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  • 1.
    Nilsson, Kristina L
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, and Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    18. Spatial Planning and Management2012In: Rural Development and Land Use / [ed] Lars Rydén and Ingrid Karlsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, p. 205-227Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    ehsa 3-18
  • 2.
    Johansson, Nils
    Gotland University, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    25 år senare: en nyinventering av keramiken på Ajvide2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines a sample of Pitted Ware pottery from the Gotlandic site of Ajvide in regard to the spatial and temporal relationship of the shards. Ajvide Stone Age site have been extensively excavated over the past 25 years and the most recent analysis of pottery was carried out by Inger Österholm in 1987 and new analyses of the material are therefore greatly needed. Pottery from three sample areas was analysed in regard to their distribution, decoration, fragmentation, part of pot and quality of the goods. To analyse the material in a contextual way a multivariate statistical analysis called correspondence analysis was used. Two areas denominated “dark areas”, which Österholm defined previously, as possible ritual sites, and one reference area with mixed material were chosen for the analysis. By including two of these “dark areas” the study also examine if similarities or differences could be seen among the shard distribution how these areas have been defined and possibly re-defined.

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    25 år senare, en nyinventering av keramiken på Ajvide
  • 3. Kitzler Åhfeldt, Laila
    3D scanning of Gotland picture stones with supplementary material: digital catalogue of 3D data2013In: Journal of Nordic archaeological science, ISSN 1650-1519, Vol. 18, p. 55-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Gotland picture stones (dated to c. 400–1100 AD) are among the most spectacular and informative artefacts from the Iron Age and Viking Age to have been discovered in Sweden. The main aim of this paper is to make digital 3D documentation of the Gotland picture stones publicly available for analysis of their motifs, runic inscriptions and weathering processes. The data were collected within the project 3D scanning of the Gotland Picture Stones: Workshops, Iconography and Dating (2006–2008), which includes analyses of these stones by means of a high resolution optical 3D scanner. The aim of the project is to clarify certain basic facts concerning the cutting technique, work organization and surrounding circumstances, iconography and dating. Four main issues are identifed: workshops, iconographical interpretations, dating, and finally, documentation and enhanced interpretation of weathered and in places vandalised picture stones. The following report provides a short summary of the main results. The 3D data are provided in STL files that serve as supplementary material to this paper. They are available on the website of the Swedish National Heritage Board: http://3ddata.raa.se

  • 4. Rausing, Gad
    A comment on Beowulf: gutarnas nationalepos by Tore Gannholm1995In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, no 1, p. 50-53Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 5.
    Levendal, Tegan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Geophysics.
    A geophysical investigation of carbonate build-ups in the Baltic Basin using reflection seismic and well data2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During the Late Ordovician, the region around Gotland was part of a shallow epicratonic basin in the southern subtropics. Low latitudes, relatively warm sea temperatures and the presence of a shallow marine environment promoted algae to flourish and diverse carbonate build-ups such as carbonate mounds and reefs developed on the southern margin of Baltica. Locations where these build-ups can be found today include the Palaeozoic sequence beneath the island of Gotland, Sweden and surrounding areas offshore Gotland. Ordovician mud mounds on Gotland were exploited for their hydrocarbon potential during the 1970’s and 1980’s, with large amounts of seismic and well data being acquired by the oil company Oljeprospecketering AB (OPAB). In recent years this largely unpublished dataset has become available for research purposes. Furthermore, the islands of Gotland and Öland have been the target of helicopter-borne electromagnetic investigations conducted by the Geological Survey of Sweden (SGU) (SkyTEM and VLF). Moreover, new seismic reflection data acquired on a research vessel during 2017 complement the OPAB data over certain areas. In published scientific literature, carbonate mounds and reefs have mainly been identified based on outcrops, cuttings samples, cores and wireline logs. Therefore, the extensive seismic and well dataset used in this study provides an opportunity to showcase how large amounts of vintage data can be utilised to generate regional scale attribute maps which can describe geological systems.

