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  • 1. Aakhus, Mark
    et al.
    Ågerfalk, Pär
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media.
    Lyytinen, Kalle
    Te’eni, Dov
    Symbolic Action Research in Information Systems: Introduction to the Special Issue2014Inngår i: Management Information Systems Quarterly, ISSN 0276-7783, Vol. 38, nr 4, 1187-1200 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This special issue introduction explores the need to study information systems as symbolic action systems, defines broadly the research domain and related assumptions, notes the origins of this perspective, articulates its key lines of study, and discusses the state of the field in light of published research. The essay also positions the three papers of the special issue in the broader Information Systems (IS) discourse and notes their specific contribution in bridging so far unconnected streams of research and expanding research methods amenable to symbolic action research. This introductory essay furthermore observes some unique challenges in pulling together the special issue that invited the editors to combat against the tendency to approach communicative processes associated with information systems as primarily psychological processes. In closing we note several lines of inquiry that can strengthen future studies of symbolic action including better design theories, more flexible and open use of methods, and attentive use of rich traditions that inform symbolic action research in IS.

  • 2.
    Abadal Mahmood Abadi, Mahboobeh
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Nasseri, Mehran
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Shirmohammadian, Davood
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Efficient Business Intelligence systems utilization: Deliberation of information quality significance on decision-making2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Business Intelligence (BI) system facilitates informed and timely decision making incompetitive business environment. However, decision making can turn out to be highlychallenging if information delivered by BI system does not meet certain level of quality.Organization can benefit from provided information if they are correct, comprehensive,current, and accessible. The organizational members who use BI application to make decisionare best informants to verify the quality of delivered information. Additionally,the implementers of BI system are the one who must be aware of delivering high qualityof information and can explain the reason of failures if any. It is critical to inquire bothimplementers and users. Therefore, the factors that can affect the quality of informationwere studied through comprehensive literature review. Low quality of information maymake customers/ suppliers’ relationship worse, shrink the efficiency of the business performance,decrease the level of trust on BI, and eventually cause to lose the competitivenessin market place. This thesis is intended at investigating fundamental dimensionsthat hinder effective utilization of information in BI system and realizing how these dimensionscan affect the quality and outcome of decisions. Study with an exploratorypurpose was designed and conducted at a chain retail stores in Iran to gather empiricaldata from both group of BI users and implementers through focus group interview. Theresult of investigation shows the main BI system utilized to facilitate customer/ supplierrelationship management and store operation management. Business areas and activitiesinfluenced by the quality of information include, inventory management, customer loyalty,competitiveness, and supplier management. The information quality issues are encounteredmainly due to technical failures, lack of competent system developers, changesin business environment, inappropriate documentation during the system developmentlifecycle, and logical error in programming and designing algorithms. The time, effort,and resources spent on exploring and resolving problems regarding to the quality of informationhad a great influence on efficiency and effectiveness. Documentation duringsystem development life cycle is emphasized as a crucial factor that necessitates furtherstudy in documentation subject. The preliminary findings signify the importance of study to consider information quality in BI practice.

  • 3. Abbas, A.
    et al.
    Faiz, A.
    Fatima, A.
    Avdic, Anders
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik. Örebro University.
    Reasons for the failure of government IT projects in Pakistan: A contemporary study2017Inngår i: 2017 International Conference on Service Systems and Service Management, IEEE conference proceedings, 2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    After the introduction of information technology (IT), the government needs to take the initiative to start IT projects for the automation of government process to the citizen. Statistics show that a high number of government IT projects fail and only 15 percent e-government projects are successful. In this study, we will answer this research question, what are the reasons for failure of IT projects in the government sector organization in Pakistan and how to overcome these issues? This research was conducted through a literature review, 20 articles from journals and conferences were selected through keywords for the period of ten years from 2003 to 2013. For suggestions, we have followed the same structured search procedure. We found and select articles with our keywords, after reading abstract and conclusion. Our study has described four factors for the failure of IT projects in government sector organizations in Pakistan. These factors are Technology, Management, Politics and Finance. The technology factor can be reduced by providing latest ICT infrastructure with an expert to run and maintain it. Management issues can be resolved by hiring an experienced, skilled and highly motivated project manager to complete a project successfully. Government should make new laws and regulations to help the implementation of these projects and bureaucracy should eliminate any power struggle during and after the implementation. The budget should be allocated before the start of the project to complete it on time. Our research study has provided guidelines to policy makers for automation of government organizations in Pakistan. By considering these suggestions, successful government projects can be achieved.

  • 4.
    Abbasi, Abdul
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Muftic, Sead
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    CryptoNET: integrated secure workstation2009Inngår i: International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, ISSN 2005-4238, Vol. 12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In most of the current applications security is usually provided individually. This means that various applications use their own security mechanisms and services, applied only to their own resources and functions. Furthermore, procedures to configure security parameters are usually inconvenient and complicated for non-technical users. As an alternative to this approach, we have designed and implemented Secure Workstation, which represents an integrated security environment and protects local IT resources, messages and operations across multiple applications. It comprises five components, i.e. four most commonly used PC applications: Secure Station Manager (equivalent to Windows Explorer), Secure E-Mail Client, Secure Documents System, and Secure Browser. These four components for their security extensions use functions and credentials of the fifth component, Generic Security Provider [5]. With this approach, we provide standard security services (authentication, confidentiality, and integrity and access control) and also additional, extended security services, such as transparent handling of certificates, use of smart cards, strong authentication protocol, SAML based single-singe-on, secure sessions, and other security functions, to all PC applications with the same set of security modules and parameters.

  • 5.
    Abdelki, Fadi
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Kakar, Hasib
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Det digitala gränssnittet i en restaurangverksamhet: En fallstudie om utmaningar och möjligheter när det digitala gränssnittet ersätter det mänskliga gränssnittet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization has increased over the past decade and changed our ways of solving problems. Studies have shown that digitalization has made a dramatic change in our lives and it's a huge challenge for government, organization, company and citizens. In about 15 years half of today's job will be disappears and will be replaced by digitalization, automatization and robotization. The purpose of the study is to describe and create an understanding of the new digital service that has been implemented in restaurant businesses, a new way of interaction between customers and company. A literature study has been made to give a fair picture of the theory and interviews with the purpose to gathering new information on how the digital restaurant works and get the knowledge of efficiency in business. Qualitative material has been analyzed and compared to theories from the literature study. The results of the study showed that there is immense difference between the employees view and company view of digital service in restaurant.

  • 6.
    Abd-Ellah, Mahmoud Khaled
    et al.
    Al-Madina Higher Institute for Engineering and Technology.
    Awad, Ali Ismail
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Khalaf, Ashraf A. M.
    Minia University, Egypt.
    Hamed, Hesham F. A.
    Minia University, Egypt.
    Classification of Brain Tumor MRIs Using a Kernel Support Vector Machine2016Inngår i: Building Sustainable Health Ecosystems: 6th International Conference on Well-Being in the Information Society, WIS 2016, Tampere, Finland, September 16-18, 2016, Proceedings / [ed] Hongxiu Li, Pirkko Nykänen, Reima Suomi, Nilmini Wickramasinghe, Gunilla Widén, Ming Zhan, Springer International Publishing , 2016, 151-160 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of medical images has been continuously increasing, which makes manual investigations of every image a difficult task. This study focuses on classifying brain magnetic resonance images (MRIs) as normal, where a brain tumor is absent, or as abnormal, where a brain tumor is present. A hybrid intelligent system for automatic brain tumor detection and MRI classification is proposed. This system assists radiologists in interpreting the MRIs, improves the brain tumor diagnostic accuracy, and directs the focus toward the abnormal images only. The proposed computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system consists of five steps: MRI preprocessing to remove the background noise, image segmentation by combining Otsu binarization and K-means clustering, feature extraction using the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) approach, and dimensionality reduction of the features by applying the principal component analysis (PCA) method. The major features were submitted to a kernel support vector machine (KSVM) for performing the MRI classification. The performance evaluation of the proposed system measured a maximum classification accuracy of 100 % using an available MRIs database. The processing time for all processes was recorded as 1.23 seconds. The obtained results have demonstrated the superiority of the proposed system.

