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  • 1.
    Jaldemark, Jimmy
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Eriksson Bergström, Sofia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    von Zeipel, Hugo
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Westman, Anna-Karin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Wearable technologies as a research tool for studying learning: The application of spy glasses in data collection of children's learning2019In: Handbook of mobile teaching and learning / [ed] Yu Aimee Zhang, Dean Cristol, Springer, 2019, 2Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter discusses the potential that wearable technologies have for studying and understanding how people learn. In particular, the focus is on how spy glasses can be used as a tool for collecting data from educational situations. The chapter report from two different cases performed by the authors in which spy glasses were used, including considerations made from a methodological point of view. From the first case a conclusion is that spy-glass recording made it possible to closely follow teaching and learning during science labwork and find specific elements not found in video data from ordinary video cameras. The second case reports on valuable information about how the motivation for learning works in young children. Drawing further from these studies, the study elaborate on themes that arise as central to video research: ethics, technology and methodology as well as selection and analysis. The chapter discusses a transformation in how childhood is considered in relation to new technology. Here children are seen as more active and participatory in the shaping of their own childhoods. This can also result in developing new research methods in order to understand and visualise the child’s perspective, and using wearable technologies could certainly be one of these areas. In other words, it is a unique perspective when participants are co-creators of research studies. This implies important future work ahead, developing and applying wearable technologies for education and educational research.

  • 2.
    Moles, A. T.
    et al.
    Univ New S Wales, Sch Biol Earth & Environm Sci, Evolut & Ecol Res Ctr, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia .
    Peco, B.
    Univ Autonoma Madrid, Fac Ciencias, Dept Interuniv Ecol, Terr Ecol Grp, E-28049 Madrid, Spain .
    Wallis, I. R.
    Australian Natl Univ, Res Sch Biol, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia .
    Foley, W. J.
    Australian Natl Univ, Res Sch Biol, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia .
    Poore, A. G. B.
    Univ New S Wales, Sch Biol Earth & Environm Sci, Evolut & Ecol Res Ctr, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia .
    Seabloom, E. W.
    Univ Minnesota, Dept Ecol Evolut & Behav, St Paul, MN 55108 USA .
    Vesk, P. A.
    Univ Melbourne, Sch Bot, Parkville, Vic 3010, Australia .
    Bisigato, A. J.
    Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Ctr Nacl Patagon, RA-9120 Puerto Madryn, Argentina .
    Cella-Pizarro, L.
    Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Ctr Nacl Patagon, RA-9120 Puerto Madryn, Argentina .
    Clark, C. J.
    Woods Hole Res Ctr, Falmouth, MA 02540 USA .
    Cohen, P. S.
    Stanford Univ, Stanford, CA 94305 USA .
    Cornwell, W. K.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Inst Ecol Sci, Dept Syst Ecol, NL-1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands .
    Edwards, W.
    James Cook Univ, Sch Marine & Trop Biol, Cairns, Qld, Australia .
    Ejrnæs, R.
    Univ Aarhus, Natl Environm Res Inst, DK-8420 Ronde, Denmark .
    Gonzales-Ojeda, T.
    Univ Nacl San Antonio Abad Cusco, Fac Ciencias Forestales & Medio Ambiente, Madre De Dios, Peru .
    Graae, B. J.
    Umea Univ, Climate Impacts Res Ctr, Dept Ecol & Environm Sci, Abisko Naturvetenskapliga Stn, S-98107 Abisko, Sweden .
    Hay, G.
    James Cook Univ,Univ Adelaide, Sch Earth & Environm Sci, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia .
    Lumbwe, F. C.
    Univ Zambia, Dept Biol Sci, Lusaka 10101, Zambia .
    Magaña-Rodríguez, B.
    Victoria Univ Wellington, Sch Biol Sci, Wellington, New Zealand .
    Moore, B. D.
    James Cook Univ, Sch Marine & Trop Biol, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia .
    Peri, P. L.
