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  • 1.
    Andersson, Magnus
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Kopsch, Fredrik
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    How cultural values are reflected on the housing market: direct effects and the cultural spillover2019In: International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis, ISSN 1753-8270, E-ISSN 1753-8289, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 405-423Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyse two questions. First, is there, and if so, how large is the price premium paid for a building exhibiting a cultural value? Second, are there any spillover effects of buildings with cultural values on sales prices of neighbouring houses? Design/methodology/approach: Using a unique database of all buildings in the region of Halland, Sweden, combined with transaction data, hedonic models can be estimated, with spatially lagged variables describing proximity to three classes of culturally classified building – A, B and C – corresponding to building of national interest, building of regional interest and building of local interest. In addition, the authors also estimate models with a spatial specification on the error term, in an attempt to control for omitted variables. Findings: The results indicate that cultural classification plays a role in determining the price of a property, with large effects (ranging between 36 and 60% price premiums) for the highest classification. In addition, the authors find evidence of a cultural externality, houses in the vicinity of building with high cultural value sell at a small, but statistically significant premium of 1%. Originality/value: The cultural externality may be overlooked when it comes to valuation of cultural values in society, and therefore, it is likely that warranted protection acts to preserve cultural values in buildings become less than the social optimum. This paper suggests a new measure to cultural values contrasting previous research that rely on cultural preservation. This approach should limit problems with measurement errors that may lead to biased results.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Magnus
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    32. Reflections and Conclusions2022In: The Routledge Companion to International Housing Markets / [ed] Andersson, M., Palm, P., Bohman, H., Balivet, B., Akinsomi, O., Routledge, 2022Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter learns the importance of institutions and how new institutional economics emphasizes the role of institutions for a market economy to function. It learns that traditions, particularly legal traditions, have a great impact on conveyance process. Another source of insecurity and information quality is when taxes and fees are differentiated in regard to price of the property. This gives the seller and buyer an incentive not to disclose the true sales price. The complexity of a given conveyance process determines the level of people's involvement and also the transaction costs. If it is complex from the start, this is a sign that the process will be time-consuming, costly, and hard to understand for common buyer and/or seller. The Swedish regulatory regime, where the agent has a mandatory university education comprising courses in relevant fields of law, handles the legal aspects of the transaction, and this lowers the transaction costs, as no legal counselling are involved in the process.

  • 3.
    Andersson, Magnus
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Palm, PeterMalmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Book of Proceedings 6th Malmö Real Estate Research Conference2017Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
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  • 4.
    Andersson, Magnus
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Palm, PeterMalmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).Bohman, HelenaMalmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).Balivet, BéatriceJean Moulin University Lyon 3, France.Akinsomi, OmokolaadeUniversity of the Witwatersrand, South-Africa.
    The Routledge Companion to International Housing Markets2022Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a lack of international comparative housing studies, possibly because it requires thorough knowledge of the real estate market in question. This book brings together scholars with knowledge of different national markets in order to facilitate comparisons for real estate and housing and urban studies scholars and practitioners. By studying international markets using new data as well as new analysis of existing data, the chapters in this book present insights into the institutional constraints on national housing markets. Specifically, the contributors seek to examine the role of institutional factors and their influence on transaction costs in these markets. Exhibiting a diverse range of geographical, legal, and economic perspectives, the countries are grouped together based on legal institutional similarities, and each group includes an introduction and a conclusion highlighting similarities and differences from the institutional perspective.

    The book is divided into 3 parts:

    Part I sets the theoretical context and the reasons for writing a book focusing on national housing markets.

    Part II presents national markets from the perspective of the transaction process and covers Europe, North and South America, East Asia, the Pacific, and Africa.

    Part III contains conclusions with a critical discussion on how to compare national housing markets and a reflection on future directions of housing markets in an increasingly competitive international environment.

    The Routledge Companion to International Housing Markets is essential reading for academics and professionals in housing studies, real estate, economics, and urban studies.

