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  • 1.
    Baigi, Amir
    et al.
    FoU-enheten, Primärvården Halland.
    Bergh, Håkan
    FoU-enheten, Primärvården Halland.
    Haraldsson, Katarina
    FoU-enheten, Primärvården Halland.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Lydell, Marie
    FoU-enheten, Primärvården Halland.
    Månsson, Jörgen
    FoU-enheten, Primärvården Halland.
    Wendt, Eva
    FoU-enheten, Primärvården Halland.
    Hälsa på lika villkor? Hallands resultat från en nationell folkhälsoenkät2005Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    N/A

  • 2.
    Bittlingmayer, Uwe H.
    et al.
    Freiburg University of Education, Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany.
    Harsch, Stephanie
    Freiburg University of Education, Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany.
    Hertting, Krister
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Kostenius, Catrine
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Lydell, Marie
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Pelters, Pelle
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Health Promotion of Refugees – Empirical Evidence from Approaches in two European Countries2019Inngår i: 9th Nordic Health Promotion Research Conference: June 12 - 14 2019 at Roskilde University. Book of abstracts, 2019, s. 39-40Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The migration of many people to European countries in the last years created various challenges and evoked diverse responses. But rarely, lessons learned and good practice for health promotion interventions are exchanged between countries nor common solutions sought. In this workshop, we will shed light on the health situations of refugees in Sweden and Germany, and present four research projects regarding the health of refugees.

    Initially, we will outline the situation for refugees in the two countries generally, provide ample evidence on the health needs and particular burden of refugees, and discuss the increasing influence of racism. Finally, we will discuss the issue health promotion of refugees, needs, approaches, limitations.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3.
    Bykachev, Kirsi
    et al.
    University of Eastern Finland.
    Tossavainen, Kerttu
    University of Eastern Finland.
    Kumpulainen, Kirsti
    University of Eastern Finland.
    Kostenius, Catrine
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Gard, Gunvor
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Lindgren, Eva
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Wilson, Philip
    University of Aberdeen.
    Bjørvig, Siri
    University Hospital of North Norway.
    Borgen, Morten
    University Hospital of North Norway.
    Multi-professional collaboration and consultation: Improving child and adolescent psychiatry with eHealth2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 4.
    Bykachev, Kirsi
    et al.
    University of Eastern Finland.
    Tossavainen, Kerttu
    University of Eastern Finland.
    Kumpulainen, Kirsti
    University of Eastern Finland.
    Wilson, Philip
    University of Aberdeen.
    Kostenius, Catrine
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Gard, Gunvor
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Lindgren, Eva
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Bjørvig, Siri
    University Hospital of North Norway.
    Borgen, Morten
    University Hospital of North Norway.
    Improving psychiatry services for children and adolescents with eHealth in peripheral areas2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 5.
    Dohlsten, John
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Caring as sustainable coaching in elite athletics: benefits and challenges2020Inngår i: Sport Coaching Review, ISSN 2164-0629, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 48-70Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Coaches in elite sport must ensure a balance between performance, high pressure and well-being. A caring approach, based on a coach’s commitment to caring for athletes, has the potential to create such a balance and sustainability. The aim of this study was to identify coaches’ caring and problematise their ethics of care in relation to sustainability. We draw on and integrate the theoretical concept of caring into a conception of (un-) sustainable sport. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with seven Swedish elite athletics coaches. Results show that coaches’ ethics of care is important for creating sustainable elite athletics practices, but that caring also conflicts with sustainability thinking if coaches do not base their actions on practical wisdom and moral and ethical dilemmas.

  • 6.
    Eriksson, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Baigi, Amir
    Primary Health Care Research and Development, Council Halland, Falkenberg, SwedenPrimary Health Care Research and Development, Council Halland, Falkenberg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Ambition of a perfect body: a risk factor of body dissatisfaction2009Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Download (pdf)
    SUMMARY01
  • 7.
    Eriksson, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Baigi, Amir
    Primary Health Care Research and Development, Halland County Council, Falkenberg.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Ett generellt skolbaserat hälsopromotivt program: en studie om skolungdomars mat- och rörelsevanor, tilltro till egen förmåga och syn på kroppsligt utseende2010Inngår i: Aktuell beteende- och samhällsvetenskaplig idrottsforskning, ISSN 0284-4672, s. 54-80Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a one year case study of a programme promoting physical activity and healthy eating habits in a secondary school. The aim was to describe and evaluate a school-based health promoting programme on interest in and participation in physical education (PE), eating habits and physical exercise habits, Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance and self-efficacy for boys and girls before and after the programme. One hundred and sixty-four participants completed questionnaires in December 2007 and December 2008. The results showed increased interest and active participation in PE in girls and an opposite among boys at the post-test. Fewer boys reported regular eating habits after the programme. Girls scored higher on the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire subdomain awareness of a slimness ideal, and boys on the subdomain awareness of a muscular body as well as on the subdomain muscular appearance at the post-test. The results from this study cannot be generalized. Instead, the findings can be used for future research and to develop school-based health promotion programs. Conclusions and implications are discussed in the article.

  • 8.
    Eriksson, Linn
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Baigi, Amir
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Marklund, Bertil
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Obsession with diet among fitness center participants in relation to body ideal and social physique anxiety2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Several studies indicate that women are more likely than men to exercise for appearancerelated reasons, but today, even men have become more concerned about how they look. Exercise and/or diets are sometimes used in an attempt to develop a more attractive physique. Strict diets such as an obsession with healthy food, sometimes termed orthorexia nervosa (ON), are controversial and have been questioned by researchers. This study investigates how scores on the Social Physique Anxiety Scale (SPAS) and the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ) relate to Bratman’s orthorexia test (BOT) scores with regard to age, sex, and self-reported exercise frequency and duration. The fitness participants (n=251, 166 women and 85 men, 21% dropout) were consecutively selected from five fitness centers in Sweden. They completed the BOT, SPAS, SATAQ, and a questionnaire focusing on exercise frequency and duration. Multiple stepwise regression analysis was used and the significance level set at 5%. In men, the results indicated that the SATAQ subdomain internalization could itself explain the variation in BOT results. In women, the results demonstrated that exercise frequency, in combination with the SPAS score and the SATAQ subdomains of internalization and awareness, could explain the variation in BOT results. Internalization of a slimness ideal (for women) and a muscular body (for men) can be a risk factor for obsession with diet. In the same way, higher exercise frequency, a higher level of social physique anxiety and awareness of Western body ideals seem to be predictors of obsession with diet among women. It is possible that the fitness center environment emphasizes a body ideal that leads to an increased obsession with diet. On the other hand, it may be that people who are aware of the body ideal and are obsessed with diet are the ones who engage in fitness center activities.

