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  • 1. Bergman, Kerstin
    et al.
    Bäckström, PerUniversity of Tromsö, Norway.Claesson, ChristianDahlberg, LeifForslid, TorbjörnHenrikson, PaulaHelgesson, StefanIngvarsson, JonasJohansson, AndersJohansson, ChristerLysell, RolandMöller, HåkanLindhé, CeciliaNovén, BengtOrlov, JaninaSjöholm, CeciliaSundén, JennyUllén, MagnusKarlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Languages.
    Codex and Code: Aestethcis, Language and Politics in an Age of Digital Media: NORLIT 2009, Stockholm, August 6-9, 20092010Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the conference was to develop the study of Comparative Literature through Nordic collaboration both in its own discipline and in Modern Language and Cultural studies. As the title for the conference suggests, the principal question for the conference was the challenge that the study of literature encounters in an age of digitalization and globalization. It was our aim to encourage discussion of how literary studies respond to the ongoing changes in media and technology, politics and economy. Many have argued that the Humanities currently are in a state of crisis. We believe that the discipline seldom has found itself in such an interesting and fruitful historical moment. Several of these questions have surfaced duringearlier media system changes, in particular during Romanticism and Modernism, which provided the conference with an historical frame. The conference Codex and Code also addressed questions of authenticity and originality, identity and gender, literary genres and reading practices, media and materiality, culture and popular culture, language and history, world literature, work aesthetics, translations, and canon formation.

  • 2. Bergman, Kerstin
    et al.
    Bäckström, PerLinnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.Claesson, ChristianDahlberg, LeifForslid, TorbjörnHenrikson, PaulaHelgesson, StefanIngvarsson, JonasJohansson, AndersJohansson, ChristerLysell, RolandMöller, HåkanLindhé, CeciliaNovén, BengtOrlov, JaninaSjöholm, CeciliaSundén, JennyUllén, MagnusKarlstads universitet, Avdelningen för språk.
    Codex and Code: Aestethcis, Language and Politics in an Age of Digital Media: NORLIT 2009, Stockholm, August 6-9, 20092010Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the conference was to develop the study of Comparative Literature through Nordic collaboration both in its own discipline and in Modern Language and Cultural studies. As the title for the conference suggests, the principal question for the conference was the challenge that the study of literature encounters in an age of digitalization and globalization. It was our aim to encourage discussion of how literary studies respond to the ongoing changes in media and technology, politics and economy. Many have argued that the Humanities currently are in a state of crisis. We believe that the discipline seldom has found itself in such an interesting and fruitful historical moment. Several of these questions have surfaced duringearlier media system changes, in particular during Romanticism and Modernism, which provided the conference with an historical frame. The conference Codex and Code also addressed questions of authenticity and originality, identity and gender, literary genres and reading practices, media and materiality, culture and popular culture, language and history, world literature, work aesthetics, translations, and canon formation.

  • 3.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    All people are different, but everyone is of equal worth: Three utopian manifestoes by Öyvind Fahlström (1928–76)2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    "All people are different, but everyone is of equal worth": Three utopian manifestoes by Öyvind Fahlström (1928–76)2014In: Utopia : The Fourth Bi-Annual Conference of the European Network for Avant-Garde and Modernism Studies: University of Helsinki, Finland, 29 - 31 August 2014, European Network for Avant-Garde and Modernism Studies , 2014, p. 110-110Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1953 the Swedish concrete poet and internationally renowned avant-garde artist Öyvind Fahlström (1928–76) wrote the worlds first manifesto for concrete poetry, inspired by the historical avant-garde and the neo-avant-garde that at the same time was on its rise, but also by Pierre Schaeffer’s musique concrète. What is little known, though, is that this manifesto was followed by a string of others, of which I here will discuss three utopian manifests from 1962, 1966 and 1976. The first manifesto took its incentive from the exhibition Movement in Art, and introduces radical ideas about involving the audience in the artwork/s itself. The intention was to erase the barrier between artist, artwork and audience. In the two later manifestoes Fahlström – after his move to New York 1961 – takes a more explicit political stance. In the manifesto from 1966 he draws up a Utopia without war, commercialism, and poverty, where citizens have equal rights and live in ”the ecstatic society” with free sex and drugs, ideas a few years ahead of the 1968 revolt. And, finally, in the last manifesto he visualises a totally new society, based on Equality, freedom, decentralisation, work as a creative activity, and free services and goods.

