningsinstrument2014Ingår i: Kulturhälsoboxen: Del 4 - Film- och bildboken / [ed] Bojner Horwitz, Eva, Gothia Fortbildning AB , 2014Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 14.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Socialmedicin.
    Kultur för hälsans skull2011Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 15.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin.
    Kulturaktiviteter i ett historiskt perspektiv2014Ingår i: Kulturhälsoboxen: Del 1 - Kulturpaletten / [ed] Bojner Horwitz, Eva, Gothia Fortbildning AB , 2014Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 16.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin.
    Kulturhälsoboxen: 6 böcker om kulturens plats i vården och egenvården2014Proceedings (redaktörskap) (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 17.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Socialmedicin.
    Musik har terapeutisk effekt2006Ingår i: Fysioterapi, ISSN 0037-6019, Vol. 8, s. 28-31Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 18.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin.
    Promoting inter-generational meetings between young people and senior citizens - using internet based music videos2017Ingår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 27Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 19.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin.
    Social Sustainable Development - focus on Cultural Health: empati, kultur och spegelneuron2013Ingår i: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 20.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Socialmedicin.
    Videotolkning: en ny metod som hjälper dig att verbalisera ditt kroppspråk2002Ingår i: PQ Magazine, Vol. 4, s. 20-23Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 21.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin.
    Whole person healthcare: Volume 3, The arts and health, edited by Ilene A. Serlin2013Ingår i: Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy: An International Journal for Theory, Research and Practice, ISSN 1743-2979, E-ISSN 1743-2987, Vol. 8, nr 3, s. 201-206Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 22.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Socialmedicin.
    Bojner, Gunilla
    Må bättre med musik2005Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 23.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin. Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Ctr Social Sustainabil, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Grape Viding, Christina
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin.
    Rydwik, Elisabeth
    Karolinska Inst, Div Physiotherapy, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Solna, Sweden.;Stockholm Cty Council, Acad Primary Care Ctr, CEFAM, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Huss, Ephrat
    Ben Gurion Univ Negev, Charlotte B & Jack J Spitzer Dept Social Work, Beer Sheva, Israel..
    Arts as an ecological method to enhance quality of work experience of healthcare staff: a phenomenological-hermeneutic study2017Ingår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 12, nr 1, artikel-id 1333898Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the impact of self-chosen arts-based recreational activities, as opposed to the traditional arts therapy activities, on the well-being of healthcare providers. Three qualitative case studies of programs in which arts-based activities were used to work with healthcare providers, lasting for 10 weeks each, are phenomenological-hermeneutically evaluated using interviews and focus groups. The findings show what we refer to as an "ecological" ripple of effects: (1) the arts-based activities helped to reduce individual stress and to enhance mood over time, (2) the activities helped to transform workplace relationships within wards, and (3) the arts humanized the overall work climate in the healthcare setting. These effects go beyond those of using the art production as a strategy for stress reduction and imply potential for a more encompassing role for the arts within healthcare.

  • 24.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin.
    Hogstedt, CWistén, PTheorell, Töres
    Kultur och hälsa i folkhälsoperspektiv2015Proceedings (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 25. Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    et al.
    Hogstedt, Christer
    Wistén, Pelle
    Theorell, Töres
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stressforskningsinstitutet.
    Kulturen – en viktig insats för hållbar folkhälsa: seminarier, antologi och underlag för fortsatta insatser2015Ingår i: Kultur & folkhälsa: antologi om forskning och praktik / [ed] Eva Bojner Horwitz, Christer Hogstedt, Pelle Wistén och Töres Theorell, Stockholm: Tolvnitton förlag , 2015, s. 9-11Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 26. Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    et al.
    Hogstedt, Christer
    Wistén, Pelle
    Theorell, Töres
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stressforskningsinstitutet.
    Varför har inte fler studier publicerats? Reflektioner om seminarieserien om kultur och folkhälsa2015Ingår i: Kultur & folkhälsa: antologi om forskning och praktik / [ed] Eva Bojner Horwitz, Christer Hogstedt, Pelle Wistén, Töres Theorell, Stockholm: Tolvnitton förlag , 2015, s. 239-246Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 27.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Socialmedicin.
    Kowalski, Jan
    Anderberg, Ulla Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Socialmedicin.
    Theater for, by and with fibromyalgia patients: evaluation of emotional expression using video interpretation2010Ingår i: The arts in psychotherapy, ISSN 0197-4556, E-ISSN 1873-5878, Vol. 37, nr 1, s. 13-19Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The healing function of theatre is reflected in all human cultures. Today, therapists and scientists work with psychodrama and drama therapy, often describing theatre as the art form closest to life itself.