  • 9.
    Eriksson, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Baigi, Amir
    Primary Health Care Research and Development, Council Halland, Falkenberg, Sweden.
    Marklund, Bertil
    Primary Health Care Research and Development, Council Halland, Falkenberg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Social physique anxiety and sociocultural attitudes toward appearance impact on orthorexia test in fitness participants2008Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 18, nr 3, s. 389-394Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates how scores on the Social Physique Anxiety Scale (SPAS) and the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ) relate to Bratman's orthorexia test (BOT) scores with regard to age, sex, and self-reported exercise frequency and duration in a sample of Swedish participants in fitness center activities. A total of 251 participants (166 women and 85 men) completed the SPAS, the SATAQ, and a questionnaire focusing on exercise frequency and duration. The results indicated that the SATAQ subdomain internalization could itself explain the variation in BOT results. In women, the results indicated that exercise frequency, followed by SPAS score and the SATAQ subdomains internalization and awareness, could together explain the variation in BOT results. Fitness centers could make a point of emphasizing that some physical ideals are neither healthy nor realistic, thus strengthening member self-image and preventing social physique anxiety, eating disorders, and negative attitudes toward appearance.

  • 10.
    Eriksson, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Marklund, Bertil
    Primary Health Care Research and Development, Council Halland, Falkenberg, Sweden.
    Baigi, Amir
    Primary Health Care Research and Development, Council Halland, Falkenberg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    On the concept of orthorexia nervosa: a rebuttal: Letter to the Editor2008Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 18, nr 3, s. 397-397Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 11.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Ivarsson, A.
    Sahlgrenska universitetssjukhuset, Göteborg.
    Jinhage, B.-M.
    Sahlgrenska universitetssjukhuset, Göteborg.
    Bolse, Kärstin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Flemme, Inger
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Sandstedt, B.
    Sahlgrenska universitetssjukhuset, Göteborg.
    Mårtensson, J.
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators and their conceptions of the life situation: a qualitative analysis2000Inngår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 37-45Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) is today widely used for the treatment of sudden cardiac near-death episodes as a result of malignant ventricular dysrhythmia.After examining the literature, only four descriptive studies, all carried out in the USA, with a qualitative analysis based on ICD-patients' own perspectives on their life situation have been found.The aim of this study was to describe how patients living with an ICD-device in south-western Sweden conceive their life situation.As the focus was on patients' conceptions seen from a holistic perspective, an analysis inspired by phenomenography was employed on a strategic sample of 15 ICD-patients.Six categories emerged: a feeling of safety, a feeling of gratitude, a feeling of being, having a network, having a belief in the future, and gaining awareness.Although the findings cannot be generalized because of the descriptive research design, they illuminate the beneficial as well as intrusive effects of such a device, and emphasize the need for support groups for patients and families as well as further education for personnel in hospital and primary health care.

  • 12.
    Fröberg, Andreas
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Jonsson, Linus
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Berg, Christina
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Korp, Peter
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindwall, Magnus
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Raustorp, Anders
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden & Department of Sport Science, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Larsson, Christel
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Effects of an Empowerment-Based Health-Promotion School Intervention on Physical Activity and Sedentary Time among Adolescents in a Multicultural Area2018Inngår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 15, nr 11, artikkel-id 2542Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Physical activity (PA) decreases with age, and interventions are needed to promote PA during adolescence, especially, among those in low-socioeconomic status (SES) areas. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a two-year, empowerment-based health-promotion school intervention had any effects on changes in (a) moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA), (b) sedentary time (SED), (c) exercise training (ET) frequency, and (d) ET duration, among adolescents. Participants (aged 12⁻13 years at baseline) from one intervention school and two control schools, were recruited from a multicultural area of Sweden, characterized by low-SES. During the course of the two-year intervention, a total of 135 participants (43% boys) were included in the study. The intervention was developed and implemented as a result of cooperation and shared decision-making among the researchers and the participants. MVPA and SED were measured with accelerometers, and ET frequency and duration was self-reported at the beginning of the seventh, eighth, and ninth grade, respectively. There were no significant effects of the two-year, empowerment-based health-promotion school intervention on changes in the accelerometer-measured MVPA and SED, or the self-reported ET frequency and duration, among the adolescents. Overall, the intervention was unsuccessful at promoting PA and reducing SED. Several possible explanations for the intervention's lack of effects are discussed.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 13.
    Grill, Christina
    et al.
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Institute of Medicine at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ahlborg, Gunnar
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Institute of Medicine at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Valuation and handling of dialogue in leadership: a grounded theory study in Swedish hospitals2011Inngår i: Journal of Health Organisation & Management, ISSN 1477-7266, E-ISSN 1758-7247, Vol. 25, nr 1, s. 34-54Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:

    Leadership can positively affect the work environment and health. Communication and dialogue are an important part in leadership. Studies of how dialogue is valued and handled in first-line leadership have not so far been found. The aim of this study is to develop a theoretical understanding of how first-line leaders at hospitals in western Sweden value and handle dialogue in the organisation.

