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  • 1. Ali, Majid
    et al.
    Bashir, Tariq
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Persson, Nils-Krister
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Stretch Sensing Properties of PEDOT Coated Conductive Yarns Produced by OCVD Process2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Ankerfors, M.
    et al.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Duker, E.
    Lindström, T.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Topo-chemical modification of fibres by grafting of carboxymethyl cellulose in pilot scale2013In: Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631 , no 1, p. 6-14Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Athley, Karin
    et al.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Granlöf, Lars
    RISE, Innventia.
    Söderberg, Daniel
    RISE, Innventia.
    Ström, Göran
    RISE, Innventia.
    Optimizing the benefit of retention chemicals2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Axelsson, Linda
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Organic Pharmaceutical Chemistry.
    Veron, Jean-Baptiste
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Organic Pharmaceutical Chemistry.
    Sävmarker, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Organic Pharmaceutical Chemistry.
    Lindh, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Odell, Luke
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Organic Pharmaceutical Chemistry.
    Larhed, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Organic Pharmaceutical Chemistry.
    An Improved Palladium(II)-Catalyzed Method for the Synthesis of Aryl Ketones from Aryl Carboxylic Acids and Organonitriles2014In: Tetrahedron Letters, ISSN 0040-4039, E-ISSN 1359-8562, Vol. 55, no 15, p. 2376-2380Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A palladium(II)-catalyzed decarboxylative protocol for the synthesis of aryl ketones has been developed. The addition of TFA was shown to improve the reaction yield and employing THF as solvent enabled the use of solid nitriles and in only a small excess. Using this method, five different benzoic acids reacted with a wide range of nitriles to produce 29 diverse (hetero)aryl ketone derivatives in up to 94% yield.

  • 5.
    Barghi, Hamidreza
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Functionalization of Synthetic Polymers for Membrane Bioreactors2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Membrane bioreactors (MBRs) show great promise for productivity improvement and energy conservation in conventional bioprocesses for wastewater reclamation. In order to attain high productivity in a bioprocess, it is crucial to retain the microorganisms in the bioreactors by preventing wash out. This enables recycling of the microorganisms, and is consequently saving energy. The main feature of MBRs is their permeable membranes, acting as a limitative interface between the medium and the microorganisms. Permeation of nutrients and metabolites through the membranes is thus dependent on the membrane characteristics, i.e. porosity, hydrophilicity,and polarity. The present thesis introduces membranes for MBRs to be used in a continuous feeding process, designed in the form of robust, durable, and semi-hydrophilic films that constitute an effective barrier for the microorganisms, while permitting passage of nutrients and metabolites. Polyamide 46 (polytetramethylene adipamide), a robust synthetic polymer, holds the desired capabilities, with the exception of porosity and hydrophilicity. In order to achieve adequate porosity and hydrophilicity, bulk functionalization of polyamide 46 with different reagents was performed. These procedures changed the configuration from dense planar to spherical, resulting in increased porosity. Hydroxyethylation of the changed membranes increased the surface tension from 11.2 to 44.6 mJ/m2. The enhanced hydrophilicity of PA 46 resulted in high productivity of biogas formation in a compact MBR, due to diminished biofouling. Copolymerization of hydrophilized polyamide 46 with hydroxymethyl 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene revealed electroconductivity and hydrophilic properties, adequate for use in MBRs. To find either the maximal pH stability or the surface charge of the membranes having undergone carboxymethylation, polarity and the isoelectric point (pI) of the treated membranes were studied by means of a Zeta analyzer. The hydroxylated PA 46 was finally employed in a multilayer membrane bioreactor and compared with hydrophobic polyamide and PVDF membranes. The resulting biogas production showed that the hydroxylated PA 46 membrane was, after 18 days without regeneration, fully comparable with PVDF membranes.

  • 6.
    Bashir, Tariq
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Bakare, Fatimat
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Baghaei, Behnaz
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Mehrjerdi, Adib Kalantar
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Influence of different organic solvents and oxidants on insulating and film-forming properties of PEDOT polymer2013In: Iranian polymer journal, ISSN 1026-1265, E-ISSN 1735-5265, Vol. 22, no 8, p. 599-611Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Processing of conjugate polymers has always been a challenge because of their poor solubility and infusibility in organic and inorganic solvents. The processibility and applications of intrinsically conductive polymers (ICPs) can be enhanced by producing their solutions or dispersions in different suitable solvents. It can also be achieved by preparing un-doped or electrically neutral polymers, which can further be transformed in semiconductor after oxidation/reduction reaction. The present study focuses on the preparation of active dispersions of poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) conductive polymer in various organic solvents. For this purpose, the polymerization of 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT) monomer was carried out in three different organic solvents, ethanol, 1-butanol and acetonitrile with two commonly used oxidants, ferric (III) chloride (FeCl3) and ferric (III) p-toluenesulfonate (FepTS). In this regard, the oxidant and monomer solutions with variable molar concentrations (0.25, 0.5, 1.0 M) were prepared in particular solvents and then these solutions were mixed with different monomer/oxidant volume ratios. The obtained dispersions of PEDOT can readily be polymerized on the surface of different materials after solvent evaporation and a uniform film can be achieved. The effect of molar as well as volume concentrations of EDOT monomer and oxidant on insulating (undoped/neutral) and film forming properties of PEDOT was investigated. These dispersions were applied on a transparent PET film and cellulosic fibers (viscose), dried at room temperature and analyzed using scanning electron microscope (SEM), optical microscope and ATR-FTIR spectroscopic analysis. The electrical characterization of undoped PEDOT-coated fibers was performed on Keithly picoammeter. This study contributes to obtain a simpler and instantaneous polymerization method of PEDOT preparation and to enhance its application area.

