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  • 1.
    Aarskog, Eirik
    et al.
    Department of Physical Education, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Barker, Dean
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Spord Borgen, Jorunn
    Department of Physical Education, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    What were you thinking? A methodological approach for exploring decision-making and learning in physical education2019In: Sport, Education and Society, ISSN 1357-3322, E-ISSN 1470-1243, Vol. 24, no 8, p. 828-840Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The broad purpose of this paper is to consider the relationship betweendecision-making and learning. Specifically, our aim is to propose amethodology that provides a theoretical framing along with proceduresfor investigating this relationship in Physical Education (PE). By utilizingselected parts of John Dewey’s educational theories, the paper presentsa theoretical exposition of decision-making as an individual processcontaining both ‘practical’ and ‘cognitive’ aspects. By combining thistheoretical conceptualization with a description of concrete researchmethods, the paper proposes a methodological approach enablingresearchers to get empirically closer to the phenomenon of individualdecision-making within PE learning. We argue that by doing so,researchers in the field of PE can study certain aspects of learning notexplicitly emphasized within existing methodological approaches.

  • 2.
    Aggerholm, Kenneth
    et al.
    Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Standal, Øyvind
    Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Barker, Dean
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Larsson, Håkan
    The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences (GIH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    On Practising in Physical Education: Outline for a pedagogical model2018In: Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, ISSN 1740-8989, E-ISSN 1742-5786, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 197-208Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Models-based approaches to physical education have inrecent years developed as a way for teachers and students toconcentrate on a manageable number of learning objectives, and alignpedagogical approaches with learning subject matter and context. Thispaper draws on Hannah Arendt’s account of vita activa to map existingapproaches to physical education as oriented towards: (a) health andexercise, (b) sport and games, and (c) experience and exploration.Purpose: The aim of the paper is to outline a new pedagogical model forphysical education: a practising model. We argue that the form of humanactivity related to practising is not well represented in existingorientations and models. To sustain this argument, we highlight themost central aspects of practising, and at the same time describe centralfeatures of the model.Relevance and implications: The paper addresses pedagogicalimplications the practising model has for physical education teachers.Central learning outcomes and teaching strategies related to fouressential and ‘non-negotiable’ features of the practising model arediscussed. These strategies are: (1) acknowledging subjectivity andproviding meaningful challenges, (2) focusing on content and the aimsof practising, (3) specifying and negotiating standards of excellence and(4) providing adequate time to practising.Conclusion: The practising model has the potential to inform newperspectives on pedagogical approaches, and renew and improveworking methods and learning practices, in physical education.

  • 3.
    Barker, Dean
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    In defence of white privilege: physical education teachers’ understandings of their work in culturally diverse schools2019In: Sport, Education and Society, ISSN 1357-3322, E-ISSN 1470-1243, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 134-146Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research suggests that physical education (PE) in Western countries is notproviding equitable experiences for non-white students. Responsibility forshortcomings has often been ascribed to white PE teachers. Scholars haveclaimed that teachers lack cultural competence and know little about howphysical cultures or health are understood by the young people withwhom they work. The objective of this investigation was to investigatethis claim and generate an understanding of how white PE teachers in aculturally diverse high school make sense of their work with non-whitestudents. Data with three Swedish teachers of varying experience wereproduced using semi-structured interviewing. A series of school visitsprovided a complementary line of data. Four themes emerged from thedata. These related to: (1) differences between white and non-whitevalues; (2) the knowledge and dispositions necessary for success in PE; (3)the broad purpose of PE, and; (4) the differences between boys’ and girls’experiences of PE. Data were interpreted using a Critical Race Theory(CRT) perspective, with the notion of ‘whiteness’ providing a specificanalytic concept. The general thesis developed in the second part of thepaper is that problems result not from insensitivity or incompetence butfrom discourses of whiteness in which many teachers live and work. Bybuilding on critical research both in general education and physicaleducation literature and by utilizing whiteness as an analytical concept,the investigation shows how three PE teachers draw extensively on theracial discourse of whiteness and how this disadvantages non-whitestudents. The paper is concluded with a consideration of how racialdisadvantage could be challenged or disrupted.

  • 4.
    Barker, Dean
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ninjas, zombies and nervous wrecks? Academics in the neoliberal world of physical education and sport pedagogy2017In: Sport, Education and Society, ISSN 1357-3322, E-ISSN 1470-1243, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 87-104Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scholars have drawn some damning conclusions on the current state of the academy. They arguethat neoliberal developments such as corporatization and privatization are undermining researchand teaching quality, disrupting social relations and impacting negatively on the health and wellbeingof academic staff. Academia is, according to these scholars, coming to be peopled byhypercompetitive and combative ‘ninjas’, cynical and unmotivated ‘zombies’ and jaded andanxious ‘nervous wrecks’. Against this negative depiction of academics, the aim of this paper is toprovide an illustration of an alternative identity that is formed and performed within the field ofphysical education and sport pedagogy (PESP). This illustration is achieved through thepresentation and analysis of an account that shows some of the individuals inhabiting the world ofPESP. The account is based on autoethnographic research and relies largely on reported speechand reflective notes to build a description of the author, in the early stages of mid-career, workingwith his colleagues to write a section of this paper. A Foucauldian framework that includes theconcepts of governmentality and care of the self is employed to consider how the author becomesa neoliberal subject with some possibilities for resisting technologies of power. The paper isconcluded with reflections on the process of resisting and the significance of local socio-politicalcontexts as issues for further discussion.

  • 5.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Aggerholm, Kenneth
    Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    standal, Øyvind
    Faculty of Public Health, Inland Norway University College of Applied Science, Elverum, Norway; Faculty of Teacher Education, Osloand Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Larsson, Håkan
    The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences (GIH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Developing the practising model in Physical Education: An expository outline focusing on movement capability2018In: Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, ISSN 1740-8989, E-ISSN 1742-5786, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 209-221Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Physical educators currently have a number of pedagogical(or curricular) models at their disposal. While existing models have beenwell-received in educational contexts, these models seek to extendstudents’ capacities within a limited number of ‘human activities’(Arendt, 1958). The activity of human practising, which is concerned withthe improvement of the self, is not explicitly dealt with by current models.Purpose: The aim of the paper is to outline how a model of humanpractising related to movement capability could be enacted in physicaleducation.Findings: Building on a theoretical exposition of human practisingpresented in a separate paper, this paper provides a practically orienteddiscussion related to: (1) the general learning outcomes as well asteaching and learning strategies of the model; (2) an outline of fiveactivities that describe how the model could be implemented; and (3)the non-negotiable features of the model.Discussion: The model’s potential contribution to the ongoingrevitalization of PE as an institutionalized educational practice isdiscussed. Points concerning how the model relates to wider physicalcultures, its position regarding transfer of learning, standards ofexcellence, and social and cultural transmission are considered.Conclusion: The paper is concluded with some reflections onpedagogical models generally and how they relate to the pedagogicalmodel of practising movement capability presented in this paper.

