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  • 1.
    Baeten, Lander
    et al.
    Univ Ghent, Dept Environm, Gontrode, Belgium.
    Bruelheide, Helge
    Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Inst Biol, Geobot & Bot Garden, Halle, Germany;German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany.
    van der Plas, Fons
    Univ Leipzig, Dept Systemat Bot & Funct Biodivers, Leipzig, Germany;Senckenberg Gesell Naturforsch, Biodivers & Climate Res Ctr, Frankfurt, Germany.
    Kambach, Stephan
    Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Inst Biol, Geobot & Bot Garden, Halle, Germany;German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany.
    Ratcliffe, Sophia
    Univ Leipzig, Dept Systemat Bot & Funct Biodivers, Leipzig, Germany;Natl Biodivers Network Trust, Nottingham, England.
    Jucker, Tommaso
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Plant Sci, Forest Ecol & Conservat, Cambridge, England;CSIRO Land & Water, Floreat, WA, Australia.
    Allan, Eric
    Univ Bern, Inst Plant Sci, Bern, Switzerland.
    Ampoorter, Evy
    Univ Ghent, Dept Environm, Gontrode, Belgium.
    Barbaro, Luc
    Univ Toulouse, INRA INPT, Dynafor, Auzeville, France.
    Bastias, Cristina C.
    CSIC, MNCN, Madrid, Spain.
    Bauhus, Juergen
    Univ Freiburg, Fac Environm & Nat Resources, Chair Silviculture, Freiburg, Germany.
    Benavides, Raquel
    CSIC, MNCN, Madrid, Spain.
    Bonal, Damien
    Univ Lorraine, INRA, UMR Silva, AgroParisTech, Nancy, France.
    Bouriaud, Olivier
    Stefan Cel Mare Univ Suceava, Fac Forestry, Suceava, Romania.
    Bussotti, Filippo
    Univ Firenze, Dept Agrifood & Environm Sci DISPAA, Lab Environm & Appl Bot, Florence, Italy.
    Carnol, Monique
    Univ Liege, InBioS Plant & Microbial Ecol, Liege, Belgium.
    Castagneyrol, Bastien
    INRA, UMR 1202 BIOGECO, Cestas, France;Univ Bordeaux, BIOGECO, UMR 1202, Pessac, France.
    Charbonnier, Yohan
    LPO, Le Bourg, Bourrou, France.
    Checko, Ewa
    Univ Warmia & Mazury, Dept Forestry & Forest Ecol, Olsztyn, Poland.
    Coomes, David A.
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Plant Sci, Forest Ecol & Conservat, Cambridge, England.
    Dahlgren, Jonas
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Forest Resource Management, Umea, Sweden.
    Dawud, Seid Muhie
    Wollo Univ, Coll Agr, Dept Forestry, Dessie, Ethiopia.
    De Wandeler, Hans
    Univ Leuven, Dept Earth & Environm Sci, Leuven, Belgium.
    Domisch, Timo
    Nat Resources Inst Finland Luke, Joensuu, Finland.
    Finer, Leena
    Nat Resources Inst Finland Luke, Joensuu, Finland.
    Fischer, Markus
    Univ Bern, Inst Plant Sci, Bern, Switzerland.
    Fotelli, Mariangela
    Greek Agr Org Dimitra, Forest Res Inst Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Gessler, Arthur
    Swiss Fed Res Inst WSL, Res Unit Forest Dynam, Birmensdorf, Switzerland.
    Grossiord, Charlotte
    Los Alamos Natl Lab, Earth & Environm Sci Div, Los Alamos, NM USA.
    Guyot, Virginie
    INRA, UMR 1202 BIOGECO, Cestas, France;Univ Bordeaux, BIOGECO, UMR 1202, Pessac, France.
    Hattenschwiler, Stephan
    Univ Montpellier, Univ Paul Valery Montpellier, EPHE, CNRS,Ctr Evolutionary & Funct Ecol, Montpellier, France.
    Jactel, Herve
    INRA, UMR 1202 BIOGECO, Cestas, France;Univ Bordeaux, BIOGECO, UMR 1202, Pessac, France.
    Jaroszewicz, Bogdan
    Univ Warsaw, Bialowieza Geobotan Stn, Fac Biol, Bialowieza, Poland.
    Joly, Francois-Xavier
    Univ Montpellier, Univ Paul Valery Montpellier, EPHE, CNRS,Ctr Evolutionary & Funct Ecol, Montpellier, France.
    Koricheva, Julia
    Royal Holloway Univ London, Sch Biol Sci, Egham, Surrey, England.
    Lehtonen, Aleksi
    Nat Resources Inst Finland Luke, Helsinki, Finland.
    Mueller, Sandra
    Univ Freiburg, Dept Geobot, Fac Biol, Freiburg, Germany.
    Muys, Bart
    Nguyen, Diem
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Systematic Biology. Department of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Pollastrini, Martina
    Univ Firenze, Dept Agrifood & Environm Sci DISPAA, Lab Environm & Appl Bot, Florence, Italy.
    Radoglou, Kalliopi
    Democritus Univ Thrace DUTH, Dept Forestry & Management Environm & Nat, Nea Orestiada, Greece.
    Raulund-Rasmussen, Karsten
    Univ Copenhagen, Dept Geosci & Nat Resource Managemen, Frederiksberg C, Denmark.
    Ruiz-Benito, Paloma
    Univ Alcala De Henares, Dept Ciencias Vida, Grp Ecol & Restaurac Forestal, Madrid, Spain.
    Selvi, Federico
    Univ Firenze, Dept Agrifood & Environm Sci DISPAA, Lab Environm & Appl Bot, Florence, Italy.
    Stenlid, Jan
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Forest Mycol & Plant Pathol, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Valladares, Fernando
    CSIC, MNCN, Madrid, Spain.
    Vesterdal, Lars
    Univ Copenhagen, Dept Geosci & Nat Resource Managemen, Frederiksberg C, Denmark.
    Verheyen, Kris
    Univ Ghent, Dept Environm, Gontrode, Belgium.
    Wirth, Christian
    Max Planck Inst Biogeochem, Jena, Germany.
    Zavala, Miguel A.
    Univ Alcala De Henares, Dept Ciencias Vida, Grp Ecol & Restaurac Forestal, Madrid, Spain.
    Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael
    Identifying the tree species compositions that maximize ecosystem functioning in European forests2019In: Journal of Applied Ecology, ISSN 0021-8901, E-ISSN 1365-2664, Vol. 56, no 3, p. 733-744Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    1. Forest ecosystem functioning generally benefits from higher tree species richness, but variation within richness levels is typically large. This is mostly due to the contrasting performances of communities with different compositions. Evidence-based understanding of composition effects on forest productivity, as well as on multiple other functions will enable forest managers to focus on the selection of species that maximize functioning, rather than on diversity per se.

