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  • 1.
    Abrahamsson, Louise
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring.
    Improving methane production using hydrodynamic cavitation as pre-treatment2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    To develop anaerobic digestion (AD), innovative solutions to increase methane yields in existing AD processes are needed. In particular, the adoption of low energy pre-treatments to enhance biomass biodegradability is needed to provide efficient digestion processes increasing profitability. To obtain these features, hydrodynamic cavitation has been evaluated as an innovative solutions for AD of waste activated sludge (WAS), food waste (FW), macro algae and grass, in comparison with steam explosion (high energy pre-treatment). The effect of these two pre-treatments on the substrates, e.g. particle size distribution, soluble chemical oxygen demand (sCOD), biochemical methane potential (BMP) and biodegradability rate, have been evaluated. After two minutes of hydrodynamic cavitation (8 bar), the mean fine particle size decreased from 489- 1344 nm to 277- 381 nm (≤77% reduction) depending of the biomasses. Similar impacts were observed after ten minutes of steam explosion (210 °C, 30 bar) with a reduction in particle size between 40% and 70% for all the substrates treated.  In terms of BMP value, hydrodynamic cavitation caused significant increment only within the A. nodosum showing a post treatment increment of 44% compared to the untreated value, while similar values were obtained before and after treatment within the other tested substrates. In contrast, steam explosion allowed an increment for all treated samples, A. nodosum (+86%), grass (14%) and S. latissima (4%). However, greater impacts where observed with hydrodynamic cavitation than steam explosion when comparing the kinetic constant K. Overall, hydrodynamic cavitation appeared an efficient pre-treatment for AD capable to compete with the traditional steam explosion in terms om kinetics and providing a more efficient energy balance (+14%) as well as methane yield for A. nodosum.

  • 2.
    Agarwal, Parminder
    et al.
    Michigan State University.
    Berglund, Kris
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Effect of polymeric additives on calcium carbonate crystallization as monitored by nephelometry2004Inngår i: Crystal Growth & Design, ISSN 1528-7483, E-ISSN 1528-7505, Vol. 4, nr 3, 479-483 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The effect of polymaleimide polymers on calcium carbonate crystallization was studied using nephelometry. Induction time and percent growth inhibition were determined for polymeric additives from the nephelometric data. The polymaleimide synthesized by KOH-initiated polymerization exhibited the greatest growth inhibition and longest nucleation time among the polymers investigated. Raman spectroscopy was used to determine the calcium carbonate polymorph formed in the presence of these polymeric additives.

  • 3.
    Agarwal, Parminder
    et al.
    Michigan State University.
    Berglund, Kris
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    In situ monitoring of calcium carbonate polymorphs during batch crystallization in the presence of polymeric additives using Raman spectroscopy2003Inngår i: Crystal Growth & Design, ISSN 1528-7483, E-ISSN 1528-7505, Vol. 3, nr 6, 941-946 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Polycarboxylic acids are well-known to affect calcium carbonate crystallization. Agarwal et al. (Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2003, in press) reported previously the synthesis of polymaleimide by a variety of techniques and initiators. In the present work, the effect of these polymers on calcium carbonate crystallization was studied by a variety of techniques. Crystallization experiments were carried out in a 1-L LABMAX automated batch reactor, and the concentration of calcium in solution was determined in real time. Raman spectroscopy was used to determine the relative amount of various calcium carbonate polymorphs as the crystallization occurred. However, Raman spectroscopy is a scattering technique, which may make it surface selective, and therefore results from solids may not be representative of bulk of sample. X-ray diffraction (XRD) was used to compare the results obtained by Raman spectroscopy. Peak intensity ratios were used for both Raman spectroscopy and XRD for calibration and measurement purposes. The results obtained by these two techniques for final percent vaterite for calcium carbonate crystallization in the presence of polymeric additives were in agreement within 2%. Therefore, use of Raman spectroscopy for in situ measurement of polymorph composition during calcium carbonate crystallization appears accurate. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) data were useful in understanding the crystal morphology and to determine crystal size.

  • 4.
    Agarwal, Parminder
    et al.
    Michigan State University.
    Yu, Qiuyue
    Michigan State University.
    Harant, Adam
    Michigan State University.
    Berglund, Kris
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Synthesis and characterization of polymaleimide2003Inngår i: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, ISSN 0888-5885, E-ISSN 1520-5045, Vol. 42, nr 13, 2881-2884 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Simplified syntheses of polymaleimide employing anionic polymerization (from the melt and from solution) and metal compound-alcohol initiators such as PbO, SnO, tin bis(2-ethyl hexanoate) in the presence of tert-butyl benzyl alcohol are presented. The resulting polymers contain a combination of C-N- and C-C-connected monomers. Preliminary structures of the polymers were determined using NMR spectroscopy. The ratio of C-N- and C-C-connected monomers was determined, and the percentage of C-N-connected monomer units was found to vary from 40 to 80%, with the higher percentage resulting from anionic polymerization. The molecular weights of the polymers, as determined by gel permeation chromatography (GPC) with aqueous mobile phase and sodium polyacrylates standards, ranged between 1100 and 4200 for anionic polymerization and were about 11 500 for metal oxide-alcohol initiated polymerization. Solution-phase properties of the polymaleimides were evaluated by calcium chelation and precipitation inhibition studies. On the basis of the measured properties of these polymers, they are proposed as biodegradable, low-impact detergent additives to substitute currently used compounds.

  • 5.
    Ahlén, Gustaf
    et al.
    Recopharma AB.
    Strindelius, Lena
    Recopharma AB.
    Johansson, Tomas
    Recopharma AB.
    Nilsson, Anki
    Rrecopharma AB.
    Chatzissavidou, Nathalie
    Recopharma AB.
    Sjöblom, Magnus
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Rova, Ulrika
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Holsgersson, Jan
    Clinical Chemistry and Transfusion Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy.
    Mannosylated mucin-type immunoglobulin fusion proteins enhance antigen-specific antibody and T lymphocyte responses2012Inngår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 7, nr 10Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Targeting antigens to antigen-presenting cells (APC) improve their immunogenicity and capacity to induce Th1 responses and cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). We have generated a mucin-type immunoglobulin fusion protein (PSGL-1/mIgG2b), which upon expression in the yeast Pichia pastoris became multivalently substituted with O-linked oligomannose structures and bound the macrophage mannose receptor (MMR) and dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3 grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN) with high affinity in vitro. Here, its effects on the humoral and cellular anti-ovalbumin (OVA) responses in C57BL/6 mice are presented.OVA antibody class and subclass responses were determined by ELISA, the generation of anti-OVA CTLs was assessed in 51Cr release assays using in vitro-stimulated immune spleen cells from the different groups of mice as effector cells and OVA peptide-fed RMA-S cells as targets, and evaluation of the type of Th cell response was done by IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4 and IL-5 ELISpot assays.Immunizations with the OVA − mannosylated PSGL-1/mIgG2b conjugate, especially when combined with the AbISCO®-100 adjuvant, lead to faster, stronger and broader (with regard to IgG subclass) OVA IgG responses, a stronger OVA-specific CTL response and stronger Th1 and Th2 responses than if OVA was used alone or together with AbISCO®-100. Also non-covalent mixing of mannosylated PSGL-1/mIgG2b, OVA and AbISCO®-100 lead to relatively stronger humoral and cellular responses. The O-glycan oligomannoses were necessary because PSGL-1/mIgG2b with mono- and disialyl core 1 structures did not have this effect.Mannosylated mucin-type fusion proteins can be used as versatile APC-targeting molecules for vaccines and as such enhance both humoral and cellular immune responses.

  • 6. Anasontzis, George
    et al.
    Christakopoulos, Paul
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Challenges in ethanol production with Fusarium oxysporum through consolidated bioprocessing2014Inngår i: Bioengineered, ISSN 2165-5979, E-ISSN 2165-5987, Vol. 5, nr 6, 393-395 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Fusarium oxysporum has been reported as being able to both produce the enzymes necessary to degrade lignocellulosic biomass to sugars and also ferment the monosaccharides to ethanol under anaerobic or microaerobic conditions. However, in order to become an economically feasible alternative to other ethanol-producing microorganisms, a better understanding of its physiology, metabolic pathways, and bottlenecks is required, together with an improvement in its efficiency and robustness. In this report, we describe the challenges for the future and give additional justification for our recent publication.

