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  • 251.
    Andersson, Elisabeth
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Jämställt föräldraskap: En kvalitativ litteraturstudie av aktuell forskning i Norden2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 252.
    Andersson, Ellinor
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Har ett idrottsmedlemskap som barn någon betydelse för den fysiska aktiviteten som vuxen?2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine whether students' memberships in sports clubs has affected their attitudes towards physical activity and physical activity level. It was a qualitative descriptive survey based on individual interviews. Results showed that there was a pattern between the former sports membership and current patterns of physical activity.  For instance, those who liked playing football at a young age, continue to adopt the same type of exercise today. This pattern applies to other types of physical activity, with or without club membership. In addition, many respondents thought that a club membership at a young age could have an impact on their physical activity as adults. This was mainly due to the positive feeling that sportsmen perception, that physical activity was something good and fun. Social cohesion in sport was the one thing that many of those interviewed believed was a major reason why sports, was perceived as positive.

  • 253.
    Andersson, Emelie
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Lindström, Emelie
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Ambassadörer inom tobaksprevention: en kvalitativ studie om peer education2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: In the project known as TBU, tobacco free adolescents in Blekinge, ambassadors in the ages 16-19 have been used for spreading information about tobacco to adolescents in the ages 13-15. This approach is related to the method peer education. The use of peers who are close in age or have similar experiences represents another way of learning than the more common situation between a teacher and a student. Objective: The objective of this study was to examine how ambassadors use peer education as tobacco prevention and how the ambassadors could be affected by their work as peer educators. Method: The methods used in this study were interviews with the ambassadors and a focus group interview with the project group of TBU. The material was analysed with a content analysis. Results: The results show that the ambassadors had, or had developed, an interest for their work and an ability to communicate with their target group, which they also stated as important parts of the role as an ambassador. The ambassadors had also been affected by their work. Their communication skills had been improved and they had had an increase in knowledge, which was thought to be a result of their education containing different parts and perspectives. Conclusion: The most important in the work of the ambassadors to prevent the use of tobacco in adolescents was the education the ambassadors had the first week of their work period. Therefore, we suggest that TBU develops a concrete material for the education with well- defined methods and targets which would aim to develop the ambassadors interest for the subject and their communication skills. Further studies could examine the relationship between students and ambassadors from the student's perspective.

  • 254.
    Andersson, Erica
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Ungdomars upplevelser av skolidrott som motivation till fysisk aktivitet2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Obesity is currently a major problem in children and adolescents, especially because of physical inactivity and poorer eating habits. The school is an important element in the promotion of child and adolescent habits of physical activity. School sports are also important for children and adolescent´s habits of physical activity in a lifelong perspective. The aim of the study was to highlight adolescent´s experience of school sports as motivation for physical activity. Qualitative interviews were used as data collection methods, followed by content analysis method of analysis. The sample in the study was a strategic choice, a total of nine students from grades three to two high schools in southwestern Sweden participated. The analysis of the data collection resulted in three main categories with four subcategories. The first main category was Knowledge as motivation, with subcategories Knowledge of Physical Activity and Knowledge of the health conept. The second main category was Participation and acknowledgment, with the subcategories To get positive feedback/respond and To be involved in decison-making. The last main category was Lack of personal interest. Overall theme of the results was Teachers create opportunities for physical activity. This is because the overall result of the study was that the teachers had a crucial role in the informants' experiences of physical education as a motivational and inspirational to physical activity. Continued research in this area may advantageously be to also find out the PE teachers' attitudes towards creating conditions for motivation to physical activity among students who are not interested in the topic in their teaching.

  • 255.
    Andersson, Erica
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Andersson, Sandra
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Sociala och mediala orsaker påverkar utvecklingen av Anorexia Nervosa bland unga kvinnor: En litteraturstudie2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Mental illness among young woman is a public health problem. Anorexia nervosa is categorized as a mental illness. Young woman affected by Anorexia nervosa, wich for example may be due to earlier life events that gave rise to mental imbalance in their everyday lives. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the socio-cultural reasons that contribute to the development of Anorexia nervosa among girls and young women 12-25 years. METHOD: The study is a literature review, based on 21 differens aricles. The method has been to look up earlier research in the area through various databases on the internet. Databases that have been used is pubmed and psycinfo. The articles were divided into different themes, with main category and subcategory. RESULTS: The results of the study was divided into two main categories each with two subcategories. Social causes for the occurrence of Anorexia nervosa: School and youth culture and the second was lack of family relationship. Media reasons in the emergence of Anorexia nervosa: Media image of the feminine ideal and negative inspiration on the internet. Socio-cultural reasons, medial reasons, family reasons, and cultural reasons. IMPLICATION: For example, one can study the various reason in a more specific level, and studying each factors separately. The study can also be used as a form of inspiration that reinforces the importance of health promotion activities for mental illness is the focus.

  • 256.
    Andersson, Eva A.
    et al.
    Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet.
    Defaire, Gi
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH.
    Hultgren, Staffan
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH.
    Nilsson, Johnny
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH.
    Oddsson, Kristjan
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH.
    Olin, Hedvig
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH.
    Strand, Leif
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH.
    Wahlgren, Lina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH.
    Wedman, Ingemar
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH.
    Ekblom, Örjan
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH.
    Physical activity for persons with obesity—a health project reported2008In: Forum on Public Policy Online, ISSN 1938-9809, Vol. 4, no SpringArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In public health contexts, increased physical activity habits and fitness (aerobic and strength capacities) are positively related for promoting health and preventing  and treating common diseases/problems, including obesity and overweight. A strongly graded inverse association between physical activity and obesity has been shown both for adults and children. However, a lower mortality risk has been shown for those with greater weight but good aerobic capacity than for those of recommended weight but less fit. On the basis of a health project with physical activity for persons with or without obesity, the paper discusses evidence-based methods for promoting physical activity. General guidelines for the amount of physical activity for persons are described, as are the numerous physiological and medical advantages of physical activity. The economic benefits are also illustrated. The paper exemplifies methods of measuring physical activity habits and physical fitness. These two factors must be observed when showing improvements in public-health contexts, including groups with obesity.

     

  • 257.
    Andersson, Eva
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Knutsson, Anders
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Hagberg, S.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Nilsson, T.
    Sundsvall Hospital.
    Karlsson, B.
    Umeå University.
    Alfredsson, L.
    Karolinska Institute.
    Torén, K.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Incidence of asthma among workers exposed to sulfur dioxide and other irritant gases2006In: European Respiratory Journal, ISSN 0903-1936, E-ISSN 1399-3003, Vol. 27, no 4, 720-725 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to investigate whether repeated peak exposure (gassings) to sulphur dioxide (SO2) and other irritant gases increases the risk of new-onset asthma. A questionnaire was sent to 4,112 sulphite workers, of whom 1,919 completed the questionnaire and 396 completed the short-form questionnaire, which was sent out as a last reminder. A sample of 130 nonrespondents completed a telephone interview using the short-form questionnaire. The incidence of adult-onset, physician-diagnosed asthma during employment duration was analysed in relation to exposure to SO2 and gassings giving rise to respiratory symptoms. Incidence rates, as well as incidence rate ratios with 95% confidence interval (CI), were calculated. Further Cox regression models were used allowing assessment of hazard ratios (HR) stratified for sex and adjusted for atopy, smoking habits and age. The incidence rate for asthma among sulphite mill workers reporting gassings of SO2 was 6.2 out of 1,000 person-yrs, compared with 1.9 out of 1,000 person-yrs among subjects unexposed to SO2 and any gassings (HR (95% CI) 4.0 (2.1-7.7)). Among males reporting gassings to SO2, the HR (95% CI) for asthma was 5.8 (2.6-13) compared with unexposed males. In conclusion, repeated peak exposure to sulphur dioxide increased the incidence of asthma during work in sulphite pulp mills, which supports the hypothesis of irritant-induced asthma.

