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  • 1.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Methodological Perspectives: The Application of Self-Registration Cards in the Swedish Coasts and Mountains2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 74-80Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Brouder, Patrick
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Managing Tourism for Sustainable Local Development in Jokkmokk, Sweden2016In: Tourism, People and Protected Areas in Polar Wilderness, Icelandic Tourism Research Centre , 2016, p. 36-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Dahlberg, Annika
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Exploring the importance of categories in contemporary conservation debates: the case of a proposed national park in the Swedish mountain region.2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Alongside ‘wilderness’ the category ‘national park’ is one of the most powerful within nature conservation. How a category, such as national park including its inherent components, is understood and valued differ between social actors across space and time. This paper aims to look critically at how categories are used and understood by stakeholders with different land-use interests in the southern mountains of Jämtland County, Sweden, specifically in relation to a suggested new national park. Data has been collected through in-depth interviews,surveys, discourse analysis and observations. Results show how our need to use categories, such as ‘nature reserve’, ‘wilderness’ and ‘local community’, at the same time can create problems. For example, the proposed national park is perceived differentlyby different stakeholders, there exists mistrust between them, and the park is contested for several reasons. Categories create paradoxes that lead to tension and conflict, and they often act to block change in both thinking and practice. These effects can occur when a piece of land belongs to different categories, when a category remains static while the local context changes, when the material and immaterial ‘components inherent in landscapes are categorised differently by different users, and when the same category is attributed different values. A lack of awareness of this impedes novel solutions and potential relevant trade-offs. A critical analysis of how categories are formed, by whom, and their effects, are important for understanding and moving beyond conflicts in conservation.

  • 4.
    Fors, Sanna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Flygt, Linda
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Svensk naturturism för den internationella marknaden: En studie baserad på en expertgrupp2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie ingår i ett forskningsprojekt om turism och upplevelser vid

    Turismforskningsinstitutet ETOUR, i delprojektet

    Den svenska naturen som resmål:

    konsumenter, marknader och attraktioner

    . Den är en omarbetning av Flygt & Fors (2010) och

    riktar sig i första hand till aktörer inom svensk naturturism.

    Rapporten baseras på en expertgrupps syn på svensk naturturism med fokus på utländska

    turisters efterfrågan, trender och marknadsföring. Rapporten diskuterar framtidsutsikter för

    utbud och efterfrågan av naturturism. Vidare ger rapporten förslag på hur marknadsföringen

    av svensk naturturism mot den internationella marknaden kan vidareutvecklas. Vi har valt att

    använda oss av en expertgrupp med kunskap om turistnäringen, utländska besökare samt

    naturturism. Totalt genomfördes intervjuer med nio respondenter som alla hade en bred

    erfarenhet och god kunskap inom fältet.

    Resultat visar att de utländska besökarna till stor del lockas av den orörda naturen,

    tillgängligheten och möjligheten att kunna utöva aktiviteter fritt i naturen. Många av de

    utländska besökarna har oftast inte naturen som huvudmål men gillar att uppleva lättillgänglig

    natur så som skärgård, skog och kust. Den vanligaste aktiviteten som utförs av utländska

    besökare är enligt expertgruppen vandring. I övrigt är dagsaktiviteter populära, t ex snöskoter,

    fiske, cykling och hundspann. Expertgruppen är ense om att norra Sverige är mest attraktivt

    att besöka för de utländska besökarna.

    Vidare pekar expertgruppen på att de utländska besökarna vanligtvis tillhör segmenten

    DINKs, WHOPs och Active Family. De är ofta välutbildade och har förutom ett intresse för

    naturen, även ett stort intresse för kultur och historia. De utländska besökarna köper vanligtvis

    paketerade resor som pågår allt från någon dag och upp till en vecka. Det går att urskilja vissa

    avvikelser mellan olika segments beteende när det gäller boende, transport och aktivitetsval.

    En tydlig trend som går att se enligt expertgruppen är att det blir allt mer attraktivt med

    kortare, lärorika resor. ”Nature-light” är också en ny trend där naturen kopplas till lokal mat

    och kultur. En viktig satsning hos aktörerna är att förlänga turistsäsongerna så att många

    destinationer ska ses som attraktiva året runt.

    Resultatet visar att Internet är en mycket viktig distributionskanal där marknadsföringen sker

    genom egna och andra organisationers hemsidor samt till viss del via Facebook. Mässor och

    Workshops lyfts fram som två andra bra sätt att marknadsföra sig på och samarbete mellan

    organisationer och företag blir allt mer vanligt. Sveriges natur marknadsförs spretigt och det

    finns ingen stark helhetsbild över Sveriges naturturism. Expertgruppen är oense kring vad

    som är viktigast att marknadsföra; platsen eller aktiviteten. En tredjedel av de tillfrågade anser

    dock att det är viktigt att marknadsföra både plats och aktivitet då det måste till en

    kombination dem emellan för att locka utländska besökare.

    I analysen görs en sammanställning av trender inom naturturism i Sverige där det på

    utbudssidan handlar om korta paketerade resor, förlängning av säsonger, ökad miljömedveten,

    kontinuerlig produktutveckling samt ”nature-light”-produkter. När det gäller efterfrågan ses

    trender som kortare lärorika semestrar, ökat miljöintresse, ökat intresse för vandring, cykling,

    orörd natur och nya produkter, speciellt sådana som tillhör ”nature-light”-kategorin.

