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  • 1.
    Götlind, Anna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Konsten att skriva en fotnot: vetenskaplig formalia för humanister2015 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här boken ger ovärderlig hjälp för alla som ska skriva en vetenskaplig artikel eller uppsats. Att kunna hantera formalia är en viktig del av det professionella vetenskapliga hantverket och förtjänar samma uppmärksamhet som andra delar av forskningsprocessen.

    Konsten att skriva en fotnot diskuteras detaljfrågor kring formalia, såsom citat- och referatteknik samt hantering av illustrationer och fotnoter, men framför allt tar författarna ett helhetsgrepp på vetenskaplig formalia. Boken är tänkt att vara ett hjälpmedel att användas under själva skrivandet och ger exempel på en mängd frågeställningar som kan infinna sig för uppsatsskribenten. Hur ska egentligen referenser utformas i en vetenskaplig text? Ska en fotnot stå före eller efter punkten? Hur redovisas internetkällor i källförteckningen?

    Boken vänder sig till nya studenter som behöver en bok i behändigt format att hålla hårt i under uppsatsskrivandet, men också till den mer erfarna forskaren som kan behöva en uppslagsbok när det uppstår frågor kring hur hänvisningar ska utformas.

  • 2.
    Hallenberg, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Hetsig vinstdebatt skymmer viktiga vägval2016In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Samhället behöver diskutera vad det allmänna ska sköta och vad som är den enskildes ansvar. Men denna avgörande debatt försvinner i ett ideologiskt krig kring vinster i dagens välfärd. Det skriver historikerna Mats Hallenberg och Magnus Linnarsson.

  • 3.
    Hallenberg, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Politiska rum: En introduktion2014In: Politiska rum: Kontroll, konflikt och rörelse i det förmoderna Sverige 1300–1850 / [ed] Mats Hallenberg, Magnus Linnarsson, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2014, p. 7-17Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Politik har i alla tider utspelats på olika typer av platser, från de politiska sammanträdesrummen till galgbacken utanför byn. Vilken betydelse hade rummet eller platsen för politikens utformning under förmodern tid, och vad ansågs vara en politisk handling? Utifrån ett rumsligt perspektiv och med en vidare syn på politik går det att förklara konflikter som annars inte skulle betraktas som politiska.

    I Politiska rum undersöker en grupp historiker platser och områden där konflikter utspelades mellan överhet och undersåtar under den förmoderna perioden. Texterna handlar om politik, hur politiken formade platserna och hur rum och plats i sin tur påverkade politiken. I bokens olika bidrag är rummet inte enbart den scen där politiken utspelades. Författarna diskuterar också hur rumsliga villkor har påverkat politiken, samt hur människors rörelser och handlingar bidragit till att särskilda platser och rum blivit politiska. 

  • 4.
    Hallenberg, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Linnarsson, MagnusStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Politiska rum: kontroll, konflikt och rörelse i det förmoderna Sverige 1300–18502014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Politik har i alla tider utspelats på olika typer av platser, från de politiska sammanträdesrummen till galgbacken utanför byn. Vilken betydelse hade rummet eller platsen för politikens utformning under förmodern tid, och vad ansågs vara en politisk handling? Utifrån ett rumsligt perspektiv och med en vidare syn på politik går det att förklara konflikter som annars inte skulle betraktas som politiska.

    I Politiska rum undersöker en grupp historiker platser och områden där konflikter utspelades mellan överhet och undersåtar under den förmoderna perioden. Texterna handlar om politik, hur politiken formade platserna och hur rum och plats i sin tur påverkade politiken. I bokens olika bidrag är rummet inte enbart den scen där politiken utspelades. Författarna diskuterar också hur rumsliga villkor har påverkat politiken, samt hur människors rörelser och handlingar bidragit till att särskilda platser och rum blivit politiska. 