    Univ Nacl Patagonia Austral, INTA, CONICET, RA-9400 Rio Gallegos, Santa Cruz, Argentina .
    Poulsen, J. R.
    Woods Hole Res Ctr, Falmouth, MA 02540 USA .
    Stegen, J. C.
    Pacific NW Natl Lab, Div Biol Sci, Richland, WA 99352 USA .
    Veldtman, R.
    Univ Stellenbosch, Dept Bot & Zool, Ctr Invas Biol, ZA-7602 Matieland, South Africa .
    von Zeipel, Hugo
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Science Education and Mathematics.
    Andrew, N. R.
    Univ New England, Ctr Behav & Physiol Ecol, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia .
    Boulter, S. L.
    Griffith Univ, Griffith Sch Environm, Environm Futures Ctr, Nathan, Qld 4111, Australia .
    Borer, E. T.
    Univ Minnesota, Dept Ecol Evolut & Behav, St Paul, MN 55108 USA .
    Cornelissen, J. H. C.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Inst Ecol Sci, Dept Syst Ecol, NL-1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands .
    Farji-Brener, A. G.
    INIBIOMA CONICET, CRUB UNC, Lab Ecotono, RA-8400 San Carlos De Bariloche, Rio Negro, Argentina .
    Degabriel, J. L.
    James Cook Univ, Sch Marine & Trop Biol, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia .
    Jurado, E.
    Univ Nuevo Leon, Fac Ciencias Forestales, Linares 67700, Mexico .
    Kyhn, L. A.
    Aarhus Univ, Natl Environm Res Inst, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark .
    Low, B.
    Low Ecol Serv, Alice Springs, NT 0871, Australia .
    Mulder, C. P. H.
    Univ Alaska Fairbanks, Inst Arctic Biol, Fairbanks, AK 99775 USA .
    Reardon-Smith, K.
    Univ So Queensland, Australian Ctr Sustainable Catchments, Toowoomba, Qld 4350, Australia .
    Rodríguez-Velázquez, J.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Ctr Invest Ecosistemas, Morelia 58190, Michoacan, Mexico .
    De Fortier, A.
    Univ Zululand, Dept Zool, ZA-3886 Kwa Dlangezwa, Kwazulu Natal, South Africa .
    Zheng, Z.
    Chinese Acad Sci, Xishuangbanna Trop Bot Garden, Mengla 666303, Yunnan, Peoples R China .
    Blendinger, P. G.
    Univ Nacl Tucuman, CONICET, RA-4107 Yerba Buena, Tucuman, Argentina .
    Enquist, B. J.
    Univ Arizona, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Tucson, AZ 85721 USA .
    Facelli, J. M.
    NTNU, Dept Biol, N-7491 Trondheim, Norway .
    Knight, T.
    Washington Univ, Dept Biol, St Louis, MO 63105 USA .
    Majer, J. D.
    Curtin Univ Technol, Curtin Inst Biodivers & Climate, Perth, WA 6845, Australia .
    Martínez-Ramos, M.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Ctr Invest Ecosistemas, Morelia 58190, Michoacan, Mexico .
    Mcquillan, P.
    Univ Tasmania, Sch Geog & Environm Studies, Hobart, Tas 7001, Australia .
    Hui, F. K. C.
    Univ New S Wales, Sch Math & Stat, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia .
    Correlations between physical and chemical defences in plants: Tradeoffs, syndromes, or just many different ways to skin a herbivorous cat?2013In: New Phytologist, ISSN 0028-646X, E-ISSN 1469-8137, Vol. 198, no 1, p. 252-263Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most plant species have a range of traits that deter herbivores. However, understanding of how different defences are related to one another is surprisingly weak. Many authors argue that defence traits trade off against one another, while others argue that they form coordinated defence syndromes. We collected a dataset of unprecedented taxonomic and geographic scope (261 species spanning 80 families, from 75 sites across the globe) to investigate relationships among four chemical and six physical defences. Five of the 45 pairwise correlations between defence traits were significant and three of these were tradeoffs. The relationship between species' overall chemical and physical defence levels was marginally nonsignificant (P = 0.08), and remained nonsignificant after accounting for phylogeny, growth form and abundance. Neither categorical principal component analysis (PCA) nor hierarchical cluster analysis supported the idea that species displayed defence syndromes. Our results do not support arguments for tradeoffs or for coordinated defence syndromes. Rather, plants display a range of combinations of defence traits. We suggest this lack of consistent defence syndromes may be adaptive, resulting from selective pressure to deploy a different combination of defences to coexisting species.