  • 258. Andersson, Eva
    et al.
    Murgia, Nicola
    Nilsson, Tohr
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sundsvall Hospital, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Berndt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Torén, Kjell
    Incidence of chronic bronchitis in a cohort of pulp mill workers with repeated gassings to sulphur dioxide and other irritant gases2013In: Environmental health, ISSN 1476-069X, Vol. 12, Article Number: 113- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to irritants is associated with chronic bronchitis. The aim of this study was to elucidate whether repeated peak exposures with respiratory symptoms, gassings, to sulphur dioxide (SO2) and other irritant gases could increase the risk of chronic bronchitis.

    METHODS: The study population comprised 3,060 Swedish pulp mill workers (84% males) from a cohort study, who completed a comprehensive questionnaire with items on chronic bronchitis symptoms, smoking habit, occupational history, and specific exposures, including gassings. 2,037 have worked in sulphite mills. Incidence rates and hazard ratios (HRs) for the observation period, 1970-2000, in relation to exposure and the frequency of repeated gassings to SO2 and other irritant gases were calculated.

    RESULTS: The incidence rate for chronic bronchitis among workers with repeated gassings was 3.5/1,000 person-years compared with 1.5/1,000 person-years among unexposed workers (HR 2.1, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.4-3.1). The risk was even higher in the subgroup with frequent gassings (HR 3.2, 95% CI 2.0-5.2), particularly among never-smokers (HR 8.7, 95% CI 3.5-22).

    CONCLUSIONS: Repeated gassings to irritant gases increased the incidence of chronic bronchitis in our study population during and after work in pulp mills, supporting the hypothesis that occupational exposures to irritants negatively affect the airways. These results underscore the importance of preventive actions in this work environment.

  • 259.
    Andersson, Eva
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, The Laboratory of Applied Sports Science (LTIV).
    och medarbetare, se rapport,
    Hälsoprojekt med fysisk aktivitet på Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH - Läsåret 2005/20062007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    SYFTE SAMT KORT BESKRIVNING AV HÄLSOPROJEKTET. Syftet med undersökningen var att i samarbete med hälso- och sjukvården och andra intressenter genomföra ett kostnadsfritt hälsoprojekt med fr.a. ledarledd fysisk aktivitet speciellt för personer med olika folksjukdomar men även friska i varierande åldrar. Sammanlagt 228 personer deltog för första gången i hela hälsoprojektet under en termin, dels hösten 2005 (114 deltagare) och dels våren 2006 (114 andra nya deltagare) med för- och eftertester. Initialt och i slutet av respektive termin utfördes varierande fysiologiska tester rörande kondition, styrka, rörlighet och balans samt GIH:s hälsoenkät om upplevd hälsa och olika levnadsvanor såsom fysisk aktivitet, kost, alkohol, rökning, sömn och tid för rekreation.

    METODER. Deltagarna anmälde sig själva eller via hälso- och/eller sjukvårdspersonal på Stockholms vårdcentraler, psykiatriska mottagningar eller friskvårdsföretag. Utöver de sammanlagt 228 som medverkade i hela projektet var det fler som deltog i endast det initiala testerna och var närvarande till viss del under respektive termin. Således föll vissa deltagare bort under projektperioderna av olika anledningar. I denna rapport sammanställs data endast för dem som fullföljde projektet med deltagande vid såväl för- som eftertester (n=228, varav 46 män och 182 kvinnor). Bland dessa 228 deltagare (medelålder 57 år, 22-88 år) sågs vid det initiala testet att det endast var 5% som var fysiskt aktiva 30 minuter/dag samt att minst 2/3 var överviktiga och 1/3 obesa. Projekten utgjordes primärt av, 2 ggr/vecka, ledarledd fysisk aktivitet såsom stavgång, motionsgymnastik, vattengymnastik, styrketräning i gym samt i motionshall med den egna kroppen som belastning. Många andra typer av fysisk aktivitet/verksamheter utfördes även såsom afrikansk dans, yoga, massage, qigong, klättring, spinning, boxer size etc. I samband med den initiala hälsoenkätundersökningen och utförandet av de fysiologiska testerna genomfördes ett hälsosamtal. Hälsoprojekten utfördes inom undervisningen i regi av GIH-studenter under handledning av lärare/läkare på GIH samt externt.

    RESULTAT. GIH:s HÄLSOENKÄT. Signifikant förbättring sågs för gruppen som helhet (n: 228) vid sluttestet jämfört med initialt under projektperioden för följande enkätparametrar: kroppslig hälsa; själslig hälsa; samtliga upplevelsefrågor kring såväl arbetsliv som fritid; sömn; tid för reflektion; tid för avkoppling; samt socialt nätverk. Särskilt hög signifikans sågs för majoriteten av frågorna kring fysiska aktivitetsvanor. Den enda frågan om fysisk aktivitetsvanor som inte förändrades signifikant för gruppen som helhet var frågan kring kroppslig ansträngningsgrad i det dagliga arbetet. Däremot sågs det dagliga stillasittandet minska signifikant. Spridda signifikanta förbättringar gällande kost noterades. Dessa var val av fettsnåla produkter; grönsaksintag; konsumtion av chips och jordnötter; samt kaffebröd. Ingen signifikant förändring sågs för frågor kring övriga kulturella vanor, regelbundenhet i måltider eller för frukt- och fiberintag. Konsumtion av choklad/godis, glass, läsk/saft samt kaffe, te, alkohol och tobak förändrades inte heller signifikant.

    FYSIOLOGISKA TESTER. Val av olika fysiologiska tester var upp till GIH-studenterna som projektledare att själva välja ut. Därmed är här antalet testade lägre jämfört med dem som fyllde i hälsoenkäten, vilken generellt alla deltagare genomförde. Signifikant förbättring mellan efter- och förtest sågs för konditions och gångtesterna Åstrands cykelergometertest (l/min, 9%, n:74), gångtest (9%, n:89) samt steptest (14%, n:7), men inte för Åstrands test uttryckt i ml/kg x min (7%, n:65). Vid statisk ryggmuskeltest med bålen i horisontalläge utanför en bänk med fixerade ben sågs en signifikant förbättring med 62% för de 53 deltagare som utförde detta test. Av de olika buk- inklusive höftböjarmuskeltesterna, utförda som höftböjningssit-up med böjda ben och stöd, sågs en signifikant förbättring för alla dynamiska och statiska testerna sammantagna (68%, n:64) samt vid bentestet stående med höft- och knäleder i 90 graders vinkel stödjandes bålen mot en vägg (40%, n: 40). Bland styrketester för skuldra-, arm- och handmuskulatur sågs en signifikant förbättring i axelpress, dvs växelvisa sträckningar med en 2- eller 4kg´s hantel från axelhöjd till raka armar upp mot taket maximalt antal gånger, (55%, n:9); vid push-ups, då antalet armhävningar antingen utförda med knäna eller fötterna i golvet räknades, (136%, n:17); samt i gripstyrka höger hand (17%, n:113). En liten förbättring, dock signifikant (knappt 1%), sågs både för uppmätt vikt (n: 169) samt för BMI (n:154) beräknat på denna vikt mellan det initiala och slutliga hälsotestet. Detsamma gällde midje- (2%) och höftmått (1%) samt midje-/höftkvot (knappt 1%) med en signifikant förbättring för män och kvinnor sammantagna (n: minst 34). Ingen signifikant skillnad i uppmätt vilopuls noterades. En signifikant förbättring sågs för rörlighetstesterna stående bålflexion (24%, n:20) och majoriteten av sidböjningstester av bålen (6-12%, n: upp till 37). För det speciellt utformade skulderrörlighetstestet framkom inga klara generella förändringar. Balanstestet stående på ett ben där man registrerade antal nedtramp på en minut visade ingen signifikant förändring mellan för- och eftertest vare sig på höger (n:24) eller vänster ben (n=23).

