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  • 2601. Wan, Y Q
    et al.
    Alterman, M
    Larhed, M
    Hallberg, A
    Dimethylformamide as a carbon monoxide source in fast palladium-catalyzed aminocarbonylations of aryl bromides2002In: Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 0022-3263, E-ISSN 1520-6904, Vol. 67, no 17, p. 6232-6235Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dimethylformamide (DMF) acts as an efficient source of carbon monoxide and dimethylamine in the palladium-catalyzed aminocarbonylation (Heck carbonylation) of p-tolyl bromide to provide the dimethylamide. Addition of amines to the reaction mixture in excess delivers the corresponding aryl amides in good yields. The amines employed, benzylamine, morpholine, and aniline, all constitute good reaction partners. The reaction proceeds smoothly with bromobenzene and more electron-rich aryl bromides, but electron-deficient aryl bromides fail to undergo aminocarbonylation. The reactions are conducted at 180-190 degreesC for 15-20 min with microwave heating in a reaction mixture containing imidazole and potassium tert-butoxide: the latter is required to promote decomposition of the DMF solvent at a suitable rate. The beneficial effects of controlled microwave irradiation as an energy source for the rapid heating of the carbonylation reaction mixture are demonstrated. The carbonylation procedure reported herein, which relies on the in situ generation of carbon monoxide, serves as a convenient alternative to other carbonylation methods and is particularly applicable to small-scale reactions where short reaction times are desired and the direct use of carbon monoxide gas is impractical.

  • 2602. Wan, Y Q
    et al.
    Alterman, M
    Larhed, M
    Hallberg, A
    Formamide as a combined ammonia synthon and carbon monoxide source in fast palladium-catalyzed aminocarbonylations of aryl halides2003In: Journal of combinatorial chemistry, ISSN 1520-4766, E-ISSN 1520-4774, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 82-84Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2603. Wang, Conan
    et al.
    Hu, Shu-Hong
    Martin, Jennifer
    Sjögren, Tove
    Hajdu, Janos
    Bohlin, Lars
    Claeson, Per
    Göransson, Ulf
    Rosengren, K. Johan
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Tang, Jun
    Tan, Nin-hua
    Craik, David J.
    Combined X-ray and NMR analysis of the stability of the cyclotide cystine knot fold that underpins its insecticidal activity and potential use as a drug scaffold2009In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, E-ISSN 1083-351X, Vol. 284, no 16, p. 10672-10683Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cyclotides are a family of plant defense proteins that are highly resistant to adverse chemical, thermal, and enzymatic treatment. Here, we present the first crystal structure of a cyclotide, varv F, from the European field pansy, Viola arvensis, determined at a resolution of 1.8 angstrom. The solution state NMR structure was also determined and, combined with measurements of biophysical parameters for several cyclotides, provided an insight into the structural features that account for the remarkable stability of the cyclotide family. The x-ray data confirm the cystine knot topology and the circular backbone, and delineate a conserved network of hydrogen bonds that contribute to the stability of the cyclotide fold. The structural role of a highly conserved Glu residue that has been shown to regulate cyclotide function was also determined, verifying its involvement in a stabilizing hydrogen bond network. We also demonstrate that varv F binds to dodecylphosphocholine micelles, defining the binding orientation and showing that its structure remains unchanged upon binding, further demonstrating that the cyclotide fold is rigid. This study provides a biological insight into the mechanism by which cyclotides maintain their native activity in the unfavorable environment of predator insect guts. It also provides a structural basis for explaining how a cluster of residues important for bioactivity may be involved in self-association interactions in membranes. As well as being important for their bioactivity, the structural rigidity of cyclotides makes them very suitable as a stable template for peptide-based drug design.

  • 2604.
    Wang, Dong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    New Reactions with Allyl- and Allenylboron Reagents: Transition-Metal-Catalyzed and Transition-Metal-Free Carbon-Carbon Bond Formation Processes2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Organoboron compounds have been widely used in carbon-carbon bond formation reactions in organic synthesis and catalysis. This thesis is focused on cross-coupling reactions of allyl-, allenylboronic acids and their ester derivatives via transition metal catalysis or transition-metal-free processes.

    The first part of the thesis describes Cu-catalyzed C(sp3)-C(sp3) formation reactions involving allylboronic acids and α-diazoketones. This coupling process shows high γ-regioselectivity, resulting in branched allylic products. When stereodefined cyclic allylboronic acids were employed as the substrate, the relative facial configuration was retained in the reaction product.

    The second part involves Pd-catalyzed cross-coupling of allylboronic acid and α-diazoketones. The reaction proceeds with high α-regioselectivity, affording linear allylic products. Accordingly, the palladium- and copper-catalyzed cross-coupling of allylboronic acid and α-diazoketones occurs with opposite regioselectivity.

    The third part concerns a new transition-metal-free carbon-carbon bond formation between allenylboronic acids and in situ generated diazo compounds. The diazo compounds are generated from tosylhydrazones in the presence of base. The reaction is suitable for synthesis of densely substituted conjugated dienes with high Z-selectivity.

    In the final part, the allylation of quinones with allylboronates is presented. The reaction was performed without any catalyst or additive. Various quinones can be employed as substrates, including unsubstituted, monosubstituted benzoquinones and naphthoquinones.

  • 2605.
    Wang, Dong
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    de Wit, Martin J. M.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Szabó, Kálmán J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Synthesis of Densely Substituted Conjugated Dienes by Transition-Metal-Free Reductive Coupling of Allenylboronic Acids and Tosylhydrazones2018In: Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 0022-3263, E-ISSN 1520-6904, Vol. 83, no 15, p. 8786-8792Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tosylhydrazones and allenylboronic acids underwent a transition-metal-free reductive coupling reaction. This process is suitable for synthesis of tetra- and pentasubstituted conjugated dienes. The corresponding allenyl-Bpin substrate showed a very poor reactivity. The reaction is suggested to involve coupling of the in situ formed diazo compound and allenylboronic acid. The intermediate formed in this coupling undergoes allenyl migration followed by protodeboronation to furnish a conjugated diene as major product.

  • 2606.
    Wang, Dong
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Szabó, Kálmán J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Copper-Catalyzed, Stereoselective Cross-Coupling of Cyclic Allyl Boronic Acids with alpha-Diazoketones2017In: Organic Letters, ISSN 1523-7060, E-ISSN 1523-7052, Vol. 19, no 7, p. 1622-1625Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study; we present the synthesis of new, Stereodefined allylboronic adds employed to investigate the stereochemistry of the Cu-catalyzed cross-coupling of allylboronic acids with alpha-diazoketones. According to our results, this reaction proceeds with retention of the relative configurtion of the allylberonic acid substrate. We suggest that the stereoinduction step involves a syn S(E)2'-type transrnetalation of the allylboronic acid substrate with a Cu-carbene species.

  • 2607.
    Wang, Hui
    et al.
    Wannan Med Coll, Peoples R China.
    Fang, Bin
    Anhui Univ, Peoples R China.
    Zhou, Le
    Wannan Med Coll, Peoples R China.
    Li, Di
    Wannan Med Coll, Peoples R China.
    Kong, Lin
    Anhui Univ, Peoples R China.
    Uvdal, Kajsa
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Molecular Surface Physics and Nano Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Hu, Zhang-Jun
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Molecular Surface Physics and Nano Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    A reversible and highly selective two-photon fluorescent "on-off-on" probe for biological Cu2+ detection2018In: Organic and biomolecular chemistry, ISSN 1477-0520, E-ISSN 1477-0539, Vol. 16, no 13, p. 2264-2268Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A two-photon active probe for physiological copper (Cu2+) detection is expected to play an important role in monitoring biological metabolism. Herein, a novel Schiff base derivative (E)-2,2-((4-((4-(diethylamino)-2-hydroxybenzylidene)amino)phenyl)azanediyl)bis(ethan-1-ol) (L) with remarkable two-photon activity was developed and synthetically investigated. L presents high selectivity and sensitivity for Cu2+ sensing in ethanol/HEPES buffer (v/v, 1:1), which is accompanied by the fluorescence switching off and subsequently on with the addition of EDTA. The mechanism for the detection of Cu2+ is further analyzed using H-1 NMR titration, mass spectra and theoretical calculations. Furthermore, since the probe L possesses good photophysical properties, excellent biocompatibility and low cytotoxicity, it is successfully applied to track Cu2+ in the cellular endoplasmic reticulum by two-photon fluorescence imaging, showing its potential value for practical applications in biological systems.