  • 5.
    Hallenberg, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Privat och publikt i det förmoderna samhället: Konflikter om allmännyttan i frihetstidens Sverige2014In: Förmoderna offentligheter: Arenor och uttryck för politisk debatt 1550–1830 / [ed] Leif Runefelt, Oskar Sjöström, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2014, p. 57-74Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates and discusses privatization and out-sourcing of various state enterprises, regarded as a political problem. The aim is to show that the contradiction between public and private organization, is not a modern phenomena, rather a question that has permeated political discourse even in pre-modern times. Theoretically, the study draws on Janet Newman and John Clarkes work on how “publicness” – defined as a consciousness about the meaning of the public – has constructed discursive chains. These chains merge conceptions of the political community, the organization of the enterprise, and values ​​of the common good. The example used in the study is the debate about the organization of the Swedish customs service in the early 1700s.

    The analysis shows that the Swedish diet in 1723 was divided about the organization of the customs services. Some members of the diet thought that the customs should stay under state governance; some thought that a private entrepreneur should be engaged via a lease contract. The conflict between the two parts led to fierce debates at the diet, each side hurling arguments for their opinion. Those in favor for state service, considered the private entrepreneurs to be selfish and greedy; those arguing for a lease contract, considered the state servants to be sloppy and inefficient.

    The debate about the customs service in 1723 have proven that the discursive chains, derived from Newman and Clarke, were in place also in the politics of eighteenth century Sweden. The most prominent aspect in the customs debate is the linkage of the publicness to a specific form of organization – in this example public or private. These findings have briefly been compared to previous research on Sweden in the 1600s, and the debate in 1723 thus provides examples of discursive changes, but also of continuity of the arguments given.

  • 6.
    Hallenberg, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    The quest for publicness: political conflict about the organisation of tramways and telecommunication in Sweden, c. 1900–19202017In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 65, no 1, p. 70-87Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores political conflicts about the organisation of public services in Sweden c. 1900–1920. The authors argue that political decisions play a vital role in shaping the political economy of public services. The case studies analysed are the political debates about the communalisation of the tramway system in Stockholm, and the nationalisation of Sweden’s last private telephone company. In both cases, the transfer of the service to public organisation was a lengthy process, ending in the late 1910s. This is explained using the concept of publicness. Drawing on three discursive chains, the argument is that the political development was affected by the politicians conception of the political community, the form of organisation and by perceptions of values such as equal access and modernity. In the case of the tramways, public organisation was seen as the best option to defend the public against corruption and self-interest. In the case of the telephones, free market competition was seen as a guarantee for an efficient and cost- effective service. The reason for this difference, is argued, was that the debate on the tramways articulated a clearer notion of publicness, where equal access and public opinion carried larger weight. 

  • 7.
    Hallenberg, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Vad vill ni egentligen med välfärden, politiker?2017In: Expressen, ISSN 1103-923X, no 4 septemberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Politiker från höger till vänster missförstår frågan om vinster i välfärden. Släpp låsningarna och börja leverera samhällsservice till rimlig kostnad för samtliga medborgare, skriver historikerna Mats Hallenberg och Magnus Linnarsson, som studerat debatten ur ett 400-årigt perspektiv. 

  • 8.
    Hallenberg, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Vem tar bäst hand om det allmänna?: Politiska konflikter om privata och offentliga utförare 1720–18602016In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 136, no 1, p. 32-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores four political debates in the Swedish diet and among the ruling elite in Stockholm on the organization of public services. The results demonstrate how in different ways notions of the common good permeated the discourse on all occasions.

    When the Swedish government tried to initiate public street lightning in Stockholm in 1749, there was a broad consensus among government and city officials that this should be done by the creation of a municipal organization financed by tax income. The burghers of Stockholm, however, opposed the proposal and argued that they were themselves better suited to care for the streetlights. The common good should be provided by individual action of responsible, male householders. Eventually the burghers got the upper hand and public street lightning continued to be organized by private initiative until the mid-nineteenth century.