  • 7.
    Anasontzis, George E.
    et al.
    National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Microbial Biotechnology Unit, Sector of Botany, Department of Biology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Zografou.
    Kourtoglou, Elisavet
    National Technical University of Athens, BIOtechMASS Unit, Biotechnology Laboratory, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens.
    Villas-Boâs, Silas G
    Centre for Microbial Innovation, School of Biological Sciences, The University of Auckland, Technical University of Denmark.
    Hatzinikolaou, Dimitris G.
    Department of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens.
    Christakopoulos, Paul
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Metabolic Engineering of Fusarium oxysporum to Improve Its Ethanol-Producing Capability2016Inngår i: Frontiers in Microbiology, ISSN 1664-302X, E-ISSN 1664-302X, Vol. 7, 632Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Fusarium oxysporum is one of the few filamentous fungi capable of fermenting ethanol directly from plant cell wall biomass. It has the enzymatic toolbox necessary to break down biomass to its monosaccharides and, under anaerobic and microaerobic conditions, ferments them to ethanol. Although these traits could enable its use in consolidated processes and thus bypass some of the bottlenecks encountered in ethanol production from lignocellulosic material when Saccharomyces cerevisiae is used-namely its inability to degrade lignocellulose and to consume pentoses-two major disadvantages of F. oxysporum compared to the yeast-its low growth rate and low ethanol productivity-hinder the further development of this process. We had previously identified phosphoglucomutase and transaldolase, two major enzymes of glucose catabolism and the pentose phosphate pathway, as possible bottlenecks in the metabolism of the fungus and we had reported the effect of their constitutive production on the growth characteristics of the fungus. In this study, we investigated the effect of their constitutive production on ethanol productivity under anaerobic conditions. We report an increase in ethanol yield and a concomitant decrease in acetic acid production. Metabolomics analysis revealed that the genetic modifications applied did not simply accelerate the metabolic rate of the microorganism; they also affected the relative concentrations of the various metabolites suggesting an increased channeling toward the chorismate pathway, an activation of the γ-aminobutyric acid shunt, and an excess in NADPH regeneration

  • 8.
    Anasontzis, George
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering.
    Kourtoglou, Elisavet
    BIOtechMASS Unit, Biotechnology Laboratory, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens.
    Mamma, Diomi
    BIOtechMASS Unit, Biotechnology Laboratory, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens.
    Villas-Boâs, Silas G
    Centre for Microbial Innovation, School of Biological Sciences, The University of Auckland.
    Hatzinikolaou, Dimitris
    Microbial Biotechnology Unit, Sector of Botany, Department of Biology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens.
    Christakopoulos, Paul
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Constitutive homologous expression of phosphoglucomutase and transaldolase increases the metabolic flux of Fusarium oxysporum2014Inngår i: Microbial Cell Factories, ISSN 1475-2859, E-ISSN 1475-2859, Vol. 13, 43Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Fusarium oxysporum is among the few filamentous fungi that have been reported of being able to directly ferment biomass to ethanol in a consolidated bioprocess. Understanding its metabolic pathways and their limitations can provide some insights on the genetic modifications required to enhance its growth and subsequent fermentation capability. In this study, we investigated the hypothesis reported previously that phosphoglucomutase and transaldolase are metabolic bottlenecks in the glycolysis and pentose phosphate pathway of the F. oxysporum metabolism.RESULTS: Both enzymes were homologously overexpressed in F. oxysporum F3 using the gpdA promoter of Aspergillus nidulans for constitutive expression. Transformants were screened for their phosphoglucomutase and transaldolase genes expression levels with northern blot. The selected transformant exhibited high mRNA levels for both genes, as well as higher specific activities of the corresponding enzymes, compared to the wild type. It also displayed more than 20 and 15% higher specific growth rate upon aerobic growth on glucose and xylose, respectively, as carbon sources and 30% higher xylose to biomass yield. The determination of the relative intracellular amino and non-amino organic acid concentrations at the end of growth revealed higher abundance of most determined metabolites between 1.5- and 3-times in the recombinant strain compared to the wild type. Lower abundance of the determined metabolites of the Krebs cycle and an 68-fold more glutamate were observed at the end of the cultivation, when xylose was used as carbon source.CONCLUSIONS: Homologous overexpression of phosphoglucomutase and transaldolase in F. oxysporum was shown to enhance the growth characteristics of the strain in both xylose and glucose in aerobic conditions. The intracellular metabolites profile indicated how the changes in the metabolome could have resulted in the observed growth characteristics.

  • 9.
    Anderson, Mattias
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för bioteknologi (BIO), Industriell bioteknologi.
    Afewerki, Samson
    Berglund, Per
    KTH, Skolan för bioteknologi (BIO), Industriell bioteknologi.
    Cõrdova, Armando
    Total Synthesis of Capsaicin Analogues from Lignin-Derived Compounds by Combined Heterogeneous Metal, Organocatalytic and Enzymatic Cascades in One Pot2014Inngår i: Advanced Synthesis and Catalysis, ISSN 1615-4150, E-ISSN 1615-4169, Vol. 356, nr 9, 2113-2118 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The total synthesis of capsaicin analogues was performed in one pot, starting from compounds that can be derived from lignin. Heterogeneous palladium nanoparticles were used to oxidise alcohols to aldehydes, which were further converted to amines by an enzyme cascade system, including an amine transaminase. It was shown that the palladium catalyst and the enzyme cascade system could be successfully combined in the same pot for conversion of alcohols to amines without any purification of intermediates. The intermediate vanillyl-amine, prepared with the enzyme cascade system, could be further converted to capsaicin analogues without any purification using either fatty acids and a lipase, or Schotten-Baumann conditions, in the same pot. An aldol compound (a simple lignin model) could also be used as starting material for the synthesis of capsaicin analogues. Using l-alanine as organocatalyst, vanillin could be obtained by a retro-aldol reaction. This could be combined with the enzyme cascade system to convert the aldol compound to vanillylamine in a one-step one-pot reaction.

  • 10. Andersson, Christian
    Biobased production of succinic acid by Escherichia coli fermentation2009Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The prospects of peak oil, climate change and the dependency of fossil carbon have urged research and development of production methods for the manufacture of fuels and chemicals from renewable resources (biomass). The present thesis illustrates different aspects of biobased succinic acid production by a metabolically engineered E. coli strain. The main areas of the thesis are sugar utilisation and feedstock flexibility, and fermentation inhibition, both due to toxic compound derived from the raw material and the fermentation products themselves.The first part of this thesis aimed to investigate the fermentation characteristics of AFP184 in a medium consisting of corn steep liquor, inorganic salts and different sugar sources without supplementation with high-cost nutrients such as yeast extract and peptone. The effects of different sugars, sucrose, glucose, fructose, xylose, equal mixtures of glucose-fructose and glucose-xylose, on succinic acid production kinetics and yields in an industrially relevant medium were investigated. AFP184 was able to utilise all sugars and sugar combinations except sucrose for biomass generation and succinate production. Using glucose resulted in the highest yield, 0.83 (g succinic acid per g sugar consumed anaerobically). Using a high initial sugar concentration resulted in volumetric productivities of almost 3 g L-1 h-1, which is above estimated values for economically feasible production. However, succinic acid production ceased at final concentrations greater than 40 g L-1. To further increase succinic acid concentrations, fermentations using NH4OH, NaOH, KOH, K2CO3, and Na2CO3 as neutralising agents were performed and compared. It was shown that substantial improvements could be made by using alkali bases to neutralise the fermentations. The highest concentrations and productivities were achieved when Na2CO3 was used, 77 g L-1 and 3 g L-1 h-1 respectively. A gradual decrease in succinate productivity was observed during the fermentations, which was shown to be due to succinate accumulation in the broth and not as a result of the addition of neutralising agent or the subsequent increase in osmolarity.To maintain high succinate productivity by keeping a low extracellular succinic acid concentration fermentations were interrupted and cells recovered and resuspended in fresh media. By removing the succinate it was possible to maintain high succinic acid productivity for a prolonged time. Cells subjected to high concentrations of succinate were also able to regain high productivity once transferred into a succinate-free medium.In the last part of the thesis succinic acid production from softwood dilute acid hydrolysates was demonstrated. This study involved establishing the degree of detoxification necessary for growth and fermentation using industrial hydrolysates. Detoxification by treatment with lime and/or activated carbon was investigated and the results show that it was possible to produce succinate from softwood hydrolysates in yields comparable to those for synthetic sugars.The work done in this thesis increases the understanding of succinic acid production with AFP184, illustrate its limitations, and suggests improvements in the current technology with the long term aim of increasing the economical feasibility of biochemical succinic acid production.