    The full text will be freely available from 2019-03-05 10:44
  • 2608.
    Wang, Lei
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Artificial Photosynthesis: Molecular Catalysts for Water Oxidation2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Artificial photosynthesis provides a promising solution to the future sustainable energy system. Water is the only suitably sufficient protons and electrons supplier by the reaction of water oxidation. However, this reaction is both kinetically and thermodynamically demanding, leading to a sluggish kinetics unless the introduction of a catalyst.The theme of this thesis is to design, synthesize and evaluate molecular catalysts for water oxidation. This thesis consists of seven parts:The first chapter presents a general introduction to the field of homogenous catalysis of water oxidation, including catalysts design, examination and mechanistic investigation.The second chapter investigates the electronic and noncovalent-interaction effects of the ligands on the activities of the catalysts.In the third chapter, halogen substitutes are introduced into the axial ligands of the ruthenium catalysts. It is proved that the hydrophobic effect of the halogen atom dramatically enhanced the reactivity of the catalysts.Chapter four explores a novel group of ruthenium catalysts with imidazole-DMSO pair of axial ligands, in which the DMSO is proved to be crucial for the high efficiency of the catalysts.Chapter five describes the light-driven water oxidation including the three-component system and the sensitizer-catalyst assembled system. It is found that the common Ru(bpy)32+ dye can act as an electron relay and further benefit the electron transfer as well as the photo-stability of the system.In chapter six, aiming to the future application, selected ruthenium catalysts have been successfully immobilized on electrodes surfaces, and the electrochemical water oxidation is achieved with high efficiency.Finally, in the last chapter, a novel molecular catalyst based on the earth abundant metal ―nickel has been designed and synthesized. The activities as well as the mechanism have been explored.

  • 2609.
    Wang, Lei
    et al.
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Dept Chem, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Duan, Lele
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Dept Chem, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ambre, Ram B.
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Dept Chem, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Daniel, Quentin
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Dept Chem, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Chen, Hong
    Stockholm Univ, Berzelii Ctr EXSELENT Porous Mat, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Mat & Environm Chem, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm Univ, Berzelii Ctr EXSELENT Porous Mat, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Mat & Environm Chem, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Das, Biswanath
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Molecular Biomimetics.
    Thapper, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Molecular Biomimetics.
    Uhlig, Jens
    Lund Univ, Dept Chem Phys, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Diner, Peter
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Dept Chem, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Sun, Licheng
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Dept Chem, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden.;Dalian Univ Technol DUT, DUT KTH Joint Educ & Res Ctr Mol Devices, State Key Lab Fine Chem, Dalian 116024, Peoples R China..
    A nickel (II) PY5 complex as an electrocatalyst for water oxidation2016In: Journal of Catalysis, ISSN 0021-9517, E-ISSN 1090-2694, Vol. 335, p. 72-78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A Ni-PY5 [PY5 = 2,6-bis(1,1-bis(2-pyridyl)ethyl)pyridine)] complex has been found to act as an electrocatalyst for oxidizing water to dioxygen in aqueous phosphate buffer solutions. The rate of water oxidation catalyzed by the Ni-PY5 is remarkably enhanced by the proton acceptor base HPO42-, with rate constant of 1820 M-1 s(-1). Controlled potential bulk electrolysis with Ni-PY5 at pH 10.8 under an applied potential of 1.5 V vs. normal hydrogen electrode (NHE) resulted in dioxygen formation with a high faradaic efficiency over 90%. A detailed mechanistic study identifies the water nucleophilic attack pathway for water oxidation catalysis.

  • 2610. Wang, Lei
    et al.
    Duan, Lele
    Stewart, Beverly
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Pu, Maoping
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Liu, Jianhui
    Privalov, Timofei
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Sun, Licheng
    Toward Controlling Water Oxidation Catalysis: Tunable Activity of Ruthenium Complexes with Axial Imidazole/DMSO Ligands2012In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 134, no 45, p. 18868-18880Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using the combinations of imidazole and dimethyl :sulfoxide (DMSO) as axial ligands and 2,2'-bipyridine-6,6'-dicarboxylate (bda) as the equatorial ligand, we have synthesized six novel ruthenium complexes with noticeably different activity as water oxidation catalysts (WOCs). In four C-s symmetric Ru-II(kappa(3)-bda)(DMSO)L-2 complexes L = imidazole (1), N-methylimidazole (2), 5-methylimidazole (3), and 5-bromo-N-methylimidazole (4). Additionally, in two C-2v symmetric Ru-II(kappa(4)-bda)L-2 complexes L = 5-nitroimidazole (5) and 5-bromo-N-methylimidazole (6), that is, fully equivalent axial imidazoles. A detailed characterization of all complexes and the mechanistic investigation of the catalytic water oxidation have been carried out with a number of experimental techniques, that is, kinetics, electrochemistry and high resolution mass spectrometry (HR-MS), and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. We have observed the in situ formation: of a Ru-II-complex with the accessible seventh coordination position. The measured catalytic activities and kinetics of complex 1-6 revealed details about an important structure activity relation: the connection between the nature of axial ligands in the combination and either the increase or decrease of the catalytic activity. In particular, an axial DMSO group substantially increases the turnover frequency of WOCs reported in article, with the ruthenium-complex having one axial 5-bromo-N-methylimidazole and one axial DMSO: (4), we have obtained a high initial turnover frequency of similar to 180 s(-1). DFT modeling Of the binuclear reaction pathway of the O-O bond formation in catalytic Water oxidation further corroborated the concept of the mechanistic significance of the axial ligands and rationalized the experimentally observed difference in the activity of complexes with imidazole/DMSO and imidazole/imidazole combinations of axial ligands.

  • 2611.
    Wang, Lei
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Duan, Lele
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Wang, Ying
    KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Theoretical Chemistry and Biology.
    Ahlquist, Mårten
    KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Theoretical Chemistry and Biology.
    Sun, Licheng
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry. State Key Lab of Fine Chemicals, DUT-KTH Joint Education and Research Center on Molecular Devices, Dalian University of Technology (DUT)Dalian, China .
    Highly efficient and robust molecular water oxidation catalysts based on ruthenium complexes2014In: Chemical Communications, ISSN 1359-7345, E-ISSN 1364-548X, Vol. 50, no 85, p. 12947-12950Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two monomeric ruthenium molecular catalysts for water oxidation have been prepared, and both of them show high activities in pH 1.0 aqueous solutions, with an initial rate of over 1000 turnover s(-1) by complex 1, and a turnover number of more than 100 000 by complex 2.

  • 2612. Wang, Lei
    et al.
    Mirmohades, Mohammad
    Brown, Allison
    Duan, Lele
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Li, Fusheng
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Quentin, Daniel
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Lomoth, Reiner
    Sun, Licheng
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry. Dalian Univ Technol, DUT KTH Joint Educ & Res Ctr Mol Devices, State Key Lab Fine Chem, Dalian 116024, Peoples R China.
    Hammarstrom, Leif
    Sensitizer-Catalyst Assemblies for Water Oxidation2015In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 54, no 6, p. 2742-2751Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two molecular assemblies with one Ru(II)-polypyridine photosensitizer covalently linked to one Ru(II)(bda)L2 catalyst (1) (bda = 2,2'-bipyridine-6,6'-dicarboxylate) and two photosensitizers covalently linked to one catalyst (2) have been prepared using a simple C-C bond as the linkage. In the presence of sodium persulfate as a sacrificial electron acceptor, both of them show high activity for catalytic water oxidation driven by visible light, with a turnover number up to 200 for 2. The linked photocatalysts show a lower initial yield for light driven oxygen evolution but a much better photostability compared to the three component system with separate sensitizer, catalyst and acceptor, leading to a much greater turnover number. Photocatalytic experiments and time-resolved spectroscopy were carried out to probe the mechanism of this catalysis. The linked catalyst in its Ru(II) state rapidly quenches the sensitizer, predominantly by energy transfer. However, a higher stability under photocatalytic condition is shown for the linked sensitizer compared to the three component system, which is attributed to kinetic stabilization by rapid photosensitizer regeneration. Strategies for employment of the sensitizer-catalyst molecules in more efficient photocatalytic systems are discussed.