    2. We used a dataset of 30 ecosystem functions measured in stands with different species richness and composition in six European forest types. First, we quantified whether the compositions that maximize annual above-ground wood production (productivity) generally also fulfil the multiple other ecosystem functions (multifunctionality). Then, we quantified the species identity effects and strength of interspecific interactions to identify the "best" and "worst" species composition for multifunctionality. Finally, we evaluated the real-world frequency of occurrence of best and worst mixtures, using harmonized data from multiple national forest inventories.

    3. The most productive tree species combinations also tended to express relatively high multifunctionality, although we found a relatively wide range of compositions with high- or low-average multifunctionality for the same level of productivity. Monocultures were distributed among the highest as well as the lowest performing compositions. The variation in functioning between compositions was generally driven by differences in the performance of the component species and, to a lesser extent, by particular interspecific interactions. Finally, we found that the most frequent species compositions in inventory data were monospecific stands and that the most common compositions showed below-average multifunctionality and productivity.

    4. Synthesis and applications. Species identity and composition effects are essential to the development of high-performing production systems, for instance in forestry and agriculture. They therefore deserve great attention in the analysis and design of functional biodiversity studies if the aim is to inform ecosystem management. A management focus on tree productivity does not necessarily trade-off against other ecosystem functions; high productivity and multifunctionality can be combined with an informed selection of tree species and species combinations.