  • 5.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Anders Juhl Rasmussen: Arena-modernisme: En position i dansk litteratur2014In: Edda. Nordisk tidsskrift for litteraturforskning, ISSN 0013-0818, E-ISSN 1500-1989, no 1, p. 90-95Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Att framföra dikten: Det nordiska neoavantgardets tvärestetiska performance2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Att framföra dikten: Det nordiska neoavantgardets tvärestetiska performance2010In: Nordisk drama : fornyelser og transgressioner. Foredrag fra den 27. studiekonference i International Association for Scandinavian Studies: Nordic drama : renewal and transgression / [ed] Maria Sibińska, Gdansk: Fundacja Rozwoju Uniwersytetu Gdanskiego , 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Avantgardebegreppets heterogenitet2011In: Norsk avantgarde / [ed] Per Bäckström & Bodil Børset, Oslo: Novus Forlag, 2011, p. 21-36Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Avantgardebegreppets heterogenitet2011In: Norsk avantgarde / [ed] Bodil Børset, Per Bäckström, Oslo: Novus Forlag, 2011, p. 21-36Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    ”blikket du fanger ikke meg”: Epost-intervju med Jan Erik Vold2011In: Norsk avantgarde / [ed] Per Bäckström & Bodil Børset, Oslo: Novus Forlag, 2011, p. 543-567Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    ”blikket du fanger ikke meg”: Epost-intervju med Jan Erik Vold2011In: Norsk avantgarde / [ed] Per Bäckström, Bodil Børset, Oslo: Novus Forlag, 2011, p. 543-567Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Bäckström, Per
    University of Tromsø, Norway.
    Crush the Assholetters Between the Teeth: Språkgrotesk in Henri Michaux and Gunnar Ekelöf (Part 2)2010In: Action Yes, Vol. 1, no 12Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Bäckström, Per
    Tromsö university.
    Crush the assholetters between the teeths: Language grotesque in Henri Michaux and Gunnar Ekelöf – part 12009In: Action Yes, Vol. 1, no 10, p. 1-10Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Bäckström, Per
    Tromsö university.
    Crush the assholetters between the teeths: Language grotesque in Henri Michaux and Gunnar Ekelöf part 22010In: Action YesArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 15.
    Bäckström, Per
    University of Tromsø, Norway.
    Crush the assholetters between the teeths: Språkgrotesk in Henri Michaux and Gunnar Ekelöf (Part 1)2009In: Action Yes, Vol. 1, no 10, p. 1-10Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Emot!: Henri Michaux och den groteska kunskapen2015In: Vinkelben / [ed] Henri Michaux, Nordingrå: Ordström , 2015, Print on demand/E-bok, p. 77-88Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Emot!: Henri Michaux och den groteska kunskapen2015In: Vinkelben / [ed] Henri Michaux, Nordingrå: Ordström , 2015, p. 77-88Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education (from 2013). Tromsö university.
    ”Et nytt møte”: Performance och performativitet i nordisk lyrik – från Jan Erik Vold till Dimmu Borgir2013In: Diktet utenfor diktsamlingen: Modernisme i nordisk lyrikk 6 / [ed] Stefan Kjerkegaard & Unni Langås, Bergeb: Alvheim og Eide akademisk forlag, 2013, p. 175-205Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    ”Et nytt møte”: Performance och performativitet i nordisk lyrik – från Jan Erik Vold till Dimmu Borgir2013In: Modernisme i nordisk lyrikk 6: Diktet utenfor diktsamlingen / [ed] Stefan Kjerkegaard, Unni Langås, Bergen: Alvheim og Eide akademisk forlag, 2013, p. 175-205Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Fahlström stannade i Stockholm: ”HÄTILA RAGULPR PÅ FÅTSKLIABEN” och diktarkonferensen i Sigtuna 19532019In: Edda. Nordisk tidsskrift for litteraturforskning, ISSN 0013-0818, E-ISSN 1500-1989, Vol. 106, no 1, p. 39-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Öyvind Fahlström’s famous manifesto for concrete poetry HÄTILA RAGULPR PÅ FÅTSKLIABEN.

