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  • 1. Carlsson, Torsten
    et al.
    Bråkenhielm, Carl Reinhold
    Uppsala universitet, Teologiska institutionen.
    Andersson-Skog, Lena
    Forsling, Willis
    Luleå tekniska universitet .
    Hilding-Rydevik, Tuija
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet .
    Johansson, Lennart
    Wene, Clas-Otto
    Chalmers Tekniska Högskola.
    Harms-Ringdahl, Mats
    Stockholms universitet.
    Högdahl, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Kunskapslägesrapport på kärnavfallsområdet 2010: utmaningar för slutförvarsprogrammet : rapport2010Report (Other academic)
  • 2. Carlsson, Torsten
    et al.
    Bråkenhielm, Carl Reinhold
    Uppsala universitet, Teologiska institutionen.
    Andersson-Skog, Lena
    Umeå universitet.
    Forsling, Willis
    Luleå tekniska universitet .
    Hilding-Rydevik, Tuija
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet .
    Johansson, Lennart
    Wene, Clas-Otto
    Chalmers Tekniska Högskola.
    Harms-Ringdahl, Mats
    Stockholms universitet.
    Högdahl, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för geovetenskaper.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Kunskapslägesrapport på kärnavfallsområdet 2010: utmaningar för slutförvarsprogrammet : rapport2010Report (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Höglund, Kristine
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Strategies to Prevent and Manage Electoral Violence: Considerations for Policy2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 4. Höglund, Kristine
    et al.
    Jarstad, Anna Karin
    Department of Government, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Towards electoral security: experiences from KwaZulu-Natal2011In: Africa Spectrum, ISSN 0002-0397, E-ISSN 1868-6869, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 33-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a growing recognition of the dangers of electoral violence. Yet, the theoretical foundation for systematic research and for adequate policy is still underdeveloped. This article aims to develop the theoretical understandings of strategies to manage and prevent electoral violence. This is accomplished by integrating research conducted within the two academic discourses on democratization and conflict management and also by drawing on the experiences from the conflict-ridden province KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa. The five strategies identified are monitoring, mediation, legal measures, law enforcement and self-regulating practices. In the article, the functions and mechanisms of the strategies are discussed. In addition, we analyse the limitations and usefulness of each of the strategies in turn and also provide suggestions on how to improve electoral security.

  • 5.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Changing the Game: Consociational Theory and Ethnic Quotas in Cyprus and New Zealand2001Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses the question of what makes ethnic quota systems in parliament work to manage ethnopolitical violence. By a reconstruction of Arend Lijphart’s theory on consociationalism, two causal mechanisms are identified. The first mechanism levels the power balance of contending groups by permanent inclusion in parliament. The second mechanism reduces the number of conflict issues to be agreed on jointly, by decentralization of decision-making to the respective ethnic groups. According to the logic of consociationalism, ethnic quotas in parliament are expected to prevent violence by levelling the power balance in parliament.

    The study includes an investigation of the ethnic quota systems of the world. Two cases which challenge Lijphart’s theory in two different ways, are selected for in-depth analysis. Contrary to the predictions of consociational theory, Cyprus as a typical consociational case has failed in conflict management, whereas New Zealand as the prime example of non-consociational cases has succeeded in promoting peace.

    The essence of consociational theory is reconstructed in a two-player game which is applied to the cases of ethnic relations in Cyprus and New Zealand. The conclusion is that ethnic quotas can contribute to changes in the actor’s ranking order of preferences by upgrading the value of cooperation. Only under the condition that the actors appreciate the mutual benefits of such cooperation, can ethnic quotas contribute to viable peace.

  • 6.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Department of Government, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Democratization after civil war: timing and sequencing of peacebuilding reforms2016In: Building sustainable peace: timing and sequencing of post-conflict reconstruction and peacebuilding / [ed] Arnim Langer and Graham K. Brown, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016, p. 87-109Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The UN ambition to promote democratization via peacebuilding operations in post-civil war cases has largely failed. Suboptimal choices for democratization, such as power-sharing, are chosen as a result of the bargaining power of the former warring parties. Many issues, such as who belongs to the citizenry, are not settled and political parties not defined by the conflict lines have little chance of gaining power. While past experience shows that there is not one single pathway of democratization after civil war, it is suggested that these issues are important for democracy after civil war. For democracy to take root, it is also necessary to engage more seriously with the local networks and individuals who work to change behaviour and attitudes to become more democratic.