  • 2613.
    Wang, Mei
    et al.
    Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China.
    Sun, Licheng
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Hydrogen production by noble-metal-free molecular catalysts and related nanomaterials2010In: ChemSusChem, ISSN 1864-5631, Vol. 3, no 5, p. 551-554Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2614.
    Wang, Shujiang
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Polymer Chemistry.
    Insights into dynamic covalent chemistry for bioconjugation applications2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Dynamic covalent chemistry (DCC) is currently exploited in several areas of biomedical applications such as in drug discovery, sensing, molecular separation, catalysis etc. Hydrazone and oxime chemistry have several advantages, such as mild reaction conditions, selectivity, efficiency, and biocompatibility and therefore, have the potential to be for bioconjugation applications. However, these reactions suffer from major drawbacks of slow reaction rate and poor bond stability under physiological conditions. In this regard, the work presented in this thesis focuses on designing novel bioconjugation reactions amenable under physiological conditions with tunable reaction kinetics and conjugation stability.

    The first part of the thesis presents different strategies of dynamic covalent reactions utilized for biomedical applications. In the next part, a detailed study related to the mechanism and catalysis of oxime chemistry was investigated in the presence of various catalysts. Aniline, carboxylate and saline were selective as target catalysts and their reaction kinetics were compared under physiological conditions (Paper I and II). Then we attempted to explore the potential of those chemistries in fabricating 3D hydrogel scaffolds for regenerative medicine application. A novel mild and regioselective method was devised to introduce an aldehyde moiety onto glycosaminoglycans structure. This involved the introduction of amino glycerol to glycosaminoglycans, followed by regioselective oxidation of tailed flexible diol without affecting the C2-C3 diol groups on the disaccharide repeating unit. The oxidation rate of the tailed flexible diol was 4-times faster than that of C2-C3 diol groups of native glycosaminoglycan. This strategy preserves the structural integrity of the glycosaminoglycans and provides a functional aldehyde moiety (Paper III). Further, different types of hydrazones were designed and their hydrolytic stability under acidic condition was carefully evaluated. The hydrazone linkage with the highest hydrolytic stability was utilized in the preparation of extracellular matrix hydrogel for delivery of bone morphogenetic proteins 2 in bone regeneration (Paper IV) and studied for controlled release of the growth factor (Paper III).

    In summary, this thesis presents a selection of strategies for designing bioconjugation chemistries that possess tunable stability and reaction kinetics under physiological conditions. These chemistries are powerful tools for conjugation of biomolecules for the biomedical applications.

  • 2615. Wang, Xin
    et al.
    Ramström, Olof
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Yan, Mingdi
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry.
    Quantitative Analysis of Multivalent Ligand Presentation on Gold Glyconanoparticles and the Impact on Lectin Binding2010In: Analytical Chemistry, ISSN 0003-2700, E-ISSN 1520-6882, Vol. 82, no 21, p. 9082-9089Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Glyconanomaterials, nanomaterials carrying multiple carbohydrate ligands, provide an excellent platform for sensitive protein recognition. Using nanomaterials as the scaffold, multivalent interactions between glycan ligands and proteins have been demonstrated. However, the quantitative analysis of the binding affinity of these glyconanomaterials has been lacking. In this Article, we report a new method to measure the binding affinity of glyconanoparticle (GNP)-protein interactions based on a fluorescent competition binding assay, which yielded the apparent dissociation constant (K-d) of GNPs with the interacting protein. Au nanoparticles conjugated with underivatized mono-, oligo-, and polysaccharides were synthesized using our recently developed photocoupling chemistry. The affinities of these GNPs with lectins were measured and were several orders of magnitude higher than the corresponding free ligands with lectins. The effect of ligand display on the binding affinity of GNPs was, furthermore, studied where GNPs of varying linker type, spacer length, ligand density, and nanoparticle size were prepared and K-d values determined. The long spacer linker containing hydrocarbon and ethylene oxide units gave the highest binding affinity as well as assay sensitivity. The binding affinity increased with ligand density in general, showing a drastic increase in affinity at low ligand density. In addition, the affinity enhancement was more pronounced on smaller NPs than the larger ones. These results not only demonstrate that the binding affinity of GNPs is highly influenced by how the ligands are presented on the nanoparticles but also pave the way for tailor-made glyconanomaterials with tunable affinity by way of ligand display.

  • 2616. Wang, Xuefeng
    et al.
    Ohlin, C. André
    Lu, Qinghua
    Fei, Zhaofu
    Hu, Jun
    Dyson, Paul J.
    Cytotoxicity of ionic liquids and precursor compounds towards human cell line HeLa2007In: Green Chemistry, ISSN 1463-9262, E-ISSN 1463-9270, Vol. 9, no 11, p. 1191-1197Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The toxicity of ethyl-, butyl-, octyl-, benzyl-, and allyl-substituted 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium, alkylpyridinium, N-alkyl-N, N-dimethyl-N-(2-hydroxyethyl) ammonium (choline derivatives) and alkyl-triethylammonium salts towards HeLa cells has been studied. The relative toxicities have been determined in the presence and absence of foetal bovine serum using an MTT assay after 24 and 48 h, and attempts to determine possible sources of the observed toxicity investigated using microscopy and by measuring the intracellular calcium concentration, presence of reactive oxygen species and mitochondrial membrane potential in cells exposed to 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate.

  • 2617. Wang, Ying
    et al.
    Wang, Mei
    Wang, Lin
    Wang, Yu
    Wang, Xiuna
    Sun, Licheng
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Asymmetric oxidation of sulfides with H2O2 catalyzed by titanium complexes of Schiff bases bearing a dicumenyl salicylidenyl unit2011In: Applied organometallic chemistry, ISSN 0268-2605, E-ISSN 1099-0739, Vol. 25, no 5, p. 325-330Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The sterically hindered Schiff bases (L-3-L-5), prepared from 3,5-dicumenyl salicylaldehyde and chiral amino alcohols, were used in combination with Ti(OiPr)(4) for asymmetric oxidation of aryl methyl sulfides with H2O2 as terminal oxidant. Among the ligands L-3-L-5, L-4 with a tert-butyl group in the chiral carbon of the amino alcohol moiety gave the best result with 89% yield and 73% ee for the sulfoxidation of thioanisole under optimal conditions [with 1 mol% of Ti(OiPr)(4) in a molar ratio of 100 : 1 : 1.2 : 120 for sulfide : Ti(OiPr)(4) : ligand : H2O2 in CH2Cl2 at 0 degrees C for 3 h]. The reaction afforded good yield (84%) with a moderate enantioselectivity (62% ee) even with a lower catalyst loading from 1.0 to 0.5 mol%. The oxidations of methyl 4-bromophenyl sulfide and methyl 4-methoxyphenyl sulfide with H2O2 catalyzed by the Ti(OiPr)(4)-L-4 system gave 79-84% yieldsand54-59% ee of the corresponding sulfoxides in CH2Cl2 at 20 degrees C. The chiral induction capability of the cumenyl-modified sterically hindered Schiff bases for sulfoxidation was compared with the conventional Schiff bases bearing tert-butyl groups at the 3,5-positions of the salicylidenyl unit.