    In this thesis, the combination of historic seismic and well data, helicopter-borne resistivity data and newly acquired marine seismic data is utilised firstly, to investigate the geometry, distribution and reservoir characteristics of carbonate build-up structures in the Gotland area. Secondly, we generate detailed depth and thickness maps of the Ordovician formation in the subsurface of Gotland based on the seismic data. Thirdly, a detailed interpretation of a 3D seismic dataset acquired over a mound structure on Gotland and a scoping assessment of the potential to utilize these mud mounds for subsurface compressed air energy storage (CAES) is performed. Finally, an automating refraction velocity analysis in the marine seismic data is used to generate a basement velocity map over a large portion of the Swedish sector of the Baltic Sea. 

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  • 6. Thureborn, P.
    et al.
    Lundin, Daniel
    KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Gene Technology. KTH, Centres, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Plathan, J.
    Poole, A. M.
    Sjöberg, B. -M
    Sjöling, S.
    A Metagenomics Transect into the Deepest Point of the Baltic Sea Reveals Clear Stratification of Microbial Functional Capacities2013In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 9, p. e74983-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Baltic Sea is characterized by hyposaline surface waters, hypoxic and anoxic deep waters and sediments. These conditions, which in turn lead to a steep oxygen gradient, are particularly evident at Landsort Deep in the Baltic Proper. Given these substantial differences in environmental parameters at Landsort Deep, we performed a metagenomic census spanning surface to sediment to establish whether the microbial communities at this site are as stratified as the physical environment. We report strong stratification across a depth transect for both functional capacity and taxonomic affiliation, with functional capacity corresponding most closely to key environmental parameters of oxygen, salinity and temperature. We report similarities in functional capacity between the hypoxic community and hadal zone communities, underscoring the substantial degree of eutrophication in the Baltic Proper. Reconstruction of the nitrogen cycle at Landsort deep shows potential for syntrophy between archaeal ammonium oxidizers and bacterial denitrification at anoxic depths, while anaerobic ammonium oxidation genes are absent, despite substantial ammonium levels below the chemocline. Our census also reveals enrichment in genetic prerequisites for a copiotrophic lifestyle and resistance mechanisms reflecting adaptation to prevalent eutrophic conditions and the accumulation of environmental pollutants resulting from ongoing anthropogenic pressures in the Baltic Sea.

  • 7.
    Holmén, Janne
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History. Historiska institutionen, Uppsala Universitet.
    A small separate fatherland of our own: regional history writing and regional identity on islands in the Baltic Sea2014In: Island Studies Journal, ISSN 1715-2593, E-ISSN 1715-2593, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 135-154Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gotland, Åland, Saaremaa, Hiiumaa and Bornholm are five islands in the Baltic Sea which constitute, or have until recently constituted, provinces or counties. Combining perspectives from the fields of island studies and history, this article investigates how regional history writing has contributed to the formation of regional identity on each island since the year 1800. The special geographic situation of the islands somewhat secluded from the mainland but also connected to important waterways has provided their inhabitants with shared historical experiences. Due to varying geographic and historical circumstances, the relationship between regional and national identity is however different on each island. While regional history writing has often aimed at integrating the island into the nation state, it has on Åland in the 20th century been used to portray its inhabitants as a separate nation.

  • 8.
    Holmén, Janne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    A small separate fatherland of our own: regional history writing and regional identity on islands in the Baltic Sea2014In: Island Studies Journal, ISSN 1715-2593, E-ISSN 1715-2593, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 135-154Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gotland, Aland, Saaremaa, Hiiumaa and Bornholm are five islands in the Baltic Sea which constitute, or have until recently constituted, provinces or counties. Combining perspectives from the fields of island studies and history, this article investigates how regional history writing has contributed to the formation of regional identity on each island since the year 1800. The special geographic situation of the islands somewhat secluded from the mainland but also connected to important waterways has provided their inhabitants with shared historical experiences. Due to varying geographic and historical circumstances, the relationship between regional and national identity is however different on each island. While regional history writing has often aimed at integrating the island into the nation state, it has on Aland in the 20th century been used to portray its inhabitants as a separate nation.