  • 7.
    Abd-Ellah, Mahmoud Khaled
    et al.
    Electronic and Communication Department Al-Madina Higher Institute for Engineering and Technology, Giza.
    Awad, Ali Ismail
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Khalaf, Ashraf A. M.
    Faculty of Engineering, Minia University.
    Hamed, Hesham F. A.
    Faculty of Engineering, Minia University.
    Design and implementation of a computer-aided diagnosis system for brain tumor classification2017Inngår i: 2016 28th International Conference on Microelectronics (ICM), 2017, 73-76 s., 7847911Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems have become very important for the medical diagnosis of brain tumors. The systems improve the diagnostic accuracy and reduce the required time. In this paper, a two-stage CAD system has been developed for automatic detection and classification of brain tumor through magnetic resonance images (MRIs). In the first stage, the system classifies brain tumor MRI into normal and abnormal images. In the second stage, the type of tumor is classified as benign (Noncancerous) or malignant (Cancerous) from the abnormal MRIs. The proposed CAD ensembles the following computational methods: MRI image segmentation by K-means clustering, feature extraction using discrete wavelet transform (DWT), feature reduction by applying principal component analysis (PCA). The two-stage classification has been conducted using a support vector machine (SVM). Performance evaluation of the proposed CAD has achieved promising results using a non-standard MRIs database.

  • 8.
    Abeywickrama, Madawa
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Rosca, Victoria
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Public organizations flying in the cloud: A case study of cloud computing value creation in Moldova central public administration2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    As information technology (IT)  becomes an integral part of society, public sector organizations have witnessed an increasing shift in how they deliver services to citizens. One area of IT that has  contributed to this transformation in service delivery has been in the domain of cloud computing. Extant research  has focused on the  factors related to the  adoption of cloud computing within public sector organizations, however, little is known about how cloud computing creates value in public sector administration. Addressing this, we conduct a case study research on the Moldova central public administration to investigate how cloud computing enhances value in public service delivery. Accordingly, we identify seven ways cloud computing enhances value creation in public administration. Among those values, faster service delivery, transparency and accountability are values rarely highlighted in the previous academic research. Based on our results, we propose solutions that public administration should take into consideration when utilizing cloud computing as a service delivery model.

  • 9.
    Abramian, Fredrik
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media, Informationssystem.
    Wedholm, Joel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media, Informationssystem.
    BYOD och Cloud Computing: En vägledande studie för hur BYOD bör bedrivas säkert tillsammans med cloud computing2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att få en insikt i hur informationssäkerhetsarbetet påverkas av Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) i kombination med cloud computing. Författarna har kommit fram till sin slutsats genom att utföra intervjuer på två olika verksamheter samt en enkätundersökning som sedan har analyserats med aktuell teori. Utifrån detta har en kravspecifikation tagits fram som ett vägledande bidrag för organisationer.

  • 10.
    Ackrell, Simon
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Landelius, Mathias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Molnbaserade affärssystem: Viktiga aspekter vid övergång till molnet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Det saknades teori kring vilka aspekter som var viktiga för potentiella kunder att väga in i ett beslut om övergång till molnbaserade affärssystem. I undersökningen har vi samlat tidigare forskning kring molntjänster generellt och sedan jämfört den med empiri från respondenter med erfarenhet av molnbaserade affärssystem. På så sätt har vi försökt koppla tidigare forskning och undersökt huruvida den är applicerbar på vår studie. Vi kom fram till att det framförallt är aspekter rörande säkerhet, ekonomi och affärsstrategi som kunder bör vara medvetna om när de planerar en övergång till molnbaserade affärssystem. Rörande säkerhet fann vi att det är viktigt att tänka på hur den fysiska lagringen sker och säkerhetsrutiner kring vem som handhar data och hur den säkerhetskopieras samt vem som äger datan. Ekonomiskt kan beslutet om en övergång påverkas av molntjänsters olika prismodeller, hur kostnader skiljer sig mot lokalt installerade system samt potentiellt dolda kostnader. Slutligen kan det affärsstrategiskt finnas avgörande aspekter i hur system interagerar med varandra, hur anpassad en tjänst är till mobila enheter samt att molntjänster enkelt kan skalas upp i storlek vid behov.

  • 11.
    Adam, Paul
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media.
    Billing, Björn
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media.
    Vad utmärker användbarhet för expertanvändare i ett gränssnitt mot big data?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 12.
    Adebahr, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och informatik, Avd för informatik.
    Andersson, Victor
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och informatik, Avd för informatik.
    Övervakning: Var går gränsen?: En studie av lastbilschaufförer som arbetar i Bohuslän och hur de ser på IT som hjälpmedel och övervakning på jobbet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Idag implementeras övervakningstjänster allt mer i olika verksamheter, särskilt inom transportbranschen. Implementeringen av övervakningstjänster möjliggör en bättre säkerhet och effektivare arbetsgång i form av att man som företag kan se bränsleförbrukning, lastbilars position och planera rutter utifrån leveransplats. Vi ville få kunskap om hur man övervakar anställda inom andra branscher och hur de anställda reagerar på övervakningen och utförde därför en bakgrundsundersökning där vi läste olika fallstudier från bland annat hemtjänsten, försäljningsbranschen och grundskolan. Vår frågeställning blev var går gränsen för acceptabel övervakning? Vi besvarade den genom att utföra intervjuer i två omgångar med tio respektive sex chaufförer som körde för företag i Bohuslän samt via en bakgrundsundersökning. Några chaufförer hade kort arbetserfarenhet och några längre, några chaufförer arbetade för större företag och några för mindre. På så sätt kunde vi se om deras svar skiljde sig utifrån antal år i branschen och eller storlek på företag. Resultatet av intervjuerna jämfördes därefter med bakgrundsundersökningen och resultatet vi kom fram till var att lastbilschaufförer numera accepterar att de blir övervakade via positioneringstjänster för att det leder till en effektivare ruttplanering. Chaufförerna anser även att det är bra att deras chefer kan se hur de kör. Genom att kunna se över sin förbrukning och hur man kör så möjliggörs en körstil som innebär mindre drivmedelsutgifter för företaget. Chaufförerna som arbetar i Bohuslän är också väl medvetna att tjänsterna krävs för att kunna konkurrera med utländska åkerier som kör för en billigare kostnad.Chaufförerna tyckte också att så länge övervakning var av relevant karaktär som driver företaget i rätt riktning anses det vara i sin ordning. Med relevant karaktär menade chaufförerna att företaget övervakar hur deras arbete flyter på och hur man kan effektivisera företaget utan att kränka deras personliga integritet. Efter vi jämfört våra intervjusvar med den bakgrundsundersökning vi utfört så kom vi fram till att. Lastbilschaufförer generellt sett har mer lojala åsikter för sitt företag än övriga yrken som vi haft med i vår undersökning.Nyckelord: Övervakning, lojala arbetare, IT-system, konkurrens

