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  • 1. Clifton, Kelly
    et al.
    Burnier, Carolina
    Kreamer Fults, Kandice
    Women's Involvement in Pedestrian-Vehicle Crashes: Influence of Personal and Environmental Factors2004In: Proceedings of Transportation Research Board, Conference on Research on Women's Issues in Transportation 2004, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2. Clifton, Kelly
    et al.
    Kreamer Fults, Kandice
    National Center for Smart Growth Research and Education, University of Maryland.
    An examination of the environmental attributes associated with pedestrian-vehicular crashes near public schools2007In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 39, no 4, p. 708-715Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines pedestrian-vehicular crashes in the vicinity of public schools, the severity of injuries sustained, and their relationship to the physical and social attributes near the schools. Multivariate models of crash severity and crash risk exposure were estimated as a function of social and physical characteristics of the area immediately surrounding schools in Baltimore City, Maryland. Results show that the presence of a driveway or turning bay on the school entrance decreases both crash occurrence and injury severity. Conversely, the presence of recreational facilities on the school site is positively associated with crash occurrence and injury severity of crashes. Findings related to neighborhood characteristics were mixed but the significant variables - transit access, commercial access, and population density - are generally associated with increased pedestrian demand and should be interpreted with care. The results of this study are relevant for Safe Routes to School projects and point to areas meriting further study.

  • 3. Clifton, Kelly
    et al.
    Kreamer Fults, Kandice
    University of Maryland.
    Role of Environmental Attributes in Explaining Pedestrian-Vehicular Crashes near Public Schools2006In: Proceedings of Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting 2006, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In previous research, children have been shown to be involved in pedestrian-vehicular crashes in high numbers due to improper pedestrian behaviors. Little research has been conducted to examine the relationship between schools and pedestrian crashes. This study analyzes pedestrian-vehicular crashes in the city of Baltimore, Maryland to determine any relationships that may exist between crashes near public schools and the physical and social attributes of these schools. It was found that the presence of a driveway decreases crash occurrence and severity. Recreational facilities are shown to increase the crash occurrence and severity of crashes.

  • 4.
    Fults, Kandice
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics, Transport and Location Analysis.
    A Time Perspective on Gendered Travel Differences in Sweden2010Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender differences in travel behaviors are relevant in addressing equity needs and a variety of policy issues.  In order to effectively design gender equity policy, whether transport-related or other, one must first understand the differences found in travel behaviors between genders and what the implications of those differences are.  This thesis presents two papers aimed at exploring a variety of travel dimensions on the gender level.

    The first paper reports research on the travel pattern changes over 19 years in the Stockholm region and the influences of these changes.  The study is implemented by comparing two large-scale travel surveys carried out in Stockholm County from 1986-87 and 2004.  By use of statistical and econometric methods, this study analyzes changes in various dimensions of travel patterns, while controlling for changes in external factors, such as automobile ownership, residence location and employment status.  Particular focus is given to how travel in different lifecycle groups (defined by gender, age and household composition) has changed.  The findings show that while travel distance has increased overall, it increases at a higher rate for females than her male counterpart.  In other words, women's travel behavior has become more similar to men's which explains an overall trend increase in travel distance.

    The second paper presents estimates of the value of commuting time obtained from a model of subjective life satisfaction in the context of a household.  The model uses a correlated error structure for the household dimension in the data and it is estimated as an ordered probit model.  Separate models are, furthermore, estimated for households with and without young children, to capture potential differences for females and males from having young children.  The results indicate that the presence of young children in a household has a significant effect on the influences of commuting time for partnered males and females.  In general when considering the influence of commuting time by gender, it is shown that there is little difference in disutility for females and males without young children but a higher disutility for commuting time for females than her male counterparts when there are young children in the household.  From these findings, it is concluded that the value of commuting time based on subjective life satisfaction is higher for females, particularly in households with young children.

  • 5.
    Kreamer Fults, Kandice
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301), Transport and Location Analysis (closed 20110301).
    Börjesson, Maria
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Drivers of change in travel patterns: Stockholm 1986-20042010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Kreamer Fults, Kandice
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301), Transport and Location Analysis (closed 20110301).
    Isacsson, Gunnar
    Karlström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301), Transport and Location Analysis (closed 20110301). KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Gender differences in value of commuting time- evidence from a household model of subjective life satisfaction in Sweden2009In: Proceedings of Transportation Research Board, Research in Women's Travel Issues Conference, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
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