  • 6.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Annerstedt, Claes
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Managing physical education lessons: An interactional approach2016In: Sport, Education and Society, ISSN 1357-3322, E-ISSN 1470-1243, Vol. 21, no 6, p. 924-944Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Physical education (PE) lessons involve complex and dynamic interactive sequences between students, equipment and teacher. The potential for unexpected and/or unintended events is relatively large, a point reflected in an increasing amount of scholarship dealing with classroom management (CM). This scholarship further suggests that unexpected and disruptive events negatively impact on learning and can have deleterious effects on teacher health. Despite considerable potential for these kinds of events, many PE lessons occur in structured, organized ways. The broad purpose of this paper is to consider how classroom action becomes ordered in PE contexts. To this end, an interactional approach is put forward including the specific analytic concepts of directives, epistemic authority and deontic authority. To exemplify the approach, the micro-dynamics of a situation in which a group of students are building a human pyramid is examined. The examination draws attention to: how the teacher engages in a series of interactions with the students to move the sequence forward; how the students themselves achieve order through their interactions with one another; and how the characteristics of the activity help to organize the students' behaviors and limit possibilities for action. The discussion is located against a backdrop of current CM scholarship. Reference is also made to two aspects of social context: the increasing prominence of managerial discourse in educational arenas and the significance of student-centeredness in pedagogical theory. Both aspects appear to influence how order can be achieved in PE today. The analysis raises issues related to pedagogy, management and authority which are addressed in the final two sections of the paper.

  • 7.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Annerstedt, Claes
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, sweden.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Examining groupwork in health and physical education: emerging findings from a Vygotskian analysis2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduktion: Group work underpins curricular models such as Teaching Games for Understanding, Sport Education  and Cooperative Learning. Within such models, HPE teachers typically assume ‘facilitator’ roles, dividing their time and attention between groups. In doing so, teachers gain only a partial view of their students’ learning. Very simply, they do not see what is happening when they are not immediately present. It is difficult to frame this as a problem – it appears to be part of the reality of teaching. At the same time, the argument made in this paper is that an understanding of student interactions where the teacher is absent has significant potential for informing pedagogic practice.

    Syfte & teoretisk ram: The purpose of this paper is to examine the factors that influence learning when two or more learners are co-constructing meaning in the absence of a teacher.

    The paper draws on the work of Lev Vygotsky as well as more recent activity theory. Learning is understood as a social enterprise where the relationship between what an individual can do independently and what s/he can do in collaboration with others is crucial. Vygotsky’s notion of a Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) provides a specific tool for thinking through this relationship. Key tenets include:

    - performance of novel tasks is often achieved in collaboration with other people before it is achieved individually.

    - potential for learning is bounded (Vygotsky, 1978, p. 208-209). At a given point in time it is not possible for an individual to learn simply anything. As learning occurs and individual performance increases, so does collaborative learning potential.

    - learning takes place within the context of dialectical activity. In this respect, all learning is social.

    - although individuals take on ‘novice’ and ‘expert’ positions during learning activity, these positions are flexible.

    - for learning to take place, novices and experts should influence the group’s activity. 

    Metod: Empirical material was produced with eight different HPE classes in years 6-9 (lower and upper secondary schools) in Sweden. Schools were selected in a way that maximized variation.

    Observations consisted of three or four video-recorded lessons with each of the eight classes. Two cameras were used: one stationary and the other mobile. Mobile filming focused on different groups working within the classes. Between two and five students were generally in the frame at any one time and filming was done with the intention of capturing sequences where a group of students worked with a specific problem/task. Here, Emerson’s (2004) notion of key incidents was utilized. Due to the proximity of the camera to students, audio material could be obtained and detailed transcripts of speech exchanges were produced.

    Resultat: Data suggest that: (1) teachers often define the outcome of groupwork situations with relative precision but pay less attention to process (i.e. how learners will reach the outcome); (2) many groupwork situations do not result in the creation of ZPD’s and hence do not result in learning in a Vygotskian sense; (3) the creation of ZPD’s in HPE are achieved through corporeal and through linguistic strategies - this makes HPE ZPD’s unique from many educational settings.

    Diskussion: The emerging results suggest that HPE teachers should pay more attention to how they define and implement groupwork. They should reflect on how they present groupwork tasks to learners and think about the relationship between group process and learning outcome. Teachers should also consider how ‘expertise gradients’ can be exploited and help learners to occupy novice and expert positions in ways that maximize learning. Finally, the results suggest that facilitation of groupwork should account for learners’ physical and linguistic capacities.  

  • 8.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hanging up the shirt: an autoethnographic account of disengaging from a social rugby culture2016In: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 711-725Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Violent practices are a common feature of homosocial sporting environments. The objective of the current paper is to explore how one individual disengaged from a sporting community characterized by such practices. An autoethnographic approach involving recollection and interactional exchanges is used to create a realist narrative account which offers insight into the process of disengagement. The narrative focuses on the: (1) ongoing nature of cultural participation; (2) agency and the restriction of ways of being in sports teams and (3) the durable nature of personal characteristics that are learned in sporting environments. These issues are discussed in light of cultural learning theory and specifically, the analytic concept, ‘becoming’. The paper concludes with methodological reflections and a consideration of directions for future research.

  • 9.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gerber, Markus
    Institute for Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Gerlach, Erin
    Institute for Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Sattler, Simone
    Institute for Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Bergman, Max
    Department of the Social Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Pühse, Uwe
    Institute for Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Swiss youths, migration and integrative sport: A critical-constructive reading of popular discourse2013In: European Journal for Sport and Society, ISSN 1613-8171, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 143-160Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper critically interrogates widespread assumptions pertaining to the integrative function of sporting involvement in Switzerland. It focuses specifically on young people living in a culturally diverse area and how they make use of discursive variations of the integrative sport text. Interview material draws attention to four main sub-texts that frame sport as: a pedagogical tool, a site of interpersonal exchange, a method of catharsis, and as an apolitical activity without relevance to ethnicity. It is argued that these sub-texts: (1) are embedded within broader culturalist discourse and, (2) either support divisive social relations or do little to challenge them. Both instances suggest that changes are necessary to the way sport is ‘produced’ in discourse if it is to positively influence ethnic relations.