    En bearbetning av hur expertgruppen marknadsför den svenska naturturismen (figur 5) går att

    finna i analysen. Analysen innehåller även ett förslag från vår sida grundat på rapportens

    resultat och tidigare forskning på hur marknadsföringen skulle kunna se ut i framtiden (figur

    6). Vi hävdar att STP-modellen är en bra utgångspunkt för att ta reda på hur marknaden ser ut,

    vilka som är intresserade av den naturturistiska produkten samt hur det går att utveckla en

    lämplig marknadsstrategi. Att använda STP-modellen tillsammans med kundrelationens

    livscykel (figur 3) samt vårt eget förslag på hur marknadsmixens fyra P:n (figur 6) kan

    användas, ser vi som ett förslag till att utveckla marknadsföringen inom naturturism.

    Viktiga slutsatser

    Sveriges natur erbjuder aktiviteter och upplevelser som tilltalar olika segment. En

    fördel med Sveriges geografi är möjligheten att kombinera en stadssemester med

    dagliga aktiviteter i naturen vilket vi menar lockar en större målgrupp än enbart

    kärnnaturturisterna.

    De som besöker svensk natur återfinns i konsumentsegmenten DINKs, WHOPs och

    Active Family.

    En utvecklad ”nature-light”-produkt så som cykelsemester i kombination med mat och

    kulturupplevelser i en stadsnära naturmiljö kan bli ett populärt semesterval för de som

    inte har ett genuint naturintresse.

    Korta paketerade resor med ett lärande syfte, t ex i form av guidning, så att besökaren

    kan berika sin kunskap om naturen och den svenska kulturen, kan komma att få allt

    större betydelse i framtiden. Även paketerade resor som vill ge grundläggande

    kunskaper i diverse naturaktiviteter så som cykling, paddling med mera, kan komma

    att ses som attraktivt för att locka utländska besökare.

    Via social media så som Facebook kan nya målgrupper nås. På Facebook finns olika

    aktivitetsgrupper för ”hiking” och andra naturaktiviteter vilket skulle kunna användas

    av de svenska organisationerna för att bygga upp en marknadsföringsplats och ett

    forum för potentiella utländska besökare.

    I marknadsföringen är det betydelsefullt med rätt positionering av både produkt och

    plats. En mer distinkt marknadsföring av naturen med en uppdelning så att rätt produkt

    visas upp för rätt målgrupp är av betydande vikt.

    En starkare och mer gemensam marknadsföring måste ske mot utlandet. Sverige bör

    marknadsföras som helhet, men med olika aktiviteter var för sig så att det tydligt

    framkommer att det finns ett varierat utbud att tillgå.

  • 5.
    Fredman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Laven, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Managing Tourism in Protected Areas from a Landscape Perspective: An Exploratory Study from Sweden2013In: Protected Areas and Place Making Conference PROCEEDINGS 2013 / [ed] Magro, T.C., Rodrigues, L.M., Silva Filho, D.F., Polizel, J.L., Leahy, J., 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Fredman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Lundberg, Christine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Naturturism– en växande bransch2014In: Skogen och kulturlandskapet / [ed] Lundqvist, S. & Johnson, L., Alnarp: Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet , 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Fredman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Grundén, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The Nature of Nature in Nature-based Tourism.2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 289-309Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is obvious that nature plays a key role in nature-based tourism. But how important are natural environments for nature-based tourism supply? What kind of natural environments are demanded, and how can or should such environments be accessed? These issues are addressed in this paper using a two-dimensional model of the nature-based tourism servicescape. Based upon a grounded theory mixed-method approach, we analyze to what extent nature-based tourism companies in Sweden depend upon natural environments and facilities (naturalness dimension), and open access and exclusive rights to natural resources (access dimension). Findings show that this sector considers open access much more important than exclusive rights, while naturalness and facilities both represent important attributes. The exception being companies providing extractive activities (e.g. hunting), in particular those with a majority of international customers, where exclusive rights to resources are much more important. This paper provides new knowledge how the nature-based tourism industry can be supported through nature protection, sustainable management of natural resources, public infrastructure and access policies.

  • 8.
    Fredman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lundberg, Christine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Turism i natur: Definitioner, omfattning, statistik2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Nature is considered to be important for Swedish tourism and has a significant impact on the international image of Sweden. Nature tourism is intuitively easy to understand but difficult to measure in more precise terms due to a lack of a formal, universally accepted, definition. As a result, our knowledge about nature tourism and related statistics is insufficient, both from a tourism providers (supply of products and services) and tourism consumers (visits to nature outside the ordinary surroundings) perspectives. The aims of the present report are to describe nature tourism from both tourism provider and consumer points of view, to propose a definition of nature tourism, to examine present tourism statistics and other sources of knowledge from a Swedish nature tourism perspective, and to present suggestions on how nature tourism in Sweden can be better measured and quantified. This report also includes four international case studies – from New Zealand, North America, Scotland and Finland – to provide a better perspective of nature tourism. The results from our work can be summarized in five main conclusions:

    There is a lack of definition: Nature tourism (and similar concepts) is used frequently in many different contexts without any formal definition. We suggest a broad definition that builds upon the present definition of tourism in general.