  • 5.
    Borgström, Benedikte
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Thynell, Amanda
    Catena AB.
    Sustainable logistics properties: Drivers, barriers, and opportunities for co-creating sustainability after certification2022In: Book of Proceedings 2022 Malmö Real Estate Research Conference / [ed] Peter Palm, 2022Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The building and construction sector accounted for 36 per cent of global energy consumption and 37 per cent of energy related CO2 emissions according to the Global Status report for Buildings and Construction 2021, and the transport sector accounted for 23 per cent of global energy consumption and 26 per cent of energy related CO2 emissions (United Nations Environment Programme, 2021). Hence the call for sustainability and sustainable development is significant for logistics properties and real estate business enact it in terms of sustainable change that ends in building-specific certifications. Certifications are multi-criteria credit systems, such as BREEAM or LEED certifications that are valuing credits within a prescribed range in multiple sustainability categories.  Logistics properties is a growing and profitable market segment that attract large investments and that pose an important societal challenge, for example, in terms of efficient e-business flows. As more logistics properties are being certified with the global certifications systems such as BREEAM and LEED it is timely to question how the certifications contribute to sustainability, and how real estate firms’ sustainability strategies can make logistics warehouse operations less harmful and actually contribute to diverse sustainability values and leverage sustainability performance.  

    The purpose of this paper is to increase knowledge of sustainable logistics properties, by research questions concerning: what are the drivers, barriers, and opportunities for sustainability after certification?

    Sustainability created by certifications are part of the sustainability transformation. Certifications are important, but sustainable development calls for an integrated achievement with others for a better society that we don’t know about but that is created in coordination with others. Co-creation is key for the sustainability transformation and that process involves investors, cross-functional within the firm, customers and customer work force, municipal actors, academia, governance of sustainability at the firm, external evaluators and certifications, and overlapping standards. Each of these opportunities of cocreating is related to sustainability drivers and barriers.  

    Theoretical implications are posed for literature on real estate business, and logistics and transport business regarding sustainable development, especially sustainable logistics properties. The abductive learning approach offers a temporary conclusion at a specific time in a flow of sustainable development, which is important to further the sustainability research frontier in these literatures.

    Practical implications are related to the journey of sustainable development, including but not ending with the certification methodology. A focus on sustainability is a change through practice in which document production (certification and its network of evaluations) have both an ostensive meaning from principles of certifications and a performative meaning through the relations between the documents and the practices and processes they relate to. Resources such as land, financing, and talent tends to center around firms that distinguish themselves as contributing to sustainability hence sustainable development is a relational task.  

  • 6.
    Håkansson, Peter Gladoic
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Society, Culture and Identity (SKI).
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    A Theoretical Framework for Housing Conveyances on National Markets2022In: The Routledge Companion to International Housing Markets / [ed] Magnus Andersson, Peter Palm, Helena Bohman, Béatrice Balivet, Omokolade Akinsomi, London: Routledge, 2022Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As the property market becomes more global, so too have certain differences between national property markets become apparent. The role of institutions has long been acknowledged within economic theory. It is safe to say that today there is a joint view among most institutionalists that institutions can be divided into those that are formal (laws, rules, etc.) and those that are informal (norms, religion, etc.). Institutions derive from historical heritage and are encapsulated and coded with information of past experiences and therefore are historically context specific. Transaction cost theory highlights how exchange is accompanied by several different costs. In conclusion, institutions involving both formal and informal activities surround the property market. However, the formal aspect of institutions is particularly important for property conveyances, as homes to a large extent have been transformed into economic concepts.

  • 7.
    Jingryd, Ola
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Grander, Martin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Sweden2022In: Ways out of the European Housing Crisis: Tenure Innovation and Diversification in Comparative Perspective / [ed] Schmidt, Christoph U., Edward Elgar Publishing, 2022, p. 301-320Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Karpestam, Peter
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Does size matter? Is there an optimal size for tenant–owner associations?2022In: Journal of European Real Estate Research, ISSN 1753-9269, E-ISSN 1753-9277, Vol. 15, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The authors investigate how prices of condominiums are affected by the size of the tenant-owner associations that they belong to.

    Design/methodology/approach – The authors use data of sold apartments in the Swedish municipality Malmö 2013–2018 and estimate hedonic price regressions. The authors also perform semi-structured interviews with three senior professionals in real estate companies.

    Findings – The authors find significantly negative relationships between the prices of condominiums and the size of tenant-owner associations. Also, regression results indicate that associations should be no smaller than 6–10 apartments. The interviews support that associations should not be too small or too big. The lower and upper limit was suggested by the respondents to 40–50 and 80–150 apartments, respectively. In these ranges, economies of scale can be achieved, and residents will not lose the sense of community and responsibility.