  • 3.
    Moles, A. T.
    et al.
    Univ New S Wales, Sch Biol Earth & Environm Sci, Evolut & Ecol Res Ctr, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia.
    Wallis, I. R.
    Australian Natl Univ, Res Sch Biol, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia.
    Foley, W. J.
    Australian Natl Univ, Res Sch Biol, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia.
    Warton, D. I.
    Univ New S Wales, Sch Math & Stat, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia.
    Stegen, J. C.
    Univ N Carolina, Dept Biol, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 USA.
    Bisigato, A. J.
    Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Ctr Nacl Patagon, RA-9120 Puerto Madryn, Argentina .
    Cella-Pizarro, L.
    Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Ctr Nacl Patagon, RA-9120 Puerto Madryn, Argentina .
    Clark, C. J.
    Woods Hole Res Ctr, Falmouth, MA 02540 USA.
    Cohen, P. S.
    Stanford Univ, Jasper Ridge Biol Preserve, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.
    Cornwell, W. K.
    Univ British Columbia, Biodivers Res Ctr, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada.
    Edwards, W.
    James Cook Univ, Sch Marine & Trop Biol, Cairns, Australia .
    Ejrnaes, R.
    Univ Aarhus, Natl Environm Res Inst, DK-8420 Ronde, Denmark .
    Gonzales-Ojeda, T.
    Univ Nacl San Antonio Abad Cusco, Fac Ciencias Forestales & Medio Ambiente, Madre De Dios, Peru .
    Graae, B. J.
    Umea Univ, Climate Impacts Res Ctr, Dept Ecol & Environm Sci, Abisko Naturvetenskapliga Stn, S-98107 Abisko, Sweden.
    Hay, G.
    Univ Adelaide, Sch Earth & Environm Sci, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia.
    Lumbwe, F. C.
    Univ Zambia, Dept Biol Sci, Lusaka 10101, Zambia.
    Magaña-Rodriguez, B.
    Victoria Univ Wellington, Sch Biol Sci, Wellington, New Zealand.
    Moore, B. D.
    Macaulay Land Use Res Inst, Ecol Grp, Aberdeen AB15 8QH, Scotland .
    Peri, P. L.
    Univ Nacl Patagonia Austral, INTA, CONICET, Santa Cruz, Argentina.
    Poulsen, J. R.
    Woods Hole Res Ctr, Falmouth, MA 02540 USA.
    Veldtman, R.
    Univ Stellenbosch, Dept Bot & Zool, Ctr Invas Biol, ZA-7602 Matieland, South Africa.
    von Zeipel, Hugo
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Andrew, N. R.
    Univ New England, Ctr Behav & Physiol Ecol, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia.
    Boulter, S. L.
    Griffith Univ, Griffith Sch Environm, Environm Futures Ctr, Nathan, Qld 4111, Australia .
    Borer, E. T.
    Univ Minnesota, Dept Ecol Evolut & Behav, St Paul, MN 55108 USA.
    Campón, F. F.
    Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, CCT Mendoza, Lab Entomol, RA-5500 Mendoza, Argentina.
    Coll, M.
    Hebrew Univ Jerusalem, Dept Entomol, IL-76100 Rehovot, Israel .
    Farji-Brener, A. G.
    Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, INIBIOMA, UNC, CRUB,Lab Ecotono, RA-8400 San Carlos De Bariloche, Rio Negro, Argentina.
    De Gabriel, J.
    James Cook Univ, Sch Marine & Trop Biol, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia.
