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  • 1.
    Björnham, Oscar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    Bugaytsova, Jeanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Borén, Thomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Schedin, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    Dynamic force spectroscopy of the Helicobacter pylori BabA-Lewis b binding2009In: Biophysical Chemistry, ISSN 0301-4622, E-ISSN 1873-4200, Vol. 143, no 1-2, p. 102-105Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The binding strength of the Helicobacter pylori adhesin–receptor complex BabA-ABO/Lewis b has been analyzed by means of dynamic force pectroscopy. High-resolution measurements of rupture forces were performed in situ on single bacterial cells, expressing the high-affinity binding BabA adhesin, by the use of force measuring optical tweezers. The resulting force spectra revealed the mechanical properties of a single BabA–Leb bond. It was found that the bond is dominated by one single energy barrier and that it is a slipbond. The bond length and thermal off-rate were assessed to be 0.86±0.07 nm and 0.015±0.006 s−1, respectively.

  • 2.
    Bugaytsova, Jeanna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Björnhamn, Oscar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    Henriksson, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Johansson, Pär
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Mendez, Melissa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Sjöström, Rolf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Brännström, Kristoffer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Aisenbrey, Christopher
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Shevtsova, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Bylund, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Mahdavi, Jafar
    Ögren, Johan
    Ilver, Dag
    Gilman, Robert H
    Chowdhury, Abhijit
    The Swedish Institute for Control, Solna, Swede.
    Mukhopadhyay, Asish K
    Engstrand, Lars
    Oscarson, Stefan
    Kelly, Charles G
    Younson, Justine S
    Odenbreit, Stefan
    Solnick, Jay
    Gröbner, Gerhard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Haas, Rainer
    Dubois, Andre
    Schedin, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    Berg, Douglas E
    Arnqvist, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Borén, Thomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    pH regulated H. pylori adherence: implications for persistent infection and diseaseManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Helicobacter pylori’s BabA adhesin binds strongly to gastric mucosal ABH/Leb glycans on the stomach epithelium and overlying mucus, materials continuously shed into the acidic gastric lumen. Here we report that this binding is acid labile, acid inactivation is fully reversible; and acid lability profiles vary with BabA sequence and correlate with disease patterns. Isogenic H. pylori strains from the gastric antrum and more acidic corpus were identified that differed in acid lability of receptor binding and in sequence near BabA’s carbohydrate binding domain. We propose that reversible acid inactivation of receptor binding helps H. pylori avoid clearance by mucosal shedding, and that strain differences in acid lability affect tissue tropism and the spectrum of associated gastric diseases.

  • 3.
    Bugaytsova, Zhanna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
    Lindström, E Börje
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Molecular Biology (Faculty of Science and Technology).
    Localization, purification and properties of a tetrathionate hydrolase from Acidithiobacillus caldus2004In: European Journal of Biochemistry, ISSN 0014-2956, E-ISSN 1432-1033, Vol. 271, no 2, p. 272-280Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The moderately thermophilic bacterium Acidithiobacillus caldus is found in bacterial populations in many bioleaching operations throughout the world. This bacterium oxidizes elemental sulfur and other reduced inorganic sulfur compounds as the sole source of energy. The purpose of this study was to purify and characterize the tetrathionate hydrolase of A. caldus. The enzyme was purified 16.7-fold by one step chromatography using a SP Sepharose column. The purified enzyme resolved into a single band in 10% polyacrylamide gel, both under denaturing and native conditions. Its homogeneity was confirmed by N-terminal amino acid sequencing. Tetrathionate hydrolase was shown to be a homodimer with a molecular mass of 103 kDa (composed from two 52 kDa monomers). The purified enzyme had optimum activity at pH 3.0 and 40 degreesC and an isoelectric point of 9.8. The periplasmic localization of the enzyme was determined by differential fractionation of A. caldus cells. Detected products of the tetrathionate hydrolase reaction were thiosulfate and pentathionate as confirmed by RP-HPLC analysis. The activity of the purified enzyme was drastically enhanced by divalent metal ions.