    In a unique cooperation between professional actors and a dance movement therapist/pain researcher, patients with fibromyalgia have first been trained in body- and voice expression and thereafter acted out a drama onstage together with professional actors. A video interpretation technique was used to help patients interpret their own emotional expressions towards other actors and evaluate their perceived pain and self-rated health.

    The results of this experimental study show that the variation of emotional expression from video interpretation is dependent upon whether or not the patient acts with an actor. The intensity of emotional expression increases significantly when acting together with a professional actor. The results also show an increase in self-rated health and a decrease in pain after three months of using this theatre-based technique. A correlation between strong emotional expression and decreased pain was also observed. However, when patients did not actively participate in a theatre play, their self-estimated pain was not significantly decreased.

    In this study, the cross-fertilization of culture/expressive arts and health care is presented as a new resource for pain treatment. In particular there may be a link between intense emotional expressions when acting with professional actors and decreased perceptions of pain. The paper also discusses the potential therapeutic value of working with professional actors in the treatment of other pain patients. Hopefully, this “healing theatre” can contribute to developing collaboration between actors and creative art therapists and stimulate controlled studies of evidence-based science.

  • 28.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Socialmedicin.
    Kowalski, Jan
    Theorell, Töres
    Anderberg, Ulla Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Dance/movement therapy in fibromyalgia patients: Changes in self-figure drawings and their relation to verbal self-rating scales2006Ingår i: The arts in psychotherapy, ISSN 0197-4556, E-ISSN 1873-5878, Vol. 33, nr 1, s. 11-25Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study evaluates if verbally oriented scales are as effective as the visual instruments of self-figure drawing and video interpretation in detecting treatment responses after 6 months of dance/movement therapy in fibromyalgia patients.

    The self-figure drawing and video interpretation technique captured treatment effects that were not seen on verbal scales. In the self-figure drawings, significant differences were seen in the variables “amount of body details” and “amount of paper use in percent” between the treatment group and controls after dance/movement therapy. The treatment group showed a significant increase in the “amount of body details” and “amount of paper use in percent” compared to controls. Specific parts of the verbally oriented ratings in CPRS, “bodily discomfort” and “compulsive act,” were positively correlated to “number of different colours.” The variable “pain and ache” in the CPRS indicated a negative correlation to the “amount of paper use in percent,” i.e. the more pain, the less paper used.

    The use of different assessment techniques may affect the treatment outcome and verbal instrumentation may not be the most appropriate in this patient group. Difficulties perceiving information through verbal/cognitive modalities as well as alexithymia are factors that are discussed.

  • 29.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin.
    Lennartsson, Anna-Karin
    Theorell, Töres P. G.
    Ullen, Fredrik
    Engagement in dance is associated with emotional competence in interplay with others2015Ingår i: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 6, artikel-id 1096Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study has explored the relation between dance achievement and alexithymia in a larger Swedish population sample (Swedish Twin Registry) with a study sample of 5431 individuals. Dance achievement (CAQ) was assessed in relation to Alexithymia (Toronto Alexithymia Scale, TAS-20) including the three subscales: Difficulty Identifying Feelings (DIF), Difficulty Describing Feelings (DDF), and Externally Oriented Thinking (EOT). The results show a significant negative association between the TAS subscale (EOT) and creative achievement in dance. A high EOT score corresponds to poor ability to communicate feelings to the environment. There was no consistent association between the other factors DIF and DDF and dance achievement. Dance activity and training seem to be involved in the body's emotional interplay with others. Embodied cognition, emotional perception, and action are discussed as factors relevant to measuring the skill of a dancer.

