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  • 1.
    Dziedzic, Pawel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Amino acid-catalyzed synthesis of amino acid derivatives: Application and semi-synthesis of Paclitaxel, Docetaxel and their derivatives2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with different applications of organocatalysis, where amino acid derivatives and small peptides are applied as catalysts. First, the development of environmentally friendly aldol reactions, carried out in aqueous media is illustrated. The corresponding β-hydroxy ketones are formed with ee´s up to 99%. Chapter 3 describes the ability of β3-amino acids to selectively catalyze Mannich-type reactions and govern the formation of products with high anti-selectivity (up to >19:1) and ee´s up to 99%. In the following chapter, an amino acid-catalyzed one-pot three component Mannich reaction between dihydroxyacetone and PMP-protected imines, is presented. The corresponding a,a’-dihydroxy-b-aminoketones are obtained in high yields and with 82-95% ee. Next, an aza-Morita-Baylis-Hillman reaction was investigated where L-proline is the catalyst. The reaction proceeds with excellent chemo- and enantioselectivity to give the corresponding compounds in good yields and with 97-99% ee. Finally, the last part describes development of a proline-catalyzed Mannich reation between N-acyl imines and protected α-hydroxyaldehyes, providing access to different α-hydroxy-β-amino acids in good yields and high enantioselctivity (92-99% ee). The obtained amino acids were further applied in the semisynthesis of paclitaxel and docetaxel derivatives.

  • 2.
    Kjellberg, Alexandra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Studies of oligosaccharides and carbon-13 enriched bacterial polysaccharides using NMR spectroscopy and computer simulations1998Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The conformation and dynamics of the trisaccharide methyl β-D-Glcp-(1--> 2)[β-D-Glcp-(1 --> 3)] α-D-Manp and its constituent disaccharides methyl β-D-Glcp-(1 --> 2) α-D-Manp and methyl β-D-Glcp-(1 --> 3) α-D-Manp have been studied using computer simulations and NMR spectroscopy. The computer simulations applied were Metropolis Monte Carlo simulations employing the HSEA force field and Langevin dynamics simulations using the PARM22 and CHEAT95 force fileds. The NMR methods used were measurement of long-range heteronuclear coupling constants across the glycosidic linkages, measurement of carbon-13 nuclear relaxation rates for the determination of dynamical parameters according the Lipari-Szabo "model free" approach and measurements of homonuclear NOE and TROE cross relaxation rates for the determination of proton-proton distances. Experimental data were then compared to the corresponding parameters extracted from the various computer simulations.

    Studies of the carbon-13 labelled O-polysaccharides from Escherichia coli O25 and O91 have also been performed. 13C-13C TOCSY experiments, with the spin-lock on the carbon-13 nuclei, were applied to sugar residues of different geometries. This circumvented the problem of hampered magnetisation transfer encountered in residues with 3JHH < 2Hz when the spin-lock is applied on the protons.The carbon-13 labelling was also used to demonstrate the biosynthesis of one of the substituents in the Escherichia coli O91 O-polysaccharide.

  • 3.
    Stenutz, Roland
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    The structure and conformation of saccharides determined by experiment and simulation1997Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A computer program, CASPER, for sequence determination of oligosaccharides and regular polysaccharides using NMR-data, has been extended to support multiply branched structures. The program has been modified to allow the use of incomplete experimental data since spectral overlap can be a problem even at high fields. The resulting program was tested and used in the structure determination of the capsular polysaccharide from Klebsiella type K52.

    Four carboxyethyl-substituted sugars, methyl 4-O-[(R)- and (S)-1-carboxyethyl]-a-L-rhamnopyranoside and methyl 6-O-[(R)- and (S)-1-carboxyethyl]-a-D-galactopyranoside have been synthesized. The conformational properties of the latter two have been investigated by both NMR spectroscopy and molecular modelling studies. For the NMR-studies stereospecifically deuterated compounds were prepared.

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