  • 2618. Wang, Yong
    et al.
    Li, Fei
    Zhou, Xu
    Yu, Fengshou
    Du, Jian
    Bai, Lichen
    Sun, Licheng
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, Zhejiang-KTH Joint Research Center of Photonics, JORCEP.
    Highly Efficient Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting with an Immobilized Molecular Co4O4 Cubane Catalyst2017In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 56, no 24, p. 6911-6915Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Molecular Co4O4 cubane water oxidation catalysts were combined with BiVO4 electrodes for photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting. The results show that tuning the substituent groups on cobalt cubane allows the PEC properties of the final molecular catalyst/BiVO4 hybrid photoanodes to be tailored. Upon loading a new cubane complex featuring alkoxy carboxylato bridging ligands (1h) on BiVO4, an AM 1.5G photocurrent density of 5 mAcm(-2) at 1.23 V vs. RHE for water oxidation was obtained, the highest photocurrent for undoped BiVO4 photoanodes. A high solar-energy conversion efficiency of 1.84% was obtained for the integrated photoanode, a sixfold enhancement over that of unmodified BiVO4. These results and the high surface charge separation efficiency support the role of surface-modified molecular catalysts in improving PEC performance and demonstrate the potential of molecule/semiconductor hybrids for efficient artificial photosynthesis.

  • 2619. Wang, Zhen
    et al.
    Liu, Jian-Hui
    He, Cheng-Jiang
    Jiang, Shi
    Åkermark, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Sun, Li-Cheng
    Azadithiolates cofactor of the iron-only hydrogenase and its PR3-monosubstituted derivatives: Synthesis, structure, electrochemistry and protonation2007In: Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, ISSN 0022-328X, E-ISSN 1872-8561, Vol. 692, no 24, p. 5501-5507Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The core structure (mu-SCH2)(2)NH[Fe-2(CO)(6)](5) of Fe-only hydrogenases active site model has been synthesized by the condensation of iron carbonyl sulfides, formaldehyde and silyl protected amine. Its monosubstituted complexes (mu-SCH2)(2)NH[Fe-2(CO)(5)PR3] (R = Ph (6), Me (7)) were accordingly prepared. The coordination configurations of 5 and 6 were characterized by X-ray crystallography. Protonation of complex 7 to form the N-protonated product occurs in an acetonitrile solution upon addition of triflic acid. The redox properties of these model complexes were studied by cyclic voltammetry.

  • 2620. Wang, Zhen
    et al.
    Liu, Jianhui
    He, Chengjiang
    Jiang, Shi
    Åkermark, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Sun, Licheng
    Diiron azadithiolates with hydrophilic phosphatriazaadamantane ligand as iron-only hydrogenase active site models: Synthesis, structure, and electrochemical study2007In: Inorganica Chimica Acta, ISSN 0020-1693, E-ISSN 1873-3255, Vol. 360, no 7, p. 2411-2419Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Three novel complexes (mu-adt)[Fe-2(CO)(5)PTA] (2-PTA), (mu-adt)[Fe-2(CO)(4)PTA(2)](2-PTA(2)) and (mu-adt)[Fe-2(CO)(5)DAPTA] (2-DAPTA), where adt is SCH2N(CH2CH2CH3)CH2S, PTA stands for 1,3,5-triaza-7-phosphaadamantane and DAPTA is 3,7-diacetyl-1,3,7-triaza-5-phosphabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane, were prepared as the models of the iron hydrogenase active site through controlled CO displacement of (mu-adt)[Fe-2(CO)(6)] with PTA and DAPTA. The coordination configurations of 2-PTA and 2-PTA(2) were characterized by X-ray crystallography. The disubstituted diiron complex 2-PTA(2) features a basal/apical coordination mode, instead of the typical transoid basal/basal configuration. Protonation of three complexes only occurred at the bridging-N atom, rather than at the tertiary nitrogen atom on the PTA or DAPTA ligands. Electrochemical properties of the complexes were studied in acetonitrile or a mixture of acetonitrile and water in the presence of acetic acid, by cyclic voltammetry. The current sensitivity of the reduced species to acid concentration in the presence of H2O is greater than in the pure CH3CN solution.

  • 2621. Wangsell, Fredrik
    et al.
    Nordeman, Patrik
    Savmarker, Jonas
    Emanuelsson, Rikard
    Jansson, Katarina
    Lindberg, Jimmy
    Rosenquist, Asa
    Samuelsson, Bertil
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Larhed, Mats
    Investigation of alpha-phenylnorstatine and alpha-benzylnorstatine as transition state isostere motifs in the search for new BACE-1 inhibitors2011In: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, ISSN 0968-0896, E-ISSN 1464-3391, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 145-155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Inhibition of the BACE-1 protease enzyme has over the recent decade developed into a promising drug strategy for Alzheimer therapy. In this report, more than 20 new BACE-1 protease inhibitors based on alpha-phenylnorstatine, alpha-benzylnorstatine, iso-serine, and beta-alanine moieties have been prepared. The inhibitors were synthesized by applying Fmoc solid phase methodology and evaluated for their inhibitory properties. The most potent inhibitor, tert-alcohol containing (R)-12 (IC(50) = 0.19 mu M) was co-crystallized in the active site of the BACE-1 protease, furnishing a novel binding mode in which the N-terminal amine makes a hydrogen bond to one of the catalytic aspartic acids.

  • 2622.
    Wannberg, Johan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Isaksson, Rebecka
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Bremberg, Ulf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Backlund, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Sävmarker, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry.
    Hallberg, Mathias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences.
    Larhed, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    A convenient transesterification method for synthesis of AT2 receptor ligands with improved stability in human liver microsomes2018In: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters, ISSN 0960-894X, E-ISSN 1090-2120, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 519-522Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A series of AT2R ligands have been synthesized applying a quick, simple, and safetransesterification-type reaction whereby the sulfonyl carbamate alkyl tail ofthe selective AT2R antagonist C38 was varied. Furthermore, a limited number ofcompounds where acyl sulfonamides and sulfonyl ureas served as carboxylic acidbioisosteres were synthesized and evaluated. By reducing the size of the alkylchain of the sulfonyl carbamates, ligands 7a and 7b were identified withsignificantly improved in vitro metabolic stability in both human and mouse livermicrosomes as compared to C38 while retaining the AT2R binding affinity andAT2R/AT1R selectivity. Eight of the compounds synthesized exhibit an improvedstability in human microsomes as compared to C38.

  • 2623.
    Warner, Madeleine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Hydrogen transfer reactions catalyzed by a cyclopentadienyl ruthenium complex: Mechanistic studies and dynamic kinetic resolution.2010Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 2624.
    Warner, Madeleine C.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Casey, Charles P.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Shvo's Catalyst in Hydrogen Transfer Reactions2011In: BIFUNCTIONAL MOLECULAR CATALYSIS, 2011, p. 85-125Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter reviews the use of Shvo's catalyst in various hydrogen transfer reactions and also discusses the mechanism of the hydrogen transfer. The Shvo catalyst is very mild to use since no activation by base is required in the transfer hydrogenation of ketones or imines or in the transfer dehydrogenation of alcohols and amines. The Shvo catalyst has also been used as an efficient racemization catalyst for alcohols and amines. Many applications of the racemization reaction are found in the combination with enzymatic resolution leading to a dynamic kinetic resolution (DKR). In these dynamic resolutions, the yield based on the starting material can theoretically reach 100%. The mechanism of the hydrogen transfer from the Shvo catalyst to ketones (aldehydes) and imines as well as the dehydrogenation of alcohols and amines has been studied in detail over the past decade. It has been found that for ketones (aldehydes) and alcohols, there is a concerted transfer of the two hydrogens involved, whereas for typical amines and imines, there is a stepwise transfer of the two hydrogens. One important question is whether the substrate is coordinated to the metal or not in the hydrogen transfer step(s). The pathway involving coordination to activate the substrate is called the inner-sphere mechanism, whereas transfer of hydrogen without coordination is called the outer-sphere mechanism. These mechanistic proposals together with experimental and theoretical studies are discussed.