  • 30. Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    et al.
    Lennartsson, Anna-Karin
    Theorell, Töres
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stressforskningsinstitutet.
    Ullén, Fredrik
    Engagement in dance is associated with emotional competence in interplay with others2015Ingår i: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 6, artikel-id 1096Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study has explored the relation between dance achievement and alexithymia in a larger Swedish population sample (Swedish Twin Registry) with a study sample of 5431 individuals. Dance achievement (CAQ) was assessed in relation to Alexithymia (Toronto Alexithymia Scale, TAS-20) including the three subscales: Difficulty Identifying Feelings (DIF), Difficulty Describing Feelings (DDF), and Externally Oriented Thinking (EOT). The results show a significant negative association between the TAS subscale (EOT) and creative achievement in dance. A high EOT score corresponds to poor ability to communicate feelings to the environment. There was no consistent association between the other factors DIF and DDF and dance achievement. Dance activity and training seem to be involved in the body's emotional interplay with others. Embodied cognition, emotional perception, and action are discussed as factors relevant to measuring the skill of a dancer.

  • 31. Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    et al.
    Osika, Walter
    Theorell, Töres
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stressforskningsinstitutet.
    Hållbarhetstestning och implementering av kulturaktiviteter – forskarsamhällets roll2015Ingår i: Kultur & folkhälsa: antologi om forskning och praktik / [ed] Eva Bojner Horwitz, Christer Hogstedt, Pelle Wistén, Töres Theorell, Stockholm: Tolvnitton förlag , 2015, s. 107-114Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 32.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin.
    Osika, Walter
    Karolinska institutet.
    Theorell, Töres
    Karolinska institutet.
    Hållbarhetstestning och implementering av kulturhälsoaktiviteter: forskarsamhällets roll2015Ingår i: Kultur och hälsa i folkhälsoperspektiv / [ed] Bojner Horwitz E, Hogstedt C, Wistén P, Theorell T, Tolvnitton Förlag , 2015Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 33.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin.
    Stenfors, C
    Osika, W
    Managing writers block: movement as contemplative inquiry2013Ingår i: International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, ISSN 1321-0122, E-ISSN 1942-3241, Vol. 32, nr 1, s. 16-26Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 34.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap. Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Norra Stationsgatan 69,V 7, S-11364 Stockholm, Sweden;Karolinska Inst, Inst Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Ctr Social Sustainabil, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Stenfors, Cecilia
    Univ Chicago, Dept Psychol, Chicago, IL 60637 USA;Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Osika, Walter
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Norra Stationsgatan 69,V 7, S-11364 Stockholm, Sweden;Karolinska Inst, Inst Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Ctr Social Sustainabil, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Writer's Block Revisited Micro-Phenomenological Case Study on the Blocking Influence of an Internalized Voice2018Ingår i: Journal of consciousness studies, ISSN 1355-8250, E-ISSN 2051-2201, Vol. 25, nr 3-4, s. 9-28Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Writer's block, a common form of procrastination, can have a serious negative impact on an individual's academic performance. In this case study, a student with writer's block was interviewed and asked to perform body movements that represented the process of writing a master's thesis. A micro-phenomenological method was used to investigate the student's experience of writer's block and the role of an inner voice. The analysis unveiled the process by which the inner voice impeded the student, i.e. how the student perceived a set of mental images, movements, and sensations in relation to the 'inner voice'. The findings suggest that non-verbal modes of learning - through movement - may be applied productively to overcome writer's block and other forms of procrastination in broader areas such as research writing. Moreover, the micro-phenomenological method, together with the interpretation of video recordings, can reveal valuable information regarding this learning process in higher education.