  • 9. Gustafsson, Ny Björn
    A Vendel Period gold and garnet cloisonné quatrefoil from Fröjel, Gotland2018In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 113, no 1, p. 50-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Fröjel fragment represents a high level ofcraftsmanship. Due to its damaged state and as itwas found singly in mixed deposits, it is hard todetermine its original use and depositional context.It is possible that the quatrefoil was originallypart of the inventory of a destroyed grave inor close to the local cemetery, but it may also havebeen deliberately deposited or brought in as rawmaterial intended for reuse in the workshops ofthe later harbour settlement. Technical analysiswill most probably reveal more information, butmeanwhile the presence of the fragment itselfserves both to elaborate our understanding of thesite and to underline its importance.

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  • 10.
    Liebe-Harkort, Carola
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Osteoarchaeological Research Laboratory.
    A Viking Age Tumour2003In: Viking Heritage Magazine, ISSN 1403-7319, no 1, p. 17-18Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11.
    Liebe-Harkort, Carola
    Stockholms universitet.
    A Viking Age Tumour2003In: Viking heritage magazine, ISSN 1403-7319, no 1, p. 17-18Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12.
    Gustafsson, Ny Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    A Viking Period Metalworking Hoard from Alvena in Mästerby parish, Gotland2011In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 3, p. 242-245Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    -This paper presents a newly found but ploughed-out hoard of cast bronze objects from Mästerby parish Gotland. The objects - 5 sword pommels and 16 pendants - were found by metal detector can be dated to the late 10th Century AD. The hoard is of particular interest from an archaeometallurgical point of view since none of the objects appears to have been finished off and made ready for use. Hence it is good a clue to Gotlandic non-ferrous metalworking in the Viking Period.

  • 13. Gustafsson, Ny Björn
    A Viking Period metalworking hoard from Alvena in Mästerby parish, Gotland2011In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 106, no 3, p. 242-245Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 14. Söderberg, Anders
    et al.
    Gustafsson, Ny Björn
    A Viking Period silver workshop in Fröjel, Gotland: korta meddelanden2006In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 101, no 1, p. 29-31Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 15.
    Engerdahl, Tomas
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    A world apart?: An Investigation of the Roman Influence on Rural Settlements in Britain compared to Sweden during the Roman Iron Age2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study of the Roman Iron Age in both Sweden and Britain but with a focus on the latter. The study includes a comparative analysis of selected goods in the material culture at a number of different sites in Sweden and Britain in the aim of understanding the extent of the Roman influence at these sites. The aims of the essay is to investigate if we can notice similarities between the Swedish and British setting and thereby draw conclusions regarding the Roman influence or lack of it in the Rural setting of Britain as well as the chosen settlements in Sweden. Was the Romanization of Britain for everyone or was it reserved for the elite?

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  • 16.
    Myrberg, Nanouschka
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    A worth of their own: on Gotland in the Baltic Sea, and its 12th-century coinage2010In: Medieval Archaeology, ISSN 0076-6097, E-ISSN 1745-817X, Vol. 54, p. 158-181Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In about AD 1140, the island of Gotland initiated what was to become one of the most influential coinages of the medieval Baltic Sea area. This was part of a strategy to meet the impact and pressure from the world outside in a period characterised by large-scale political and ideological changes. In this situation, old and new networks were important to maintain autonomy from those aiming for dominance over the island. The coins, with an independent weight standard and an iconography inspired by NW German and Frisian coins, were one way of attracting partners to the island’s main harbour, where its inhabitants could maintain control and trading peace.