  • 13.
    Adolfsson, Andreas
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Handelshögskolan.
    Uppföljning av affärsnytta inom IT-projekt: En kvalitativ studie om möjliggörande av uppföljning.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    IT-projekt har ofta ett bakomliggande syfte att bidra med ökad affärsnytta, ökad flexibilitet, effektivare arbetssätt, eller ökad kundnöjdhet. Uppföljning av affärsnytta förpassas ofta till förmån för klassiskt definierade framgångsparametrar inom projektledning, tid, budget och resultat. Mycket fokus hamnar på tekniska aspekter kring införande av system och affärsnyttan glöms bort. Vissa anledningar till att uppföljning av affärsnytta bortprioriteras anses vara att det är för svårt, råder oklarhet kring ansvar, och att affärsnyttor är av övervägande ogreppbar karaktär. Affärsnyttorna berör ofta flera olika verksamhetsområden vilket medför svårigheter gällande identifikation och hög kostnad för att involvera berörda resurser. IT-projekt initieras däremot grundat på explicita greppbara värden med tillhörande kostnadskalkyl som visar hur verksamheten kommer få igen investerat kapital. När affärsnytta inte är explicit uttryckt, utan har en ogreppbar karaktär leder det till låg prioritet, då kunskap kring mätning och styrning saknas. IT-projekt innebär en stor investering i tid, pengar, personal och den förväntade affärsnyttan har stor genomslagskraft. Uppfyllelse av affärsnytta kan påverka hela företagets lönsamhet. Teorier gällande Benefits Management Process (BMP) utgör basen för denvetenskapliga plattformen och har kompletterats medrelevant forskning vid behov.

    Syftet med undersökning är att se vilka aktiviteter som behöver föregå för att möjliggöra framgångsrik uppföljning av affärsnytta inom IT-projekt så att måluppfyllelse kan säkerställas.Även undersöka om utformning av projektmål kan bidra till att underlätta uppföljnings aktivitet.Undersökningen genomförs som en kvalitativ studie där en verksamhet inom små och mellanstora företagssegmentet (SMF), undersökts då de bedriver ett aktivt IT-projekt gällande byte av affärssystem. Undersökningen resulterade i fem konkreta slutsatser som är av en förklarande och upplysande karaktär.

     

    Undersökningen visar att:

    • BMP möjliggör uppföljning av affärsnytta inom IT-projekt, men är inte en förutsättning.
    • BMP kräver ett omfattande åtagande för att bidra till ökat värde för en verksamhet.
    • En genomarbetad målformulering enligt akronymen SMART kan öka en verksamhets möjlighet till styrning och kontroll av dess projektmål.
    • Tydligare koppling till identifiering och mätningsmetoder krävs för att maximera värdet av att ta sig an BMP.
    • Systemleverantörs och kundrelationen behöver belysas inom BMP i takt med färre egna utvecklingsprojekt inom affärssystem initieras.

     

    Brister i teorin rör konkreta metoder för att mäta affärsnytta och hur Key Peformance Indictors (KPI) kan användas på ett effektivt sätt. Tillsammans med att forskningen inte redogör för hur en verksamhet kan arbeta med uppföljning av affärsnytta i en kund- och systemleverantörsrelation. Explicit uttryckt när en verksamhet genomför upphandling av affärssystem ifrån en systemleverantör. Detta rekommenderas ligga till grund för framtida undersökningar.

  • 14.
    Adolfsson, Linus
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Hansson, Ludvig
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Vesterberg, Erik
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Nyckelfaktorer för en designs slutskede2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The final stage of a designers work is always a bit tricky. Design is an abstract phenomenon and no one can tell when a design is really finished. The design process that designers work within has been thoroughly studied but cannot be truly mapped with strict constraints which the designer can follow to succeed. Therefore, in this paper we take a look at the final stage in the design process. The main goal is to get more knowledge and highlight key factors about what designers face when they are about finish their design or what forces them to leave a project that can stay in development for eternity. Together with theories from a literature research and real life experience from people in the design profession we have looked at the issue. The results show that the key elements that are common in the final stage of the design process include evaluation, limitation and trusting your own judgment.

  • 15.
    Adolfsson, Sandra
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media.
    Lundholm, Paula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media.
    Detaljhandelns förberedelser inför GDPR: En fallstudie om vilka förändringar företagen behöver utföra samt deras arbete kring GDPR2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Det rådande EU-direktivet som behandlar dataskydd från år 1995 är idag inte lika aktuellt som när det infördes. Det är därför i hög tid att en uppdatering kommer. I maj 2018 införs den nya dataskyddsförordningen, GDPR, som är EU:s senaste förordning. Den kommer ersätta Sveriges personuppgiftslag, PuL, som idag styr över hur personuppgifter behandlas. GDPR kommer innebära strängare lagar kring informationshantering och fler rättigheter till privatpersoner. Ett exempel är att privatpersoner kommer kunna be om att få alla data kopplad till personen raderade. Många företag erbjuder medlemskap till privatpersoner och lagrar därför kunduppgifter digitalt, vilket betyder att de påverkas av GDPR i stor grad då de måste omforma sina IT-system för att leva upp till de nya kraven.

    Denna studie handlar om fyra företag och förändringarna de står inför samt hur de arbetar med de nya kraven som GDPR innebär för dem. En kravmodell skapas med en sammanställning av de nya kraven och resultatet visar sedan vilka företag som börjat arbeta med de kraven. Resultatet visar även hur långt de kommit i sitt arbete med dataskyddsförordningen och kan förhoppningsvis vägleda andra företag i hur de bör arbeta med dataskyddsförordningen samt vilka förändringar de bör genomföra för att leva upp till de nya kraven.

  • 16.
    Afram, Teodora
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Westh, Beatrice
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    IT-verktyg i distribuerade team: Egenskaper i IT-verktyg för att upprätthålla god kommunikation2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about IT-tools and communication in distributed system development teams. The purpose of this study is to identify how the members of distributed teams perceive their own communication, and to identify the characteristics that are considered important in the IT-tools to be able to maintain a good communication. To carry out this work, we did a case study where we sent out survey to a company that works distributed and that has team members both in Spain and in Sweden. We also conducted an interview with one of the respondents to be able to get deeper answers to our survey questions. The study showed that most were satisfied with the communication, but they still felt that communication could be improved. The study also showed that most respondents lacked certain qualities in their current IT-tools. The result of this study should be of interest to companies with similar conditions.

  • 17.
    Agerberg, David
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Eriksson, Linus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Från data till kunskap: En kvalitativ studie om interaktiv visualisering av big data genom dashboards2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Rapid growing volumes of data demands new solutions in terms of analysing and visualizing. The growing amount of data contains valuable information which organizations in a more digitized society need to manage. It is a major challenge to visualize data, both in a static and interactive way. Through visualization of big data follows several opportunities containing risk assessment and decision basis. Previous research indicates a lack of standards and guidelines considering the development of interactive dashboards. By studying factors of success from a user-centered perspective we proceeded with a qualitative approach using semi-structured interviews. In addition to this we performed a thorough examination of existing literature in this particular field of research. A total of eight interviews were held, all eight respondents had experience from using or developing dashboards. The results indicates that user experience is an important yet not a sufficiently used principle. They also indicates challenges concerning the management of big data and particularly visualizing it. The results developed into a model which illustrates guidelines and vital components to orchestrate when developing a dashboard. A user-centered approach should pervade the entire developing process. Interactive functionalities are rather a necessity than a recommendation. With interactiveness comes drill-down functionalities which leads to a more intuitively practice. User experience is an essential component of the model, bringing light to individual customisations as well as it makes allowances to a large target group. The last component highlights the importance of early prototyping and an iterative approach to software development. The conclusion of the study is our complete model which brings opportunities to transform big data to great knowledge.

