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  • 1.
    Kinschel, Dominik
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE).
    Stable Redox Systems for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Dye sensitized solar cells are a new type of solar cells which open a new market thanks to their unique properties, which are semi transparency and the fact that they can be produced in various colors.

    After improving two existing syntheses for industrial applications, this thesis takes the approach to develop new redox mediators for devices with an aim on improving stability. Five redox mediators with cobalt, copper and iron as metal center were synthesized and characterized by NMR spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry and UV/VIS spectrophotometry. Three of them were selected for evaluation in test cells. Most promising results were obtained with a copper complex, using the tandem redox approach a new record efficiency of 7.7% for copper based electrolytes in dye-sensitized solar cells was obtained.

  • 2.
    MOTOKI, YOSHIDA
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE).
    Synthesis of Ruthenium-based Water Oxidation Catalysts and Mechanistic Study2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Two series of new mononuclear ruthenium complexes with hydrophobic or hydrophilic ligands [Ru(bda)L2] and [Ru(pdc)L3] (H2bda = 2,2'-bipyridine-6,6'-dicarboxylic acid; H2pdc = 2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid; L = pyridyl ligands) were synthesized and their electrochemical properties and catalytic activity toward water oxidation were examined. It was revealed that the hydrophobic ligands introduced to [Ru(bda)L2 ] improved the catalytic performance, ahnost twofold TON and TOF values were achieved compared to the [Ru(bda)] catalyst with hydrophilic ligands. The cyclic voltammogram of [Ru(bda)L2] exhibited marginal difference between the catalysts with hydrophobic ligands and hydrophilic ones, implying that the hydrophobic ligands promoted the catalytic activity by :lacilitating formation of a reaction intermediate dimer.

  • 3.
    SEIGEL, KAROLINA
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE).
    Hydrogen Bonding Catalysis of Imine Exchange with Thiourea and Squaramide Donors2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this work has been to investigate the ability of aromatic thiourea and squaramide compounds to catalyze the reversible imine exchange reaction via hydrogen bonding catalysis. The primary goal was to find an organocatalyst that could replace or complement the currently used catalysts, to enable new applications. Parameters such as the catalyst structure and loading, solvent dependence and water content have been explored. The results show that a low pKa of the hydrogen bond-donating hydrogens and a non-coordinating and polar solvent are very important to obtain a short equilibration time. Furthermore, the catalysts are proved to have great activity even at low loadings and to catalyze more than one step in the exchange reaction. The equilibrium time was determined by measuring the integrals of the 1H NMR signals from the imines as the reaction proceeded.

  • 4.
    Svensson, Fredric
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för kemi och biomedicin (KOB).
    Identification, Synthesis and Characterization of Semiochemicals of some Forest Beetles2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 poäng / 45 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This work consists of three parts. Part one deals with the syntheses of a number of common Cerambycidae and bark beetle semiochemicals. Additionally, syntheses for three new suspected Cerambycidae semiochemicals were developed. In part two, the elution order and Kovats retention indices of various bark beetle associated semiochemicals were determined on an enantioselective GC-column. In part three, SPME/GC-MS analyses of bark beetle associated fungi cultivations on terpenes were undertaken to find fungal degradation products with known electrophysical activity to bark beetles. A large number of bark beetle semiochemicals were found, including two bark beetle pheromones.

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