    Coins incorporate in them the dimensions of object, text and picture. A historical archaeology of coins needs not only focus on large-scale perspectives and formal power, but must also give weight to the archaeological context, the life biography of the coins and the social negotiations behind their production and use. Thus intention and reality, symbolism and social practice may be studied to find openings to the stories behind the objects. The different dimensions of the coins together with historical sources give away plenty of information on several levels: about the networks, ideological framework, artisanship and changing loyalties of this time and area.

  • 17.
    Wehlin, Joakim
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Accompanying the stone ships: circular stone settings in relation to the Gotlandic ship settings2012In: N-TAG ten: proceedings of the 10th Nordic TAG conference at Stiklestad, Norway 2009 / [ed] Ragnhild Berge, Marek E. Jasinski, Kalle Sognnes, Oxford: Archaeopress, 2012, p. 59-70Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ship is the dominant depiction of the visual Scandinavian Bronze Age. It appears in rock art, on bronze artefacts and as stone monuments. When studying the ships on rocks and bronzes one feature commonly appears in relation to it: a round or circular motif, which most often is interpreted as the sun. Geographically rock art is concentrated to the mainland of southern Sweden and Norway. The bronze artefacts with depictions of ships on the other hand, are distributed mainly to Denmark. Gotland on the other hand, located in the Baltic Sea, with a rich Bronze Age landscape, lack prominent rock art panels or ships depicted on bronze artefacts. Instead the ship appears in another form. Gotland holds today c. 380 prehistoric remains referred to as stone ship settings. A more exhaustive study of the stone ships visualise large local variations. One phenomenon appearing when visiting ship setting sites is a circular stone setting of tightly placed stones. In this paper this circular phenomenon is discussed in comparison with the other two media where the ship appears in relation to a circular feature: Rocks and Bronzes!

  • 18. Roosval, Johnny
    Acta angående Källunge-flöjeln1930In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 25, p. 367-372Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 19. Martinsson, Magnus
    Agkärr2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport behandlar naturtypen agkärr, en naturtyp som ingår i EU:s art- och habitatdirektiv. Syftet med framtagandet av rapproten har varit att ta fram uppföljningsbara kriterier för gynnsam bevarandestatus på lokal och biogeografisk nivå, utveckla en kvalitetstestad lista över lämpliga typiska arter samt att ta fram en praktisk användbar definition av gränsdragning mellan agkärr och rikkärr. Inledningsvis beskrivs naturtypens utbredning idag och historiskt, förutsättningar för dess etablering, hydrologiska förhållanden, växt- och djurliv i naturtypen samt faktorer som kan hota naturtypen. Totalt fältundersöktes åtta områden på Öland. Tre av dessa hade inte förutsättningar för att kvalificera för utpekande till naturtypen agkärr, då arten ag helt saknades i dessa områden. På Gotland fältundersöktes sex områden.

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  • 20.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    Gotland University, School of the Humanities and Social Science.
    Ajvide: begravningsentreprenad och sälklubbning2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study has been to see what the Ajvide location and its surroundings mighthave been used as. The author is going to compare a couple of sites, Stora Förvar, Snausarve, Bjerges and Ajvide, and see if these sites might have some connection to each other. Thesesites are going to be studied and see what they might have been used as, maybe a burialground or a settlement.