  • 2625.
    Warner, Madeleine C.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Nagendiran, Anuja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bogár, Krisztián
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Enantioselective Route to Ketones and Lactones from Exocyclic Allylic Alcohols via Metal and Enzyme Catalysis2012In: Organic Letters, ISSN 1523-7060, E-ISSN 1523-7052, Vol. 14, no 19, p. 5094-5097Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A general and efficient route for the synthesis of enantiomerically pure a-substituted ketones and the corresponding lactones has been developed. Ruthenium- and enzyme-catalyzed dynamic kinetic resolution (DKR) with a subsequent Cu-catalyzed alpha-allylic substitution are the key steps of the route. The a-substituted ketones were obtained in high yields and with excellent enantiomeric excess. The methodology was applied to the synthesis of a naturally occurring caprolactone, (R)-10-methyl-6-undecanolide, via a subsequent Baeyer-Villiger oxidation.

  • 2626.
    Warner, Madeleine C.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Shevchenko, Grigory A.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Jouda, Suzan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bogar, Krisztian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Dynamic Kinetic Resolution of Homoallylic Alcohols: Application to the Synthesis of Enantiomerically Pure 5,6-Dihydropyran-2-ones and delta-Lactones2013In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 19, no 41, p. 13859-13864Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dynamic kinetic resolution of various homoallylic alcohols with the use of Candida antarctica lipaseB and ruthenium catalyst 2 afforded homoallylic acetates in high yields and with high enantioselectivity. These enantiopure acetates were further transformed into homoallylic acrylates after hydrolysis of the ester function and subsequent DMAP-catalyzed esterification with acryloyl chloride. After ring-closing metathesis 5,6-dihydropyran-2-ones were obtained in good yields. Selective hydrogenation of the carboncarbon double bond afforded the corresponding -lactones without loss of chiral information.

  • 2627.
    Warner, Madeleine C
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Verho, Oscar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    CO dissociation mechanism in racemization of alcohols by a cyclopentadienyl ruthenium dicarbonyl catalyst2011In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 133, no 9, p. 2820-2823Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    13CO exchange studies of racemization catalyst (η5-Ph5C5)Ru(CO)2Cl and (η5-Ph5C5)Ru(CO)2(Ot-Bu) by 13C NMR spectroscopy are reported. CO exchange for the active catalyst form, (η5-Ph5C5)Ru(CO)2(Ot-Bu) is approximately 20 times faster than that for the precatalyst (η5-Ph5C5)Ru(CO)2Cl. An inhibition on the rate of racemization of (S)-1-phenylethanol was observed on addition of CO. These results support the hypothesis that CO dissociation is a key step in the racemization of sec-alcohols by (η5-Ph5C5)Ru(CO)2Cl, as also predicted by DFT calculations.

  • 2628.
    Watanbe, Y.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry.
    Matsumura, A.
    Mizokawa, S.
    Tanaka, M.
    Nakamura, F.
    Nozaki, S.
    Mizuma, H.
    Wada, Y.
    Shiomi, S.
    Onoe, H.
    Tsukada, H.
    Hosoi, R.
    Kobayashi, K.
    Inoue, O.
    Långström, B.
    PRECLINICAL ANIMAL PET STUDY FOR HIGH THROUGH-PUT DRUG DEVELOPMENT: FOCUSING ON THE ANESTHETIC EFFECTS AND SPECIES DIFFERENCE2003In: AMI, Madrid, 2003Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 2629. Watcharinyanon, Somsakul
    et al.
    Puglia, Carla
    Göthelid, Emmanuelle
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Moons, Ellen
    Johansson, Lars S.O.
    Molecular orientation of thiol-derivatized tetraphenylporphyrin on gold studied by XPS and NEXAFS2009In: Surface Science, ISSN 0039-6028, E-ISSN 1879-2758, Vol. 603, no 7, p. 1026-1033Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2630.
    Weber, Jens
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical, Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Bergström, Lennart
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical, Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Impact of cross-linking density and glassy chain dynamics on pore stability in mesoporous poly(styrene)2009In: Macromolecules, ISSN 0024-9297, E-ISSN 1520-5835, Vol. 42, no 21, p. 8234-8240Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mesoporous poly(styrene) (PS) containing various amounts of the cross-linker divinylbenzene was synthesized by a hard-templating routine using pressed pellets of fumed silica as templates. Porous polymers with a surface area of 215 m2g-1 and porosities up to ~35 vol.-% could be obtained. The impact of the cross-linker content and the processing on the porosity of the materials was investigated by nitrogen sorption and small angle X-ray scattering. The surface area of the nascent porous PS increases and the pore size decrease with increasing amount of cross-linker. Furthermore, it was found that the porous polymers loose surface area at temperatures that are substantially below the glass transition temperature, Tg, of bulk polystyrene. The loss in surface area at temperatures below 65°C suggests that partial pore collapse also may be induced in the glassy state. Finally, the stability of the mesopores against solvent swelling was investigated. A critical pore collapse was found at a cross-linker content of ~ 20 wt.-%. In this context, also the existence of traced porosity, i.e. a non accessible mesostructure or porosity, could be confirmed.

  • 2631. Wei, Wen-Jie
    et al.
    Siegbahn, Per E. M.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Liao, Rong-Zhen
    Theoretical Study of the Mechanism of the Nonheme Iron Enzyme EgtB2017In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 56, no 6, p. 3589-3599Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    EgtB is a nonheme iron enzyme catalyzing the C - S bond formation between gamma-glutamyl cysteine (gamma GC) and N-alpha-trimethyl histidine (TMH) in the ergothioneine biosynthesis. Density functional calculations were performed to elucidate and delineate the reaction mechanism of this enzyme. Two different mechanisms were considered, depending on whether the sulfoxidation or the S C bond formation takes place first. The calculations suggest that the S - O bond formation occurs first between the thiolate and the ferric superoxide, followed by homolytic O-O bond cleavage, very similar to the case of cysteine dioxygenase. Subsequently, proton transfer from a second-shell residue Tyr377 to the newly generated iron - oxo moiety takes place, which is followed by proton transfer from the TMH imidazole to Tyr377, facilitated by two crystallographically observed water molecules. Next, the S C bond is formed between gamma GC and TMH, followed by proton transfer from the imidazole CH moiety to Tyr377, which was calculated to be the rate-limiting step for the whole reaction, with a barrier of 17.9 kcal/mol in the quintet state. The calculated barrier for the rate-limiting step agrees quite well with experimental kinetic data. Finally, this proton is transferred back to the imidazole nitrogen to form the product. The alternative thiyl radical attack mechanism has a very high barrier, being 25.8 kcal/mol, ruling out this possibility.

  • 2632.
    Weidemann, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry. Industrial Doctoral School, Umeå University.
    Lundin, Lisa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Behavior of PCDF, PCDD, PCN and PCB during low temperature thermal treatment of MSW incineration fly ash2015In: Chemical Engineering Journal, ISSN 1385-8947, E-ISSN 1873-3212, Vol. 279, p. 180-187Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For both economic and ecological reasons better knowledge of effects of incinerating waste on its persistent organic pollutant (POP) contents is needed. Thus, ash from three municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) plants was collected and analyzed for elemental composition, carbon speciation and POP (PCDF, PCDD, PCN and PCB) contents. The ash was then subjected to two thermal treatments: a small batch treatment (3 g) in sealed glass ampoules and a large batch treatment (0.7 kg, in a kiln) under oxygen-deficient conditions. The POP contents of the ash (and the gas phase generated by the large batch treatment) were subsequently re-analyzed. Finally, principal component analysis of congener profiles were used to clarify the POPs' behavior in the treated ash. The results indicate that the thermal treatments had similar effects on PCDDs and PCBs, which apparently degraded but did not reform. They also had similar effects on PCDFs and PCNs, which were degraded but selectively reformed (both during and after the treatment). Furthermore, the ash composition did not significantly influence the homologue-specific congener patterns of the formed PCDFs and PCNs, but they had markedly lower chlorination degrees than those in the untreated ash and their overall toxicity was reduced by the kiln treatment, regardless of post-kiln concentrations and ash composition. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 2633. Wellens, Adinda
    et al.
    Garofalo, Corinne
    Nguyen, Hien
    Van Gerven, Nani
    Slättegård, Rikard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Hernalsteens, Jean-Pierre
    Wyns, Lode
    Oscarson, Stefan
    De Greve, Henri
    Hultgren, Scott
    Bouckaert, Julie
    Intervening with urinary tract infections using anti-adhesives based on the crystal structure of the FimH-oligomannose-3 complex2008In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 3, no 4, p. e2040; 1-13Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2634.
    Wen, Ye-Qian
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Hertzberg, Robin
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Moberg, Christina
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Enantioselective Acylphosphonylation-Dual Lewis Acid-Lewis Base Activation of Aldehyde and Acylphosphonate2014In: Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 0022-3263, E-ISSN 1520-6904, Vol. 79, no 13, p. 6172-6178Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Acetoxyphosphonates were obtained by a one-step procedure consisting of reaction of diethyl acetylphosphonate with prochiral aldehydes in the presence of a catalytic system comprising a chiral Lewis acid, an achiral Lewis base, and a Bronstedt base. Best results were obtained using a tridentate Schiff base aluminum(III) Lewis acidic complex, 1H-1,2,3-benzotriazole, and a tertiary amine such as DBU. The target compounds were in most cases obtained in high yields, but with moderate enantiomeric ratios (up to 78:22).