    (1954) was written as a reaction to the authors conference in Sigtuna 10–12 April 1953, which was the

    incentive he needed to rewrite a program that had probably already been started into a manifesto.

    However, Fahlström’s own interests must be subsumed under a transnational avant-garde aesthetics. The

    Swedish literary field existed in parallel to the international avant-garde movements that he promoted

    and that in principle occurred independently of the Swedish field. The conference was therefore only an

    accidence for the advent of the manifesto, and a discussion of part one with its ridicule will contribute no

    knowledge about its essence: his program. With a better understanding of the relation between the Sigtuna

    conference and Fahlström’s manifesto, a more accurate view of the Swedish 1950s can be established,

    at the same time as future research can focus the essence of the manifesto: its processuality and performativity.

  • 21. Bäckström, Per
    Fahlström stannade i Stockholm: ”HÄTILA RAGULPR PÅ FÅTSKLIABEN” och diktarkonferensen i Sigtuna 19532019In: Edda. Nordisk tidsskrift for litteraturforskning, ISSN 0013-0818, E-ISSN 1500-1989, Vol. 106, no 1, p. 39-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Öyvind Fahlström’s famous manifesto for concrete poetry «HÄTILA RAGULPR PÅ FÅTSKLIABEN» (1954) was written as a reaction to the authors conference in Sigtuna 10–12 April 1953, which was the incentive he needed to rewrite a program that had probably already been started into a manifesto. However, Fahlström’s own interests must be subsumed under a transnational avant-garde aesthetics. The Swedish literary field existed in parallel to the international avant-garde movements that he promoted and that in principle occurred independently of the Swedish field. The conference was therefore only an accidence for the advent of the manifesto, and a discussion of part one with its ridicule will contribute no knowledge about its essence: his program. With a better understanding of the relation between the Sigtuna conference and Fahlström’s manifesto, a more accurate view of the Swedish 1950s can be established, at the same time as future research can focus the essence of the manifesto: its processuality and performativity.

  • 22.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    (forgive us,o life!the sin of Death: A Critical Reading of Michael Riffaterre's Semiotics of Poetry2011In: Textual practice, ISSN 0950-236X, Vol. 25, no 5, p. 913-939Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objectives of this article are two-fold: in part a presentation of Riffaterres semiotic-based analysis of poetry, and in part an examination of its problems and predicaments, using modern experimental poetry by way of example. Due to the fact that Semiotics of Poetry was introduced to the Anglo-American world at the same moment as a second wave of deconstruction was building up, Riffaterres theory was largely criticised for not adhering to new values, or ignored, despite the value of his semiotics of poetry as an analytical and pedagogical aid in the study of poetry.The problems that present themselves with respect to Riffaterres semiotics of poetry are mainly linked to his formalistic dependence on textuality, which cause him to ignore any factors other than intertextuality in the production of lyric poetry. This would suggest an appreciable limitation in the practicability of this method of gaining an overall grasp of what poetry is. In addition, I shall discuss the problems raised as a result of Riffaterres own hermeneutic practice of interpretation, thus offering a further illustration of the obstacles encountered in attempting to employ his semiotics of poetry. Finally, I shall endeavour to situate this method in a comprehensive poetic analysis, in order to demonstrate its primary practicability as a descriptive discipline

