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  • 1.
    Andren, Lina J.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics.
    Casselgren, Carl Johan
    Öhman, Lars-Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics.
    Avoiding Arrays of Odd Order by Latin Squares2013In: Combinatorics, probability & computing, ISSN 0963-5483, E-ISSN 1469-2163, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 184-212Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We prove that there is a constant c such that, for each positive integer k, every (2k + 1) x (2k + 1) array A on the symbols 1, ... , 2k + 1 with at most c(2k + 1) symbols in every cell, and each symbol repeated at most c(2k + 1) times in every row and column is avoidable; that is, there is a (2k + 1) x (2k + 1) Latin square S on the symbols 1, ... , 2k + 1 such that, for each i, j is an element of {1, ... , 2k + 1}, the symbol in position (i, j) of S does not appear in the corresponding cell in Lambda. This settles the last open case of a conjecture by Haggkvist. Using this result, we also show that there is a constant rho, such that, for any positive integer n, if each cell in an n x n array B is assigned a set of m <= rho n symbols, where each set is chosen independently and uniformly at random from {1, ... , n}, then the probability that B is avoidable tends to 1 as n -> infinity.

  • 2.
    Andrén, Lina J.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics.
    Avoidability by Latin squares of arrays of even orderManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We prove that for any k and any 2k × 2k array A such that no cell in A contains more than   k/2550 symbols, and no symbol occurs more than k/2550 times in any row or column, there is a Latin square such that no 2550cell in the Latin square contains a symbol that occurs in the corresponding cell in A. This proves a conjecture of Häggkvist [8] in the special case of arrays with even side.

  • 3.
    Andrén, Lina J.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics.
    Avoidability of random arraysManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    An n×n array that in each cell contains a subset of the symbols 1, . . . , n is avoidable if there exists a Latin square of order n such that no cell in the Latin square contains a symbol which belongs to the set of symbols in the corresponding cell of the array. Some results on deterministic conditions for avoidability of arrays have been found, but here we study the problem of having an array with randomly assigned subsets of C in its cells. This is equivalent to the problem of list-edge-coloring  with randomly assigned lists from the set {1, . . . , n}. We show that an array where each symbol appears in each cell with probability p will be avoidable with very high probability even if p is such that the expected number of symbols forbidden in each cell is slightly higher than what deterministic theorems can prove is avoidable.

  • 4.
    Andrén, Lina J.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics.
    Avoiding (m, m, m)-arrays of order n = 2kManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    An (m, m, m)-array of order n is an n × n array such that each cell is assigned a set of at most m symbols from {1,...,n} such that no symbol occurs more than m times in any row or column. An (m,m,m)- array is called avoidable if there exists a Latin square such that no cell in the Latin square contains a symbol that also belongs to the set assigned to the corresponding cell in the array. We show that there is a constant γ such that if m ≤ γ2k, then any (m,m,m)-array of order 2k is avoidable. Such a constant γ has been conjectured to exist for all n by Häggkvist.

  • 5.
    Andrén, Lina J
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics.
    Avoiding (m, m, m)-arrays of order n=2(k)2012In: The Electronic Journal of Combinatorics, ISSN 1097-1440, E-ISSN 1077-8926, Vol. 19, no 1, p. P63-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An (m, m, m)-array of order n is an n x n array such that each cell is assigned a set of at most m symbols from f 1,...,n g such that no symbol occurs more than m times in any row or column. An (m, m, m)-array is called avoidable if there exists a Latin square such that no cell in the Latin square contains a symbol that also belongs to the set assigned to the corresponding cell in the array. We show that there is a constant gamma such that if m <= gamma 2(k) and k >= 14, then any (m, m, m)-array of order n = 2(k) is avoidable. Such a constant gamma has been conjectured to exist for all n by Haggkvist.

  • 6.
    Andrén, Lina J.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics.
    On Latin squares and avoidable arrays2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of the four papers listed below and a survey of the research area.

    I Lina J. Andrén: Avoiding (m, m, m)-arrays of order n = 2k

    II Lina J. Andrén: Avoidability of random arrays

    III Lina J. Andr´en: Avoidability by Latin squares of arrays with even order

    IV Lina J. Andrén, Carl Johan Casselgren and Lars-Daniel Öhman: Avoiding arrays of odd order by Latin squares

    Papers I, III and IV are all concerned with a conjecture by Häggkvist saying that there is a constant c such that for any positive integer n, if m ≤ cn, then for every n × n array A of subsets of {1, . . . , n} such that no cell contains a set of size greater than m, and none of the elements 1, . . . , n belongs to more than m of the sets in any row or any column of A, there is a Latin square L on the symbols 1, . . . , n such that there is no cell in L that contains a symbol that belongs to the set in the corresponding cell of A. Such a Latin square is said to avoid A. In Paper I, the conjecture is proved in the special case of order n = 2k . Paper III improves on the techniques of Paper I, expanding the proof to cover all arrays of even order. Finally, in Paper IV, similar methods are used together with a recoloring theorem to prove the conjecture for all orders. Paper II considers another aspect of the problem by asking to what extent way a deterministic result concerning the existence of Latin squares that avoid certain arrays can be used when the sets in the array are assigned randomly.

  • 7.
    Andrén, Lina J.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics.
    Casselgren, Carl Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics.
    Öhman, Lars-Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics.
    Avoiding arrays of odd order by Latin squaresManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We prove that there exists a constant c such that for each pos- itive integer k every (2k+1)×(2k+1) array A on the symbols 1,...,2k+1 with at most c(2k + 1) symbols in every cell, and each symbol repeated at most c(2k+1) times in every row and column is avoidable; that is, there is a (2k+1)×(2k+1) Latin square S on the symbols 1,...,2k+1 such that for each cell (i, j) in S the symbol in (i, j) does not appear in the corresponding cell in A. This settles the last open case of a conjecture by Häggkvist.

  • 8. Riener, Cordian
    et al.
    Theobald, Thorsten
    Jansson Andren, Lina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics.
    Lasserre, Jean B.
    Exploiting Symmetries in SDP-Relaxations for Polynomial Optimization2013In: Mathematics of Operations Research, ISSN 0364-765X, E-ISSN 1526-5471, Vol. 38, no 1, p. 122-141Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we study various approaches for exploiting symmetries in polynomial optimization problems within the framework of semidefinite programming relaxations. Our special focus is on constrained problems especially when the symmetric group is acting on the variables. In particular, we investigate the concept of block decomposition within the framework of constrained polynomial optimization problems, show how the degree principle for the symmetric group can be computationally exploited, and also propose some methods to efficiently compute the geometric quotient.

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