    When in the 1720s the Swedish diet discussed the lease of custom duties by a merchant consortium (Sw. generaltullarrendesocieteten), the problem of corruption emerged as the bone of contention. Proponents claimed that this form of private enterprise was an effective means to suppress widespread corruption among state officials. Their opponents argued to the contrary that private leaseholders would skim off the profits for themselves, thereby depriving the state of its income.

    In the mid-eighteenth century the city authorities in Stockholm debated whether the emptying of latrines should remain an individual concern or if it should be recognized as a public matter. The city officials at first decided that this task was indeed a matter of public concern that should be handled by private entrepreneurs. Within a few years they had changed their minds, however, proposing instead that a new communal organization should be created for the removal of city waste. By now, the ruling elite of Stockholm had begun to identify the common good with municipal direction.

    The development of railway infrastructure was a hotly debated subject in the Swedish diet of the 1850s. Some representatives argued that private entrepreneurs would provide more cost-effective solutions than publicly managed railways, while others claimed that the state must administer a national system of railways. In the debate, private self-interest was juxtaposed with equal access to the common good. The proponents of state intervention claimed that national concerns must have priority over financial gain, and this argument would eventually influence the final decision.

    By the middle of the nineteenth century there was a growing consensus among the ruling elites in Sweden that the common good could best be provided for by state or municipal initiative. In the debates, arguments about organizational efficiency and equal access to public services eventually won out over notions of individual responsibility and private enterprise as a better alternative to corrupt government. In the late twentieth century the debate had shifted radically, however. The reasons for this shift will be the subject of our future research.

  • 9. Klackenberg, Henrik
    et al.
    Olsson, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Bullan från Lomma: ett påvligt sigill på villovägar2010In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 105, no 1, p. 20-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A papal lead seal, a so called bull, from the pontificate of Eugene III 1145-53) has been found in Scania, southern Sweden. The seal is the ldest known material evidence of contacts between Scandinavia and the oly See. In this paper the papal seal is presented and discussed in elation to the historical context of the find spot in Lomma, a small ommunity 10 kilometers north of Malmo. The place is thought to have een of some importance during the 11th and 12th centuries. The authors resent a hypothesis about the background of the bull and how it ended p in Lomma.

  • 10.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Byarna delade ansvaret för gästgiverierna2015In: Populär Historia, ISSN 1102-0822, no 11, p. 60-61Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Börje Magnusson & Jonas Nordin, Drömmen om stormakten. Erik Dahlbergs Sverige2016In: Karolinska förbundets årbok, ISSN 0348-9833, p. 119-121Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Den nya staten. Ideologi och samhällsförändring kring sekelskiftet 1900, red. Erik Nydahl, & Jonas Harvard2018In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 84, no 1, p. 126-128Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Ett stycke på väg. Naturaväghållning med lotter i Västmanlands län ca 1750–1850, Tomas Högberg, Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2015, 291 s.2016In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 82, no 2, p. 124-126Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    ”Ett wist bequämligitt rum”: Byråkratin som platsskapare i 1600-talets Sverige2014In: Politiska rum: Kontroll, konflikt och rörelse i det förmoderna Sverige 1300–1850 / [ed] Mats Hallenberg & Magnus Linnarsson, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2014, p. 215-234Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att ur ett platsteoretiskt perspektiv analysera beskrivningar av statens lokaler under 1600-talet. Jag ska diskutera hur byråkratin fungerade som platsskapare när staten aktivt pekade ut hur förvaltningens verksamhet rumsligt skulle vara organiserad. Källmaterialet utgörs av förordningar och instruktioner från perioden 1618–1704, och jag redogör för och analyserar de passager i förordningstexterna som beskriver hur kontorslokalerna skulle se ut och hur de skulle vara ordnade. 