  • 11. Andersson, Christian
    Succinic acid production using metabolically engineered Escherichia coli2007Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The prospects of peak oil, climate change and the dependency of fossil carbon have urged research and development of production methods for the manufacture of fuels and chemicals from renewable resources (biomass). To date, the primary emphasis has been placed on the replacement of oil for transportation fuels. A highly significant subset of petroleum usage is the production of chemicals, which represents 10-15% of the petroleum usage. White biotechnology, also called industrial biotechnology, is a fast evolving technology with a large potential to have a substantial impact on the industrial production of fuels and chemicals from biomass. This work addresses the issue of chemical production by investigating the production of bio-based succinic acid, which can be used in a wide range of applications to replace petroleum based chemicals. Succinic acid can be produced by fermentation of sugar by a number of organisms; one is Escherichia coli (E. coli). It is known that E. coli under anaerobic conditions produces a mixture of organic acids. In order to obtain a cost-effective production it is necessary to metabolically engineer the organism to produce succinic acid in greater yield than the other acids. In the current work, E. coli mutant AFP184 was used. AFP184 originates from a near wild type strain, the C600 (ATCC 23724), which can ferment both five and six carbon sugars and has mutations in the glucose specific phosphotransferase system (ptsG), the pyruvate formate lyase system (pfl) and in the fermentative lactate dehydrogenase system (ldh). The previous studies using different organisms have all used cultivation mediums supplemented to some degree with different nutrients like biotin, thiamine and yeast extract. In order to apply the technology to large scale, production must be cost-effective and it is important to minimise the use of additional supplements. The first part of this work aimed to investigate the fermentation characteristics of AFP184 in a medium consisting of corn steep liquor, inorganic salts and different sugar sources without supplementation of other additional nutrients. It addresses questions regarding the effect of different sugars on succinic acid kinetics and yields in an industrially relevant medium. In order to gain a sustainable production of succinic acid from biomass feedstocks (sugar from biomass) it is important to investigate how well the organism can utilise different sugars in the biomass. The sugars studied were sucrose, glucose, fructose, xylose and equal mixtures of glucose-fructose and glucose-xylose at a total initial sugar concentration of 100 g L-1. AFP184 was able to utilise all sugars and sugar combinations except sucrose for biomass generation and succinate production. Using glucose resulted in the highest yield, 0.83 (g succinic acid per g sugar consumed anaerobically). Fructose resulted in a yield of 0.66 and xylose of 0.5. Using a high initial sugar concentration made it possible to obtain volumetric productivities of almost 3 g L-1h-1, which is above estimated values for feasible economic production. Succinic acid production ceased at final concentrations greater than 40 g L-1. In order to further increase succinic acid concentrations, this inhibitory effect was studied in the second part of the present work. The inhibitory effects can be two-fold including pH-based inhibition and an anion specific effect on metabolism. It has been reported that high concentrations of ammonia inhibit E. coli growth and damage cell membranes. In order to limit toxic and inhibitory effects different neutralising agents were tested. First the use of NH4OH was optimised with respect to fermentation pH and it was found that the best results were obtained at pH 6.5-6.7. Optimal pH was then used with NaOH, KOH, and Na2CO3 as neutralising agents and it was shown that NaOH, KOH, and Na2CO3 neutralised fermentations could reach succinic acid concentrations of 69 and 61 and 78 g L-1 respectively without any significant decrease in succinic acid productivity. It was observed that cells lost viability during the cause anaerobic phase. It resulted in decreasing succinic acid productivities. It is believed that the viability decrease is a combined effect of organic acids concentration and the osmolarity of the medium. The work done in this thesis is aimed towards increasing the economical feasibility of a biochemical succinic acid production.

  • 12. Andersson, Christian
    et al.
    Helmerius, Jonas
    Berglund, Kris
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Rova, Ulrika
    Effects of neutralising agent, organic acids, and osmolarity on succinic acid production by Escherichia coli AFP1842008Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a low-cost medium Escherichia coli AFP184 has previously been reported to produce succinic acid with volumetric productivities close to 3 g L-1 h-1. At a total organic acid concentration of 30 g L-1 the productivity decreased drastically resulting in final succinate concentrations of 40 g L-1. The economical viability of biochemical succinic acid production would benefit from higher final succinic acid concentrations and volumetric productivities maintained at >2.5 g L-1 h-1 for an extended period of time. In the present work the effects of osmolarity and neutralising agent (NH4OH, KOH, NaOH, K2CO3, and Na2CO3) on succinic acid production by AFP184 were investigated. Highest concentration of succinic acid was obtained with Na2CO3, 75 g L-1. It was also found that the osmolarity resulting from succinate production and subsequent base addition, only marginally affected the productivity per viable cell. Organic acid inhibition due to the produced succinic acid on the other hand significantly reduced succinic acid productivity per viable cell. When using NH4OH productivity completely ceased at approximately 40 g L-1. Volumetric productivities remained at 2.5 g L-1 h-1 for 5 to 10 hours longer when using K- or Na-bases than when using NH4OH. However, loss of cell viability occurred, and together with the acid inhibition decreased the volumetric productivities. In this study it was demonstrated that by altering the neutralising agent it was possible to increase the period of high volumetric productivity in the anaerobic phase and improve the final succinic acid concentration by almost 100 %

  • 13. Andersson, Christian
    et al.
    Helmerius, Jonas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Hodge, David
    Berglund, Kris
    Rova, Ulrika
    Inhibition of succinic acid production in metabolically engineered Escherichia Coli by neutralizing agent, organic acids, and osmolarity2009Inngår i: Biotechnology progress (Print), ISSN 8756-7938, E-ISSN 1520-6033, Vol. 25, nr 1, 116-123 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The economical viability of biochemical succinic acid production is a result of many processing parameters including final succinic acid concentration, recovery of succinate, and the volumetric productivity. Maintaining volumetric productivities >2.5 g L-1 h(-1) is important if production of succinic acid from. renewable resources should be competitive. In this work, the effects of organic acids, osmolarity, and neutralizing agent (NH4OH, KOH, NaOH, K2CO3, and Na2CO3) on the fermentative succinic acid production by Escherichia coli AFP184 were investigated. The highest concentration of succinic acid, 77 g L-1. was obtained with Na2O3. In general, irrespective of the base used, succinic acid productivity per viable cell was significantly reduced as the concentration of the produced acid increased. Increased osmolarity resulting from base addition during succinate production only marginally affected the productivity per viable cell. Addition of the osmoprotectant glycine betaine to cultures resulted in an increased aerobic growth rate and anaerobic glucose consumption rate, but decreased succinic acid yield. When using NH4OH productivity completely ceased at a succinic acid concentration of similar to 40 g L-1. Volumetric productivities remained at 2.5 g L-1 h(-1) for tip to 10 h longer when K- or Na-bases where used instead of NH4OH. The decrease in cellular succinic acid productivity observed during the anaerobic phase was found to be due to increased organic acid concentrations rather than medium osmolarity.