    Research limitations/implications – The authors do not prove causality. Smaller associations may have relatively exclusive common amenities, about which we lack data. The same relationships may not exist in different market conditions.

    Originality/value – The authors are not aware of previous studies with the same research question. The size of tenant-owner associations may affect the price through different channels. First, several of the banks in Sweden do not always grant mortgages for condominiums that belong to small associations. Second, larger associations may have better economies of scale and more efficient property management. Third, homeowners may prefer smaller tenant-owned associations, because they may feel less anonymous and provide more influence on common amenities.

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  • 9.
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Auktorisation av fastighetsvärderare: förändrade utbildnigskrav2023In: Värdering av fastigheter 2021: en antologi om nuläge och trender, Stockholm: Instant book , 2023Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kvaliteten i fastgihetsvärderingar är en viktig fråga och auktorisation är en väg att höja kvalitetn. Kapitlet beskriver utvecklingen av auktorisation av värderare, bl.a. auktorisation för olika fastihgetestyper men särskilt hur utbildningskraven för auktoirsation har formulerats om för att fungera bättre när utbildningssystemet förändrats. 

  • 10.
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Book of proceeding 8th Malmö Real Estate Research Conference2019Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
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  • 11.
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Book of Proceedings 2022 Malmö Real Estate Research Conference2022Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
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    fulltext
  • 12.
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Challenges of Commercial Real Estate Management: An analysis of the Swedish commercial real estate industry2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation consists of five papers with specific objectives. The overall objective is, however, to seek a deeper understanding of the challenges of real estate management in the commercial real estate sector. The purpose of the first two papers is to provide a mapping of the industry and a better knowledge of the main organizational strategies of the companies and their view of customer relations. The third paper looks at the possibility that the online office market is a so-called lemons market, where primarily "bad" objects are marketed. The last two papers compares companies that outsource property management and companies that has property management in house. The first of the two (paper IV) address the question of incentives for effort and the second (paper V) address information for decision-making, both however consider how the real estate owner has created incentives and regulations to ensure that they are informed. From the first paper we learn that the commercial real estate industry in Sweden already before 2004 had made a shift from a product focus towards a customer/service focus. However we could not see an increased customer focus in the annual reports during the years 2004-2008. Paper II also conclude that regardless of organisational form of management, in-house or outsourced, the executives state that the chosen form I to be able to deliver best service to the customer. In paper III a test of the online marketplace for offices in Malmö CBD was conducted to investigate if the market is a lemon market or not. Management form was one of the quality signals together with scale, existence of a local office and if the company has been involved in cases in the special court for rents (Hyresnämnden). The conclusion was that lemons hypothesis could not be rejected. The conclusions from paper IV and V pinpoints the occurrence of differences in how to build incentives for the real estate management organisation, if it is organised in-house or outsourced. As the management teams in the outsourced setting primarily is governed by the contract between the real estate owning company, and the service providing company, and there it is decided when and how they are to deliver in terms of service and information. The real estate management teams in the in-house setting instead act under a large freedom with responsibilities governing the outcome of their services and not any checklists or job-descriptions. Regardless of how the management teams are governed they do not have monetary incentives tied to their individual performance.