  • 15.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Farming out state revenue: the debate about the General Customs Lease Company in Sweden, 1723–652018In: Parliaments, Estates and Represenation, ISSN 0260-6755, E-ISSN 1947-248X, Vol. 38, no 2, p. 175-191Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A typical trait of the fiscal system of the ancien régime was the farming out of state revenue, most often represented by England and France. This article contributes to the ongoing discussion on the articulation of political economy and discourses on private and public organization in the early modern period, using the Swedish Riksdag as the focal point. Furthermore, it adds to historical research on private organizations for the operation of public services, and to a theoretical discussion on institutional development in the early modern period. In this article the Swedish General Customs Lease Company (Generaltullarren-desocieteten) 1723–65 is used as an example, arguing that Sweden represents an alternative model for the organization of revenue collection in early modern Europe; demonstrating that the General Customs Lease Company includes characteristics found both in England and in France. The analysis focuses on the political level, using parliamentary debates about the organization of the customs service. Thus, the explanation pays close attention to arguments wielded in favour, or against, farming out state revenue to private individuals. The political debates show an increasing critique against the large profits made by the shareholders in the Customs Company, as well as condemnations against the Customs Company for promoting self-interest at the expense of the common good.

  • 16.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Förmodernitet: Analytiskt begrepp eller kronologisk restpost?2015In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 81, no 2, p. 9-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Premodernity: A useful analytical concept or redundant chronological term?

    In January 2011 the Swedish Foundation for Humanities and Social Sciences (RJ) announced the launch of a particular fund for research on the pre-1800s. Behind the initiative lay amongst other things a desire to increase the number of Swedish researchers studying the “premodern” era. The foundation used the term “premodern” solely to provide chronological demarcation. However, the term premodern also gives rise to questions like: what is meant by premodern; what was the premodern era, and when was this premodernity played out? These questions were addressed in a session at the national historical conference “Svenska historikermötet” in 2015. During the session many of the issues and problems related to premodernity were discussed. Each participant described his or her view of premodernity as a chronological period, and as a theoretical concept, and then concluded with a discussion on how the concept was relevant in their own research.

    The participants were invited to write an article based on the session and the results are published in this Supplement of Scandia. Hopefully, the various approaches and perspectives presented here reveal the multifaceted nature of the concept of premodernity. Further to the very simple chronological demarcation of the “premodern”, as given by the Swedish Foundation for Humanities and Social Sciences, this collection of articles shows its wide and varied definitions. Limiting premodern to the chronological interpretation of the concept, risks lumping all pre-1800s history together into “something that happened in the old days”. As several of the contributions to this Supplement shows, premodernity can instead be used as a relevant analytical concept, discussed and applied by researchers. 

  • 17.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Gunnar Wetterberg, Skånes historia. II, 1376–17202017In: Karolinska förbundets årbok, ISSN 0348-9833, p. 145-147Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Karolinska förbundets årsbok 20162016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Karolinska förbundets årsbok 20172017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Knut Dørum, Frå undersått til medborgar. Styreform og politisk kultur i Noreg 1660 til 18842016In: Sjuttonhundratal, ISSN 1652-4772, Vol. 13, p. 143-144Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Kristoffer Neville & Lisa Skogh (red.), Queen Hedwig Eleonora and the arts. Court culture in seventeenth-century Northern Europe2017In: Karolinska förbundets årbok, ISSN 0348-9833, p. 157-158Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    När posten fick ett kunskapsarkiv: införandet av överpostdirektör Johan Schmedemans postbok från 17072012In: Karolinska förbundets årsbok, ISSN 0348-9833, p. 9-22Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den svenske överpostdirektören Johan Schmedeman skickade sommaren 1707 ut en samling av postala regler till samtliga postkontor. Samlingen har traditionellt kommit att kallas ”Schmedemans postbok”. Boken skulle användas för att sköta postverksamheten, både vid det lokala kontoret, och för att reglera postmästarnas förhållande till ledningen i Stockholm. Genom att postboken skulle finnas tillgänglig på alla kontor kunde postledningen bygga upp lokala kunskapsarkiv runt om i riket. Historien om Schemedemans postbok är ett exempel på den generella utvecklingen för hur maktutövningen fungerade, och förändrades, i den svenska militärstaten kring sekel­skiftet 1700. Denna artikel är en fallstudie av Johan Schmedemans postbok och visar ett typfall för hur historiska medieformer utvecklades under tidsperioden. Detta ger ett angreppssätt på postväsendets historia som är inspirerat av den kultur­historiska medieforskning som växt fram på senare år.