  • 14. Andersson, Christian
    et al.
    Hodge, David
    Berglund, Kris
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Rova, Ulrika
    Effect of different carbon sources on the production of succinic acid using metabolically engineered Escherichia coli2007Inngår i: Biotechnology progress (Print), ISSN 8756-7938, E-ISSN 1520-6033, Vol. 23, nr 2, 381-388 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Succinic acid (SA) is an important platform molecule in the synthesis of a number of commodity and specialty chemicals. In the present work, dual-phase batch fermentations with the E. coli strain AFP184 were performed using a medium suited for large-scale industrial production of SA. The ability of the strain to ferment different sugars was investigated. The sugars studied were sucrose, glucose, fructose, xylose, and equal mixtures of glucose and fructose and glucose and xylose at a total initial sugar concentration of 100 g L-1. AFP184 was able to utilize all sugars and sugar combinations except sucrose for biomass generation and succinate production. For sucrose as a substrate no succinic acid was produced and none of the sucrose was metabolized. The succinic acid yield from glucose (0.83 g succinic acid per gram glucose consumed anaerobically) was higher than the yield from fructose (0.66 g g-1). When using xylose as a carbon source, a yield of 0.50 g g-1 was obtained. In the mixed-sugar fermentations no catabolite repression was detected. Mixtures of glucose and xylose resulted in higher yields (0.60 g g-1) than use of xylose alone. Fermenting glucose mixed with fructose gave a lower yield (0.58 g g-1) than fructose used as the sole carbon source. The reason is an increased pyruvate production. The pyruvate concentration decreased later in the fermentation. Final succinic acid concentrations were in the range of 25-40 g L-1. Acetic and pyruvic acid were the only other products detected and accumulated to concentrations of 2.7-6.7 and 0-2.7 g L-1. Production of succinic acid decreased when organic acid concentrations reached approximately 30 g L-1. This study demonstrates that E. coli strain AFP184 is able to produce succinic acid in a low cost medium from a variety of sugars with only small amounts of byproducts formed.

  • 15. Andersson, Christian
    et al.
    Lundberg, Angela
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geovetenskap och miljöteknik.
    Distribution of snow cover accumulation: airborne ground penetrating radar surveys2002Inngår i: Proceedings of the XXII Nordic Hydrological Conference / [ed] Å. Killingtveit, 2002, 517-526 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 16. Andersson, Christian
    et al.
    Petrova, Ekaterina
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Berglund, Kris
    Rova, Ulrika
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Maintaining high anaerobic succinic acid productivity by product removal2010Inngår i: Bioprocess and biosystems engineering (Print), ISSN 1615-7591, E-ISSN 1615-7605, Vol. 33, nr 6, 711-718 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    During dual-phase fermentations using Escherichia coli engineered for succinic acid production, the productivity and viable cell concentration decrease as the concentration of succinic acid increases. The effects of succinic acid on the fermentation kinetics, yield, and cell viability were investigated by resuspending cells in fresh media after selected fermentation times. The cellular succinic acid productivity could be restored, but cell viability continuously decreased throughout the fermentations by up to 80% and subsequently the volumetric productivity was reduced. Omitting complex nutrients in the resuspension media had no significant effect on cellular succinate productivity and yield, although the viable cell concentration and thus the volumetric productivity was reduced by approximately 20%. By resuspending the cells, the amount of succinate produced during a 100-h fermentation was increased by more than 60%. The results demonstrate that by product removal succinic acid productivity can be maintained at high levels for extended periods of time.

  • 17.
    Andersson, Christian
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Rova, Ulrika
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Berglund, Kris
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Process for producing succinic acid from sucrosePatent (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    A process for hydrolyzing sucrose to glucose and fructose using succinic acid is described. The hydrolysate can be used to produce purified glucose and/or fructose or can be used as a carbon source for fermentations to produce various chemicals including succinic acid.

  • 18.
    Andersson, Klara
    KTH, Skolan för bioteknologi (BIO).
    Development of a shake flask method suitable for effective screening of Escherichia coli expression constructs2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Screening of expression constructs suitable for protein pharmaceuticals is often done in batch cultivations. But the production of the recombinant protein is made during fed-batch cultivations. The two types of cultivations are different and therefore may good expression constructs that grow poorly in batch cultivations but good in fed-batch cultivations be rejected. Therefore would it be desirable to develop a fed-batch method that can be used in shake flasks. Biosilta has developed a method where starch is broken down into glucose by an enzyme creating fed-batch conditions. This method has been tried out and analyzed during this project. It is shown that the cells grown under these conditions can be glucose limited. However, at a later stage of the cultivation the cells produce a large amount of acetate and pH is not stable. The system builds on a booster tablet which content is unknown. If the booster is not added to the cultivations the cells stop growing, this indicates that there is some other limitation than just glucose. It is also seen that the amount of protein that is produced during this fed-batch mimic cultivation is much lower than that is produced during normal batch cultivations. I would therefore not recommend EnBase as a screening method.

  • 19.
    Andraous, Johnny I.
    et al.
    Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Michigan State University, East Lansing.
    Claus, Michael J
    Department of Agricultural Engineering, Michigan State University.
    Berglund, Kris
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Lindemann, Deirdre J.
    Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University.
    Effect of liquefaction enzymes on methanol concentration of distilled fruit spirits2004Inngår i: American Journal of Enology and Viticulture, ISSN 0002-9254, E-ISSN 1943-7749, Vol. 55, nr 2, 199-201 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Liquefaction enzymes are often used during fermentation of fruit mashes to improve the yield of ethanol and the ability to pump the mash. The liquefaction enzymes hydrolyze pectin, but in addition to the desired pectin hydrolysis activity, the enzymes also have pectinesterase activity which hydrolyzes the methyl ester in pectin resulting in methanol formation. Fermentations of various apple varieties and Bartlett pears were conducted using liquefaction enzymes. The resulting distilled products contained concentrations of methanol above the legal limit of 280 mg/100 mL of 40% ethanol, with the observed methanol concentrations in a range between 320 and 656 mg/100 mL of 40% ethanol. In contrast to the undesired increase in methanol concentration, the enzymes provide only a marginal increase in ethanol yield. The results indicate that liquefaction enzymes should be used with caution for pomace fruit and that methanol monitoring should be implemented if these enzymes are used for commercial products.

  • 20.
    Antonopoulou, Io
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Leonov, Laura
    DuPont Industrial Biosciences.
    Jûtten, Peter
    Taros Chemicals GmbH & Co.
    Cerullo, Gabriella
    Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples "Federico II".
    Faraco, Vincenza
    Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples "Federico II".
    Papadopoulou, Adamantia
    Institute of Biosciences and Applications NCSR "Demokritos," Laboratory of Cell Proliferation and Aging.
    Kletsas, Dimitris
    Institute of Biosciences and Applications NCSR "Demokritos," Laboratory of Cell Proliferation and Aging.
    Ralli, Marianna
    Korres Natural Products.
    Rova, Ulrika
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Christakopoulos, Paul
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Optimized synthesis of novel prenyl ferulate performed by feruloyl esterases from Myceliophthora thermophila in microemulsions2017Inngår i: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, ISSN 0175-7598, E-ISSN 1432-0614, Vol. 101, nr 8, 3213-3226 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Five feruloyl esterases (FAEs; EC 3.1.1.73), FaeA1, FaeA2, FaeB1, and FaeB2 from Myceliophthora thermophila C1 and MtFae1a from M. thermophila ATCC 42464, were tested for their ability to catalyze the transesterification of vinyl ferulate (VFA) with prenol in detergentless microemulsions. Reaction conditions were optimized investigating parameters such as the medium composition, the substrate concentration, the enzyme load, the pH, the temperature, and agitation. FaeB2 offered the highest transesterification yield (71.5 ± 0.2%) after 24 h of incubation at 30 °C using 60 mM VFA, 1 M prenol, and 0.02 mg FAE/mL in a mixture comprising of 53.4:43.4:3.2 v/v/v n-hexane:t-butanol:100 mM MOPS-NaOH, pH 6.0. At these conditions, the competitive side hydrolysis of VFA was 4.7-fold minimized. The ability of prenyl ferulate (PFA) and its corresponding ferulic acid (FA) to scavenge 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals was significant and similar (IC50 423.39 μM for PFA, 329.9 μM for FA). PFA was not cytotoxic at 0.8–100 μM (IC50 220.23 μM) and reduced intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) in human skin fibroblasts at concentrations ranging between 4 and 20 μM as determined with the dichloro-dihydro-fluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) assay.