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  • 21.
    Norderäng, Johan
    Gotland University, Department of Archeology and Osteology.
    Ajvideboplatsen: rapport från arkeologisk undersökning 2002 av fornlämning nr. 171 på fastigheten Ajvide 2:1 i Eksta socken, Gotland2003Report (Other academic)
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  • 22.
    Norderäng, Johan
    Gotland University, Department of Archeology and Osteology.
    Ajvideboplatsen: rapport från arkeologisk undersökning 2004 av fornlämning nr. 171 på fastigheten Ajvide 2:1 i Eksta socken, Gotland2006Report (Other academic)
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  • 23.
    Norderäng, Johan
    Gotland University, Department of Archeology and Osteology.
    Ajvideboplatsen: rapport från arkeologisk undersökning 2005 av fornlämning nr. 171 på fastigheten Ajvide 2:1 i Eksta socken, Gotland2006Report (Other academic)
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  • 24.
    Norderäng, Johan
    Gotland University, Department of Archeology and Osteology.
    Ajvideboplatsen: rapport från arkeologisk undersökning 2006 av fornlämning nr. 171 på fastigheten Ajvide 2:1 i Eksta socken, Gotland2007Report (Other academic)
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  • 25.
    Norderäng, Johan
    Gotland University, Department of Archeology and Osteology.
    Ajvideboplatsen: rapport från arkeologisk undersökning 2007 av fornlämning nr. 171 på fastigheten Ajvide 2:1 i Eksta socken, Gotland2008Report (Other academic)
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  • 26.
    Norderäng, Johan
    Gotland University, Department of Archeology and Osteology.
    Ajvideboplatsen: rapport från arkeologisk undersökning 2008 av fornlämning nr. 171 på fastigheten Ajvide 2:1 i Eksta socken, Gotland2009Report (Other academic)
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  • 27.
    Norderäng, Johan
    Gotland University, Department of Archeology and Osteology.
    Ajvideboplatsen: rapport från arkeologisk undersökning år 2000 av fornlämning nr. 171 på fastighetenAjvide 2:1 i Eksta socken, Gotland.2000Report (Other academic)
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  • 28.
    Sandhagen, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Ajvides flinta under luppen: Flintslagare och slagplatser för flinta på en gropkeramisk lokal på Gotland2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Ajvides flinta under luppen
  • 29. Hildebrand, Hans
    Alexander den stores himmelsfärd1906In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 1, p. 44-48Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 30. Huttu, John
    et al.
    Svedjemo, Gustaf
    Högskolan på Gotland.
    Alla vägar bär till Roma: Vägarna i Roma under 1500 år2007In: Gotländskt arkiv 2007 / [ed] Ann-Marie Pettersson, Visby: Länsmuseet på Gotland, Fornsalens vännen , 2007, p. 159-174Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    STIGAR, VÄGAR OCH VATTENLEDER är nödvändigaför alla samhällen. Det är därför naturligt att vägaroch vägsystem ska diskuteras mom historievetenskaperna.För Roma-Kolk-projektet1 som lagt tyngdpunktenpå det medeltida Roma klosters ekonomiska grundvalar,är naturligtvis transpordederna för förnödenheteroch pengar till klostret av avgörande intresse. Emellertidgår det inte att bryta ut Roma klosters vägar frånvägarna före och efter klostrets existens. Vägsystemetkring klostret har rimligtvis en lång förhistoria, särskiltmed tanke på att Gutnaltinget, Gotlands huvudtingunder vikingatid och äldre medeltid, sannolikt har haftsitt säte i Romaområdet. Tingsbesökarna måste ha haftupptrampade vägar att färdas på. Med klostrets stängningoch etableringen av landshövdingehostället Romakungsgård fick vägarna nya funktioner. Andra vägar försvann,helt eller delvis. Vi har valt att undersöka vägarnai ett 1500-årigt perspektiv.

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  • 31.
    Liljeborg, Malin
    Gotland University, Department of History.
    Almedalsveckan: en studie i hur ett av Sveriges största politiska arrangemang har tagit form2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Politicians Week in Visby has since the late 1960s developed to be a fairly unique concept in Swedish politics, which even in recent years has begun to be exported to other countries in Europe. Curiosity and interest around the arrangement of activities and actors have in the past decade become increasingly both nationally and internationally. The purpose of this study has therefore been to find out how “Almedalsveckan” as a political arrangement emerged and developed. The question that the study mainly tries to answer is how “Almedalsveckan” became a concept of the open democratic meeting between politicians, citizens, journalists and various organizations in the Swedish society. To find out, mainly newspaper articles from the Gotland newspapers has been used, as well as an interview with the former municipal politician Jan Lundgren (s) has been made. Source material has also been obtained from the Library of Almedalen in the Gotlandica department, “Almedalsveckan” official website, Gotland Tourist, SCB and SIKA. The investigation has been defined to include the election-years for the period 1968 - 2009 but other years have also been used to see how political participation has been in non-election year and in 2009 to root development at the present time. The results from the survey show how the arrangement evolved to this stage as a meeting place for political debate in which politicians, citizens, journalists and various organizations engaged in informal conversations.