  • 7.
    Bashir, Tariq
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Fast, Lars
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Persson, Nils-Krister
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
    Electrical Resistance Measurement Methods and Electrical Characterization of Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)- Coated Conductive Fibers2012In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, ISSN 0021-8995, E-ISSN 1097-4628, Vol. 124, no 4, p. 2954-2961Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Textile fibers and yarns of high conductivity, and their integration into wearable textiles for different electronic applications, have become an important research field for many research groups throughout the world. We have produced novel electrically conductive textile yarns by vapor-phase polymerization (VPP) of a conjugated polymer, poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT), on the surface of commercially available textile yarns (viscose). In this article, we have presented a novel setup for electrical resistance measurements, which can be used not only for fibrous structures but also for woven structures of specific dimensions. We have reported a two-point resistance- measuring method using an already manufactured setup and also a comparison with the conventionally used method (so-called crocodile clip method). We found that the electrical properties of PEDOT-coated viscose fibers strongly depend on the concentration of oxidant (FeCl3)and the doping (oxidation) process of PEDOT. To evaluate the results, we used mass specific resistance values of PEDOT-coated viscose yarns instead of normal surface resistance values. The voltage–current (V–I) characteristics support the ohmic behavior of coated fibers to some extent. Monitoring of the charging effect of the flow of current through conductive fibers for prolonged periods of time showed that conductivity remains constant. The change in electrical resistance values with increase in the length of coated fibers was also reported. The resistance measuring setup employed could also be used for continuous measurement of resistance in the production of conductive fibers, as well as for four-point resistance measurement.

  • 8.
    Blom, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Biochemistry and Organic Chemistry.
    Velikyan, Irina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Oncology and Radiation Science, Biomedical Radiation Sciences.
    Monazzam, Azita
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine Tumor Biology.
    Razifar, Pasha
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Centre for Image Analysis. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Nair, Manoj
    Razifar, Payam
    Vanderheyden, Jean-Luc
    Krivoshein, Arcadius V.
    Backer, Marina
    Backer, Joseph
    Långström, Bengt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Biochemistry and Organic Chemistry.
    Synthesis and characterization of scVEGF-PEG-[68Ga]NOTA and scVEGF-PEG-[68Ga]DOTA PET tracers2011In: Journal of labelled compounds & radiopharmaceuticals, ISSN 0362-4803, E-ISSN 1099-1344, Vol. 54, no 11, p. 685-692Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling via vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2) on tumor endothelial cells is a critical driver of tumor angiogenesis. Novel anti-angiogenic drugs target VEGF/VEGFR-2 signaling and induce changes in VEGFR-2 prevalence. To monitor VEGFR-2 prevalence in the course of treatment, we are evaluating (68)Ga positron emission tomography imaging agents based on macrocyclic chelators, site-specifically conjugated via polyethylene glycol (PEG) linkers to engineered VEGFR-2 ligand, single-chain (sc) VEGF. The (68)Ga-labeling was performed at room temperature with NOTA (2,2', 2 ''-(1,4,7-triazonane-1,4,7-triyl) triacetic acid) conjugates or at 90 degrees C by using either conventional or microwave heating with NOTA and DOTA (2,2', 2 '', 2'''-(1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetrayl) tetraacetic acid) conjugates. The fastest (similar to 2min) and the highest incorporation (>90%) of (68)Ga into conjugate that resulted in the highest specific radioactivity (similar to 400MBq/nmol) was obtained with microwave heating of the conjugates. The bioactivity of the NOTA-and DOTA-containing tracers was validated in 3-D tissue culture model of 293/KDR cells engineered to express high levels of VEGFR-2. The NOTA-containing tracer also displayed a rapid accumulation (similar to 20s after intravenous injection) to steady-state level in xenograft tumor models. A combination of high specific radioactivity and maintenance of functional activity suggests that scVEGF-PEG-[(68)Ga] NOTA and scVEGF-PEG-[(68)Ga] DOTA might be promising tracers for monitoring VEGFR-2 prevalence and should be further explored.

  • 9.
    Blom, Magnus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC, Synthetical Organic Chemistry.
    Norrehed, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC, Synthetical Organic Chemistry.
    Andersson, Claes-Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC, Synthetical Organic Chemistry.
    Huang, Hao
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Light, Mark E.
    Department of Chemistry, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton SO17 1BJ, U.K.
    Bergquist, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC, Analytical Chemistry.
    Grennberg, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC, Physical Organic Chemistry.
    Gogoll, Adolf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC, Synthetical Organic Chemistry.
    Synthesis and Properties of Bis-Porphyrin Molecular Tweezers: Effects of Spacer Flexibility on Binding and Supramolecular Chirogenesis2016In: Molecules, ISSN 1420-3049, E-ISSN 1420-3049, Vol. 21, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: Ditopic binding of various dinitrogen compounds to three bisporphyrin molecular tweezers with spacers of varying conformational rigidity, incorporating the planar ene-diyne (1), the helical stiff stilbene (2), or the semirigid glycoluril motif fused to  the porphyrins (3) are compared. Binding constants Ka = 10^4 to 10^6 M^-1 reveal subtle  differences between these tweezers, that are discussed in terms of porphyrin dislocation  modes. Exciton coupled circular dichroism (ECCD) of complexes with chiral dinitrogen  guests provides experimental evidence for the conformational properties of the tweezers. The results are further supported and rationalized by conformational analysis.