  • 7.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Hopp om lösning skapar oro på Cypern2002Other (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Kommer världens äldsta fredsmission att avslutas?2017In: Västerbottens-Kuriren, Vol. 16 juliArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Post-Accord Elections and Armed Conflict2009In: The Democratization Project: Challenges and Opportunities, London: Anthem Press , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Post-Accord Elections and Armed Conflict2009In: The Democratization Project: Challenges and Opportunities, London: Anthem Press , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Power Sharing and Justice: Policy Recommendations: Policy Brief No. 6,  Just & Durable Peace2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Power Sharing and Justice: Policy Recommendations: Policy Brief No. 6,  Just & Durable Peace2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala universitet.
    Powersharing for Peace and Democracy?2006Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Sprickor i muren på Cypern2003In: Internationella Studier, no 3Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    To Share or to Divide?: Negotiating the Future of Kosovo2007In: Civil Wars, Vol. 9, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 16.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Ur askan i elden? Om etnisk kvotering som medel för politisk integration2004In: Engagemang, mångfald och integration: Om möjligheter och hinder för politisk jämlikhet, SOU 2004:49, Fritzes, Stockholm , 2004Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Jarstad, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Eklund, Niklas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Johansson, Patrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Saati, Abrak
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sahovic, Dzenan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Strandh, Veronica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Söderström, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Eklund Wimelius, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åkebo, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Three approaches to peace: a framework for describing and exploring varieties of peace2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    For decades, peace and conflict studies have devoted more attention to conflict than to peace, and despiteits centrality, peace itself has been under-conceptualized. In this paper, we propose a theoretical frameworkand methodologies to make peace beyond the absence of war researchable. The framework is designed to capture varieties of peace between and beyond dichotomous conceptions of positive versus negative peace, or successful versus failed peace processes. To capture the complexity of peace in its empirical diversity, our framework approaches peace in three different ways: as a situation or condition in a particular locality; as a web of relationships; and as ideas or discourses about what peace is or should be. These approaches provide different avenues for researching peace, and taken together they provide a fuller picture of what peace is, how it is manifested, experienced, and understood. We argue that this framework provides a way forward in advancing conceptual understandings and empirical analyses of peace that can facilitate systematic, comparative, qualitative analyses while at the same time accounting for the complex, multifaceted nature of peace.

  • 18.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Costly democracy: peacebuilding and democratization after war, edited by Christoph Zürcher, Carrie Manning, Kristie Evenson, Rachel Hayman, Sarah Riese, and Nora Roehner, Stanford, Stanford University Press, 2013, 189 pp., index, £24.99 (paperback), ISBN 978-0-8047-8197-82014In: Democratization, ISSN 1351-0347, E-ISSN 1743-890X, Vol. 21, no 7, p. 1351-1352Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Cypern ger EU nya problem2004In: Sydsvenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1104-0068, no 28 aprilArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Dilemmas of war-to-democracy transitions: Theories and concepts2008In: From war to democracy: Dilemmas of Peacebuilding, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , 2008, 1, p. 17-36Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Local Peace Agreements: The Road to Peace and Democracy in KwaZulu Natal?2010In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 112, no 1, p. 60-68Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Power sharing: Former enemies in joint government2008In: From War to Democracy: Dilemmas of Peacebuilding, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , 2008, 1, p. 105-133Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Review – The Peace In Between: The Peace In Between: Post-War Violence and Peacebuilding, Edited By: Astri Suhrke and Mats Berdal, London and New York: Routledge, 20122013In: E-International Relations, ISSN 2053-8626Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Sharing Power to Build States2013In: Routledge Handbook of International Statebuilding / [ed] David Chandler and Timothy D. Sisk, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge , 2013, p. 246-256Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Unpacking Friction in Security Sector Reform in Afghanistan2014In: Peacebuilding, ISSN 2164-7259, E-ISSN 2164-7267, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 381-396Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Afghanistan, peacebuilding is conducted in parallel to the military involvement. This article unpacks some of the frictional encounters that emerge during efforts to promote local ownership of the security sector reform which seeks to prepare Afghan actors for taking full responsibility for security from 2014. It contributes to the research field both empirically by shedding light on the insider attacks in the context of police training, and theoretically by developing the challenges of local ownership in relation to international support to institutional reconstruction. The outcomes of these frictional encounters include a lowering of the ambition of the international engagement to ‘Afghan good enough’, an orphaned peace process, and an uneasy coexistence of informal and formal security organisations.

