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  • 1.
    Dulić, Tomislav
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen, Hugo Valentin-centrum.
    Miljan, Goran
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen, Hugo Valentin-centrum.
    The Ustašas and Fascism : “Abolitionism,” Revolution, and Ideology (1929–42)2020Ingår i: Journal of Soviet and Post-Soviet Politics and Society, ISSN 2364-5334, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 281-309Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The analysis departs from a discussion about whether one should consider the Croatian Ustašas as fascist, or whether they in fact are best described as radical nationalist group, as was recently argued by Oleksandr Zaitsev in a comparison with the OUN. By combining Mathiesen’s theory of “the unfinished” with the key elements of “generic fascism”, the authors present a new model for the holistic analysis of fascist ideology over time. Following the in-depth theoretical discussion of the phenomenon of fascistisation, they use the Ustašas as an empirical case to elucidate how “abolitionist” movements and organisations keep part of their ideology “unfinished” in public until the acquisition of state power. During an initial “abolitionist” phase, fascists will focus their communication on those ideological elements of importance for the “dogmatic negation” of “the old system”. The ideological elements relevant for the “positive construction” will instead be merely “suggested” until the assumption of power.  We can find the reason behind such strategies in the statist and monistic tenets of fascist ideology, which views the acquisition of political power as an essential prerequisite for the achievement of profound political and societal change. By connecting the process of fascsistisation to the role of agency and state power, the new model also provides a basis for a more refined analysis of the emergence and development of fascist entities.

  • 2.
    Miljan, Goran
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen, Hugo Valentin-centrum. Uppsala universitet.
    Croatia and the Rise of Fascism: the Youth Movement and the Ustasha During WWII2018Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    During World War II, Croatia became a fascist state under the control of the Ustasha Movement - allied with Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. Here, Goran Miljan examines and analyzes for the first time the ideology, practices, and international connections of the Ustasha Youth organization. The Ustasha Youth was an all-embracing fascist youth organization, established in July 1941 by the `Independent State of Croatia' with the goal of reeducating young people in the model of an ideal `new' Croat. This youth organization attempted to set in motion an all-embracing, totalitarian national revolution which in reality consisted of specific interconnected, mutually dependent practices: prosecution, oppression, mass murder, and the Holocaust - all of which were officially legalized within a month of the regime's accession to power. To this end education, sport, manual work and camping took place in specially established Ustasha Youth Schools. In order to justify their radical policies of youth reeducation, the Ustasha Youth, besides emphasizing national character and the importance of cultural and national purity, also engaged in transnational activities and exchanges, especially with the Hlinkova mladez [Hlinka Youth] of the Slovak Republic. Both youth organizations were closely modelled after the youth organizations in Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. This is a little studied part of the history of World War II and of Fascism, and will be essential reading for scholars of Central Europe and the Holocaust

  • 3.
    Miljan, Goran
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen, Hugo Valentin-centrum.
    From Obscure Beginnings to State ‘Resurrection’-: Ideas and Practices of the Ustaša Organization2016Ingår i: Fascism: Journal of Comparative Fascist Studies, ISSN 2211-6249, E-ISSN 2211-6257, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 3-25Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the contemporary literature on the Ustaša organization and its terror regime,

    the organization is often seen and described as a vague and peripheral case study. Neither the establishment of the Ustaša state, nor the very purpose for which the organization was established, can be understood without taking into consideration the context of its formation, organizational and ideological structure as well as the influences its members were exposed to during their formative period. Therefore the article focuses on the development of its organizational and ideological aspects. The aim is to analyze the basic features and aspects of the Ustaša organization which show that by the mid-1930s, and perhaps even earlier, the Ustaša organization fully evolved into a fascist organization.