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  • 13.
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Closing the loop: the use of post occupancy evaluations in real estate management2008Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The real-estate sector has traditionally been thinking in terms of “bricks and mortar” focusing more on the buildings than on the tenants. A change of approach has, however, been detected since the mid 1990s. The tenant is now more in focus. This new situation puts higher requirements on both the individual real-estate manager’s and organization’s ability to determine the needs of the tenants. Evaluations and knowledge management can be a help in this process Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE) is one tool where the tenant’s perspective is in focus. The purpose of this thesis is to study the Swedish real-estate sector’s attitudes and experience of POE. Furthermore the purpose is to investigate how POE can be implemented in the organization and what barriers there are to implementation. This thesis presents three empirical studies of the real-estate sector and their use of POE. The first study is a survey sent to Swedish real-estate managers to determine their attitudes and experience of POE. This study was followed up by a more in-depth interview study to determine the attitudes regarding POE among the real-estate managers. The third study was also an interview study and it was carried out with individuals in leading positions in organizations in the real-estate sector. The aim of this study was to get a clearer view of possibilities for change and barriers to change within the real-estate sector The results show that there is an interest from the real-estate managers towards evaluations but that they rarely carry out evaluations. The main barrier detected is the lack of support from top management and this has resulted in a lack of incentives for realestate managers to work with POE. The reason for this lack of interest from the top management can be the culture of the real-estate sector, a culture which has sprung from the building sector. The conclusion is that problems will not be solved solely by implementing POE. The organisation must take care of the information, share it, learn from it and use it in the best way in current and future projects. This can only be done by implanting a knowledge management system. To enable this kind of change within the organisation the top management must underline the importance of this and at the same time give the organisation both the right tools to enable implementation and incentives to carry this out and follow it through. One way to show the importance of knowledge management, and at the same time create incentives and methods to follow up the development of the organisation is to integrate POE in the Balanced Scorecard. The conclusion is that if the top management doesn’t want the organisation to fall behind its competitors it must put knowledge management on the agenda. Sooner or later the competitors will implement evaluations and knowledge management in their organisations, and then it is only a question of time before they have built a better and stronger organisation, with better-qualified employees, that generates more efficient services and more satisfied customers.

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  • 14.
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Customer orientation in real-estate companies: The espoused values of customer relations2011In: Property Management, ISSN 0263-7472, E-ISSN 1758-731X, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 130-145Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyse how the espousing of customer relations has evolved over time in the real estate sector. Has a shift occurred within the Swedish real estate sector from product thinking towards customer thinking? Design/methodology/approach – The research is based on an analysis of 25 commercial real estate companies’ annual reports from the last five years. The annual reports are analysed through text analysis using the theoretical framework of Mintzberg’s five Ps. Findings – The Swedish real estate sector has in general made the shift from product orientation to customer orientation. There was, however, no significant change during the last five years and most of the companies espoused customer orientation already in 2004. The study implies that it is not sufficient to categorise the companies between product or customer oriented. Instead four categories are suggested: product, customer, project, and financial orientated. Customer orientation, as measured, was higher in listed companies and in larger companies. Research limitations/implications – The research in this paper is limited to the Swedish real estate sector. Originality/value – The paper shows the espoused values regarding customer relations of the commercial real estate companies that can be found in their annual reports. As the annual reports are a marketing instrument it should reflect the senior management’s core values. By highlighting how the top management’s core values regarding customer relations are espoused an understanding for the sector is built up.

  • 15.
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Fastighetsföretagande och förvaltning2018In: Fastighetsekonomi och fastighetsrätt: Fastighetsnomenklatur (13 uppl.) / [ed] Lena Borg, Peter Gottschalk, Christina Gustafsson, Peter Palm, Fastighetsnytt , 2018, p. 457-474Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Fastighetsföretagande och förvaltning har traditionellt betraktats som något statiskt och tekniskt område till att nu ha utvecklats till ett serviceområde med tydliga kundperspektiv. Hur kan vi då organisera vår förvaltning för att fastighetsföretagazdet ska kunna möta kundens efterfrågade service? Det är detta vi behandlar i kapitel Fastighetsföretagande och förvaltning

  • 16.
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Fastighetsföretagande och förvaltning2015In: Fastighetsekonomi och fastighetsrätt: fastighetsnomenklatur, Fastighetsnytt , 2015, p. 441-460Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Flerbostadshus som investeringsobjekt2020In: Dedicated to Efficiency: Festskrift för Hans Lind med anledning av hans 70-årsdag / [ed] Anna Granath Hansson och Fredrik Kopsch, LTH , 2020Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 18.
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Incentives in Swedish commercial real estate companies: the property manager function2017In: Property Management, ISSN 0263-7472, E-ISSN 1758-731X, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 150-164Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify factors on the property management level for analysing incentives for an effective property management with a focus on organising it in-house. Design/methodology/approach – This research is based on an interview study of 11 firm representatives from the Swedish commercial real estate sector with in-house property management. Findings – The study concludes that the property management organisation in the in-house setting is governed in an informalway, with a large portion of “freedomwith responsibilities” setup instead of regulations. Research limitations/implications – The research in this paper is limited to the Swedish commercial real estate sector. Practical implications – The insights into the paper regarding how decision makers create incentives for the property management organisation can provide inspiration to design incentives for effort. Originality/value – It provides an insight regarding how the commercial real estate industry prioritises different work tasks and how incentives are created to enable effort.