  • 23.
    Bäckström, Per
    University of Tromsø, Norway.
    (forgive us,o life!the sin of Death: A Critical Reading of Michael Riffaterre's Semiotics of Poetry2011In: Textual Practice, ISSN 0950-236X, E-ISSN 1470-1308, Vol. 25, no 5, p. 913-939Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objectives of this article are two-fold: in part a presentation of Riffaterres semiotic-based analysis of poetry, and in part an examination of its problems and predicaments, using modern experimental poetry by way of example. Due to the fact that Semiotics of Poetry was introduced to the Anglo-American world at the same moment as a second wave of deconstruction was building up, Riffaterres theory was largely criticised for not adhering to new values, or ignored, despite the value of his semiotics of poetry as an analytical and pedagogical aid in the study of poetry. The problems that present themselves with respect to Riffaterres semiotics of poetry are mainly linked to his formalistic dependence on textuality, which cause him to ignore any factors other than intertextuality in the production of lyric poetry. This would suggest an appreciable limitation in the practicability of this method of gaining an overall grasp of what poetry is. In addition, I shall discuss the problems raised as a result of Riffaterres own hermeneutic practice of interpretation, thus offering a further illustration of the obstacles encountered in attempting to employ his semiotics of poetry. Finally, I shall endeavour to situate this method in a comprehensive poetic analysis, in order to demonstrate its primary practicability as a descriptive discipline

  • 24.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    From book to performance and back: Öyvind Fahlström’s ’The Large and the Small’ and The holy Torsten Nilsson2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    From book to performance and back: Öyvind Fahlström’s "The Large and the Small" and "The holy Torsten Nilsson"2015In: NORLIT 2015, The book to come, University of Gothenburg, August 20-22, 2015: Abstracts, University of Gothenburg, 2015, p. 21-21Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1953 the Swedish concrete poet and internationally renowned avant-gardeartist Öyvind Fahlström (1928–76) wrote the worlds probably first manifesto forconcrete poetry, inspired by the historical avant-garde and the neo-avant-gardethat at the same time was on its rise, but also by Pierre Schaeffer’s musiqueconcrète. The poetical techniques proposed in his manifesto laid the ground forFahlström’s later production in different arts, from concrete poetry to radioplays. His first radio composition Fåglar i Sverige (1963, Birds in Sweden)triggered a whole new genre, the international movement of text-sound-poetry(a.k.a. sound-poetry, poésie sonore). The second radio play (or blind music, ashe called it) Den helige Torsten Nilsson (1966, The holy Torsten Nilsson), becamea small success despite its strange story, and was aired in five differentepisodes by the Swedish broadcasting company. This radio play was composedfrom what Fahlström termed ”life material”, i.e. recorded (with a microphone andcheap tape recorder) sound from the constant media flow in his apartment inNew York, with himself performing the voiceover telling the story. Theremediated material was mainly taken from popular culture, as for examplehorror movies, but also real life filtered through TV and radio. His method wasinspired by Schaeffer’s musique concrète and William Burroughs’ cut-ups, towhich he added game strategies. The result was a highly original media-mix,where he performed an international spy history interwoven with sounds fromcontemporary media and life, a mix that at the same time reflected his politicalurge and interest for world politics.I will discuss role of the book for performance art in the 60s, where the printedtext was only one of the components in a larger intermedial cluster. I willexemplify my discussion with Öyvind Fahlström’s concrete poem “Det stora ochdet lilla” (The large and the small), which became the musical score for aperformed text-sound composition, and his radio play Den helige TorstenNilsson (1966) where the book was fabricated afterwards, to illustrate the‘fluidity’ of the book in the 60s.