  • 21.
    Antonopoulou, Io
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Varriale, Simona
    Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples "Federico II".
    Topakas, Evangelos
    National Technical University of Athens, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Biotechnology Laboratory, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens.
    Rova, Ulrika
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Christakopoulos, Paul
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Faraco, Voncenza
    Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples "Federico II".
    Enzymatic synthesis of bioactive compounds with high potential for cosmeceutical application2016Inngår i: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, ISSN 0175-7598, E-ISSN 1432-0614, Vol. 100, nr 15, 6519-6543 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Cosmeceuticals are cosmetic products containing biologically active ingredients purporting to offer a pharmaceutical therapeutic benefit. The active ingredients can be extracted and purified from natural sources (botanicals, herbal extracts, or animals) but can also be obtained biotechnologically by fermentation and cell cultures or by enzymatic synthesis and modification of natural compounds. A cosmeceutical ingredient should possess an attractive property such as anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, skin whitening, anti-aging, anti-wrinkling, or photoprotective activity, among others. During the past years, there has been an increased interest on the enzymatic synthesis of bioactive esters and glycosides based on (trans)esterification, (trans)glycosylation, or oxidation reactions. Natural bioactive compounds with exceptional theurapeutic properties and low toxicity may offer a new insight into the design and development of potent and beneficial cosmetics. This review gives an overview of the enzymatic modifications which are performed currently for the synthesis of products with attractive properties for the cosmeceutical industry

  • 22.
    Arnau, Laurent
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE).
    Techno-Economic Feasibility Study for the Production of Microalgae Based Plant Biostimulant2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Microalgae are considered as a potential feedstock for many promising applications. Some active substances in microalgae have plant biostimulation effects potentially useful in agriculture. However, to produce such a microalgal biomass, specific microalgae cultivation and post-treatment processes must be designed to preserve active substances. A particular focus is provided on cultivation (tubular photobioreactor) and different plausible post-treatment scenarios for microalgae separation (flocculation and centrifugation) and preservation (sterilization and drying). For each step, yield and energy consumption are modeled using data taken from literature or lab and pilot scale experiments. Industrial equipment for scale-up process is also studied by comparing existing systems. These models enable to make an economic evaluation of the whole process and to study its profitability for each scenario. The breakeven price is calculated as a function of the production rate. Several parameters are suggested to improve system efficiency and profitability at the end of this study. However, a better microalgae characterization and more experiments on potential post-treatment systems are required to improve the accuracy of the model.

  • 23.
    Bansal, Namita
    et al.
    DOE-Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, Michigan State University, East Lansing.
    Bhalla, Aditya
    DOE-Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, Michigan State University, East Lansing.
    Pattathil, Sivakumar
    University of Georgia, Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, University of Georgia, Athens, GA.
    Adelman, Sara L.
    DOE-Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, Michigan State University, East Lansing.
    Hahn, Michael G
    University of Georgia, Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, University of Georgia, Athens, GA.
    Hodge, David
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Hegg, Eric L.
    Michigan State University, DOE-Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison.
    Cell wall-associated transition metals improve alkaline-oxidative pretreatment in diverse hardwoods2016Inngår i: Green Chemistry, ISSN 1463-9262, E-ISSN 1463-9270, Vol. 18, nr 5, 1405-1415 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The responses of four diverse hardwoods (hybrid poplar, silver birch, hybrid aspen, and sugar maple) to alkaline hydrogen peroxide (AHP) pretreated at ambient temperature and pressure were analyzed to gain a deeper understanding of the cell wall properties that contribute to differences in enzymatic hydrolysis efficacy following alkaline-oxidative pretreatment. The enzymatic hydrolysis yields of these diverse hardwoods increased significantly with increasing the cell wall-associated, redox-active transition metal content. These increases in hydrolysis yields were directly correlated with improved delignification. Furthermore, we demonstrated that these improvements in hydrolysis yields could be achieved either through elevated levels of naturally-occurring metals, namely Cu, Fe, and Mn, or by the addition of a homogeneous transition metal catalyst (e.g. Cu 2,2′-bipyridine complexes) capable of penetrating into the cell wall matrix. Removal of naturally-occurring cell wall-associated transition metals by chelation resulted in substantial decreases in the hydrolysis yields following AHP pretreatment, while re-addition of metals in the form of Cu 2,2′-bipyridine complexes and to a limited extent Fe 2,2′-bipyridine complexes prior to pretreatment restored the improved hydrolysis yields. Glycome profiles showed improved extractability of xylan, xyloglucan, and pectin epitopes with increasing hydrolysis yields for the diverse hardwoods subjected to the alkaline-oxidative pretreatment, demonstrating that the strength of association between cell wall matrix polymers decreased as a consequence of improved delignification

  • 24.
    Bauer, Fredric
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Berglund, Kris
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Hulteberg, Christian
    Lund University.
    Lundgren, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Energivetenskap.
    Mesfun, Sennai
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Energivetenskap.
    Nilsson, Robert
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Rova, Ulrika
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Wännström, Sune
    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden.
    Comparative system analysis of carbon preserving fermentations for biofuels production2013Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 25.
    Behravan, Gity
    et al.
    Umeå universitet.
    Sen, Srikanta
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Rova, Ulrika
    Thelander, Lars
    Umeå universitet.
    Eckstein, Fritz
    Max-Planck-Institut fur Experimentelle Medizin.
    Gräslund, Astrid
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Formation of a free radical of the sulfenylimine type in the mouse ribonucleotide reductase reaction with 2'-azido-2'-deoxycytidine 5'-diphosphate1995Inngår i: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, Gene Structure and Expression, ISSN 0167-4781, E-ISSN 1879-2634, Vol. 1264, nr 3, 323-329 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Mouse and Escherichia coli ribonucleotide reductases (RR) both belong to the same class of RR, where the enzyme consists of two non-identical subunits, proteins R1 and R2. A transient free radical was observed by EPR spectroscopy in the mouse RR reaction with the suicidal inhibitor 2′-azido-2′-deoxycytidine 5′-diphosphate. The detailed hyperfine structure of the EPR spectrum of the transient radical is somewhat different for the mouse and previously studied E. coli enzymes. When the positive allosteric effector ATP was replaced by the negative effector dATP, no transient radical was observed, showing that ‘normal' binding of the inhibitor to the substrate binding site is required. Using the mouse protein R2 mutants W 103Y and D266A, where the mutations have been shown to specifically block long range electron transfer between the active site of the R1 protein to the iron/radical site in protein R2, no evidence of transient radical was found. Taken together, the data suggest that the radical is located at the active site in protein R1, and is probably of the sulfenylimine type

  • 26.
    Berglund, Kris
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Succinic acid from xylan: fermentations using mixed sugar feedstocks2008Inngår i: NWBC 2008: 2008 Nordic Wood Biorefinery conference : 11-14 March, 2008 : City Conference Centre, Stockholm, Sweden : proceedings, Stockholm: STFI-Packforsk , 2008, 121-124 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The next generation of cost effective, economically viable biorefinery scenarios requires the development and deployment of higher valued added products whose production can be integrated into a forest biorefinery. We present preliminary results for the production of one such product, succinic acid, from mixed sugars streams including glucose and xylose, as would be present from the hydrolysis of xylan. Examples are presented for the base laboratory case, softwood hydrolysis streams, and hardwood extracts

  • 27.
    Berglund, Kris
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Andersson, Christian
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Rova, Ulrika
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Process for the production of succinic acidPatent (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    A process for the production of succinic acid can comprise supplying a media with E. coli AFP 184 and a high sugar concentration under aerobic conditions, then converting the media to aerobic conditions. Such a process can be useful when performed in conjunction with the production of ethanol in a biorefmery .

  • 28.
    Berglund, Kris
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Falcon, Javier A
    Departments of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering & Materials Science and Agricultural Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan.
    In situ monitoring of antisolvent addition crystallization with principal components analysis of Raman spectra2004Inngår i: Crystal Growth & Design, ISSN 1528-7483, E-ISSN 1528-7505, Vol. 4, nr 3, 457-463 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Fiber optic Raman spectroscopy was used for in situ monitoring of antisolvent addition crystallization of progesterone. Raman spectral features of the solute and the antisolvent were subjected to principal components analysis (PCA) to attempt to obtain information that is not readily apparent from the raw spectral data. For the system utilized, PCA was able to distinguish spectral features from the solute in solution, the solute crystals, and the antisolvent. Furthermore, PCA was capable of detecting subtle changes in the spectral data (as the addition of antisolvent progressed) that could be used as a warning for the onset of crystallization. The current study demonstrates the advantages that can be gained by combining PCA with Raman spectroscopy for monitoring crystallizations in situ.