  • 35.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Theorell, Töres
    Anderberg, Ulla Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Dance/movement therapy and changes in stress-related hormones: a study of fibromyalgia patients with video-interpretation2003Ingår i: The arts in psychotherapy, ISSN 0197-4556, E-ISSN 1873-5878, Vol. 30, nr 5, s. 255-264Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 36.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin.
    Theorell, Töres
    Anderberg, Ulla Maria
    Fibromyalgia patients own experiences of video self-interpretation: a phenomenological hermeneutic study2003Ingår i: Scand J of Caring Sciences, nr 17, s. 257-264Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 37.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin.
    Theorell, Töres
    Anderberg, Ulla Maria
    New technique for assessment of self-perception in fibromyalgia patients: a pilot study with video interpretation2004Ingår i: The Arts in Psychotherapy, nr 31, s. 153-164Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 38.
    Bojner-Horwitz, Eva
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap. Psykiatri, UAS.
    Theorell, Töres
    Anderberg, Ulla Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap. Psykiatri, UAS.
    Fibromyalgia patients´own experiences of vidoe self-interpretation: a phenomenological-hermeneutic study2003Ingår i: Scand J Caring Sci, Vol. 17, s. 257-264Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 39.
    Grape Viding, Christina
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin.
    Den sjungande kroppen2014Ingår i: Kulturhälsoboxen: Del 6 - Musikboken / [ed] Bojner Horwitz, Eva, Gothia Fortbildning , 2014Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 40.
    Grape Viding, Christina
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin.
    Osika, Walter
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin.
    "You Can´t Feel Healthier than Your Caregiver": The Ripple Effect of Trust and Empathy for Patients and Health Care Staff, Cultivated through Cultural Activities2017Ingår i: Journal of Nursing & Care, ISSN 2167-1168, Vol. 6, nr 5, artikel-id 1000422Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Stress-related problems, including burnout, cause personal suffering, disability and result in costly sick leave. The use of different cultural activities within a health care system may help to prevent burnout, but very few studies have focused on what happens after such activities.

    Methods: Interventions with different cultural activities were conducted for burn out patients in four primary health care settings during three months. Focus group interviews were conducted with patients, cultural producers and health care nurses. The aim was to provide a description of the participant’s experiences after the activities.

    Results: The cultural activities were found to affect both participants' emotions and behaviour and created a sense of belonging and equality among them. Positive 'spill-over' effects were also seen on nurses of health care management.

    Conclusion: We find that the cultural activities help to create a trustful and empathic health care environment where the wellbeing of staff and that of patients have an impact on each other. We suggest the incorporation of arts into health care as a possible contributor to the development of a sustainable health care system.

  • 41.
    Grape Viding, Christina
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin.
    Osika, Walter
    Theorell, Töres
    Kowalski, J
    Hallqvist, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin.
    The Culture palette: a randomized intervention study for women with burnout symptoms in Sweden2015Ingår i: British Journal of Medical Practitioners, ISSN 1757-8515, Vol. 8, nr 2, artikel-id a813Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Burnout is common among women in Sweden. Cultural activities, i.e. arts, have benefitted different patient populations and may have potential for treating this group as well. Aim: To evaluate possible health effects of regular cultural activities for women with burnout symptoms with focus on exhaustion level. Methods: 48 women (mean age 54) were randomly assigned either to a cultural activity group (intervention group) or to a control group. Four health care centers were the settings for a “Culture Palette” comprised of six different cultural activity packages: interactive theater, movie, vocal improvisation and drawing, dance, mindfulness training and musical show. The activity packages were offered once a week over a period of three months. Standardized questionnaires; the Karolinska Exhaustion Disorder Scale ( KEDS), Sense of Coherence (SOC), Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS) and Self-rated health were used at baseline, in month three and at follow-up in month six. Qualitative interviews with patients, cultural producers and health care staff were conducted at month three and month six. Results: Burnout symptoms/exhaustion (P< .001) and alexithymia (P=0.007) as well as self-rated health (P<0.001) improved more in the intervention group than in the control group with clinically relevant effect variances. There was no statistical evidence of any difference in the development of SOC between the intervention and the control group. The healthcare staff were also positively affected although they did not participate in the cultural activities. Conclusion: Regular cultural activities affected this group of women beneficially with enhanced health and decreased levels of exhaustion.