  • 26.
    Bäckström, Per
    Tromsö university.
    GRRRRR blop spfnumpf!: Det nordiska 60-talsavantgardets gränsöverskridanden2008In: Gränser i Nordisk litteratur – Borders in Nordic Literature vol. I: Proceedings of the XXVI conference of IASS 2006 / [ed] Heidi Grönstrand, Ulrika Gustafsson & Clas Zilliacus, Åbo: Åbo Akademis Förlag, 2008, p. 123-130Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Bäckström, Per
    University of Tromsø, Norway.
    Grrrrr blop spfnumpf!: Det nordiska 60-talsavantgardets gränsöverskridanden2008In: Gränser i nordisk litteratur – Borders in Nordic literature: IASS XXVI 2006 / [ed] Heidi Grönstrand, Ulrika Gustafsson, Åbo: Åbo Akademis Förlag , 2008, Vol. 1, p. 135-142Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Guru Papers: The Rise and Fall of a Swedish Little Magazine in the 1970s2008In: Action Yes, no 9, p. 1-5Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Bäckström, Per
    University of Tromsø, Norway.
    Guru Papers: The Rise and Fall of a Swedish Little Magazine in the 1970s2008In: Action Yes, Vol. 1, no 8, p. 1-5Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Bäckström, Per
    Tromsö University.
    I digtet undersøges grænserne for det uudsigelige: Søren Ulrik Thomsen, Pia Tafdrup och dansk poetik2008In: Theorier om verklig ditkning: En festskrift till Per Erik Ljung / [ed] Birger Hedén, Erik Hedling, Claes-Göran Holmberg, Anders Mortensen & Helena Nilsson, Lund: Absalon , 2008, p. 1-24Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Bäckström, Per
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    I digtet undersøges grænserne for det uudsigelige: Søren Ulrik Thomsen, Pia Tafdrup och dansk poetik2008In: Theorier om verklig diktning: En festskrift till Per Erik Ljung / [ed] Birger Hedén, Erik Hedling, Claes-Göran Holmberg, Anders Mortensen & Helena Nilsson, Lund: Absalon , 2008, p. 165-178Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Bäckström, Per
    Tromsö university.
    Jag gjorde mina översättningar nästan ordagrant: Bob Dylan och Bruno K. Öijer2009In: Nordisk lyrikktrafikk: Modernisme i nordisk lyrikk 3 / [ed] Hadle Oftedal Andersen, Per Erik Ljung & Eva-Britta Ståhl, Helsingfors: Institutionen för nordiska språk och nordisk litteratur vid Helsingfors universitet , 2009, p. 142-171Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Bäckström, Per
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Jag gjorde mina översättningar nästan ordagrant: Bob Dylan och Bruno K. Öijer2009In: Modernisme i nordisk lyrikk 3: Nordisk lyrikktrafikk / [ed] Hadle Oftedal Andersen, Per Erik Ljung & Eva-Britta Ståhl, Helsingfors: Institutionen för nordiska språk och nordisk litteratur vid Helsingfors universitet , 2009, p. 142-171Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    ”Jag vill inte ha en tjej som du”: Kärlekslyrik i nordisk punk2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    ”Jag vill inte ha en tjej som du”: Kärlekslyrik i nordisk punk2017In: Poplyrik, Den nordiske poesis nærvær i hverdagen: Åbo, 28-29 september 2017, 2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Kisses Sweeter than Wine: Öyvind Fahlström – the Swedish neo-avant-garde’s driving force in New York2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Kisses Sweeter than Wine. Öyvind Fahlström and Billy Klüver: The Swedish Neo-Avant-Garde in New York2017In: Artl@s Bulletin, ISSN 2264-2668, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 139-152, article id 9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish artist Öyvind Fahlström moved to New York in 1961, where he meet the Swedish engineer Billy Klüver, and became part of the international neo-avant-garde movement. Fahlström’s performance, New York 1966, part of Klüver’s performance series 9 Evenings, is my point of departure for an analysis of the role of migration for the neo-avant-gardes in the 1960s. As intermediaries, Fahlström and Klüver brought new ideas both to New York and Stockholm, thus challenging the established view that American art was exported to the periphery. In reality, the New York art scene grew out of ideas and experiences arriving with immigrating artists, who in turn often exchanged ideas developed in the New York melting pot with actors in their original artistic and cultural contexts.

