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  • 1.
    Blomqvist, Evelina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Larsson, Camilla
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Upplevelsen av egenvård hos patienter som har ett hjärta som sviktar: En kvalitativ litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In Sweden, there are approximately 250,000 living with heart failure and the disease continues to increase worldwide. Heart failure is a chronic disease condition that today cannot be cured and is associated with morbidity and premature death. But through good adherence to self-care, the disease can become more manageable.

    Aim: The purpose was to describe the experiences of heart failure patient’s self-care.

    Method: A qualitative method with a deductive approach has been used for the literature review. A total of 10 scientific articles were reviewed according to Friberg's five-step model. All articles have been quality checked. 

     

     

    Results: Two main themes together with three subthemes were designed. Main themes were resources and support as well as understanding information. Sub-themes became social support and professional support as well as patient education. The result describes the importance of patients receiving personalized information that can be given both orally and in writing about their heart failure as well as how patients experience their self-care.

    Conclusion: Information is an important source of motivation and participation in patients' self-care. Patient education from the nurse as well as support from family and close relatives increases motivation for adherence to self-care in heart failure patients. Knowledge and understanding of the patient's inner feelings for their illness are important to have when this patient group meets in the community. The information should be provided individually and preferably with the support of close relatives.

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