    Current statistics say little: Current tourism statistics are very general and can only to a limited degree explain or measure nature tourism.

    Similarities with other countries, but many things to learn from them: The situation in Sweden is not unique, the international case studies show similar conditions in other countries.

    Nature tourism must be measured from several perspectives: The great diversity of nature tourism calls for measurements from different perspectives. We suggest four measurements – two consumer surveys, one producer survey and systematic on site visitor surveys.

    A need for coordination and leadership: Nature tourism involves many stakeholders and there is a need for coordination and leadership from many levels including local, regional, national, and international where responsibility for grounded research is included in the mission.

  • 9.
    Fredman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Sandell, Klas
    Karlstad universitet.
    Lundberg, Christine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Bodén, Bosse
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Dahlberg, Annika
    Stockholm universitet.
    Besök och besökare i fjällen: Resultat från en undersökning avseende svenskarnas fritidsaktiviteter i fjällen, besök i olika fjällområden, landskapsrelationer, fjällen i sociala medier, upplevelser av vindkraft och attityder till skyddad natur2014Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Förord

    I den här rapporten redovisas några första sammanställningar från en nationell enkätundersökning avseende svenskarnas fritidsaktiviteter i fjällen, deras besök i olika fjällområden, landskapsrelationer, fjällens roll i sociala medier, upplevelser av vindkraft och attityder till skyddad natur. Enkäten ingår som en del i projekten "Bortom konflikter" och "Den nya fjällupplevelsen" inom ramen för Naturvårdsverkets forskningssatsning"Storslagen fjällmiljö" (www.storslagnafjall.se). Utifrån materialet i denna rapport kommer framöver olika fördjupningar och kompletteringar att göras, vilka kommer redovisas påolika sätt–vetenskapligt och populärvetenskapligt. Det är vår förhoppning att dessa studier blir en viktig del i referensramen för alla de beslut som fattas av myndigheter, företag och politiker när det gäller det fortsatta arbetet för en hållbar utveckling i fjällen. För dagens och framtidens grupper, aktiviteter och ideal kommer att avgöra hur hållbar utvecklingen blir–och dagens besökare i fjällen är här en av nyckelgrupperna.

  • 10.
    Fredman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Wolf-Watz, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Sandell, Klas
    Karlstad Universitet.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Lundberg, Christine
    University of Surrey.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Dagens miljömål och framtidens fjällupplevelser: Iakttagelser av aktivitetsmönster, landskapsrelationer och kommunikationsformer2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten "Dagens miljömål och framtidens fjällupplevelser – Iakttagelser av aktivitetsmönster, landskapsrelationer och kommunikationsformer" ger inledningsvis en bakgrund till fjällupplevelser och en genomgång av de metoder som använts i projektet. Därefter följer en beskrivning av de förändringar forskarna anser kunna se i de olika datamaterial som samlats in, följt av en diskussion av dagens miljökvalitetsmål i förhållande till framtidens fjällupplevelser.

  • 11.
    Godtman Kling, Kristin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Dahlberg, Annika
    Stockholm University.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Negotiating improved multifunctional landscape use: trails as facilitators for collaboration among stakeholders2019In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 13, article id 3511Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Trails are significant features in landscapes, and many ancient pathways have developed into routes of great importance for recreation and tourism in contemporary societies. Nevertheless, international research on recreational trails has hitherto mainly focused on managerial and environmental aspects of trails and less on trails from a social science perspective, such as conflict management. This study explores the role of recreational trails as a potential tool for managing conflicts in a multifunctional landscape. The findings originate from a case study of the southern Jamtland mountain region in Sweden, an area where land-use conflicts exist and where tourism is a major concern. The study examines the recreational trail as an applied example where actors in the mountain landscape negotiate and collaborate. through the recreational trail, dialogue and discussions are made possible among stakeholders. Findings show that trails can function as facilitators for communication and can thus enhance the possibilities of building trust and promoting collaboration between actors. This research contributes to the existing literature on handling multiple land-use interests and adds to previous knowledge by taking on a rather new approach, where the recreational trail becomes a facilitator for communication.

  • 12.
    Godtman Kling, Kristin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Trails for Tourism and Outdoor Recreation: A Systematic Literature Review2017In: Tourism, ISSN 1332-7461, Vol. 65, no 4, p. 488-508Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Trails are important elements in the natural and cultural landscape, and many ancient pathways have developed into routes of great significance for recreation and tourism in contemporary societies. By conducting a systematic quantitative literature review, this paper report on the status of international trail research and analyzes some of the key content with focus on trails for tourism and outdoor recreation in non-urban settings. For this purpose, we reviewed 195 research papers published in peer-reviewed academic journals. Results show that research on trails for tourism and outdoor recreation is primarily from English-speaking Western countries. The most studied trail-based activity is hiking, but there has been an increase in the number of studies researching multiple activities. Results also show that international trail research to a large extent is based on the natural sciences, and focus on environmental and managerial aspects of trail use. This review identifies gaps in trail research, especially in a socio-cultural context on topics such as heritage and public health. Research on conflicts between different recreational trail-based activities is also relatively scarce, as well as studies concerning conflicts between trail-based recreation interests and other land-use interests. We also identify a need for an exploration of the trail concept, as research has not yet articulated a clear definition of what a trail is. The paper also includes analyses of changes in trail-related research over time.