  • 4.
    Henriksson, Sara
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Mendez, Melissa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Bugaytsova, Jeanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Brännström, Kristoffer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Nordén, Jenny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Berg, Douglas E
    Blixt, Ola
    Teneberg, Susann
    Borén, Thomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Clinical isolates of Helicobacter pylori demonstrates alternative BabA-mediated adherence to human gastric mucosaManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Helicobacter pylori infection is life-long and can cause peptic ulcer disease and gastric cancer. The H. pylori BabA adhesin binds the ABO/Leb blood group (bg) antigens (Leb), which mediates attachment to the gastric epithelium. The prevalence of ABO binding is high worldwide and also in northern Europe. However, prevalence is reduced by 50% in Germany and is further reduced in Spain and Portugal. An inventory of strains from different European populations resulted in strains with high level of BabA expression but very little or no binding to Leb. The majority of such strains could not bind to human gastric mucosa in vitro. We further characterized a Spanish isolates, strain 812, that binds only weakly to soluble Leb-conjugate but still adheres firmly to gastric mucosa indicative of that it might bind to an alternative set of receptor. Receptor analysis by glycan arrays revealed higher binding of strain 812 to ALeb and Bleb glycans than to Leb, indicating that BabA from strain 812 has shifted its binding epitope somewhat away from the central Fuca1.2Gal bg domain and closer to the very terminal bg A and B determinants, i.e. GalNAca1.3Gal (bgA) or the Gala1.3Gal (bgB). By a colony screening approach we identified a subpopulation of 812 clones adapted for stronger Leb binding. Such affinity shifts comes from replacement of distinguishing amino acids by mechanisms of recombination with a BabA-related outer membrane protein.

  • 5. Ito, Yuki
    et al.
    Vela, Jose Luis
    Matsumura, Fumiko
    Hoshino, Hitomi
    Tyznik, Aaron
    Lee, Heeseob
    Girardi, Enrico
    Zajonc, Dirk M
    Liddington, Robert
    Kobayashi, Motohiro
    Bao, Xingfeng
    Bugaytsova, Jeanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Borén, Thomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Jin, Rongsheng
    Zong, Yinong
    Seeberger, Peter H
    Nakayama, Jun
    Kronenberg, Mitchell
    Fukuda, Minoru
    Helicobacter pylori Cholesteryl α-Glucosides Contribute to Its Pathogenicity and Immune Response by Natural Killer T Cells2013In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 12, article id e78191Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Approximately 10-15% of individuals infected with Helicobacter pylori will develop ulcer disease (gastric or duodenal ulcer), while most people infected with H. pylori will be asymptomatic. The majority of infected individuals remain asymptomatic partly due to the inhibition of synthesis of cholesteryl α-glucosides in H. pylori cell wall by α1,4-GlcNAc-capped mucin O-glycans, which are expressed in the deeper portion of gastric mucosa. However, it has not been determined how cholesteryl α-glucosyltransferase (αCgT), which forms cholesteryl α-glucosides, functions in the pathogenesis of H. pylori infection. Here, we show that the activity of αCgT from H. pylori clinical isolates is highly correlated with the degree of gastric atrophy. We investigated the role of cholesteryl α-glucosides in various aspects of the immune response. Phagocytosis and activation of dendritic cells were observed at similar degrees in the presence of wild-type H. pylori or variants harboring mutant forms of αCgT showing a range of enzymatic activity. However, cholesteryl α-glucosides were recognized by invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells, eliciting an immune response in vitro and in vivo. Following inoculation of H. pylori harboring highly active αCgT into iNKT cell-deficient (Jα18(-/-)) or wild-type mice, bacterial recovery significantly increased in Jα18(-/-) compared to wild-type mice. Moreover, cytokine production characteristic of Th1 and Th2 cells dramatically decreased in Jα18(-/-) compared to wild-type mice. These findings demonstrate that cholesteryl α-glucosides play critical roles in H. pylori-mediated gastric inflammation and precancerous atrophic gastritis.