  • 10.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    Department for Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    Department for Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gerber, Markus
    Institute of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Pühse, Uwe
    Institute of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Maria: Italian, female, and pursuing dreams of elite soccer success in Switzerland2014In: Pedagogical Cases in Physical Education and Youth Sport / [ed] Kathleen Armour, Taylor & Francis, 2014, Vol. 9780203795927, p. 171-183Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    Institute of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    Institute of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Pühse, Uwe
    Institute of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Constructive readings of interactive episodes: Examining ethics in physical education from a social constructionist perspective2013In: Sport, Education and Society, ISSN 1357-3322, E-ISSN 1470-1243, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 511-526Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we illustrate how ways of thinking about ethics are tied up with sport and physical education practice and introduce an alternative approach that can help to develop ethical pedagogies. We begin by locating socio-moral education in physical education within historical and contemporary pedagogical scholarship. Our argument is that the work of today's physical educators is still shaped by claims that were made about school sport in the nineteenth century and that sport scholars have long had difficulties proving these claims empirically. Rather than search for data that can confirm or refute claims of moral learning, we examine how incidents related to moral behaviour occur during physical education lessons. To do this we draw on data from an ethnographic investigation of a school in North Western Switzerland. Specifically, we present three episodes of interaction in three different physical education lessons. To make sense of these episodes, we introduce a social constructionist perspective. The main assumptions of this perspective are: (1) meanings are created through dialogue and consensus and are context-relative; (2) interactions between people are joint accomplishments; and (3) contexts affect how people interact with one another. Equipped with a constructionist framework, we then inspect the interactive episodes more closely. We include brief discussions of how constructionist understandings might inform ethics pedagogies in the future, suggesting that practitioners should be cautious of universal understandings of ethics, consider pupils as members of communities that are held together by shared practices, provide space for pupils to position themselves differently during lessons and, finally, account for contextual factors when evaluating pupils' actions.

  • 12.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rynne, Steven
    School of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.
    Lee, Jessica
    School of Public Health, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia.
    'Just do a little more': examining expertise in high performance sport from a sociocultural learning perspective2014In: Reflective Practice, ISSN 1462-3943, E-ISSN 1470-1103, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 92-105Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research suggests that extensive training is necessary for the development of sporting expertise. Research also suggests that extensive training can lead to overuse injuries. The aims of this paper are to: (1) expand the concept of expertise in high performance sport, and (2) contribute to the discussion of how high performance athletes move towards expert performance in sustainable ways. To achieve these aims, data from retrospective interviews with four Olympians from four different sports are presented. As a way of extending traditional approaches, a pedagogical framework focusing on dispositional learning is employed to examine athletic development. The notion of threshold concepts is used as a specific analytic tool for thinking about how athletes come to make sense of their sporting environments. Interpretations of the data provide insights into the nature of thresholds in high performance sport, factors that facilitate threshold crossing, and factors that may prevent athletes from making advances, all of which have implications for practitioners interested in developing expertise.

  • 13.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rynne, Steven
    School of Human Movement Studies, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.
    Lee, Jessica
    School of Public Health, Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus, Southport, Australia.
    Moving out of sports: A sociocultural examination of olympic career transitions2014In: International journal of sports science & coaching, ISSN 1747-9541, E-ISSN 2048-397X, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 255-270Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article outlines sociocultural learning theory, shows how this theory can be used to examine end-of-career athletic transitions, and stimulates discussion on the implications of this framework for sport professionals. The central question addressed is how learning in elite sport affects participation in activities beyond sporting settings. Data from in-depth, semi-structured interviews with three former Olympians are presented. The interpretation suggests that: 1) movement to new social settings involves abandoning some elements of athletic dispositions and developing new elements, 2) transitions are affected by prior learning in sport and the characteristics of new settings, and 3) learning in sporting environments is often unintentional or implicit. The results encourage practitioners to acknowledge the effort involved in developing new dispositions in different settings. They support a case-specific view of transitions where 'success' is considered in contextual terms. Further, the data highlight a need for sport professionals to recognize tacit learning.

  • 14.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Sattler, Simone
    University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Gerber, Markus
    University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Pühse, Uwe
    University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Understanding youths with migration backgrounds and their relations to physical education2011In: Sportunterricht, ISSN 0342-2402, Vol. 60, no 8, p. 239-242Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Wals, Arjen
    Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands; University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA.
    Tinning, Richard
    School of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia; School of Curriculum and Pedagogy, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.
    High performance sport and sustainability: a contradiction of terms?2014In: Reflective Practice, ISSN 1462-3943, E-ISSN 1470-1103, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Success in high performance sport has always been highly valued. Today, lucrative contracts, sponsorship deals and opportunities for celebrity status are balanced against substantial time spent training and high chances of failure. With pressure mounting on athletes to make the most of their athletic 'investment', the temptation to compromise their future well-being by exploiting their bodies for short-term gain and/or by cheating is growing. The aim of this paper is to explore the utility of sustainability science for thinking about these types of issues. Sustainability science is an emerging field which seeks to preserve the well-being of the planet and those on it by exploring the potential of nature and culture without compromising the future resource base. It specializes in developing holistic perspectives, considering multiple time scales, optimizing current systems without compromising the carrying capacity of the Earth, but also questioning the values and principles that dominate current ways of producing and consuming. Sustainability science acknowledges that we live in a rapidly changing world characterized by high levels of complexity and uncertainty. The proposition developed in this paper is that an exploration of sustainability perspectives can be generative in re-thinking and re-orienting the principles of high level competitive sports.

  • 16.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bergentoft, Helene
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nyberg, Gunn
    Sport and Health Science, University of Dalarna, Falun, Sweden.
    What would physical educators know about movement education? A review of literature2017In: Quest (National Association for Physical Education in Higher Education), ISSN 0033-6297, E-ISSN 1543-2750, Vol. 69, no 4, p. 419-435Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This review article identifies the conceptual underpinnings of currentmovement research in physical education. Using a hermeneuticapproach, four analogies for movement education are identified:the motor program analogy, the neurobiological systems analogy, theinstinctive movement analogy, and the embodied exploration analogy.Three issues related to logical consistency and its relevance for movementeducation are raised. The first relates to tensions between theanalogies and educational policy. The second concerns differencesamong the four analogies. The third issue relates to the appropriatenessof specific analogies for dealing with certain movement contexts.In each case, strategies for improvement are considered. Thearticle concludes with a brief summary, along with reflections onissues that require further attention.

  • 17.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bergman, M. M.
    Mixed methods and integration2017In: Sport, Migration und soziale Integration: Eine empirische Studie zur Bedeutung des Sports bei Jugendlichen / [ed] Gerber, M., Pühse, U, Seismo Verlag , 2017, p. 117-122Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lundvall, S
    The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Transformative Pedagogy in Physical Education and the Challenges of Young People with Migration Backgrounds2017In: Routledge Handbook of Physical Education Pedagogies / [ed] Ennis, C. D.; Armour, K.; Chen, A.; Garn, A. C.; Mauerberg-deCastro, E.; Penney, D.; Silverman, S. J.; Solomon, M. A.; Tinning, R., London: Routledge, 2017, p. 356-368Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nielsen, Jacob
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Wahlström, Martin
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Carlén, Urban
    University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Maivorsdotter, Ninitha
    University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Jacob and Martin: Developing digital technology competence in physical education teacher education2016In: Digital Technologies and Learning in Physical Education: Pedagogical Cases / [ed] Ashley Casey, Victoria A. Goodyear & Kathleen M. Armour, Taylor & Francis Group, 2016, p. 231-246Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter provides an illustration of how digital technologies (DTs) are experienced by Physical Education Teacher Education (PETE) students. The illustration is based on the reflections of two students at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. The students received an assignment that involved demonstrating how a specific DT could be implemented. Three perspectives of the practitioners' experiences are provided. A Deweyan perspective shows how the students and their situations are transformed by DTs. A Foucauldian perspective focuses on the regulating aspects of technology. An applied Information Technology perspective demonstrates how DTs become part of the social practices of physical education.

