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  • 1.
    Ahlsten, Nanna
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Transition metal-catalysed isomerisation of allylic alcohols: Applications to C−C, C−F and C−Cl bond formation2013Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this thesis has been to develop selective and atom-economical methods for carbon-carbon and carbon-heteroatom bond formation, and to some extent improve on existing findings in this area. More specifically, methods for the catalytic generation of enolates from allylic alcohols and their in situ functionalisation with electrophilic reagents are described.  

    In the first part of this thesis, a method for the Rh-catalysed redox-isomerisation of allylic alcohols into carbonyl compounds under environmentally benign conditions is described. The reaction takes place at room temperature, in the absence of acids or bases, using water as the only solvent, and it is applicable to both primary and secondary allylic alcohols.

    The second part describes the combination of an isomerisation reaction of allylic alcohols with a C−C bond formation, catalysed by a rhodium complex. In this way, allylic alcohols were coupled with aldehydes and N-tosylimines to give aldol and Mannich-type products. In addition to allylic alcohols, homoallylic and bishomoallylic alcohols could be used as enolate precursors, and this is the first report where the latter two substrate types have been used in such a reaction.       

    In the remaining parts of the thesis, an iridium-catalysed isomerisation of allylic alcohols has been combined with an electrophilic halogenation step to provide a conceptually new method for the synthesis of α-halogenated carbonyl compounds. In this way, α-fluoro and α-chloroketones have been synthesised as single constitutional isomers, with the regiochemistry of the final products determined by the position of the double bond in the allylic alcohols. The reactions are tolerant to air, run in water-organic solvent mixtures, and proceed at room temperature.

  • 2.
    Ahlsten, Nanna
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Bermejo Gomez, Antonio
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Martin-Matute, Belen
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Iridium-Catalyzed 1,3-Hydrogen Shift/Chlorination of Allylic Alcohols2013Ingår i: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 52, nr 24, s. 6273-6276Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 3. Ahmad, Anees
    et al.
    Scarassati, Paulo
    Jalalian, Nazli
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi. Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil.
    Olofsson, Berit
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Silva, Luiz F., Jr.
    Oxidative rearrangement of alkenes using in situ generated hypervalent iodine(III)2013Ingår i: Tetrahedron Letters, ISSN 0040-4039, E-ISSN 1359-8562, Vol. 54, nr 43, s. 5818-5820Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A novel protocol for the oxidative rearrangement of alkenes using in situ generated hypervalent iodine(III) was developed. This approach uses inexpensive, readily available, and stable chemicals (PhI, mCPBA, and TsOH) giving rearrangement products in yields comparable to those obtained using the more expensive commercially available [hydroxy(tosyloxy)iodo]benzene [HTIB or Koser's reagent]. Additionally, an alternative protocol for the synthesis of 1-methyl-2-tetralone through the one-step epoxidation/rearrangement of 4-methyl-1,2-dihydronaphthalene using mCPBA and TsOH was developed.

  • 4.
    Alam, Rauful
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Mihai, Raducan
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK), Avdelningen för oorganisk kemi och strukturkemi.
    Szabo, Kalman J.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Selective Formation of Adjacent Stereocenters by Allylboration of Ketones under Mild Neutral Conditions2013Ingår i: Organic Letters, ISSN 1523-7060, E-ISSN 1523-7052, Vol. 15, nr 10, s. 2546-2549Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Allylboronic acids readily react with a broad variety of ketones, affording homoallylic alcohols with adjacent quaternary and tertiary stereocenters. The reaction proceeds with very high anti stereoselectivity even if the substituents of the keto group have a similar size. a-Keto acids react with syn stereoselectivity probably due to the formation of acyl boronate intermediates. The allylation reactions proceed without added acids/bases under mild conditions. Because of this, many functionalities are tolerated even with in situ generated allylboronic acids.

  • 5.
    Alam, Rauful
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Raducan, Mihai
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK).
    Szabó, Kálmán J.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Diastereoselective allylboration of wide variety of carbonyl compounds using allylboronic acids: Construction of adjacent tertiary and quaternary centers2013Ingår i: Abstracts of papers of The American Chemical Society, American Chemical Society (ACS), 2013, Vol. 246, s. 364-ORGN-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 6.
    Alamsetti, Santosh Kumar
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Persson, Andreas K. A.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Jiang, Tuo
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Scalable Synthesis of Oxazolones from Propargylic Alcohols through Multistep Palladium(II) Catalysis: beta-Selective Oxidative Heck Coupling of Cyclic Sulfonyl Enamides and Aryl Boroxines2013Ingår i: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 52, nr 51, s. 13745-13750Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 7.
    Ankner, Tobias
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Cosner, Casey C.
    Helquist, Paul
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Palladium- and Nickel-Catalyzed Alkenylation of Enolates2013Ingår i: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 19, nr 6, s. 1858-1871Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Transition-metal-catalyzed alkenylation of enolates provides a direct method to synthesize broadly useful ,-unsaturated carbonyl compounds from the corresponding carbonyl compound and alkenyl halides. Despite being reported in the early seventies, this reaction class saw little development for many years. In the past decade, however, efforts to develop this reaction further have increased considerably, and many research groups have reported efficient coupling protocols, including enantioselective versions. These reactions most commonly employ palladium catalysts, but there are also some important reports using nickel. There are many examples of this powerful transformation being used in the synthesis of complex natural products.

  • 8.
    Babu, Beneesh P.
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Meng, Xu
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Aerobic Oxidative Coupling of Arenes and Olefins through a Biomimetic Approach2013Ingår i: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 19, nr 13, s. 4140-4145Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 9.
    Bartholomeyzik, Teresa
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Palladium(II)-Catalyzed Oxidative Carbocyclization/Functionalization of Allenynes2013Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Palladium catalysis has emerged as an outstanding tool in synthetic organic chemistry for the mild and selective formation of carbon-carbon and carbon-heteroatom bonds. This thesis has been directed towards the extension of palladium(II)-catalyzed carbocyclization chemistry under oxidative conditions. An oxidative carbocyclization/functionalization methodology utilizing boron-containing transmetalation reagents was exploited to convert 1,5-allenynes into either arylated or borylated carbocycles. Two protocols were developed that use minimal amounts of Pd(OAc)2, stoichiometric para-benzoquinone as the oxidant and either bis(pinacolato)diboron or different arylboronic acids under mild conditions. A wide substrate scope is applicable to both methods. When the allenyne substrate bears a propargylic hydrogen, two isomeric functionalized carbocycles can be formed. By controlling the reaction conditions the reaction can be directed towards either of these two isomeric products. Kinetic isotope effect studies suggest that the mechanism leading to the different products proceeds through allylic or propargylic C-H bond cleavage, respectively. Moreover, it was observed that water has an interesting effect on the product selectivity when arylboronic acids are used in the oxidative carbocyclization of allenynes.