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  • 6. Magalhaes, Ana
    et al.
    Marcos-Pinto, Ricardo
    Gomes, Joana
    Nairn, Alison V.
    Rossez, Yannick
    Robbe-Masselot, Catherine
    Maes, Emmanuel
    Bugaytsova, Zhanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Figueiredo, Ceu
    Borén, Thomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Moremen, Kelley W.
    Reis, Celso A.
    The glycan receptors of Helicobacter pylori: decoding the pathways underlying gastric glycophenotype modulation2016In: Glycobiology, ISSN 0959-6658, E-ISSN 1460-2423, Vol. 26, no 12, p. 1401-1402Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The gastrointestinal tract is covered by a complex extracellular mucus layer that protects the gastric epithelium fromexternal aggressions such as chemical agents, microorganismsand shear stress. Although this mucus barrier confers protec-tion against certain pathogens, it may also provide a niche formicrobial binding.Helicobacter pyloriexploits the host glycoconjugates present in the gastric mucus layer and lining thesurface epithelium of the gastric mucosa to colonize the stomach. Infection can persist for decades promoting chronicinflammation, and in a subset of individuals lesions cansilently progress to cancer. The secreted MUC5AC mucin isthe main component of the gastric mucus layer, andH. pyloriBabA-mediated binding to MUC5AC confers increased riskfor overt disease. We have shown that FUT2 determines theO-glycosylation pattern of Muc5ac, with Fut2 knock-outleading to a marked decrease inα1,2-fucosylated structuresand increased expression of the terminal type 1 glycan structure Lewisa. Importantly, for thefirst time, we structurallyvalidated the expression of Lewisain murine gastric mucosa(1). We further demonstrated that loss of mucin FUT2-mediated fucosylation impairs gastric mucosal binding ofH.pyloriBabA adhesin, which is a recognized feature of patho-genicity. UponH. pyloriinfection,concomitantly with tissueinflammation, there is a remodeling of the gastric glycopheno-type. We showed that increased expression of sialyl-Lewisa/xantigens is due to transcriptional up-regulation of theB3GNT5,B3GALT5,andFUT3genes. In addition, weobserved thatH. pyloriinfected individuals present a markedgastric local pro-inflammatory signature with significantlyhigher TNF-αlevels and demonstrated that TNF-induced activation of the NF-kappaB pathway results in B3GNT5 up-regulation (2). Furthermore, we showed that this gastric glycosylation shift, characterized by increased sialylation pat-terns, favors SabA-mediatedH. pyloriattachment to humaninflamed gastric mucosa. Our data provides clinically relevantinsights into the regulatory mechanisms underlyingH. pylorimodulation of host glycosylation machinery, and phenotypicalterations crucial for life-long infection and gastric disease.

  • 7. Magalhaes, Ana
    et al.
    Rossez, Yannick
    Robbe-Masselot, Catherine
    Maes, Emmanuel
    Gomes, Joana
    Shevtsova, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Bugaytsova, Jeanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Boren, Thomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Reis, Celso A.
    Muc5ac gastric mucin glycosylation is shaped by FUT2 activity and functionally impacts Helicobacter pylori binding2016In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 6, article id 25575Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The gastrointestinal tract is lined by a thick and complex layer of mucus that protects the mucosal epithelium from biochemical and mechanical aggressions. This mucus barrier confers protection against pathogens but also serves as a binding site that supports a sheltered niche of microbial adherence. The carcinogenic bacteria Helicobacter pylori colonize the stomach through binding to host glycans present in the glycocalyx of epithelial cells and extracellular mucus. The secreted MUC5AC mucin is the main component of the gastric mucus layer, and BabA-mediated binding of H. pylori to MUC5AC confers increased risk for overt disease. In this study we unraveled the O-glycosylation profile of Muc5ac from glycoengineered mice models lacking the FUT2 enzyme and therefore mimicking a non-secretor human phenotype. Our results demonstrated that the FUT2 determines the O-glycosylation pattern of Muc5ac, with Fut2 knock-out leading to a marked decrease in alpha 1,2-fucosylated structures and increased expression of the terminal type 1 glycan structure Lewis-a. Importantly, for the first time, we structurally validated the expression of Lewis-a in murine gastric mucosa. Finally, we demonstrated that loss of mucin FUT2-mediated fucosylation impairs gastric mucosal binding of H. pylori BabA adhesin, which is a recognized feature of pathogenicity.