    SLUTKOMMENTAR. För ledare, hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal samt utövare inom varierande hälso-, idrotts-, arbets- eller rehabiliteringssammanhang kan det vara av vikt att få kunskaper om vilka typer av fysiologiska tester och hälsoenkätfrågor som kan påverkas av hälsoprojekt med ledarledd fysisk aktivitet och andra hälsofrämjande åtgärder. Av speciell vikt är att se om projekt som dessa kan resultera i ökade fysisk aktivitetsvanor och ökad fysisk kapacitet som båda är faktorer positivt korrelerade till en mängd folksjukdomar. I så fall stärks det faktum att liknande hälsofrämjande åtgärder med ledarledd fysisk aktivitet kan bidra till sjukdomsprevention och sjukdomsbehandling.

  • 260.
    Andersson, Eva
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Laboratoriet för tillämpad idrottsvetenskap (LTIV).
    Oddsson, Kristjan
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Laboratoriet för tillämpad idrottsvetenskap (LTIV).
    Nilsson, Johnny
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Laboratoriet för tillämpad idrottsvetenskap (LTIV).
    Ekblom, Örjan
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Björn Ekbloms och Mats Börjessons forskningsgrupp.
    Wahlgren, Lina
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, FoU-gruppen för rörelse, hälsa och miljö.
    Kjellman, Bengt
    Jonsson, Bo
    Taube, Jill
    Improved Physical Capacity in a Project with Guided Physical Activity for Persons with Depression or Anxiety.2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Higher physical capacity is correlated with increased health. Knowledge in this area regarding psychiatric diseases is sparse. 

    Purpose: The aim was to study aerobic and several strength capacities in a physical activity project for persons with depression or anxiety.

    Methods: Eighty-four persons (56 women and 28 men) with depression or anxiety were recruited from psychiatric out-patient clinics in Stockholm. Their mean age and BMI was 46 (21-80) years and 26 (17-41) kg/m2, respectively. 50% were sick-listed. 50% had BMI>25. Aerobic and strength tests were chosen by each subgroup´s project leaders. Directed physical activity was given, in groups 10-15, 1 hour twice/week during 8-12 weeks.

    Results: Significant changes (p<0.05, of all n=84) between pre- and post tests were seen in submaximal cycle test (11% enhanced values, n=56) and distance of 6 minutes walk test (16%, n=15) as well as in strength tests for the back for the back (i.e. time in static horizontal belly-back, 40%, n=44), abdominal and hip flexors (i.e. number of hip flexion sit-ups, 45%, n=38), leg (i.e. standing with 90O in hips and knees, 48%, n=56) and arm with shoulder muscles (i.e. number of raising weights alternately with the arms, 46%, n=32). Hand grip tests, BMI or blood pressure values did not change significantly.

    Conclusions: Directed 8-12 weeks physical activity programs can improve physical fitness in individuals with depression or anxiety.

  • 261.
    Andersson, Eva
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, The Laboratory of Applied Sports Science (LTIV).
    Oddsson, Kristjan
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, The Laboratory of Applied Sports Science (LTIV).
    Nilsson, Johnny
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, The Laboratory of Applied Sports Science (LTIV).
    Ekblom, Örjan
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Björn Ekblom's research group.
    Wahlgren, Lina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, The Research Unit for Movement, Health and Environment.
    Kjellman, Bengt
    Jonsson, Bo
    Taube, Jill
    Improved Physical Capacity in a Project with Guided Physical Activity for Persons with Depression or Anxiety.2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Higher physical capacity is correlated with increased health. Knowledge in this area regarding psychiatric diseases is sparse. 

    Purpose: The aim was to study aerobic and several strength capacities in a physical activity project for persons with depression or anxiety.

    Methods: Eighty-four persons (56 women and 28 men) with depression or anxiety were recruited from psychiatric out-patient clinics in Stockholm. Their mean age and BMI was 46 (21-80) years and 26 (17-41) kg/m2, respectively. 50% were sick-listed. 50% had BMI>25. Aerobic and strength tests were chosen by each subgroup´s project leaders. Directed physical activity was given, in groups 10-15, 1 hour twice/week during 8-12 weeks.

    Results: Significant changes (p<0.05, of all n=84) between pre- and post tests were seen in submaximal cycle test (11% enhanced values, n=56) and distance of 6 minutes walk test (16%, n=15) as well as in strength tests for the back for the back (i.e. time in static horizontal belly-back, 40%, n=44), abdominal and hip flexors (i.e. number of hip flexion sit-ups, 45%, n=38), leg (i.e. standing with 90O in hips and knees, 48%, n=56) and arm with shoulder muscles (i.e. number of raising weights alternately with the arms, 46%, n=32). Hand grip tests, BMI or blood pressure values did not change significantly.

    Conclusions: Directed 8-12 weeks physical activity programs can improve physical fitness in individuals with depression or anxiety.

  • 262. Andersson, Eva
    et al.
    Persson, Bodil
    Bryngelsson, Ing-Liss
    Magnuson, Anders
    Torén, Kjell
    Wingren, Gun
    Westberg, Håkan
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Cohort mortality study of Swedish pulp and paper mill workers-nonmalignant diseases2007In: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, ISSN 0355-3140, Vol. 33, no 6, 470-478 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives The aim of this study was to determine mortality among pulp and paper mill workers according to the main mill pulping process, department, and gender, particular reference being given to diseases of the circulatory and respiratory systems.

    Methods The cohort of 18 163 men and 2 291 women employed between 1939 and 1999 and with >1 year of employment was followed for mortality from 1952 to 2001 (acute myocardial infarction from 1969). Standardized mortality ratios (SMR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were estimated by comparing the observed number of deaths with the expected number for the entire Swedish population. Exposure was assessed from personnel files in the mills. Data from an exposure measurement database are also presented.

    Results There were 5898 deaths in the cohort. Total mortality had an SMR of 1.02 (95% CI 0.98–1.06) for the men in the sulfate mills and an SMR of 0.93 (95% CI 0.90–0.97) for the men in the sulfite mills. Mortality from acute myocardial infarction was increased among the men in both the sulfate and sulfite mills [SMR 1.22 (95% CI 1.12–1.32) and SMR 1.11 (95% CI 1.02–1.21), respectively] and by department in sulfate pulping (SMR 1.29, 95% CI 1.07–1.54), paper production (SMR 1.26, 95% CI 1.06–1.49), and maintenance (SMR 1.16, 95% CI 1.02–1.30). Mortality from cerebrovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, and nonmalignant respiratory diseases was not increased.