  • 10.
    Bartholomeyzik, Teresa
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Deng, Youqian
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Selective Palladium-catalyzed oxidative carbocyclization of allenynes2013Ingår i: Abstracts of Papers of The American Chemical Society, American Chemical Society (ACS), 2013Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 11.
    Bartoszewicz, Agnieszka
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Ahlsten, Nanna
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Martin-Matute, Belen
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Enantioselective Synthesis of Alcohols and Amines by Iridium-Catalyzed Hydrogenation, Transfer Hydrogenation, and Related Processes2013Ingår i: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 19, nr 23, s. 7274-7302Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The preparation of chiral alcohols and amines by using iridium catalysis is reviewed. The methods presented include the reduction of ketones or imines by using hydrogen (hydrogenations), isopropanol, formic acid, or formate (transfer hydrogenations). Also dynamic and oxidative kinetic resolutions leading to chiral alcohols and amines are included. Selected literature reports from early contributions to December 2012 are discussed.

  • 12. Battistel, Marcos D.
    et al.
    Pendrill, Robert
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Widmalm, Göran
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Freedberg, Daron I.
    Direct Evidence for Hydrogen Bonding in Glycans: A Combined NMR and Molecular Dynamics Study2013Ingår i: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, ISSN 1520-6106, E-ISSN 1520-5207, Vol. 117, nr 17, s. 4860-4869Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We introduce the abundant hydroxyl groups of glycans as NMR handle's and structural probes to expand the repertoire of tools for structure function studies on glycans in solution. To this end, we present the facile detection and assignment of hydroxyl groups in a Wide range of sample concentrations (0.5-1700 mM) and temperatures, ranging from -5 to 25 degrees C.,We then exploit this information to directly detect hydrogen bonds, well-known for their importance in molecular structural determination through NMR. Via HSQC-TOCSY, we were able to determine the directionality; of these hydrogen bonds in sucrose Furthermore, by means Of molecular dynamics simulations in conjunction with NMR, we establish that one Out of the three detected hydrogen bonds arises from intermolecular interactions. This finding may shed light on glycan glycan interactions and glycan recognition by proteins.

  • 13. Biswas, Srijit
    et al.
    Dahlstrand, Christian
    Watile, Rahul A.
    Kalek, Marcin
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Himo, Fahmi
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Samec, Joseph S. M.
    Atom-Efficient Gold(I)-Chloride-Catalyzed Synthesis of alpha-Sulfenylated Carbonyl Compounds from Propargylic Alcohols and Aryl Thiols: Substrate Scope and Experimental and Theoretical Mechanistic Investigation2013Ingår i: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 19, nr 52, s. 17939-17950Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Gold(I)-chloride-catalyzed synthesis of -sulfenylated carbonyl compounds from propargylic alcohols and aryl thiols showed a wide substrate scope with respect to both propargylic alcohols and aryl thiols. Primary and secondary aromatic propargylic alcohols generated -sulfenylated aldehydes and ketones in 60-97% yield. Secondary aliphatic propargylic alcohols generated -sulfenylated ketones in yields of 47-71%. Different gold sources and ligand effects were studied, and it was shown that gold(I) chloride gave the highest product yields. Experimental and theoretical studies demonstrated that the reaction proceeds in two separate steps. A sulfenylated allylic alcohol, generated by initial regioselective attack of the aryl thiol on the triple bond of the propargylic alcohol, was isolated, evaluated, and found to be an intermediate in the reaction. Deuterium labeling experiments showed that the protons from the propargylic alcohol and aryl thiol were transferred to the 3-position, and that the hydride from the alcohol was transferred to the 2-position of the product. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations showed that the observed regioselectivity of the aryl thiol attack towards the 2-position of propargylic alcohol was determined by a low-energy, five-membered cyclic protodeauration transition state instead of the strained, four-membered cyclic transition state found for attack at the 3-position. Experimental data and DFT calculations supported that the second step of the reaction is initiated by protonation of the double bond of the sulfenylated allylic alcohol with a proton donor coordinated to gold(I) chloride. This in turn allows for a 1,2-hydride shift, generating the final product of the reaction.

  • 14.
    Blomberg, Margareta R. A.
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Siegbahn, Per E. M.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Why is the reduction of NO in cytochrome c dependent nitric oxide reductase (cNOR) not electrogenic?2013Ingår i: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics, ISSN 0005-2728, E-ISSN 1879-2650, Vol. 1827, nr 7, s. 826-833Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The membrane-bound enzyme cNOR (cytochrome c dependent nitric oxide reductase) catalyzes the reduction of NO in a non-electrogenic process. This is in contrast to the reduction of O-2 in cytochrome c oxidase (CcO), the other member of the heme-copper oxidase family, which stores energy by the generation of a membrane gradient. This difference between the two enzymes has not been understood, but it has been speculated to be of kinetic origin, since per electron the NO reduction is more exergonic than the O-2 reduction, and the energy should thus be enough for an electrogenic process. However, it has not been clear how and why electrogenicity, which mainly affects the thermodynamics, would slow down the very exergonic NO reduction. Quantum chemical calculations are used to construct a free energy profile for the catalytic reduction of NO in the active site of cNOR. The energy profile shows that the reduction of the NO molecules by the enzyme and the formation of N2O are very exergonic steps, making the rereduction of the enzyme endergonic and rate-limiting for the entire catalytic cycle. Therefore the NO reduction cannot be electrogenic, i.e. cannot take electrons and protons from the opposite sides of the membrane, since it would increase the endergonicity of the rereduction when the gradient is present, thereby increasing the rate-limiting barrier, and the reaction would become too slow. It also means that proton pumping coupled to electron transfer is not possible in cNOR In CcO the corresponding rereduction of the enzyme is very exergonic.

  • 15. Cadu, Alban
    et al.
    Andersson, Pher G.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi. Council for Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) - South Africa .
    Iridium catalysis: application of asymmetric reductive hydrogenation2013Ingår i: Dalton Transactions, ISSN 1477-9226, E-ISSN 1477-9234, Vol. 42, nr 40, s. 14345-14356Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Iridium, despite being one of the least abundant transition metals, has found several uses. N,P-ligated iridium catalysts are used to perform many highly selective reactions. These methodologies have been developed extensively over the past 15 years. More recently, the application of iridium N,P catalysts in asymmetric hydrogenation has been a focus of research to find novel applications and to expand on their current synthetic utility. The aim of this perspective is to highlight the advances made by the Andersson group.

  • 16. Cadu, Alban
    et al.
    Upadhyay, Puspesh K.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Andersson, Pher G.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi. University of Kwazulu Natal, South Africa.
    Iridium-Catalyzed Asymmetric Hydrogenation of Substituted Pyridines2013Ingår i: Asian Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 2193-5807, Vol. 2, nr 12, s. 1061-1065Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Asymmetric hydrogenation of ortho-substituted pyridines catalyzed by N,P-ligated iridium is demonstrated. To facilitate this reaction, the aromaticity of the pyridines was weakened by forming N-iminopyridium ylides. The reactions give very high conversions, and after a single recrystallization, excellent ee of up to 98% was obtained. This method lends itself to the synthesis of chiral piperidine building blocks.