  • 10.
    Brodin, Ida
    et al.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Ernstsson, Marie
    YKI, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Gellerstedt, Göran
    RISE, Innventia.
    Sjöholm, Elisabeth
    RISE, Innventia.
    Oxidative stabilisation of kraft lignin for carbon fibre production2012In: Holzforschung, ISSN 0018-3830, E-ISSN 1437-434X, no 2, p. 141-147Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Carlsson, Daniel O
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Hua, Kai
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Forsgren, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Mihranyan, Albert
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Aspirin stability in anionically charged crystalline nanocellulose2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Carlsson, Daniel O
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Lindh, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Nyholm, Leif
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Inorganic Chemistry.
    Strømme, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Mihranyan, Albert
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Cooxidant-free TEMPO-mediated oxidation of highly crystalline Cladophora nanocellulose2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Carlsson, Daniel O
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Lindh, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Strømme, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Mihranyan, Albert
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Susceptibility of Iα- and Iβ-Dominated Cellulose to TEMPO-Mediated Oxidation2015In: Biomacromolecules, ISSN 1525-7797, E-ISSN 1526-4602, Vol. 16, no 5, p. 1643-1649Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Denisova, Aleksandra
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Molecular Biomimetics.
    Emanuelsson, Rikard
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Ottosson, Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Molecular Biomimetics.
    Expanding the (Cross-)Hyperconjugation of 1,4-Disilacyclohexa-2,5-dienes to Larger Monomers and Oligomers: A Computational Investigation2016In: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 6, no 43, p. 36961-36970Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We used density functional theory calculations to examine molecules that can be regarded as expanded 1,4-disilacyclohexa-2,5-dienes as well as oligomers based on these or 1,4-disilacyclohexa-2,5-diene with the aim to identify systems with extended (cross-)hyperconjugation. Among the three "expanded 1,4-disilacyclohexa-2,5-dienes" considered cyclobutadisilole is the most interesting as it has a higher thermodynamic stability than the isomeric 1,6-disilacyclodeca-2,3,4,7,8,9-hexaene and significantly lower first electronic excitation energy than 1,6-disilacyclodeca-2,4,7,9-tetraene. Cyclobutadisilole with trimethylsilyl substituents at Si shows particularly low excitations with the first strong transition at 3.46 eV (358 nm), i.e., similar to 1.1 eV lower than in 1,4-disilacyclohexa-2,5-diene. The monomers were connected into oligomers via their Si atoms using bis(dimethylsilanediyl) linkers, and some extended hyperconjugation was revealed. The first allowed UV/Vis excitation in the cyclobutadisilole-based tetramers is calculated at 2.57 eV (482 nm), although the lowering in excitation energies when going from monomer to tetramer is merely similar to 0.5 eV and hyperconjugation has modest impact on geometries. Yet, the tetra(cyclobutadisilole) has a significantly lower first allowed excitation when compared to a previously studied tetra(1,4-disilacyclohexadiene) with first excitation at 3.9 eV (318 nm).

  • 15.
    Fors, Jonathan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Modeling and OpenFOAM simulation of streamers in transformer oil2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Electric breakdown in power transformers is preceded by pre-breakdown events such as streamers. The understanding of these phenomena is important in order to optimize liquid insulation systems. Earlier works have derived a model that describes streamers in transformer oil and utilized a finite element method to produce numerical solutions. This research investigates the consequences of changing the numerical method to a finite volume-based solver implemented in OpenFOAM. Using a standardized needle-sphere geometry, a number of oil and voltage combinations were simulated, and the results are for the most part similar to those produced by the previous method. In cases with differing results the change is attributed to the more stable numerical performance of the OpenFOAM solver. A proof of concept for the extension of the simulation from a two-dimensional axial symmetry to three dimensions is also presented.

  • 16.
    Gellerstedt, G.
    et al.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Tomani, P.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Axegård, P.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Backlund, B.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Lignin recovery and lignin-based products2013In: Green Chemistry, ISSN 1463-9262, E-ISSN 1463-9270, p. 180-210Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Hao, Huang
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Strømme, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Gogoll, Adolf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC.
    Sjödin, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Potential Tuning in Quinone-pyrrole Dyad Based Conducting Redox PolymersManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, conducting redox polymers (CRPs), which consist of a polypyrrole conducting polymer (CP) backbone with attached quinone pendant groups (PGs), have been explored as electrode materials for organic batteries. A modular organic synthetic approach allows the assembly of the pyrrole and quinone units into quinone-pyrrole dyads. These dyad monomers were copolymerized electrochemically with pyrrole to yield the CRPs. DFT calculations were used to predict the formal potentials of the dyads, showing excellent agreement with the experimental values of the corresponding CRPs. Moreover, it is shown that the matching between the redox potential of PGs and the conductive region of CPs is an absolute requirement for good performance of these materials. With access to CRP materials with varying quinone formal potentials a prototype of a full organic based battery was constructed by choosing two CRPs with different quinone potentials. A galvanostatic charge-discharge study showed that the cell potentials coincided well with the difference in redox potential between the quinone substituents used in the anode and cathode CRP.

  • 18. Hua, K.
    et al.
    Carlsson, D.O.
    Ålander, E.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Lindström, T.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Strömme, M.
    Mihranyan, A.
    Ferraz, N.
    Translational study between structure and biological response of nanocellulose from wood and green algae2014In: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 4, no 6, p. 2892-2903Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Huang, Hao
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Karlsson, Christoffer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Strømme, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Sjödin, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Gogoll, Adolf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Biochemistry and Organic Chemistry, Organic Chemistry I. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC, Synthetical Organic Chemistry.
    Hydroquinone–pyrrole dyads with varied linkers2016In: Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 2195-951X, E-ISSN 1860-5397, Vol. 12, p. 89-96Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A series of pyrroles functionalized in the 3-position with p-dimethoxybenzene via various linkers (CH2, CH2CH2, CH=CH, C≡C) has been synthesized. Their electronic properties have been deduced from 1H NMR, 13C NMR, and UV–vis spectra to detect possible interactions between the two aromatic subunits. The extent of conjugation between the subunits is largely controlled by the nature of the linker, with the largest conjugation found with the trans-ethene linker and the weakest with the aliphatic linkers. DFT calculations revealed substantial changes in the HOMO–LUMO gap that correlated with the extent of conjugation found experimentally. The results of this work are expected to open up for use of the investigated compounds as components of redox-active materials in sustainable, organic electrical energy storage devices.

