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  • 1.
    Skarin, Frida
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Olsson, Lars E.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Friman, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Wästlund, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Importance of motives, self-efficacy, social support and satisfaction with travel for behavior change during travel intervention programs2019In: Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, ISSN 1369-8478, E-ISSN 1873-5517, Vol. 62, p. 451-458Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present field study investigates the reduction of car use through a voluntary travelbehavior intervention program that provides participants with temporary free publictransportation. Three factors – self-efficacy, social support and satisfaction – have previ-ously been shown to be important for behavior change during physical activity interven-tion programs. In travel behavior interventions, however, these factors have often beenstudied individually and less is known about their combined effects on travel behaviorchange. Furthermore, while motives for participating in travel behavior interventions havebeen frequently studied within travel behavior interventions research, there is a lack ofstudies investigating the influence of motives on travel behavior change. To better under-stand the importance of different motives as well as the importance of self-efficacy, socialsupport, and satisfaction with travel on behavior change, a series of surveys were admin-istered to 181 participants before, during, and after their participation in a voluntary travelbehavior intervention. The results show that greater self-efficacy and social support duringthe intervention led to greater travel behavior change. These results indicate that in orderto gain better results from travel behavior interventions, individuals should be helped toincrease their travel-related self-efficacy, and significant others should be involved to pro-vide social support. We discuss possible ways of accomplishing this.

  • 2.
    Skarin, Frida
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Olsson, Lars E.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Roos, Inger
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Friman, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    The household as an instrumental and affective trigger in intervention programs for travel behavior change2017In: Travel Behaviour & Society, ISSN 2214-367X, E-ISSN 2214-3688, Vol. 6, p. 83-89Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The household plays an important role in behavior change in many lifestyle areas. Various intervention programshave been implemented in order to change travel behavior and it is well known that travel behavior is influenced bythese, and that the household plays an important role. Less research has gone into understanding the reasons forsuch behavior changes. With the aim of understanding more about household influences and triggers of travelbehavior change, two intervention studies were conducted which included free travel passes on public transport. InStudy 1 (n=108) questionnaires were sent out by e-mail to investigate whether or not household members’ influenceanother member participating in a voluntary change program, and to thus identify influential triggers. In Study 2(n=20), interviews were conducted to identify and understand influential triggers in travel behavior change. The resultsshow, in line with previous research, that household members influence each other’s behavior. In addition toinstrumental triggers, affective triggers were also identified as being of key importance. Although the householdenabled travel behavior change, it was predominantly perceived to hinder travel behavior change.

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