  • 17. Chassagne, Pierre
    et al.
    Fontana, Carolina
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Guerreiro, Catherine
    Gauthier, Charles
    Phalipon, Armelle
    Widmalm, Göran
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Mulard, Laurence A.
    Structural Studies of the O-Acetyl-Containing O-Antigen from a Shigella flexneri Serotype 6 Strain and Synthesis of Oligosaccharide Fragments Thereof2013Ingår i: European Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 1434-193X, E-ISSN 1099-0690, nr 19, s. 4085-4106Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Extensive analysis by NMR spectroscopy of the delipidated lipopolysaccharide of Shigella flexneri serotype 6 strain MDC 2924-71 confirmed the most recently reported structure of the O-antigen repeating unit as {4)--D-GalpA-(13)--D-GalpNAc-(12)--L-Rhap3Ac/4Ac-(12)--L-Rhap-(1}, and revealed the non-stoichiometric acetylation at O-3C/4C. Input from the CASPER program helped to ascertain the fine distribution of the three possible patterns of O-acetylation. The non-O-acetylated repeating unit (ABCD) corresponded to about 2/3 of the population, while 1/4 was acetylated at O-3C (3AcCDAB), and 1/10 at O-4C (4AcCDAB). Di- to tetrasaccharides with a GalpA residue (A) at their reducing end were synthesized as their propyl glycosides following a multistep linear strategy relying on late-stage acetylation at O-3C. Thus, the 3C-O-acetylated and non-O-acetylated targets were synthesized from common protected intermediates. Rhamnosylation was most efficiently achieved by using imidate donors, including at O-4 of a benzyl galacturonate acceptor. In contrast, a thiophenyl 2-deoxy-2-trichloroacetamido-D-galactopyranoside precursor was preferred for chain elongation involving residue B. Final Pd/C-mediated deprotection ensured O-acetyl stability. All of the target molecules represent parts of the O-antigen of S. flexneri 6, a prevalent serotype. Non-O-acetylated oligosaccharides are also fragments of the Escherichia coli O147 O-antigen.

  • 18.
    Chen, Hong
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK), Avdelningen för oorganisk kemi och strukturkemi.
    Deng, Youqian
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Yu, Zhengbao
    Zhao, Huishuang
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK).
    Yao, Qingxia
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK), Avdelningen för oorganisk kemi och strukturkemi.
    Zou, Xiaodong
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK), Avdelningen för oorganisk kemi och strukturkemi.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK).
    3D Open-Framework Vanadoborate as a Highly Effective Heterogeneous Pre-catalyst for the Oxidation of Alkylbenzenes2013Ingår i: Chemistry of Materials, ISSN 0897-4756, E-ISSN 1520-5002, Vol. 25, nr 24, s. 5031-5036Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Three three-dimensional (3D) open-framework vanadoborates, denoted as SUT-6-Zn, SUT-6-Mn, and SUT-6-Ni, were synthesized using diethylenetriamine as a template. SUT-6-Zn, SUT-6-Mn, and SUT-6-Ni are isostructural and built from (VO)(12)O-6 B18O36(OH)(6) clusters bridged by ZnO5, MnO6, and NiO6 polyhedra, respectively, to form the 3D frameworks. SUT-6 is the first vanadoborate with a 3D framework. The framework follows a semiregular hxg net topology with a 2-fold interpenetrated diamond-like channel system. The amount of template used in the synthesis played an important role in the dimensionality of the resulting vanadoborate structures. A small amount of diethylenetriamine led to the formation of this first 3D vanadoborate framework, while an increased amount of diethylenetriamine resulted in vanadoborates with zero-dimensional (0D) and one-dimensional (1D) structures. SUT-6-Zn was proved to be an efficient heterogeneous precatalyst for the oxidation of alkylbenzenes.

  • 19. Coll, Mercedes
    et al.
    Pamies, Oscar
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Dieguez, Montserrat
    Second-Generation Amino Acid Furanoside Based Ligands from D-Glucose for the Asymmetric Transfer Hydrogenation of Ketones2013Ingår i: ChemCatChem, ISSN 1867-3880, E-ISSN 1867-3899, Vol. 5, nr 12, s. 3821-3828Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A novel series of modular amino acid thioamide ligands functionalized with carbohydrates were introduced and employed in the rhodium-catalyzed asymmetric transfer hydrogenation (ATH) of aryl alkyl ketones, including the less-studied heteroaromatic ketones. The ligands are based on amino acid hydroxyamides (pseudodipeptides), which are the most successful ligands previously used in asymmetric hydrogen transfer reactions. High enantioselectivities [up to 99% enantiomeric excess (ee)] were achieved in the ATH of a wide range of aryl alkyl ketones by using catalysts generated insitu from [RhCl2Cp*](2) (Cp*=C5Me5) and thioamide ligands comprising a 3-benzyl glucofuranoside backbone and a bulky isopropyl group in the -amino acid moiety. Interestingly, both enantiomers of the alcohol products can readily be obtained with high enantioselectivity by simply changing the absolute configuration of the -amino acid. The good performance can be extended to a very challenging class of industrially interesting heteroaromatic ketones (up to 99%ee).

  • 20. Cosner, Casey C.
    et al.
    Iska, Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy
    Chatterjee, Anamitra
    Markiewicz, John T.
    Corden, Steven J.
    Löfstedt, Joakim
    Ankner, Tobias
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Richer, Joshua
    Hulett, Tyler
    Schauer, Douglas J.
    Wiest, Olaf
    Helquist, Paul
    Evolution of Concise and Flexible Synthetic Strategies for Trichostatic Acid and the Potent Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor Trichostatin A2013Ingår i: European Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 1434-193X, E-ISSN 1099-0690, nr 1, s. 162-172Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    (R)-(+)-Trichostatic acid and (R)-(+)-trichostatin A (TSA) are natural products that have attracted considerable attention in the field of epigenetic therapies. TSA in particular is a naturally occurring hydroxamic acid having potent activity as a histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) and having significant potential for treatment of a myriad of genetically based diseases. Development of TSA and other trichostatic acid derivatives into useful small-molecule therapies has been hindered by the low natural abundance and high cost associated with these compounds. We report herein our collective efforts towards the development of concise and scalable routes for the synthesis of trichostatic acid and TSA in both racemic and enantioenriched forms. Three independent synthetic pathways were developed with varying degrees of efficiency and convergency. In the first synthesis, the key step was a vinylogous Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons condensation. A Marshall propargylation reaction was used as the key step in the second synthesis, and Pd-catalyzed a-alkenylation of a ketone zinc enolate by using various functionalized alkenyl or dienyl halides was developed for the third synthesis. The second pathway proved to be readily amenable to an enantioselective modification, and both the second and third pathways were straightforwardly adapted for the facile preparation of new analogues of trichostatic acid and TSA.

