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  • 1.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Transition metal-catalyzed epoxidation of alkenes2010In: Modern Oxidation Methods / [ed] Jan-Erling Bäckvall, Weinheim: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA , 2010, 2, p. 37-84Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Ahlford, Katrin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ekström, Jesper
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Zaitsev, Alexey
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ryberg, Per
    Eriksson, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of ketones catalyzed by amino acid derived rhodium complexes: on the origin of enantioselectivity and enantioswitchability: Corrigendum to vol 15(2009) 42, pp. 11197-2010In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 16, no 35, p. 10610-10610Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Ahlford, Katrin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ryberg, Per
    Eriksson, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Nordin, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Himo, Fahmi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Mechanistic investigation of enantioswitchable catalysts for asymmetric transfer hydrogenation2010In: Abstracts of Papers, 239th ACS National Meeting, San Francisco , CA, United States, March 21-25, 2010, Washington: American Chemical Society , 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Ahlsten, Nanna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Lundberg, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Martin-Matute, Belen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Rhodium-catalysed isomerisation of allylic alcohols in water at ambient temperature2010In: Green Chemistry, ISSN 1463-9262, E-ISSN 1463-9270, Vol. 12, no 9, p. 1628-1633Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An environmentally benign method for the transformation of allylic alcohols into carbonyl compounds is described. Using [Rh(COD(CH3CN)(2)]BF4 (2) in combination with 1,3,5-triaza-7-phosphaadamantane (PTA, 1) as the catalytic system in water results in a very fast redox isomerisation of a variety of secondary allylic alcohols at ambient temperature. Also, some primary allylic alcohols can be isomerised into the corresponding aldehydes. The active complex, which in some cases can be used in catalyst loadings as low as 0.5 mol%, is formed in situ from commercially available reagents. Based on deuterium labelling studies, a tentative mechanism involving metal-enone intermediates is presented.

  • 5.
    Ahlsten, Nanna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Martín-Matute, Belén
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Rhodium-catalysed coupling of allylic, homoallylic, and bishomoallylic alcohols with aldehydes and N-tosylimines2010In: Abstracts of Papers, 239th ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, CA, United States, March 21-25, 2010, American Chemical Society , 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6. Ai, Yue-Jie
    et al.
    Liao, Rong-zhen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Chen, Shu-feng
    Luo, Yi
    Fang, Wei-Hai
    Theoretical Studies on Photoisomerizations of (6-4) and Dewar Photolesions in DNA2010In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, ISSN 1520-6106, E-ISSN 1520-5207, Vol. 114, no 44, p. 14096-14102Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The (6-4) photoproduct ((6-4) PP) is one of the main lesions in UV-induced DNA damage. The (6-4) PP and its valence isomer Dewar photoproduct (Dewar PP) can have a great threat of mutation and cancer but gained much less attention to date. In this study, with density functional theory (DFT) and the complete active space self-consistent field (CASSCF) methods, the photoisomerization processes between the (6-4) PP and the Dewar PP in the gas phase, the aqueous solution, and the photolyase have been carefully examined. Noticeably, the solvent effect is treated with the CASPT2//CASSCF/Amber (QM/MM) method. Our calculations show that the conical intersection (Cl) points play a crucial role in the photoisomerization reaction between the (6-4) PP and the Dewar PP in the gas and the aqueous solution. The ultrafast internal conversion between the S-2 ((1)pi pi*) and the So states via a distorted intersection point is found to be responsible for the formation of the Dewar PP lesion at 313 nm, as observed experimentally. For the reversed isomeric process, two channels involving the "dark" excited states have been identified. In addition to the above passages, in the photolyase, a new electron-injection isomerization process as an efficient way for the photorepair of the Dewar PP is revealed.

  • 7. Albrecht, Christiane
    et al.
    Fechner, Peter
    Honcharenko, Dmytro
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Biochemistry and Organic Chemistry.
    Baltzer, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Biochemistry and Organic Chemistry.
    Gauglitz, Günther
    A new assay design for clinical diagnostics based on alternative recognition elements2010In: Biosensors & bioelectronics, ISSN 0956-5663, E-ISSN 1873-4235, Vol. 25, no 10, p. 2302-2308Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Angelin, Marcus
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Discovery-Oriented Screening of Dynamic Systems: Combinatorial and Synthetic Applications2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is divided into six parts, all centered around the development of dynamic (i.e., reversibly interacting) systems of molecules and their applications in dynamic combinatorial chemistry (DCC) and organic synthesis.

    Part one offers a general introduction, as well as a more detailed description of DCC, being the central concept of this thesis. Part two explores the potential of the nitroaldol reaction as a tool for constructing dynamic systems, employing benzaldehyde derivatives and nitroalkanes. This reaction is then applied in part three where a dynamic nitroaldol system is resolved by lipase-catalyzed transacylation, selecting two out of 16 components.