  • 20.
    Huang, Xiao
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC, Organic Chemistry.
    Conducting Redox Polymers for Electrode Materials: Synthetic Strategies and Electrochemical Properties2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Organic electrode materials represent an intriguing alternative to their inorganic counterparts due to their sustainable and environmental-friendly properties. Their plastic character allows for the realization of light-weight, versatile and disposable devices for energy storage. Conducting redox polymers (CRPs) are one type of the organic electrode materials involved, which consist of a π-conjugated polymer backbone and covalently attached redox units, the so-called pendant. The polymer backbone can provide conductivity while it is oxidized or reduced (i. e., p- or n-doped) and the concurrent redox chemistry of the pendant provides charge capacity. The combination of these two components enables CRPs to provide both high charge capacity and high power capability. This dyad polymeric framework provides a solution to the two main problems associated with organic electrode materials based on small molecules: the dissolution of the active material in the electrolyte, and the sluggish charge transport within the material. This thesis introduces a general synthetic strategy to obtain the monomeric CRPs building blocks, followed by electrochemical polymerization to afford the active CRPs material. The choice of pendant and of polymer backbone depends on the potential match between these two components, i.e. the redox reaction of the pendant and the doping of backbone occurring within the same potential region. In the thesis, terephthalate and polythiophene were selected as the pendant and polymer backbone respectively, to get access to low potential CRPs. It was found that the presence of a non-conjugated linker between polymer backbone and pendant is essential for the polymerizability of the monomers as well as for the preservation of individual redox activities. The resulting CRPs exhibited fast charge transport within the polymer film and low activation barriers for charge propagation. These low potential CRPs were designed as the anode materials for energy storage applications. The combination of redox active pendant as charge carrier and a conductive polymer backbone reveals new insights into the requirements of organic matter based electrical energy storage materials.

  • 21.
    Hulteberg, Christian
    et al.
    Biofuel-Solution i Malmö AB ( Lund University/ Chemical Engineering) .
    Brandin, Jan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering. Biofuel-Solution i Malmö AB.
    Method for Hydrogenating 1,2-Unsaturated Carbonylic Compounds2011Patent (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Disclosed is a method of hydrogenating an1,2-unsaturated carbonylic compound to obtain the corresponding saturated carbonylic compound in the presence of a palladium catalyst with heterogeneous distribution of palladium

  • 22.
    Hulteberg, Christian
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Leveau, Andreas
    Biofuel-Solution AB, Limhamn.
    Brandin, Jan
    Biofuel-Solution AB, Limhamn.
    Pore Condensation i Glycerol Dehydration2013In: Topics in catalysis, ISSN 1022-5528, E-ISSN 1572-9028, Vol. 56, no 9-10, p. 813-821Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Pore condensation followed by polymerizationis proposed as an explanatory model of several observationsreported in the literature regarding the dehydration ofglycerol to acrolein. The major conclusion is that glycerolpore condensation in the micro- and mesopores, followedby polymerization in the pores, play a role in catalystdeactivation.

  • 23. Håkansson, K.M.O.
    et al.
    Fall, A.B.
    Lundell, F.
    Yu, S.
    Krywka, C.
    Roth, S.V.
    Santoro, G.
    Kvick, M.
    Prahl Wittberg, L.
    Soderberg, L.D.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Hydrodynamic alignment and assembly of nanofibrils resulting in strong cellulose filaments2014In: Nature Communications, ISSN 2041-1723, E-ISSN 2041-1723, Vol. 5, article id 4018Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Jacobs, Anna
    et al.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Aldaeus, Fredrik
    RISE, Innventia.
    Lignin and hemicellulose characterization for the biorefinery2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Jacobs, Anna
    et al.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Aldaeus, Fredrik
    RISE, Innventia.
    Chedid, Fadia
    RISE, Innventia.
    Molecular mass distribution of lignin from black liquor: methods comparison2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26. Junka, K.
    et al.
    Filpponen, I.
    Lindström, T.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Laine, J.
    Titrimetric methods for the determination of surface and total charge of functionalized nanofibrillated/microfibrillated cellulose (NFC/MFC)2013In: Cellulose (London), ISSN 0969-0239, E-ISSN 1572-882X, no 6, p. 2887-2895Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Krochak, Paul
    et al.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Holm, Rickard
    RISE, Innventia.
    Söderberg, Daniel
    RISE, Innventia.
    Drag reduction characteristics of micro-fibrillated cellulose suspensions2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Lai, Kwok Kei
    et al.
    Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, P. R. China .
    Renneberg, Reinhard
    Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, P. R. China .
    Mak, Wing Cheung
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biosensors and Bioelectronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    High efficiency single-step biomaterial-based microparticle fabrication via template-directed supramolecular coordination chemistry2016In: Green Chemistry, ISSN 1463-9262, E-ISSN 1463-9270, Vol. 18, no 6, p. 1715-1723Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Biomaterial-based microparticles have attracted much attention for medical and biological applications such as pharmaceutics, bioseparation and cosmetics. Emerging technologies enable versatile and facile fabrication of microparticles, with key features being purity, precise size control, mild preparation conditions and minimal processing. Here, an innovative approach combining template synthesis, biomolecule assembly and partial-purification within a single step for high efficiency fabrication of pure biomaterial-based microparticles is reported. This concept is based on facile co-precipitation of biomolecules within CaCO3 templates and simultaneous crosslinking of entrapped biomolecules via Ca2+ driven supramolecular coordination chemistry, followed by template removal. Carbohydrate (alginate) and proteins (casein and fresh milk) are used as models of biomolecules. The process driven by selective crosslinking automatically excludes non-specific materials from the template and thus provides the additional function of partial-purification, as demonstrated using highly complexed fresh milk. This green approach to fabrication of biomaterial-based microparticles offers three critical advantages (i) mild conditions to preserve the chemical and secondary structures of biomolecules; (ii) single processing step to facilitate scale-up production; and (iii) partial-purification without the need for upstream raw material purification. This innovative approach not only addresses fundamental issues in fabrication techniques, but also marks progress in energy and environmental conservation during manufacturing processes.