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  • 19.
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Information for Decision-making in In-house and Outsourced Real Estate Management Organisations2016In: Facilities, ISSN 0263-2772, E-ISSN 1758-7131, Vol. 34, no 13/14, p. 891-905Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Purpose – The aim is to examine how the real estate owner (decisionmaker) ensures being able to make informed decisions and how they differs according to organisational form. Design/methodology/approach – This research is based on an interview study of nineteen firm representatives, six decisionmakers and thirteen management representatives, all from Swedish commercial real estate sector. Findings – The study conclude that, regardless of organisational setting, the industry have a plan regarding handling information. The decisionmakers have all secured themselves access to required/desired information. How this is done and what kind of information it is however differ if the real estate management is in-house or outsourced. Furthermore a clear focus on financial and contractual information is evident in both organisational settings. Research limitations/implications – The research in this paper is limited to Swedish commercial real estate sector Practical implications – The insight the paper provides regarding required information can shed light on how information systems are built and how to improve your information sharing. Originality/value – It provides an insight regarding how the industry, depending on organisation setting, prioritise different information and how the decisionmaker secures access to it. Keywords – Real Estate Management, Information, Decision making, Commercial Real Estate,

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  • 20.
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Kommersiella fastigheter: organisation och struktur2014In: Perspektiv på Fastigheter / [ed] Helena Bohman, Eva Öresjö, Stig Westerdahl, Malmö University , 2014, p. 113-132Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Livscykelekonomi2018In: Fastighetsekonomi och fastighetsrätt: Fastighetsnomenklatur (13 uppl.) / [ed] Lena Borg, Peter Gottschalk, Christina Gustafsson, Peter Palm, Fastighetsnytt , 2018, p. 317-329Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I allmänhet brukar man tala om att förvaltningsfasen av ett projekt är den som står för 80 procent av kostnaden. Inom fastighetsbranschen är det snarare en underdrift. Om vi betänker en fastighets livscykel från projektering, byggande och sedermera förvaltning är det snarare som så att kostnaderna under förvaltningsskedet kommer uppgå till långt mycket mer än de under de tidigare skedena. Det är av denna anledning tankarna om att bedöma, och fatta beslut, utifrån ett livscykelperspektiv istället för ett beslut baserat på anskaffningskostnaden, växt fram. Syftet med kapitlet är att visa hur man kan tänka, räkna och analysera investeringar ut ett livscykelekonomiskt perspektiv istället för ur ett mera traditionellt fastighetsekonomiskt perspektiv.

  • 22.
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Measuring customer satisfaction: a study of the Swedish real estate industry2016In: Property Management, ISSN 0263-7472, E-ISSN 1758-731X, Vol. 34, no 4, p. 316-331Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify the strategies of formal customer evaluations and the use of satisfied customer index in the Swedish commercial real estate industry. Design/methodology/approach – This research is based on an inventory of 24 commercial real estate companies use of formal customer evaluations and an analysis of 15 interviews with top-level managers in the Swedish commercial real estate sector. Findings – Only half of the companies included in the study conduct formal evaluations, although they are considered to work customer oriented. Two different strategies for using formal evaluations is, for improvement work and for signalling quality. One proposed explanation to why only half of the companies conduct formal evaluations is the possibility that the official Swedish Real Estate Barometer is not sufficient if the company would like to use the result for organisational development. There are instead indications that this barometer mainly is used in publicity and marketing purpose, to signal quality. Research limitations/implications – The research in this paper is limited to Swedish commercial real estate sector. But, the overall strategies for conducting formal evaluations should be applicable in general. Practical implications – The insight the paper provides regarding how the industry perceive the Swedish Real Estate Barometer gives direct implications of improvements of the barometer. Originality/value – It provides an insight regarding the use of formal customer evaluations and a proposition of how the Swedish Real Estate Barometer could be changed to better support and fulfil the aim of being a barometer for benchmarking.