  • 21.
    Deiana, Luca
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Development of Catalytic Enantioselective Approaches for the Synthesis of Carbocycles and Heterocycles2013Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In biological systems, most of the active organic molecules are chiral. Some of the main constituents of living organisms are amino acids and sugars. They exist predominantly in only one enantiomerically pure form. For example, our proteins are built-up by L-amino acids and as a consequence they are enatiomerically pure and will interact in different ways with enantiomers of chiral molecules. Indeed, different enantiomers or diastereomers of a molecule could often have a drastically different biological activity. It is of paramount importance in organic synthesis to develop new routes to control and direct the stereochemical outcome of reactions. The aim of this thesis is to investigate new protocols for the synthesis of complex chiral molecules using simple, environmentally friendly proline-based organocatalysts. We have investigated, the aziridination of linear and branched enals, the stereoselective synthesis of β-amino acids with a carbene co-catalyst, the synthesis of pyrazolidines, the combination of heterogeneous transition metal catalysis and amine catalysis to deliver cyclopentenes bearing an all-carbon quaternary stereocenter and a new heterogeneous dual catalyst system for the carbocyclization of enals. The reactions presented in this thesis afforded the corresponding products with high levels of chemo-, diastero- and enantioselectivity.

  • 22.
    Deng, Youqian
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Palladium-Catalyzed Oxidative Acyloxylation/Carbocyclization of Allenynes2013Ingår i: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 52, nr 11, s. 3217-3221Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 23.
    Deng, Youqian
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Teresa, Bartholomeyzik
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Control of Selectivity in Palladium-Catalyzed Oxidative Carbocyclization/Borylation of Allenynes2013Ingår i: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 52, nr 24, s. 6283-6287Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In control: A highly selective carbocyclization/borylation of allenynes with bis(pinacolato)diboron (B2pin2) under palladium catalysis and with p-benzoquinone (BQ) as the oxidant was developed. The use of either LiOAc⋅2 H2O with 1,2-dichloroethane (DCE) as the solvent or BF3⋅Et2O together with THF is crucial for the selective formation of borylated trienes and vinylallenes, respectively.

  • 24.
    Engström, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Johnston, Eric V.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Verho, Oscar
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Gustafson, Karl P. J.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Shakeri, Mozaffar
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Tai, Cheuk-Wai
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK), Avdelningen för oorganisk kemi och strukturkemi.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Co-immobilization of an Enzyme and a Metal into the Compartments of Mesoporous Silica for Cooperative Tandem Catalysis: An Artificial Metalloenzyme2013Ingår i: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 52, nr 52, s. 14006-14010Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Surpassing nature: A hybrid catalyst in which Candida antarctica lipase B and a nanopalladium species are co-immobilized into the compartments of mesoporous silica is presented. The metal nanoparticles and the enzyme are in close proximity to one another in the cavities of the support. The catalyst mimics a metalloenzyme and was used for dynamic kinetic resolution of a primary amine in high yield and excellent enantioselectivity.

  • 25.
    Engström, Olof
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Carbohydrate dynamics and interactions studied by NMR spectroscopy2013Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The combination of NMR spectroscopy and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations are powerful tools in the studying of bioorganic molecules in solution. In this thesis two such studies are presented with focus on the NMR aspect. The caffeine association to sugars (D-glucose and sucrose) was investigated by NMR titrations and NOESY experiments in paper I. The observations from the NMR experiments confirmed MD simulations showing that the binding occurs by a face-to-face interaction between the aromatic surface of the caffeine and axial protons of the sugar ring. Different sugar molecules and residues have different preferences regarding which side of the sugar ring that are involved in the binding. The sucrose residues bind with only one ring face each whereas β-D-glucopyranose has two sides of similar binding probability and the α-D-glucopyranose has something in between. The MD simulations showed that the driving force of the binding is partly driven by hydration effects that favor the enthalpy of the system. A new approach to calculate NMR relaxation parameters (that is dependent on molecular motions) from computational simulations is presented in paper II. Each sugar residue is assumed to be a rigid unit connected by flexible joints in the approach, thus the name diffusive chain model (DCM). The simplified model together with a stochastic simulation approach lowers the computational cost which makes it possible to acquire long enough trajectories to the calculations of spin relaxation parameters. Two case studies with slightly different methodologies are presented. In one of them, spin relaxation parameters are reproduced for the human milk oligosaccharide LNF-1 in a feasible way by the use of Brownian dynamics.

  • 26.
    Eriksson, Kristofer
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Development and Applications of Surface-Confined Transition Metal Complexes: Heterogeneous Catalysis and Anisotropic Particle Surfaces2013Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The main focus of this thesis has been directed towards developing novel surface-confined transition metal complexes for applications in heterogeneous catalysis and for the preparation of anisotropic particle surfaces. The first part describes the heterogenization of a homogeneous transition metal-based catalyst tetraphenyl cobalt porphyrin (CoTPP) on silicon wafers and on silica particles. The activity in hydroquinone oxidation for the silica particle-immobilized CoTPPs was found to be increased 100-fold compared to its homogeneous congener whereas the silicon wafer-immobilized CoTPPs achieved lower activity due to the formation of clusters of catalyst molecules on the support surface as detected with atomic force microscopy (AFM). The second part of this thesis describes the development and characterization of anisotropic particle-surfaces by electrochemical site-specific oxidation of surface-confined thiols. Reactive patches or gold gradients could be obtained on the particle surfaces depending on the type of working electrode used and on the electrolyte composition. The particle surface functionalities were characterized with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and the particle-surface-confined patches and gradients were conjugated with proteins to obtain fluorescence for investigation using fluorescence microscopy. Gold-functionalized siliceous mesocellular foams were further demonstrated to be highly efficient and selective catalysts in the cycloisomerization of 4-alkynoic acids to lactones. The final part of this thesis describes the preparation and characterization of palladium nanoparticles heterogenized in the pores of siliceous mesocellular foam. The nanoparticles were analyzed with transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and found to have a size of 1-2 nm. Primary- and secondary benzylic- and allylic alcohols were oxidized by the heterogeneous palladium nanoparticles in high to excellent yields using air atmosphere as the oxygen source. The nanopalladium catalyst was used up to five times without any decrease in activity and the size of the nanoparticles was retained according to TEM.