  • 18.
    Aggeland, Christoffer
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Olsson, Sofia
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Världen med notifikationer: En studie om individers upplevda känslor kring notifikationer på sociala medier2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Sociala medier har ökat lavinartat sedan internet nådde människors hem under  90-talet. Enbart det sociala mediet Facebook har  243 miljoner användare i Europa. Sociala medier har även blivit ett primärt val för de flesta användare för interaktion med varandra. I en värld där informationsflödet och varje relation är konstant uppmärksammades en brist i hur sociala medier interagerar med användaren. För att undersöka hur individer upplever notifikationerna i sociala medier användes grundaffekterna av Silvan Tomkins som kompletterades via en litteraturstudie. Notifikationer på sociala medier undersöktes sedan kvalitativt med hjälp av  tester och  användare i fokusgruppsmiljö. Denna studie resulterade i ett antal definierade känslor  som  individer upplever av notifikationer  samt  åsikter kring redan befintlig funktionalitet och förslag till riktlinjer ur ett användarcentrerat perspektiv.

  • 19.
    Aggestam, Lena
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Persson, Anne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi.
    Critical Success Factors in Capturing Knowledge for Retention in IT-Supported Repositories2014Inngår i: Information, ISSN 2078-2489, Vol. 5, nr 4, 558-569 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, the authors demonstrate the suitability of IT-supported knowledge repositories for knowledge retention. Successful knowledge retention is dependent on whatis stored in a repository and, hence, possible to share. Accordingly, the ability to capture theright (relevant) knowledge is a key aspect. Therefore, to increase the quality in an IT-supported knowledge repository, the identification activity, which starts the capture process, must besuccessfully performed. While critical success factors (CSFs) for knowledge retention andknowledge management are frequently discussed in the literature, there is a knowledge gapconcerning CSFs for this specific knowledge capture activity. From a knowledge retention perspective, this paper proposes a model that characterizes CSFs for the identification activity and highlights the CSFs’ contribution to knowledge retention.

  • 20.
    Aghaee, Naghmeh
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm.
    Jobe, William
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Karunaratne, Thashme
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Smedberg, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Hansson, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Tedre, Matti
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Interaction Gaps in PhD Education and ICT as a Way Forward: Results from a Study in Sweden2016Inngår i: International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, ISSN 1492-3831, E-ISSN 1492-3831, Vol. 17, nr 3, 360-383 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Many research studies have highlighted the low completion rate and slow progress in PhD education. Universities strive to improve throughput and quality in their PhD education programs. In this study, the perceived problems of PhD education are investigated from PhD students' points of view, and how an Information and Communication Technology Support System (ICTSS) may alleviate these problems. Data were collected through an online open questionnaire sent to the PhD students at the Department of (the institution's name has been removed during the double-blind review) with a 59% response rate. The results revealed a number of problems in the PhD education and highlighted how online technology can support PhD education and facilitate interaction and communication, affect the PhD students' satisfaction, and have positive impacts on PhD students' stress. A system was prototyped, in order to facilitate different types of online interaction through accessing a set of online and structured resources and specific communication channels. Although the number of informants was not large, the result of the study provided some rudimentary ideas that refer to interaction problems and how an online ICTSS may facilitate PhD education by providing distance and collaborative learning, and PhD students' self-managed communication.

  • 21.
    Aghaee, Naghmeh
    et al.
    Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap, Stockholms universitet.
    Keller, Christina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    ICT-supported peer interaction among learners in bachelor’s and master’s thesis courses2016Inngår i: Computers and education, ISSN 0360-1315, E-ISSN 1873-782X, Vol. 94, 276-297 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Peer interaction and collaborative learning through the use of ICT (Information and Communication Technology) is used to an increasing extent in higher education. Universities attempt to motivate learners (students) to support their peers to enhance the quality of learning outcomes. This study monitors how an ICTSS (ICT-based Support System) facilitates peer interaction in the Bachelor’s and Master’s thesis process. The aim of the study was to investigate learners’ perception of usefulness of an ICTSS for peer interaction and the influencing factors on the quality of the peer interaction. The ICTSS was developed at the Department of Computer and Systems Sciences (DSV), at Stockholm University. The system facilitates peer interaction in three ways: peer reviews, active participation, and final opposition. The study employed a mixed-method approach, which included an online survey followed by in-depth interviews. The target groups were learners at the Bachelor’s and Master’s level in computer science and information systems. The findings showed that learners perceived the peer interaction useful to enhance the quality of the thesis outcomes. However, there are influencing factors affecting the quality of peer interaction, in different phases of the thesis process. Examples of these factors are the quality of thesis manuscripts, supervisors’ control and grading of the process, clear instructions and guidelines, learners’ understanding of the peer interaction and why it takes place, previous training and learners’ motivation to perform peer reviews. Following these factors, the study developed a set of strategic suggestions from both pedagogical and technical aspects to enhance the peer interaction in the thesis process. Considering these suggestions makes the use of the ICTSS more effective to enhance the quality of thesis learning outcomes.

  • 22.
    Aghaee, Naghmeh M.
    et al.
    Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap, Stockholms universitet.
    Keller, Christina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Choosing open source software: Strategies behind and reasons for municipalities’ use of Open Office2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to explore the strategies and reasons for Swedish municipalities to migrate from proprietary office applications, such as Microsoft Office, to the use of the open source software OpenOffice. We performed a comparative case study of three Swedish municipalities in the region of Västra Götaland currently implementing or planning to implement OpenOffice; Alingsås, Falköping and Kungälv. The methods of data collection used in the study were semi-structured interviews with IT managers, such as IT strategists and Chief Information Officers (CIOs), in each municipality, and document analysis.

    The findings of the study indicated that one of the municipalities had an IT strategy including strategies for use of open source software. The second municipality planned implementation of OpenOffice but were “between IT strategies”, as the current IT strategy hadn’t been updated for some years. The third municipality had abolished IT strategies, as the difficulties of anchoring strategies on all levels of the organisations were too large. Instead, operative guidelines concerning i.e. the use of open source software were used in IT management. The main driver of implementing OpenOffice was to lower IT costs. The IT managers were well aware of the fact that open source software is not entirely free of cost, but estimated the total cost of ownership of OpenOffice to be less than for Microsoft Office. Perceived barriers of implementation and use of OpenOffice were lack of standardisation with current administrative and enterprise systems used in the municipalities as well as a general lack of knowledge and familiarity with open source software among staff. There were also a genuine concern over the possibility of the community of OpenOffice developers leaving the program and its users to embark on new open source software project. The traditional relationship between systems suppliers and customers was perceived to disappear and be replaced with a much more uncertain business relationship. Further research in a larger number of Swedish municipalities is needed in order to increase the understanding of the circumstances of migration to open source software in municipalities.