    Conclusions Death from acute myocardial infarction, but not cerebrovascular diseases, was increased in this cohort and was probably related to a combination of different occupational exposures (eg, dust, sulfur compounds, shift work, and noise).

  • 263.
    Andersson, Eva
    et al.
    Sahlgrens Univ Hosp, SE-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Westberg, Håkan
    Örebro University Hospital.
    Bryngelsson, Ing-Liss
    Orebro Univ Hosp, Dept Occupat & Environm Med, Orebro, Sweden..
    Magnuson, Anders
    Orebro Univ Hosp, Clin Epidemiol & Biostat Unit, Orebro, Sweden..
    Persson, Bodil
    Linkoping Univ Hosp, Dept Occupat & Environm Med, S-58185 Linkoping, Sweden.;Univ Lund Hosp, Dept Occupat & Environm Med, S-22185 Lund, Sweden..
    Cancer incidence among Swedish pulp and paper mill workers: a cohort study of sulphate and sulphite mills2013In: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, ISSN 0340-0131, E-ISSN 1432-1246, Vol. 86, no 5, 529-540 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Associations between various malignancies and work in the pulp and paper industry have been reported but mostly in analyses of mortality rather than incidence. We aimed to study cancer incidence by main mill pulping process, department and gender in a Swedish cohort of pulp and paper mill workers. The cohort (18,113 males and 2,292 females, enrolled from 1939 to 1999 with > 1 year of employment) was followed up for cancer incidence from 1958 to 2001. Information on the workers' department and employment was obtained from the mills' personnel files, and standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) were calculated using the Swedish population as reference. Overall cancer incidence, in total 2,488 cases, was not increased by work in any department. However, risks of pleural mesothelioma were increased among males employed in sulphate pulping (SIR, 8.38; 95 % CI, 3.37-17) and maintenance (SIR, 6.35; 95 % CI, 3.47-11), with no corresponding increase of lung cancer. Testicular cancer risks were increased among males employed in sulphate pulping (SIR, 4.14; 95 % CI, 1.99-7.61) and sulphite pulping (SIR, 2.59; 95 % CI, 0.95-5.64). Female paper production workers showed increased risk of skin tumours other than malignant melanoma (SIR, 2.92; 95 % CI, 1.18-6.02). Incidence of pleural mesothelioma was increased in the cohort, showing that asbestos exposure still has severe health consequences, and highlighting the exigency of strict asbestos regulations and elimination. Testicular cancer was increased among pulping department workers. Shift work and endocrine disruptors could be of interest in this context.

  • 264.
    Andersson, Ewa
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Health Science.
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Willman, Ania
    Younger people’s experiences of life after having survived an acute myocardial infarction: An interview study2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 265.
    Andersson G, Ulrika
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Jern, Camilla
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    " Det är som att vi bara ska få känna oss delaktiga, men att det bara är på låtsas": En kvalitativ studie om ungdomars syn på sin delaktghet i samhället2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 266.
    Andersson, H. Ingemar
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Biomedicin: viktig grund men också hinder2009In: Andersson, Ingemar & Ejlertsson, Göran (red.). Folkhälsa som tvärvetenskap: möten mellan ämnen, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, 63-85 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 267.
    Andersson, H. Ingemar
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Lund University, Sweden.
    Chronic pain: epidemiological studies in a general population1998Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to study the epidemiology of chronic pain (> 3 months duration) and factors associated to pain prevalence, prognosis, health care and medication in a general population. A cross-sectional mailed survey to a random population sample (n = 1806) was followed by a clinical examination and a prospective study of three selected groups. Pain related diagnoses from primary health care was monitored and compared with pain prevalence. The most important findings were: - a high total prevalence of chronic pain, 55.2%, without gender difference but varying by age and socioeconomic level. About one fourth (12.8%) reported high pain intensity and functional impairments. Women experienced pain at more locations and with higher intensity. - in a multivariate analysis increasing age, female gender, low education, high work strain, depression and insomnia were associated with chronic pain. - widespread pain showed a worse 2- year prognosis compared with neck shoulder pain. - musculoskeletal location of pain dominated, myalgia and myofascial pain being the most common symptom descriptions. - co-morbidity with chronic pain was common. More hypertensives and an increased level of serum uric acid associated to widepread pain indicated possible metabolic connections to pain. - smoking (current and previous) was associated with low-back and widespread pain. - chronic pain had a substantial influence of primary health care-seeking and medication; high pain intensity being the most important predictor of care and medication. - pain related diagnoses in primary health care increased between 1987 and 1996. Chronic pain, mainly with musculoskeletal location, is a community health problem. A multi-factorial approach in prevention and treatment on the basis of present knowledge is necessary.

  • 268.
    Andersson, H. Ingemar
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Epidemiologi: att bestämma folkhälsans innehåll och orsaker2009In: Andersson, Ingemar & Ejlertsson Göran (red.). Folkhälsa som tvärvetenskap: möten mellan ämnen, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, 157-180 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 269.
    Andersson, H. Ingemar
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Increased mortality among individuals with chronic widespread pain relates to lifestyle factors: a prospective population-based study2009In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, 1-8 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. Widespread chronic pain has been related to disability and loss of quality of life, but in a few epidemiological studies also to increased mortality. The aim of this study was to further investigate the relationship between chronic pain, lifestyle factors and all cause mortality. Methods. A random sample of an adult (age 25-74) Swedish population (n = 1609) responded to a comprehensive questionnaire on pain, other symptoms, lifestyle, work and socioeconomic factors in 1988. Mortality data for this cohort between 1988 and 2002 were analysed. Survival analysis (Kaplan-Meier) and Cox proportional regression were used to study initially reported factors influencing survival. Results. Individuals with widespread chronic pain showed an increased mortality risk (hazard ratio, HR = 1.95, CI: 1.26-3.03) compared to the group without chronic pain. Death due to cardiovascular disease accounted for the increased mortality. Adjustment for lifestyle factors eliminated the excess risk. Conclusions. Increased mortality among individuals with widespread chronic pain is related to factors like smoking, sleep disturbances and low physical activity. The result emphasises the importance of including lifestyle factors in a cognitive-behavioural rehabilitation process. It remains to be shown whether health promotion activities aimed at lifestyle could change mortality among individuals with chronic pain.

  • 270.
    Andersson, H. Ingemar
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    The course of non-malignant chronic pain: a 12-year follow-up of a cohort from the general population2004In: European Journal of Pain, ISSN 1090-3801, E-ISSN 1532-2149, Vol. 8, no 1, 47-53 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The high prevalence of chronic pain (duration >3 months) reported from different populations indicates a public health problem. Knowledge of the long-term course of chronic non-malignant pain is incomplete and scarce.This paper describes a follow-up of a cohort recruited from a survey in the general population. The cohort (n=214) consisted initially of individuals with widespread or located (neck-shoulder) pain or without chronic pain. The individuals were initially examined and replied to questionnaires on pain, social factors, lifestyle, medication and health care after two and 12 years. The deaths during the period were obtained from the population register. Complete data exist for 77% of the eligible individuals.After 12 years one-third of the individuals initially without pain reported chronic pain, and among those with initial chronic pain 85% still reported chronic pain. The number of painful areas was the strongest predictor of chronic pain 12 years later (OR 15.8; >3 locations vs. 0) whereas a social factor (having a close friend) decreased the risk (OR 0.44). The onset of chronic pain during the same period was related to the physical workload (work with bent positions; OR 5.31; yes vs. no). Mortality was significantly higher in the group initially reporting widespread pain compared with the other groups. The chronicity of widespread chronic pain supports early and intense intervention among individuals with located pain. The association between chronic widespread pain and increased mortality needs further investigation but may deepen the view of chronic pain as a public health problem.

