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  • 1.
    Jakobson, Liivi
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Formativ bedömning – ett måste i nätbaserad språkundervisning2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    För att kunna genomföra nätbaserade språkkurser med bra kvalité finns det ett antal viktiga moment som möjliggör studenternas språkutveckling. Ett viktigt moment är formativ bedömning inklusive kontinuerlig återkoppling. Formativ bedömning anses av flera forskare vara ett väl fungerande verktyg som gynnar lärandet. Materialet till föreliggande bidrag är baserat på en undersökning om återkoppling på nätbaserade nybörjarkurser i svenska för internationella studenter på Högskolan Dalarna. Feedback gavs med hjälp av olika digitala medier: Fronter, Adobe Connect, e-mail och MSN/Skype. Elva studenter som fick kontinuerlig feedback under hösten 2010 har lämnat sina åsikter kring tre huvudområden i studien: respons med fokus på produkt, respons med fokus på process och respons med fokus på procedur. Resultaten visar att alla dessa studenter uppskattar värdet av återkoppling. Respons på beröm/uppmuntran uppskattades högst gällande inlärningsprocessen. I området produkt uppskattades respons på språklig korrekthet (grammatiska och lexikala problem) högst. Enligt Vygoskys teori bör undervisningen ske i en sociokulturell miljö med hjälp av andra, vilket blir ännu viktigare att ta hänsyn till vid inlärning med hjälp av digitala medier. Genom återkoppling blir lärarens professionella stöttning avgörande för att nå långt i den ”proximala zonen”. Det är läraren som med interaktion och stöttning förstår vad inläraren är kapabel att utveckla med lärarens hjälp eller självständigt arbete.

  • 2.
    Jakobson, Liivi
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    “Formative Assessment – it is a Must in Web-based Technologies for Language Learning and Teaching” within the thematic area “Innovative Language Teaching and Learning Methodologies”2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Jakobson, Liivi
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Formative Assessment in Net-based Language Teaching2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Jakobson, Liivi
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Holistic perspective on Feedback for adult beginners in an online course of Swedish2015In: Apples - Journal of Applied Language Studies, ISSN 1457-9863, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 51-71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although several inquiries highlight the importance of feedback in language teaching and learning, there is a need for knowledge concerning a holistic perspective on feedback in the empirical context of written feedback for L2 adult beginners. The study reported here provides additional evidence about teachers’ actual feedback and student attitudes to feedback. The unit of analysis addresses a new context, namely Swedish as a second language, in an online course for adult beginners. The study included ten male and female university-level students with different cultural backgrounds. The purpose was to analyze several previ ously scientifically tested feedback categories for writing, which were conceptually replicated in the present study, as well as to additionally explore a new category for feedback on pronunciation in the same context. To establish causality, this study used attribution theory. The findings revealed top rankings for language accuracy and pronunciation in students’ evaluation. The teacher gave the most feedback on language accuracy. These results provide support for the importance of feedback on language accuracy which supports the empirical results of other inquiries. Furthermore, the study’s explorative findings support the need for further investigations on feedback on pronunciation. A proposition for future research is that more holistic type studies be conducted, including different categories and proficiency levels.

  • 5.
    Jakobson, Liivi
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Lärares uppfattningar om responsfokus och responssätt för vuxna nybörjarstuderandes texter i svenska som andraspråk2019In: Nordand: nordisk tidsskrift for andrespråksforskning, ISSN 0809-9227, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 25-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I föreliggande studie undersöks lärares uppfattningar om respons på vuxna nybörjarstuderandes skrivna texter i svenska som andraspråk. Studien behandlar uppfattningar om två centrala sidor av respons: 1) vad lärare fokuserar på i sina kommentarer, exempelvis innehåll och grammatik, och 2) hur respons ges, exempelvis genom beröm eller förslag. Studien kombinerar semistrukturerade individuella intervjuer med enkäter med tre erfarna lärare som undervisar på en heldistanskurs i svenska för invandrare (sfi). Studien tillämpar både Likertskala och rangordning. Analysen visar att alla responskategorier värderas som viktiga att uppmärksamma av samtliga lärare på Likertskalan. Det framkommer emellertid tydliga skillnader mellan lärarnas prioriteringar vid rangordning, vilket indikerar att de valt olika sätt att hantera kommunikationsproblem, tidsbrist, kursplanskrav och låg språkbehärskningsnivå hos de studerande i distansundervisning av nybörjarstuderande. Analysen visar också att lärarna prioriterar kommentarer i form av förslag men att det också finns divergerande uppfattningar. Lärarna ger uttryck för att de under responsarbetet vill ta hänsyn till många olika aspekter, ibland samtidigt, men att det inte alltid är lätt att veta vad som ska prioriteras. Dessutom uppmärksammar lärarna i intervjuerna ett spänningsfält mellan vilja och praktik.

  • 6.
    Jakobson, Liivi
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Review of Bitchener, John & Neomy Storch (2016) Written corrective feedback for L2 development2018In: Australian Review of Applied Linguistics, ISSN 0155-0640, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 117-120Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Jakobson, Liivi
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Skriftlig lärarrespons för vuxna nybörjare i svenska som andraspråk: teoretiska perspektiv, responspraktik och uppfattningar2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This compilation thesis serves to fill a research gap in teacher written feedback on second language (L2) writing and pronunciation by focusing on adult beginners of culturally diverse backgrounds. Basically, this thesis seeks to answer three questions: 1. What do teachers focus on and in what manner is feedback given?, 2. What are the teachers’ beliefs about feedback?, and, 3. What are the students’ preferences concerning feedback? The study presented in the first article concerns international students and elaborates on a model for analyzing teacher feedback practices regarding writing and pronunciation and the students’ ranking of that feedback. Based on the need for a holistic perspective recognized in the first study, the second article presents and discusses the research gap regarding feedback in adult beginner-learner L2 contexts and proposes a hermeneutic approach in the field of L2 research. In article three and four, a new feedback analysis model based on hermeneutics was applied for the design of a questionnaire, which includes the Likert scale and ranking. These studies investigated teachers’ (article three) and students’ (article four) perceptions and priorities regarding feedback. Data from the students’ questionnaires indicated that the students evaluated feedback on grammatical structures in writing as top priority. They generally valued all feedback manners, but clearly preferred specific praise and specific criticism. Results from the teachers’ questionnaires, combined with interviews, showed that they evaluated almost all categories as important but the ranking showed that there was a variation between teachers’ perceptions, which was influenced by a lack of time, and communication with the students, together with technical problems in web-based contexts. The analysis indicates several factors contributing to the complexity of feedback and, thus, providing feedback requires intuition and dexterity on the part of teachers. It is suggested that aligning students’ expectations and teachers’ practices and beliefs is especially important in distance-learning contexts in order to facilitate new understanding for clarifying the meaning of feedback.

  • 8.
    Jakobson, Liivi
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Teacher written feedback on adult beginners' writing in a second language: Research gaps and theoretical perspectives2018In: ITL - International Journal Of Applied Linguistics, ISSN 0019-0829, Vol. 169, no 2, p. 235-261Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Jakobson, Liivi
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Teacher written feedback to adult beginners in a web-based second language context: Teacher performance, teacher beliefs, and student preferences2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Jakobson, Liivi
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Teachers’ written feedback practices and their beliefs in a course of Swedish as a second language for adult beginners2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Jakobson, Liivi
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Testing a new teacher feedback model applied on adult beginners' writing in a second language2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Jakobson, Liivi
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    The Advantages of Formative Assessment in Web-based Technologies for Language Learning and Teaching2011Conference paper (Refereed)
1 - 12 of 12
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