  • 23.
    Ahl, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Swartz, Mattias
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    När genväg blir omväg: En kvalitativ studie om workarounds komplexa natur och dess mångsidiga konsekvenser i en ISO-certifierad organisation2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study examines positive and negative effects on effectivity as a result of alternative processes (workarounds) performed within an ISO-certificated organizations information system. To identify these workarounds we used contextual inquiry. This gave us an understanding of how the information systems users actually practice their work. The result of our acquired data revealed six major workarounds. To analyze these workarounds in relation to its complicated context we utilized three theoretical models. This gave us a broad understanding of each of the workarounds and made it possible to understand why each workaround was conducted, its implications on effectivity and what kind of a challenge/dilemma it posed. The analysis indicated that the workarounds had what we deduced as negative impact on the organizations effectivity as a whole. Many of the workarounds could have been seen as very effective alternatives to the designed work process but only if valued in a micro-context. The fact that they still occur are most likely the result of the fact that the users of the information system lack understanding of how the organization and its processes are structured as a whole and how their work as well as how they perform it is part of a bigger picture. Finally we present how future research, based on this study, could focus on developing a better model to understand the complicated context. We also propose that studies could investigate the possibility of shaping an ISO-standard which is responsive to the diversity of organizations actual work processes while still ensuring a qualitative standard.

  • 24.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    A generalized view of the nature of Benefit of Information2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Seeking out and understanding the benefits of information are essential to an organization. Internal in an organization it is important to understand created benefit in order to communicate, prioritize and increase or decrease prioritization in strategically important business areas. In modern society digitalized information is an area that is on the increase in enterprises, as is the knowledge that information is of importance. Therefore there should be a demand for understanding and measuring the beneficial factors that information gives an organization. In this study, empirical material was collected in a literature study from journals highly ranked in the Information Systems Area and with special focus on the benefit of information. The perspective of the study has been intra organizational. The purpose is to derive found benefit factors and use them as a basis to discuss and problematize on the nature of benefit of information and hereby give organizations help to understand this area.

  • 25.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Approaching the intangible benefits of a boundary object2014Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Today´s information society is constantly increasing the quantity of digital information that organisations have access to and depend on. Despite this dependency, few descriptions exist of the benefits which this digital information can provide the organisation with. Examples of what the organisation can use the information for include business intelligence or in a business process. The absence of such benefit descriptions results in missed opportunities in organisational management and a failure to cultivate the artefact. In terms of a practical operational work role, this means that the artefact just exists and that there are no decisions, communication and discussions connected to it. Earlier research about benefits in the Information Systems field is focused on describing the process of finding benefit factors from different IT investments and how these investments can be measured financially. The result of this was that it was only the measurable benefits that were taken into consideration. Later benefit management research has shown interest in the intangible benefit factors as well and added this as an activity in the evaluation process. Today´s view is that the benefit consists both of tangible and intangible benefit factors. This thesis emphasises benefit factors found by means of qualitative research in organisations producing Technical Information (TI). TI isinformation connected to goods and services and is a part of a product. The intangible benefit factors found which are connected to TI are semantic interoperability and knowledge. Semantic interoperability is beneficial both for the organisation and the individuals – in the first case exemplified by a uniform working process and in the second as efficiency in the internal communication. Knowledge also provides benefit both to the organisation and the individuals – the organisation can operate without depending on certain individuals and information gives the individuals mobility in their profession.The next part in the thesis discusses information management´simpact on benefit factors. In the case of an autocratic approach, it is the organisation that benefits most, whereas a decentralised management style provides the individual co-workers with a greater number of benefit factors. This proves that information management is an important and decisive ingredient, and that it affects benefit factors.One step in the direction of converting the intangible benefit factors into tangible ones is to visualise them. In this work the theoreticallens provided by a boundary object has been used. This lens adds a qualitative view on cross-boundary information and has efficiency approaches. These approaches are the syntactical, semantic andpragmatic. Via interpretations from the thesis´s two empirical cases, those approaches are "measured" by interpretations and visualised by the three leaves of a clover. This gives the opportunity to describewhat information efficiency, in this case connected to a positiveexpectation, can contribute to the organisation or the individuals. By this procedure, different cases or time aspects can be compared,thereby providing a basis for decision-making, communication and discussion. Future research in this area can be made in different directions – one is to investigate whether the intangible benefit factors can be turned into measurable ones. In this way, the internal organisation can be provided with better knowledge of the digital information's impact. Another research direction is to investigate how the passage of time affects the benefit factors that digital information gives the organisation.

  • 26.
    Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Ingelsson, Pernilla
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för kvalitetsteknik, maskinteknik och matematik.
    Information management, Lean and efficiency:  are we focusing on the customer?2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine what happens with the internal view an organisation has on information management when a holistic view is diminished into a blinkered view and the consequences it conveys for the customer. The customer consequences are divided into two parts – creation of external customers’ values and creation of value for the internal customer explored in terms of efficiency.

    Methodology/approach – Interviews with both outsourced co-workers and project leaders still in the organization.

    Findings – The organisations lack of listening to the external customer affects all three areas lifted in the analysis. The studied organisations have great opportunities for developing their process for producing TI, both regarding their mutual relationship as well as in regards to the external customer with the help of Lean and by applying a more holistic view on the production of Technical Information.

    Keywords – Information management, Lean, Customer value, Technical Information, Efficiency

    Paper type – Case study

  • 27.
    Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University.
    Saarikko, Ted
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Exploiting Information: Seeking Long-term Preservation of organisational knowledge2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Long-term preservation of organisational knowledge gives the business opportunities to reusestored knowledge. This preservation of knowledge is present both in the organisation as such,found explicitly in the organisational stock, and also in the individual workers, implicit intheir flow of action. Theoretically have the reuse of knowledge been named organisationalmemory and also been addressed in knowledge management. In a single case-study of amanufacturing company, the authors study the utilisation of product configuration information(PCI) and its role in meeting requirements on long-time preservation of product-relatedknowledge. This structured and standardised information is used throughout the organisation,serving as a base for both organisational and individual knowledge for the entire company.Since the information has been used in the same way for decades it is a part of theorganisation´s culture and influences structures and procedures connected to the informationbase. The result of the study implies that usage of PCI grants the individual worker a highdegree of task-related freedom as well as intra-organisational mobility. The downside for theindividuals is the long time period it takes to get familiar with PCI due to its complexity. Forthe organisation as such, PCI provides a stable stock of knowledge which is available overextended periods of time, drastically reducing dependence upon individual workers.

  • 28.
    Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Saarikko, Ted
    Umeå University.
    Exploiting Information: Seeking Long-term Preservation of organisational knowledge2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Long-term preservation of organisational knowledge gives the business opportunities to reuse stored knowledge. This preservation of knowledge is present both in the organisation as such, found explicitly in the organisational stock, and also in the individual workers, implicit in their flow of action. Theoretically have the reuse of knowledge been named organisational memory and also been addressed in knowledge management. In a single case-study of a manufacturing company, the authors study the utilisation of product configuration information (PCI) and its role in meeting requirements on long-time preservation of product-related knowledge. This structured and standardised information is used throughout the organisation, serving as a base for both organisational and individual knowledge for the entire company. Since the information has been used in the same way for decades it is a part of the organisation´s culture and influences structures and procedures connected to the information base. The result of the study implies that usage of PCI grants the individual worker a high degree of task-related freedom as well as intra-organisational mobility. The downside for the individuals is the long time period it takes to get familiar with PCI due to its complexity. For the organisation as such, PCI provides a stable stock of knowledge which is available over extended periods of time, drastically reducing dependence upon individual workers.

