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  • 1.
    Diehl, Monika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Näslund, Monica
    Umeå University, Umeå University Library.
    Hed, Helen
    Umeå University, Umeå University Library.
    Skrivsvårigheter, demokrati och lärarutbildning: utmaningar, förutsättningar och möjligheter2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studenters bristande förmåga att uttrycka sig i skrift har under en längre tid varit ämne för diskussion, såväl i medialt som inom akademin. I denna rapport fokuseras på lärarstudenter då deras (o)förmåga att kommunicera i skrift är av yttersta vikt för framtida generationer. I rapporten argumenteras för detta utifrån ett demokratiperspektiv.  Situationen i Sverige idag är i många avseenden problematisk. Det råder en enorm brist på lärare, kraven för att bli antagen till lärarutbildningen är låga och allmänhetens förtroende för, och tillit till, lärare är förhållandevis låg. I rapportens första del ges en översikt avseende tänkbara orsaker till studenters bristande förmåga att uttrycka sig i skrift, medias rapportering, studieverkstäders betydelse samt andra universitets och högskolors föreslagna och genomförda åtgärder. Frågan om lärare och skrivsvårigheter tas upp i relation till demokrati och rapportens första del avslutas med ett avsnitt om lärarutbildning, lärares professionalisering och professionalism. Rapportens andra del inleds med en kort beskrivning av universitets och högskolors uppdrag och ger sedan en översiktlig bild av nuläget (2018) vid Umeå universitet avseende lärarutbildning. Rapporten avslutas med några förslag på fortsatt utvecklings-arbete i syfte att stötta studenters skrivkompetens.

  • 2.
    Hed, Helen
    Umeå University, Umeå University Library.
    Bibliotekarien som lärare2001In: Lärares liv - vision och verklighet: universitetspedagogisk konferens i Umeå 15-16 februari 2001 / [ed] Berit Bylund, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2001, p. 57-69Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Hed, Helen
    Umeå University, Umeå University Library.
    Bibliotekspedagog - en ny profession2002In: Distanslärare och distanslärande. En antologi.: Distansutbildningsmyndigheten Rapport 6:2002 / [ed] Margaretha Gisselberg, Härnösand: Distum , 2002, p. 43-58Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 4.
    Hed, Helen
    Umeå University.
    Opportunity for selection during the 17th-19thcenturies in the diocese of Linkoping as estimated with Crow's Index in a population of clergymen's wives1984In: Human Heredity, ISSN 0001-5652, E-ISSN 1423-0062, Vol. 34, no 6, p. 378-387Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Hed, Helen
    Umeå University.
    Opportunity for selection in the parish of Tuna, Sweden.1987In: Human Heredity, ISSN 0001-5652, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 30-35Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Hed, Helen
    Umeå University.
    Selection opportunities in 7 swedish 19TH-century populations1986In: Human Biology, ISSN 0018-7143, E-ISSN 1534-6617, Vol. 58, no 6, p. 919-931Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Hed, Helen
    Umeå University.
    Trends in opportunity for natural selection in the Swedish population during the period 1650-19801987In: Human biology, ISSN 0018-7143, Vol. 59, no 5, p. 785-797Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Hed, Helen
    Umeå University, Umeå University Library.
    Är det bra för distansstudenter är det bra för alla2015In: Bortom förlägenheten: bibliotekariens pedagogiska roll i utveckling / [ed] Hilda Androls, Elin Lucassi, Christine Wallén, Stockholm: Kungl. biblioteket , 2015, 1, p. 153-162Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I Sverige har vi en lång tradition av studier på distans, först via brevskolorna och sedan även via universitet och högskolor. En viktig skillnad mellan campus- och distansstudenter är just campuset med alla de resurser som finns där – inklusive biblioteket. Jag som bibliotekarie blev intresserad av detta när jag insåg hur små möjligheter distansstudenterna hade att nyttja biblioteket när de vid något tillfälle varje termin var på campus – om de nu över huvud taget gjorde det.

  • 9.
    Hed, Helen M. E.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology.
    Opportunity for natural selection in Sweden: a study of childhood mortality and differential reproductivity1986Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Opportunity for natural selection in human populations has so far mainly been studied on anthropological data for tribal populations or on census data for nations. The present study is mainly based on data on individual lifehistories but also, for part of the longitudinal study, on census data. Six of the populations, Nedertorneå, Tuna, Svinnegarn, Trosa, Locknevi and Fleninge are parishes. These sets of data covers the period 1800-1850 as defined by the birthyears of the women. The data for the longitudinal study are derived from two sour­ces, a biography over all clergymen in the diocese of Linköping, cove­ring the period 1600-1845, and material published by the National Swe­dish Central Bureau of Statistics (SCB) that covers the period 1750-1980. For each subpopulation data on childhood mortality and female fertility has been collected and from these data Crow's index of opportunity for natural selection has been calculated. The original index has also been modified in order to estimate the importance of childlessness in relation to the total index.

    The study shows that for the periods and the populations studied, there is a considerable opportunity for natural selection both through mortality and through differential fertility and that, during our cen­tury, differential fertility has become the main asset for natural se­lection, as mortality has been reduced to very low levels. It is also obvious that childlessness is an important factor as regards natural selection in human populations. The cross-sectional study shows signi­ficant differences between the populations for all components of the index. The longitudinal study covers when, the two sets of data are combined, a period of over 350 years, 1600-1980. Over this period changes in index of opportunity for natural selection have occured but these changes are not very drastic as compared to other longitudinal studies. However, within a separate region there can be drastic chang­es in index between decades and there are large differences between regions.

    Mortality and fertility patterns have been studied from different angles. With the exception for the census data, each woman in the stu­dy has be followed from 16 to 40 years of age and each of her children (if any) has be followed from birth to 16 years of age or death, if prior. Therefore it was possible to obtain distributions for age at first childbirth, sibship size, succesful sibship size, childhood mor­tality by age at death, female mortality, and childlessness, total and marital. In some cases a study of sex ratio at birth and at 16 years of age, and birth intervals, have been made. Statistical analysis of the results shows significant differences between populations for all tests that have been applied. The Linköping data was analysed for dif­ferences between periods. Significant differences were found for all of the parameters with the exception of female mortality.

  • 10.
    Hed, Helen
    et al.
    Umeå University.
    Rasmuson, Marianne
    Umeå University.
    Cohort study of Opportunity for selection on 2 Swedish 19th-century parishes with a survey of other estimates1981In: Human Heredity, ISSN 0001-5652, E-ISSN 1423-0062, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 78-83Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Hed, Helen
    et al.
    Umeå University, Umeå University Library.
    Öberg, Gunni
    Umeå University, Umeå University Library.
    Biblioteksguide för distansstuderande2001In: Lärares liv - vision och verklighet: universitetspedagogisk konferens i Umeå 15-16 februari 2001 / [ed] Berit Bylund, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2001, 1, p. 228-238Conference paper (Other academic)
1 - 11 of 11
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