  • 26.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Belloni, Roberto
    University of Trento, Italy.
    Introducing Hybrid Peace Governance: Impact and Prospects of Liberal Peacebuilding2012In: Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations, ISSN 1075-2846, E-ISSN 1942-6720, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 1-6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iraq, Afghanistan and Lebanon, among other cases, the international efforts to promote peace and democratic institutions frequently clash with different understandings of the meaning and implications of these terms. International and domestic actors enter into a bargainingrelationship whereby each actor attempts to promote its own values, norms, and practices. The end result is a condition of hybrid peace governance,in which contrary elements exist alongside each other in a context where violence, actual or potential, continues to play an important role. More precisely, hybrid refers to a condition where liberal and illiberal norms, institutions, and actors coexist, interact, and even clash. The term peace governance points to the activity of governing this condition. While the articles included in this special issue focus primarily, although not exclusively, on hybridity in political and institutional matters, hybrid conditions are also found in other realms, most notably in culture.

  • 27.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Local violence and politics in KwaZulu-Natal: perceptions of agency in a post-conflict society2015In: Third World Quarterly, ISSN 0143-6597, E-ISSN 1360-2241, Vol. 36, no 5, p. 967-984Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses the narratives of survivors of violence in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, and addresses the relationship between local violence, politics and agency in a post-conflict setting. In particular, the study advances an understanding of how local political violence serves to increase or decrease agency. In line with previous research on emotions and agency, our study suggests that fear and anxiety encourage risk avoidance and have a pacifying effect on survivors of violence. It also indicates that anger and enthusiasm are emotions experienced by those who have a strong sense of agency and have become politically mobilised after violence. The study contributes to the debate on local capacity for peacebuilding and democracy by showing how local agency is affected by violence and how survivors of violence can become agents of change through politics.

  • 28.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Nilsson, Desirée
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    From words to deeds: the implementation of power-sharing pacts in peace accords2008In: Conflict Management and Peace Science, ISSN 0738-8942, E-ISSN 1549-9219, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 206-223Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Is the implementation of power-sharing provisions the key to durable peace? This study analyzes whether the implementation of political, military, and territorial power-sharing provisions contributes to peace. We introduce a new dataset (IMPACT), which contains unique information on the implementation of power-sharing pacts in peace accords in the post–Cold War period. Based on the logic of costly signaling, we demonstrate that when the parties engage in costly concessions by implementing military and territorial provisions, peace is more likely to prevail. In contrast, the implementation of political pacts is less costly, and hence does not increase the prospects of peace.

  • 29.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Olsson, Louise
    Folke Bernadotte Academy.
    Hybrid Peace Ownership in Afghanistan: International Perspectives of Who Owns What and When2012In: Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations, ISSN 1075-2846, E-ISSN 1942-6720, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 105-119Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What does local ownership actually entail in the context of an international peace operation supporting sustainable development and stability? Who should own what? Moreover, when should local ownership be introduced? Using the case of Afghanistan as a fruitful example, this article suggests that local ownership is key for understanding the interactions between international and local actors as it highlights the asymmetry of this power relation. In all three types of roles that the international actors can perform—intervenor, mentor, or facilitator—such an asymmetric power relation exists. For Afghanistan, the result of the different approaches to local ownership has been a complex form of hybrid peace ownership where the international actors have become intertwined in almost all aspects of Afghan life. As the international actors are decreasing their involvement by moving from the role of intervenor to the role of mentor, the sustainability of development and stability in Afghanistan will undoubtedly be put to a test.

  • 30.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Sisk, Timothy
    Introduction2008In: From War to Democracy: Dilemmas of Peacebuilding, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , 2008, 1, p. 1-13Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Jarstad, Anna K
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Sisk, Timothy D.
    From war to democracy: dilemmas of peacebuilding2008Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32.
    Jarstad, Anna Karin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Department of Government, UppsalaUniversity, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Segall, Sandra
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Grasping the empirical realities of peace in post-war northern Mitrovica2019In: Third World Thematics: A TWQ Journal, ISSN 2380-2014, Vol. 4, no 2-3, p. 239-259Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While previous research has focused on the conflicts and division in Mitrovica, Kosovo, the present article explores how peace and conflict are intertwined in the post-war city by focusing on sites where communities live side by side in an otherwise segregated city. A key finding is that the most conflictual residential areas in northern Mitrovica also are places where what we call peace acts, peace issues and peace perceptions are found. Our research suggests that even in spaces in the city where a history of violence is entrenched, the situation can seldom be reduced to be seen only as purely conflictual; rather, these ‘hotspots’ often prove to be spaces where reproduction of peace – however quotidian – also occurs at the same time. This points us to the complexity of the realities of peace, where remnants of war and potential for a co-existing peace often overlap and are sometimes intrinsically intertwined.