  • 38.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Kisses Sweeter than Wine. Öyvind Fahlström and Billy Klüver: The Swedish Neo-Avant-Garde in New York2017In: Artl@s Bulletin, ISSN 2264-2668, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 139-152, article id 9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish artist Öyvind Fahlström moved to New York in 1961, where he meet the Swedish engineer Billy Klüver, and became part of the international neo-avant-garde movement. Fahlström’s performance, New York 1966, part of Klüver’s performance series 9 Evenings, is my point of departure for an analysis of the role of migration for the neo-avant-gardes in the 1960s. As intermediaries, Fahlström and Klüver brought new ideas both to New York and Stockholm, thus challenging the established view that American art was exported to the periphery. In reality, the New York art scene grew out of ideas and experiences arriving with immigrating artists, who in turn often exchanged ideas developed in the New York melting pot with actors in their original artistic and cultural contexts.

  • 39.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    L'Art, expression de la Société, est précurseur et révélateur: The Heterogeneity of the Notion of Avant-Garde2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, I shall try to shed some new light upon the notion of avant-garde, with the purpose of showing its different national use and heterogeneity of meaning. This pluralism is overlooked today because of the hegemony of English in academic studies, which leads one to believe that a consensus exists in the use of the term avant-garde, since so many academics write their articles and books in this language. This article, therefore, is an attempt to recuperate the notion of avant-garde to stringent use and gain a deeper insight into the aes-thetic movements of modernity and late modernity. I hope to show that, despite the fact that many writers believe that there exists only one recognition of the notion of avant-garde, the understanding of the Anglo-American centre is actually as peripheral as that of other coun-tries which are normally regarded as peripheries. Instead of retaining the logocentric dichot-omy of centre-periphery, an understanding of the heterogeneity forces us to realize that this dichotomy is of no value, since all understandings are equally peripheral when it comes to the notion of avant-garde in an international perspective

  • 40.
    Bäckström, Per
    University of Tromsø, Norway.
    "L'Art, expression de la Société, est précurseur et révélateur": The Heterogeneity of the Notion of "Avant-Garde"2010In: Codex and Code: Aestethcis, Language and Politics in an Age of Digital Media, NORLIT 2009, Stockholm, August 6–9, 2009 / [ed] Kerstin Bergman, Per Bäckström, Christian Claesson, Leif Dahlberg, Torbjörn Forslid, Carin Franzén, Anna Cullhed, Stefan Helgesson, Paula Henrikson, Jonas Ingvarsson, Anders Johansson, Christer Johansson, Cecilia Lindhé, Roland Lysell, Håkan Möller, Bengt Novén, Janina Orlov, Cecilia Sjöholm, Jenny Sundén, Magnus Ullén, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2010, p. 61-79, article id 6Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, I shall try to shed some new light upon the notion of avant-garde, with the purpose of showing its different national use and heterogeneity of meaning. This pluralism is overlooked today because of the hegemony of English in academic studies, which leads one to believe that a consensus exists in the use of the term avant-garde, since so many academics write their articles and books in this language. This article, therefore, is an attempt to recuperate the notion of avant-garde to stringent use and gain a deeper insight into the aes-thetic movements of modernity and late modernity. I hope to show that, despite the fact that many writers believe that there exists only one recognition of the notion of avant-garde, the understanding of the Anglo-American centre is actually as peripheral as that of other coun-tries which are normally regarded as peripheries. Instead of retaining the logocentric dichot-omy of centre-periphery, an understanding of the heterogeneity forces us to realize that this dichotomy is of no value, since all understandings are equally peripheral when it comes to the notion of avant-garde in an international perspective