  • 29.
    Larsson, Per Tomas
    RISE, Innventia.
    Solid state NMR as a tool for measuring pore sizes in water swollen cellulose fibre walls2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Lindh, Erik L
    et al.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Bergenstråhle-Wohlert, M.
    Terenzi, C.
    Salmén, Lennart
    RISE, Innventia.
    Furo, I
    Non-exchanging hydroxyl groups on the surface of cellulose fibrils: The role of interaction with water2016In: Carbohydrate Research, ISSN 0008-6215, E-ISSN 1873-426X, Vol. 434, p. 136-142Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The interaction of water with cellulose stages many unresolved questions. Here 2H MAS NMR and IR spectra recorded under carefully selected conditions in 1H-2H exchanged, and re-exchanged, cellulose samples are presented. It is shown here, by a quantitative and robust approach, that only two of the three available hydroxyl groups on the surface of cellulose fibrils are exchanging their hydrogen with the surrounding water molecules. This finding is additionally verified and explained by MD simulations which demonstrate that the 1HO(2) and 1HO(6) hydroxyl groups of the constituting glucose units act as hydrogen-bond donors to water, while the 1HO(3) groups behave exclusively as hydrogen-bond acceptors from water and donate hydrogen to their intra-chain neighbors O(5). We conclude that such a behavior makes the latter hydroxyl group unreactive to hydrogen exchange with water.

  • 31.
    Lindh, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Carlsson, Daniel O
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Strømme, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Mihranyan, Albert
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    One-pot formation of 2,3-dialdehyde cellulose (DAC) beads2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Liu, Jun
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials. Jiangsu Univ, Sch Environm & Safety Engn, Biofuels Inst, Zhenjiang.
    Bacher, Markus
    Univ Nat Resources & Appl Life Sci BOKU, Dept Chem, Vienna.
    Rosenau, Thomas
    Univ Nat Resources & Appl Life Sci BOKU, Dept Chem, Vienna; Åbo Akad Univ, Lab Wood & Paper Chem, Johan Gadolin Proc Chem Ctr, Turku.
    Willfoer, Stefan
    Åbo Akad Univ, Lab Wood & Paper Chem, Johan Gadolin Proc Chem Ctr, Turku.
    Mihranyan, Albert
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Potentially Immunogenic Contaminants in Wood-Based and Bacterial Nanocellulose: Assessment of Endotoxin and (1,3)-β-d-Glucan Levels2018In: Biomacromolecules, ISSN 1525-7797, E-ISSN 1526-4602, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 150-157Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge gaps in the biosafety data of the nanocellulose (NC) for biomedical use through various routes of administration call for closer look at health and exposure evaluation. This work evaluated the potentially immunogenic contaminants levels, for example, endotoxin and (1,3)-β-d-glucan, in four representative NCs, that is, wood-based NCs and bacterial cellulose (BC). The hot-water extracts were analyzed with ELISA assays, HPSEC-MALLS, GC, and NMR analysis. Varying levels of endotoxin and (1,3)-β-d-glucan contaminats were found in these widely used NCs. Although the β-(1,3)-d-glucan was not detected from the NMR spectra due to the small extract samples amount (2–7 mg), the anomerics and highly diastereotopic 6-CH2 signals may suggest the presence of β-(1,4)-linkages with β-(1,6) branching in the polysaccharides of NCs’ hot-water extracts, which were otherwise not detectable in the enzymatic assay. In all, the article highlights the importance of monitoring various water-soluble potentially immunogenic contaminants in NC for biomedical use.

  • 33.
    Liu, Jun
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials. Åbo Akad Univ, Lab Wood & Paper Chem, Johan Gadolin Proc Chem Ctr, Porthansgatan 3-5, FI-20500 Turku, Finland..
    Willfor, Stefan
    Abo Akad Univ, Lab Wood & Paper Chem, Johan Gadolin Proc Chem Ctr, Porthansgatan 3-5, FI-20500 Turku, Finland..
    Mihranyan, Albert
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials. Uppsala Univ, Dept Engn Sci, Nanotechnol & Funct Mat, Box 534, S-75121 Uppsala, Sweden..
    On importance of impurities, potential leachables and extractables in algal nanocellulose for biomedical use2017In: Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, E-ISSN 1879-1344, Vol. 172, p. 11-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nanocellulose-based biomaterials for biomedical and pharmaceutical applications have been extensively explored. However, studies on different levels of impurities in the nanocellulose and their potential risks are lacking. This article is the most comprehensive to date survey of the importance and characterization kof possible leachables and extractables in nanocellulose for biomedical use. In particular, the (1,3)-beta-D-glucan interference in endotoxin detection in algal nanocellulose was addressed. Potential lipophilic and hydrophilic leachables, toxic heavy metals, and microbial contaminants are also monitored. As a model system, nanocellulose from Cladophora sp. algae is investigated. The leachable (1,3)-beta-D-glucan and endotoxin, which possess strong immunogenic potential, from the cellulose were minimized to clinically insignificant levels of 4.7 mu g/g and 2.5 EU/g, respectively. The levels of various impurities in the Cladophora cellulose are acceptable for future biomedical applications. The presented approach could be considered as a guideline for other types of nanocellulose.

  • 34.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Impact of increased production on TOC to the Waste Water Treatment Plant: Piteå 7502017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today there are strict demands regarding emissions to water and air from the Swedish industries. This degree project, conducted at Smurfit Kappa Piteå, will focus on the emissions of organic material in waste water from the paper mill. The overall goal was through dynamic simulations predict the Total Organic Carbon (TOC) emissions from the paper mill at the time a foreseen increase of production is implemented. The recovery boiler is currently a bottleneck in the process and the production of sulphate pulp has today its maximum capacity. This means that production growth will occur exclusively by increasing the intake of recycled fiber. The work started with a comprehensive mapping of TOC, in which ingoing pulps in pulp towers, head boxes and effluent flows were mapped. This was done over a period of two weeks and thus covered a whole production cycle. A TOC method evaluation was conducted where the most suitable analysis method was determined.