  • 271.
    Andersson, H. Ingemar
    Department of Community Medicine, Lund University, Sweden.
    The epidemiology of chronic pain in a Swedish rural area.1994In: Quality of Life Research, 1994 3(Suppl. 1), 1994, Vol. 3 Suppl 1, S19-S26 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to establish basic epidemiological data on chronic pain (duration > 3 months) in a rural population, a survey of pain symptoms was conducted by means of a postal questionnaire. The questionnaire was sent to a random sample (from the population register) of 15% of the population aged 25-74 (n = 1806) in two Swedish primary health care districts. The response rate was 90%. In a follow-up study individuals selected among the responders (neck-shoulder pain, widespread pain and controls without pain; n = 213) were examined and interviewed. They were requestioned about pain symptoms 24 months after the initial survey. Without sex differences 55% of the population had perceived persistent pain for 3 months and 49% for 6 months. Women experienced more multiple localizations of pain and had pain in neck, shoulder, arm and thigh to a greater extent than men. Prevalence of pain increased by age up to 50-59 years for both genders and then slowly decreased. The neck-shoulder area was the most common site of pain (women 32.9%, men 27.5%). Blue-collar workers and employers (including farmers) reported chronic pain to a greater extent than other groups. In 13% of the population, manifest pain problems were associated with reduced functional capacity. Examination of selected pain groups indicated a high proportion of unspecific musculoskeletal symptoms. Diagnosis with definite definitions, explaining the pains, were found in 40% of the individuals. Individuals with widespread pain had a higher pain intensity, more somatic symptoms, were more depressive and had the lowest scores for quality of life.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  • 272.
    Andersson, H. Ingemar
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Folkhälsovetenskap: perspektiv och framtid2009In: Folkhälsa som tvärvetenskap: möten mellan ämnen / [ed] Andersson, Ingemar & Ejlertsson, Göran, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, 367-375 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 273.
    Andersson, H. Ingemar
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Salutogenetic and pathogenetic factors of equal importance to predict mortality in a Swedish general population2008In: European Journal of Public Health, 18(Suppl. 1), 2008, Vol. 18, no Suppl. 1, 193-194 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Social support and physical exercise seem to be salutogenetic factors of importance for longterm survival to balance traditional risk factors such as smoking and defined diseases. The results support health promotion initiatives focused on salutogenetic factors and not only prevention in relation to traditional risk factors and diseases.

  • 274.
    Andersson, H. Ingemar
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Sleep disturbances predict long-term mortality in men: a prospective Swedish study2007In: European Journal of Public Health, 17(Suppl. 2), 2007, Vol. 17, no Suppl. 2, 225- p.Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 275.
    Andersson, H. Ingemar
    et al.
    Department of Community Medicine, Lund University, Sweden.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Kristianstad College of Health Professions.
    Leden, Ido
    Department of Medicine, Rheumatology Section, Central Hospital, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Widespread musculoskeletal chronic pain associated with smoking: an epidemiological study in a general rural population1998In: Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 0036-5505, Vol. 30, no 3, 185-191 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Data on smoking and pain symptoms from a random sample (n = 1806) of a general population were used to evaluate the association between chronic pain at various locations and smoking. In both genders current smoking was associated with reports of increased pain in low back, neck and with multiple locations. In a multiple logistic regression analysis current smoking was associated with an increase in widespread chronic musculoskeletal pain (OR 1.60, CI 1.04-2.46, in relation to non-smokers) and chronic low back pain (OR 1.58, CI 1.13-2.20, in relation to non-smokers). A dose-response relationship was found between the daily cigarette consumption and the prevalence of chronic low back pain. Smoking is associated not only with low back pain but also with chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain. No conclusive decrease in pain prevalence was found after quitting smoking. Further studies are necessary to elucidate an aetiologic relationship between smoking and chronic pain.

  • 276.
    Andersson, H. Ingemar
    et al.
    Department of Community Health Medicine, Lund University, Sweden.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Kristianstad College for Health Professions.
    Leden, Ido
    Department of Medicine, Central Hospital, Kristianstad.
    Rosenberg, Claes
    Simrishamn Health Care Centre.
    Characteristics of subjects with chronic pain, in relation to local and widespread pain report: a prospective study of symptoms, clinical findings and blood tests in subgroups of a geographically defined population1996In: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology, ISSN 0300-9742, Vol. 25, no 3, 146-154 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The relation between reported chronic pain and clinical findings was studied by comparing survey data six months before and eighteen months after a clinical examination. Studied individuals (n = 165) were randomly selected from subsamples of an initial survey (n = 1806) to a general population. Among individuals reporting chronic pain 85% were assessed to have chronic pain at the examination. Diagnoses were found in 22% of examined pain individuals. Myofascial pain syndrome and myalgia were the most common findings. Compared with located neck-shoulder pain, widespread pain had a greater impact on the individual, a worse prognosis regarding pain duration and working capacity, and revealed a raised serum urate level of unclear significance. Although no specific cause of pain is found in individuals with widespread pain it is important to identify and treat this group due to the great effects on functional capacity and the worse prognosis.

  • 277.
    Andersson, H. Ingemar
    et al.
    Department of Community Medicine, Lund University, Sweden.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Leden, Ido
    Department of Medicine, Rheumatology section, Central Hospital, Kristianstad.
    Rosenberg, Claes
    Simrishamn Health Care Centre.
    Chronic pain in a geographically defined general population: studies of differences in age, gender, social class, and pain localization.1993In: The Clinical Journal of Pain, ISSN 0749-8047, E-ISSN 1536-5409, Vol. 9, no 3, 174-182 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To establish basic epidemiological data on chronic pain (duration > 3 months) in a defined population. Relationships between age, gender, and social class were tested. DESIGN: A survey of pain symptoms, including location, intensity, duration, and functional capacity, was conducted by means of a mail questionnaire. SETTING: General populations in two Swedish primary health care districts. Medical care was provided in a state health system. SUBJECTS: A random sample (from the population register) of 15% of the population aged 25-74 (n = 1,806). The response rate was 90%. OUTCOME MEASURES: Descriptive epidemiologic data in relation to objectives of the study. RESULTS: Without sex differences, 55% (95% confidence interval, 53-58%) of the population had perceived persistent pain for 3 months and 49% for 6 months. Among individuals with chronic pain, 90% localized their pain to the musculoskeletal system to a variable extent. Women experienced more multiple localizations of pain and had pain in the neck, shoulder, arm, and thigh to a greater extent than men. Prevalence of pain increased by age up to 50-59 years for both genders and then slowly decreased. The neck-shoulder area was the most common site of pain (30.2%), followed by the lower back (23.2%). Even in the youngest age groups more than one of four reported chronic pain. Blue-collar workers and employers (including farmers) reported chronic pain to a greater extent than other groups. In 13% of the population, manifest pain problems were associated with reduced functional capacity. CONCLUSION: Chronic pain symptoms are common but unevenly distributed in a general population. The results may influence planning and consultation in primary health care as well as warranting selective prevention activities.