    In part four, reaction and crystallization driven DCC protocols are developed and demonstrated. The discovery of unexpected crystalline properties of certain pyridine β-nitroalcohols is used to resolve a dynamic system and further expanded into asynthetic procedure. Furthermore, a previously unexplored tandem nitroaldol-iminolactone rearrangement reaction between 2-cyanobenzaldehyde and primarynitroalkanes is used for the resolution of dynamic systems. It is also coupled with diastereoselective crystallization to demonstrate the possibility to combine several selection processes. The mechanism of this reaction is investigated and a synthetic protocol is developed for asymmetric synthesis of 3-substituted isoindolinones.

    Part five continues the exploration of tandem reactions by combining dynamic hemithioacetal or cyanohydrin formation with intramolecular cyclization to synthesize a wide range of 3-functionalized phthalides.

    Finally, part six deals with the construction of a laboratory experiment to facilitate the introduction of DCC in undergraduate chemistry education. The experiment is based on previous work in our group and features an acetylcholinesterase-catalyzed resolution of a dynamic transthioacylation system.

  • 9.
    Angelin, Marcus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Larsson, Rikard
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Vongvilai, Pornrapee
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Ramström, Olof
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Introducing Dynamic Combinatorial Chemistry: Probing the Substrate Selectivity of Acetylcholinesterase2010In: Journal of Chemical Education, ISSN 0021-9584, E-ISSN 1938-1328, Vol. 87, no 11, p. 1248-1251Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Angelin, Marcus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry.
    Rahm, Martin
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry.
    Fischer, Andreas
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry.
    Brinck, Tore
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry.
    Ramström, Olof
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry.
    Diastereoselective One-Pot Tandem Synthesis of 3-Substituted Isoindolinones: A Mechanistic Investigation2010In: Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 0022-3263, E-ISSN 1520-6904, Vol. 75, no 17, p. 5882-5887Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The mechanism of a base-catalyzed one-pot reaction of 2-cyanobenzaldehyde and primary nitroalkanes, to produce 3-substituted isoindolinones, has been investigated. A route starting with a nitroaldol (Henry) reaction, followed by a subsequent cyclization and rearrangement, was supported by intermediate analogue synthesis and DFT calculations. Direct diastereoselective crystallization from the reaction mixture was also achieved and studied for a number of substrates. Furthermore, the 3-substituted isoindolinones are an interesting group of compounds, both present important natural products, as well as being precursors to other valuable building blocks.

  • 11.
    Ankarloo, Jonas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Natural Sciences.
    Wikman, Susanne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Natural Sciences.
    Nicholls, Ian A.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Natural Sciences.
    Escherichia coli mar and acrAB Mutants Display No Tolerance to Simple Alcohols2010In: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, ISSN 1422-0067, E-ISSN 1422-0067, Vol. 11, no 4, p. 1403-1412Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The inducible Mar phenotype of Escherichia coli is associated with increased tolerance to multiple hydrophobic antibiotics as well as some highly hydrophobic organic solvents such as cyclohexane, mediated mainly through the AcrAB/TolC efflux system. The influence of water miscible alcohols ethanol and 1-propanol on a Mar constitutive mutant and a mar deletion mutant of E. coli K-12, as well as the corresponding strains carrying the additional acrAB deletion, was investigated. In contrast to hydrophobic solvents, all strains were killed in exponential phase by 1-propanol and ethanol at rates comparable to the parent strain. Thus, the Mar phenotype does not protect E. coli from killing by these more polar solvents. Surprisingly, AcrAB does not contribute to an increased alcohol tolerance. In addition, sodium salicylate, at concentrations known to induce the mar operon, was unable to increase 1-propanol or ethanol tolerance. Rather, the toxicity of both solvents was increased in the presence of sodium salicylate. Collectively, the results imply that the resilience of E. coli to water miscible alcohols, in contrast to more hydrophobic solvents, does not depend upon the AcrAB/TolC efflux system, and suggests a lower limit for substrate molecular size and functionality. Implications for the application of microbiological systems in environments containing high contents of water miscible organic solvents, e. g., phage display screening, are discussed.

  • 12.
    Borg, Tessie
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Danielsson, Jakob
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Somfai, Peter
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Mukaiyama aldol addition to α-chloro-substituted aldehydes. Origin of the unexpected syn selectivity.2010In: Chemical Communications, ISSN 1359-7345, E-ISSN 1364-548X, Vol. 46, no 8, p. 1281-1283Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The addition of sterically demanding enolsilanes to alpha-chloro aldehydes results unexpectedly in preferential formation of the anti-PFA product (1,2-syn), while the addition of the corresponding boron enolate furnishes the expected polar Felkin-Anh product (1,2-anti). A stereoinduction model explaining these observations is proposed.

  • 13.
    Borg, Tessie
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Timmer, Brian
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Somfai, Peter
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Diastereoselective formation of 2,3,4,5-tetrasubstituted tetrahydrofurans by a Lewis acid promoted addition of C3-substituted 1,3-bis(silyl)propenes to aldehydes2010Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Buitrago, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Transition metal catalyzed reduction of ketones2010Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Modern Oxidation Methods2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Preface2010In: Topics in catalysis, ISSN 1022-5528, E-ISSN 1572-9028, Vol. 53, no 13-14, p. 831-831Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Selective oxidation of amines and sulfides2010In: Modern Oxidation Methods / [ed] Jan-Erling Bäckvall, Weinheim: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA , 2010, 2, p. 277-313Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Caraballo, Rémi
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Dynamic Sulfur Chemistry: Screening, Evaluation and Catalysis2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with the design, formation and evaluation of dynamic systems constructed by means of sulfur-containing reversible reactions, in organic and aqueous media and under mild conditions.