    Design/methodology/approach:

    The study design was explorative and based on grounded theory. Data collection consisted of interviews and observations. A total of 11 first-line leaders at two hospitals in western Sweden were chosen as informants, and for four of them observation was also used.

    Findings:

    One core category emerged in the analysis: leaders' communicative actions, which could be strategically or understanding-oriented, and experienced as equal or unequal and performed equitably or inequitably, within a power relationship. Four different types of communicative actions emerged: collaborative, nurturing, controlling, and confrontational. Leaders had strategies for creating arenas and relationships for dialogue, but dialogue could be constrained by external circumstances or ignorance of the frameworks needed to conduct and accomplish dialogue.

    Practical implications:

    First-line leaders should be offered guidance in understanding the consequences of consciously choosing and strengthening the communication component in leadership.

    Originality/value:

    The positive valuation of dialogue was not always manifest in practical action. One significant consequence of not using dialogue was that information with impact on organisational efficiency and finances was communicated upwards in the management system. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  • 14.
    Haraldsson, Katarina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS).
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Baigi, Aamir
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Lydell, Marie C.
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Marklund, B.
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Evaluation of a school-based adolescent health promotion programme with focus on well-being related to stress2008Inngår i: Proc. European Conference on Public Health: ”Health and innovation in Europe”, Centro Congressos de Lisboa 5-8 November 2008, 2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 15.
    Haraldsson, Katarina
    et al.
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Baigi, Amir
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Lydell, Marie C.
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Marklund, Bertil
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Evaluation of a school-based health promotion programme for adolescents aged 12-15 years with focus on well-being related to stress2008Inngår i: Public Health, ISSN 0033-3506, E-ISSN 1476-5616, Vol. 122, nr 1, s. 25-33Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate a school-based adolescent health promotion programme with focus on well-being related to stress.

    Study design: Interventional and evaluative with tests before and after the intervention. The study was performed in two secondary schools in a town on the west coast of Sweden.

    Methods: A health promotion programme comprising massage and mental training was implemented for a single academic year in one school (intervention school, 153 participants) in order to strengthen and maintain well-being. No intervention was implemented in the other school (non-intervention school, 287 participants). A questionnaire was developed and tested, resulting in 23 items distributed across the following six areas: self-reliance; leisure time; being an outsider; general and home satisfaction; school satisfaction; and school environment.

    Results: A pre- and postintervention comparison of the six areas was made within each school. In the intervention school, the boys maintained a very good or good sense of well-being related to stress in all six areas, while the girls’ sense of well-being was maintained in five areas and deteriorated in one area. In the non-intervention school, the boys maintained a very good or good sense of well-being related to stress in four areas and deteriorated in two areas, while the girls’ sense of well-being was maintained in two areas and deteriorated in four areas.

    Conclusion: Massage and mental training helped to maintain adolescents’ very good or good sense of well-being related to stress. A questionnaire with acceptable validity and reliability was developed and tested in order to evaluate the health promotional approach. However, there is a need for further study to develop both the intervention and the questionnaire for young people.

  • 16.
    Haraldsson, Katarina
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Hildingh, Cathrine
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Marklund, Bertil
    Sahlgrenska School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden .
    What makes the everyday life of Swedish adolescent girls less stressful: a qualitative analysis2010Inngår i: Health Promotion International, ISSN 0957-4824, E-ISSN 1460-2245, Vol. 25, nr 2, s. 192-199Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Stress is a widespread phenomenon in society today, not least among children and adolescents. Stress-related ill-health has increased in this population and affects girls to a greater extent than boys. Against this background, it is important to acquire knowledge about measures that prevent stress, especially in girls. The aim of this study was therefore to illuminate adolescent girls' experiences and reflections about what makes everyday life less stressful. An explorative design, qualitative content analysis, was used. In-depth interviews were conducted with fifteen 17-year-old girls. The analysis comprised both manifest and latent content and revealed the girls' own experiences of and reflections about what makes everyday life less stressful. Three categories, 'Enjoyment and Recovery', 'Trust' and 'Insight and Influence', and nine subcategories emerged. The latent content of these categories is described by the theme 'access to sources of strength'. It is essential that persons in the girls' surroundings are aware of all sources that provide the strength to resist and prevent stress in everyday life. A climate has to be created in all arenas of the girls' everyday life in which they can access these sources of strength. Utilizing the girls' experiences and views about what needs to be done is the first step towards a preventive and promotive mode of working on their own circumstances and wishes. This approach is consistent with the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, which emphasizes the importance of involving the target group.

  • 17.
    Haraldsson, Katarina
    et al.
    Research and Development Unit, General Practice and Public Health, Halland County Council, Falkenberg.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Mattsson, Bengt
    Sahlgrenska School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Göteborg University.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Sahlgrenska School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Göteborg University.
    Marklund, Bertil
    Research and Development Unit, General Practice and Public Health, Halland County Council, Falkenberg.
    Adolescent Girls' Experiences of Underlying Social Processes Triggering Stress in Their Everyday Life: A grounded theory study2011Inngår i: Stress and Health, ISSN 1532-3005, E-ISSN 1532-2998, Vol. 27, nr 2, s. E61-E70Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to generate a theoretical model of underlying social processes that trigger stress in adolescent girls’ everyday life. In-depth interviews regarding the experiences of stress at home, school and during leisure time were conducted with 14 17-year-old schoolgirls. Data were analysed by means of the grounded theory method. Stress was triggered in the interaction between responsibility and the way in which the girls were encountered. Triggered emotional reactions took the form of four dimensions of stress included ambivalence, frustration, despair and downheartedness. These reactions were dependent on whether the girls voluntary assumed responsibility for various situations or whether they were forced, or felt they were being forced, to assume responsibility in interaction with an encounter characterized by closeness or distance. These forms of stress reactions could appear in one dimension and subsequently shift to another. From the public health perspective, the generated stress model can be used in the planning and implementation of future actions to prevent stress and promote well-being related to stress in adolescent girls.