  • 13.
    Godtman Kling, Kristin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Negotiating co-existence in multifunctional landscapes: trails as facilitators for communication2018In: Abstract book, 2018, p. 108-109Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Godtman Kling, Kristin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    The Multi-functional Trail: An International Literature Review and the Case of Trails in Southern Jämtland Mountains, Sweden2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report provides an overview of international research on recreational trails, and presents results from a Swedish case study on trails in the southern Jämtland mountains.

    The report consists of three parts, beginning with a literature review on recreational trails in non-urban areas in international research. In this section, a quantitative literature review was conducted and 195 papers on recreational trails published in academic journals were reviewed and categorized, in order to gain insights on where there is research on trails, what trails have been assessed and what methods have been used, what trail activities and trail functions have been researched, and where research gaps remain. Results from the literature review reveal that research on recreational trails has been given increased attention within the academia, as the majority of the reviewed papers were published between 2000 and 2016. Results also show that research is geographically uneven, with a majority of the studies being conducted in the USA and Australia and little research has been conducted in Asia, Africa and South- and Central America. The literature review also reveal that research on different trail types and trail functions is limited, with a majority of the studies researching the trail types traditional backcountry trail and wilderness track, i.e. trails in natural settings and/or remote wilderness areas. Research was primarily based on natural sciences with an emphasis on environmental and ecological aspects of trails, such as erosion and wear and tear on the surrounding environment, and there was less research on social aspects of recreational trails, such as conflict management and public health. The trail-based activity dominating research is hiking, although there appears to be an increase in studies researching multiple activities.  Based on the findings of the literature review, it is suggested that future research on recreational trails should stimulate studies in under-represented regions, and a need for more studies on winter use is recognized. Also, there is a need for studies looking at the opportunities and challenges of multiple-use trails, as well as studies looking at conflicts associated with trail use.

     

    The second part of this report concerns the case study area and visitors’ trail use. Findings from an on-site visitor survey from the summer of 2013 is presented. This visitor survey was conducted in the study area to collect information on visitor attitudes, experiences and preferences, and for this report, only questions about trail usage and attitudes towards trails have been used in the analysis. For this report, analysis of the questions regarding trails in the survey aimed to capture Swedish and international recreationists’ and tourists’ use and perceptions about trail management and conditions of trails. Some survey questions are also compared with a previous visitor survey done in the same area in 1999 to capture if there are any changes over time regarding Swedish visitors’ attitudes. Results show that the availability of marked trails is important to both Swedish and international visitors, and that these two visitor-groups have similar thoughts regarding the importance of the availability of marked trails. Just above 80 % think that the availability of marked trails is an important factor when they decided to visit the area. Results from the on-site visitor survey also show that the majority of the visitors use trails during their visit. A majority of the respondents also think the quality of the marked trails is good or very good. Only 4% of the international and the Swedish respondents respectively, state that trail quality is bad.

     

    The third part of the report concerns stakeholders’ perceptions of trails in the case study area. Results from this section is based on answers from a web-based survey about trails in the southern Jämtland mountains that was distributed to stakeholders in the case study area, and a two-day workshop that was organized among stakeholders with the purpose of discussing current and future use/management of trails in the southern Jämtland mountains. Stakeholders represent Sami organizations, tourism organizations and entrepreneurs, local service providers and lodges, and public authorities, both from Norway and Sweden. The survey concerned questions regarding the role of trails in general and potential conflicts associated with trails, marked trails in the area, historical trails and unmarked trails, and the respondents own use of trails in the study area. Topics discussed during the workshop included definitions of trails, how they are used and their importance; if current trails fulfil the intended purpose; management and information; and conflicts associated with trails in the area. Future needs were also discussed, as well as new trails and changes in the trail system; future challenges in trail management, finance and responsibility; future challenges and solutions; and future co-operation between Sweden and Norway regarding trails. Key findings from the survey and workshop among the stakeholder group in the southern Jämtland mountains, reveal that trails are an important feature for successful management of this area. Their role to facilitate accessibility and visitor experiences, channel usage, protect nature, provide guidance and interpretation, facilitate reindeer herding, support nature protection and increase safety are important according to the stakeholders in the area.