  • 23.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Postal service on a lease contract: the privatization and outsourcing of the Swedish postal service, 1662–16682012In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 296-316Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the privatization of the Swedish postal service in the 1660s. In 1663 the Swedish state signed a lease contract for the management of the kingdom's postal service, handing over the leadership of the post to the nobleman Johan von Beijer. The purpose of this article is to show how the early modern Swedish state used private alternatives in executing its undertakings. An analysis of Johan von Beijer's lease contract will serve as an illuminating example of what such a private alternative might be. In order to answer the question of what influenced the choice of organization form, transaction cost theory is applied. Based on the analysis of the contract, and the negotiations between Beijer and the state, this article is able to complement and show the nuances of how the early modern Swedish state functioned in practice.

  • 24.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Postgång på växlande villkor: det svenska postväsendets organisation under stormaktstiden2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Problemet med vinster: Riksdagsdebatter om privat och offentlig drift under 400 år2017Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book concerns debates in the Swedish parliament (Riksdagen) about the public or private administration of public services over a period of four hundred years. The aim is to analyse the political conficts about the organization and operation of public services between c. 1620 and 1985, looking at the question of who should best run public services such as customs and excise, public transport, telephone services, and childcare.

    The issue of the public and private operation of welfare services is very much an issue today. There is a common misconception that the privatization of the public sector has been limited to the late twentieth century, but on the contrary, the issue of the private administration of public services is a political problem with a long history. One of the aims of this book is thus to chart the many and varied answers given by politicians down the ages to the question of how best to manage what are now thought of as public services, or public goods. Furthermore, the study sets out to demonstrate how concepts and ideas from the past still play a role in today’s debates about the organization and operation of public services. 

  • 26.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Rayon för rikets försörjning: Kris, korporatism och beredskapspolitik, 1972–19832013In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 133, no 1, p. 34-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Between 1972 and 1983 the Swedish state gave large-scale aid to the company Svenska Rayon AB (SRA). The company was Sweden’s only producer of rayon yarn during the era of the Cold War. Rayon was seen as a necessity for the Swedish state in case of crisis or war. In a situation where Sweden was shut off from the importation of cotton, rayon yarn would be the replacement material in the production of clothes and cloth. The Swedish government therefore protected the company and its production facilities, despite a poor economic performance. The government gave SRA some 250 million kronor in state aid between 1972 and 1983. What triggered the aid was the interna- tional textile crisis in Europe that began in the 1950s. The Swedish textile industry contracted and the economic results of the rayon company suffered under hardened international competition. In the beginning of the period analyzed, the aid was limited. It escalated over the years and culminated in the last agreement with the company in 1983.

    The article argues that national security was one explanation for the large amounts of state aid given to the SRA. The government considered rayon production vital to state security. This explanation complements previous research about Swedish state aid in the time period, which has mainly been interpreted from the perspective of labour policies. A second explanation is provided by the Swedish system of corporatism. Sweden has been described as one of the most corporative states in Europe, and the analysis of the aid offered to the SRA shows that the state and the company became more and more interlinked. In the case of the 1983 agreement, most of the text was produced by the two parts together. The article ends with a discussion of the case of the SRA as an example of the dissolution of the prevailing economic policy model in Sweden. This policy had been shaped by the so-called Rhen- Meidner model, and the state’s aid to the company shows how the model was abandoned, starting the movement towards a new economic policy. 