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  • 8. Moonens, Kristof
    et al.
    Gideonsson, Pär
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Subedi, Suresh
    Bugaytsova, Jeanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Romao, Ema
    Mendez, Melissa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Nordén, Jenny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Fallah, Mahsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Rakhimova, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Shevtsova, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Lahmann, Martina
    Castaldo, Gaetano
    Brännström, Kristoffer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Coppens, Fanny
    Lo, Alvin W.
    Ny, Tor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Solnick, Jay V.
    Vandenbussche, Guy
    Oscarson, Stefan
    Hammarström, Lennart
    Arnqvist, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Berg, Douglas E.
    Muyldermans, Serge
    Borén, Thomas
    Remaut, Han
    Structural Insights into Polymorphic ABO Glycan Binding by Helicobacter pylori2016In: Cell Host and Microbe, ISSN 1931-3128, E-ISSN 1934-6069, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 55-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Helicobacter pylori adhesin BabA binds mucosal ABO/Le b blood group (bg) carbohydrates. BabA facilitates bacterial attachment to gastric surfaces, increasing strain virulence and forming a recognized risk factor for peptic ulcers and gastric cancer. High sequence variation causes BabA functional diversity, but the underlying structural-molecular determinants are unknown. We generated X-ray structures of representative BabA isoforms that reveal a polymorphic, three-pronged Le(b) binding site. Two diversity loops, DL1 and DL2, provide adaptive control to binding affinity, notably ABO versus O bg preference. H. pylori strains can switch bg preference with single DL1 amino acid substitutions, and can coexpress functionally divergent BabA isoforms. The anchor point for receptor binding is the embrace of an ABO fucose residue by a disulfide-clasped loop, which is inactivated by reduction. Treatment with the redox-active pharmaceutic N-acetylcysteine lowers gastric mucosal neutrophil infiltration in H. pylori-infected Le(b)-expressing mice, providing perspectives on possible H. pylori eradication therapies.

  • 9. Parreira, P.
    et al.
    Shi, Q.
    Magalhaes, A.
    Reis, C. A.
    Bugaytsova, Jeanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Borén, Thomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Leckband, D.
    Martins, M. C. L.
    Atomic force microscopy measurements reveal multiple bonds between Helicobacter pylori blood group antigen binding adhesin and Lewis b ligand2014In: Journal of the Royal Society Interface, ISSN 1742-5689, E-ISSN 1742-5662, Vol. 11, no 101, p. UNSP 20141040-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The strength of binding between the Helicobacter pylori blood group antigen-binding adhesin (BabA) and its cognate glycan receptor, the Lewis b blood group antigen (Leb), was measured by means of atomic force microscopy. High-resolution measurements of rupture forces between single receptor-ligand pairs were performed between the purified BabA and immobilized Leb structures on self-assembled monolayers. Dynamic force spectroscopy revealed two similar but statistically different bond populations. These findings suggest that the BabA may form different adhesive attachments to the gastric mucosa in ways that enhance the efficiency and stability of bacterial adhesion.

  • 10. Subedi, Suresh
    et al.
    Moonens, Kristof
    Romao, Ema
    Lo, Alvin
    Vandenbussche, Guy
    Bugaytsova, Jeanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Muyldermans, Serge
    Borén, Thomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Remaut, Han
    Expression, purification and X-ray crystallographic analysis of the Helicobacter pylori blood group antigen-binding adhesin BabA2014In: Acta Crystallographica. Section F: Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications, ISSN 1744-3091, E-ISSN 1744-3091, Vol. 70, p. 1631-1635Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Helicobacter pylori is a human pathogen that colonizes about 50% of the world's population, causing chronic gastritis, duodenal ulcers and even gastric cancer. A steady emergence of multiple antibiotic resistant strains poses an important public health threat and there is an urgent requirement for alternative therapeutics. The blood group antigen-binding adhesin BabA mediates the intimate attachment to the host mucosa and forms a major candidate for novel vaccine and drug development. Here, the recombinant expression and crystallization of a soluble BabA truncation (BabA(25-460)) corresponding to the predicted extracellular adhesin domain of the protein are reported. X-ray diffraction data for nanobody-stabilized BabA 25-460 were collected to 2.25 angstrom resolution from a crystal that belonged to space group P2(1), with unit-cell parameters a = 50.96, b = 131.41, c = 123.40 angstrom, alpha = 90.0, beta = 94.8, gamma = 90.0 degrees, and which was predicted to contain two BabA(25-460)-nanobody complexes per asymmetric unit.

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