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  • 23.
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Outsourced property management: the regulations of the property manager2018In: Property Management, ISSN 0263-7472, E-ISSN 1758-731X, Vol. 36, no 5, p. 620-632Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to identify factors on property management level for analysing incentives for an effective property management in an outsourced setting. Design/methodology/approach This research is based on an interview study of a set of three real estate-owning companies and their contracted facility management companies’ property management teams. Findings The study concludes that the property manager within the facility management company is highly controlled by the contract between the real estate owner and the facility management company. However, this contract does risk the individual property manager to prioritise the wrong work tasks as she/he has to know exactly what to prioritise in each contract and consider in whose interest she/he performs each task, the real estate owner, her/him employer or the tenants. Research limitations/implications The research in this paper is limited to Swedish commercial real estate sector. Practical implications The insight in the paper is regarding how real estate owners create incentives for the facility management companies’ property management organisation and how that are perceived by the individual property manager. Originality/value It provides an insight regarding how the commercial real estate industry prioritises different work tasks and how incentives are created to enable effort.

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  • 24.
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Real estate management: incentives for effort2017In: Facilities, ISSN 0263-2772, E-ISSN 1758-7131, Vol. 35, no 9/10, p. 573-587Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this paper is to examine how the real estate owner (decision maker) can ensure that the preferred tasks are prioritised. In particular, the incentives to ensure motivation to perform to accomplish the strategic goals of the decision maker are investigated. Design/methodology/approach: This research is based on an interview study of 19 firm representatives, 6 decision makers and 13 management representatives, all from the Swedish commercial real estate sector. Findings: The study concludes that the real estate management organisation in the outsourced management setting is governed by the contract, in detail constituting work tasks, and in the in-house management setting, there is freedom with responsibilities instead of regulations. Research limitations/implications: The research in this paper is limited to Swedish commercial real estate sector. Practical implications: The insight in the paper regarding how decision makers create incentives for the real estate management organisation in the different organisational settings can provide inspiration to design incentives for effort. Originality/value: It provides an insight regarding how the industry, depending on organisation setting, prioritise different work tasks and how incentives are created to enable effort.

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  • 25.
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Strategies in real estate management: two strategic pathways2013In: Property Management, ISSN 0263-7472, E-ISSN 1758-731X, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 311-325Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify different strategic pathways for structuring the real estate management organization. Different strategic pathways regarding commercial real estate organizations, and the alignment of their business models with the environment are studied and outlined. Design/methodology/approach – This research is based on an analysis of 15 interviews with top-level managers in the Swedish commercial real estate sector. Findings – When making strategic plans for a company, the commercial real estate industry has two strategic pathways to consider regarding real estate management. The first is to choose whether to have its own frontline personnel or to outsource this function. The second is to decide how the leasing task should be treated: Should it be treated as a real estate manager’s task or should it be a function of its own in the organization? The conclusion of the study is that the organizations studied can be structured using both pathways, and the firm can still be successful. Furthermore, the argument by the top-level managers are the same regardless of how their organization is structured. They all base their strategic plans on the view that their structure of the organization is the best way to take care of the customer. In other words, they have the same arguments but haves chosen different strategic pathways to achieve strategic fit. Research limitations/implications – The research in this paper is limited to the Swedish commercial real estate industry. Originality/value – This paper outlines the strategic pathways for real estate management from a top-level management view. Keywords Strategic planning, Real estate management, Strategic fit, Organizational structure, Sweden

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  • 26.
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    The office market: A lemon market?: A study of the Malmö CBD market2015In: Journal of Property Investment & Finance, ISSN 1463-578X, E-ISSN 1470-2002, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 140-155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to test whether bad real estate owners drive out good real estate owners from the online marketplace for offices. Design/methodology/approach – This research is based on a statistical analysis of the advertisement of offices in Malmö CBD, collected weekly during a period of one year. Findings – The hypothesis that the market for advertisement of office properties is a lemons market cannot be rejected. The result that owners who have appeared in court more than once in the last two years being more inclined to advertise supports this. Research limitations/implications – The research in this paper is limited to the Malmö CBD office market. Practical implications: It provides an insight in how the online market place for offices works as a marketplace and how quality signals influences advertisement. Originality/value – This paper is a direct test of Akerlofs classical lemon model. Keywords – Lemon Market, Office market, Leasing, Quality in Real Estate Management