  • 18.
    Holmberg, Christopher
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Larsson, Christel
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Korp, Peter
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Jonsson, Linus
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Fröberg, Andreas
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Chaplin, John E
    Department of Pediatrics, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden & Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Berg, Christina
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Empowering aspects for healthy food and physical activity habits: adolescents’ experiences of a school-based intervention in a disadvantaged urban community2018Inngår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 13, nr sup1: Equal Health, artikkel-id 1487759Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:

    This study aimed to describe adolescents’ experiences of participating in a health-promoting school-based intervention regarding food and physical activity, with a focus on empowering aspects. 

    Method:

    The school was located in a urban disadvantaged community in Sweden, characterized by poorer self-reported health and lower life expectancy than the municipality average. Focus group interviews with adolescents (29 girls, 20 boys, 14–15 years) and their teachers (n = 4) were conducted two years after intervention. Data were categorized using qualitative content analysis. 

    Results: 

    A theme was generated, intersecting with all the categories: Gaining control over one’s health: deciding, trying, and practicing together, in new ways, using reflective tools. The adolescents appreciated influencing the components of the intervention and collaborating with peers in active learning activities such as practicing sports and preparing meals. They also reported acquiring new health information, that trying new activities was inspiring, and the use of pedometers and photo-food diaries helped them reflect on their health behaviours. The adolescents’ experiences were also echoed by their teachers. 

    Conclusions: 

    To facilitate empowerment and stimulate learning, health-promotion interventions targeting adolescents could enable active learning activities in groups, by using visualizing tools to facilitate self-reflection, and allowing adolescents to influence intervention activities.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 19.
    Håman, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker Ruchti, Natalie
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Patriksson, Göran
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Orthorexia nervosa: An integrative literature review of a lifestyle syndrome2015Inngår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 10, artikkel-id 26799Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Bratman first proposed orthorexia nervosa in the late 1990s, defining it an obsession with eating healthy food to achieve, for instance, improved health. Today, in the Swedish media, excessive exercising plays a central role in relation to orthorexia. A few review articles on orthorexia have been conducted; however, these have not focused on aspects of food and eating, sport, exercise, or a societal perspective. The overall aim of this study was to provide an overview and synthesis of what philosophies of science approaches form the current academic framework of orthorexia. Key questions were: What aspects of food and eating are related to orthorexia? What role do exercise and sports play in relation to orthorexia? In what ways are orthorexia contextualized? Consequently, the concept of healthism was used to discuss and contextualize orthorexia. The method used was an integrative literature review; the material covered 19 empirical and theoretical articles published in peer-reviewed journals. This review demonstrates a multifaceted nature of orthorexia research; this field has been examined from four different philosophies of science approaches (i.e., empirical-atomistic, empirical-atomistic with elements of empirical-holistic, empirical-holistic, and rational-holistic) on individual, social, and societal levels. The majority of the articles followed an empirical-atomistic approach that focused on orthorexia as an individual issue, which was discussed using healthism. Our analysis indicates a need for (a) more empirical-holistic research that applies interpretive qualitative methods and uses a social perspective of health, e.g., healthism and (b) examining the role of sports and exercise in relation to orthorexia that takes the problematizing of “orthorexic behaviours” within the sports context into account.

  • 20.
    Håman, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Patriksson, Göran
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Orthorexia is framed as exercise dependence in Swedish daily newspapers2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 21.
    Håman, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Patriksson, Göran
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The framing of orthorexia nervosa in Swedish daily newspapers: A longitudinal qualitative content analysis2016Inngår i: Scandinavian Sport Studies Forum, ISSN 2000-088X, E-ISSN 2000-088X, Vol. 7, s. 27-46Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explored and elucidated how orthorexia is framed in Swedish daily newspapers with a focus on characteristics of orthorexia. Key questions include: 1) how do the newspaper articles connect exercise with orthorexia? and 2) what trends in depicting exercise in relation to orthorexia do the newspaper articles represent over time? The method used was a longitudinal qualitative content analysis guided by the framing theory. We analyzed 166 articles published between 1998 and 2013. Our analysis revealed that orthorexia originally was framed as an eating disorder and subsequently included unhealthy exercise. Two trend shifts could be identified: in 2004, exercise was added as an element and in 2013 extreme exercise trends were described to influence the increase of orthorexia. The findings indicate that Swedish newspapers extend Bratman’s definition and depict orthorexia indiscriminately to describe a range of different behavioral characteristics. These results are discussed in terms of the idea of “healthism” and general health trends in society.

  • 22.
    Håman, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott. University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Prell, Hillevi
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    “If it’s not Iron it’s Iron f*cking biggest Ironman”: personal trainers’s views on health norms, orthorexia and deviant behaviours2017Inngår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 12, nr Suppl. 2, artikkel-id 1364602Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Orthorexia nervosa (ON) describes a pathological obsession with healthy eating to avoid ill health. In the Swedish context, ON is also understood in terms of unhealthy exercise. Fitness gyms are popular health-promoting places, but exercise-related problems, disordered eating and ON-like behaviour are increasing. Personal trainers (PTs) play an important role in detecting unhealthy behaviours. The aim of the present study was to illuminate PTs’ understandings of healthy and unhealthy exercise and eating behaviours in relation to orthorexia nervosa in a fitness gym context. Five focus groups with 14 PTs were conducted. These were analysed using interpretative qualitative content analysis and Becker’s model “Kinds of Deviance.” In contrast to PTs’ health norms (practicing balanced behaviours and contributing to well-being), ON was expressed mainly in terms of exercise behaviour and as being excessive and in total control. The PTs maintain that extreme behaviours are legitimized by an aggressive exercise trend in society and that they fear to falsely accuse clients of being pathological. Certain sport contexts (bodybuilding, fitness competitions and elite sports) and specific groups (fitness professionals) contribute to complicating PTs’ negotiations due to a competition, performance and/or profession norm, making it difficult to determine whether or not to intervene. © 2017 The Author(s)