  • 20.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Göteborgs universitet.
    Nyberg, Gun
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Larsson, Håkan
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogisk idrottsforskning.
    Joy, fear and resignation: investigating emotions in physical education using a symbolic interactionist approach2019In: Sport, Education and Society, ISSN 1357-3322, E-ISSN 1470-1243Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Emotional dimensions of physical education have garnered attention from scholars in the last two decades. Many scholars claim that emotions significantly affect learning and that positive emotions such as joy and pleasure are necessary for continued participation in movement activities beyond the classroom. Much of the existing literature, however, is based on the idea that emotions comprise internal mental states that are retrospectively oriented. In the current paper, we work with alternative principles that can create new understandings of the affective dimensions of PE and specifically, movement learning. We draw on symbolic interactionist principles, framing emotions as multimodal communicative resources that are performed in social contexts. From this perspective, we demonstrate how emotions: (1) can be investigated as part of the production of broader sequences of pedagogical action and (2) relate to issues of knowledge, identity and authority. We present observational material generated with PE teacher education students as they develop movement capability. We focus on three interactional episodes in which fear, joy and resignation are performed by students interacting with either peers or an observing researcher. In each case, we demonstrate how emotions: affiliate or dis-affiliate the actor with the movement knowledge in focus, index an institutionally recognizable identity and influence the subsequent actions of the participants in the interactional sequence. The key thesis developed in the paper is that as symbolic resources, emotions have important consequences for actors within movement learning environments. The paper is concluded with reflections on the implications of the approach for practitioners along with a consideration of questions in need of further scientific attention.

  • 21.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nyberg, Gunn
    Department of Sport and Health Science, University of Dalarna, Falun, Sweden.
    Larsson, Håkan
    The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences (GIH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Joy, fear and resignation: Investigating emotions in physical education using a symbolic interactionist approach2019In: Sport, Education and Society, ISSN 1357-3322, E-ISSN 1470-1243Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Emotional dimensions of physical education have garnered attention fromscholars in the last two decades. Many scholars claim that emotionssignificantly affect learning and that positive emotions such as joy andpleasure are necessary for continued participation in movementactivities beyond the classroom. Much of the existing literature,however, is based on the idea that emotions comprise internal mentalstates that are retrospectively oriented. In the current paper, we workwith alternative principles that can create new understandings of theaffective dimensions of PE and specifically, movement learning. We drawon symbolic interactionist principles, framing emotions as multimodalcommunicative resources that are performed in social contexts. Fromthis perspective, we demonstrate how emotions: (1) can be investigatedas part of the production of broader sequences of pedagogical actionand (2) relate to issues of knowledge, identity and authority. We presentobservational material generated with PE teacher education students asthey develop movement capability. We focus on three interactionalepisodes in which fear, joy and resignation are performed by studentsinteracting with either peers or an observing researcher. In each case,we demonstrate how emotions: affiliate or dis-affiliate the actor with themovement knowledge in focus, index an institutionally recognizableidentity and influence the subsequent actions of the participants in theinteractional sequence. The key thesis developed in the paper is that assymbolic resources, emotions have important consequences for actorswithin movement learning environments. The paper is concluded withreflections on the implications of the approach for practitioners alongwith a consideration of questions in need of further scientific attention.

  • 22.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Power and group work in physical education: A Foucauldian perspective2017In: European Physical Education Review, ISSN 1356-336X, E-ISSN 1741-2749, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 339-353Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Group work is used in physical education (PE) to encourage student-directed, collaborative learning. Aligned with this aim, group work is expected to shift some power from teacher to students and enable students to make decisions and co-construct meaning on their own. There are, however, very few investigations focusing on power in group work situations in PE, with most research focusing on learning and content. Assumptions about the nature of power and its mechanisms have been largely implicit. The purpose of this paper was consequently to explore power relations in PE group work. To do this, we have drawn primarily on observational data of three groups working together to choreograph a dance performance in a Swedish PE lesson. A small amount of pre- and post-lesson interview material is used as a complementary data source. Michel Foucault’s notion of power as action-on-action is used to identify different types of power relations in this group work. Four specific kinds of relations are presented concerning: (1) the students’ task; (2) other cultures; (3) gender; and (4) interactions with one another. These relations suggest that power relations are not simply created locally between group members, nor are power relations only a function of the members’ proficiency in the task. In these respects, the results encourage a reconsideration of learning in group work and open up new avenues for further research. The paper is concluded with practical considerations that relate to common assumptions about student power, teacher authority and the potential benefit of ambiguous tasks in group work.

  • 23.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Annerstedt, Claes
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Embodied interaction in physical education: examining group work from a multimodal perspective2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Annerstedt, Claes
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Facilitating group work in physical education: working with post-Vygotskian ideas2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Annerstedt, Claes
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Inter-student interactions and student learning in health and physical education: a post-Vygotskian analysis2015In: Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, ISSN 1740-8989, E-ISSN 1742-5786, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 409-426Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Group work is often used in Physical Education (and Health – HPE). In this paper, we propose that despite: (1) its widespread use; (2) advances surrounding HPE models that utilize group strategies; and (3) a significant amount of literature dealing with group work in other school subjects, we do not have a particularly good theoretical understanding of group learning in HPE.

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to propose one way of conceptualizing individual learning in peer interaction based on three tenets of post-Vygotskian theory that relate to the zone of proximal development (ZPD); namely that in learning situations: (i) group members engage in shared communication; (ii) expert–novice relationships can develop and change during group activities and (iii) constructing knowledge can be thought of as reaching agreement.

    Participants and setting: Empirical material was generated with eight different HPE classes in lower and upper secondary schools in Sweden. Schools were selected in a way that maximized variation and were distributed across four geographic locations with varying sizes and types of communities.

    Data collection: Observational material was produced at each of the sites with the use of two cameras: one stationary and the other mobile. Stationary filming maintained a wideangled focus and captured the entire class. Mobile filming focused on different groups working within the classes. During mobile filming, between two and five students were generally in the frame and filming was directed at sequences in which a group of students worked together on a specific task.

    Data analysis: Analysis of the data focused on two kinds of incidents. The first

    comprised a sequence in which two or more students were interacting to complete a

    task which they could not immediately do and were engaged in collective

    signification by talking about or doing the activity in mutually compatible ways.

    These conditions were sufficient in our view to signal the creation of a ZPD. The

    second kind of incident fulfilled the first criteria but not the second – i.e. the students

    were interacting but not in mutually compatible ways.

    Findings: A post-Vygotskian interpretation of three group work sequences draws

    attention to: (i) the flexible and fluid nature of ‘expertness’ as it exists within groups;

    (ii) the unpredictable nature of member interactions and (iii) the challenging role that

    teachers occupy while trying to facilitate group work.