    In a first part, the synthesis of thioglycoside derivatives, constituting the biologically relevant starting components of the dynamic systems, is described. In addition, the pD-profile of the mutarotation process in aqueous media for a series of 1-thioaldoses is reported and revealed an astonishing beta-anomeric preference for all the carbohydrate analogs under acidic or neutral conditions.

    In a second part, the phosphine-catalyzed or -mediated disulfide metathesis for dynamic system generation in organic or aqueous media is presented, respectively. The direct in situ 1H STD-NMR resolution of a dynamic carbohydrate system in the presence of a target protein (Concanavalin A) proved the suitability and compatibility of such disulfide metathesis protocols for the discovery of biologically relevant ligands.

    In a third part, hemithioacetal formation is demonstrated as a new and efficient reversible reaction for the spontaneous generation of a dynamic system, despite a virtual character of the component associations in basic aqueous media. The direct in situ 1H STD-NMR identification of the best dynamic beta-galactosidase inhibitors from the dynamic HTA system was performed and the results were confirmed by inhibition studies. Thus, the HTA product formed from the reaction between 1-thiogalactopyranose and a pyridine carboxaldehyde derivative provided the best dynamic inhibitor.

    In a fourth and final part, a dynamic drug design strategy, where the best inhibitors from the aforementioned dynamic HTA system were used as model for the design of non-dynamic (or “static”) beta-galactosidase inhibitors, is depicted. Inhibition studies disclosed potent leads among the set of ligands.

  • 19. Cheshev, Pavel
    et al.
    Morelli, Laura
    Marchesi, Marco
    Podlipnik, Crtomir
    Bergström, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Natural Sciences.
    Bernardi, Anna
    Synthesis and affinity evaluation of a small library of bidentate cholera toxin ligands: towards nonhydrolyzable ganglioside mimics2010In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 16, no 6, p. 1951-1967Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A small library of nonhydrolyzable mimics of GM1 ganglioside, featuring galactose and sialic acid its pharmacophoric carbohydrate residues,, was synthesized and tested. All compounds were synthesized from readily available precursors using high-performance reactions, including click chemistry protocols, and avoiding O-glycosidic bonds. Sonic of the most active molecules also feature a point of further derivatization that can be used for conjugation will, polyvalent aglycons. Their affinity towards cholera toxin was assessed by weak affinity chromatography, which allowed a systematic evaluation and selection of the best candidates. Affinity could be enhanced up to one or two orders of magnitude over the affinity of the individual pharmacophoric sugar residues.

  • 20.
    Chorell, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Pilicides and Curlicides: Design, synthesis, and evaluation of novel antibacterial agents targeting bacterial virulence2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    New strategies are needed to counter the growing problem of bacterial resistance to antibiotics. One such strategy is to design compounds that target bacterial virulence, which could work separately or in concert with conventional bacteriostatic or bactericidal antibiotics. Pilicides are a class of compounds based on a ring-fused 2-pyridone scaffold that target bacterial virulence by blocking the chaperone/usher pathway in E. coli and thereby inhibit the assembly of pili. This thesis describes the design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of compounds based on the pilicide scaffold with the goal of improving the pilicides and expanding their utility. Synthetic pathways have been developed to enable the introduction of substituents at the C-2 position of the pilicide scaffold. Biological evaluation of these compounds demonstrated that some C-2 substituents give rise to significant increases in potency. X-ray crystallography was used to elucidate the structural basis of this improved biological activity. Furthermore, improved methods for the preparation of oxygen-analogues and C-7 substituted derivatives of the pilicide scaffold have been developed. These new methods were used in combination with existing strategies to decorate the pilicide scaffold as part of a multivariate design approach to improve the pilicides and generate structure activity relationships (SARs).

    Fluorescent pilicides were prepared using a strategy where selected substituents were replaced with fluorophores having similar physicochemical properties as the original substituents. Many of the synthesized fluorescent compounds displayed potent pilicide activities and can thus be used to study the complex interactions between pilicide and bacteria. For example, when E. coli was treated with fluorescent pilicides, it was found that the compounds were not uniformly distributed throughout the bacterial population, suggesting that the compounds are primarily associated to bacteria with specific properties.

    Finally, by studying compounds designed to inhibit the aggregation of Aβ, it was found that some compounds based on the pilicide scaffold inhibit the formation of the functional bacterial amyloid fibers known as curli; these compounds are referred to as 'curlicides'. Some of the curlicides also prevent the formation of pili and thus exhibit dual pilicide-curlicide activity. The potential utility of such 'dual-action' compounds was highlighted by a study of one of the more potent dual pilicide-curlicides in a murine UTI model were the compound was found to significantly attenuate virulence in vivo.