  • 23.
    Håman, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Hälsa och idrott. Department of Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Prell, Hillevi
    Department of Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The challenges in responding to unhealthy eating and exercise behaviours among clients: From personal trainers’ views2017Inngår i: Proceedings of the Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’ / [ed] Krister Hertting & Urban Johnson, Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2017, s. 57-58Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 24.
    Håman, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Lundin, Ida
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, POBox 300, SE-405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    ”Appearance, that’s the only thing that matters” Personal trainers’ negotiations of valued bodies in a gym context2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 25.
    Håman, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Prell, Hillevi
    Department of Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Personal trainer´s health advice to clients in the fitness gym2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Fitness gyms have become popular places for physical activity. Several individuals exercise at gyms and an increasing number hire a personal trainer (PT). PTs have an important role in offering advice and exercise programs as well as detecting unhealthy behaviors among their clients. Norms regarding exercise habits in the gyms appear to be strongly gendered, which may influence PTs’ advice. The purpose of this presentation is to describe PTs’ health advice to clients. In total, 19 PTs, nine women and ten men, aged 23 – 47 years were recruited through purposive sampling. An explorative design was employed and seven focus group discussions were carried out. These were analyzed using a qualitative content analysis guided by a gender perspective. The findings suggest that PTs had a gendered health advice approach towards women regarding exercise and diet. The PTs gave reactive health advice especially to women showing unhealthy exercise and eating behaviors in order to correct these unhealthy behaviors. The specific advice involved a) eating more and exercising less, b) focusing on performance rather than appearance and c) avoiding heavy weight lifting. However, the PTs avoided to advise men showing similar unhealthy training and eating behaviors. The PTs also had a transgressive health advice approach. They advised both women and men to a) adopt a relaxed attitude to exercise and diet, b) to prioritize and rationalize their exercise and diet and c) to eat a natural diet. The gendered health advice approach might give women and men different opportunities to improve their physical fitness, health and well-being. Men with unhealthy behaviors might not be supported by the PTs, which adversely can affect men's health. We recommend that gym managers and PT-educators increase their awareness about the importance of providing equal opportunities for women and men to improve their physical fitness and health.

  • 26.
    Håman (née Eriksson), Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Centrum för idrott och hälsoforskning (CIHF). Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Patriksson, Göran
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Research ethics within the study: Fitness professionals’ talk of health and orthorexia nervosa2014Inngår i: 4th International Conference on Qualitative Research in Sport & Exercise, 2014, s. 37-37Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Fitness center activities have gained popularity. One central role fitness staff members have is to help participants to become or maintain health and fitness. In recent years, a new phenomenon – orthorexia nervosa, which M.D. Bratman coined in the late 1990s – has emerged. He termed orthorexia as "a fixation on eating healthy food". Research has mentioned that participants in sports and fitness activities may be at higher risk of becoming orthorexic. Since the late 1990s, orthorexia has been noticed, also in Swedish newspaper articles. In so doing, the 'condition' has evolved to include fanatic exercise and eating behaviours. Fitness professionals might thus work with individuals that are considered to suffering from orthorexia. The purpose of this presentation is to elucidate and problematize ethical issues that are raised during the research that deals with personal trainers and group fitness instructors talk of health and orthorexia. The material will consist of four focus groups with 18 fitness professionals that work in Swedish fitness centers. It will be carried out as a qualitative study. This study raises ethical issues, including for instance: a) by focusing and giving attention to orthorexia, the study may contribute to categorizing "the problem", as well as enlarge it. This paradoxical situation as the aim is to contribute scientific knowledge that can problematize orthorexia; b) the challenge to manage and balance a critical approach without causing harm (e.g. introduce orthorexia to fitness professionals who might have an erroneous perspective of and/or have little knowledge about orthorexia) (cf. Halse & Honey, 2005).

  • 27.
    Håman (née Eriksson), Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Centrum för idrott och hälsoforskning (CIHF). University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Patriksson, Göran
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Disordered eating outside the sport setting: Contextualizing representations of orthorexia nervosa in Swedish daily newspapers2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the late 1990s, Bratman coined the term orthorexia nervosa to mean an unhealthy obsession of only eating healthy foods (Bratman & Knight, 2000). The research is limited and orthorexia has rarely been researched in sport settings (e.g. Eriksson et al., 2008; Segura-García et al., 2012). At this stage, this concept is considered under establishment and negotiation – a process of formation where it is not clear what orthorexia is. How orthorexia is contextualized and represented influences the establishment and understanding of the condition and concept. The aim of this study is to analyze representations of orthorexia in articles printed in Swedish newspapers, with a special view on how the articles refer to sport as a social setting. Notions of healthy and disordered eating are influenced by cultural ideas in society. The language is central in this process as it creates and organizes beliefs about social reality. Perceptions and knowledge about orthorexia are created through, for example, newspaper texts. The material included in this study was limited to national, regional and local Swedish daily newspaper articles published between January 2004 and June 2011. A total of 102 articles were included as they explicitly dealt with orthorexia. The articles were analyzed using a discourse analytical approach through a qualitative content analysis. The articles represented orthorexia in different ways: a) (un)controlled and obsessive patterns of behavior; b) sacrificing social situations; c) an eating disorder in new clothes; d) a painful existence; and e) an invisible problem. Within the last category, the way orthorexia is represented in relation to sport points to how different norms and values apply in and outside this setting. Orthorexia is only considered as disordered eating in non-sport settings. In sport, orthorexic behaviours are considered standard practice. These findings thus further problematize disordered eating in and outside sport settings.