    Conclusion: Such an interpretation contributes to a growing understanding of group

    work and helps HPE practitioners to make the most of a teaching strategy which is

    already used widely in schools.

  • 26.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Annerstedt, Claes
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Inter-student interactions and student learning in Health and Physical Education: A post-Vygotskian analysis2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    If group work has not always been a central element of Physical Education (and Health - HPE), then it has certainly become one in recent times (Ward & Lee, 2005). In this paper we propose that despite: (1) the widespread use of group work in HPE; and (2) significant theoretical advances surrounding HPE models that utilize group strategies (Dyson, Griffin, & Hastie, 2004), we do not have a particularly good theoretical understanding of how learning in groups takes place in the practice of HPE. In order to fill what we see as a significant lacuna, the aim of this paper is to propose one way of conceptualizing individual learning in peer interaction based on three tenets of post-Vygotskian theory; namely that in learning situations: (i) group members create collective consciousnesses; (ii) expert-novice relationships develop and change; and (iii) knowledge can be thought of as reaching agreement (Roth & Radford, 2010). These tenets are considered with respect to three empirical instances that are represented with transcript material from observations conducted in Swedish HPE lessons. A post-Vygotskian interpretation encourages us to consider: (i) how student engagement with tasks relates to learning; (ii) how group members become “other-oriented” along with the reasons why they might not orient themselves towards others, and (iii) how “non-experts” guide interactions even as “expertness” shifts between members. Such an interpretation has the potential to contribute to a growing understanding of group work and help HPE practitioners make the most of a teaching strategy which is already used widely in schools.

     

    References

    Dyson, B., Griffin, L., & Hastie, P. (2004). Sport Education, Tactical Games, and Cooperative Learning: Theoretical and pedagogical considerations. Quest, 56, 226-240.

    Roth, W., & Radford, L. (2010). Re/thinking the zone of proximal development (symmetrically). Mind, Culture and Activity, 17, 299-307.  

    Ward, P. & Lee, M. (2005). Peer-Assisted Learning in Physical Education: A Review of Theory and Research. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 24, 205-225.

  • 27.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Annerstedt, Claes
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Learning through group work in physical education: a symbolic interactionist approach2015In: Sport, Education and Society, ISSN 1357-3322, E-ISSN 1470-1243, Vol. 20, no 5, p. 604-623Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In line with contemporary constructivist pedagogies, students are frequently expected to learn through interaction in physical education (PE). There is a relatively sophisticated body of literature focusing on learning in groups, peer teaching, and cooperative learning. Current research has not, however, focused on how the body is implicated in interactional learning. This is surprising given that much learning in PE is expected to take place in the physical domain. The aim of this paper is to contribute to current theorizing by examining social interactions in PE practice. By drawing on symbolic interactionist theory, we put forward a framework for considering how inter-student interactions occur in a multimodal sense. Key ideas relate to (1) the sequential organization of interactions; (2) the ways in which semiotic resources in different fields are used to elaborate each other; (3) the importance of interpretation as a driver of interaction; (4) the creation of local environments in which participants attend to and work together within a shared world of perception; and (5) the influence of material environments on social interaction. The specific concepts employed are epistemic ecology, epistemic position, and learning trajectory. The paper includes observational data from an investigation of learning in Swedish PE to demonstrate the explanatory power and limitations of the theoretical tenets presented. The paper is concluded with practical implications of understanding group work in a multimodal manner.

  • 28.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Wallhead, Tristan
    University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY, United States.
    Brock, Sheri
    Auburn University, Auburn, AL, United States.
    Goodyear, Victoria
    University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom.
    Amade-Escot, Chantal
    University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France.
    Group Work in Physical Education: Exploring the Interconnectedness of Theoretical Approaches and Practice2017In: Journal of teaching in physical education, ISSN 0273-5024, E-ISSN 1543-2769, Vol. 36, p. 50-60Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Student group work is a central feature of many contemporary pedagogical approaches to teaching physicaleducation. Despite this proliferation, our understanding of the teaching-learning dynamics inherent in groupwork remains limited and has tended to be under-theorized. The purpose of this paper was to examine differenttheoretical approaches to group work to identify similarities and differences and consequently provide insightsand recommendations into ways of using group work as a pedagogical strategy. Four theoretical approaches togroup work models were described in detail with brief empirical examples used to illustrate aspects to whicheach approach draws attention. The examination demonstrates conceptual overlap, elaboration and distinctionsbetween the theoretical approaches related to: (i) content knowledge; (ii) engaging learners; (iii) theteacher’s role; and (iv) group composition. Meta-theoretical discussions of teaching strategies such as groupwork generate important discourse on the potential for the development of effective pedagogical practice.

  • 29.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Wallhead, Tristan
    Division of Kinesiology and Health, University of Wyoming, Wyoming, USA.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Student learning through interaction in physical education2017In: European Physical Education Review, ISSN 1356-336X, E-ISSN 1741-2749, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 273-278Article, review/survey (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker, DeanDepartment of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sustainability in high performance sport: current practices - future directions2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Success in high performance sport is highly valued in today's world, with lucrative contracts, sponsorship deals, and opportunities for celebrity status balanced against substantial investments of time and energy, and high chances of failure. With pressure mounting on athletes and coaches to make the most of athletic investments, the temptation to make health-related or ethical compromises is growing.

    Sustainability in High Performance Sport examines the pressures faced by coaches and athletes, and considers how sustainable science can offer alternative pathways to sporting excellence. By applying principles relating to carrying capacities, complexity and uncertainty, production and consumption, and ethics, this unique book provides new ways of thinking about both enduring and emerging challenges. With a scope that includes themes such as coaching practices, coach-athlete relationships, over-training and injuries, the development of sporting expertise, and doping, Sustainability in High Performance Sport is the most comprehensive exploration of sustainability in elite sport available.It is an invaluable resource for anybody with an interest in achieving long-term success in high performance sport. This book was originally published as a special issue of Reflective Practice.

  • 31.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker, Dean
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Annerstedt, Claes
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Techno-rational knowing and phronesis: the professional practice of one middle-distance running coach2014In: Reflective Practice, ISSN 1462-3943, E-ISSN 1470-1103, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 53-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sport coaching has traditionally been seen as a techno-rational activity. In recent years, there has been a 'subjective turn'. Intuitive, as well as situation-specific interpretations are today perceived as necessary to handle complex, dynamic and often unpredictable sport environments. While a considerable body of research has attempted to understand coaching practice, research on intuitive and situation-dependent praxis is only emerging. Phronesis - mostly defined as practical wisdom or practical rationality - has been put forward as a useful theoretical concept to frame such coaching practice. In this contribution, we employ phronesis as part of sustainability science to consider the coaching of one top-level middle-distance running coach. Observations, informal talks and semi-structured interviews produced the empirical materials for this analysis. The results suggest that the coach's practice was guided by both techno-rational and phronetic knowledge. While techno-rational knowledge manifested itself in a focus on time and control, the latter was reflected in a concern for impact, focus on community, authenticity and modesty. From a phronetic perspective, these characteristics can be seen as morally just and important precursors for sustainable sport.