  • 27.
    Eriksson, Kristofer
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Gothelid, Emmanuelle
    Puglia, Carla
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Oscarsson, Sven
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Performance of a biomimetic oxidation catalyst immobilized on silica particles2013Ingår i: Journal of Catalysis, ISSN 0021-9517, E-ISSN 1090-2694, Vol. 303, s. 16-21Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A biomimetic oxidation catalyst, cobalt porphyrin with thiol linkers, was chemically conjugated to silica particles and utilized in the oxidation of hydroquinone to benzoquinone. The cobalt porphyrin/silica particle catalyst was characterized with Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS). The catalytic performance of the cobalt porphyrin molecules was compared to previous results for the same catalyst grafted to a gold surface and on silicon wafers. The measured catalytic activity, after background correction, was 100 times higher than that of its homogeneous counterpart, 10 times higher than that on a silicon wafer, and almost the same as that on a gold surface. The turnover frequency rates after 400 h are still comparable with initial rates reported for homogeneous porphyrins and salophens, whereas the use of particles as support increases the active surface area, which removes the limitations for scale-up associated with the previously used silicon wafers and gold surfaces.

  • 28.
    Fontana, Carolina
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    NMR spectroscopy in structural and conformational analysis of bacterial polysaccharides2013Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Carbohydrates constitute one of the three major classes of biomolecules found in all living cells and, unlike nucleic acids and proteins, their polymeric structures are not based on a template. The structural diversity of these molecules confers them an enormous capacity to encode information in biological systems, acting as efficient mediators in the interaction of the cell with the environment. In order to understand the roles of glycans in biological processes it is of key importance to have a detailed understanding of their structures and conformational preferences, and NMR spectroscopy is one of most powerful techniques for the study of these molecules in solution.

    This thesis is focused on the structural and conformational analysis of lipopolysaccharides from Gram-negative bacteria. In the first two projects (Chapter 2 and 3) the structural analyses of the biological repeating units of the O-antigen polysaccharides from E. coli O174ab and O115 are described; in both cases a combination of NMR spectroscopy and gas chromatography techniques were used. Special emphasis was made in the characterization of the O-acetylation patterns observed in the native O-antigen polysaccharide from E. coli O115. Chapter 4 describes the development of a new methodology for the determination of the absolute configuration of monosaccharide components of glycans. This methodology was used in the structural elucidation of the O-antigen PS of E. coli O155 (Chapter 5) that was carried out in a semi-automated manner using the program CASPER and unassigned NMR data. The conformational preferences of O-antigen PS of E. coli O5ac and O5ab are analyzed in Chapter 6, using a combination of NMR spectroscopy and molecular modeling methods. In Chapter 7 the structural analysis is focused on the core region of the LPS, and the structures of the deacylated lipooligosaccharides of three rough mutants of B. melitesis are reported. In several of the aforementioned chapters, the biosynthetic aspects behind the assembly of the respective PSs were examined on the bases of genetic information available in the NCBI and ECODAB databases.  Finally, in Chapter 8, different NMR pulse sequences available for the study of proteins and nucleic acids were evaluated and optimized for the structural analysis of 13C uniformly-labeled oligo- and polysaccharides.

  • 29.
    Fontana, Carolina
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Ramström, Kristoffer
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Weintraub, Andrej
    Widmalm, Göran
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Structural studies of the O-antigen polysaccharide from Escherichia coli O115 and biosynthetic aspects thereof2013Ingår i: Glycobiology, ISSN 0959-6658, E-ISSN 1460-2423, Vol. 23, nr 3, s. 354-362Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The structure of the O-antigen polysaccharide (PS) of Escherichia coliO115 has been investigated using a combination of component analysis and 1D and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy experiments. The repeating unit of the O-antigen was elucidated using the O-deacetylated PS and has the following branched pentasaccharide structure: →3)[β-L-Rhap-(1 → 4)]-β-D-GlcpNAc-(1 → 4)-α-D-GalpA-(1 → 3)-α-D-Manp-(1 → 3)-β-D-GlcpNAc-(1→. Cross-peaks of low intensity, corresponding to a β-L-Rhap-(1 → 4)-β-D-GlcpNAc-(1→ structural element, were present in the NMR spectra and attributed to the terminal part of the PS; this information defines the biological repeating unit of the O-antigen by having a 3-substituted N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (GlcNAc) residue at its reducing end. Analysis of the NMR spectra of the native PS revealed O-acetyl groups distributed over different positions of theL-Rhap residue (∼0.70 per repeating unit) as well as at O-2 and O-3 of the D-GalpA residue (∼0.03 and ∼0.25 per repeating unit, respectively), which is in agreement with the presence of two acetyltransferases previously identified in the O-antigen gene cluster (Wang Q, Ruan X, Wei D, Hu Z, Wu L, Yu T, Feng L, Wang L. 2010. Mol Cell Probes. 24:286–290.). In addition, the four glycosyltransferases initially identified in the O-antigen gene cluster of E. coli O115 were analyzed using BLAST, and the function of two of them predicted on the basis of similarities with glycosyltransferases from Shigella dysenteriae type 5 and 12, as well as E. coli O58 and O152.

  • 30.
    Fontana, Carolina
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Weintraub, Andrej
    Karolinska Institute.
    Widmalm, Göran
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Facile Structural Elucidation of Glycans Using NMR Spectroscopy Data and the Program CASPER: Application to the O-Antigen Polysaccharide of Escherichia coli O1552013Ingår i: ChemPlusChem, ISSN 2192-6506, Vol. 78, nr 11, s. 1327-1329Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The program CASPER was successfully employed to rapidly elucidate a new O-antigen polysaccharide structure (obtained from a strain of Escherichia coli serogroup O155), using solelyunassigned NMR spectroscopy data as input information. Thus, what is considered the most tedious and time-consuming part of the structural elucidation process has been reduced from several hours (or even days) of manual interpretation to about four minutes of automated analysis.

  • 31. George, Riham F.
    et al.
    Ismail, Nasser S. M.
    Stawinski, Jacek
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Girgis, Adel S.
    Design, synthesis and QSAR studies of dispiroindole derivatives as new antiproliferative agents2013Ingår i: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, ISSN 0223-5234, E-ISSN 1768-3254, Vol. 68, s. 339-351Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A variety of 4'-ary1-3-(arylmethylidene)-1 ''-[(cyclic-amino)methylene]-1'-methyl-dispiro[cyclohexane-1,3'-pyrrolidine-2',3 ''-[3H]indole]-2,2 ''(1H)-diones 4a-u were prepared via reaction of 2E,6E-bis(arylidene)-1-cyclohexanones 1a-i with azomethine ylides, generated in situ via a decarboxylative condensation of isatins 2a-c and sarcosine (3). Single crystal X-ray study of 4a, revealed structural and stereochemical features of these derivatives. While most of the synthesized compounds exhibit mild antitumor properties when tested against various human tumor cell lines (HEPG2 liver, HELA cervical and PD prostate cancers), three of them, 4d and 4p (active against HEPG2), and compound 4g (active against HELA), demonstrated higher activities, that were close or even higher than that of the reference standard Doxorubicin. QSAR studies revealed good predictive and statistically significant 3 descriptor models (r(2) = 0.903-0.812, r(adjusted)(2) = 0.855-0.672, r(prediction)(2) = 0.773-0.605).