  • 29.
    Ahmadi Achachlouei, Mohammad
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms). KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Hilty, Lorenz M.
    KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Modeling the Effects of ICT on Environmental Sustainability: Revisiting a System Dynamics Model Developed for the European Commission2015Inngår i: ICT Innovations for Sustainability / [ed] Hilty, L.M.; Aebischer, B., Switzerland: Springer Publishing Company, 2015, 449-474 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter revisits a System Dynamics model developed in 2002 with the aim of exploring the future impacts of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) on environmental sustainability in the EU, which then consisted of 15 countries. The time horizon of the study was 20 years (2000–2020). We analyze the results in light of empirical data that is now available for 2000–2012. None of the three scenarios that were developed by experts to specify the external factors needed to run the model were realistic from today’s point of view. If the model is re-run with more realistic input data for the first half of the simulation period, however, the main results regarding the impact of ICT remain qualitatively the same; they seem to be relatively robust implications of the causal system structure, as it is represented in the model. Overall, the impacts of ICT for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions and other environmental burdens for 2020 tend to be slightly stronger if the simulation is based on the empirical data now available.

  • 30.
    Ahmadi Achachlouei, Mohammad
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms). Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Hilty, Lorenz M.
    Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC. Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology. Department of Informatics, University of Zurich.
    Modelling Rebound Effects in System Dynamics2014Inngår i: Proceedings of the 28th Conference on Environmental Informatics - EnviroInfo 2014 - ICT for Energy Efficiency / [ed] Marx Gómez, J., Sonnenschein, M., Vogel, U., Winter, A., Rapp, B., Giesen, N., Germany: BIS Oldenburg, 2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The induction of demand by increasing the efficiency of a production or consumption process is known as the rebound effect. Feedback loops in System Dynamics can be used to conceptualize the structure of this complex phenomenon and also for communicating model-based insights. In passenger transport, the rebound effect can be induced through increased cost efficiency (direct economic rebound) and/or increase in speed (time rebound). In this paper we review and compare two models on environmental effects of passenger transport—including a model on the role of information and communication technology. We highlight the feedback mechanisms used to deal with the rebound effect (price, efficiency, and time rebound).

  • 31.
    Ahmadi Achachlouei, Mohammad
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC. Department of Informatics, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Hilty, Lorenz M
    KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC. Department of Informatics, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Simulating the future impact of ICT on environmental sustainability: validating and recalibrating a system dynamics model - Background Data2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This report serves as supplementary material to the book chapter “Modeling the Effects of ICT on Environmental Sustainability: Revisiting a System Dynamics Model Developed for the European Commission” (Achachlouei and Hilty 2015) published in the book “ICT Innovations for Sustainability” (Hilty and Aebischer 2015). The current report was referred to in the book chapter whenever the data to be presented exceeded the space provided for the book chapter.

  • 32.
    Aidemark, Jan
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Askenäs, Linda
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Flexible Self-Care Solution Portfolio: Adaptive Support for Patient Centered Heart Failure Care2016Inngår i: International conference on enterprise information systems/International conference on project management/International conference on health and social care information systems and technologies, CENTERIS/ProjMAN / HCist 2016 / [ed] Varajao, JEQ; CruzCunha, MM; Martinho, R; Rijo, R; BjornAndersen, N; Turner, R; Alves, D, Elsevier, 2016, 215-220 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Development of support systems in the area of e-health have different set of conditions that makes it more difficult than in other context of IS/IT use. In this research we explore a development case and look at the development process and the outcomes in terms of solutions. The research concerns the area of heart failure and how patients could be more successful with self-care. The outcome from the project was the creation of a portfolio of solutions, which was a combination of technical and process solutions. The outcome draws the attention to the need of flexible solutions and cater to the diversity of the patients and their personal situations. In the concluding discussion a set of design dimensions are presenting, representing difficult trade-offs that needs to be handled during the design process. (C) 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  • 33.
    Aidemark, Jan
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Ekonomihögskolan, EHV.
    Sterner, Håkan
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Ekonomihögskolan, EHV.
    A Framework for Strategic Balancing of Knowledge Management Initiatives2003Inngår i: Proceedings of the 36th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2003 / [ed] Ralph Sprague, IEEE Press, 2003Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Enterprises need to understand the impact of different types of knowledge management (KM) approaches on business strategy, and how they interact with other types of initiatives to produce synergistic effects. The hypothesis of this paper is that a model based on the balanced scorecard approach (BSC) can be used to balance the diverse set of KM approaches that are described in the KM literature. A literature study has been carried out connecting general examples of BSC objectives to KM approaches and applications. The resulting framework indicates that each of the major aspects of KM has its place in the BSC model, and thus has a role in the success of the company from a strategic viewpoint. A KM strategy according to this perspective should articulate how a company intends to strike a balance between different KM approaches. Contributions of the framework to related theory are discussed and illustrated by using a rich case from literature.

  • 34.
    Aizezi, Zulifuyemu
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media, Informationssystem.
    Identifying Mobile Phone Usability Issues in Informal Swedish Language Learning:What users think about it?2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies the usability issues of the mobile phone in informal Swedish language learning. The concept of usability is defined by expanding the technical usability attributes of Jakob Nielsen with other recent attributes derived from considering the technical aspects of mobile learning (m-learning). Thus, the ultimate structure of the usability factors that are discussed in this study consists of: accessibility, easy-to-learn, technical design, efficiency and satisfaction. With the support of the relevant previous literature and interview, we research this topic by considering the mobile-assisted language learning (MALL), informal language-learning and usability elements, in order to explore and identify the usability of mobile phone. The goal of this study is to contribute to detailed understanding of mobile phone usage, further identify the usability issues of mobile phones by obtaining both critical and commendatory feedbacks and reflections from the users. For final results, through qualitative research approach, we offered several findings regarding the mobile phone usability with specified reasons.

  • 35.
    Akius, Kim
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT).
    Approaching micrometer size graphene flakes on an insulating substrate with STM2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, a method for landing with a Scanning Tunneling Microscope (STM) on a µm size ake of graphene was developed. Two approaches were explored, one using physical guides to navigate on the sample and another one using capacitive pickup in the system. We show that with no modication of the STM that was used, we could land on a micrometer size ake of graphene.

  • 36.
    Akram, Asif
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    The Influence Of Generativity On Value Creation – A Study Of Digitized Products2015Inngår i: 8th IADIS International Conference on Information Systems / [ed] Miguel Baptista Nunes, Pedro Isaias, Philip Powell, IADIS Press, 2015, 51-60 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The advancement of digital technologies is driving traditional product oriented businesses to move from selling product to selling solutions. In order to exploit business potentials from technology, it is important to understand the potential of the technology and how it influences the value creation in a digital environment where it is developed and to be deployed. To understand this changing environment, I have studied remote diagnostics as an example of digital technology within the vehicle industry as a source of new value for business. The findings show that digitized products not only helps to solve existing problems in providing services but also provides potential to generate value for new products and services in the networked environment. An implication from the findings for product oriented firms is that value creation with digitized products requires new business processes. Based on the findings, a discussion is presented about how generativity influences value creation via value in design, governance and networking in a digital ecosystem.