  • 2635.
    Westerlund, Kristina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Protein Technology.
    Honarvar, H.
    Tolmachev, V.
    Eriksson Karlström, Amelie
    KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Protein Technology.
    Design, Preparation, and Characterization of PNA-Based Hybridization Probes for Affibody-Molecule-Mediated Pretargeting2015In: Bioconjugate chemistry, ISSN 1043-1802, E-ISSN 1520-4812, Vol. 26, no 8, p. 1724-1736Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In radioimmunotherapy, the contrast between tumor and normal tissue can be improved by using a pretargeting strategy with a primary targeting agent, which is conjugated to a recognition tag, and a secondary radiolabeled molecule binding specifically to the recognition tag. The secondary molecule is injected after the targeting agent has accumulated in the tumor and is designed to have a favorable biodistribution profile, with fast clearance from blood and low uptake in normal tissues. In this study, we have designed and evaluated two complementary peptide nucleic acid (PNA)-based probes for specific and high-affinity association in vivo. An anti-HER2 Affibody-PNA chimera, Z<inf>HER2:342</inf>-SR-HP1, was produced by a semisynthetic approach using sortase A catalyzed ligation of a recombinantly produced Affibody molecule to a PNA-based HP1-probe assembled using solid-phase chemistry. A complementary HP2 probe carrying a DOTA chelator and a tyrosine for dual radiolabeling was prepared by solid-phase synthesis. Circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy and UV thermal melts showed that the probes can hybridize to form a structured duplex with a very high melting temperature (T<inf>m</inf>), both in HP1:HP2 and in Z<inf>HER2:342</inf>-SR-HP1:HP2 (T<inf>m</inf> = 86-88 °C), and the high binding affinity between Z<inf>HER2:342</inf>-SR-HP1 and HP2 was confirmed in a surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based binding study. Following a moderately fast association (1.7 × 105 M-1 s-1), the dissociation of the probes was extremely slow and <5% dissociation was observed after 17 h. The equilibrium dissociation constant (K<inf>D</inf>) for Z<inf>HER2:342</inf>-SR-HP1:HP2 binding to HER2 was estimated by SPR to be 212 pM, suggesting that the conjugation to PNA does not impair Affibody binding to HER2. The biodistribution profiles of 111In- and 125I-labeled HP2 were measured in NMRI mice, showing very fast blood clearance rates and low accumulation of radioactivity in kidneys and other organs. The measured radioactivity in blood was 0.63 ± 0.15 and 0.41 ± 0.15%ID/g for 125I- and 111In-HP2, respectively, at 1 h p.i., and at 4 h p.i., the kidney accumulation of radioactivity was 0.17 ± 0.04%ID/g for 125I-HP2 and 3.83 ± 0.39%ID/g for 111In-HP2. Taken together, the results suggest that a PNA-based system has suitable biophysical and in vivo properties and is a promising approach for pretargeting of Affibody molecules.

  • 2636.
    Westman, Jacob
    et al.
    Personal Chemistry AB.
    Orrling, Kristina M
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Organic Pharmaceutical Chemistry.
    Cascade synthesis with (triphenylphosphoranylidene)ethenone as a versatile reagent for fast synthesis of heterocycles and unsaturated amides under microwave dielectric heating2002In: Combinatorial chemistry & high throughput screening, ISSN 1386-2073, E-ISSN 1875-5402, Vol. 5, no 7, p. 571-574Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A general procedure for the synthesis of a large variety of compounds comprising an alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyl functionality was developed. The use of one-pot cascade synthesis with (triphenylphosphoranylidene)ethenone as a versatile reagent for various formations including heterocycles of different ring sizes and unsaturated amides in combination with microwave dielectric heating is described. The method was used to synthesize a small library of unsaturated amides.

  • 2637.
    Wettergren, Jenny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Selective transfer hydrogenations: Catalyst development and mechanistic investigations2008Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    By generating a library of amino acid-based ligands, pseudo-dipeptides, and combining them with transition metals, we have created selective and efficient ruthenium and rhodium catalysts for the asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of ketones. The ruthenium-catalyzed reaction was studied in detail, and we found that alkali metals play a crucial role for the reactivity and selectivity of the reaction. Furthermore, we have performed kinetic studies on the catalytic system, and the experimental data does neither support the established inner-sphere nor the classical outer-sphere mechanism. Hence, a novel mechanism for the ruthenium-pseudo-dipeptide-catalyzed transfer hydrogenation is proposed. In this unprecedented outer-sphere mechanism, a hydride and an alkali metal ion are transferred from the donor to the ruthenium complex in the rate determining step.

    In addition, the pseudo-dipeptide ligands were employed in the rhodium-catalyzed transfer hydrogenation of aryl alkyl ketones to yield the corresponding alcohols in high yields and excellent enantioselectivities (up to 98% ee). The study revealed that the alkali metals, so important in the ruthenium analogue of the reaction, do not improve the enantioselectivity of the reaction. Deuterium labeling experiments showed that the reaction follows the mono hydridic route.

    Furthermore, a novel method for efficient catalyst screening has been developed. We have demonstrated that ligand synthesis, catalyst formation, and enantioselective catalysis can be performed using an in situ one-pot procedure. The efficacy of the concept was demonstrated in the enantioselective reduction of ketones. In addition to the simplification of the catalyst formation, this approach resulted in improvement of the product ee.

    Finally, the development of a reduction protocol for the transfer hydrogenation of ketones to alcohols without the involvement of transition metal catalysts is described. Using microwave irradiation, a range of ketones was efficiently reduced in high yields using catalytic amounts of lithium 2-propoxide in 2-propanol.

  • 2638.
    Wettergren, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Buitrago, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ryberg, Per
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Mechanistic Investigation on the Asymmetric Transfer Hydrogenation of Ketones Catalyzed by Pseudo-Dipeptides Ruthenium complexes2009In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 15, no 23, p. 5709-5718Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lithium-powered: A kinetic investigation into the asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of non-activated aryl alkyl ketones, catalyzed by N-Boc-protected -amino acid hydroxyamide ruthenium–arene complexes, has revealed that the reactions proceed through an unprecedented bimetallic outer-sphere mechanism. Under optimized conditions, these catalysts provide access to secondary alcohols in high yields and with excellent enantioselectivities (>99 % ee).

    The combination of N-Boc-protected -amino acid hydroxyamides (pseudo-dipeptides) and [{Ru(p-cymene)Cl2}2] resulted in the formation of superior catalysts for the asymmetric transfer hydrogenation (ATH) of non-activated aryl alkyl ketones in propan-2-ol. The overall kinetics of the ATH of acetophenone to form 1-phenylethanol in the presence of ruthenium pseudo-dipeptide catalysts were studied, and the individual rate constants for the processes were determined. Addition of lithium chloride to the reaction mixtures had a strong influence on the rates and selectivities of the processes. Kinetic isotope effects (KIEs) for the reduction were determined and the results clearly show that the hydride transfer is rate-determining, whereas no KIEs were detected for the proton transfer. From these observations a novel bimetallic outer-sphere-type mechanism for these ATH process is proposed, in which the bifunctional catalysts mediate the transfer of a hydride and an alkali metal ion between the hydrogen donor and the substrate. Furthermore, the use of a mixture of propan-2-ol and THF (1:1) proved to enhance the rates of the ATH reactions. A series of aryl alkyl ketones were reduced under these conditions in the presence of 0.5 mol % of catalyst, and the corresponding secondary alcohols were formed in high yields and with excellent enantioselectivities (>99 % ee) in short reaction times.