  • 28.
    Håman (née Eriksson), Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI), Centrum för idrott och hälsoforskning (CIHF). Institutionen för kost- och idrottsvetenskap, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Patriksson, Göran
    Institutionen för kost- och idrottsvetenskap, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    Institutionen för kost- och idrottsvetenskap, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Institutionen för kost- och idrottsvetenskap, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    “Men do not want to be associated with medical conditions that are perceived women-only issues”: gendered constructions of orthorexia nervosa in Swedish daily newspapers2012Inngår i: Perspektiv på idrottens prestationssystem – från debut till avslut: Abstracts: SVEBI 2012, 2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 29.
    Jonsson, Linus
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Berg, Christina
    Department of Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Larsson, Christel
    Department of Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Korp, Peter
    Department of Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Facilitators of Physical Activity: Voices of Adolescents in a Disadvantaged Community2017Inngår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 14, nr 8, artikkel-id 839Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite increasing socioeconomic inequalities in the health and well-being of adolescents, the voices of adolescents in disadvantaged communities regarding facilitators of physical activity (PA) have received relatively little attention. In response, the purpose of this study was to illuminate what adolescents in a multicultural community of low socioeconomic status (SES) in Sweden convey concerning facilitators of PA. Adolescents (n = 53, aged 12–13 years) were recruited from a school in a multicultural community of low SES in Sweden. Following an interpretive approach, 10 focus group interviews were conducted to produce data for a qualitative content analysis. When the adolescents mentioned PA, they mostly referred to spontaneous PA rather than organized PA, and expressed that they enjoyed their PA engagement, which they stated was promoted by the variation of PA, available options for PA, their physical skills, and the presence of peers. They reported that social support from family and friends facilitated their PA, and they offered several suggestions regarding how the school environment could better support their PA. From the perspective of self-determination theory (SDT), the results stress the importance of facilitating intrinsic motivation with a supportive PA environment in which adolescents can satisfy their needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness. © 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland

  • 30.
    Jonsson, Linus
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Fröberg, Andreas
    Department of Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Korp, Peter
    Department of Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Larsson, Christel
    Department of Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Berg, Christina
    Department of Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Department of Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Possibilities and Challenges in Developing and Implementing an Empowerment-based School-Intervention in a Swedish Disadvantaged Community2019Inngår i: Health Promotion International, ISSN 0957-4824, E-ISSN 1460-2245, artikkel-id daz021Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we describe and critically reflect on the possibilities and challenges of developing and implementing an empowerment-based school intervention regarding healthy food and physical activity (PA), involving participants from a Swedish multicultural area characterized by low socioeconomic status. The 2-year intervention was continually developed and implemented, as a result of cooperation and shared decision making among researchers and the participants. All 54 participants were seventh graders, and the intervention comprised health coaching, health promotion sessions and a Facebook group. We experienced that participants valued collaborating with peers, and that they took responsibility in codeveloping and implementing the intervention. Participants expressed feeling listened to, being treated with respect and taken seriously. However, we also experienced a number of barriers that challenged our initial intentions of aiding participation and ambition to support empowerment. Moreover, it was challenging to use structured group health coaching and to work with goal-setting in groups of participants with shared, and sometimes competing, goals, wishes and needs related to food and PA. Successful experiences from this intervention was the importance of acquiring a broad and deep understanding of the context and participants, being open to negotiating, as well as adjusting the intervention. © The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

  • 31.
    Jonsson, Linus
    et al.
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Food & Nutr & Sport Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Larsson, Christel
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Food & Nutr & Sport Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Berg, Christina
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Food & Nutr & Sport Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Korp, Peter
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Food & Nutr & Sport Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI). Univ Gothenburg, Dept Food & Nutr & Sport Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    What undermines healthy habits with regard to physical activity and food?: Voices of adolescents in a disadvantaged community2017Inngår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 12, artikkel-id 1333901Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to illuminate factors that undermine the healthy habits of adolescents from a multicultural community with low socioeconomic status (S.E.S.) in Sweden with regard to physical activity (P.A.) and food, as stated in their own voices. Adolescents (n = 53, 12–13 y/o) were recruited from one school situated in a multicultural community characterized by low S. E.S. Embracing an interpretive approach, 10 focus-group interviews were conducted to produce data for the study. The focus-group interviews were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analysed using qualitative content analysis. The analysis resulted in two major themes: (1) the availability of temptations is large, and support from the surroundings is limited; and (2) norms and demands set the agenda. The adolescents’ voices illuminate a profound awareness and the magnitude of tempting screen-based activities as undermining their P.A. and healthy food habits. Moreover, several gender boundaries were highlighted as undermining girls’ P.A. and healthy food habits. The adolescents’ stories illuminated that it is difficult for them, within their environment, to establish healthy habits with regard to P.A. and food. To facilitate the adolescents’ healthy habits, we suggest that support from family, friends, the school, and society at large is essential.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 32.
    Karlsson, Jan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Winroth, Jan
    Högskolan Väst, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Bremander, Ann
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Rydberglaboratoriet för tillämpad naturvetenskap (RLAS).
    Haglund, Emma
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Rydberglaboratoriet för tillämpad naturvetenskap (RLAS).
    Holmquist, Mats
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Lydell, Marie
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Staland Nyman, Carin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    Förändringsledarskap vid digital transformation inom vård och omsorg: En sammanfattande rapport från kompetensutvecklingsprojektet ”Trygg motivation och inspiration” i Kungsbacka kommun 20182018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 33.
    Kittelman-Flensner, Karin
    et al.
    Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, University West, Vänersborg, Sweden.
    Korp, Peter
    Department Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    Department Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    "Everyone can play football no matter where they come from": Discourses in open sport activities for newly arrived children and teenagers2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent international crises has brought about the largest movements of refugees since World War II. There is a need for constructive strategies to manage the challenges the comprehensive migration imposes on society's ability to integrate new residents. Research highlights the central role of civil society organizations to create trust, social networks and civic engagement, i.e. basic conditions for a democratic society (Putnam, 2013; Wijkström, 2012). International research also shows that civil society organizations and the voluntary sector can have a compensating function for economically and socially disadvantaged groups (Field, 2005; Portes & Rumbaut; Zhou & Kim, 2006). Many of these organizations have an ambition to welcome newcomers and offer a social milieu and a meaningful leisure time. Sports are often considered as contributing to the inclusion in society of marginalized groups (Misener & Mason, 2006; Schulenkorf & Edwards, 2012). There is a well-established notion that participation in sports promotes positive identity construction, social inclusion and education for democratic citizenship (cf. Donnelly & Coakley, 2002). However, there is little scientific evidence that sport has the potential to fulfill this role,