  • 15.
    Ioannides, Dimitri
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sustainable mobility in the periphery: Are electric vehicles the answer?: Review of international literature on electric vehicles and ideas for further research2015Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 16. Johansson, Mikaela
    et al.
    Palmgren, Linnéa
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Världsarv och turismutveckling2005In: Målkonflikter mellan natur, kultur och turism i hållbart utvecklingsarbete / [ed] Pettersson & Svensson, Östersund: European Tourism Research Institute (ETOUR) , 2005, , p. 71p. 35-42Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17. Jämting, Hanna
    et al.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Pettersson, Robert
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Biosfärområden i Sverige: Torneträsk biosfärområde och Kristianstads Vattenrike2005In: Målkonflikter mellan natur, kultur och turism i hållbart utvecklingsarbete / [ed] Pettersson & Svensson, Östersund: European Tourism Research Institute (ETOUR) , 2005, , p. 71p. 57-61Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Laven, Daniel
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    New challenges for managing sustainable tourism in protected areas: an exploratory study from a landscape perspective in Sweden2012In: Revista Turismo & Desenvolvimento, ISSN 1645-9261, Vol. 17, no 18, p. 135-137Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Laven, Daniel
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    New Challenges for Managing Sustainable Tourism in Protected Areas: An Exploratory Study from a Landscape Perspective in Sweden2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Laven, Daniel
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    New Challenges for Managing Sustainable Tourism in Protected Areas: An Exploratory Study of the European Landscape Convention in Sweden2015In: Society & Natural Resources, ISSN 0894-1920, E-ISSN 1521-0723, Vol. 28, no 10, p. 1126-1143Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ‘‘Sustainable tourism’’ has emerged as the dominant paradigm for managing visitor use in protected areas. An important consequence of this approach is that management tends to focus on issues inside protected-area boundaries. Recently, broader landscape-oriented approaches have gained attention (e.g., the European Landscape Convention [ELC]). These strategies strive to achieve sustainable landscape protection and often identify tourism as a key development strategy. Using Sweden as an example, this article explores the intersection of the landscape concept—as articulated in the ELC—with the contemporary notion of sustainable tourism management in protected areas. This exploratory study was conducted using qualitative research methods. While study participants reported strong potential in landscape-oriented approaches, they also identified key challenges including ‘‘institutional negotiation and conflict’’ and ‘‘confusion and uncertainty about the landscape concept.’’ The article concludes by addressing the implications for enhancing sustainable tourism management through adoption of landscape-oriented approaches.

  • 21.
    Lundberg, Christine
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Going for the Green? The Role of Money among Nature-Based Tourism Entrepreneurs2014In: Current Issues in Tourism, ISSN 1368-3500, E-ISSN 1747-7603, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 373-380Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research note suggests that the relationship between nature-based tourism entrepreneurs and money is complex and not fully understood. Based on observations from the Swedish supply data, four propositions are presented to illustrate why this is the case. We argue that (1) the identity of the entrepreneurs are not compatible with profit and growth, (2) niche markets and limited market knowledge obstruct opportunity for growth, (3) dependence of natural resources put sustainability ahead of growth and (4) nature-based tourism firms have limited control over their production process. These propositions can assist in better understanding how nature-based tourism companies can contribute to regional development and serve as a point of departure for further research.

  • 22.
    Margaryan, Lusine
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Commercializing the unpredictable: Perspectives from wildlife watching tourism entrepreneurs in Sweden2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    While wildlife watching has primarily been associated with the ‘charismatic megafauna’ of the Global South, the attention to Europe’s own biodiversity and its tourist potential has been on the rise. Tourism companies, offering wildlife watching experiences and attracting tourists with glossy animal images, share a unique property: they build their business on a promise they have no guarantee of fulfilling. The factor of luck becomes important, as evident in the advertisement texts of wildlife watching tours, which are replete with ‘luck’, ‘hopefully’, ‘chance’, ‘occasionally’, ‘no guarantee’ and similar verbiage emphasizing uncertainty and unpredictability. Understanding commercialization of relatively uncontrollable natural phenomena (wild animals) in a similarly uncertain natural setting (wilderness) is the aim of our paper. In our study we look at the case of wildlife watching companies in Sweden. The species used in these wildlife watching arrangements include inter alia free ranging bear, Eurasian elk, wolf, roe-deer, beaver and seal. Through a series of interviews and participant observations we distill and elaborate on the following major themes, shedding more light into the specifics of this type of nature commercialization through tourism: lack of control as an inherent property of wildlife watching tourism; agency and continuous negotiation of the uncertainties within the operational setting (both naturogenic and anthropogenic); importance of guide performances and ‘secondary’ experiences; presentation of unpredictability as authenticity (authentic wilderness).

  • 23.
    Margaryan, Lusine
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Commercializing the Unpredictable: Perspectives From Wildlife Watching Tourism Entrepreneurs in Sweden2017In: Human Dimensions of Wildlife, ISSN 1087-1209, E-ISSN 1533-158X, Vol. 22, no 5, p. 406-421Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism companies that offer wildlife watching experiences share a unique property—they build their business on a promise they have no guarantee of fulfilling (showing wild animals). The factor of luck becomes important, as evident in the advertisement texts of wildlife watching tours. Understanding commercialization of uncontrollable natural phenomena (wild animals) in a similarly uncertain natural setting (wilderness) is the aim of our article. In this illustrative case study, we examine wildlife watching companies in Sweden, focusing on free ranging bear, moose, wolf, roe-deer, beaver, and seal. Through interviews and participant observations with eight wildlife watching entrepreneurs, we elaborate on the following major themes that help understand specific challenges associated with these businesses: lack of control as an inherent property of wildlife watching tourism, agency and continuous negotiation of uncertainties within the operational setting, importance of guide performances and “secondary” experiences, and using uncertainty as a way of enhancing authenticity.