  • 21. Chowdhury, Sugata
    et al.
    Himo, Fahmi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Russo, Nino
    Sicilia, Emilia
    Mechanistic investigation of the hydrogenation of O2 by a transfer hydrogenation catalyst2010In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 132, no 12, p. 4178-4190Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Chuanzheng, Zhou
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Bioorganic Chemistry. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology.
    Conformationally Constrained Nucleic Acids as Potential RNA Targeting Therapeutics2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Cumpstey, Ian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Short synthesis of a benzyl ether protected building block for the synthesis of carbocyclic galactopyranose mimics2010In: Carbohydrate Research, ISSN 0008-6215, E-ISSN 1873-426X, Vol. 345, no 8, p. 1056-1060Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Cumpstey, Ian
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ramstadius, Clinton
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Akhtar, Tashfeen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Goldstein, Irwin J
    Department of Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI .
    Winter, Harry C
    Department of Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI .
    Non-glycosidically linked pseudodisaccharides: thioethers, sulfoxides, sulfones, ethers, selenoethers, and their binding to lectins2010In: European Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 1434-193X, E-ISSN 1099-0690, no 10, p. 1951-1970Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hydrolytically stable non-glycosidically linked tail-to-tail pseudodisaccharides are linked by a single bridging atom remote from the anomeric centre of the constituent monosaccharides. Some such pseudodisaccharides with sulfur or oxygen bridges were found to act as disaccharide mimetics in their binding to the Banana Lectin and to Concanavalin A. A versatile synthetic route to a small library of such compounds is described

  • 25.
    Córdova, Armando
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Asymmetric bifunctional catalysis using heterobimetallic and multimetallic systems in enantioselective conjugate additions2010In: Catalytic Asymmetric Conjugate Reactions / [ed] Armando Córdova, Weinheim: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA , 2010, 1, p. 169-190Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Córdova, Armando
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Catalytic Asymmetric Conjugate Reactions2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Córdova, Armando
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Catalytic Asymmetric Conjugate Reactions2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Information from publisher:

    This unique and long-awaited handbook on this important topic in the hot field of stereoselective organic synthesis covers several types of nucleophiles. Top international authors deal with modern forms of achieving stereoselective conjugate additions based on the use of chiral ligands or asymmetric catalysis, such as P-N ligands, organocatalysis, domino reactions, Lewis acid and base catalysis. There is also a discussion of the employment of enantioselective conjugate addition transformations in total synthesis of important molecules. With its reliable and previously unpublished experimental procedures, this is a true source of high quality information.

  • 28.
    Córdova, Armando
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Ibrahem, Ismail
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Afewerki, Samson
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Breistein, Palle
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Deiana, Luca
    Zhao, Gui-Ling
    Dziedzic, Pawel
    Pirttilä, Kristian
    Lin, Shuangzheng
    TOC-Trends in Organic Chemistry: Selective Catalysis2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Dahlgren, Markus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Statistical molecular design, QSAR modeling, and scaffold hopping – Development of type III secretion inhibitors in Gram negative bacteria2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Type III secretion is a virulence system utilized by several clinically important Gram-negative pathogens. Computational methods have been used to develop two classes of type III secretion inhibitors, the salicylidene acylhydrazides and the acetylated salicylanilides. For these classes of compounds, quantitative structure-activity relationship models have been constructed with data from focused libraries obtained by statistical molecular design. The models have been validated and shown to provide useful predictions of untested compounds belonging to these classes. Scaffold hopping of the salicylidene acylhydrazides have resulted in a number of synthetic targets that might mimic the scaffold of the compounds. The synthesis of two libraries of analogs to two of these scaffolds and the biological evaluation of them is presented.

  • 30. Deiana, L
    et al.
    Zhao, G-L
    Lin, S
    Dziedzic, P
    Zhang, Q
    Leijonmarck, H
    Còrdova, Armando
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Organocatalytic enantioselective aziridination of α-substituted α,β-unsaturated aldehydes: Asymmetric synthesis of terminal aziridines2010In: Advanced Synthesis and Catalysis, ISSN 1615-4150, E-ISSN 1615-4169, Vol. 352, no 18, p. 3201-3207Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The first example of a highly enantioselective organocatalytic aziridination of α-substituted α,β-unsaturated aldehydes is presented. The reaction is catalyzed by simple chiral amines and gives access to highly functional terminal azirdines containing an α-tertiary amine stereocenter in high yields and enantiomeric ratios (95.5:4.5-98:2)