  • 42. Grape Viding, Christina
    et al.
    Osika, Walter
    Theorell, Töres
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stressforskningsinstitutet.
    Kowalski, Jan
    Hallqvist, Johan
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    "The culture palette" – a randomized intervention study for women with burnout symptoms in Sweden2015Ingår i: British Journal of Medical Practitioners, ISSN 1757-8515, Vol. 8, nr 2, artikel-id a813Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Burnout is common among women in Sweden. Cultural activities, i.e. arts, have benefitted different patient populations and may have potential for treating this group as well. Aim: To evaluate possible health effects of regular cultural activities for women with burnout symptoms with focus on exhaustion level.Methods: 48 women (mean age 54) were randomly assigned either to a cultural activity group (intervention group) or to a control group. Four health care centers were the settings for a “Culture Palette” comprised of six different cultural activity packages: interactive theater, movie, vocal improvisation and drawing, dance, mindfulness training and musical show. The activity packages were offered once a week over a period of three months. Standardized questionnaires; the Karolinska Exhaustion Disorder Scale ( KEDS), Sense of Coherence (SOC), Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS)  and Self-rated health  were used at baseline, in month three and at follow-up in month six. Qualitative interviews with patients, cultural producers and health care staff were conducted at month three and month six.Results: Burnout symptoms/exhaustion (P< .001) and alexithymia (P=0.007) as well as self-rated health (P<0.001) improved more in the intervention group than in the control group with clinically relevant effect variances. There was no statistical evidence of any difference in the development of SOC between the intervention and the control group. The healthcare staff were also positively affected although they did not participate in the cultural activities. Conclusion: Regular cultural activities affected this group of women beneficially with enhanced health and decreased levels of exhaustion.

  • 43.
    Horwitz, Eva Bojner
    University College of Dance, Stockholm.
    Music in Dance/movement therapy2002Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 44. Lennartsson, A-K
    et al.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin.
    Theorell, Töres
    Ullén, F
    Creative artistic achievement (in writing, music, dance, theatre and visual arts) is associated with emotional competence2015Ingår i: Journal of Psychosomatic Research, ISSN 0022-3999, E-ISSN 1879-1360Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 45.
    Lennartsson, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Ctr Psychiat Res, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap. Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Theorell, Tores
    Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Stress Res Inst, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ullén, Fredrik
    Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Creative Artistic Achievement Is Related to Lower Levels of Alexithymia2017Ingår i: Creativity Research Journal, ISSN 1040-0419, E-ISSN 1532-6934, Vol. 29, nr 1, s. 29-36Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Alexithymia is characterized by deficits in the ability to identify, differentiate, and describe emotionsabilities that are of importance for social interactions, well-being, and, consequently, also for health. The aim of this study was to investigate whether achievements in cultural activities are associated with alexithymia. Participants from the Swedish Twin Registry were 2,279 men and 3,152 women in the ages 27 to 54. Cultural achievement was measured with the Creative Achievement Questionnaire (CAQ) in which participants estimate their achievement in the domains writing, music, visual arts, theater, and dance on a 7-point scale. Alexithymia was measured with the Toronto Alexithymia Score (TAS 20). In sex separated, age, and education-adjusted multivariate analyses, nonpractitioners, amateurs, and professionals in the 5 different CAQ domains were compared with regard to alexithymia scores. For both men and women, achievement in writing and music contributed statistically and independently of one another to a low alexithymia score. In addition, achievement in visual arts contributed independently to low alexithymia score in men and achievement in theatre to low alexithymia score in women. Total creative achievement was calculated as a sum score across domains, and the distribution divided into tertile groups. These groups were compared with regard to alexithymia scores. Large tertile differences were found in both sexes. The results show differences between modalities and cumulative effects of multiple creative achievements.

  • 46. Lennartsson, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Theorell, Töres
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stressforskningsinstitutet. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Ullén, Fredrik
    Creative Artistic Achievement Is Related to Lower Levels of Alexithymia2017Ingår i: Creativity Research Journal, ISSN 1040-0419, E-ISSN 1532-6934, Vol. 29, nr 1, s. 29-36Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Alexithymia is characterized by deficits in the ability to identify, differentiate, and describe emotionsabilities that are of importance for social interactions, well-being, and, consequently, also for health. The aim of this study was to investigate whether achievements in cultural activities are associated with alexithymia. Participants from the Swedish Twin Registry were 2,279 men and 3,152 women in the ages 27 to 54. Cultural achievement was measured with the Creative Achievement Questionnaire (CAQ) in which participants estimate their achievement in the domains writing, music, visual arts, theater, and dance on a 7-point scale. Alexithymia was measured with the Toronto Alexithymia Score (TAS 20). In sex separated, age, and education-adjusted multivariate analyses, nonpractitioners, amateurs, and professionals in the 5 different CAQ domains were compared with regard to alexithymia scores. For both men and women, achievement in writing and music contributed statistically and independently of one another to a low alexithymia score. In addition, achievement in visual arts contributed independently to low alexithymia score in men and achievement in theatre to low alexithymia score in women. Total creative achievement was calculated as a sum score across domains, and the distribution divided into tertile groups. These groups were compared with regard to alexithymia scores. Large tertile differences were found in both sexes. The results show differences between modalities and cumulative effects of multiple creative achievements.