    Mapped data were thereupon evaluated and significant variables were identified. It was determined that use of recycled fiber was the single most important variable to TOC load from paper machine 1 (PM1), but also starch addition to paper machine 2 (PM2) was found to be significant.

    The work then continued with the simulation phase, consisting of two main parts. The first part consisted of preparatory work where the model was developed to be able to accurately measure TOC load to the waste water treatment plant. This part also included work to identify necessary process changes as a result of an increased production. The second part consisted of the simulation. Three different scenarios were simulated for each paper machine plus two scenarios for the recycled fiber plant. The dynamic simulation model was successively calibrated with respect to TOC concentration and trends followed the ones expected by experience. In the production increase scenario simulated, TOC load distribution between PM1, PM2 and recycled fiber plant will more evenly distributed compared to current production. The largest increase of TOC load will come from the recycled fiber plant, which according to the simulation will increase with about 30 %.

  • 35. Majdejabbari, Sara
    et al.
    Barghi, Hamidreza
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J.
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Synthesis and Characterization of Biosuperabsorbent Based on Ovalbumin Protein2010In: Journal of macromolecular science. Pure and applied chemistry (Print), ISSN 1060-1325, E-ISSN 1520-5738, Vol. 47, no 7, p. 708-715Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A biosuperabsorbent (Bio-SAP) hydrogel from ovalbumin (egg protein) was synthesized via modification with an acylating reagent and a bifunctional crosslinker, and its swelling behavior was investigated. The protein was acylated using ethylenediaminetetraacetic dianhydride (EDTAD), and then crosslinked by glutaraldehyde and dried. Bio-SAP provided through this method includes modification of lysyl residues in the unfolded protein by adding one or more hydrophilic carboxyl groups to increase the hydrophilicity of protein. The water binding capacity was measured in deionized water, 0.9% NaCl solution and synthetic urine, which under the best conditions were 296, 64 and 56 g/g after 24 h, respectively. In addition, the effects of EDTAD/protein ratio on the chemical modification of the protein, the various chemical neutralization agents, pH sensitivity and ionic strength, as well as temperature and particle size on the water absorption capacity with and without load and its kinetic were also investigated.

  • 36.
    Neranon, Kitjanit
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Synthesis and Applications of Dynamic Multivalent Nanostructures2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focuses on the design, synthesis and development of dynamic multivalent nanostructures such as supramolecular dendrimers, liposomes and gold-functionalized nanostructures. These structures can be used for drug delivery and molecular sensing applications. This thesis is divided into three parts:

    In part one, a general introduction to self-assembly, dynamic systems, metalligand exchange, nanostructured dendritic scaffolds, liposomes and gold nanostructures is given.

    In part two, a microwave approach is presented as an efficient method for the regioselective deuteration of bipyridine scaffolds. Dynamic systems based on transition metal-bipyridine coordination complexes were investigated. The compositional self-adaptation and kinetics of these dynamic systems were successfully assessed by ESI-MS. Based on this amphiphilic dendrimers/metallodendrimers were also designed and synthesized via  a convergent strategy. Their ability to self-assemble into supramolecular assemblies and their controlled disassembly was effectively demonstrated.

    In part three, two types of drug delivery systems based on dynamic multivalent nanostructures of glycodendrimers/metalloglycodendrimers and drugpresenting liposomes were developed. The dynamic self-assembly of these architectures into supramolecular nanostructures with site-specific functionality through interacting carbohydrate or cholesterol moieties was assessed. The host-guest interaction/encapsulation and controlled release with external stimuli were studied using a fluorescent probe, as well as selected drug molecules. The antibacterial property of the drug delivery systems was also evaluated, demonstrating an enhanced bactericidal activity. A new, rapid and simple approach for the functionalization of plasmonic gold nanostructured surfaces was also developed. The optical performance and light-specific sensitivity of the fluorescent probe on the resulting nanostructures were also presented.

  • 37.
    Neranon, Kitjanit
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Ramström, OlofKTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Self-Assembly of Supramolecular Capsules Based on FeII-Dendrimer Complexes2014Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Neranon, Kitjanit
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Ramström, Olof
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Stimuli-Responsive, Multivalent Glycodendrimer/Metalloglycodendrimer Assemblies for Targeted DeliveryManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Neranon, Kitjanit
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Åslund, Mattias
    Draupner Innovations, Årsta, Sweden.
    Karalius, Antanas
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Yan, Min
    Xu, Hao
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics. Department of Applied Physics, Science for Life Laboratory.
    Fu, Ying
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics. KTH, Centres, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Petermann, Ingemar
    Nanoelectronics, Acreo Swedish ICT AB, Kista, Sweden.
    Björk, Per
    Nanoelectronics, Acreo Swedish ICT AB, Kista, Sweden.
    Ramström, Olof
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Laser-induced, Surface Plasmon-enhanced Two-photon Excitation for Efficient Chemical Functionalization of Nanostructured Gold SurfacesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 40. Olsen, E. K.
    et al.
    Hansen, E.
    Moodie, L. W. K.
    Isaksson, J.
    Sepčić, K.
    Cergolj, M.
    Svenson, Johan
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Medicinteknik.
    Andersen, J. H.
    Marine AChE inhibitors isolated from Geodia barretti: Natural compounds and their synthetic analogs2016In: Organic and biomolecular chemistry, ISSN 1477-0520, E-ISSN 1477-0539, Vol. 14, no 5, p. 1629-1640Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Barettin, 8,9-dihydrobarettin, bromoconicamin and a novel brominated marine indole were isolated from the boreal sponge Geodia barretti collected off the Norwegian coast. The compounds were evaluated as inhibitors of electric eel acetylcholinesterase. Barettin and 8,9-dihydrobarettin displayed significant inhibition of the enzyme, with inhibition constants (Ki) of 29 and 19 μM respectively towards acetylcholinesterase via a reversible noncompetitive mechanism. These activities are comparable to those of several other natural acetylcholinesterase inhibitors of marine origin. Bromoconicamin was less potent against acetylcholinesterase, and the novel compound was inactive. Based on the inhibitory activity, a library of 22 simplified synthetic analogs was designed and prepared to probe the role of the brominated indole, common to all the isolated compounds. From the structure-activity investigation it was shown that the brominated indole motif is not sufficient to generate a high acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity, even when combined with natural cationic ligands for the acetylcholinesterase active site. The four natural compounds were also analysed for their butyrylcholinesterase inhibitory activity in addition and shown to display comparable activities. The study illustrates how both barettin and 8,9-dihydrobarettin display additional bioactivities which may help to explain their biological role in the producing organism. The findings also provide new insights into the structure-activity relationship of both natural and synthetic acetylcholinesterase inhibitors.