  • 31.
    Deiana, Luca
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Dziedzic, Pawel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Zhao, Gui-Ling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ullah, Farman
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Lin, Shuangzheng
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Córdova, Armando
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Dynamic kinetic asymmetric transformation (DYKAT) by combination of amine and transition metal cascade catalysis2010In: Abstracts of Papers, 239th ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, CA, United States, March 21-25, 2010, Washington, D C: American Chemical Society , 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 32. Deiana, Luca
    et al.
    Zhao, Gui-Ling
    Dziedzic, Pawel
    Rios, Ramon
    Vesely, Jan
    Ekström, Jesper
    Córdova, Armando
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    One-pot highly enantioselective catalytic Mannich-type reactions between aldehydes and stable a-amido sulfones: Asymmetric synthesis of b-amino aldehydes and b-amino acids2010In: Tetrahedron Letters, ISSN 0040-4039, E-ISSN 1359-8562, Vol. 51, no 2, p. 234-237Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A highly enantioselective catalytic route to carbamate- and benzoate-protected β-amino aldehydes and β-amino acids is presented. The amino acid-catalyzed one-pot asymmetric reaction between unmodified aldehydes and α-amido sulfones gives the corresponding β-amino compounds with up to 95:5 dr and 97–>99% ee.

  • 33.
    Deiana, Luca
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Zhao, Gui-Ling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Dziedzik, Pawel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Rios, Ramón
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Vesely, Jan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ekström, Jesper
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Córdova, Armando
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    One-pot highly enantioselective catalytic Mannich-type reactions between aldehydes and stable α-amido sulfones: asymmetric synthesis of β-amino aldehydes and β-amino acids2010In: Tetrahedron Letters, ISSN 0040-4039, E-ISSN 1359-8562, Vol. 51, no 2, p. 234-237Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A highly enantioselective catalytic route to carbamate- and benzoate-protected beta-amino aldehydes and beta-amino acids is presented. The amino acid-catalyzed one-pot asymmetric reaction between unmodified aldehydes and alpha-amido sulfones gives the corresponding beta-amino compounds with up to 95:5 dr and 97-99%

  • 34.
    Deiana, Luca
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Zhao, Gui-Ling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Lin, Shuangzheng
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Dziedzic, Pawel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Zhang, Qiong
    Leijonmarck, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Córdova, Armando
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Organocatalytic enantioselective aziridination of α-substituted α,β-unsaturated aldehydes: asymmetric synthesis ot terminal aziridines2010In: Advanced Synthesis and Catalysis, ISSN 1615-4150, E-ISSN 1615-4169, Vol. 352, no 18, p. 3201-3207Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The first example of a highly enantioselective organocatalytic aziridination of α-substituted α,β-unsaturated aldehydes is presented. The reaction is catalyzed by simple chiral amines and gives access to highly functional terminal azirdines containing an α-tertiary amine stereocenter in high yields and enantiomeric ratios (95.5:4.5–98:2).

  • 35.
    Deska, Jan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    del Pozo Ochoa, Carolina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Chemoenzymatic dynamic kinetic resolution of axially chiral allenes2010In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 16, no 15, p. 4447-4451Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dimeric palladium bromide complexes bearing monodentate N-heterocyclic carbene ligands have been identified as efficient catalysts for the chemoselective racemization of axially chiral allenyl alcohols. In combination with porcine pancreatic lipase as biocatalyst, a dynamic kinetic resolution has been developed, giving access to optically active allenes in good yield and high enantiomeric purity (

  • 36.
    Dziedzic, Pawel
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Schyman, Patric
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Kullberg, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Córdova, Armando
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Highly enantioselective organocatalytic addition of aldehydes to acylimines: Asymmetric syntheses of the paclitaxel and docetaxel side-chains and their analogs2010In: Abstracts of Papers, 239th ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, CA, United States, March 21-25, 2010, Washington, D C: American Chemical Society , 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Engström, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Protein engineering of enzymes for improved enantioselectivity and application of engineered enzymes in organic synthesis2010Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Engström, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Nyhlén, Jonas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Sandström, Anders G.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Directed evolution of an enantioselective lipase with broad substrate scope for hydrolysis of α-substituted esters2010In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 132, no 20, p. 7038-7042Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A variant of Candida antarctica lipase A (CalA) was developed for the hydrolysis of α-substituted p-nitrophenyl esters by directed evolution. The E values of this variant for 7 different esters was 45−276, which is a large improvement compared to 2−20 for the wild type. The broad substrate scope of this enzyme variant is of synthetic use, and hydrolysis of the tested substrates proceeded with an enantiomeric excess between 95−99%. A 30-fold increase in activity was also observed for most substrates. The developed enzyme variant shows (R)-selectivity, which is reversed compared to the wild type that is (S)-selective for most substrates.

  • 39.
    Engström, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Nyhlén, Jonas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Sandström, Anders G.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Enantioselective Kinetic Resolution of p-Nitrophenyl 2-Phenylpropanoate by a Variant of Candida antarctica Lipase A Developed by Directed Evolution2010In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 132, no 20, p. 7038-7042Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A variant of Candida antarctica lipase A (CalA) was developed for the hydrolysis of α-substituted p-nitrophenyl esters by directed evolution. The E values of this variant for 7 different esters was 45−276, which is a large improvement compared to 2−20 for the wild type. The broad substrate scope of this enzyme variant is of synthetic use, and hydrolysis of the tested substrates proceeded with an enantiomeric excess between 95−99%. A 30-fold increase in activity was also observed for most substrates. The developed enzyme variant shows (R)-selectivity, which is reversed compared to the wild type that is (S)-selective for most substrates.