  • 47. Rosén, Anna
    Dansimprovisation – ett sätt att tydliggöra sig själv2014Ingår i: Kulturhälsoboxen / [ed] Eva Bojner Horwitz, Stockholm: Gothia Förlag AB, 2014, s. 21-31Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Från Kulturhälsoboxens webbplats:

    Under 2012 och 2013 har det unika projektet Kulturpalett på vårdcentraler ägt rum på fyra vårdcentraler i Stockholms län. Dans, musik, film, teater, bild och stillhetsövningar har paketerats i separata paket och presenterats för utmattade kvinnor. Kulturproducenter har erbjudit kulturaktiviteterna i vårdcentralernas konferensrum under 12 veckor, en gång per vecka.

    Det är viktigt att sprida kunskap från projektet Kulturpalett på vårdcentraler till så många som möjligt. Därför har vi sammanfattat all forskning kopplat till projektet i en KULTURHÄLSOBOX, som delas ut till alla vård- och hälsocentraler i Sverige.  Boxen består av av en samlad bokserie bestående av sex olika skrifter som vardera representerar de olika kulturhälsoområdena dans, musik, bild, teater, film och stillhet skrivna av spjutspetsforskare, författare och kulturproducenter.

  • 48.
    Rosén, Anna
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
    Ta av dig masken!: Om introspektion på teaterns scener och idrottens arenor2014Ingår i: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224, Vol. 10 oktoberArtikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Från Idrottsforum.org:

    Kroppen står i centrum för verksamheten här på idrottsforum.org. Inte dess inre organ, inte skador på skelett och mjukdelar; det hör medicinen till. Forumet är främst social- och kulturvetenskapligt till sin inriktning, och tveklöst är det så att i första hand idrotten står i centrum för uppmärksamheten. Inom ramen för den specialiseringen vilar forumet, kan man säga, på två ben, dels idrottsläran som handlar om utbildningen av lärare till skolämnet idrott och hälsa och den omfattande pedagogiska eller utbildningsvetenskapliga forskningen i det området,. Det andra benet kan enklast beskrivas som idrottsvetenskaplig forskning, utanför idrottslärans område vilket är den övervägande delen av idrottsforskningen utanför medicinen och fysiologin – den senare förekommer dock då och då i forumets recensionsflöde. Här finns en myckenhet av tävlings- och elitidrott, inte minst kritik av densamma, men också forskning om idrottshistoria, idrottens rum och arenor, med mera. Häri ryms också till exempel motionsidrott, friluftsliv och dans. Där kroppar rör sig, där håller idrottsforum.org ett vakande öga på utvecklingen. I artikeln här intill möts ett par olika aspekter av det som intresserar forumet. Anna Rosén, som är dansterapeut och utbildar idrottslärare på Gymnastik- och idrottshögskola GIH i Stockholm, skriver om ett projekt hon bedrivit på dåvarande Teaterhögskolan i Stockholms. Hon studerade olika modeller för kroppslig gestaltning, och i sin artikel diskuterar hon på ett intressant sätt hur man kan tillgodogöra sig modeller och tekniker inom ett område, teaterns scener, på ett annat, idrottens arenor.

    ANNA ROSÉN är rytmiklärare och dansterapeut, utbildad vid Kungl. Musikhögskolan (KMH) och Dans- och Cirkushögskolan (DOCH). Anna arbetar för närvarande som högskoleadjunkt vid Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan (GIH), inom sektionen för rörelse och dans. Hon har tidigare varit dansproducent i forskningsprojektet ”Kulturpaletten” under ledning av Eva Bojner Horwitz, MD, och varit medförfattare i ”Kulturhälsoboxen” – om kulturens plats i vården och egenvården (2014). Senast har Anna medverkat i Utbildningsradion TV-serie ”Idrottslärarens drömmar och dilemman” (2014).