    Jurado, E.
    Univ Nuevo Leon, Fac Ciencias Forestales, Linares 67700, Mexico.
    Kyhn, L. A.
    Aarhus Univ, Natl Environm Res Inst, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark.
    Low, B.
    Low Ecol Serv, Alice Springs, NT 0871, Australia.
    Mulder, C. P. H.
    Univ Alaska Fairbanks, Inst Arctic Biol, Fairbanks, AK 99775 USA.
    Reardon-Smith, K.
    Univ So Queensland, Australian Ctr Sustainable Catchments, Toowoomba, Qld 4350, Australia.
    Rodriuez-Velázquez, J.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Ctr Invest Ecosistemas, Morelia 58190, Michoacan, Mexico.
    Seabloom, E. W.
    Univ Minnesota, Dept Ecol Evolut & Behav, St Paul, MN 55108 USA.
    Vesk, P. A.
    Univ Melbourne, Sch Bot, Parkville, Vic 3010, Australia.
    van Cauter, A.
    Univ Cape Town, Dept Bot, ZA-7700 Rhondebosch, South Africa.
    Waldram, M. S.
    Univ Leicester, Dept Geog, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics, England.
    Zheng, Z.
    Chinese Acad Sci, Xishuangbanna Trop Bot Garden, Mengla 666303, Yunnan, Peoples R China.
    Blendinger, P. G.
    Univ Nacl Tucuman, CONICET, RA-4107 San Miguel De Tucuman, Argentina.
    Enquist, B. J.
    Univ Arizona, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Tucson, AZ 85721 USA.
    Facelli, J. M.
    Univ Adelaide, Sch Earth & Environm Sci, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia .
    Knight, T.
    Washington Univ, Dept Biol, St Louis, MO 63105 USA.
    Majer, J. D.
    Curtin Univ Technol, Curtin Inst Biodivers & Climate, Perth, WA 6845, Australia.
    Martínez-Ramos, M.
    Evolution and Ecology Research Centre, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia.
    Mcquillan, P.
    Univ Tasmania, Sch Geog & Environm Studies, Hobart, Tas 7001, Australia.
    Prior, L. D.
    Univ Tasmania, Sch Plant Sci, Hobart, Tas 7001, Australia.
    Putting plant resistance traits on the map: A test of the idea that plants are better defended at lower latitudes2011In: New Phytologist, ISSN 0028-646X, E-ISSN 1469-8137, Vol. 191, no 3, p. 777-788Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It has long been believed that plant species from the tropics have higher levels of traits associated with resistance to herbivores than do species from higher latitudes. A meta-analysis recently showed that the published literature does not support this theory. However, the idea has never been tested using data gathered with consistent methods from a wide range of latitudes. • We quantified the relationship between latitude and a broad range of chemical and physical traits across 301 species from 75 sites world-wide. • Six putative resistance traits, including tannins, the concentration of lipids (an indicator of oils, waxes and resins), and leaf toughness were greater in high-latitude species. Six traits, including cyanide production and the presence of spines, were unrelated to latitude. Only ash content (an indicator of inorganic substances such as calcium oxalates and phytoliths) and the properties of species with delayed greening were higher in the tropics. • Our results do not support the hypothesis that tropical plants have higher levels of resistance traits than do plants from higher latitudes. If anything, plants have higher resistance toward the poles. The greater resistance traits of high-latitude species might be explained by the greater cost of losing a given amount of leaf tissue in low-productivity environments. © 2011 New Phytologist Trust.

  • 4.
    von Zeipel, Hugo
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Science Education and Mathematics.