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  • 32. Lagerlöf, Erland
    Alskogs kyrka: Garde ting, Gotland band V:21968Book (Other academic)
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  • 33. Lagerlöf, Erland
    Alva kyrka1970Book (Other academic)
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  • 34. Arne, Ture J.
    Alvena-huvudet1934In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 29, p. 239-242Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 35.
    Myrberg, Nanouschka
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    An island in the middle of an island: On cult, laws and authority in Viking Age Gotland2009In: From Ephesos to Dalecarlia: Reflections on body, space and time in medieval and early modern Europe, Stockholm: Statens historiska museum , 2009, p. 101-118Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present-day small village of Roma on Gotland in the Baltic Sea was the physical and symbolic centre of the island in the Iron Age and into Medieval times. The Cistercian monastery and the meeting place of the island’s assembly, the All-thing, two well-known features of medieval Roma, have often been taken as indications of an egalitarian and non-stratified society on Gotland during the Viking Age and Middle Ages. It is here proposed, however, that an older Iron Age cult site at Roma eventually came under the control of a chieftain or major landowner who introduced Christianity, founded a monastery and inaugurated the thing in Roma in Viking or early medieval times, just as his equals did elsewhere in Scandinavia. While the later medieval thing was probably located near the monastery, an alternative site on a small island is suggested for the older All-thing.

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  • 36.
    Malmros, Ingegärd Enander
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    An Optimal Foraging Perspective on Early Holocene Human Prey Choice on Gotland: Affluence or Starvation?2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Optimal Foraging Theory, rooted in the processual archaeology, uses a measuring methodology where the foraging strategy that gives the highest payoff measured as the highest ratio of energy gain per time unit is analysed (Mac Arthur & Pianca 1966, Emlen 1966). The theory is a branch of evolutionary ecology why much attention is paid to the interdependence of humans and preys and environmental conditions caused by climatologically and geographical changes or by overexploitation or other changes caused by humans. The analysis of Early Mesolithic pioneers onGotland, who settle in a transforming landscape, leaves indications of a Maglemose culture origin, probably from flooded original settlements in the south/southwest Baltic basin. The pioneers have to adapt to a seal-hunting economy dominated by grey seal which give the best cost-benefit outcome as big terrestrial mammals are missing and only mountain hare is available. The diet is narrow and there is a great risk for deficiency diseases as well as for acquiring hypervitaminosis and osteoporosis caused by excess of seal food.

    There is a hiatus c. 5000-4500 BC in the archaeological records on Gotland and the south-western Baltic region, and the master thesis hypothesises that Littorina Transgression I with a severe cold dip called the “8.2 ka BP cold event” has a delayed, but such a severe impact also on fauna and flora on Gotland, that the ecological system is destroyed. The possibility for humans to survive in a sustainable society is questionable. The extremely cold winters during this c. 400 years cold event, with glaciers moving southwards, delayed the blooming season, diminished the harvest and changed both flora and fauna. When the ecological niche for the grey seal is destroyed with flooded beaches close to the pioneers, human overexploitation is reinforced. With a diminishing population of mountain hare, which eventually gets extinct at the end of the Mesolithic, there are no alternatives but some birds and fish, hard to catch. Probably the pioneers abandon Gotland or move to a higher level on Gotland but no records are yet found why the period is called a hiatus. Extinction is the worst scenario or survival in such a small number that a sustainable society is lost. If so, new population groups repopulatedGotlandafter the Littorina transgressions. The origin is still unknown of the Pitted-ware and Funnelbeaker cultures that are populating Gotland after the transgressions. This master thesis can not confirm an affluent life style but rather a suffering starving society flooded by Littorina transgressions and struggling with the severe cold, caused by the “8.2 ka cold event” that makes the environmental conditions even worse. The subsistence economy is successively destroyed which probably causes the hiatus in archaeological records. The Littorina Transgression I with the “8.2 cold event” and the lack of terrestrial big animals are bottle necks.