    In Sweden a strong emphasis has been put on the role of sports clubs to actively strengthen democratic values and equality. Different governments have provided extensive funding for this purpose, but also for the purpose of including children and youth independent of who they are and were they come from. However, there is little scientific evidence that sport clubs and their activities has the potential to fulfill this role in the community and there is very little systematically developed knowledge of how sporting activities and programs should be designed to achieve positive social outcomes (Rich, Misener & Dubeau, 2015). It is the leaders in the clubs that have the challenging task of ensuring that the objective of developing democratic values, equality, inclusion and well-being come true. Therefore it is important to examine how they understand and translate such normative goals into action.

    The overall aim of the study is to explore the ways in which a sport club, in the context of open sport activities, are working with and potentially promoting values such as intercultural understanding, inclusion and equality among young people, of which a significant part are new arrivals in Sweden.  Research questions focused in this presentation are:

    • How are the open sports activities  organized, and what are their stated purposes?
    • What kind of discourses and practices dominate among the leaders of the open sport activities?

    The sport club studied has since 2010 worked actively with various social projects aiming to promote intercultural understanding, inclusion, gender equality, counteract effects of social and economic segregation and increase young people's agency. The club is a football club which conducts organized football training for children and young people but have also "open sports activities" which is free of charge and requires no registration. Every other Friday arrange the sport club Sporty Friday” where they offer young people the opportunity to try basketball, football, table tennis, boxing, martial arts, wrestling and fencing. They also offer open football for both boys and girls and every week they engage 100-300 children and teenagers. These activities are financially supported by the municipality and are the focus of this research project.

  • 34.
    Kostenius, Catrine
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Gabrielsson, Sebastian
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Lindgren, Eva
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Promoting Mental Health in School—Young People from Scotland and Sweden Sharing Their Perspectives2019Inngår i: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, ISSN 1557-1874, E-ISSN 1557-1882Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The rate of mental ill health has increased among children and youth during the past decade in Scotland and Sweden. School is important in influencing both health and education. The starting point for health promotion in school involves those who are affected, the students. The aim of this study was to describe and understand how mental health can be promoted in school from the perspective of young people. A total of 14 Scottish and Swedish young people aged 15–21, 11 girls and 3 boys from 3 municipalities, participated in 4 focus groups. The phenomenological analysis resulted in one main theme: Everyone is being there for each other encompassing three themes without any relative order of precedence: being in a safe, inclusive, and well-informed space; meeting adults who are available, listening, and taking action; and feeling significant and being of significance to others. Based on these findings, we suggest the following aspects to be essential when aiming to promote mental health in schools: (1) value and appreciate young people’s experiences, (2) view everyone in school regardless of age or profession to be an important piece in the mental health promotion puzzle by adopting a “whole school approach,” (3) foster a listening culture that focuses on building enabling relationships, (4) promote health and learning simultaneously to increase health literacy, (5) educate about mental health to minimize stigma and increase confidence in taking appropriate action.

  • 35.
    Kostenius, Catrine
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Gard, Gunvor
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Lindgren, Eva
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Bykachev, Kirsi
    University of Eastern Finland.
    Karppi, Jussi
    University of Eastern Finland.
    Kumpulainen, Kirsti
    University of Eastern Finland.
    Sormunen, Marjorita
    University of Eastern Finland.
    Turunen, Outi
    University of Eastern Finland.
    Turunen, Hannele
    University of Eastern Finland.
    Thompson, Lucy
    University of Aberdeen.
    Wilson, Philip
    University of Aberdeen.
    Breivik, Elin Anne
    Norwegian Centre for e-Health Research.
    Hege Fagerheim, Siv
    Norwegian Centre for e-Health Research.
    Larsen, Frank
    Norwegian Centre for e-Health Research.
    Experiences of using eHealth to improve psychiatry services for children andadolescents in peripheral areas2017Inngår i: Ninth International Congress of Arctic Social Sciences: People and Place (ICASS IX), 2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 36.
    Kostenius, Catrine
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Lindgren, Eva
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Egenmakt, jämlikhet och effektivitet: hur kan e-hälsotjänster inom barn- och ungdomspsykiatrin möta de ungas behov?2018Inngår i: BUP kongress: Moderna tider på BUP, Luleå, april 24-25, 2018, 2018Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 37.
    Lindahl Toftegaard, Eva
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för ekonomi, geografi, juridik och turism.
    Anställdas bisysslor kan innebära en risk vid upphandling2020Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vissa typer av bisysslor ökar risken för intresekonflikter och jäv. Arbetsgivare bör kontrollera anställdas bisysslor och ta tällning till om de är förenliga med anställningen. Avtal bör upprättas med konsulter för att minska risken för intressekonflikter.

  • 38.
    Lindahl Toftegaard, Eva
    Arbitration institute of the Stockholm chamber of commerce.
    Fast Track Arbitration - Meeting the Demands of the Next Millenium1998Inngår i: Journal of International Arbitration, ISSN 0255-8106, E-ISSN 2212-182X, Vol. 5, nr 3, s. 5-18Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 39.
    Lindahl Toftegaard, Eva
    Arbitration Institution of the Stockholm chamber of commerce (SCC institute).
    How do International Institutions Select Arbitrators?: Arbitration Institute of theStockholm Chamber of Commerce (SCC Institute)2000Inngår i: Journal of International Arbitration, ISSN 0255-8106, E-ISSN 2212-182X, Vol. 17, nr 3, s. 157-161Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 40.
    Lindahl Toftegaard, Eva
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för ekonomi, geografi, juridik och turism.
    Offentlig upphandling2019Inngår i: Inköp och supply chain management: Analys, strategi, planering och praktik / [ed] Arjan Van Weele, Katarina Arbin, Stockholm: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 2, , s. 22s. 155-179Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kapitel 6 i boken: Frågor om inköp omfattar även offentlig upphandling. För den offentliga sektorns köp gäller särskilda regler och upphandlingsregelverket är omfattande. Här beskrivs begreppet offentlig upphandling, principerna som ligger till grund för upphandling och olika slags upphandlinsförfarande mm. Även skillnaden mellan de svenska reglerna och EU-reglerna på området klargörs.