  • 32.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker, Dean
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rynne, Steven B.
    School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.
    Lee, Jessica
    School of Medicine, Griffith University, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.
    Learning cultures and cultural learning in high-performance sport: opportunities for sport pedagogues2016In: Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, ISSN 1740-8989, E-ISSN 1742-5786, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker, Dean
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rynne, Steven
    School of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.
    Lee, Jessica
    School of Public Health, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia.
    'One door closes, a next door opens up somewhere': The learning of one Olympic synchronised swimmer2012In: Reflective Practice, ISSN 1462-3943, E-ISSN 1470-1103, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 373-385Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although training in sport is necessary to reach Olympic status, a conditioned body is not the only outcome. Athletes also learn how to be Olympians. This learning involves taking on certain ways of acting, thinking and valuing. Such learning has implications beyond competition, as athletes eventually retire from elite sport and devote their time to other activities. This paper examines processes of learning and transition using the case of Amelia, a former Olympic synchronised swimmer. Through two in-depth interviews, empirical material was generated which focused on the learning that took place during this athlete's career and after, during her transition to paid employment. A cultural view of learning was used as the theoretical frame to understand the athlete's experiences. Our reading suggests that the athlete learned in various ways to be productive. Some of these ways of being were useful after retirement; others were less compatible. In fact, Amelia used a two-year period after retirement to reconstruct herself. Key to her eventual successful transition was to distance herself from the sport and to critically reflect upon her sporting experiences. We thus recommend that those involved with high-performance athletes foster a more balanced perspective that acknowledges and promotes ways of being beyond athletic involvement.

  • 34.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker, Dean
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sattler, Simone
    Lucerne School of Social Work, Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Lucerne, Switzerland.
    Gerber, Markus
    Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Pühse, Uwe
    Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Second Generation Immigrant Girls’ Negotiations of Cultural Proximity in Switzerland: A Foucauldian Reading2015In: Journal of International Migration and Integration, ISSN 1488-3473, E-ISSN 1874-6365, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 1213-1229Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although overtly racist political discourse in Switzerland has receded, culturalist discourses continue to construct ideal immigrants. Policies define immigrants in terms of “cultural proximity” and contain an implicit distinction between “distant” and “proximal” foreigners. Culturally, distant immigrants have been stereotyped as aggressive and/or lacking interest in education and professional success and while scholars have examined immigrants from Switzerland’s “culturally-near” regions, the experiences of second generation immigrant populations from perceived culturally distant countries have largely escaped attention. Knowledge about girls and women is particularly scarce. Against this backdrop, this paper provides an examination of how six teenage girls living in a German-speaking Swiss city negotiate their perceived cultural distance. By combining interview material with elements of Foucauldian theory, the paper provides insight into (1) the diasporic experiences of girls with second generation immigration backgrounds and (2) the operation and influence of culturalist discourses. Foucault’s notion of dispositive—the discourses, institutions, laws, and scientific findings that, through various means of distribution (e.g., media texts, policies, education curricula), act as an apparatus that constructs and supports normative ideals—provides a generative analytic tool for this task. The analysis suggests that the ways girls learn to understand their social worlds is a collective process of discipline that places mechanisms of social control within each individual. This process involves the homogenisation and marginalisation of the immigrant population and is circular in nature in that the girls strengthen and maintain the power of existing culturalist knowledge that works negatively on them. The paper concludes with a consideration of how this situation might be challenged.

  • 35.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker, Dean
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sattler, Simone
    Institute of Cultural Studies, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Gerber, Markus
    Institute of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Basel, Switzerland.
    Pühse, Uwe
    Institute of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Basel, Switzerland.
    Sport-'It's Just Healthy': Locating Healthism within Discourses of Social Integration2013In: Journal of ethnic and migration studies, ISSN 1369-183X, E-ISSN 1469-9451, Vol. 39, no 5, p. 759-772Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Immigration discourses in Switzerland have developed out of a fear of 'over-foreignisation'. Central to this development are discourses of difference in which Swiss culture is centred and foreign ones are marginalised. At present, Eastern and South-East European cultures are particularly affected. In this article, we challenge perceived cultural incommensurability by examining the socialisation of second-generation girls of immigrant background, through data generated from semi-structured interviews with them. The girls draw on a tightly defined discursive range of linguistic resources to construct the meanings of sport, health and the body. Specifically, the girls refer to healthism, within which sport is seen to provide a means to achieve good health and a slim and feminine body. These references reflect a set of knowledge and discourses important to Western cultures. Alternative discursive resources exist, yet were not utilised. We argue that the girls' adoption of healthist ideas is used to counter cultural narratives-such as the uncultured, and thus non-integrated, immigrant-and that this adoption supports and maintains white healthist ideas, 'othering' the (foreign) other.

  • 36.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rynne, Steven
    School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.
    Lee, Jessica
    School of Medicine, Gold Coast Campus, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia.
    Barker, Dean
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Athlete learning in Olympic sport2014In: Sports Coaching Review, ISSN 2164-0629, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 162-178Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    High-performance sport impacts athletes beyond the physical. Coaches and coaching practice are particularly influential in shaping this learning and development. This article examines the learning identified through an inductive content analysis of eight former Olympic athletes’ career narratives. Three phases of learning could be identified across the cohort: ‘Growing into high-performance sport’, ‘Making sense of high-performance sport’, and ‘(Re)shaping high-performance sport’. A cultural perspective of learning, in particular the metaphor of ‘becoming’, is employed to interpret the Olympians’ learning experiences. The findings of this research indicate that athlete learning is bound by particular high-performance sporting contexts and career phases, yet impacted by the athletes’ individual backgrounds and dispositions. Further, data indicate that athletes’ personal development reflexively intertwines with athletic performance and performance enhancement. Implications for coaches are to: (1) involve athletes in co-constructing their sporting cultures and training contexts; and (2) provide possibilities and support for athletes to develop personally.