  • 37.
    Akram, Asif
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Towards Servitization in the Age of Digital Innovation: A Case from Vehicle Industry2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The advancement in digital technologies drives industries to change their core businesses which present number of challenges. One of them is transformation of manufacturing industries towards servitization. This paper reports empirical findings from an on-going project related to servitization in the age of digital innovation. The research study is in the context of the vehicle industry and concerns e-maintenance services based on remote diagnostics technologies. It explores the servitization of vehicle industry in the age of digital innovation. Such innovations embark challenges to innovation environment. A study in this regard has been conducted and it revealed the challenges related to the design, organizational strategy and organizational transformation.

  • 38.
    Akram, Asif
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Bergquist, Magnus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Balancing Generativity of Digitized Products – A Study of Digitized Buses and Remote DiagnosticsManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 39.
    Albonius, Jonas
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för informatik och projektledning.
    Hagbok, Monica
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för informatik och projektledning.
    Projektledning för kreativitet: En fallstudie om hur projektledare skapar förutsättningar för kreativitet i ett distansbaserat datorspelsutvecklingsprojekt2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Companies and projects often face the challenge of creating something new to increase their competitiveness. In this process of creating something new creativity is an important factor. By using a creative approach and utilizing creative processes new innovations emerges. An industry that has grown in recent years is the computer games industry. Competition is fierce and for the companies to succeed, the product need that extra something to make it stand out among all the produced games.

    The project manager's role in the creative process and the ability to be creative within a distance based company is not something highlighted by previous research. This formed the basis of our research question:

    How do project managers act to create conditions for creativity among employees in a remotely organized computer game company?

    To answer our question, we chose to make a descriptive case study. The project is based in the Nordic countries with employees worldwide. It is altogether a distance based project with no shared workspace. We interviewed the projects two project managers, and supplemented with a qualitative survey amongst the employees. The collected material was analyzed with a methodology inspired by Grounded Theory and previous research results.

    Three approaches of how the project managers act to promote creativity are evident in their stories. These approaches are trust, availability and tolerance. They form the basis of our model on how the project managers in this case act to promote employee creativity. Besides the three approaches, two concepts emerged as important tools for creativity in the project: motivation and communication. Our conclusion can be described as follows:

    Motivation provides the conditions for creative thinking. By building an organization where project leaders show trust in the ability of employees, and allows tolerance to be a watchword for collaboration, project managers work to improve employee motivation. This will create opportunities for creativity among the employees in this distance based project. Communication is essential for creative work in the project and virtual means of communication a way to increase availability.

  • 40.
    Alemu Argaw, Atelach
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Amharic-English information retrieval with pseudo relevance feedback2008Inngår i: Advances in multilingual and multimodal information retrieval: 8th Workshop of the Cross-Language Evaluation Forum, CLEF 2007, Budapest, Hungary, September 19-21, 2007 : revised selected papers / [ed] Carol Peters ... [et al.], Berlin ; New York: Springer, 2008, 119-126 s.Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    We describe cross language retrieval experiments using Amharic queries and English language document collection from our participation in the bilingual ad hoc track at the CLEF 2007. Two monolingual and eight bilingual runs were submitted. The bilingual experiments designed varied in terms of usage of long and short queries, presence of pseudo relevance feedback (PRF), and three approaches (maximal expansion, first-translation-given, manual) for word sense disambiguation. We used an Amharic-English machine readable dictionary (MRD) and an online Amharic-English dictionary in order to do the lookup translation of query terms. In utilizing both resources, matching query term bigrams were always given precedence over unigrams. Out of dictionary Amharic query terms were taken to be possible named entities in the language, and further filtering was attained through restricted fuzzy matching based on edit distance. The fuzzy matching was performed for each of these terms against automatically extracted English proper names. The Lemur toolkit for language modeling and information retrieval was used for indexing and retrieval. Although the experiments are too limited to draw conclusions from, the obtained results indicate that longer queries tend to perform similar to short ones, PRF improves performance considerably, and that queries tend to fare better when we use the first translation given in the MRD rather than using maximal expansion of terms by taking all the translations given in the MRD.

  • 41.
    Alexander, Lövnord
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Innovation networks in the public sector: A literature review on barriers and opportunities for innovation networks for public organizations2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 42.
    Al-Haydar, Sattar
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Time concept and software production in a cross-cultural team: a structurational analysis2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 43.
    Al-Haydar, Sattar
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    Cultural aspects in global systems development: an analytical tool2007Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 44.
    AL-Hilfi, Mohammed
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik. Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik.
    Olovsson, Emil
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik. Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik.
    Integration & Interoperabilitet vid utveckling av IT-system2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie ska öka förståelse för hur systemutvecklare kan lösa komplexa problem inom organisationer genom att utveckla ett nytt informationsteknologi-system (IT-system) där fokus läggs på teknisk- och organisatorisk interoperabilitet vid integrationsprocessen. Författarna agerar som systemutvecklare via en fallstudie där det finns behov av ett nytt IT-system.

    I uppsatsen används ett abduktivt tillvägagångssätt där en instrumentell fallstudie används. Genomförandet av arbetet delas in i fyra olika faser:

    (1) Problemidentifiering inom verksamheten genom framställning av verksamhetsmodeller, insamling av data genom kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer med intressenter och framtagning av teoretisk bas. Som teoretisk referensram i denna uppsats definieras Integration och Interoperabilitet (I & I), vad verksamhetsprocesser är, vad som skiljer teknisk- och organisatorisk interoperabilitet åt, hur verksamhetsmodeller skapas, agil mjukvaruutveckling och användbarhet av IT-system.

    (2) Utveckling, ingrepp och utvärdering. IT-systemet utvecklas genom en iterativ och inkrementell mjukvaruutvecklingsprocess där fokus ligger på att lösa problem som identifierats. I utvecklingsarbetet har krav och begränsningar identifierats för att skapa verksamhetsmodellen börläget. Det IT-system som utvecklas utgår från detta börläge där IT-systemet revideras utifrån brister som uppkommit från intervjuer med intressenter efter varje iteration. Första iterationen av IT-systemet lyckades inte uppfylla intressenternas krav och förväntningar. Det lyckades däremot senare iterationer av IT-systemet med, där det senare implementeras inom organisationen. När IT-systemet har implementerats utvärderas det av slutanvändarna för att identifiera om systemutvecklarna har lyckats lösa verksamhetsproblemen och för att kontrollera användbarheten hos IT-systemet.

    (3) I reflektion- och lärandefasen diskuteras och analyseras resultatet mot den teoretiska referensramen och tillvägagångssättet. Resultatet visar att systemutvecklarna lyckats identifiera de komplexa problemen inom organisationen och lyckats skapa ett nytt IT-system som uppfyller intressenters behov samtidigt som det löser de identifierade verksamhetsproblemen.

    (4) I sista fasen formalisering av lärdomar sammanställs generella koncept som går att använda i andra projekt. I denna uppsats identifieras åtta aspekter och principer en systemutvecklare kan använda sig av när de ska utveckla IT-system.

  • 45.
    Ali Hassen, Yasin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och informatik, Avd för informatik.
    Role of ICT for the growth of small enterprises in Ethiopia2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Small enterprises strive to survive and grow in the business they are involved. They makeefforts to utilize different resources and technologies available to this end as long as it isaffordable and productive. Information Communication Technology or ICT and e-commerceare among those technologies that take the front line. This study asks the question ‘howmuch are Ethiopian small enterprises responsive to ICT and the internet and how much ofthe benefits have they utilized for their growth?’ It takes five small enterprises involved inimport and export business to perform case study research on the issue and examines theirutilization level of the technology. The findings show that small enterprises in the countryare on a very low level of utilizing ICT and e-commerce due to several reasons among whichare scarcity in infrastructure development and expertise in the area coupled with barriersfrom government policy and bank regulations.