  • 29. Berglund, Kris
    et al.
    Larson, M.A.
    Iowa State University.
    Modeling of growth rate dispersion of citric acid monohydrate in continuous crystallizers1984Inngår i: AIChE Journal, ISSN 0001-1541, E-ISSN 1547-5905, Vol. 30, nr 2, 280-287 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A mathematical model for prediction of the crystal size distribution from a continuous crystallizer is presented. The kinetic data used for the model were obtained from batch contact nucleation experiments with citric acid monohydrate. In these experiments, the distribution of growth rates as well as the initial size distribution were estimated. Results from the model indicate that the excess number of crystals usually present at small sizes in continuous crystallizers is due to growth rate dispersion (where crystals of the same size may have different growth rates) and not size dependent growth.

  • 30. Berglund, Kris
    et al.
    Larson, Maurice A.
    Growth of contact nuclei of citric acid monohydrate1982Inngår i: Nucleation, growth, and impurity effects in crystallization process engineering / [ed] Mary Anne Farrell Epstein, American Institute of Chemical Engineers, 1982, 9-13 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 31.
    Berglund, Kris
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Rova, Ulrika
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Fermentative Upgrading of Xylose2009Inngår i: NWBC-2009: The 2nd Nordic wood biorefinery conference : Finlandia Hall, Helsinki, Finland, September 2-4, 2009 : Proceedings-Posters / [ed] Annemari Kuokka-Ihalainen., Helsinki: KCL Re-inventing paper , 2009Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Chemical pulp mills such as Kraft, soda, or sulfite mills are current examples of biorefineries that can convert lignocellulosic biomass into energy, pulp or cellulose derivatives, and tall oil.  While existing viscose pulps use a hemicellulose extraction to generate soluble sugars for ethanol production, in general there still exists a large potential for other more profitable applications of the biomass (Fig. 1), i.e. the mill needs to present a widespread product portfolio.  The biofuels under development from fermentation that will be discussed are the diesel fuel oxygenates dibutyl succinate and diethyl succinate to be used for reduced particulate emissions and fossil fuel replacement for diesel engines and butanol for Otto engines.  It's important to stress that succinic acid, butanol and ethanol, needed for the production of the diesel additives and gasoline replacement will be produced from renewable resources and hence replacing products currently produced from non-renewable fossil sources.  Since wood will be used, there will be no issue of competing with raw material used for food production.  Besides biofuel production, succinic acid and butanol, can be used directly or further refined into numerous different products classified as green chemicals.

  • 32.
    Berglund, Kris
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Rova, Ulrika
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Hodge, David
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Fermentation-Based Building Blocks for Renewable Resource-Based Surfactants2010Inngår i: Surfactants from renewable resources, Chichester: John Wiley & Sons Ltd , 2010, 127-141 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    'new' top-ranked building blocks; Citric acid recovery from fermentation broths and CaCO3 precipitation; Citric, acetic and lactic acid - top three industrial carboxylic acids; Fermentation-based building blocks for renewable resource-based surfactants; Fermentation-based building blocks for surfactants; Filamentous fungi, Aspergillus niger and Candida yeast strains; New fermentation-based building blocks; Organic acid metabolites - as hydrophilic moiety; Sulfonates - largest market share of anionic surfactants; Sulfosuccinate class of surfactants

  • 33.
    Bhalla, Aditya
    et al.
    DOE-Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, Michigan State University, East Lansing.
    Bansal, Namita
    DOE-Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, Michigan State University, East Lansing.
    Stoklosa, Ryan J.
    Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Michigan State University, East Lansing, DOE-Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, Michigan State University, East Lansing.
    Fountain, Mackenzie
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing.
    Ralph, John P.
    DOE-Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison.
    Hodge, David
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.
    Hegg, Eric L.
    Michigan State University, DOE-Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, Michigan State University, East Lansing.
    Effective alkaline metal-catalyzed oxidative delignification of hybrid poplar2016Inngår i: Biotechnology for Biofuels, ISSN 1754-6834, E-ISSN 1754-6834, Vol. 9, 34Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BackgroundStrategies to improve copper-catalyzed alkaline hydrogen peroxide (Cu-AHP) pretreatment of hybrid poplar were investigated. These improvements included a combination of increasing hydrolysis yields, while simultaneously decreasing process inputs through (i) more efficient utilization of H2O2 and (ii) the addition of an alkaline extraction step prior to the metal-catalyzed AHP pretreatment. We hypothesized that utilizing this improved process could substantially lower the chemical inputs needed during pretreatment.ResultsHybrid poplar was pretreated utilizing a modified process in which an alkaline extraction step was incorporated prior to the Cu-AHP treatment step and H2O2 was added batch-wise over the course of 10 h. Our results revealed that the alkaline pre-extraction step improved both lignin and xylan solubilization, which ultimately led to improved glucose (86 %) and xylose (95 %) yields following enzymatic hydrolysis. An increase in the lignin solubilization was also observed with fed-batch H2O2 addition relative to batch-only addition, which again resulted in increased glucose and xylose yields (77 and 93 % versus 63 and 74 %, respectively). Importantly, combining these strategies led to significantly improved sugar yields (96 % glucose and 94 % xylose) following enzymatic hydrolysis. In addition, we found that we could substantially lower the chemical inputs (enzyme, H2O2, and catalyst), while still maintaining high product yields utilizing the improved Cu-AHP process. This pretreatment also provided a relatively pure lignin stream consisting of ≥90 % Klason lignin and only 3 % xylan and 2 % ash following precipitation. Two-dimensional heteronuclear single-quantum coherence (2D HSQC) NMR and size-exclusion chromatography demonstrated that the solubilized lignin was high molecular weight (Mw ≈ 22,000 Da) and only slightly oxidized relative to lignin from untreated poplar.ConclusionsThis study demonstrated that the fed-batch, two-stage Cu-AHP pretreatment process was effective in pretreating hybrid poplar for its conversion into fermentable sugars. Results showed sugar yields near the theoretical maximum were achieved from enzymatically hydrolyzed hybrid poplar by incorporating an alkaline extraction step prior to pretreatment and by efficiently utilizing H2O2 during the Cu-AHP process. Significantly, this study reports high sugar yields from woody biomass treated with an AHP pretreatment under mild reaction conditions.

  • 34.
    Blomqvist, Johanna
    et al.
    Department of Microbiology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Eberhard, Thomas
    Department of Microbiology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Schnürer, Johan
    Department of Microbiology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Uppsala, Sweden.
    Passoth, Volkmar
    Department of Microbiology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Fermentation characteristics of Dekkera bruxellensis strains2010Inngår i: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, ISSN 0175-7598, E-ISSN 1432-0614, Vol. 87, nr 4, 1487-1497 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The influence of pH, temperature and carbon source (glucose and maltose) on growth rate and ethanol yield of Dekkera bruxellensis was investigated using a full-factorial design. Growth rate and ethanol yield were lower on maltose than on glucose. In controlled oxygen-limited batch cultivations, the ethanol yield of the different combinations varied from 0.42 to 0.45 g (g glucose)(-1) and growth rates varied from 0.037 to 0.050 h(-1). The effect of temperature on growth rate and ethanol yield was negligible. It was not possible to model neither growth rate nor ethanol yield from the full-factorial design, as only marginal differences were observed in the conditions tested. When comparing three D. bruxellensis strains and two industrial isolates of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, S. cerevisiae grew five times faster, but the ethanol yields were 0-13% lower. The glycerol yields of S. cerevisiae strains were up to six-fold higher compared to D. bruxellensis, and the biomass yields reached only 72-84% of D. bruxellensis. Our results demonstrate that D. bruxellensis is robust to large changes in pH and temperature and may have a more energy-efficient metabolism under oxygen limitation than S. cerevisiae.

  • 35.
    Bonturi, Nemailla
    et al.
    Department of Materials and Bioprocess Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, State University of Campinas.
    Matsakas, Leonidas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Nilsson, Robert
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Christakopoulos, Paul
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Miranda, Everson Alves
    Department of Materials and Bioprocess Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, State University of Campinas.
    Berglund, Kris
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Rova, Ulrika
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Single Cell Oil Producing Yeasts Lipomyces starkeyi and Rhodosporidium toruloides: Selection of Extraction Strategies and Biodiesel Property Prediction2015Inngår i: Energies, ISSN 1996-1073, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 8, nr 6, 5040-5052 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Single cell oils (SCOs) are considered potential raw material for the production of biodiesel. Rhodosporidium sp. and Lipomyces sp. are good candidates for SCO production. Lipid extractability differs according to yeast species and literature on the most suitable method for each oleaginous yeast species is scarce. This work aimed to investigate the efficiency of the most cited strategies for extracting lipids from intact and pretreated cells of Rhodosporidium toruloides and Lipomyces starkeyi. Lipid extractions were conducted using hexane or combinations of chloroform and methanol. The Folch method resulted in the highest lipid yields for both yeasts (42% for R. toruloides and 48% for L. starkeyi). Also, this method eliminates the cell pretreatment step. The Bligh and Dyer method underestimated the lipid content in the tested strains (25% for R. toruloides and 34% for L. starkeyi). Lipid extractability increased after acid pretreatment for the Pedersen, hexane, and Bligh and Dyer methods. For R. toruloides unexpected fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) composition were found for some lipid extraction strategies tested. Therefore, this work provides useful information for analytical and process development aiming at biodiesel production from the SCO of these two yeast species.