  • 278.
    Andersson, H. Ingemar
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Nilsson, P.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Bringsén, Åsa
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Positive work experience factors relate to salutogenic health-a survey among Swedish hospital employees2012In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 22, no Suppl. 2, 156-156 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 279.
    Andersson, Hanna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Ohlsson, Elin
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Hälsofrämjande åtgärder på arbetsplatser-: Enkätstudie bland stora och medelstora företag i Halmstad kommun2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how enterprises in Halmstad municipality, Sweden, worked with health promotion. A survey, in the form of a questionnaire was performed on large- and medium-sized enterprises in Halmstad. The respondents can be described as staff responsible for health promotion and work environmental issues. The results show that of 34 companies, 31 offer health promotion benefits, 23 actively work on improving the work environment by introducing ergonomic measures and 21 works with health services. The analysis indicates that by having these benefits and services in place, the absence due to sickness decreases while the employee’s health status increases. However, the study also found that there were difficulties in promoting health in these enterprises; mainly lack of time, economy and lack of motivation among employees. To further improve health promotion in work places we recommend educating responsible staff in particular and employees in general.

  • 280.
    Andersson, Helena
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Äldre motionärers upplevelser av motionsträning: en beskrivande intervjuundersökning2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Older people's experiences of exercise training: a survey based on a descriptive design.

    Course: Public Health: Theory and method of application and degree, 30 credits. University of Gävle, health education program.

    Author: Helena Andersson

    Purpose: According to earlier research the western population is aging. This may affect, the older peoples`s physical disability in one form or another. The consequences may be that the need off care can increase. However elderly can prevent a variety of age-related diseases by being physically active. The study will examine how older people view physical activity and participation of other social activities. This is to improve understanding of older people's health and what can be done in the future.

    Method: The study was conducted using a qualitative approach, in which four semi-structured interviews were conducted with older adults who exercise regularly. The interviews were based on a thematic interview guide with specific themes that gave informants space to talk freely about the issues raised. The sample consisted of three women and one man where the youngest was 63 and the oldest 74 years old.

    Results: Exercise was the highest priority of this group of people. It was in the connection with social interaction that the exercise became complete according to the informants. The place for exercise was found to be important; to train with others, seemed to generate joy, power, energy and motivation. This meant that all informants were rarely sick, which also was something that was pointed out. They exercise to obtain more healthy years.

  • 281.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Ljungberg, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors förutsättningar att handleda studenter2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nurses conditions when preceptoring students

    Preceptoring student-nurses is a field that concerns all clinical registered nurses. This field has been an obvious task for nurses but not been visible and acknowledged. The aim of this study is to explore what conditions nurses percept they need to precept student in clinical settings.

    Method used is a systematic literature study where 11 scientific articles been critically reviewed and analysed.

    The study identified three main categories to be important conditions for nurses when preceptoring students. They are about:

    • cooperation
    • knowledge and competence
    • organizational conditions and resource requirement

    To these categories occur a number of sub-categories. They deal with the need of cooperation between university, clinical setting, preceptor and student. Education and preparation of the preceptor is necessary to increase the knowledge of methods when preceptoring. The preceptors' motivation and level of interest in preceptoring is important. To obtain a good quality on preceptorship- the nurse need to be educated, get knowledge about preceptor strategies, get support and time for reflection. They also need feedback and rewards. The workload for the nurse need to be adjusted when preceptoring students so it can take the time needed.

  • 282.
    Andersson, Ida
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Eskesjö, Jimmy
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Motivation för motionsidrott: äldre tonårsflickors beskrivning av motionsidrott2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It emerges in the background of the study that club sports are an important player that has the resources to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary population. To avoid low physical activity and defections in club sports requires that the individual feels motivated to participate in sports. The aim of the study was to investigate motivational aspects of older teenage girls participating in exercise activities in sports clubs. A qualitative study was used as a method in the study, with a strategic choice that resulted in team sports by teenage girls who exercise sports. The material was analyzed through a qualitative content analysis where keywords were sorted out and categories formed. The results showed that several aspects are important for teenage girls' motivation for physical exercise: the love of sport, health aspects, to be part of the team, ambient impact, conditions and confirmation. Self-determination and togetherness proved to be important components for creating motivation and should, on the basis of the conclusion, play a vital role in the discussions about how the club sports could be organised in order to increase interest in participating in sports clubs.

  • 283.
    Andersson, Ingemar
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Epidemiologi för hälsovetare: en introduktion2006Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken ger en grundläggande beskrivning av arbetssätt, teorier och metoder inom epidemiologin. Med utgångspunkt i rubrikerna Beskriva, Analysera och Åtgärda förklaras begrepp och analysmetoder, olika typer av studier samt hur epidemiologin kan användas i hälsofrämjande syfte. Statistiska metoder, felkällor samt etiska frågeställningar relaterade till området behandlas och exempel på hur kunskapsområdet kan tillämpas på bland annat livsstilsfaktorer, infektioner och genetik presenteras. Författaren introducerar läsaren i ämnet epidemiologi på ett enkelt och tydligt sätt, bland annat med hjälp av konkreta exempel på arbetssätt och analysmöjligheter. Flera kapitel avslutas med studieuppgifter. Epidemiologi för hälsovetare vänder sig i första hand till universitets- och högskolestuderande inom vård- och folkhälsoområdet, det vill säga till blivande folkhälsovetare, sjuksköterskor, sjukgymnaster, socialarbetare och arbetsterapeuter, men även som introduktion under läkarutbildningen och till yrkesverksamma inom dessa områden. Till boken finns en webbplats med ett stort antal interaktiva övningar, faktafrågor, beräkningsuppgifter, simuleringar och länkar. Detta kompletterande material är ett bra stöd som gör det enkelt och roligt att ta till sig viktig kunskap.

  • 284.
    Andersson, Ingemar
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och Folkhälsovetenskap.
    Epidemiologi för hälsovetare: en introduktion2016 (ed. 2)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den andra upplagan av Epidemiologi för hälsovetare har aktualiserats och uppdaterats i alla delar. Flera nya delar som relaterar till utvecklingen inom epidemiologin har också tillkommit.

    Boken ger en grundläggande beskrivning av arbetssätt, teorier och metoder inom epidemiologin. Med utgångspunkt i rubrikerna Beskriva, Analysera och Åtgärda förklaras begrepp och analysmetoder, olika typer av studier samt hur epidemiologin kan användas i hälsofrämjande syfte. Statistiska metoder, felkällor samt etiska frågeställningar relaterade till området behandlas och exempel ges på praktiska tillämpningar inom flera områden. Nytt i den här upplagan är bl.a. avsnitt om kvalitetsregister, epigenetik, livsförloppsepidemiologi samt evidensbaserad medicin liksom ett kapitel om socialepidemiologi. Författaren introducerar läsaren i ämnet epidemiologi på ett enkelt och tydligt sätt, bland annat med hjälp av konkreta exempel på arbetssätt och analysmöjligheter. Bokkapitlen avslutas i den nya upplagan med ett ökat antal studieuppgifter med tillhörande facit.