  • 41.
    Lindahl Toftegaard, Eva
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
    Offentlig upphandling: LOU och upphandlingsprocessen2018Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 42.
    Lindahl Toftegaard, Eva
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för ekonomi, geografi, juridik och turism.
    Offentlig upphandling: LOU och upphandlingsprocessen2020 (oppl. 2)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken ger en gedigen översikt av det regelverk och de principer som styr offentlig upphandling och bidrar till en praktisk förståelse för LOU och upphandlingsprocessen. Här behandlas frågor både före, under och efter själva upphandlingsförfarandet, inklusive kontraktsfrågor,leverantörsperspektivet och upphandlingsstrategier.Även sekretess, jäv, intressekonflikter och korruption berörs. Frågeställningarna illustreras med ett stort antal relevanta och användbara rättsfall.

  • 43.
    Lindahl Toftegaard, Eva
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
    Proposal to Establish a Public Procurement Ombudsman1997Inngår i: The Public Procurement Law Review, ISSN 0963-8245Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 44.
    Lindahl Toftegaard, Eva
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
    Se upp för intressekonflikter i upphandlingar - analys2018Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 45.
    Lindahl Toftegaard, Eva
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för ekonomi, geografi, juridik och turism.
    Svag ansvarskultur påverkar upphandlingar2019Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 46.
    Lindahl Toftegaard, Eva
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för ekonomi, geografi, juridik och turism.
    Upphandling och idéburen välfärd - analys2020Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    I utrednigen Idéburen välfärd (SOU 2019:56) behandlas frågan om vilken roll idéburna aktörer kan ha i välfärden. Utredningen lägger fram lagförslag på olika områden, bland annat upphandlingsområdet. Förslagen påverkar LOU men sträcker sig längre än så. Eva Lindahl Toftegaard, universitetsadjunkt vid Mittuniversitetet sammanfattar utredningen.

  • 47. Lindahl Toftegaard, Eva
    Val av skiljeförfarande - en jämförande översikt av den nya lagen om skiljeförfarande och Stockholms Handelskammares nya skiljedomsregler1999Inngår i: Advokaten Tidskrift för Sveriges advokatsamfund, nr 5, s. 12-14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 48.
    Lindgren, Eva
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Glappet mellan BUP och vuxenpsykiatrin2013Inngår i: Psyche, ISSN 0283-3468, nr 4, s. 18-19Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 49.
    Lindgren, Eva
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    “It’s all about survival”: Young adults’ transitions within psychiatric care from the perspective of young adults, relatives, and professionals2014Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim:The overall aim of this thesis was to explore young adults’ transitions within psychiatric care from the perspective of young adults, relatives, and professionals. Method: The thesis includes four studies (I–IV) with a qualitative approach. Data for study I were collected through focus group discussionswith professionals of child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) and general psychiatry (GenP), and analyzed using deductive content analysisbased on Meleis’s theory of transition. Data for studies II–IVwere collected from individualinterviews with young adults and relatives withexpectations and experiences of transfer from CAP to GenP (II), from young adults with experiences of care in both CAP and GenP (III), andfrom relatives with experiences of parenting young adults with mental illness (IV). The data from studies II–IV were analyzed using grounded theory(GT) as described by Corbin and Strauss.Results:The synthesis of the four studies (I–IV) resulted in a grounded theory, “Support and intrinsic motivation as prerequisites for transition and recovery,” describing young adults’ transitions within psychiatric care. The result shows that young adults with mental illness undergo multiple simultaneous transitions during transfer from CAP to GenP, and that theseinclude developmental, situational/organizational, and health/illness transitions. It was important for the young adult to achieve intrinsic motivation in order to take responsibility for healthcare matters, to continue care, and to strive for recovery. Intrinsic motivation to continue care was created by trustful, caring relationships with professionals who encountered the young adults as a person, with respect to maturity. Furthermore, the result shows the importance of inclusive attitudes towards relatives, with possibilities for them to participate in young adults’ care as well as opportunities to receive professional support for themselves, which facilitated relatives’ abilities to manage their own lives and, moreover, to continue to providesupport to young adults with mental illness.Conclusions:This thesis highlights knowledge about the multiple simultaneous transitions that young adults experience when they reach the age of 18 and have closure of their care at CAP and continue care at GenP. To facilitate these transitions and empower young adults to continue care when it is needed and to strive for recovery, professionals need to take into account the factorsthat facilitate or inhibit healthy outcomes. Transition planning in cooperation with CAP, GenP, the young adult, and his or her relatives is recommended in order to reduce uncertainty about the new situation. It is also important to take into account that young adults need continuity andsupport in order to create trustful relationships. To reduce the risk of “falling into the caring gap,” individual assessments about young adults’ needs,intrinsic motivation to receive care, and access to support from relatives should be implemented in the transition planning. If the young adultsand their relatives fail to receive the support they need, the risk for their dropping out of care is increased.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 50.
    Lindgren, Eva
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    It’s all about survival: Överflyttning från Barn- och Ungdomspsykiatrin till vuxenpsykiatrin - från unga vuxnas och närståendes perspektiv2018Inngår i: BUP kongress: Moderna tider på BUP, Luleå, april 24-25, 2018, 2018Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
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