  • 40. Eriksson, Kristofer L.E.
    et al.
    Chow, Winnie W.Y.
    Puglia, Carla
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Göthelid, Emmanuelle
    Oscarsson, Sven
    Performance of a biomimetic oxidation catalyst immobilized on silicon wafers: comparison with its gold congener2010In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 26, no 21, p. 16349-16354Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the aim of extending the usefulness of an existing biomimetic catalytic system, cobalt porphyrin catalytic units with thiol linkers were heterogenized via chemical grafting to silicon wafers and utilized for the catalytic oxidation of hydroquinone to p-benzoquinone. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were used to analyze the morphology and composition of the heterogeneous catalyst. The results of the catalytic oxidation of hydroquinone obtained with porphyrins grafted on silicon were compared with those obtained earlier with the same catalyst in homogeneous phase and immobilized on gold. It was found that the catalysis could run over 400 h, without showing any sign of deactivation. The measured catalytic activity is at least 10 times higher than that measured under homogeneous conditions, but also 10 times lower than that observed with the catalytic unit immobilized on gold. The reasons of this discrepancy are discussed in term of substrate influence and overlayer organization. The silicon-immobilized catalyst has potential as an advanced functional material with applications in oxidative heterogeneous catalysis of organic reactions, as it combines long-term relatively high activity with low cost.

  • 41.
    Fallberg, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Materials Chemistry.
    Chemical Vapour Deposition of Undoped and Oxygen Doped Copper (I) Nitride2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In science and technology there is a steadily increased demand of new materials and new materials production processes since they create new application areas as well as improved production technology and economy. This thesis includes development and studies of a chemical vapour deposition (CVD) process for growth of thin films of the metastable material copper nitride, Cu3N, which is a semiconductor and decomposes at around 300 oC. The combination of these properties opens for a variety of applications ranging from solar cells to sensor and information technology.

    The CVD process developed is based on a metal-organic compound copper hexafluoroacetylacetonate, Cu(hfac)2 , ammonia and water and was working at about 300 oC and  5 Torr. It was found that a small amount of water in the vapour increased the growth rate considerably and that the phase content, film texture, chemical composition and morphology were strongly dependent on the deposition conditions.

    In-situ oxygen doping during the CVD of Cu3N to an amount of 9 atomic % could also be accomplished by increasing the water concentration in the vapour. Oxygen doping increases the band gap of the material as well as the electrical resistivity and changes the stability. The crystal structure of Cu3N is very open and contains several sites which can be used for doping. Different spectroscopic techniques like X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy and near edge X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy were used to identify the oxygen doping site(s) in Cu3N. Besides the properties, the oxygen doping also affected the morphology and texture of the films.

    By combining thin layers of different materials several properties can be optimized at the same time. It has been demonstrated in this thesis that multilayers, composed of alternating Cu3N and Cu2O layers, i.e. a metastable and a stable material, could be grown by CVD technique. However, the stacking sequence affected the texture, morphology and chemical composition. The interfaces between the different layers were sharp and no signs of decomposition of the initially deposited metastable Cu3N layer could be detected.

  • 42. Feldt, Sandra M.
    et al.
    Gibson, Elizabeth A.
    Gabrielsson, Erik
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Sun, Licheng
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Boschloo, Gerrit
    Hagfeldt, Anders
    Design of Organic Dyes and Cobalt Polypyridine Redox Mediators for High-Efficiency Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells2010In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 132, no 46, p. 16714-16724Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) with cobalt-based mediators with efficiencies surpassing the record for DSCs with iodide-free electrolytes were developed by selecting a suitable combination of a cobalt polypyridine complex and an organic sensitizer. The effect of the steric properties of two triphenylamine-based organic sensitizers and a series of cobalt polypyridine redox mediators on the overall device performance in DSCs as well as on transport and recombination processes in these devices was compared. The recombination and mass-transport limitations that, previously, have been found to limit the performance of these mediators were avoided by matching the properties of the dye and the cobalt redox mediator. Organic dyes with higher extinction coefficients than the standard ruthenium sensitizers were employed in DSCs in combination with outer-sphere redox mediators, enabling thinner TiO2 films to be used. Recombination was reduced further by introducing insulating butoxyl chains on the dye rather than on the cobalt redox mediator, enabling redox couples with higher diffusion coefficients and more suitable redox potential to be used, simultaneously improving the photocurrent and photovoltage of the device. Optimization of DSCs sensitized with a triphenylamine-based organic dye in combination with tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)cobalt(II/III) yielded solar cells with overall conversion efficiencies of 6.7% and open-circuit potentials of more than 0.9 V under 1000 W m(-2) AM1.5 G illumination. Excellent performance was also found under low light intensity indoor conditions.

  • 43.
    Fjellander, Ester
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Self-adaptable catalysts: Importance of flexibility and applications in asymmetric catalysis2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of this thesis is the design and synthesis of biaryl-based self adaptableligands for asymmetric metal catalysis. The results discussed in papers I-III are covered, together with some unpublished results concerning substrate-adaptable catalysts. A general survey of self-adaptable catalysts is presented first.