    Epidemiologi för hälsovetare vänder sig i första hand till universitets- och högskolestuderande inom vård- och folkhälsoområdet, det vill säga till blivande folkhälsovetare, sjuksköterskor, sjukgymnaster, farmaceuter, socialarbetare och arbetsterapeuter, men även som introduktion under läkarutbildningen och till yrkesverksamma inom dessa områden.

  • 285.
    Andersson, Ingemar
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Epidemiologi för vård- och hälsovetenskaperna: en fördjupning2013Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Epidemiologi för vård- och hälsovetenskaperna är avsedd som en fördjupning i epidemiologi för dem som tillägnat sig grunderna. Den vänder sig främst till universitets- och högskolestuderande inom vård- och hälsoområdet, d.v.s. till blivande folkhälsovetare, sjuksköterskor, läkare, apotekare, sjukgymnaster, socialarbetare och arbetsterapeuter. Den är också användbar för yrkesverksamma inom samma områden samt i forskningsmetodiska utbildningar.

  • 286.
    Andersson, Ingemar
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Ejlertsson, GöranKristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Folkhälsa som tvärvetenskap: möten mellan ämnen2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Folkhälsovetenskap är ett förhållandevis ungt ämne. Det har vuxit fram i samklang med en rad andra discipliner och behandlar olika aspekter av betydelse för befolkningens hälsa. Från att ha varit nästan obefintlig har folkhälsovetenskapen under några få decennier utvecklats till vad den är idag.

    Den här boken visar vilka relationer som finns mellan folkhälsovetenskap och andra ämnen. Med folkhälsovetenskap som bas görs i bokens olika kapitel kopplingar till biomedicin, vård- och omvårdnadsvetenskap, sociologi, statistik, epidemiologi, politik, psykologi, pedagogik, kultur, arbetsvetenskap, arbets- och miljömedicin, ekonomi och etik. Även en del definitioner tas upp, liksom en redovisning av folkhälsovetenskapens utveckling och möjliga framtid.

    Boken är skriven av specialister inom de respektive ämnena, som dessutom har bred kunskap inom folkhälsovetenskap. Till boken finns en webbplats med länkar och kompletteringar.

    Folkhälsa som tvärvetenskap är främst avsedd som en fördjupning i folkhälsovetenskap för dem som redan tillägnat sig grunderna. Den kan användas såväl i rent folkhälsovetenskapliga utbildningar som i andra utbildningar där hälsan är av betydelse. Blivande och färdiga folkhälsovetare, folkhälsopedagoger, sjuksköterskor, läkare, sjukgymnaster, arbetsterapeuter, lärare, samhällsvetare m.fl. bör i boken finna stimulans och kunskap som kan omsättas i praktiskt arbete för folkhälsan.

  • 287.
    Andersson, Irene
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Werle, Frida
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    En kvalitativ analys av jämställdhetsplaner i offentlig verksamhet: - Vad säger de egentligen?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background People who are discriminated have an increased risk for poor mental and physical health. The discrimination law regulates discrimination, and in it it's written that gender is one of the discrimination foundations. A gender equal society makes gender differences in life expectancy smaller, and there are more self reported health inconveniences in countries who are not gender equal. Sweden's labour market is characterized by gender segregation, and there's a correlation between gender segregation at work and illness for both genders. In the discrimination law it's written that every workplace with at least 25 employees are obligated to have a plan for gender equality.

    Aim The aim is to describe plans of gender equality of workplaces in the public area with a base in the Swedish discrimination law

    Method The plans for gender equality have been analysed with deductive qualitative content analyzis. Six plans from different employers in the public area have been collected in a medium big municipality in Sweden.

    Result Most of the plans follow the directions in the discrimination law. Employees shall be able to combine family life with working life and no one should be harassed because of gender. No one should be discriminated in the process of job seeking, but some affirmative action can occur if one of the genders are underrepresented. There should be no irrelevant salary differences.

    Discussion There may be other policy documents which regulate the gender equality work at some of the workplaces, and therefore there could be some missing parts in the plans. Social support and group identification are factors of protection against discrimination, and should be given more space in the plans. Affirmative actions can be discrimination of the gender who is not prioritized and this could be solved with an elimination of the society based gender roles. In order for gender equality to have a positive effect on public health, men should adopt traditional female roles.

  • 288.
    Andersson, Izabelle
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Är Instagram en pådrivande faktor till utvecklande av Ortorexi?: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys om hur flödet av bilder på Instagram påverkar unga kvinnors kroppsuppfattning, fysiska aktivitet och matvanor i relation till fenomenet ortorexi.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore if young women aged 18-20 years experienced that Instagram affected their body image, their physical activity and their eating habits in relation to the phenomenon orthorexia. The method for the study was a qualitative content analysis based on semi-structured interviews with four young women with the age of 18-20 years old. The results showed that Instagram affected young women's body image, their physical activity and their eating habits. Primarily body image and physical activity were most affected, eating habits were less affected. The results showed that there were both a positive and a negative impact, but by far a negative impact. Respondents experienced feelings like anxiety and guilt when, for example, a training session did not go as planned or after they had eaten an unhealthy meal. Their mindset and emotions that came forward in the results were partly linked to the phenomenon of orthorexia. The young women were adversely affected by the pictures and videos on Instagram and also by other social media. They exposed themselves to develop mental and physical ill health. Society should consider prioritizing the young women to prevent them from falling into the mindset that is similar to the phenomenon of orthorexia. 

  • 289. Andersson, J E
    et al.
    Hansson, T
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Invagination och salmonellos - epidemiologiska synpunkter: [Invagination and salmonella--epidemiological viewpoints].1978In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 75, no 32-33, 2797Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 290.
    Andersson, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Att arbeta som jourtjej: krav och rekrytering2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 291.
    Andersson, Johanna
    et al.
    Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Axelsson, Runo
    Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Bihari Axelsson, Susanna
    Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Eriksson, Andrea
    Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Åhgren, Bengt
    Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Samverkan inom arbetslivsinriktad rehabilitering: En sammanställning av kunskaper och erfarenheter inom området2010Report (Other academic)
  • 292.
    Andersson, Johanna
    et al.
    Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Axelsson, Runo
    Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Bihari Axelsson, Susanna
    Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Eriksson, Andrea
    Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Åhgren, Bengt
    Nordic School of Public Health.
    Samverkan inom arbetslivsinriktad rehabilitering: En sammanställning av kunskaper och erfarenheter inom området2010Report (Other academic)
  • 293.
    Andersson, Johanna
    et al.
    Nordic School of Public Health.
    Åhgren, Bengt
    Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Bihari Axelsson, Susanna
    Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Eriksson, Andrea
    Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Axelsson, Runo
    Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Organizational approaches to collaboration in vocational rehabilitation: An international literature review2011In: International Journal of Integrated Care, ISSN 1568-4156, Vol. 11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Collaboration between welfare organizations is an important strategy for integrating different health and welfare services. This article reports a review of the international literature on vocational rehabilitation, focusing on different organizational models of collaboration as well as different barriers and facilitating factors.

    Methods: The review was based on an extensive search in scientific journals from 1995 to 2010, which generated more than 13,000 articles. The number of articles was reduced in different steps through a group procedure based on the abstracts. Finally, 205 articles were read in full text and 62 were included for content analysis.

    Results: Seven basic models of collaboration were identified in the literature. They had different degrees of complexity, intensity and formalization. They could also be combined in different ways. Several barriers and facilitators of collaboration were also identified. Most of these were related to factors as communication, trust and commitment.

