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  • 1.
    Wilzén, Josef
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Statistics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Lee, Emma
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Statistics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Risken för kolorektal cancer i förhållande till kostmönster, fysisk aktivitet och BMI i sydöstra Sverige: Analys av data från en fall-kontrollstudie2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Previous studies have shown several risk factors for developing colorectal cancer such as diet, physical activity and BMI. The method of analyzing diets based on dietary patterns, rather than individual food items, have been shown to be effective when investigating the colorectal cancer risk. The data was collected using a case-control study of 257 cases and 805 controls.

    Aim: Identify factors that cause increased or decreased risk in developing colorectal cancer based on diet, physical activity and BMI.

    Methods: Factor analysis was conducted to identify dietary patterns. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratio and 95 % confidence interval.

    Results: Factor analysis conducted ten dietary patterns, three of these patterns showed an increased risk “Soft drinks, juice and milk products” (OR=1,288; ORQ4=2,159), “Tea, but not coffee” (OR=1,228; ORQ3=1,891; ORQ4=1,668) and “Poultry, red meats and fish” (ORQ4=1,724).The dietary pattern “Food based on grain and cheese” (ORQ2=0,546; ORQ4=0,592) showed a decreased risk. BMI ten years ago (OR=1,079; OROverweight=1,491; ORObese=2,260) identified as a risk factor. To work in sedentary (OR=0,975; OR>15 years=0,517) or physically medium heavy (OR=0,977; OR6-10 years=0,497; OR>15 years=0,565) occupations indicated a decreased risk.

    Conclusions: Several dietary patterns has been identified as risk factors, this also includes BMI ten years ago. The dietary pattern “Food based on grain and cheese” and to work in sedentary or physically medium heavy occupations proved to be protective factors.

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