  • 24.
    Pettersson, Robert
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Turisme i Sápmi og Laponia2005In: GO : geografisk orientering, ISSN 0105-4848, Vol. 2, p. 70-75Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Sievänen, Tuija
    et al.
    Natural Resource Institute, Finland.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Søndergaard Jensen, Frank
    University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Lundberg, Christine
    University of Surrey.
    Sandell, Klas
    Karlstads universitet.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Wolf-Watz, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Foresight Outdoor Recreation: A discussion based on monitoring experiences in the Nordic context2016In: Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas, Abstract Book, 2016, p. 173-175Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Svensson, Daniel
    et al.
    KTH, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    Sörlin, Sverker
    KTH, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    Dahlberg, Annika
    Stockholms universitet.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Walking on the Shoulders of Giants: Historical Mountain Trails as Management Tools?2017In: The Routledge International Handbook of Walking Studies / [ed] C. M. Hall, Y. Ram, N. Shoval, New York: Routledge, 2017, p. 330-339Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Walking in mountains is a way of transport in varied terrain and a means to enhance nature experiences and deepen landscape relations. It is also one of the most popular activities in Swedish outdoor life as well as among international tourists. Mobility has over time and for multiple reasons resulted in a network of trails and pathways – a ‘mobility heritage’. However, this heritage is not static but continuously transformed through new needs and uses, and as such it is a vital component in any reform towards a more sustainable landscape management by and for governing bodies, NGOs, and other interest groups.

     

    Despite multiple users and uses, trails are often discrete, small-scale and with marginal direct effects on local ecology and landscape, although exceptions also exist. However, the long history of multiple actor use of trails and landscapes alongside them, and the reasons and interests behind their location and maintenance, has profoundly affected landscape perceptions over time.

     

    We argue that trails can be used as a tool to engage different interests and to minimize conflicts between different users, while aiming to enhance landscape values for all users. This is highly relevant to various forms of nature conservation, Sami reindeer herding, recreation and tourism. We aim to provide deeper knowledge about trails, conceptually and about their roles, functions, and how this may relate to future management. Against a background of theoretical, historical and empirical approaches to pathways and walking we present our topic through the lens of Swedish mountain trails, with a special focus on Jämtland County. Can the interests of visiting hikers and multiple local and regional interests come to co-exist in a sustainable way by using trails as one main tool? 

  • 27. Tolvanen, Anne
    et al.
    Forbes, Bruce
    Wall, Sandra
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Norokorpi, Yrjö
    Recreation at treeline and interactions with other land use activities2005In: Plant Ecology, Herbivory, and Human Impact in Nordic Mountain Birch Forests, Berlin: Springer , 2005, p. 203-217Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28. Tolvanen, Anne
    et al.
    Forbes, Bruce
    Wall, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Norokorpi, Yrjö
    Recreation at treeline and interactions with other land use activities2005In: Plant Ecology, Herbivory, and Human Impact in Nordic Mountain Birch Forests, Berlin: Springer, 2005, p. 203-217Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    A ticket to national parks? tourism, railways and the establishment of national parks in Sweden2009In: Tourism and National Parks: International Perspectives on Development, Histories and Change / [ed] Frost, W. and Hall, C.M., London: Routledge, 2009, p. 184-196Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Bortom konflikter i fjällen2015In: Kunskapskonferensen Storslagen fjällmiljö, 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Dans les coulisses de la science.: Entretien avec Sandra Wall-Reinius2012In: Téoros, ISSN 1923-2705, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 116-117Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Experiences from Visitor Surveys and Counting within the research project: Visitors, conflicts and sustainability2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Exploring the importance of categories in contemporary conservation debates: the case of a proposed national park in the Swedish mountain region.2015In: Nordic environmental social science conference 2015: Contested natures - new strategies, ideas and dialogues?, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Alongside ‘wilderness’ the category ‘national park’ is one of the most powerful within nature conservation, and it in turn rests on a historical legacy of numerous and varied categories. Recent critique against conventional approaches to conservation has resulted in a shift towards more public participation and the inclusion of local development – at least in policy rhetoric. However, our research on a proposed new national park in the Swedish mountains (Jämtland County) shows how difficult it is to change rooted understandings of existing categories, such as ‘national park’.

     

    The proposed park is perceived differently by different stakeholders, there exists tension and mistrust between them, and the park is contested for several reasons. Here categories and categorisation are important. Categories create paradoxes that may lead to tension and conflict, and they often act to block change in thinking and practice. These effects can occur when a piece of land belongs to different categories, when a category remains static while the local context changes, when the material and immaterial ‘components inherent in landscapes are categorised differently by different users, and when they use the same category it may be attributed different values. A lack of awareness of this impedes novel solutions and potential trade-offs. This is equally relevant at the interface of science and policy, science and public, policy and public – and at the interface of these and the landscape. A critical analysis of how categories are formed, by whom, and their effects, are important for understanding and moving beyond conflicts in conservation.