  • 27.
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Who should clean the university?: The in-house outsourcing decision from a student perspective2021In: Facilities, ISSN 0263-2772, E-ISSN 1758-7131, Vol. 39, no 9/10, p. 635-651Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose This paper aims to investigate how the students perceive the cleaning of the university, from an in-house and outsourced perspective. Design/methodology/approach This research is based on a survey conducted in the different university buildings with a total of 240 students. The survey was then analysed through an ordinal regression. Findings The ordinal regression indicates a statistically significant result were student are more satisfied with the cleaning performed by the outsourced service provider. Research limitations/implications The research in this paper is limited to one Swedish university. But, the overall strategies for how to organise the cleaning service at the university do address all universities. However, the research is limited and more research has to be performed. Practical implications The insight the paper provides regarding how the students perceive the cleaning service at the university gives direct implications to university in relation to how to consider the cleaning service as an important factor. Originality/value It provides the first study from a student perspective on the question of cleaning of the university, when previous studies have indicated cleaning as an important function not least to student's performance and academic results.

  • 28.
    Palm, Peter
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Andersson, Magnus
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Anchor effects in appraisals: do information and theoretical knowledge matter?2021In: Journal of European Real Estate Research, ISSN 1753-9269, E-ISSN 1753-9277, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 246-260Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of theoretical knowledge related to financial behaviour and especially anchor effects.

    Design/methodology/approach – The study design is based upon an experiment divided into two parts, before and after the development of the course curriculum for the course introducing behavioural finance for undergraduate real estate students.

    Findings – The study concludes that the anchor effect is persistent also after introducing theoretical knowledge regarding financial behaviour and anchor effects. To conclude the results, in this study, indicates that the appraisal of properties are dependent on the individual’s cognitive capacity to mitigate anchor effects. There are epistemological assumptions underlying the belief in the individuals’ capacity to handle anchor effects that might provide biased appraisals. These assumptions need to be carefully tested and treated to increase the accuracy of property appraisals.

    Practical implications – The study result also highlights the possibility that current literature in valuation, and learning activities, does not emphases and stimulate readers to critical thinking. This paper would, therefore, propose also other real estate education programmes to be aware of the potential lack of critical thinking among the students.

    Originality/value – It provides an insight regarding how appraisal of properties is dependent on the individual’s cognitive capacity to mitigate anchor effects.

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  • 29.
    Palm, Peter
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Balivet, Béatrice
    Jean Moulin University Lyon 3, France.
    Jingryd, Ola
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Sidoli, Julian
    3. A conceptual model of conveyances on the housing market2022In: The Routledge Companion to International Housing Markets, Routledge, 2022Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The first important difference between real estate markets and the perfect competition theory is that the real estate market can be divided into a number of sectors: office, retail, industrial, and residential. This chapter outlines how the specific characteristics of the real estate market set the overall rules governing the market. It concludes with a conceptual model of how the conveyance process has different stages. First, a review of different legal systems will be presented. Second, a short exposition of the specific characteristics of the real estate market will be given. Third, and last, the conceptual model of conveyances on the housing market will be outlined and presented. Different legal systems have different prerequisites to confirm it as legally valid. After taking the property in possession and the purchase has been registered, the transaction can still be associated with costs.

  • 30.
    Palm, Peter
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Bohman, Helena
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Auditor choice in real estate firms: a quality signal?2023In: Journal of European Real Estate Research, ISSN 1753-9269, E-ISSN 1753-9277, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 258-270Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PurposeReal estate is a capital-intensive industry for which the asset values tend to be highly volatile and uncertain. Transaction costs in the industry are therefore high, and transparency for investors may be low. The need to signal reliable estimates of property assets, in the communication to external stakeholders, can therefore be expected to be of extra importance in this sector. The purpose of this paper is to investigate how real estate firms use big four auditors to signal quality.Design/methodology/approachThe authors use Swedish firm level data containing all limited liability real estate companies in the country to determine the determinants of big four auditors. The data set consists of 34,306 observations and is analyzed through logit regressions.FindingsThe results show that big four companies are primarily contracted by large and mature companies, rather than new firms or firms with volatile financial records, although the latter could be expected to have a large need to signal quality. The authors also find that firms listed on the stock market and firms targeting public use real estate are more inclined to use big four companies.Originality/valueReal estate is a capital-intensive industry for which the asset values tend to be highly volatile and uncertain. Transaction costs in the industry are therefore high, and transparency for investors may be low. The need to signal reliable estimates of property assets, in the communication to external stakeholders, can therefore be expected to be of extra importance in this sector. No prior study of this area has been detected.