  • 32.
    Gigant, Nicolas
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Bäckvall, Jan E.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Synthesis of Conjugated Dienes via a Biomimetic Aerobic Oxidative Coupling of Two CvinylH Bonds2013Ingår i: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 19, nr 33, s. 10799-10803Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A time to dienes: A highly efficient and general method has been developed to prepare conjugated dienes through a biomimetic approach. This aerobic oxidative coupling, involving two CvinylH bonds, proceeds under low Pd catalyst loading and employs catalytic amounts of p-benzoquinone and iron phthalocyanine as electron-transfer mediators (ETMs) under ambient oxygen pressure (see scheme).

  • 33. Harper, James K.
    et al.
    Tishler, Derek
    Richardson, David
    Lokvam, John
    Pendrill, Robert
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Widmalm, Göran
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Solid-State NMR Characterization of the Molecular Conformation in Disordered Methyl alpha-L-Rhamnofuranoside2013Ingår i: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, ISSN 1089-5639, E-ISSN 1520-5215, Vol. 117, nr 26, s. 5534-5541Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A combination of solid-state C-13 NMR tensor data and DFT computational methods is utilized to predict the conformation in disordered methyl alpha-L-rhamnofuranoside. This previously uncharacterized solid is found to be crystalline and consists of at least six distinct conformations that exchange on the kHz time scale. A total of 66 model structures were evaluated, and six were identified as being consistent with experimental C-13 NMR data. All feasible structures have very similar carbon and oxygen positions and differ most significantly in OH hydrogen orientations. A concerted rearrangement of OH hydrogens is proposed to account for the observed dynamic disorder. This rearrangement is accompanied by smaller changes in ring conformation and is slow enough to be observed on the NMR time scale due to severe steric crowding among ring substituents. The relatively minor differences in non-hydrogen atom positions in the final structures suggest that characterization of a complete crystal structure by X-ray powder diffraction may be feasible.

  • 34. Hayashi, Yukiko
    et al.
    Santoro, Stefano
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Azuma, Yuki
    Himo, Fahmi
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Ohshima, Takashi
    Mashima, Kazushi
    Enzyme-Like Catalysis via Ternary Complex Mechanism: Alkoxy-Bridged Dinuclear Cobalt Complex Mediates Chemoselective O-Esterification over N-Amidation2013Ingår i: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 135, nr 16, s. 6192-6199Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Hydroxy group-selective acylation in the presence of more nucleophilic amines was achieved using acetates of first-row late transition metals, such as Mn, Fe, Co, Cu, and Zn. Among them, cobalt(II) acetate was the best catalyst in terms of reactivity and selectivity. The combination of an octanuclear cobalt carboxylate cluster [Co-4(OCOR)(6)O](2) (2a: R = CF3, 2b: R = CH3, 2c: R = Bu-t) with nitrogen-containing ligands, such as 2,2'-bipyridine, provided an efficient catalytic system for transesterification, in which an alkoxide-bridged dinuclear complex, Co-2((OCOBu)-Bu-t)(2)-(bpy)(2)(mu(2)-OCH2-C6H4-4-CH3)(2) (10), was successfully isolated as a key intermediate. Kinetic studies and density functional theory calculations revealed Michaelis-Menten behavior of the complex 10 through an ordered ternary complex mechanism similar to dinuclear metallo-enzymes, suggesting the formation of alkoxides followed by coordination of the ester.

  • 35. He, Xibing
    et al.
    Hatcher, Elizabeth
    Eriksson, Lars
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK).
    Widmalm, Göran
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    MacKerell, Alexander D., Jr.
    Bifurcated Hydrogen Bonding and Asymmetric Fluctuations in a Carbohydrate Crystal Studied via X-ray Crystallography and Computational Analysis2013Ingår i: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, ISSN 1520-6106, E-ISSN 1520-5207, Vol. 117, nr 25, s. 7546-7553Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The structure of the O-methyl glycoside of the naturally occurring 6-O-[(R)-1-carboxyethyl]-alpha-D-galactopyranose, C10H18O8, has been determined by X-ray crystallography at 100 K, supplementing the previously determined structure obtained at 293 K (Acta Crystallogr. 1996, C52, 2285-2287). Molecular dynamics simulations of this glycoside were Performed in the crystal environment with different numbers of units cells included in the primary simulation system at both 100 and 293 K. The Calculated unit cell Parameters and the intramolecular geometries (bonds, angles, and dihedrals) agree well with experimental results. Atomic fluctuations, including B-factors and anisotropies, are in good agreement with respect to the relative values on an atom-by-atom basis. In addition, the fluctuations increase with increasing simulation system size, with the simulated values converging to values lower than those observed experimentally indicating that the simulation model is not accounting for all possible contributions to the experimentally observed B-factors, which may be related to either the simulation time scale or size. In the simulation's, the hydroxyl group of O7 is found to from bifurcated hydrogen bonds with O6 and O8 of an adjacent molecule, with the interactions dominated by the interaction HO7-O6 interaction. Quantum mechanical calculations support this observation.

  • 36.
    Huang, Genping
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Kalek, Marcin
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Himo, Fahmi
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Mechanism and Selectivity of Rhodium-Catalyzed 1:2 Coupling of Aldehydes and Allenes2013Ingår i: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 135, nr 20, s. 7647-7659Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The rhodium-catalyzed highly regioselective 1:2 coupling of aldehydes and allenes was investigated by means of density functional theory calculations. Full free energy profiles were calculated, and several possible reaction pathways were evaluated. It is shown that the energetically most plausible catalytic cycle is initiated by oxidative coupling of the two allenes, which was found to be the rate-determining step of the overall reaction. Importantly, Rh allyl complexes that are able to adopt both eta(3) and eta(1) configurations were identified as key intermediates present throughout the catalytic cycle with profound implications for the selectivity of the reaction. The calculations reproduced and rationalized the experimentally observed selectivities and provided an explanation for the remarkable alteration in the product distribution when the catalyst precursor is changed from [RhCl(nbd)](2) (nbd = norbornadiene) to complexes containing noncoordinating counterions ([Rh(cod)(2)X]; X = OTf, BF4, PF6; cod = 1,5-cyclooctadiene). It turns out that the overall selectivity of the reaction is controlled by a combination of the inherent selectivities of several of the elementary steps and that both the mechanism and the nature of the selectivity-determining steps change when the catalyst is changed.