  • 34.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Internationella marknader för svensk naturturism2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Allt fler utländska turister besöker Sverige. I vilken utsträck­ning kommer de för att delta i naturbaserade aktiviteter? Vad kännetecknar de utländska naturturisterna? I en studie har personer från tio länder svarat på en webenkät om sina ut­landsresor. Knappt var tionde person angav att Sverige var res­målet för den huvudsakliga semesterresan. De mest avgörande faktorerna för att resa hit är att det är lätt och bekvämt att ta sig eller p.g.a. familj och vänner. Att uppleva natur är en av de tio viktigaste faktorerna. För en stor andel var det huvudsak­liga syftet att besöka familj och vänner, storstäder för shopping och nöjesliv samt för att besöka museer och restauranger. 15% har utomhusaktiviteter och naturupplevelser som sitt primära syfte och de betraktas i studien som naturturister. Den största gruppen naturturister kommer från grannlän­derna och Tyskland. Den genomsnittlige naturturisten är man eller kvinna utan barn i hushållet, har lång utbildning och hög inkomst. Tre av fyra reser på egen hand och planerar hela re­san inklusive alla aktiviteter, 10% har ett i förväg arrangerat program varje dag och 15% har minst en guidad tur. De bor huvudsakligen på hotell eller i hyrd/egen stuga. I genomsnitt stannar de sex dagar och de spenderar mer än andra turis­ter under sin semesterresa. Den mest populära aktiviteten är lättare vandring i fjäll eller skog. Promenader i en stad/by för att uppleva stämningen och människorna rangordnas som den näst mest populära aktiviteten, följt av restaurangbesök och shopping. Detta betyder att även om de har aktiviteter i naturområden/uppleva natur som sitt huvudsakliga syfte, så ägnar de sig också i hög grad åt andra aktiviteter - varav flera återfinns i mer urbana miljöer.

    Intervjuer med utländska turister som besökt svens­ka naturturismföretag visar att de är resvana och kän­ner till Sverige väl. Det framgår tydligt att de som är på bilsemester ägnar sig åt en mängd aktiviteter som de ordnar på egen hand. Naturupplevelser är en del, men de har flera syften med sin resa, särskilt värderas tid tillsammans och avkoppling. Här återfinns familjer eller par. Däremot visar de som är mer aktivitetsfokuserade stort intresse för natur, djur och växter. De söker även tystnad och ensamhet. De har bokat den specifika akti­viteten i ett paket med boende och måltider. De flyger och reser i par eller ensamma.

  • 35.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Naturturismföretagen och naturen2011Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Att naturturismföretag är beroende av naturen för sin verk­samhet torde vara en självklarhet, men på vilket sätt? Hur viktig är den opåverkade naturmiljön och vilken bety­delse har leder och anläggningar? Hur viktigt är det fria tillträdet till naturen respektive ensam­rätt till naturresurser? Svaren på frågorna har sökts med hjälp av intervjuer och en telefonenkät riktad till svenska naturtu­rismföretag. De preliminära resultaten visar att över 90 % av företagen anser att den opåverkade naturmiljön är viktig, och då i syn­nerhet företag med hög andel internationella besökare. Före­tag inom vandring, guidning, klättring anser att leder är viktiga, medan jakt- och fiskeföretag lägger större vikt vid anläggning­ar. Betydelsen av naturens fria tillträde är störst för företag som har hög andel svenska besökare och erbjuder vandring, guidning, klättring samt för företag i södra Sverige som erbju­der vattenbaserade aktiviteter (kanot, kajak, segling mm). En exklusiv rättighet till naturen har störst betydelse för jakt-och fiskeföretag. Studien visar också betydelsen av samarbete mellan naturturismföretag och andra delar av turistnäringen, t.ex. boende och restaurang.

  • 36.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Olika erfarenheter och perspektiv på processer inför och efter tillkomsten av skyddade områden: session organized at Kunskapskonferensen Storslagen fjällmiljö2014In: Kunskapskonferensen Storslagen fjällmiljö, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Protected Attractions: Tourism and Wilderness2010In: International symposium on society and resource management (ISSRM), 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Protected Attractions: Tourism and Wilderness in the Swedish Mountain Region2009Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Europe’s first national parks were established in northern Sweden in 1909 and this region has thus functioned as a protected and aesthetic pleasure landscape for a century. In 1996, due to the combination of spectacular natural environment and ancient Sami traditions the Laponian World Heritage Area was established here. In spite of local cultural history and contemporary land use practices, the Swedish northern mountains are often described as remnants of the pristine and as wilderness – defined as the opposite to culture – and for many, wilderness is an unproblematic category of nature. With a focus on touristic use of protected areas, this thesis examines the role of different interests, including power relations, in shaping dominant descriptions of landscapes. Investigated themes include how landscape values are expressed, interpreted and explained by visitors, as well as the influence of different ideas underlying nature conservation. Results show that tourists visit the mountains to experience nature, wilderness, and scenery, and to feel mental relaxation. The existence of marked hiking trails and facilities at tourist cabins are also of importance. The attractiveness of the mountains includes the combination of comfortable conditions and a perceived untouched landscape. Tourists perceive the area as wilderness and – at the same time – filled with tourist facilities and Sami culture such as reindeer herding activities. It is found that the perception of the mountains as a wild and scenic natural landscape has not changed much during the last century. In this thesis, the concept of wilderness is problematized and contested since it produces images and values that have unrecognized effects on how we perceive and manage landscapes, including their cultural attributes. This thesis applies a critical realism approach to conceptualize landscapes.