  • 2639.
    Wettergren, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Buitrago, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ryberg, Per
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Mechanistic investigations into the asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of ketones catalyzed by pseudo-dipeptide ruthenium complexes2009In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 15, no 23, p. 5709-5718Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2640.
    Widenkvist, Erika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Materials Chemistry.
    Fabrication and Functionalization of Graphene and Other Carbon Nanomaterials in Solution2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the last decades several new nanostructures of carbon have been discovered, including carbon nanotubes (CNTs), and the recently discovered 2-dimensional graphene. These new materials exhibit extraordinary and unique properties—making them extremely interesting both for fundamental science and for future applications. It is, however, of crucial importance to develop new and improved fabrication and processing methods for these carbon nanomaterials. In this thesis the concept of applying solution chemistry and solution-based techniques to fabricate and to deposit graphene and other carbon nanomaterials is explored.

    An area-selective deposition method was developed for CNT and carbon-coated iron nanoparticles. By utilizing organic functionalization the properties of the nanomaterials were tuned, with the purpose to make them soluble in a liquid solvent and also enable them to selectively adsorb to non-polar surfaces.

    The first step of the functionalization process was an acid treatment, to introduce defects in the materials. This method was also used to create defects in so-called carbon nanosheets (CNS). The effect of the defect formation on the electric properties of the graphene-like CNS was studied; it was found that the resistance of the CNS could be reduced to 1/50 by acid treating of the sample. Also, the effect of the created defects on gas adsorption to the surface of the CNS has been investigated. This was done using atomic layer deposition (ALD) of TiO2 on the CNS, and a clear change in nucleation be-havior was seen due to the acid-treatment.

    Furthermore, a solution-based new method for fabrication of graphene was developed; this method combines intercalation of bromine into graphite with ultrasonic treatment to exfoliate flakes into a solvent. From the solvent the flakes can be deposited onto an arbitrary substrate. Several important parameters in the method were investigated in order to optimize the process. One important parameter proved to be the choice of solvent in all steps of the procedure; it was shown to influence sonication yield, flake size, and deposition results. Toluene was identified as a suitable solvent. A mild heat-treatment of the starting material was also identified as a way to increase the exfoliation yield. Using this method, fabrication of few-layer graphene sheets was achieved and areas down to 3 layers in thickness were identified—this is in the very forefront of current solution-based graphene fabrication techniques.

  • 2641.
    Widenkvist, Erika
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Materials Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry.
    Boukhvalov, Danil
    Institute for Molecules and Materials, Radboud University of Nijmegen.
    Rubino, Stefano
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Experimental Physics.
    Akhtar, Sultan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Experimental Physics.
    Lu, Jun
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Materials Chemistry.
    Quinlan, Ronald
    Department of Applied Science, The College of William and Mary.
    Katsnelson, Mikhail I.
    Institute for Molecules and Materials, Radboud University .
    Leifer, Klaus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Experimental Physics.
    Grennberg, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Biochemistry and Organic Chemistry.
    Jansson, Ulf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Materials Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry.
    Mild sonochemical exfoliation of bromine-intercalated graphite a new route towards graphene2009In: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, ISSN 0022-3727, E-ISSN 1361-6463, Vol. 42, no 11, p. 112003-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A method to produce suspensions of graphene sheets by combining solution-based bromine intercalation and mild sonochemical exfoliation is presented. Ultrasonic treatment of graphite in water leads to the formation of suspensions of graphite flakes. The delamination is dramatically improved by intercalation of bromine into the graphite before sonication. The bromine intercalation was verified by Raman spectroscopy as well as by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and density functional theory (DFT) calculations show an almost ten times lower interlayer binding energy after introducing Br2 into the graphite. Analysis of the suspended material by transmission and scanning electron microscopy (TEM and SEM) revealed a significant content of few-layer graphene with sizes up to 30 µm, corresponding to the grain size of the starting material

  • 2642.
    Widing, Joakim
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE).
    Preparation of Affinity Based Probes to Elucidate the Mode of Action of y-Secretase Modulators2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    γ-Secretase is an enzyme that takes part of the breakdown of amyloid precursor protein (APP) into amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides. Aβ-peptides from this process can be linked to Alzheimer’s disease. γ-Secretase modulators (GSMs) have been reported in the literature to reduce the potentially dangerous variant of Aβ-peptides. However, the mechanism of the binding site for these modulators is poorly understood. In this report substances of affinity based probes (AfBPs) have been prepared that can be used as a method to extract the binding site. The AfBPs were constituted of a cross-linking group, a biotinyl group and a γ-secretase modulator. Different variants of the biotin probe were prepared to investigate if the activity of the original modulator could be retained. The report will show that this could be done.

    In the future, the synthesised affinity based probes could be used to understand the mode of action of γ-secretase modulators. For instance the modulator could be incubated with the enzyme and the crosslinking group, when activated, covalently bind to a residue near the binding site. The complex could then be captured on avidin and the binding site be determined.

  • 2643.
    Widmalm, Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    A perspective on the primary and three-dimensional structures of carbohydrates2013In: Carbohydrate Research, ISSN 0008-6215, E-ISSN 1873-426X, Vol. 378, p. 123-132Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Carbohydrates, in more biologically oriented areas referred to as glycans, constitute one of the four groups of biomolecules. The glycans, often present as glycoproteins or glycolipids, form highly complex structures. In mammals ten monosaccharides are utilized in building glycoconjugates in the form of oligo-(up to about a dozen monomers) and polysaccharides. Subsequent modifications and additions create a large number of different compounds. In bacteria, more than a hundred monosaccharides have been reported to be constituents of lipopolysaccharides, capsular polysaccharides, and exopolysaccharides. Thus, the number of polysaccharide structures possible to create is huge. NMR spectroscopy plays an essential part in elucidating the primary structure, that is, monosaccharide identity and ring size, anomeric configuration, linkage position, and sequence, of the sugar residues. The structural studies may also employ computational approaches for NMR chemical shift predictions (CASPER program). Once the components and sequence of sugar residues have been unraveled, the three-dimensional arrangement of the sugar residues relative to each other (conformation), their flexibility (transitions between and populations of conformational states), together with the dynamics (timescales) should be addressed. To shed light on these aspects we have utilized a combination of experimental liquid state NMR techniques together with molecular dynamics simulations. For the latter a molecular mechanics force field such as our CHARMM-based PARM22/SU01 has been used. The experimental NMR parameters acquired are typically H-1, H-1 cross-relaxation rates (related to NOEs), (3)JCH and (3)JCC trans-glycosidic coupling constants and H-1, C-13-and H-1, H-1-residual dipolar couplings. At a glycosidic linkage two torsion angles phi and psi are defined and for 6-substituted residues also the omega torsion angle is required. Major conformers can be identified for which highly populated states are present. Thus, in many cases a well-defined albeit not rigid structure can be identified. However, on longer timescales, oligosaccharides must be considered as highly flexible molecules since also anti-conformations have been shown to exist with H-C-O-C torsion angles of similar to 180 degrees, compared to syn-conformations in which the protons at the carbon atoms forming the glycosidic linkage are in close proximity. The accessible conformational space governs possible interactions with proteins and both minor changes and significant alterations occur for the oligosaccharides in these interaction processes. Transferred NOE NMR experiments give information on the conformation of the glycan ligand when bound to the proteins whereas saturation transfer difference NMR experiments report on the carbohydrate part in contact with the protein. It is anticipated that the subtle differences in conformational preferences for glycan structures facilitate a means to regulate biochemical processes in different environments. Further developments in the analysis of glycan structure and in particular its role in interactions with other molecules, will lead to clarifications of the importance of structure in biochemical regulation processes essential to health and disease.