  • 49.
    Rådmark, Lina
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Ctr Social Sustainabil, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Stress Res Inst, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Hanson, Linda L. Magnusson
    Stockholm Univ, Stress Res Inst, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin. Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Ctr Social Sustainabil, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Osika, Walter
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Ctr Social Sustainabil, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stress Clin, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Prevalence of mind and body exercises (MBE) in relation to demographics, self-rated health, and purchases of prescribed psychotropic drugs and analgesics2017Ingår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 12, nr 9, artikel-id e0184635Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to identify any differences regarding gender, age, socioeconomic status (SES), self-rated health, perceived stress and the purchase of prescribed drugs among people who practice mind and body exercises (MBE) extensively compared to people who do not. Methods: The study includes 3,913 men and 4,803 women aged 20-72 who participated in the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH). The respondents were divided into three groups depending on frequency of MBE practice (never/seldom/often). Measures regarding MBE practice, health behaviors, self-rated health, and illnesses were drawn from the SLOSH questionnaire, while more objective measures of socioeconomic status and education were derived from registry data. In addition, data on purchases of prescription drugs for all respondents were included in the study. These data were obtained from the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register, which contains information about prescription drugs dispensed at Swedish pharmacies. Separate analyses were performed for mental MBE (mindfulness, meditation, relaxation techniques) and physical MBE (yoga, Tai Chi, Qi Gong), respectively. Results: A high intensity MBE practice is cross-sectionally related to poor self-assessed health (sleeping problems, pain, depressive symptoms, mental disorders), high levels of stress, and high levels of purchases of psychotropic drugs and analgesics. These cross-sectional relationships are generally stronger for mental MBE than for bodily-directed MBE. More women than men are practicing MBE on a regular basis, and physically active people participate to a greater extent in MBE compared with the physically inactive. Conclusion: Overall, the study shows that frequent participation in mind and body exercises is associated with high levels of purchases of psychotropic drugs and analgesics as well as with poor self-assessed health and high levels of stress. However, since this is a cross-sectional study, it is impossible to establish cause and effect, and to further investigate the associations found; longitudinal studies that can account for temporality between covariates and MBE use are needed.

  • 50.
    Rådmark, Lina
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stressforskningsinstitutet. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Magnusson Hanson, Linda L.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stressforskningsinstitutet.
    Bojner Horwitz, Eva
    Osika, Walter
    Prevalence of mind and body exercises (MBE) in relation to demographics, self-rated health, and purchases of prescribed psychotropic drugs and analgesics2017Ingår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 12, nr 9, artikel-id e0184635Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to identify any differences regarding gender, age, socioeconomic status (SES), self-rated health, perceived stress and the purchase of prescribed drugs among people who practice mind and body exercises (MBE) extensively compared to people who do not. Methods: The study includes 3,913 men and 4,803 women aged 20-72 who participated in the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH). The respondents were divided into three groups depending on frequency of MBE practice (never/seldom/often). Measures regarding MBE practice, health behaviors, self-rated health, and illnesses were drawn from the SLOSH questionnaire, while more objective measures of socioeconomic status and education were derived from registry data. In addition, data on purchases of prescription drugs for all respondents were included in the study. These data were obtained from the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register, which contains information about prescription drugs dispensed at Swedish pharmacies. Separate analyses were performed for mental MBE (mindfulness, meditation, relaxation techniques) and physical MBE (yoga, Tai Chi, Qi Gong), respectively. Results: A high intensity MBE practice is cross-sectionally related to poor self-assessed health (sleeping problems, pain, depressive symptoms, mental disorders), high levels of stress, and high levels of purchases of psychotropic drugs and analgesics. These cross-sectional relationships are generally stronger for mental MBE than for bodily-directed MBE. More women than men are practicing MBE on a regular basis, and physically active people participate to a greater extent in MBE compared with the physically inactive. Conclusion: Overall, the study shows that frequent participation in mind and body exercises is associated with high levels of purchases of psychotropic drugs and analgesics as well as with poor self-assessed health and high levels of stress. However, since this is a cross-sectional study, it is impossible to establish cause and effect, and to further investigate the associations found; longitudinal studies that can account for temporality between covariates and MBE use are needed.

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