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  • 4.
    Miljan, Goran
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen, Hugo Valentin-centrum.
    Review of: Transformations of populism in Europe and the Americas: history and recent tendencies2017Ingår i: European Review of History, ISSN 1350-7486, E-ISSN 1469-8293, Vol. 24, nr 6, s. 1013-1014Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 5.
    Miljan, Goran
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen, Hugo Valentin-centrum.
    The Brotherhood of Youth´ - A Case Study of the Ustaša and Hlinka Youth Connections and Exchanges2017Ingår i: Fascism Without Borders: Transnational Connections and Cooperation between Movements and Regimes in Europe from 1918 to 1945 / [ed] Arnd Bauerkämper and Grzegorz Rossoliński-Liebe, New York, Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2017Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 6.
    Miljan, Goran
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen, Hugo Valentin-centrum.
    The Ustasha Youth and the Aryanization of Jewish Property in the Independent State of Croatia, 1941-19452019Ingår i: European Holocaust Studies, ISSN 2627-180x, Vol. 2, s. 113-132Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 7.
    Miljan, Goran
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen, Hugo Valentin-centrum.
    Borovečki, Zrinka
    Sport in den totalitären Regimen: Idee, Identität und Zwang – Fallstudie Kroatien2017Ingår i: Mogersdorf : Geschichte der Körperkultur und des Sports im pannonischen Raum im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert, Vol. 43, s. 113-136-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 8.
    Miljan, Goran
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen, Hugo Valentin-centrum.
    Mihaljević, Josip
    Croatian Institute of History.
    Was Tito's Yugoslavia not Totalitarian?2020Ingår i: Istorija 20 veka, ISSN 0352-3160, Vol. 38, nr 1, s. 223-248Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is a response to the article “Was Tito’s Yugoslavia totalitarian?” published in the journal Communist and Post-Communist Studies 47 (2014). The two authors indicate the inadequate theoretical framework and untenable interpretations made by Flere and Klanjšek, who provided a distorted picture of former Yugoslav society and the position of an individual in it. Their reduced theory of totalitarianism combined with their simplified interpretations served their aim of proving that the system established by the Yugoslav communists was not totalitarian nor did it strive to become one. Flere and Klanjšek’s main argument for the absence of totalitarianism is that of a federal state concept of Yugoslavia, which is not in correlation with contemporary understanding of totalitarianism. By deconstructing their arguments, this article argues for a more elaborated and up-to-date conceptual understanding of Tito’s Yugoslavia and its relation to the concept of totalitarianism.

  • 9.
    Miljan, Goran
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen, Hugo Valentin-centrum.
    Šute, Ivica
    Revolucionari i ubojice: Iz povijesti hrvatske nacionalističke emigracije2018Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The book by Goran Miljan and Ivica Šute „Revolutionaries and Murderers“ presents memories of Mijo Babić and Zvonimir Pospišil about the political developments and their own participation in them during the 1920s in Zagreb, with emphasis on the assassination of Toni Schlegel, a journalist from Zagreb, carried out by Babić and Pospišil. The major part of the book comprises the text from Babić “Why Today I Am in a Foreign Country”, an interesting and detailed, albeit subjective, chronology of social-political events in Zagreb during the 1920s, which Babić wrote in May 1930. Babić was profoundly disappointed by the Croats’ passivity regarding the regime of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (SHS), and he describes in great detail the demonstrations of the time, the death of Stjepan Radić, youth gatherings which he attended regularly, the organizing of terrorist attacks, the preparations and carrying out of the assassination of Toni Schlegel followed by Babić’s hiding in Zagreb and then escape to Italy where both he and Pospišil met Ante Pavelić and August Košutić. These documents – memoirs by Mijo Babić and the Italian police hearing records of Mijo Babić and Zvonimir Pospišil, besides describing their own personal transformation into “revolutionaries and murderers”, also present an invaluable historical source of memories of the two men, who during the 1930s became prominent members of the Ustasha movement. Furthermore, this book is interesting not only in light of radicalization of Mijo Babić during the late 1920s and his transformation into a significant figure of the Ustasha movement but also for the beginning of the Ustasha regime, when Babić actively participated in the establishment of the Danica Camp and later, in June 1941, becoming the commander of the Ustashas system of Gospić-Velebit-Pag Island concentration camps.

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