  • 27.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Recension av: Annie Mattsson, Komediant och riksförrädare. Hand­skrift­cirkulerade smädeskrifter mot Gustaf III.2011In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 77, no 2, p. 180-182Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Regera med brev och bud: postgången mellan Osmanska riket och Stockholm2015In: Karl XII och svenskarna i Osmanska riket / [ed] Åsa Karlsson, Klas Kronberg, Per Sandin, Stockholm: Bokförlaget Atlantis, 2015, p. 142-158Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här artikeln är ett försök att rekonstruera postförbindelserna mellan kungen och rådet i Stockholm, under Karl XII:s tid i Osmanska riket. Detta har tidigare inte gjorts på ett systematiskt vis och ger därför en möjlighet satt öka vår kunskap och förståelse för hur Sverige styrdes från det Osmanska riket. Undersökningens fokus ligger på perioden mellan 1709, då kungen flydde från Poltava, och sträcka sig till 1714 då kungen återvände till Sverige. Först ges en kort redogörelse för postförbindelserna mellan Stockholm och fältarmén, innan slaget vid Poltava.

  • 29.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Rätt kontakter gav jobb på 1600-talet2013In: Populär Historia, ISSN 1102-0822, no 3, p. 61-61Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 30.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Sten Westerberg: Claes Rålamb: maktspelare i storhetstidens Sverige2013In: Karolinska förbundets årbok, ISSN 0348-9833, p. 187-188Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Stormaktspolitik och diplomati i ny tappning: Recension av Peter Lindström och Svante Norrhem, Flattering Alliances: Scandinavia, Diplomacy, and the Austrian-French Balance of Power, 1648–1740, Nordic Academic Press, Lund 20132014In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, no 2, p. 187-190Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, History.
    The Development of the Swedish Post Office, c. 1600–17212011In: Connecting the Baltic Area: The Swedish Postal system in the Seventeenth Century / [ed] Heiko Droste, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2011, p. 25-48Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    The postal route between the Ottoman Empire and Stockholm: Ruling from a distance2016In: When Sweden was ruled from the Ottoman Empire / [ed] Klas Kronberg, Per Sandin, Åsa Karlsson, Stockholm: Armémuseum , 2016, p. 123-129Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is an attempt to reconstruct the postal connections between the king and the Royal Council, during Charles XII time in the Ottoman Empire. This has not been done in a systematic way and therefore provides an opportunity to increase our knowledge and understanding of how Sweden was ruled from the Ottoman Empire. The study focuses on the period between 1709, when the king fled from Poltava, and extends to 1714 when the king returned to Sweden. Firstly, a brief explanation of the postal relations between Stockholm and field army before the Battle of Poltava, are given.

  • 34.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    ”Ty förr bliffver thet aldrig godt": De olagliga skjuts­ningarna och inrättandet av ett svenskt postväsende2010In: Möten med historiens mångfald / [ed] Lars Berggren, Klas Göran Karlsson & Charlotte Tornbjer, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2010, p. 239-250Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Unfaithful and expensive – but absolutely necessary: Perceptions of mercenaries in Swedish war policy, 1621–16362015In: Revue d'histoire Nordique, ISSN 1778-9605, no 18, p. 51-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the Swedish State Council’s descriptions and perceptions of mercenaries between 1621 and 1636. The survey shows that the Council described the mercenaries as unfaithful, unreliable and expensive. In its discussions, conscripted Swedish troops are said to be better than hired mercenaries. The State Council’s perception of mercenaries confirms a paradox in military history. During the period examined, mercenaries constituted a considerable part of fighting forces, not least in the Swedish army. This study, therefore, shows how an ideal of soldier recruitment collided with political reality. In so doing, this article also reviews British political scientist Sarah Percy’s thesis of a norm against the use of mercenaries. Percy has argued that such a norm has put restrictions on the use of mercenaries since the Middle Ages. A review of the Swedish source material found that this norm existed on a discursive level, but that it did not have any real impact on troop recruitment during the period studied. 