  • 39.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Reindeer as a symbol of the natural and cultural landscape: tourist experiences of the Laponian WHS2008In: RGS-IBG Annual International Conference “Geographies That Matter”, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Researching tourists in the outdoors Challenges and experiences from protected areas in Sweden2010In: Fieldwork in Tourism: Methods, Issues and Reflections / [ed] Hall, CM, London: Routledge, 2010, p. 232-239Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Stabilitet och förändring: en longitudinell studie over vandrarnas upplevelser i lapplandsfjällen2008In: Friluftsforskning 2008 / [ed] Lena Ernerfeldt Burman, Peter Fredman & Klas Sandell, 2008, p. 53-54Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tourism attractions and land use interactions: Case studies from protected areas in the Swedish mountain region2006Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tourist's Behaviour and Attitudes in the Northern Part of the Swedish Mountains2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund Behovet av turism- och friluftslivsforskning är stort. Kunskap om besökarna är relevant för förvaltare av natur- och kulturområden samt för turistindustrin. För att förstå turismens effekter och påverkan på naturen, kulturen och samhället är det viktigt att ha fakta om besökarnas aktiviteter, rörelsemönster, motiv till besöket, upplevelser och attityder till natur- och kulturlandskapet samt till förvaltning. I denna rapport presenteras ett påbörjat forskningsprojekt om besökare i norra Lapplandsfjällen. En första undersökning genomfördes 2002 bland besökare till fyra turistanläggningar i Torneträskområdet och några av resultaten redovisas i denna rapport. Datainsamlingen har skett genom postenkäter till ett urval av hotellgästerna. Undersökningen ingår som en del i en doktorsavhandling. Syften och mål I rapportens första del presenteras avhandlingens syften och datainsamlingsmetoder samt en kort områdesbeskrivning med fokus på turism och natur- och kulturskydd. Den andra delen av rapporten syftar till att öka kunskapen om vem som besöker turistanläggningarna i Torneträskområdet. Vidare studeras besökarnas aktiviteter och motiv till deras besök samt besökarnas upplevelser av naturen och attityder till förvaltning.

  • 44.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Understanding Sweden as a Nature Tourism Destination2009In: The 18th Nordic Symposium in tourism and hospitality research, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Utlandsmarknader för svensk naturturism: Sekundäranalys av VisitSwedens målgruppsundersökning på tio utlandsmarknader 20092010Report (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Vägar till mångfunktionella landskap: en pilotmodell i Jämtlandsfjällen2016Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 47.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wilderness and Culture: Tourist Views and Experiences in the Laponian World Heritage Area2012In: Society & Natural Resources, ISSN 0894-1920, E-ISSN 1521-0723, Vol. 25, no 7, p. 621-632Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Laponian World Heritage Area in northern Sweden was established due to the natural beauty and the history of the indigenous Sami reindeer culture. Laponia, which is often referred to as the last wilderness of Europe, is also of importance for tourists. This article investigates how the landscape of Laponia is viewed and experienced. Tourists were questioned to explore how they think about the kind of landscape they visit, and, more specifically, they were asked about the meaning of the concept of wilderness. It is found that wilderness is used as a description of a defined area with pristine nature, wild animals, and few human influences. The tourists see no contradiction in the idea that a place can be pristine, used for Sami practice, and at the same time developed for tourism. This article also discusses the implications of the concept of wilderness for place and people.

  • 48.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Brouder, Patrick
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Emerging sustainable tourism development in the arctic gateway of Jokkmokk, Sweden?2014In: International Polar Tourism Research Network IPTRN, 2014: Polar Tourism Gateways: Past, Present and Future, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Bäck, Lennart
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Changes in Visitor Demand: Interyear Comparisons of Swedish Hikers' Characteristics, Preferences and Experiences2011In: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, Vol. 11, no Suppl 1, p. 38-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this study is a comparison over time between two visitor surveys

    (1980 and 2003) conducted in northern Sweden. The aim is to analyze possible changes and

    similarities over time in what attracts hikers to visit protected areas and if the type of visitor

    has changed. Since comparisons over time are rare in tourism and outdoor recreation

    research, this paper contributes to valuable empirical insights. Long-term data on tourism

    and recreation is essential to assess visitor experiences and visitor impacts on the resource,

    and for nature conservation management. The results reveal several variables that have been

    stable over time. However, many changes have also occurred. For the visitors, it has become

    more important with adventure and perils, services, marked hiking trails and accessibility,

    and the average age among the hikers has become higher and they have reduced their length

    of stay. In the second study, the hikers also accepted infrastructure to a greater extent. The

    paper discusses possible implications of the changes found.

  • 50.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Chekalina, Tatiana
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Inter-year comparisons of visitor characteristics and preferences: the case of Swedish summer visitors in the Jämtland Mountains2015In: Responsible Tourism?: The 24th Nordic Symposium in Tourism and Hospitality Research, Icelandic Tourism Research Centre , 2015, p. 97-Conference paper (Refereed)
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