  • 36.
    Boström, Karin
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE).
    Tillförsel av jäst till SSF i industriell skala2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Användning av etanol som drivmedel och en efterfråga på gröna kemikalier driver utvecklingen av bioetanol framåt. Etanolpiloten, SEKAB, i Örnsköldsvik är en av få anläggningar i världen med kompetens och kunskap att producera bioetanol baserat på lignocellulosa. På senare tid har det dock uppstått problem vid etanolframställningen på grund av att en del jästodlingar blivit kontaminerade av bakterier vilket lett till ett sämre utbyte av biomassa och etanol. Det huvudsakliga syftet med detta examensarbete var att ta reda på orsaken till dessa misslyckade jästodlingar.

     

    Examensarbetet delades upp i två huvudsakliga problemområden. Förutom orsaken till de kontaminerade odlingarna studerades även funktionen hos en ny jäststam, Saccaromyces cerevisiae torrjäst, i syfte att undersöka om det finns bättre alternativ till den jäststam som används i etanopiloten i nuläget.

     

    En specialstudie av rengöringen av odlingstankar och ledningar i etanolpiloten utfördes i syfte att kartlägga var i utrustningen som infektionsrisken är som störst. Försöken påvisade att det huvudsakliga problemet kan lokaliseras till den största jästodlingstanken. Där befinner sig jästen under en längre tid i en miljö som är gynnsam för tillväxt av både jäst och bakterier. En annan orsak till de infekterade odlingarna är att rengöringen av utrustningen inte har skett på rätt sätt, samt att temperaturen hos tvättkemikalierna har varit för låg. En viktig slutsats är därför att bättre rutiner vid hanteringen av jästodlingsutrustningen samt att större noggrannhet i samband med rengöringen bör eftersträvas.

     

    En bidragande orsak till de infekterade odlingarna kan också härröra från uppodlingsprocessen av ympjäst som i dagens läge sker på laboratorium. Genom att använda en stam av S. cerevisiae som köps in i frystorkad form kan flera steg i jästodlingsprocessen elimineras. Det både förkortar odlingsprocessen och minskar infektionsrisken. S. cerevisiae torrjäst undersöktes både i laboratorium och i etanolpiloten. Tre olika odlingsskalor användes, skakflaskor (250 ml), labfermentorer (3 l) och pilotskala (10m3). Försöken påvisar höga utbyten av både biomassa och etanol. För att kunna hålla nere produktionskostnaderna för etanolframställningen är det viktigt att jästen som används går att odla på det hydrolysat som produceras vid förbehandlingen av råvaran. Försök i pilotskala visar på lovande resultat vid uppodling av S. cerevisiae torrjäst när hela 70 % av sockerkällan kommer från hydrolysat. Ytterligare utvärdering och optimering av odlingsprocessen samt en ekonomisk jämförelse mellan de tillgängliga jäststammarna krävs dock innan S. cerevisiae torrjäst eventuellt kan användas kontinuerligt i pilotskala. 

  • 37.
    Bowman, Lawrence E.
    et al.
    Michigan State University.
    Berglund, Kris
    Nocera, Daniel G.
    Michigan State University.
    A single photon timing instrument that covers a broad temporal range in the reversed timing configuration1993Inngår i: Review of Scientific Instruments, ISSN 0034-6748, E-ISSN 1089-7623, Vol. 64, nr 2, 338-341 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A versatile single-photon timing instrument based on the reversed timing configuration has been constructed. Unlike similar instruments, the apparatus described here is capable of recording a broad range of excited-state decay times owing to a switched fiber optic delay. This allows the user to readily collect time-resolved luminescence data over a variable time window in the reversed-timing configuration. With proper adjustment of the appropriate components, one can acquire a luminescence decay over a variable time range from less than 1 ns to nearly 1 μs. The full width at half-maximum of the instrument response function is 42 ps. The utility of a switched fiber optic delay is discussed and the device's construction is described.

  • 38.
    Cerreta, M.K.
    et al.
    Michigan State University.
    Berglund, Kris
    Contact nuclei formation in aqueous dextrose solutions1990Inngår i: Journal of Crystal Growth, ISSN 0022-0248, E-ISSN 1873-5002, Vol. 102, nr 4, 869-876 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A laser Raman microprobe was used in situ to observe the growth of alpha dextrose monohydrate on alpha anhydrous dextrose crystals. The Raman spectra indicate growth of the monohydrate below 28.1°C, but the presence of only the anhydrous form above 40.5°C. Contact nucleation experiments with parent anhydrous crystals yielded only monohydrate nuclei below 28.1°C, while contacts in solutions between 34.5 and 41.0°C produced both crystalline forms, and contacts in solutions above 43.5°C produced only anhydrous nuclei. The inability of the monohydrate to grow on anhydrous crystals in the same solution that forms the two crystalline phases with a single contact precludes a simple attrition mechanism of nuclei formation. For the same reason, the hypothetical mechanism involving parent crystal stabilization of pre-crystalline clusters, allowing the clusters to grow into nuclei, is also contradicted. A third, mechanism, which may be a combination of the two, is believed to apply.

  • 39.
    Cerreta, M.K.
    et al.
    Iowa State University.
    Berglund, Kris
    Raman spectroscopic studies of the structure of supersaturated ammonium dihydrogen phosphate solutions1984Inngår i: Industrial crystallization 84: proceedings of the 9th Symposium on industrial crystallization, the Hague, the Netherlands, September 25-28, 1984 / [ed] S.J. Jančić; E.J. de Jong, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1984, 233-236 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Raman spectroscopic studies of quiescent under and supersaturated ammonium dihydrogen phosphate (ADP) aqueous solutions were performed on the nu //1 (totally symmetric or breathing mode) and nu //3 (symmetric twist) H//2PO//4 OVER BAR bands as well as for the nu //1 band of solid ADP and solid diammonium hydrogen phosphate (DHP). The splitting of the non-degenerate ADP nu //1 band in concentrated solution is interpreted in terms of a well-ordered quasi-crystalline solution structure. Increases in nu //1 half-width at half-height support this view.

  • 40.
    Cerreta, M.K.
    et al.
    Michigan State University.
    Berglund, Kris
    The structure of aqueous solutions of some dihydrogen orthophosphates by laser Raman spectroscopy1987Inngår i: Journal of Crystal Growth, ISSN 0022-0248, E-ISSN 1873-5002, Vol. 84, nr 4, 577-588 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Powdered crystals and pure, aqueous solutions of ammonium, sodium, and potassium dihydrogen orthophosphates in concentrations ranging from 0.01M to supersaturated were investigated at 30°C using laser Raman spectroscopy between 700 and 1350 cm-1. With increasing solute concentration, the peak position of the 875 cm-1 P-(OH)2 symmetric strech band increased. Extreme asymmetry in the 1075 cm-1 P=O2 symmetric stretch band developed to lower energy. The integrated intensity ratio of the 875 cm-1 band to the 1075 cm-1 band envelope remained constant. These observations are consistent with anion-anion association via hydrogen bonds. Deconvolution of the spectral bands showed only 40% and 20% of the phosphates exist as monomers in saturated potassium and ammonium solutions, respectively, and that anion association does not cease at the dimer. The spectra provided no evidence of quasi-crystalline entities in solution. The necessary breaking and reforming of hydrogen bonds during the growth process can explain rapid z-direction growth, growth activation energy, and the rate-limiting surface growth mechanism.