  • 36.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Välfärdsdebatten handlar för mycket om vinster2017In: Dagens arena, no 19 decemberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Debatten om vinster i välfärden är extremt avgränsad och historielös. Regeringen fokuserar enbart på vinsterna och oppositionen har låst sig vid frågan om kvaliteten. Det centrala problemet; vad som är bäst för det allmänna glöms bort, och hindrar beslutsfattarna från att se nya lösningar, skriver historikern Magnus Linnartsson.

    Till en del beror dagens polarisering på uppfattningen att privatiseringar inom den offentliga sektorn hör det sena 1900-talet till och alltså är ett förhållandevis nytt fenomen.

    Det är felaktigt. I en ny bok studerar jag riksdagsdebatter om privat och offentlig drift under 400 år. Där visas hur frågan om privat eller offentlig drift är ett politiskt problem med en lång historia

  • 37.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Hallenberg, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Towns go public: Urban services and the broadening ofurban communities in Scandinavia 1850–19202018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From the mid-nineteenth century and onwards, debates on urban public services became an integral part of municipal politics in Nordic towns.  The industrial revolution came late in Nordic countries and the problem of how to integrate immigrants and factory workers into existing networks became paramount at the end of the century. This paper will discuss how municipal bodies tackled the problem of making the city accessible to new groups in the urban landscape.  

    New forms of infrastructure had been introduced by private initiative: water, gas, electricity, tramways etc. In city councils and popular press, proponents of equal access argued that such services should be controlled and provided by municipal bodies. Their adversaries claimed that business operations were better run by private companies, and that municipal takeovers would only mean a larger burden for the tax-payers. The debates on how to improve and extend the reach of public services articulated new notions of community. The daily lives of women, children and the urban poor became a contested issue, and a new field for political solutions. Eventually, a future-oriented discourse became dominant where the solutions for today were expected to solve the problems of tomorrow as well.

  • 38.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Hallenberg, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Urban space, private business and the common good: The Politics of the street in early 20th century Stockholm2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses political conflict over the organisation of public services in Sweden at the turn of the century, c. 1900. It’s part of a research project where we analyse similar discussions from the mid-seventeenth to the late twentieth century (Hallenberg & Linnarsson, 2016). Our starting point is that the organisation of public services is a political as well as an economical problem.

    In the paper we will demonstrate how the commercial restructuring of urban space challenged conservative notions of the common good as well as modern views of social reform and publicness. The modernization of public transport and telecommunications offered new possibilities for urban planning and extending the public sphere. The paper argues that political decisions played a vital role in shaping the management of public services. Discussions over who has the right to organise the common good has remained a leading trope in European history to this day, which makes it all the more important to see how political discourse on this subject have developed and changed over time.

  • 39.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Hallenberg, MatsStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Vad ska vi med det förmoderna? tio texter om ett gäckande begrepp2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In January 2011 the Swedish Foundation for Humanities and Social Sciences (RJ) announced the launch of a particular fund for research on the pre-1800s. Behind the initiative lay amongst other things a desire to increase the number of Swedish researchers studying the “premodern” era. The foundation used the term “premodern” solely to provide chronological demarcation. However, the term premodern also gives rise to questions like: what is meant by premodern; what was the premodern era, and when was this premodernity played out? These questions were addressed in a session at the national historical conference “Svenska historikermötet” in 2015. During the session many of the issues and problems related to premodernity were discussed. Each participant described his or her view of premodernity as a chronological period, and as a theoretical concept, and then concluded with a discussion on how the concept was relevant in their own research. The participants were invited to write an article based on the session and the results are published in this Supplement of Scandia. Hopefully, the various approaches and perspectives presented here reveal the multifaceted nature of the concept of premodernity. Further to the very simple chronological demarcation of the “premodern”, as given by the Swedish Foundation for Humanities and Social Sciences, this collection of articles shows its wide and varied definitions. Limiting premodern to the chronological inter-pretation of the concept, risks lumping all pre-1800s history together into “something that happened in the old days”. As several of the contributions to this Supplement shows, premodernity can instead be used as a relevant analytical concept, discussed and applied by researchers. 