    The second chapter of this thesis starts with a survey of inversion barriers in biphenyl-based ligands and catalysts. Thereafter, the determination of barriers to conformational adaptation in dibenzoazepines and dibenzophosphepines is described. Palladium complexes with a diphosphine ligand or a diamine ligand, as well as the free diamine ligand, were studied. Entropies and enthalpies of activation were determined with variable temperature NMR spectroscopy. The mechanism of conformational change in the metal complexes was elucidated.

    The third chapter describes the synthesis of semiflexible and rigid phosphinite ligands, as well as their application in rhodium-catalysed asymmetric hydrogenation. Modest enantioselectivities (up to 63% ee) were obtained. The semiflexible ligand was found to behave like the most active rigid diastereomer. The fourth chapter describes the behaviour of amine and phosphoramidite ligands in model complexes relevant to the palladium-catalysed asymmetricallylic alkylation of benchmark substrates. Diphosphoramidite and aminephosphoramiditeligands were designed and synthesised. Pd(olefin) complexesof diamine and diphosphoramidite ligands were studied, and their symmetry determined. It was found that both types of ligands are able to adapt their conformation to the substrate.

  • 44. Fourniere, Viviane
    et al.
    Skantz, Linnea
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Sajtos, Ferenc
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Oscarson, Stefan
    Lahmann, Martina
    Synthesis of the Lewis b pentasaccharide and a HSA-conjugate thereof2010In: Tetrahedron, ISSN 0040-4020, E-ISSN 1464-5416, Vol. 66, no 39, p. 7850-7855Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Helicobacter pylori, a gastric pathogen, binds to various blood group antigens, including the Lewis types, present in the gastric tissue and a relation between the presentation of the ligands and the overall strength of binding has been assumed. Synthetic Lewis b tetra- and hexasaccharide conjugates are available but not the analogous pentasaccharide. An efficient synthesis of the amino spacer equipped Lewis b pentasaccharide, 3-aminopropyl alpha-L-fucopyranosyl-(1 -> 2)-beta-D-galactopyranosyl-(1 3)-[alpha-L-fucopyranosyl-(1 -> 4)]-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1 -> 3)-beta-D-galactopyranoside, is presented to enable further investigation of the carbohydrate recognition process of H. pylori.

  • 45.
    Fournière, Viviane
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Cumpstey, Ian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Synthesis of non-glycosidically linked selenoether pseudodisaccharides2010In: Tetrahedron Letters, ISSN 0040-4039, E-ISSN 1359-8562, Vol. 51, no 16, p. 2127-2129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Non-glycosidically linked disaccharide mimetics with a selenoether functionality linking the two monosaccharide residues have been synthesised. Protected Glc(Se3–3)Glc, Glc(Se3–6)Glc and Glc(Se3–6)Man structures were obtained. Selenium was introduced by displacement of carbohydrate sulfonates with a selenobenzoate anion. Conversion into diselenides by methanolysis of the benzoate and aerial oxidation was followed by reduction of the diselenides to selenolates, and in situ displacement of a second carbohydrate sulfonate in an SN2 reaction to give selenoethers. Glc(Se3–3)Glc and Glc(Se3–6)Glc were also obtained in deprotected form.

  • 46.
    Fransson, Linda
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry. KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Biochemistry. KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Centres, Albanova VinnExcellence Center for Protein Technology, ProNova.
    Laurell, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Widyan, Khalid
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Wingstrand, Erica
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Hult, Karl
    KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Biochemistry. KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Centres, Albanova VinnExcellence Center for Protein Technology, ProNova.
    Moberg, Christina
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Minor Enantiomer Recycling-Effect of Two Reinforcing Catalysts on Product Yield and Enantiomeric Excess2010In: ChemCatChem, ISSN 1867-3880, E-ISSN 1867-3899, Vol. 2, no 6, p. 683-693Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Kinetic modeling of a recycling procedure in which the minor product enantiomer from an enantioselective catalytic reaction is selectively retransformed to starting material by a second chiral catalyst demonstrates that the enantiomeric excess of the product is not affected by the relative amounts of the two catalysts, but that the yield increases when the amount of the catalyst for the product-forming reaction is increased. The yield, but not the enantiomeric excess, is also affected by the initial substrate concentration. The recycling process is compared to sequential processes in which either the second catalyst is added after completion of the first reaction or in which the two catalysts are added simultaneously. In the sequential processes, high enantioselectivity can be obtained at the expense of product yield, whereas under recycling conditions both high enantiomeric excess and high yield can be achieved. Experimental data from a recycling procedure providing qualitative support for results from kinetic modeling are presented.

  • 47.
    Frigell, Jens
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Synthesis of O-linked Carbasugar Analogues of Galactofuranosides and N-linked Neodisaccharides2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, carbohydrate mimicry is investigated through the syntheses of carbohydrate analogues and evaluation of their inhibitory effects on carbohydrate-processing enzymes.