  • 41. Penttilä, P.A.
    et al.
    Varnai, A.
    Pere, J.
    Tammelin, T.
    Salmen, L.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Siika-aho, M.
    Viikari, L.
    Serimaa, R.
    Xylan as limiting factor in enzymatic hydrolysis of nanocellulose2013In: Bioresource Technology, ISSN 0960-8524, E-ISSN 1873-2976, p. 135-141Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 42. Rezayati Charani, P.
    et al.
    Dehghani-Firouzabadi, M.
    Afra, E.
    Blademo, Åsa
    RISE, Innventia.
    Naderi, Ali
    RISE, Innventia.
    Lindström, Tom
    RISE, Innventia.
    Production of microfibrillated cellulose from unbleached kraft pulp of Kenaf and Scotch Pine and its effect on the properties of hardwood kraft:: Microfibrillated cellulose paper2013In: Cellulose (London), ISSN 0969-0239, E-ISSN 1572-882X, no 5, p. 2559-2567Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Saarinen, Gabrielle
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Development of Synthetic Routes for Preparation of 2,6-Disubstituted Spiro[3.3]heptanes.2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    2,6-Disubstituted spiro[3.3]heptanes were synthesized to investigate and develop synthetic methods for preparation of these compounds. Possibilities for introducing different functionalities like nitriles and sulfonamides were also investigated.

     

    Synthetic routes presented describe successive [2+2] cycloadditions between dichloroketene and olefins to give the sought after spiro compounds with low to moderate yields throughout the multi-step synthesis. [2+2] Cycloadditions offered low turnovers and chromatography was required for purification.

     

    A synthetic route with cyclisations through double substitution reactions between di-electrophiles and di-nucleophiles resulting in a 2,6-disubstituted spiro[3.3]heptane is also described. This multi-step synthesis offered higher turnover and yields and often there was no need for purification through chromatography.

  • 44. Salminen, Eero
    et al.
    Virtanen, Pasi
    Mikkola, Jyri-Pekka
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry. Laboratory of Industrial Chemistry and Reaction Engineering, Process Chemistry Centre, Åbo Akademi University, Åbo-Turku, Finland.
    Alkaline ionic liquids applied in supported ionic liquid catalyst for selective hydrogenation of citral to citronellal2014In: Frontiers in Chemistry, E-ISSN 2296-2646, Vol. 2, article id 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The challenge in preparation of ionic liquids containing a strong alkaline anion is to identify a suitable cation which can tolerate the harsh conditions induced by the anion. In this study, a commercial quaternary ammonium compound (quat) benzalkonium [ADBA] (alkyldimethylbenzylammonium) was used as a cation in the synthesis of different alkaline ionic liquids. In fact, the precursor, benzalkonium chloride, is a mixture of alkyldimethylbenzylammonium chlorides of various alkyl chain lengths and is commonly used in the formulation of various antiseptic products. The prepared ionic liquids were utilized as Supported Ionic Liquid Catalysts (SILCAs). Typically, a SILCA contains metal nanoparticles, enzymes, or metal complexes in an ionic liquid layer which is immobilized on a solid carrier material such as an active carbon cloth (ACC). The catalysts were applied in the selective hydrogenation of citral to citronellal which is an important perfumery chemical. Interestingly, 70% molar yield toward citronellal was achieved over a catalyst containing the alkaline ionic liquid benzalkonium methoxide.

  • 45.
    Singh, Vijay P.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC.
    Poon, Jia-fei
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC.
    Yan, Jiajie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC.
    Lu, Xi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences.
    Karlsson Ott, Marjam
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences.
    Butcher, Ray J.
    Howard Univ, Dept Chem, Washington, DC 20059 USA.
    Gates, Paul J.
    Univ Bristol, Sch Chem, Bristol BS8 1TS, Avon, England.
    Engman, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC.
    Nitro-, Azo-, and Amino Derivatives of Ebselen: Synthesis, Structure, and Cytoprotective Effects2017In: Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 0022-3263, E-ISSN 1520-6904, Vol. 82, no 1, p. 313-321Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Novel azo-bis-ebselen compounds 7 were prepared by reduction of 7-nitro-2-aryl-1,2-benzisoselenazol-3(2H)ones 3 and 6 with sodium benzenetellurolate; NaTeC6H5, and by reaction of 2-bromo-3-nitrobenzamides with Na2Se2. The X-ray structure of 7b showed that the molecule, due to strong intramolecular secondary Se center dot center dot center dot N interactions, is completely planar. Azo-compounds 7 upon further reaction with NaTeC6H5 were reductively cleaved to provide 2 equiv of the corresponding aromatic amine. The weak Se-N bond was not stable enough to survive the reaction conditions, and diselenides 8 were isolated after workup. Whereas azo-bis-ebselens 7 were poor mimics of the glutathione peroxidase (GPx)-enzymes, nitroebselens 3, 6, and 11b and diselenides 8 were 3-6-fold more active than ebselen. Based on Se-77 NMR. spectroscopy, a catalytic cycle for diselenide 8b, involving aminoebselen 14, was proposed. As assessed by chemiluminescence measurements, the good GPx-mimics could reduce production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in stimulated human mononuclear cells more efficiently than Trolox. No toxic effects of the, compounds were seen in MC3T3-cells at 25 mu M.