  • 41.
    Chakraborty, Reena
    et al.
    Michigan State University.
    Berglund, Kris
    Steady state fluorescence spectroscopy of pyranine as a trace extrinsic probe to study structure in aqueous sugar solutions1992Inngår i: Journal of Crystal Growth, ISSN 0022-0248, E-ISSN 1873-5002, Vol. 125, nr 1-2, 81-96 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The steady state fluorescence behavior of pyranine has been monitored in aqueous solutions of sucrose, glucose, fructose, and lactose. In each case it is possible to use the ratio of peak intensities at 440 and 511 nm (the PIR) as an indicator of the degree of supersaturation of the sugar solutions. We observed both bulk water and water of solvation in all solutions examined, regardless of degree of sapersaturation. In each case the amounts of bulk water and water of solvation per molecule of sugar appear to be nearly equal at saturation. We did not observe any evidence of solvent exclusive clusters in any of the systems we studied

  • 42.
    Chakraborty, Reena
    et al.
    Michigan State University.
    Berglund, Kris
    Use of pyranine as a trace fluorescent probe to study structure in aqueous sucrose solutions1991Inngår i: Particle design via crystallization / [ed] Ramu Ramanarayanan, Washington, DC: American Institute of Chemical Engineers, 1991, 114-123 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Emission spectroscopy using pyranine as a trace fluorescent probe was evaluated as a means of studying solution structure in aqueous sucrose solutions. Spectra of pyranine doped sucrose solutions of 0-70 wt% were obtained, indicating two microenvironments. The peak intensity ratio (defined as the ratio of peak intensities at 440 nm and 511 nm) was observed to be a very sensitive function of the water content in supersaturated solutions. The two microenvironments were designated as bulk water and that near the solvated sucrose molecules. Calculations yielded six water molecules of solvation per molecule of sucrose. This is in agreement with values in literature. The number of molecules of water per molecule of sucrose in the bulk water environment varies exponentially from 165 in a 10% solution to three for a 70% solution at 20 degrees C. These results indicate that this technique can be used successfully to measure water content in supersaturated solutions.

  • 43.
    Charavgi, Maria-Despoina
    et al.
    National Technical University of Athens.
    Dimarogona, Maria
    National Technical University of Athens.
    Topakas, Evangelos
    National Technical University of Athens.
    Christakopoulos, Paul
    Chrysina, Evangelia D.
    National Hellenic Research Foundation, Athens.
    The structure of a novel glucuronoyl esterase from Myceliophthora thermophila gives new insights into its role as a potential biocatalyst2013Inngår i: Acta Crystallographica Section D: Biological Crystallography, ISSN 0907-4449, E-ISSN 1399-0047, Vol. 69, nr 1, 63-73 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing demand for the development of efficient biocatalysts is a consequence of their broad industrial applications. Typical difficulties that are encountered during their exploitation in a variety of processes are interconnected with factors such as temperature, pH, product inhibitors etc. To eliminate these, research has been directed towards the identification of new enzymes that would comply with the required standards. To this end, the recently discovered glucuronoyl esterases (GEs) are an enigmatic family within the carbohydrate esterase (CE) family. Structures of the thermophilic StGE2 esterase from Myceliophthora thermophila (synonym Sporotrichum thermophile), a member of the CE15 family, and its S213A mutant were determined at 1.55 and 1.9 Å resolution, respectively. The first crystal structure of the S213A mutant in complex with a substrate analogue, methyl 4-O-methyl-[beta]-D-glucopyranuronate, was determined at 2.35 Å resolution. All of the three-dimensional protein structures have an [alpha]/[beta]-hydrolase fold with a three-layer [alpha][beta][alpha]-sandwich architecture and a Rossmann topology and comprise one molecule per asymmetric unit. These are the first crystal structures of a thermophilic GE both in an unliganded form and bound to a substrate analogue, thus unravelling the organization of the catalytic triad residues and their neighbours lining the active site. The knowledge derived offers novel insights into the key structural elements that drive the hydrolysis of glucuronic acid esters.

  • 44.
    Chotteau, Veronique
    KTH, Skolan för bioteknologi (BIO), Industriell bioteknologi.
    Perfusion Processes2015Inngår i: Animal Cell Culture / [ed] Mohamed Al-Rubeai, Switzerland Springer: Springer , 2015, 407-443 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The interest for perfusion is increasing nowadays. This new focus has emerged from a synergy of a demand for disposable equipment and the availability of robust cell separation device, as well as the need for higher flexibility and lower investment cost. The cell separation devices mostly used today are based on filtration, i.e. alternating flow filtration, tangential flow filtration, spin-filter, or acceleration/gravity, i.e. inclined settler, centrifuge, acoustic settler. This paper gives an introduction to the basic concepts of perfusion and its practical implementation. It reviews the actual cell separation devices and describes the approaches used in the field to develop and optimize the perfusion processes.

  • 45.
    Chotteau, Veronique
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för bioteknologi (BIO), Industriell bioteknologi.
    Diana, Rafael
    Ge Healthcare Bio-sciences Ab.
    Kaisermayer, Christian
    Ge Healthcare Bio-sciences Ab.
    Lindskog, Eva
    Ge Healthcare Bio-sciences Ab.
    Robinson, Craig
    Ge Healthcare Bio-sciences Ab.
    Rucker, Jimmie L.
    Ge Healthcare Bio-sciences Ab.
    Walsh, Kieron D.
    Ge Healthcare Bio-sciences Ab.
    Flexible bag for cultivation of cells2011Patent (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    An inflatable bioreactor bag for cell cultivation, which comprising a top and a bottom sheet of flexible material, joined together to form two end edges and two side edges, wherein one baffle or a plurality of baffles extend from the bottom sheet in a region where the shortest distance to any one of the two end edges is higher than about one fourth of the shortest distance between the two end edges.

  • 46.
    Chotteau, Veronique
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för bioteknologi (BIO), Industriell bioteknologi.
    Zhang, Ye
    KTH, Skolan för bioteknologi (BIO), Industriell bioteknologi.
    Clincke, Marie-Francoise
    KTH, Skolan för bioteknologi (BIO), Industriell bioteknologi.
    Very High Cell Density in Perfusion of CHO Cells by ATF, TFF, Wave Bioreactor, and/or CellTank Technologies: Impact of Cell Density and Applications2014Inngår i: Continuous Processing in Pharmaceutical Manufacturing / [ed] Ganapathy Subramanian, Germany Weinheim: Wiley-VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, 2014, 339-356 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 47.
    Chotteau, Véronique
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för bioteknologi (BIO), Bioprocessteknik.
    Hjalmarsson, Håkan
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Tuning of dissolved oxygen and pH PID control parameters in large scale bioreactor by lag control2012Inngår i: Proceedings of the 21st Annual Meeting of the European Society for Animal Cell Technology (ESACT), 2012, 327-330 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A method has been developed to tune the DO and pH controller PID parameters for pilot / large scale mammalian cultivation. Our approach is to identify a model of the variable to be controlled (e.g. DO, pH) and to design several possible PID controllers based on this model. The controllers were first tested in computer simulations, followed by wet simulation and finally the best controller was tested on the real process. The approach is developed for the tuning of the DO controller of a 50 L bioreactor using microbubble continuous oxygen flow. The method, called lag control here, is based on a lead lag control design using Bode analysis where the prediction part is omitted. Experiments show that the approach results in a highly satisfactory DO control. The oxygen microbubbles were almost completely consumed before reaching the liquid surface so the oxygen flow used to maintain the DO gave an excellent indication of the cellular oxygen consumption. The control system was robust against all the perturbations, i.e. cell growth, cell bleed, addition of air-saturated fresh medium, DO set point change and a second gas sparger used to strip out the carbon dioxide. This approach was also successfully used for the tuning of a 400 L bioreactor DO controller and pH controller.

  • 48.
    Christakopoulos, Paul
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Project: Bioconversion of Recalcitrant Polysaccharides by Novel Oxidative Biocatalysts for the production of ethanol and other novel products (SWEDISH ENERGY AGENCY)2014Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 49.
    Christakopoulos, Paul
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Project: Efficient bioconversion of forest biomass insoluble polyesters with a potential use in lignocellulosic feedstock biorefineries (FORMAS)2014Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 50.
    Christakopoulos, Paul
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.
    Project: Optimized esterase biocatalysts for cost-effective industrial production (EU-FP7)2014Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
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