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  • 31.
    Palm, Peter
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Bohman, Helena
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Andersson, Magnus
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Anchoring effects in appraisals: a study of Swedish Real Estate students2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The objective of the research is to investigate the anchor effect in appraisal of residential property based on a quantitative survey among Swedish students at a program for real estate brokerage.Prior research has identified various factors that influence price perceptions, including factors that affect assessments of the perceived value of products to consumers and, relatedly, the reference prices consumers use to evaluate the attractiveness of given prices (e.g., Winer 1986). Although the determinants of reservation prices have been extensively studied, there has been much less research regarding the manner in which consumers decide on the lowest price they are willing to accept for a product (for exceptions, see, e.g., Carmon and Ariely 2000; Kahneman, Knetsch, and Thaler 1990). The value appraised is individual and may depend on different parameters such as tacit knowledge and personal taste. Tversky and Kahneman's (1974) seminal work on anchor effects reveal that an external number, referred to as anchors, influence the value people will estimate a given object. Within real estate valuation Northcraft and Neale (1987) applied the same idea on real estate, conducting a study in which both students and real estate agents were to value the same house while changing the conditions regarding asking price for the house. Although the asking price should not affect the valuation of the market value, the study concluded that both real estate agents and students were positively affected by the asking price.Design/methodology /approach - An experiment with students was conducted where they were to value two different properties. The experiment tasks were design to be both representative of real valuation situation and to be relevant for the students in their course as a kind of rehearsal. They were not informed of the experiment's manipulative design nor the research objectives. A total of 53 students, all in their last semester in the real estate broker education within the course of Real estate valuation, participated in the experiment and were divided into group A and B. In addition one more group was included. This group C consists of 17 participants who all are employed as assistant at broker firms and undertaking in service-training in order to become licensed real estate brokers. This group was included to be used as a control group since they can be considered as semi-professionals or at least to have practical pre-knowledge.

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  • 32.
    Palm, Peter
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Borg, Lena
    Henge, Jenny
    Fastighetsnomenklatur2015In: Fastighetsekonomi och fastighetsrätt, Fastighetsnytt , 2015, p. 509-531Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Palm, Peter
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Jingryd, Ola
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    20. Sweden2022In: The Routledge Companion to International Housing Markets / [ed] Andersson, M., Palm, P., Bohman, H., Balivet, B., & Akinsomi, O., Routledge, 2022Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish real estate market for homes is constituted of three main forms: rental, ownership, and tenant-ownership. There are differences in the process, although the people would claim that most private persons do not fully recognize these differences and their implications on their purchase or ownership of the home. The Swedish conveyance process differs from most others, as it does not include any pre-contract phase; however, the LC demands a written contract to have a binding sale. In light of the foregoing, the typical conveyancing process takes the following form. To summarize, the Swedish conveyance process for both real estate and tenant-ownership is arguably simple. The ownership is conveyed with a sales contract, or, where it is agreed that a deed of sale shall be signed at the day of possession, upon the signing of the deed.

  • 34.
    Palm, Peter
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Jingryd, Ola
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Kordić, Lana
    Housing and Transaction Costs2019In: Investigating Spatial Inequalities / [ed] Peter Håkansson, Helena Bohman, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2019, p. 123-138Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is also the issue of how and to whom fees are paid. For instance, there are more bank fees in Croatia, whereas in Sweden more of the fees are paid to the state. On the other hand, Croatia is one of the few countries where no capital gains tax is levied on real estate conveyances, whereas Sweden has a capital gains tax of 22 per cent – a tax that may hamper movement from one region to another with differences in property prices. Overall, however, with the exception of the capital gains tax for the seller, it is clear that the Swedish transaction process carries lower and more predicable costs than its Croatian counterpart.

  • 35.
    Palm, Peter
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Staffansson Pauli, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Bridging the Gap in real estate education: higher-order learning and industry incorporation2018In: Journal of Real Estate Practice and Education, ISSN 1521-4842, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 59-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We outline how the industry can take an active part in an undergraduate course of real estate management to enhance student learning and break through the learning barrier. While it is beneficial to include industry-based guest lecturers, there are associated challenges for the teacher to uphold academic standards. These lectures provide the students with a live case to enhance the learning process. They inspire students to push themselves and are a natural way to break the learning barrier and develop higher-order learning.

1 - 35 of 35
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