  • 37. Ibrahem, Ismail
    et al.
    Ma, Guangning
    Afewerki, Samson
    Cordova, Armando
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Palladium/chiral amine co catalyzed enantioselective beta arylation of alpha,beta unsaturated aldehydes2013Ingår i: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 52, nr 3, s. 878-882Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 38.
    Ilchenko, Nadia O.
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Janson, Pär G.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Szabó, Kálmán J.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Copper-Mediated Cyanotrifluoromethylation of Styrenes Using the Togni Reagent2013Ingår i: Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 0022-3263, E-ISSN 1520-6904, Vol. 78, nr 21, s. 11087-11091Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Styrenes with an electron-deficient double bond undergo cyanotrifluoromethylation with a trifluoromethylated hypervalent iodine reagent in the presence of CuCN. The reaction proceeds under mild conditions in the presence of bulky phosphines or B(2)pin(2) additives. The process is highly regioselective and involves the consecutive formation of two C-C bonds in a single addition reaction. In the presence of a p-methoxy substituent in the styrene, oxytrifluoromethylation occurs instead of the cyanotrifluoromethylation.

  • 39.
    Ilchenko, Nadia O.
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Janson, Pär
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Szabó, Kálmán J.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Copper-mediated C-H trifluoromethylation of quinones2013Ingår i: Chemical Communications, ISSN 1359-7345, E-ISSN 1364-548X, Vol. 49, nr 59, s. 6614-6616Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Quinones undergo copper-mediated C-H trifluoromethylation reactions using a hypervalent iodine reagent. The reactions have a broad synthetic scope involving naphtho, alkyl, chloro and methoxy quinones.

  • 40.
    Jalalian, Nazli
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Olofsson, Berit
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Synthesis of Koser’s Reagent and Derivatives2013Ingår i: Organic Syntheses, ISSN 0078-6209, Vol. 90, s. 1-9Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 41.
    Jiang, Liying
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för analytisk kemi.
    Johnston, Eric
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Åberg, K. Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för analytisk kemi.
    Nilsson, Ulrika
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för analytisk kemi.
    Ilag, Leopold L.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för analytisk kemi.
    Strategy for quantifying trace levels of BMAA in cyanobacteria by LC/MS/MS2013Ingår i: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, ISSN 1618-2642, E-ISSN 1618-2650, Vol. 405, nr 4, s. 1283-1292Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The cyanobacterial neurotoxin β-N-methylamino--alanine (BMAA) is an amino acid that is putatively associated with the pathology of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/Parkinsonism –dementia complex (ALS-PDC) disease. It raises serious health risk concerns since cyanobacteria are ubiquitous thus making human exposure almost inevitable. The identification and quantification of BMAA in cyanobacteria is challenging because it is present only in trace amounts and occurs alongside structurally similar compounds such as BMAA isomers. This work describes an enhanced liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry platform that can distinguish BMAA from its isomers β-amino-N-methyl-alanine, N-(2-oethyl) glycine (AEG), and 2,4-diaminobutyric acid, thus ensuring confident identification of BMAA. The method's sensitivity was improved fourfold by a post-column addition of acetonitrile. The instrument and method limits of detection were shown to be 4.2 fmol/injection (or 0.5 g/one column) and 0.1 μg/g dry weight of cyanobacteria, respectively. The quantification method uses synthesized deuterated BMAA as an internal standard and exhibits good linearity, accuracy, and precision. Matrix effects were also investigated, revealing an ion enhancement of around 18 %. A lab-cultured cyanobacterial sample (Leptolyngbya PCC73110) was analyzed and shown to contain about 0.73 μg/g dry weight BMAA. The isomer AEG, whose chromatographic properties closely resemble those of BMAA, was also detected. These results highlight the importance of distinguishing BMAA from its isomers for reliable identification as well as providing a sensitive and accurate quantification method for measuring trace levels of BMAA in cyanobacterial samples.

  • 42.
    Jiang, Min
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Palladium-Catalyzed Oxidative Regio- and Diastereoselective Diarylating Carbocyclization of Dienynes2013Ingår i: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 19, nr 21, s. 6571-6575Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 43.
    Kapla, Jon
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK).
    Wohlert, Jakob
    Stevensson, Baltzar
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK).
    Engström, Olof
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Widmalm, Göran
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Maliniak, Arnold
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK).
    Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Membrane-Sugar Interactions2013Ingår i: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, ISSN 1520-6106, E-ISSN 1520-5207, Vol. 117, nr 22, s. 6667-6673Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It is well documented that disaccharides in general and trehalose (TRH) in particular strongly affect physical properties and functionality of lipid bilayers. We investigate interactions between lipid membranes formed by 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC) and TRH by means of molecular dynamics (MD) computer simulations. Ten different TRH concentrations were studied in the range W-TRH = 0-0.20 (w/w). The potential of mean force (PMF) for DMPC bilayer TRH interactions was determined using two different force fields, and was subsequently used in a simple analytical model for description of sugar binding at the membrane interface. The MD results were in good agreement with the predictions of the model. The net affinities of TRH for the DMPC bilayer derived from the model and MD simulations were compared with experimental results. The area per lipid increases and the membrane becomes thinner with increased TRH concentration, which is interpreted as an intercalation effect of the TRH molecules into the polar part of the lipids, resulting in conformational changes in the chains. These results are consistent with recent experimental observations. The compressibility modulus related to the fluctuations of the membrane increases dramatically with increased TRH concentration, which indicates higher order and rigidity of the bilayer. This is also reflected in a decrease (by a factor of 15) of the lateral diffusion of the lipids. We interpret these observations as a formation of a glassy state at the interface of the membrane, which has been suggested in the literature as a hypothesis for the membrane sugar interactions.

  • 44.
    Kärkäs, Markus
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Development and Mechanistic Studies of Molecularly Defined Water Oxidation Catalysts: Catalysts for a Green and Sustainable Future2013Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with the development of complexes that are active catalysts for H2O oxidation. Promoting proton-coupled electron transfer has been a highly important feature in the development of these catalysts.

    The first part deals with the modification of ligand frameworks for the development of a ruthenium complex capable of withstanding the highly oxidizing conditions required for H2O oxidation. 

    The second part of the thesis describes the development of two single-site ruthenium(III) complexes, housing two meridionally coordinating tridentate benzimidazole ligands. Studies on these complexes revealed that they can mediate H2O oxidation, both by the use of a chemical oxidant and photochemically, and that the ligand frameworks were important in promoting proton-coupled electron transfer events.

    In the third part, systematic modifications are introduced into one of the catalysts developed in the second part of the thesis. All of the complexes were shown to be active water oxidation catalysts (WOCs), and kinetic studies confirmed that all catalysts displayed a first-order dependence on catalyst concentration, thereby validating that H2O oxidation occurs on a single metal site. By using linear free-energy relationships it was possible to elucidate the unusual behavior exerted by the ligand framework during the catalytic cycle.

    The fourth part concerns the development of a ruthenium(III) WOC, containing a tetradentate bioinspired ligand architecture, and its deactivation pathway during H2O oxidation catalysis. This revealed an unexplored, and perhaps general, deactivation pathway for ruthenium-based WOCs. Evidence was also found that the ruthenium WOC reaches a high-valent ruthenium(VI) state which is the active species in H2O oxidation.