  • 33.
    Jarstad, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Uppsala universitet.
    Nilsson, Desirée
    Uppsala universitet.
    Making and keeping promises: regime type and power-sharing pacts in peace agreements2018In: Peace and Change, ISSN 0149-0508, E-ISSN 1468-0130, Vol. 43, no 2, p. 178-204Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Power sharing is increasingly recognized as an important tool for creating sustainable peace in war-torn societies. However, we have limited knowledge concerning why political, territorial, and military power-sharing pacts are reached and implemented. This article addresses this gap by providing a global study examining the signing and implementation of powersharing pacts in intrastate armed conflicts. We focus on how the type of political regime can influence these choices and theorize about the strategic incentives for warring parties in different types of regimes to sign and implement different pacts. Our large-N analysis is based on data on power-sharing provisions in eighty-three peace accords in forty intrastate armed conflicts between 1989 and 2004. In line with our theoretical expectations, we find that political and military pacts are more likely to be signed in autocracies, whereas territorial pacts are more common in democracies. Somewhat surprisingly, we find no difference in the implementation patterns across regimes.

  • 34.
    Jarstad, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åkebo, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    the Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala University.
    Söderström, Johanna
    Department of Government, Uppsala University.
    Saati, Abrak
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Kostić, Roland
    the Hugo Valentin Centre and Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University.
    Sahovic, Dzenan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Peace agreements in the 1990s – what are the outcomes 20 years later?2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the 1990s, a number of protracted armed conflicts were finally ended. This period can be described as a paradigmatic shift with regards to how armed conflicts are brought to an end. When the logic of the Cold War no longer hindered the United Nations (UN) to intervene, the number of UN peace operations rose dramatically and became more comprehensive. In addition, conflicts increasingly ended through negotiated settlements rather than military victory. The peace processes of the 1990s gave rise to great optimism that negotiations and peacebuilding efforts, often with considerable international involvement, would bring sustainable peace to war-affected countries. The outcomes of these peace processes, however, appears to be far from unanimously positive. Today, 20 years after the war endings of the 1990s, it is therefore imperative to critically analyze and evaluate these peace processes and their long-term results. What is the situation like today in countries where conflicts ended in the 1990s? What has become of the peace? In this paper, the long-term outcomes of peace processes that took place in the 1990s are evaluated through brief analyses of a number of cases,demonstrating that the nature and quality of peace today show great diversity. The paper also includes a conceptualization of the ”peace triangle” aimed at distinguishing between different forms of peace, as well as a study of the relationship between peacebuilding and democracy in UN peace operations in the 1990s, concluding that outcomes with regards to democratic development in the intervened countries are generally poor.

  • 35.
    Jarstad, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Sundberg, Ralph
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Peace by Pact: Data On the Implementation of Peace Agreements2007In: Globalization and the Challenge of Building Peace, London: Anthem Press, 2007Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 36.
    Jarstad, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Åkebo, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Johansson, Patrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Barnes, Philippa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Eklund, Niklas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Eklund Wimelius, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Saati, Abrak
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sahovic, Dzenan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Strandh, Veronica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Söderström, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Department of Government, Uppsala University and Department of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen .
    Varieties of peace: presentation of a research program2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Varieties of Peace research program aims to analyze long-term effects of peace processes in conflicts that ended in the 1990s. The central research questions are: What characterizes peace after the peace processes initiated in the 1990s and how does it vary? How can this variation be described and explained? Peace processes have been studied using short time perspectives, usually in ”lessons-learned” evaluations five years after conflict termination, and usually with theories of conflict as a starting point. The Varieties of Peace research program is an ambitious initiative, which starts from a theoretical understanding of peace, its quality and character, and views peace and peace processes as dynamic and transformative. It will investigate and evaluate different types of peace processes from a comparative perspective and 25–30 years after they started, with the ambition of producing generalizable knowledge about peace, what it is and how it can be achieved. As a starting point, the program studies explanatory factors in five areas: 1) the actions, capacity and resilience of civil society, 2) the interests and strategies of the elites, 3) the aims and character of the agreements, 4) the societies’ institutions and resilience, and 5) international involvement. These issues will be studies in at least ten projects, with the ambition to capture and explain variation, internal dynamics and ultimately the results and effects of peace processes, studied over a longer period of time. The Varieties of Peace program is funded by Riksbankens Jubileumsfond: the Swedish Foundation for Humanities and Social Sciences, 2017-2024. For more info, please visit our webpage at www.varietiesofpeace.net.

  • 37.
    Olsson, Louise
    et al.
    Folke Bernadotte Akademin.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Local ownership of peace: Hobbes, Rosseau and international support for statebuilding in Afghanistan2011In: Building Peace, Creating Conflict?: Conflictual Dimensions of Local and International Peacebuilding / [ed] Hanne Fjelde och Kristine Höglund, Lund: Nordic Academic Press , 2011, p. 89-103Chapter in book (Other academic)
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