  • 40.
    Linnarsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Scherp, Joakim
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Sverige efter karolinerna: Staten, människorna och samhället efter Karl XII:s död 17182017In: Karolinska förbundets årbok, ISSN 0348-9833, p. 9-15Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Nästa år är det 300 år sedan Karl XII dödades vid Fredrikstens fästning i Norge. Det är ingen överdrift att påstå att kungens död i löpgraven nedanför fästningen är en av de enskilda historiska händelser som blivit mest omskriven i svensk historia. Det stora intresset har varit motiverat av flera skäl, bland annat eftersom Karl XII:s död innebar slutet för den svenska stormaktstiden och slutet på det karolinska enväldet. De förändringar som följde för den svenska staten och dess undersåtar var både omfattande och djupgående och kom i någon mening att prägla Sverige under de följande århundradena.

    Med Karolinska förbundets årsbok 2017 vill vi flytta fokus från den Karl XII-centrerade historieskrivning som i huvudsak varit dominerande när det gäller händelserna 1718. Årsboken är en specialutgåva där ett antal forskare medverkar. Med rubriken ”Sverige efter karolinerna – staten, människorna och samhället” vill vi bredda perspektivet på Karl XII:s död och på stora nordiska krigets slutskede. Årsboken fokuserar därför främst på de politiska och samhälleliga förändringar som enväldets fall innebar för Sverige. 

  • 41.
    Olsson, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Postal Round Trip to Amsterdam: The private entrepreneur­ship within the Swedish postal organization in 17162009In: Ajalooline Ajakiri – The Estonian Historical Journal, ISSN 1406-3859, Vol. 129/130, no 3/4, p. 493-507Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is a case study of the organization of the Swedish postal route to Europe in 1716. In the winter of 1715, the Swedish Baltic Empire lay in ruins and when the Swedish King Charles XII landed in Ystad, in the south of Sweden, he had many problems to deal with. One of the most urgent ones was to establish a postal route to the rest of Europe. During the war the traditional Swedish postal route via Denmark was stopped by the Danes, and it was difficult for the Swedish mail to reach the European continent. The king and the state administration therefore run the risk of informational isolation.In 1716, the correspondence was sent via a postal route by sea between Gothenburg (Göteborg), on the Swedish west coast, and Amsterdam, in the Netherlands. The administration of the postal traffic was given to a private consortium of eight merchants. With privilege from the king, they were given full responsibility for the single postal route from Sweden to the rest of the world in 1716.This article shows that it is plausible to view the entrepreneurial postal route in 1716 as an illustration of the change in the Swedish economic and organizational policy in the latter part of Charles XII’s reign. From the 1680s, the Swedish economic policy had been designed to concentrate resources in the hands of the Crown. Charles XI built up a state bureaucracy that controlled the means of the state. This resulted in a system where the Crown supervised and organized most of the resources in the kingdom. Following the wars in the early 1700s, this system broke down and the Swedish leadership sought to get hold of more money with the help of private merchants. The use of private capital for financing state affairs was common in Sweden, and other European states, in the first half of the 1600s. The method of using private entrepreneurs for the organization of the postal route, is therefore an example of the reorientation of economic thinking in the Swedish state administration. This resulted in a policy that, in a more direct way, tried to engage private merchants and entrepreneurs in the financing of state affairs. The article shows how this policy, in one way, was a return to an older form of financing state affairs.

  • 42.
    Sjöblom, Paul
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Nordquist, Margaretha (Contributor)
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Tydén, Mattias (Contributor)
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Kvalitetsutveckling av grundutbildning vid Historiska institutionen: Slutrapport2017Report (Other academic)
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