    Finally, the fifth and last part deals with the development of a dinuclear manganese complex. Utilizing a bioinspired, highly functionalized ligand, enabled the formation of the first homogeneous manganese-based WOC capable of promoting catalytic H2O oxidation with one-electron oxidants.

  • 45.
    Kärkäs, Markus D.
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Åkermark, Torbjörn
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK).
    Chen, Hong
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK). China University of Geosciences .
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK).
    Åkermark, Björn
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    A Tailor-Made Molecular Ruthenium Catalyst for the Oxidation of Water and Its Deactivation through Poisoning by Carbon Monoxide2013Ingår i: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 52, nr 15, s. 4189-4193Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 46. Küpper, Frithjof C.
    et al.
    Feiters, Martin C.
    Olofsson, Berit
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Kaiho, Tatsuo
    Yanagida, Shozo
    Zimmermann, Michael B.
    Carpenter, Lucy J.
    Luther, George W.
    Lu, Zunli
    Jonsson, Mats
    Kloo, Lars
    Purple fumes: the importance of iodine2013Ingår i: Science in School, ISSN 1818-0353, E-ISSN 1818-0361, nr 27, s. 10s. 45-53Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 47.
    Larsson, Johanna M.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Transition metal-catalyzed allylic and vinylic functionalization: Method development and mechanistic investigations2013Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of small molecule building blocks in, for example, pharmaceutical research and new material development, creates a need for new and improved organic synthesis methods. The use of transition metals as mediators and catalysts opens up new reaction pathways that have made the synthesis of completely new compounds possible as well as greatly improved the synthetic routes to known compounds.

    Herein, the development of new metal-mediated and catalyzed reactions for construction of vinylic and allylic carbon-carbon and carbon-heteroatom bonds is described.  The use of iodonium salts as coupling partners in Pd-catalyzed Heck type reactions with alkenes is shown to improve the current substrate scope. Results from a mechanistic study indicate that the reaction proceeds via high oxidation state palladium intermediates.

    The use of IIII reagents is also believed to facilitate a PdII/PdIV catalytic cycle in allylic silylation of alkenes using (SiMe3)2, which, to the best of our knowledge, is the first method developed for metal-catalyzed allylic C-H silylation.

    The same silyl-source, (SiMe3)2, has previously been used in a Pd-catalyzed allylic substitution reaction in which allylic silanes are formed from allylic alcohols. A detailed mechanistic investigation of this reaction is described in which by-products as well as intermediates, including the resting state of the catalyst, are identified using 1H, 11B, 19F and 29Si NMR spectroscopy. Kinetic experiments are performed that give information about the turn-over limiting step and the mechanism of the analogous borylation using B2pin2 is also investigated. Insights from this study further made it possible to improve the stereoselectivity of this reaction.

    Additionally, a new method for Cu-mediated trifluoromethylation of allylic halides is presented in which linear products are formed exclusively from both linear and branched allylic substrates at room temperature.  Identification of allylic fluorides as by-products during the reaction also led to the development of a similar Cu-mediated reaction for the fluorination of allylic halides.

  • 48.
    Larsson, Johanna M.
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Pathipati, Stalin R.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Szabó, Kálmán J.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Regio- and Stereoselective Allylic Trifluoromethylation and Fluorination using CuCF3 and CuF Reagents2013Ingår i: Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 0022-3263, E-ISSN 1520-6904, Vol. 78, nr 14, s. 7330-7336Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Copper-mediated trifluoromethylation of allylic chlorides and trifluoroacetates was performed using a convenient Cu-CF3 reagent. The reaction is suitable for selective synthesis of allyl trifluoromethyl species. Mechanistic studies indicate that the reaction proceeds via a nucleophilic substitution mechanism involving allyl copper intermediates. The analogous Cu-F reagent was suitable for fluorination of allyl chlorides. Stereodefined cyclic substrates reacted regio- and stereoselectively.

  • 49.
    Larsson, Johanna M.
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Szabo, Kalman J.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Mechanistic Investigation of the Palladium-Catalyzed Synthesis of Allylic Silanes and Boronates from Allylic Alcohols2013Ingår i: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 135, nr 1, s. 443-455Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The mechanism of the palladium-catalyzed synthesis of allylic silanes and boronates from allylic alcohols was investigated. H-1, Si-29, F-19, and B-11 NMR spectroscopy was used to reveal key intermediates and byproducts of the silylation reaction. The tetrafluoroborate counterion of the palladium catalyst is proposed to play an important role in both catalyst activation as well as the transmetalation step. We propose that BF3 is generated in both processes and is responsible for the activation of the substrate hydroxyl group. An (eta(3)-allyl)palladium complex has been identified as the catalyst resting state, and the formation of (eta(3)-allyl)palladium complexes directly from allylic alcohols has been studied. Kinetic analysis provides evidence that the turnover limiting step is the transmetalation, and insights into notable similarities between the borylation and the silylation reaction mechanisms enabled us to considerably improve the stereoselectivity of the borylation.

  • 50.
    Lee, Bao-Lin
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Development of metal complexes for water oxidation2013Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In an artificial version of photosynthesis, sunlight and water are used to produce fuels. Our research focuses on the bottleneck in this process, the photooxidation of water. In the course of developing a water oxidation catalyst, a number of metal complexes have been synthesised, characterised, and studied for catalytic activity. Three of them are dinuclear complexes (Ru, Co and Cu) of 2,6-bis[(2-hydroxybenzyl)-(2-pyridylmethyl)aminomethyl]-4-methylphenol (H3bbpmp). The fourth is a dimeric Ru complex with a ligand containing imidazole and phenol motifs. Additionally, a dinuclear Mn complex with a ligand that contains benzimidazoles and carboxylates coordinating to the metal atoms was also developed. This Mn complex was then covalently linked to [Ru(bpy)3]2+-type photosensitisers, resulting in three different bimetallic dyads. Finally, a dinuclear Fe complex containing the same ligand as the dinuclear Mn complex was synthesised.

    The potential of the three H3bbpmp complexes as catalysts for oxidation of organic compounds was investigated and it was found that the Ru complex catalyses the oxidation of alcohols to the corresponding ketone or aldehyde using (diacetoxyiodo)benzene as oxidant. The Co complex functions as an electron transfer mediator in a coupled catalytic system for allylic oxidation using oxygen gas. The oxidation of 3,5-di-tert-butylcatechol to the corresponding ortho-quinone with oxygen gas using the copper complex proved that it can be considered as a model of catecholase. The dimeric Ru complex and the dinuclear Mn and Fe complexes proved to catalyse water oxidation when employing stoichiometric amounts of the oxidant [Ru(bpy)3](PF6)3. Furthermore, using [Ru(bpy)2(deeb)](PF6)2 as photosensitiser together with Na2S2O8 as sacrificial electron acceptor in aqueous phosphate buffer at pH = 7.2, photochemical water oxidation was demonstrated. The bimetallic dyads however, did not show catalytic activity for the oxidation of water.

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