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  • 1. Hammar, AnnaSara
    et al.
    Holmberg, Linn
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur och estetik.
    Varför mikrohistoria?: Om teckentydningens dragningskraft och historievetenskaplig transparens2017Ingår i: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 137, nr 3, s. 437-447Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 2.
    Holmberg, Linn
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    De lärda maurinerna i upplysningstidens Paris2009Ingår i: Signum : katolsk orientering om kyrka, kultur, samhälle, ISSN 0347-0423, nr 1, s. 43-51Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3.
    Holmberg, Linn
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    The forgotten encyclopedia: the Maurists' dictionary of arts, crafts, and sciences, the unrealized rival of the Encyclopédie of Diderot and d'Alembert2014Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In mid-eighteenth century Paris, two Benedictine monks from the Congregation of Saint-Maur – also known as the Maurists – started compiling a universal dictionary of arts, crafts, and sciences. The project was initiated simultaneously with what would become one of the most famous literary enterprises in Western intellectual history: the Encyclopédie of Diderot and d’Alembert. The latter started as an augmented translation of Ephraim Chambers’s Cyclopaedia, but it was constructed with another French dictionary as its ideological counterpart: the Jesuits’ Dictionnaire de Trévoux. While the Encyclopédie eventually turned into a controversial but successful best-seller, considered as the most important medium of Enlightenment thought, the Benedictines never finished or published their work. After a decade, the manuscripts were put aside in the monastery library, and were soon forgotten. For about two hundred and sixty years, the Maurists’ dictionary material has largely escaped the attention of researchers, and its history of production has been unknown.

         This dissertation examines the history and characteristics of the Maurists’ enterprise. The manuscripts are compared to the Encyclopédie and the Dictionnaire de Trévoux, and the project situated within its monastic environment of production, the history of the encyclopedic dictionary, and the Enlightenment culture. The study has an interdisciplinary character and combines perspectives of History of Science and Ideas, History of Monasticism, History of Encyclopedism, and History of the Book. The research procedure is distinguished by a microhistorical approach, where the studied materials are analyzed in a detailed manner, and the research process included in the narrative. 

         The dissertation shows that the Maurists early found themselves in a rival situation with the embryonic Encyclopédie, and that the two projects had several common denominators that distinguished them from the predecessors within the genre. At the same time, the Maurists were making a dictionary unique in the eighteenth century, which assumed a third position in relation to the works of the encyclopédistes and the Jesuits. The study provides new perspectives on the Encyclopédie of Diderot and d’Alembert, the intellectual activities of the Congregation of Saint-Maur, as well as the editor in charge of the Maurist dictionary: Dom Antoine-Joseph Pernety, otherwise known for his alchemical writings. 

  • 4.
    Holmberg, Linn
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    The Maurists' in the age of enlightenment: modernity, identity and secularized knowledge production within a monastic community in eighteenth-century France2010Ingår i: Bulletin du CERCOR, ISSN 0762-6460, nr 34, s. 142-155Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 5.
    Holmberg, Linn
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur och estetik.
    The Maurists' unfinished encyclopedia2017Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this ground-breaking study, Linn Holmberg provides new perspectives on the Enlightenment ‘dictionary wars’ and offers a fascinating insight into the intellectual reorientation of a monastic community in the Age of Reason.

    In mid-eighteenth-century Paris, two Benedictine monks from the Congregation of Saint-Maur – also known as the Maurists – began working on a universal dictionary of arts, crafts, and sciences. At the same time, Diderot and D’Alembert started to compile the famous Encyclopédie. The Benedictines, however, never finished or published their work and the manuscripts were left, forgotten, in the monastery archive. In the first study devoted to the Maurists’ unfinished encyclopedia, Holmberg explores the project’s origins, development, and abandonment and sheds new light on the intellectual activities of its creators, the emergence of the encyclopedic dictionary in France, and the Encyclopédie of Diderot and D’Alembert.

    Holmberg adopts a multidisciplinary approach to the challenges of studying a hitherto unexplored and incomplete manuscript. By using codicology and handwriting analysis, the author reconstructs the drafts’ order of production, estimates the number of compilers and the nature of their work, and detects comprehensive editorial interferences made by nineteenth-century conservators at the Bibliothèque nationale de France. Holmberg’s meticulous work proves, with textual evidence, the Maurist dictionary’s origins as an augmented translation of a mathematical dictionary by Christian Wolff. Through comparing the Maurists’ manuscripts to the Encyclopédie and the Jesuits’ Dictionnaire de Trévoux, the author highlights striking similarities between the Benedictine project and that of Diderot and D’Alembert, showing that the philosophes were neither first with their encyclopedic innovations, nor alone in their secular Enlightenment endeavours. 

  • 6.
    Holmberg, Linn
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    The unknown rival of the encyclopédie: the Maurists' abandoned dictionary of arts, crafts and sciences2013Ingår i: Frühneuzeit-Info, ISSN 0940-4007, Vol. 24, s. 81-89Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
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