    Conclusion: There is no optimal model of collaboration to be applied everywhere, but one model could be more appropriate than others in a certain context. More research is needed to compare different models and to see whether they are applicable also in other fields of collaboration inside or outside the welfare system.

  • 294. Andersson, Johnny
    et al.
    Eriksson, Charli
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Järliden, Eva
    Från hälsoprojekt till partnerskap för hållbar välfärdsutveckling2010In: Partnerskap för hållbar välfärdsutveckling: utveckling och forskning under sex år i fyra städer / [ed] Charli Eriksson, Eva Järliden, Annika Larsson, Solveig Sandberg, Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2010, 3-11 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 295. Andersson, K.
    et al.
    Bakke, J. V.
    Björseth, O.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Clausen, G.
    Hongslo, J. K.
    Kjellman, M.
    Kjärgaard, S.
    Levy, F.
    Mölhave, L.
    Skerfving, S.
    Sundell, J.
    TVOC and health in non-industrial indoor environments. Report from a Nordic scientific consensus meeting at Långholmen in Stockholm1997In: Indoor Air 1997;7:78-91Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 296.
    Andersson, Karin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Arbetsrelaterad stress och dess inverkan på möjligheten till att vara fysiskt aktiv, hos ett urval av grundskolelärare: Intervjuundersökning2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 297.
    Andersson Karlsson, Barbro
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Golf – mer än en idrott: En kvalitativ studie om kvinnor 65+ och deras upplevelse av att spela golf2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Andelen äldre ökar och allt fler blir äldre äldre. Kvinnor lever längre än män. Fysisk aktivitet bidrar till att vara oberoende långt upp i hög ålder och ett friskare liv. Inom golfidrotten har andelen äldre kvinnor ökat och det föranleder denna studie. Syfte: Belysa vad golfen betyder för kvinnor 65+ och äldre utifrån ett hälsofrämjande perspektiv och hur golf påverkar deras livskvalitet. Metod: Studiens design explorativ med kvalitativ ansats. Nio kvinnor över 65 år träffades i två fokusgrupper vid tre tillfällen. Kvalitativ innehållsanalys har använts som analysmetod. Resultat: Kvinnorna upplevde att golfen betyder mycket för dem, fysiskt, psykiskt och socialt, men den gav även upplevelser i form av resor, natur och en bra livskvalitet. Golfens handikappsystem ger möjlighet att spela och tävla med andra oavsett nivå och därmed få utmaningar. Med hjälp av golfbil och el- drivna golfvagnar finns det möjlighet att spela trots fysiska funktionsnedsättningar. Som 65-plussare upplevde de att det var mer av det sociala än resultatet på banan som räknas även om de alltid vill göra sitt bästa.

  • 298.
    Andersson, Kim
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Hiv - En förstummande sjukdom?: socionomstudenters och socialsekreterares attityder till hiv-positiva2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine social workers' and social work students' attitudes towards people living with hiv in Sweden. I will also examine if there is a connection between knowledge and attitudes. The questions at issue are how social workers' and social work students' attitudes can assume to influence on their professional practice and what causes can affect their attitudes towards people living with hiv. The study is based on a qualitative method. The methods have been: conversational interviews with five social workers, who work with family issues and integration, and a focused group interview with four social work students. Both forms of interviews were combined with the vignette method. The theoretical framework of this study is symbolic interactionism.

    The result of the study indicates that both the social work students and the social workers lack adequate knowledge about hiv, however, the respondents are capable of reflecting and are able to put themselves into others' situations and therefore they will not discriminate their clients because of their disease. Results of the study also indicate that there is a great ambiguity among all of the respondents because of the lack of knowledge and adequate education.

  • 299.
    Andersson, Lena
    et al.
    The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden & Nordic School of Public Health, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Staland Nyman, Carin
    The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Krantz, Gunilla
    The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Associations between general self efficacy, barriers to care and self-reported mental illness—a population-based study2010In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 20, no Suppl. 1, 69-69 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Mental illness is an increasing health problem globally. However, many individuals do not seek health care although evidence-based care is available. Research has shown that self efficacy is associated with various health outcomes and it is of importance to investigate if it also is associated mental illness. Early detection promotes recovery and decreases suicide risk.

    Aim

    The aim of this study is to investigate whether low levels of self efficacy is associated with a higher degree of mental illness and whether level of self-efficacy influence health seeking behaviour.

    Methods

    This is a cross-sectional study based on data from the Health Assets study, with data collected in 2008 in West Sweden. The study population is a randomly selected population sample of 4027 individuals, aged 18–65 years. Data collection was done by a postal questionnaire and the response rate was 50.4%. Bi-and multivariate analyses were employed to investigate associations and results were stratified on sex, age, civil status, education and social support.

    Results

    A total number of 1361 (36%) out of 3811 individuals answered ‘Yes’ on the question ‘Have you ever felt so mentally ill that you had (felt a need) to seek care’. A total of 33% of the women answering yes were found in the lowest quartile of the general self efficacy scale, 20% in the highest quartile. Corresponding figures for men were 30 and 23% respectively. The most common reason stated for not seeking health care was a belief that the mental health problem would disappear by itself. Others reasons mentioned were beliefs that health care would not help, they did not know were to go or they felt ashamed for showing others they suffered from mental illness.

    Conclusion

    Mental illness is a serious health problem and access to care needs to be improved. Health promotion should also include individual traits/characteristics such as self efficacy and health-seeking behaviour.

  • 300.
    Andersson, Lena
    et al.
    The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Department of Social Medicine, PO Box 453, SE-405 30 Göteborg, Sweden.
    Staland Nyman, Carin
    The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Department of Social Medicine, PO Box 453, SE-405 30 Göteborg, Sweden.
    Spak, Fredrik
    The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Department of Social Medicine, PO Box 453, SE-405 30 Göteborg, Sweden.
    Hensing, Gunnel
    The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Department of Social Medicine, PO Box 453, SE-405 30 Göteborg, Sweden.
    High incidence of disability pension with a psychiatric diagnosis in western Sweden. A population-based study from 1980 to 19982006In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 26, no 4, 343-353 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Regional differences in Sweden in the prevalence of disability pension with a psychiatric diagnosis are unexplained, in spite of the significant impact on the population's health, rehabilitation systems, and the health care system. The purpose of this study was to describe the pattern of disability pensions with a psychiatric diagnosis and to analyze the impact of age and gender. We examined the incidencerates in one urban and one semi-rural region and compared these to national rates. The study sample was drawn from employed persons between 16-64 years of age who, because of their sickness insurance coverage, would be eligible to access disability pensions should it be necessary. Analysis of annual incidences and standardized morbidity ratios were made for 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, and 1998. Data ondisability pension cases were collected from the National Social Insurance registers. In the urban region we found that the proportion of men and women clearly outnumbered the national average: approximately twice the number of persons between 16-64 years of age with apsychiatric diagnosis were receiving a disability pension. In the semi-rural region there were fewer men overall on disability pensionswith psychiatric disorders, but in 1980, 1985, and 1995 women clearly outnumbered men. Access to psychiatric care, unemployment, alcohol dependence, and previous sickness absence are suggested as possible factors that might affect the rates of disability pension in different geographical settings. © 2006 IOS Press. All rights reserved.

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