  • 37.
    Gerber, Markus
    et al.
    University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Barker, Dean
    University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Gerlach, Erin
    University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Sattler, Simone
    University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Knöpfli, Martin
    University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Müller, Claudine
    University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Pühse, Uwe
    University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Sport und soziale Integration: Begriffserklärung und Konzeption der Basler SSINC-Studie2011In: Sportunterricht, ISSN 0342-2402, Vol. 60, no 2, p. 227-231Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 38. Gerlach, E
    et al.
    Barker, Dean
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Knöpfli, M
    Gerber, M
    Evaluation der SSINC-Intervention2017In: Sport, Migration und soziale Integration: Eine empirische Studie zur Bedeutung des Sports bei Jugendlichen / [ed] Gerber, M; Pühse, U, Zurich: Seismo Verlag , 2017, p. 224-250Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Janemalm, Lucas
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Barker, Dean
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden; The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences (GIH), Sweden.
    What is complex in complex movement? A discourse analysis of conceptualizations of movement in the Swedish physical education curriculum2019In: European Physical Education Review, ISSN 1356-336X, E-ISSN 1741-2749, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 1146-1160Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2011, the Swedish National Agency for Education introduced a new national curriculum. Thecurriculum contained a number of new terms. One in particular proved problematic for physicaleducators – complex movement. The confusion surrounding the term could be seen as somewhatunexpected since movement is and has been a central element of practically all physical education(PE) curricula. The specific aim of this paper is to identify how the discourse regarding complexmovement is assembled, and by doing so, provide insights into the meaning(s) of complexmovement within the context of PE policy in Sweden. Following Englund and Quennerstedt (2008),the study is framed within a Swedish curriculum theory tradition and six policy texts are examinedusing a discourse analytic methodology. The results suggest three different inferences of complexmovement discourse: advanced with a wide meaning; context-dependent and related to sports forolder pupils; and knowledge-dependent where different views about knowledge exist. From theseresults, three discussion points are raised related to: the diversity of possible meanings presentedin policy; the connection between knowledge and understanding; and the probability of differentaudiences reading the texts in different ways. The paper is concluded with a consideration of theconsequences of different inferences concerning complex movement and whether greater consensusis necessary.

  • 40.
    Janemalm, Lucas
    et al.
    Örebro University, Sweden.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro University, Sweden.
    Barker, Dean
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences. University Gothenburg, Sweden.
    What is complex in complex movement?: A discourse analysis of conceptualizations of movement in the Swedish physical education curriculum2019In: European Physical Education Review, ISSN 1356-336X, E-ISSN 1741-2749, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 1146-1160Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2011, the Swedish National Agency for Education introduced a new national curriculum. The curriculum contained a number of new terms. One in particular proved problematic for physical educators - complex movement. The confusion surrounding the term could be seen as somewhat unexpected since movement is and has been a central element of practically all physical education (PE) curricula. The specific aim of this paper is to identify how the discourse regarding complex movement is assembled, and by doing so, provide insights into the meaning(s) of complex movement within the context of PE policy in Sweden. Following Englund and Quennerstedt (2008), the study is framed within a Swedish curriculum theory tradition and six policy texts are examined using a discourse analytic methodology. The results suggest three different inferences of complex movement discourse: advanced with a wide meaning; context-dependent and related to sports for older pupils; and knowledge-dependent where different views about knowledge exist. From these results, three discussion points are raised related to: the diversity of possible meanings presented in policy; the connection between knowledge and understanding; and the probability of different audiences reading the texts in different ways. The paper is concluded with a consideration of the consequences of different inferences concerning complex movement and whether greater consensus is necessary.

  • 41. Knöpfli, M
    et al.
    Barker, Dean
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gerlach, E
    Müller, C
    Pühse, U
    Gerber, M
    SSINC-Intervention: theoretische Fundierung, Konzeption und praktische Umsetzung einer Intervention zum interkulturellen Lernen und zur Förderung sozialer Intergration im Sportunterricht2017In: Sport, Migration und soziale Integration: Eine empirische Studie zur Bedeutung des Sports bei Jugendlichen / [ed] Gerber, M., Pühse, U., Seismo Verlag , 2017, p. 208-223Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Larsson, Håkan
    et al.
    Gymnastik och idrottshögskolan (GIH), Stockholm, sverige.
    Annerstedt, Claes
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Barker, Dean
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Karlefors, Inger
    Umeå universitet, Umeå, Sverige.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Redelius, Karin
    Gymnastik och idrottshögskolan GIH, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Öhman, Marie
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Physical education: a subject for learning?2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Larsson, Håkan
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan (GIH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Caldeborg, Annica
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Janemalm, Lucas
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Ridderlund, Sara
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan (GIH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Segolsson, Joakim
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Vesterlund, Sabina
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan (GIH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Barker, Dean
    Gothenburgh university, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lundvall, Suzanne
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan (GIH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Meckbach, Jane
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan (GIH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Öhman, Marie
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Teachers as researchers investigating their PE practice!2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Larsson, Håkan
    et al.
    GIH, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Lundvall, Suzanne
    GIH, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nyberg, Gunn
    Högskolan Dalarna, Falun, Sweden.
    Barker, Dean
    Gothenburgh university, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Normkritisk idrottsundervisning2016In: SVEBI-konferens 2016, 2016Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 45.
    Lindgren, R.
    et al.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker, Dean
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Implementing the Movement-Oriented Practising Model (MPM) in physical education: empirical findings focusing on student learning2019In: Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, ISSN 1740-8989, E-ISSN 1742-5786Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Despite the existence of numerous pedagogical models, Aggerholm, Standal, Barker and Larsson [2018. Aggerholm, K., O. Standal, D. M. Barker, and H. Larsson. 2018. "On Practising in Physical Education: Outline for a Pedagogical Model." Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy 23 (2): 197-208] recently made a case for the introduction of a new model. Based on the work of German philosopher Peter Sloterdijk, the Movement-Oriented Practising Model (MPM) contains a philosophical rationale, a set of guiding principles, and an illustration of how lessons based on the model could look in the classroom. This paper reports empirical findings from an investigation in which the model was employed. The aim was to discern how students' movement dispositions develop when they take part in lessons guided by the MPM.

    Method: Empirical material was produced with one ninth-grade class that took part in ten lessons based on the MPM. Three types of empirical material were generated through observations, focus group interviews, and textual work produced by students. Analysis of the combined data was informed by Gilbert Ryle's [2009. The Concept of Mind. New York: Routledge] theory of knowing and dispositions.

    Findings: Four descriptive cases are presented. Each case focuses on a student's dispositional development over the course of the ten lessons. Dispositional development involved changes in: the ways students moved, the students' approaches to practicing and performing, and the ways the students described themselves and their learning.

    Discussion: The findings are discussed in relation to the philosophy and guiding principles of the MPM. Specifically, we consider: (1) how students developed in unique and personal ways during the module, (2) how dispositional development may not always be observable when students participate in lessons based on the MPM, and, (3) how time impacts upon learning when employing the MPM.

    Conclusion: Reflections on practical implications associated with the MPM are put forward and questions for further scholarly consideration are raised.

  • 46.
    Nyberg, Gunn
    et al.
    School of Education, Health and Social Studies, University of Dalarna, Falun, Sweden.
    Barker, Dean
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Larsson, Håkan
    The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences (GIH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Exploring the educational landscape of juggling - challenging notions of ability in physical education2020In: Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, ISSN 1740-8989, E-ISSN 1742-5786Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Research on physical education (PE) shows a prevalence of narrow and reductionist views on what counts as ability. These views tend to privilege certain students and marginalize others, and often equate ability with technique-based sport performance. A lot of research is still directed towards the above problem. However, very few have devoted time and energy to actually resolving this problem. If no alternatives to narrow and reductionist views of ability are presented, then research will struggle to make a difference to the practice of PE. Assuming that movement is a key element in PE, the question of what counts as ability in PE is, we argue, a question of what capabilities a learner needs to develop in order to move in different ways. Investigating what movement capability can mean will provide possibilities for discussing and negotiating the meaning of ability in PE when the learning goal is something other than technique-based sport performance.