  • 41.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Mediatized Authenticity: Öyvind Fahlström’s performance Kisses Sweater than Wine (1966)2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Mediatized Authenticity: Öyvind Fahlström’s performance "Kisses Sweater than Wine" (1966)2017In: Authentic Artifice : 3rd International Conference, International Society for Intermedial Studies. Université de Montréal, May 18-20/22 2017: Program, Montréal: Université de Montréal , 2017, p. 19-20Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Performance art is solidly rooted in the “Hier und Jetzt” asserted by Walter Benjamin as the only remaining con-dition for the Aura. But, as Philip Auslander observes, every performance is always already mediatized in one way or an-other, and still we experience its authenticity. In my paper, I will argue that mediatization seems to be a (necessary) condition for authenticity, in a discussion of the Swedish artist Öyvind Fahlström’s (1928–76) performance Kisses Sweeter than Wine(1966). In 1953, Fahlström wrote the world’s first manifesto for concrete poetry, inspired by Pierre Schaeffer’s musique concrète. In the mid 1950s he turned to the visual arts,and later he wrote radio plays, directed movies and arranged per-formances and happenings. He moved to New York in 1961 and joined the international neo-avant-gardes there. In his use of new technology and different broadcasting media, Fahlström was a forerunner for media art, and the intermedial intricacy can be fully understood and discussed only in our own infor-mation age. His, and other similar, experiments in the 1960s are important links in the genealogy of today’s networked, global, and multiscreen world, since they constitute early con-fluences of cybernetics, art, and media. This is best seen in his performance, which was part of 9 Evenings. Theatre and Engi-neeringarranged by Experiments in Art and Technology (E.A.T.) at the 69th Regiment Armory in New York in 1966. He mixed performance on stage with a plethora of mediatized events, but still his art retained its essential authenticity.

  • 43.
    Bäckström, Per
    Tromsö university.
    ”Men också i poesin återstår allt att göra”: Diktens rum hos Öyvind Fahlström & Per Højholt2008In: Stedet: Modernisme i nordisk lyrikk 2 / [ed] Hadle Oftedal Andersen, Peter Stein Larsen & Louise Mønster, Helsingfors: Institutionen för nordiska språk och nordisk litteratur vid Helsingfors universitet , 2008, p. 1-11Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Bäckström, Per
    University of Tromsø, Norway.
    ”Men också i poesin återstår allt att göra”: Diktens rum hos Öyvind Fahlström & Per Højholt2008In: Modernisme i nordisk lyrikk 2: Stedet / [ed] Hadle Oftedal Andersen, Peter Stein Larsen, Louise Mønster, Helsingfors: Institutionen för nordiska språk och nordisk litteratur vid Helsingfors universitet , 2008, p. 1-11Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Norsk avantgarde – en innledning2011In: Norsk avantgarde / [ed] Per Bäckström & Bodil Børset, Oslo: Novus Forlag, 2011, p. 9-20Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Norsk avantgarde: en innledning2011In: Norsk avantgarde / [ed] Per Bäckström, Bodil Børset, Oslo: Novus Forlag, 2011, p. 9-20Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Norveska2013In: Mecler Leksikon Avangarde, Belgrad: Verlag J. B. Metzler, 2013, p. 1-3Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Norveska2013In: Mecler Leksikon Avangarde / [ed] Hubert van den Berg, Valter Fenders, Belgrad: Verlag J. B. Metzler, 2013, p. 1-3Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Bäckström, Per
    Tromsö university.
    Norwegen2009In: Metzler Lexikon Avantgarde / [ed] Hubert van den Berg & Walter Fähnders, Stuttgart: Verlag J. B. Metzler, 2009, p. 1-3Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Bäckström, Per
    University of Tromsø, Norway.
    Norwegen2009In: Metzler Lexikon Avantgarde / [ed] Hubert van den Berg, Walter Fähnders, Stuttgart: Verlag J. B. Metzler, 2009, p. 1-3Chapter in book (Refereed)
123 1 - 50 of 102
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