  • 2644.
    Widmalm, Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Computational and experimental analysis of oligosaccharide conformation and dynamics2011In: Abstracts of Papers, 241st ACS National Meeting & Exposition, Anaheim, CA, United States, March 27-31, 2011, American Chemical Society (ACS), 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Carbohydrate structures in the form of glycoconjugates are found in Nature, e.g., as N- and O-linked glycoproteins, glycolipids, short-chain lipopolysaccharides also referred to as lipooligosaccharides and saponins.  The carbohydrate constituent may be studied as part of the glycoconjugate or as oligosaccharides. A number of experimental biophysical techniques are available in order to investigate their conformation and dynamics, in particular, NMR spectroscopy, both in solution and in the solid state, X-ray diffraction on crystals, neutron diffraction with isotopic substitution carried out in the solution state, optical rotation, ultrasonic relaxation and more recently Raman optical activity. Computational approaches including molecular mechanics,1 molecular dynamics simulations,2 ab initio and DFT methods3 may subsequently be employed to study and interpret conformational equilibria based on experimental data. The use of carbon-13 site-specifically synthesized oligosaccharides for obtaining, in particular, conformationally dependent trans-glycosidic homo- and heteronuclear coupling constants and interpretation of conformational equilibria from these based on recently developed Karplus-type relationships for spin-spin coupling constants over three bonds4 will be presented for different oligosaccharides in quest for a description of the population distribution of the torsion angles at the glycosidic linkage.

  • 2645. Wieczorek, Birgit
    et al.
    Träff, Annika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Krumlinde, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Dijkstra, Harm P.
    Egmond, Maarten R.
    van Koten, Gerard
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Klein Gebbink, Robertus J. M.
    Covalent anchoring of a racemization catalyst to CALB-beads: towards dual immobilization of DKR catalysts2011In: Tetrahedron Letters, ISSN 0040-4039, E-ISSN 1359-8562, Vol. 52, no 14, p. 1601-1604Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The preparation of a heterogeneous bifunctional catalytic system, combining the catalytic properties of an organometallic catalyst (racemization) with those of an enzyme (enantioselective acylation) is described. A novel ruthenium phosphonate inhibitor was synthesized and covalently anchored to a lipase immobilized on a solid support (CALB, Novozym® 435). The immobilized bifunctional catalytic system showed activity in both racemization of (S)-1-phenylethanol and selective acylation of 1-phenylethanol.

  • 2646. Wieczorek, Birgit
    et al.
    Träff, Annika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Krumlinde, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Dijkstra, Harm P.
    Egmond, Maarten R.
    van Koten, Gerard
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Klein Gebbink, Robertus J.M.
    Site-Specific Covalent Immobilization of a Racemization Catalyst onto Lipase-containing BeadsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The synthesis and application of the novel heterogeneous bifunctional catalyst CALB-5 as a racemization and resolution catalyst for the dynamic kinetic resolution is described. The semisynthetic ruthenium lipase hybrid CALB-5 was obtained by inhibiting CALB beads with the novel ruthenium phosphonate complex 5 possessing a lipase active site-directed phosphonate group. By partially inhibiting the lipase beads with 5, a bifunctional catalytic system was obtained. Racemization, by the Ru-catalytic site, gave 0% ee after 24 h, and the kinetic resolution, enzymatic acylation by the uninhibited CALB sites, gave 28% conversion of 1-phenylethanol after 3 h with >99% ee of the acetylated product. A dynamic kinetic resolution experiment of (S)-1-phenylethanol with CALB-5 gave the acylated (R)-product in 18% yield and with >99% ee.

  • 2647.
    Wiegand H, Wirz B
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry.
    Schweitzer A, Camenisch G.P
    Rodriguez Perez M.I, Gross G
    Woessner R, Voges R
    Arvidsson P.I, Frackenpohl J
    Seebach D.,
    3Asorpiton, Disposition, Metabolism and excretion, of a 14C-Labeled b-Nonapeptide Carrying the Side Chains of Ala, Lys, and Phe in Rats after i.v. and p.o. Administration22002In: Biopharm. Drugs Dispos., no 23, p. 251-262Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 2648. Wiegerinck, W.
    et al.
    Setkus, A.
    Buda, V.
    Borg-Karlson, Anna Karin
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Mozũraitis, Raimondas
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    De Gee, A.
    BOVINOSE: Pheromone-based sensor system for detecting estrus in dairy cows2011In: Procedia Comput. Sci., 2011, p. 340-342Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The BOVINOSE project (www.bovinose.eu) aims to develop an electronic nose to detect estrus in a dairy cow, and thus to determine the optimal timing of artificial insemination. The physical principle is based on detection of sex pheromones that are secreted by the cow, exclusively during estrus. These pheromones are the natural olfactory signal for the bull that the cow is in heat. This technology aims to help the dairy farmers in the EU, the vast majority being micro-enterprises run as family businesses.

  • 2649.
    Wihlborg, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Department of Cardiology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Slätt, Johnny
    Organic Chemistry, Novum, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sun, Xiangyang
    Clinical Pharmacology, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Zhao, Xiao-He
    Clinical Pharmacology, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Malmsjö, Malin
    Clinical Pharmacology, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bergman, Jan
    Hedner, Thomas
    Clinical Pharmacology, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Erlinge, David
    Department of Cardiology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    2,4'-Nitrophenylisatogen potentiates P2X1 receptor mediated vascular contraction and blood pressure elevation.2003In: Drug development research (Print), ISSN 0272-4391, E-ISSN 1098-2299, Vol. 59, no 1, p. 82-87Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this research was to examine the effects of chem. compds. with possible P2 receptor modulating effects and to characterize the potentiating effects of 2,4'-nitrophenylisatogen (NPI) on P2X1 receptors in vitro and in vivo. Chem. compds. were tested in an in vitro pharmacol. assay using vascular segments from the rat mesenteric artery stimulated by P2 receptor-specific agonists. Contractions were expressed as a percentage of 60 mM K+-induced contractions. Blood pressure was evaluated in pithed rats. NPI (30 ΌM) added 15 min before addn. of the P2X1 receptor-specific agonist αβ-MeATP increased the max. vasoconstriction from 23% to 49% (an increase of 113%). Furthermore, NPI prevented the desensitization of repeated αβ-MeATP contractions. Related compds. were examd., and 2-(3-methoxy-phenyl)-1-oxy-indol-3-one (MPI) had similar effects as NPI, but several others lacked effect. NPI had no effect on ADPβS (P2Y1) or acetylcholine-mediated vasodilatation, nor on UTP (P2Y2/4), UDP (P2Y6), or noradrenaline-mediated contractions. In pithed rats, the blood pressure response to 50 nmol/kg-infusion of αβ-MeATP was increased from 50 to 63 mmHg, but had no effect on basal blood pressure or on the cardiovascular response to preganglionic nerve stimulation. In conclusion, NPI and MPI potentiates P2X1 receptor vascular contractions in vitro and (NPI) blood pressure effects in vivo. It is possible that the effect is mediated by an inhibition of P2X1 receptor desensitization. [on SciFinder(R)]

  • 2650.
    Wiklander, Jesper G.
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Natural Sciences.
    Karlsson, Björn C. G.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Natural Sciences.
    Aastrup, Teodor
    Attana AB, Stockholm.
    Nicholls, Ian A.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Natural Sciences.
    A synthetic polymer with avidin-like binding properties2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A series of streptavidin mimicking molecularly imprinted polymers has been developed and evaluated for their biotin binding characteristics. A combination of molecular dynamics and NMR spectroscopy was used to examine potential polymer systems, in particular with the functional monomers methacrylic acid and 2-acrylamidopyridine. Synthesis of co-polymers of ethylene dimethacrylate and one or both of these functional monomers was performed. A combination of radioligand binding studies and surface area analyses (BET, SEM) demonstrated the presence of selectivity in polymers prepared using methacrylic acid as functional monomer. This correlated well with the molecular dynamics studies, showing the power of this methodology as a prognostic tool for predicting the behaviour of molecularly imprinted polymers.

50515253545556 2601 - 2650 of 2844
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