    Purpose: The aim of this paper is to further advance the knowledge base of what movement capability can mean within the context of PE. By achieving this aim, we intend to challenge narrow views on ability and thereby provide enhanced possibilities for PE to make a difference for students' abilities through education.

    Theory and method: The process of coming to know something can be seen as exploring, with all senses, a landscape. Exploration involves recognizing details and nuances of the landscape and their relationships to one another. In this investigation, we examine what there is to know in the landscape of juggling using Ryle's and Polanyi's notions of knowing and learning. In line with a focus on the learners' perspectives, interviews and observations were conducted with students whilst they were coming to know juggling. Ethnographic-type conversations were used to help students describe what they seemed to know or were aiming to know. Students were invited to write diaries with a focus on their experiences during the learning process, which we hoped could extend our insights regarding the experiential aspects in learning.

    Findings: Findings of the investigation suggest that in the group of students, four significant ways of knowing the landscape of juggling are important: grasping a pattern; grasping a rhythm; preparing for the next throw and catch and navigating one's position and throwing. The research challenges the narrow view on ability as technique-based sport performance by providing examples of what movement capability can mean in terms of knowing a movement landscape alternatively to knowing a specific movement 'in the right way.'

  • 47.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Annerstedt, Claes
    Dept Food & Nutr & Sport Sci, Gothenburg Univ, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker, Dean
    Dept Food & Nutr & Sport Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Karlefors, Inger
    Dept Educ, Umeå Univ, Umeå, Sweden; Luleå Univ Technol, Luleå, Sweden.
    Larsson, Håkan
    Gymnastik och idrottshögskolan (GIH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Redelius, Karin
    Gymnastik och idrottshögskolan GIHGymnastik och idrottshögskolan (GIH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Öhman, Marie
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    What did they learn in school today?: A method for exploring aspects of learning in physical education2014In: European Physical Education Review, ISSN 1356-336X, E-ISSN 1741-2749, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 282-302Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper outlines a method for exploring learning in educational practice. The suggested method combines an explicit learning theory with robust methodological steps in order to explore aspects of learning in school physical education. The design of the study is based on sociocultural learning theory, and the approach adds to previous research within the field, both in terms of the combination of methods used and the claims made in our studies. The paper describes a way of collecting and analysing the retrieved data and discusses and illustrates the results of a study using this combination of explicit learning theory and robust methodological steps.

  • 48.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Barker, Dean
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Gothenburgh University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Power relations in Physical Education group work: a Foucauldian analysis2016In: AIESEP International Association for Physical Education in Higher Education, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Group work is used in physical education (PE) to encourage student-directed, collaborative learning. Aligned with this aim, group work is expected to shift some power from teacher to students. There are however, few investigations focusing on power in group work situations in PE and assumptions about the nature of power and its mechanisms have been largely implicit.  The purpose of this presentation is thus to introduce a way to explore power relations in PE group work building on a Foucauldian framework viewing power as action-on-action (Foucault, 1980, 1982).

    With inspiration from Gore (2001) and Öhman (2010) we look at the micro dynamics of power and how power is put into action. The question is then not if power exists, but rather how power functions in different situations (Foucault, 1982). While Gore and Öhman used Foucault’s methodological tools of techniques of power and power in terms of governance and socialisation, we instead turn more explicitly to his suggestion regarding analysis of how power come into practice in terms of five different features of power relations (Foucault 1982). We will illustrate our approach using observational data of three groups working together to choreograph a dance performance in a Swedish PE lesson. Pre- and post-lesson interview data is also used as a complementary data source in terms of exploring ‘didactic moments’ (Quennerstedt et al., 2014).

    Four specific kinds of power relations are illustrated concerning: (1) the students’ task; (2) other cultures; (3) gender; and (4) interactions with one another. These relations suggest that power relations are not simply created locally between group members, nor are power relations only a function of the members’ proficiency in the task. In these respects, the illustration encourages a reconsideration of learning in group work and open up new avenues for further research.

    References

    Foucault M (1980) Power/knowledge: Selected interviews and other writings, 1972-1977. New York: Random House.

    Foucault M (1982) The subject and power. Critical Inquiry 8: 777-795.

    Gore J (2001) Disciplining bodies: On the continuity of power relations in pedagogy. In C Peachter (Ed.), Learning, space and identity (pp. 167-181). London: Sage.

    Quennerstedt, M, Annerstedt, C, Barker, D, Karlefors, I, Larsson, H, Redelius, K. and Öhman, M, (2014) What did they learn in school today? A method for exploring aspects of learning in physical education. European Physical Education Review, 20(2): 282-302.

    Öhman M (2010) Analysing the direction of socialisation from a power perspective. Sport, Education & Society 15: 393-409. 

  • 49.
    Rönnqvist, Mats
    et al.
    The Technical High School of Lindholmen, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Larsson, Håkan
    The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nyberg, Gunn
    University of Dalarna, Falun, Sweden.
    Barker, Dean
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. The Technical High School of Lindholmen, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Understanding learners’ sense making of movement learning in physical education2019In: Curriculum Studies in Physical Education and Health, ISSN 2574-2981, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 172-186Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a substantial body of physical education scholarshipfocusing on movement learning. The question of how pupilsthemselves make sense of movement learning has however,largely escaped attention. Answers to such a question wouldseem to be highly germane if educators are to engage in pupilcenteredpedagogies. In light of this absence, the aim of thisinvestigation was to describe how movement learners madesense of their own movement development. Drawing ontheoretical tenets of Gilbert Ryle (2009. The concept of mind.New York, NY: Routledge) and Michael Polanyi (1969. Knowing andbeing. Essays by Michael Polanyi. Chicago, IL: University of ChicagoPress), three cases from an investigation in which movementlearning was occurring are presented. The investigation wasconducted during a physical education project week with pupilsfrom an upper secondary school. Data were produced usingobservations, informal interviews, semi-structured interviews, andresearch diaries as a group of pupils learned to juggle. The resultssuggest that: the aspects of moving to which learners attendchange as they learn; learners have a relatively limited capacity toverbally articulate what they learn, and; learners’ expectations ofideal ways of moving have considerable impact on how theycome to make sense of their own ways of moving. The practicalimplications of these points are discussed in the final section ofthe paper.

  • 50.
    Sattler, Simone
    et al.
    Lucerne School of Social Work, Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Lucerne, Switzerland.
    Barker, Dean
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Zur Basler SSINC-Studie - ein Mixed Method-Projekt: Befunde aus den qualitativen Interviews2017In: Sport, Migration und soziale Integration: Eine empirische Studie zur Bedeutung des Sports bei Jugendlichen / [ed] Markus Gerber, Uwe Pühse, Zürich: Seismo , 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
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