     

     

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  • 37.
    Bremer, Oskar
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Evolution and Developmental Biology.
    Blom, Henning
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Evolution and Developmental Biology.
    An updated stratigraphic and environmental framework for the distribution of Silurian vertebrates on Gotland2015In: Estonian journal of earth sciences, ISSN 1736-4728, E-ISSN 1736-7557, Vol. 64, no 1, p. 13-18Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Wallin, Paul
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Analyser och tolkningar av begravningspraktiker hos mellanneolitisk gropkeramisk kultur på Gotland: med Ajvidelokalen i fokus2017In: Arkeologi på Gotland 2: Tillbakablickar och nya forskningsrön / [ed] Paul Wallin och Helene Martinsson-Wallin, Visby: Uppsala universitet, 2017, p. 117-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 39. Palmgren, Erik
    et al.
    Martinsson-Wallin, Helene
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Analysis of late mid-Neolithic pottery illuminates the presenceof a Corded Ware Culture on the Baltic Island of Gotland2015In: Documenta Praehistoria, ISSN 1854-2492, Vol. 42, p. 297-310Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we discuss variations seen in the ornamentation and modes of manufacturingpottery from the end of the mid-Neolithic 4600–4300 BP on the Island of Gotland in theBaltic Sea. The Pitted Ware cultural groups have been discussed as a western influence from the Swedishmainland, but the aDNA on skeletal remains point to eastern influences. We analyse and discusspottery from the well-investigated Ajvide Pitted Ware site and what these variations mean interm of intra- and inter-island relationships, ethnicity and change, and we suggest the developmentof what could be described as a hybrid culture.

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  • 40. Franzén, Anne Marie
    Angående dateringen av en broderad dyna från Stånga kyrka, Gotland1969In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, p. 192-202Article in journal (Other academic)
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    ocr-fulltext
  • 41.
    Wehlin, Joakim
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Approaching the Gotlandic Bronze Age from Sea: Future Possibilities from a Maritime Perspective2010In: Baltic Prehistoric Interactions and Transformations: the Neolithic to the Bronze Age / [ed] Helene Martinsson-Wallin, Visby: Gotland university , 2010, p. 89-109Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the Bronze Age is a period when travel and interaction over large areas has been intensively discussed, not least in the Baltic Sea, the role of seafaring and maritime knowledge in the society has seldom been considered. Maritime archaeology has been viewed as peripheral in the archaeological discussion. The sea has been considered as a boundary when interpreting landscapes. More recently a maritime cultural landscape, a seascape, has developed in the archaeological discourse. In this paper I aim to apply and discuss such perspectives in the Baltic Sea region during the Bronze Age, with particular focus on the Gotlandic stone ship settings and their place in the secular and ritual landscape/seascape.

     

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  • 42. Sandra, Boman
    Arbetet med dyslexi på grundskolan: En jämförande analys av en kommuns handlingsplan, arbetet inom två rektorsområden, styrdokument och forskning2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 43.
    Andreeff, Alexander
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Archaeological Excavations of Picture Stone Sites2012In: Gotland's Picture Stones: Bearers of an Enigmatic Legacy / [ed] Maria Herlin Karnell, Visby: Gotlands museum , 2012, p. 129-144Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    "Finally, it can be said that the significance of picture stones throughout the centuries has undoubtedly been multifunctional and changing – as territorial marking, a memorial, preserver of oral tradition, burial site and religiously charged artefact. The picture stones have played a key role in the Gotlandic society in the late Iron Age and early Medieval Period, they were a focal point for social and ideological communication between the people of their time."