  • 46.
    Söderberg, D.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Fluid dynamic challenges of future nano cellulose fiber processes2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 47. Tanpichai, S.
    et al.
    Quero, F.
    Nogi, M.
    Yano, H.
    Young, R.J.
    Lindström, T.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Sampson, W.W.
    Eichhorn, S.J.
    Effective young's modulus of bacterial and microfibrillated cellulose fibrils in fibrous networks2012In: Biomacromolecules, ISSN 1525-7797, E-ISSN 1526-4602, no 5, p. 1340-1349Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Tong, Lianpeng
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
    Mononuclear Ruthenium Complexes that Catalyze Water to Dioxgen Oxidation2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The theme of this thesis is the development of mononuclear Ru-based complexes that are capable of catalyzing the water oxidation (or O2-evolving) reaction, e.g. 2 H2O → O2 + 4 H+ + 4 e. Several families of mononuclear Ru water oxidation catalysts were designed and prepared. They feature with anionic ancillary ligands that contain carboxylate or phenolate donors. The properties of the catalysts were investigated in various aspects including coordination geometry, electrochemical behavior, and ligand exchange. All catalysts showed outstanding catalytic activity towards water oxidation in the presence of cerium(IV) ammonium nitrate as a sacrificial oxidant. High-valent Ru intermediates involved in the reactions were characterized both experimentally and theoretically. The kinetics of catalytic water oxidation was examined based on one catalyst and a prevailing catalytic pathway was proposed. The catalytic cycle involved a sequence of oxidation steps from RuII−OH2 to RuV=O species and O−O bond formation via water-nucleophilic-attack to the RuV=O intermediate. By comparing properties and catalytic performance of Ru catalysts herein with that of previously reported examples, the effect of anionic ancillary ligands was clearly elucidated in the context of catalytic water oxidation. Aiming to further application in an envisaged artificial photosynthesis device, visible light-driven water oxidation was conducted and achieved primarily in a homogeneous three-component system containing catalyst, photosensitizer, and sacrificial electron acceptor. Moreover, one model Ru catalyst was successfully immobilized on ordinary glass carbon surface through a facile and widely applicable method.

  • 49.
    Vera, C. M.
    et al.
    Phenomenex Australia, Pty Ltd, Lane Cove, NSW 2067, Australia.
    Shock, D.
    Phenomenex Australia, Pty Ltd, Lane Cove, NSW 2067, Australia.
    Dennis, G. R.
    Australian Centre for Research on Separation Science, School of Science and Health, University of Western Sydney, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia.
    Samuelsson, Jörgen
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
    Enmark, Martin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
    Fornstedt, Torgny
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
    Shalliker, R. Andrew
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences. Australian Centre for Research on Separation Science, School of Science and Health, University of Western Sydney, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia.
    A preliminary study on the selectivity of linear polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons in SFC using phenyl-type stationary phases2015In: Microchemical journal (Print), ISSN 0026-265X, E-ISSN 1095-9149, Vol. 121, p. 136-140Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The retention behaviour of a homologous series of polyaromatic hydrocarbons was evaluated on two phenyl-type stationary phases in reversed phase supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC). These phases were the Synergi polar-RP phase and the Cosmosil 5PBB phase, both of which are polar end-capped and incorporate an ether in a propyl chain that tethers the phenyl ring to the silica surface. The Cosmosil 5PBB phase also has five bromine atoms on the phenyl ring. The retention capacity of the Cosmosil column was substantially greater than the Synergi column. However, selectivity on the Cosmosil column was effectively independent of the acetonitrile modifier composition in the CO2 mobile phase, whereas, selectivity on the Synergi column was greatly affected by the acetonitrile modifier in the CO2 mobile phase. The results from this study showed that selectivity and retention studies in HPLC cannot be used to predict selectivity and retention behaviour in SFC. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 50.
    Widenkvist, Erika
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Materials Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry.
    Boukhvalov, Danil
    Institute for Molecules and Materials, Radboud University of Nijmegen.
    Rubino, Stefano
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Experimental Physics.
    Akhtar, Sultan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Experimental Physics.
    Lu, Jun
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Materials Chemistry.
    Quinlan, Ronald
    Department of Applied Science, The College of William and Mary.
    Katsnelson, Mikhail I.
    Institute for Molecules and Materials, Radboud University .
    Leifer, Klaus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Experimental Physics.
    Grennberg, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Biochemistry and Organic Chemistry.
    Jansson, Ulf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Materials Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry.
    Mild sonochemical exfoliation of bromine-intercalated graphite a new route towards graphene2009In: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, ISSN 0022-3727, E-ISSN 1361-6463, Vol. 42, no 11, p. 112003-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A method to produce suspensions of graphene sheets by combining solution-based bromine intercalation and mild sonochemical exfoliation is presented. Ultrasonic treatment of graphite in water leads to the formation of suspensions of graphite flakes. The delamination is dramatically improved by intercalation of bromine into the graphite before sonication. The bromine intercalation was verified by Raman spectroscopy as well as by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and density functional theory (DFT) calculations show an almost ten times lower interlayer binding energy after introducing Br2 into the graphite. Analysis of the suspended material by transmission and scanning electron microscopy (TEM and SEM) revealed a significant content of few-layer graphene with sizes up to 30 µm, corresponding to the grain size of the starting material

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