  • 46.
    Ali, Hussein
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Al-Habobi, Ahmed
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Svenska molnleverantörers perspektiv på säkerhetsrisker vid användning av molntjänster2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    På senare tid har införandet av så det kallade molnet och molntjänster bidragit till en märkbar utveckling inom IT-branschen. Det som utmärker molntjänster är främst möjligheten att ha tillgång till data från olika enheter oavsett geografisk lokalisering. Idag används molntjänster av flera användare runt om i hela världen. Dock finns det en hel del risker med dessa tjänster, som kan få förödande konsekvenser. I denna studie identifieras säkerhetsrisker som uppstår vid utnyttjande av molntjänster. Dessa säkerhetsrisker undersöks mer djupgående i syfte att minimera riskerna för att uppnå en ökad säkerhet vid bruk av molntjänster. Syftet besvarades genom att använda en vetenskaplig metod där insamlandet av kvalitativ data är i fokus. Den kvalitativa undersökningen baserades på data från intervjuer med respondenter från olika molnleverantörer i Sverige. Resultatet visar att graden av säkerhetsrisker, så som dataförlust och försök av dataintrång av exempelvis DDOS-attacker, är beroende av molnleverantör och typ av molntjänst. Detta innebär att antal risker i en molntjänst varierar beroende på vilken leverantör som erbjuder tjänsten. Det är i dagsläget näst intill omöjligt att utesluta de säkerhetsrisker molnet medför. Dock påvisar denna studie att potentialen för att minimera dessa säkerhetsrisker ligger i utformandet av avtalet mellan molnleverantör och kund och att båda parter identifierar och kommer överens om vilka säkerhetsrisker som är acceptabla för kunden.   

  • 47.
    Ali, Liaqut
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Avdic, Anders
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    A framework for ICT-based knowledge sharing in sustainable rural development: the case of Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan2015Inngår i: Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management, ISSN 1479-4411, Vol. 13, nr 2, 103-116 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Some 50% of the people in the world live in rural areas, often under harsh conditions and in poverty. The need for knowledge of how to improve living conditions is well documented. In response to this need, new knowledge of how to improve living conditions in rural areas and elsewhere is continuously being developed by researchers and practitioners around the world. People in rural areas, in particular, would certainly benefit from being able to share relevant knowledge with each other, as well as with stakeholders (e.g. researchers) and other organizations (e.g. NGOs). Central to knowledge management is the idea of knowledge sharing. This study is based on the assumption that knowledge management can support sustainable development in rural and remote regions. It aims to present a framework for knowledge management in sustainable rural development, and an inventory of existing frameworks for that. The study is interpretive, with interviews as the primary source for the inventory of stakeholders, knowledge categories and Information and Communications Technology (ICT) infrastructure. For the inventory of frameworks, a literature study was carried out. The result is a categorization of the stakeholders who act as producers and beneficiaries of explicit and indigenous development knowledge. Stakeholders are local government, local population, academia, NGOs, civil society and donor agencies. Furthermore, the study presents a categorization of the development knowledge produced by the stakeholders together with specifications for the existing ICT infrastructure. Rural development categories found are research, funding, agriculture, ICT, gender, institutional development, local infrastructure development, and marketing & enterprise. Finally, a compiled framework is presented, and it is based on ten existing frameworks for rural development that were found in the literature study, and the empirical findings of the Gilgit-Baltistan case. Our proposed framework is divided in four levels where level one consists of the identified stakeholders, level two consists of rural development categories, level three of the knowledge management system and level four of sustainable rural development based on the levels below. In the proposed framework we claim that the sustainability of rural development can be achieved through a knowledge society in which knowledge of the rural development process is shared among all relevant stakeholders.

  • 48.
    Ali, Rashid
    et al.
    Department of Information and Communication Engineering Yeungnam University, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea.
    Ashgar, Summara
    Department of Information and Communication Engineering Yeungnam University, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea.
    Spante, Maria
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Kim, Sung Won
    Department of Information and Communication Engineering Yeungnam University, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea.
    Kim, Byung-Seo
    Department of Computer & Information Communication Engineering Hongik University, Sejong, Republic of Korea.
    Competence development at workplace: a work integrated informal learning (WIIL) approach2016Inngår i: Far East Journal of Electronics and Communications, ISSN 0973-7006, Vol. 2, 35-42 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Learning within the organization is not only linked to the formal training and education of the employees, but also to informal processes of sharing knowledge. The knowledge is often embedded in organizational activities, practices and norms, as well as in social ties among individuals in the organization. We analyzed employees' behavior and acceptance of online social networking as an information system (IS) of learning. The analysis is performed by a descriptive case survey within a telecom corporation in Pakistan. The purpose of our study is to bring an informal learning system at workplace. In this study we obtain quantitative data from 105 out of 180 targeted employees. The results show that a majority of the studied employees favor social networking to connect colleagues at different levels and more than half of the respondents share their knowledge and experiences using social sites. Nearly half of the respondents strongly agree that knowledge sharing is an important role of social sites within the organization and many are in favor of social media as an informal learning system. The results also show how the professionals use social networking sites to share their experiences and to build a virtual break in hierarchical levels of professions. This paper illustrates the benefits of social networking sites as an informal work integrated learning tool that also serves as an IS model for the organization.

  • 49.
    Ali, Rashid
    et al.
    Department of Information and Communication Engineering Yeungnam University, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea.
    Ashgar, Summara
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Spante, Maria
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Kim, Sung Won
    Department of Information and Communication Engineering Yeungnam University, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea.
    Kim, Byung-Seo
    Department of Computer & Information Communication Engineering Hongik University, Sejong, Republic of Korea.
    Social Networking sites for Interdisciplinary Learning at Workplace: Work integrated informal Learning (WiiL)2016Inngår i: International Conference on Advanced Computing, Communication and Information Sciences (ICACCI-2016): Proceedings, Pushpa Publishing House , 2016, 9-9 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Work Integrated Learning (WIL) studies usually focuses on educational situations when professional organizations are actively involved in learning processes for students in higher education. However, after completing the institutional period entering the professional arena, the professional person is still actually a student at the workplace as s/he never stops learning. Learning within the organization is not only linked to the formal training and education of the employees, but also to informal processes of sharing knowledge. The knowledge is often embedded in organizational activities, practices and norms, as well as in social ties among individuals in the organization. Our analysis of employees' behavior and acceptance of online social networking as an information system (IS) of learning is performed by a descriptive case survey within a telecom corporation in Pakistan. Thepurpose of our study is to bring an informal learning system at workplace. In this study we quantitative data isobtained from 105 out of 180 targeted employees. The results show that a majority of the studied employees favors social networking to connect colleagues at different levels and more than half of the respondents share their knowledge and experiences using social sites. Nearly half of the respondents strongly agree that knowledge sharing is an important role of social sites within the organization and many are in favor of social media as an informal learning system. The results also show how the professionals use social networking sites to share their experiences and to build a virtual break in hierarchical levels of professions. This paper illustrates the benefits of social networking sites as an informal work integrated learning tool that also serves as an IS model for the organization.

  • 50. Al-Jumaili, Mustafa
    et al.
    Rauhala, Ville
    Jonsson, Katrin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Ramin, Karim
    Parida, Aditya
    Aspects of Data Quality in eMaintenance: A case study of process industry in northern Europe2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
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