    Galactofuranosides are interesting structures because they are common motifs in pathogenic microorganisms but not found in mammals. M.tuberculosis, responsible for the disease tuberculosis, has a cell wall containing a repeating unit of alternating (1→5)- and (1→6)-linked β-D-galactofuranosyl residues. Synthetic inhibitors of the enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of the cell wall could find great therapeutic use.

    The first part of this thesis describes the first synthesis of the hydrolytically stable carbasugar analogue of galactofuranose, 4a-carba-β-D-Galf, and the synthetic work of synthesising β-linked pseudodisaccharides containing carba-Galf, which were tested for glycosyltransferease inhibitory activity. The pseudodisaccharide carba-Galf-(β1→5)-carba-Galf was found to be a moderate inhibitor of the glycosyltransferase GlfT2 of M.tuberculosis. The thesis also describes how a general method towards biologically relevant α-linked carba-Galf ethers was developed.

    The final part of this thesis is focussed on the formation of nitrogen-linked monosaccharides without the participation of the anomeric centre. Such a mode of coupling is called tail-to-tail neodisaccharide formation. The couplings of carbohydrate derivatives via the Mitsunobu reaction are successfully reported herein. The method describes the key introduction of an allylic alcohol in the electrophile and the subsequent functionalisation of the alkene to obtain the neodisaccharide. Two synthesised neodisaccharides presented in this thesis have been sent to be tested for glycosidase inhibitory activity.

  • 48.
    Frigell, Jens
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Cumpstey, Ian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Carbasugar analogues of galactofuranosides: alpha-O-linked derivatives2010In: BEILSTEIN J ORG CHEM, ISSN 1860-5397, Vol. 6, p. 1127-1131Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using an indirect method, we have synthesised alpha-linked carbasugar analogues of galactofuranosides for the first time. Ring opening of a beta-talo configured carbasugar 1,2-epoxide by alcohol nucleophiles under Lewis acidic conditions proceeded with very good regioselectivity to give alpha-talo configured C1-substituted ethers with a free OH-group at the C2 position. Inversion of configuration at C2 by an oxidation-reduction sequence gave the alpha-galacto configured carbahexofuranose C1 ethers. A carbadisaccharide corresponding to the Galf(alpha 1 -> 3)Manp substructure from Apodus deciduus galactomannan was synthesised to exemplify the method.

  • 49.
    Gao, Weiming
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical, Inorganic and Structural Chemistry, Structural Chemistry.
    Åkermark, Torbjörn
    Li, Mingrun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical, Inorganic and Structural Chemistry, Structural Chemistry.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical, Inorganic and Structural Chemistry, Structural Chemistry.
    Sun, Licheng
    Åkermark, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Attachment of a hydrogen-bonding carboxylate side chain to an [FeFe]-hydrogenase model complex: Influence on the catalytic mechanism2010In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 16, no 8, p. 2537-2546Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Azapropanedithiolate (adt)-bridged model complexes of [FeFe]-hydrogenase bearing a carboxylic acid functionality have been designed with the aim of decreasing the potential for reduction of protons to hydrogen. Protonation of the bisphosphine complexes 46 has been studied by in situ IR and NMR spectroscopy, which revealed that protonation with triflic acid most likely takes place first at the N-bridge for complex 4 but at the FeFe bond for complexes 5 and 6. Using an excess of acid, the diprotonated species could also be observed, but none of the protonated species was sufficiently stable to be isolated in a pure state. Electrochemical studies have provided an insight into the catalytic mechanisms under strongly acidic conditions, and have also shown that complexes 3 and 6 are electro-active in aqueous solution even in the absence of acid, presumably due to hydrogen bonding. Hydrogen evolution, driven by visible light, has been observed for three-component systems consisting of [Ru(bpy)3]2+, complex 1, 2, or 3, and ascorbic acid in CH3CN/D2O solution by on-line mass spectrometry.

  • 50.
    Georgieva, Polina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Himo, Fahmi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Quantum chemical modeling of enzymatic reactions: The Case of histone lysine methyltransferase2010In: Journal of Computational Chemistry, ISSN 0192-8651, E-ISSN 1096-987X, Vol. 31, no 8, p. 1707-1714Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Quantum chemical cluster models of enzyme active sites are today an important and powerful tool in the study of various aspects of enzymatic reactivity. This methodology has been applied to a wide spectrum of reactions and many important mechanistic problems have been solved. Herein, we report a systematic study of the reaction mechanism of the histone lysine methyltransferase (HKMT) SET7/9 enzyme, which catalyzes the methylation of the N-terminal histone tail of the chromatin structure. In this study, HKMT SET7/9 serves as a representative case to examine the modeling approach for the important class of methyl transfer enzymes. Active site models of different sizes are used to evaluate the methodology. In particular, the dependence of the calculated energies on the model size, the influence of the dielectric medium, and the particular choice of the dielectric constant are discussed. In addition, we examine the validity of some technical aspects, such as geometry optimization in solvent or with a large basis set, and the use of different density functional methods.

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