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    Archaeological Excavations of Picture Stone Sites
  • 44.
    Ronström, Owe
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Ethnology.
    Arkaism och öighet2018In: Ikaros, ISSN 1796-1998Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 45. Elfwendahl, Magnus
    Arkeologi på Gotland: fyra undersökningar i Västergarn1990Book (Other academic)
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  • 46.
    Wallerius, Adam
    Gotland University, Department of Archeology and Osteology.
    Arkeologi vs. Kulturgeografi: en studie om äldre järnåldern på Gotland2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis discusses the differences between how archaeologists and cultural geographerdescribe the early Iron Age on Gotland. What objects, phenomenon and arguments do theyuse to describe this period. Four publications have been analysed in this study, two written byarchaeologists, two by geographers.The differences in how they describe the period in question are significant. Both disciplinesgive a very fragmentary description of the older Iron Age in Gotland.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 47.
    Gustafsson, Ny Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    Arkeologisk undersökning av schaktmassor från 1888-års undersökning av grottan Stora Förvar, Stora Karlsö: Fornlämning RAÄ 138:1, Eksta sn, Gotland 20142015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Report over the 2014 re-excavation of soil from the cave Stora Förvar on the island of Stora Karlsö, Gotland, Sweden. In total 6 sqm were excavated and finds ranging from the Neolithic up until the early modern era was recovered. The soil was most likely removed from the cave in 1888. Among the more notable finds were flint hand drills, fragments of Viking-period casting moulds (for an oval brooch, Type P 25), a copper-alloy tool (most likely for glas bead making), iron fittings from a cog and a medieval Gotlandic coin (Örtug/Gote, 15th Century). The Viking-period finds strongly indicates that the cave was utilized as a workshop area in the early Viking Period (c. 800-850 AD). Among the crafts performed in the cave were iron smithing, bronze casting, antler- and bone-, stone- and glass working.

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    AFLrapport25
  • 48.
    Andreeff, Alexander
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Melander, Victor Niels Love
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Bakunic Fridén, Imelda
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Arkeologisk undersökning vid bildstensplatsen Buttle Änge: Buttle Nygårds 1:28, Buttle Raä 42:1, 42:2, 145:1, Buttle socken, Gotland, 2009 & 20132014Report (Other academic)
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  • 49.
    Andreeff, Alexander
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Bakunic Fridén, Imelda
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Arkeologisk undersökning vid bildstensplatsen Fröjel Stenstugu 1:8, Fröjel Raä 12:1, Fröjel socken, Gotland, 20072014Report (Other academic)
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  • 50.
    Andreeff, Alexander
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Arkeologiska undersökningar av bildstensplats och stengrundshus vid Buttle Änge, Gotland2017In: Arkeologi på Gotland 2: Tillbakablickar och nya forskningsrön / [ed] Paul Wallin; Helene Martinsson-Wallin, Visby: Gotlands Museum , 2017, 1, p. 191-197Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Husgrunderna från Buttle Änge visar, förutom sin skilda storlek, upp en olikartad karaktär vad gäller konstruktion, kulturlagrens djup och delvis fyndmaterial. Vidare arkeologiska undersökningar och analyser behövs för att klarlägga husens tidshorisont, funktion och relation till varandra. Är de skilda husen samtidiga eller förligger det kronologiska och/eller funktionella skillnader? Forskningsprojektet syftar även till att ge en ökad förståelse av de kronologiska och kontextuella relationerna mellan bildstensplats och gårdsmiljö genom seklerna både vid Buttle Änge och generellt via jämförande studier av andra bildstensplatser och stengrundsmiljöer.

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