    Illustrations in Science Education: An Investigation of Young Pupils Using Explanatory Pictures of Electrical Currents2015In: XVI INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATION FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION SYMPOSIUM (IOSTE BORNEO 2014), 2015, p. 204-210Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is part of a project regarding explanatory illustrations in science education. Research questions here concern how pupils use and make meaning from illustrations in a science textbook. Electricity was chosen as the subject. Video data was collected in 8 sessions, each with a pair of pupils, 10-11 years of age in one school in Sweden. Communication within the pairs and with the interviewer was analyzed. The children also drew a picture of a battery and explained its function using this drawing. The most striking result was an almost complete lack of transparency for the scientific information in the illustrations. Regardless of previous knowledge, pupils were almost never able to collect new information on their own or together with their peer. As long as the visual information matched previous knowledge they could explain the content, but as the complexity increased, they were lost. They then either expressed their incomprehension or carried on to argue for evident misconceptions, not realizing that the illustrations were contradicting them. Together with the interviewer, pupils could eventually identify central scientific messages and where their previous understanding was challenged. One conclusion is that scientific illustrations can drive scientific in-depth discussion. However, the main conclusion is that pupils are not trained to interpret multimodal information themselves and that teachers and textbook authors therefore risk overestimating pupils de-coding abilities. (C) 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  • 5.
    von Zeipel, Hugo
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Eriksson, Ove
    Stockholm University.
    Fruit removal in the forest herb Actaea spicata depends on local context of fruits sharing the same dispersers2007In: International journal of plant sciences, ISSN 1058-5893, E-ISSN 1537-5315, Vol. 168, no 6, p. 855-860Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Heterospecific effects from neighboring plants on fruit removal are rarely examined. In this study we recorded removal of fruits of four species from experimental plots. The main study species, the forest herb Actaea spicata, has berries attractive to rodents. We tested for effects from a larger-scale context (plant abundance) and a smaller scale (number of fruits aggregated including several species with fleshy as well as dry fruits). Fruit removal varied among sites. Fleshy-fruited species removal was correlated within sites. Fruit removal was higher within than outside Actaea populations but was unrelated to plant abundances among existing populations. The small-scale context treatment yielded clear results. Removal of Actaea fruits was higher from large aggregations of fruits, and it was the number of fruits rather than species identity that affected removal. Presence of both fleshy and dry fruits increased removal. This study provides experimental evidence of heterospecific effects on fruit removal, and we conclude that the species included in the study attract the same dispersers and that the small-scale biotic context is important. We suggest the existence of dispersal hot spots related to the fruit presence overlaid by an unexplained variation among sites.

  • 6.
    von Zeipel, Hugo
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Westman, Anna-Karin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Elevers och lärares fokus i naturvetenskapliga laborationer2019In: Utbildning och Demokrati, ISSN 1102-6472, E-ISSN 2001-7316, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 57-75Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 7.
    von Zeipel, Hugo
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Westman, Anna-Karin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    The Science labwork situation and opportunities for learning – Teacher and student perspectives2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Labwork in science education has been questioned with respect to its contribution to learning. This paper reports on critical factors to enhance students’ meaning making during labwork in six different Swedish schools. Using Spy-glass cameras we were able to collect close-up video data from student talk and activities. Student focus varied between schools and student groups, on most occasion a majority of time was spent focusing clearly outside anything related to the subject. Teachers’ introductions were categorized according to their main focus (scientific ideas, laboratory skills or knowledge of scientific inquiries) and school-related students’ negotiations were analyzed using the same categories. There was no clear-cut relationship between the focus of teacher introductions and the nature of the school-related student negotiations. Overall, teacher introductions most often focused on the scientific ideas. However, student negotiations were dominated by the laboratory skills category, followed by scientific ideas. Negotiations concerning knowledge of scientific inquiry were rare. Small variations among groups suggests that students had similar experiences of what was expected from them in the labwork situation. We found a connection between whether the scientific ideas had been previously processed and the likelihood that students discussions would focus on the scientific ideas. There was a range in the type of tasks given to the students in connection with the labwork. We found that both open discussions about scientific topics as well as limited activities such as simply filling in a form could potentially generate scientific discussions. However, the combination of previously unprocessed scientific content and openly formulated tasks was never successful. We conclude that several factors affect student focus and that the labwork situation remains questionable as learning situations as long as all these factors are not entirely appreciated by teachers.

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