  • 2.
    Nguyen, Diem
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Systematic Biology. Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Forest Mycol & Plant Pathol, S-75007 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Boberg, Johanna
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Forest Mycol & Plant Pathol, S-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Cleary, Michelle
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Southern Swedish Forest Res Ctr, S-23053 Alnarp, Sweden..
    Bruelheide, Helge
    Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Inst Biol Geobot & Bot Garden, D-06108 Halle, Germany.;German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany..
    Hoenig, Lydia
    Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Inst Biol Geobot & Bot Garden, D-06108 Halle, Germany..
    Koricheva, Julia
    Royal Holloway Univ London, Egham TW20 0EX, Surrey, England..
    Stenlid, Jan
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Forest Mycol & Plant Pathol, S-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Foliar fungi of Betula pendula: impact of tree species mixtures and assessment methods2017In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 7, article id 41801Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Foliar fungi of silver birch (Betula pendula) in an experimental Finnish forest were investigated across a gradient of tree species richness using molecular high-throughput sequencing and visual macroscopic assessment. We hypothesized that the molecular approach detects more fungal taxa than visual assessment, and that there is a relationship among the most common fungal taxa detected by both techniques. Furthermore, we hypothesized that the fungal community composition, diversity, and distribution patterns are affected by changes in tree diversity. Sequencing revealed greater diversity of fungi on birch leaves than the visual assessment method. One species showed a linear relationship between the methods. Species-specific variation in fungal community composition could be partially explained by tree diversity, though overall fungal diversity was not affected by tree diversity. Analysis of specific fungal taxa indicated tree diversity effects at the local neighbourhood scale, where the proportion of birch among neighbouring trees varied, but not at the plot scale. In conclusion, both methods may be used to determine tree diversity effects on the foliar fungal community. However, high-throughput sequencing provided higher resolution of the fungal community, while the visual macroscopic assessment detected functionally active fungal species.

  • 3.
    Ratcliffe, Sophia
    et al.
    Univ Leipzig, Dept Systemat Bot & Funct Biodivers, Johannisallee 21-23, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany..
    Wirth, Christian
    Univ Leipzig, Dept Systemat Bot & Funct Biodivers, Johannisallee 21-23, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany.;German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Deutsch Pl 5E, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany.;Max Planck Inst Biogeochem, Hans Knoll Str 10, D-07743 Jena, Germany..
    Jucker, Tommaso
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Plant Sci, Forest Ecol & Conservat, Downing St, Cambridge CB2 3EA, England.;CSIRO Land & Water Flagship, Private Bag 5, Wembley, WA 6913, Australia..
    van der Plas, Fons
    Univ Bern, Inst Plant Sci, Altenbergrain 21, CH-3013 Bern, Switzerland.;Senckenberg Gesell Naturforsch Biodivers & Climat, Senckenberganlage 25, D-60325 Frankfurt, Germany..
    Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael
    Univ Freiburg, Fac Biol Geobot, Schanzlestr 1, D-79104 Freiburg, Germany..
    Verheyen, Kris
    Univ Ghent, Forest & Nat Lab, Geraardsbergsesteenweg 267, B-9090 Melle Gontrode, Belgium..
    Allan, Eric
    Univ Bern, Inst Plant Sci, Altenbergrain 21, CH-3013 Bern, Switzerland..
    Benavides, Raquel
    MNCN CSIC, Serrano 115 Bis, Madrid 28006, Spain..
    Bruelheide, Helge
    German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Deutsch Pl 5E, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany.;Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Inst Biol Geobot & Bot Garden, Kirchtor 1, D-06108 Halle, Germany..
    Ohse, Bettina
    Univ Leipzig, Dept Systemat Bot & Funct Biodivers, Johannisallee 21-23, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany..
    Paquette, Alain
    Univ Quebec, CFR, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
    Ampoorter, Evy
    Univ Ghent, Forest & Nat Lab, Geraardsbergsesteenweg 267, B-9090 Melle Gontrode, Belgium..
    Bastias, Cristina C.
    MNCN CSIC, Serrano 115 Bis, Madrid 28006, Spain..
    Bauhus, Juergen
    Univ Freiburg, Chair Silviculture, Fac Environm & Nat Resources, Fahnenbergpl, D-79085 Freiburg, Germany..
    Bonal, Damien
    INRA, UMR EEF, F-54280 Seichamps, France..
    Bouriaud, Olivier
    Stefan Cel Mare Univ Suceava, Fac Forestry, Univ St 13, Suceava 720229, Romania..
    Bussotti, Filippo
    Univ Firenze, Lab Environm & Appl Bot, Dept Agri Food & Environm Sci DISPAA, Piazzale Cascine 28, I-50144 Florence, Italy..
    Carnol, Monique
    Univ Liege, Lab Plant & Microbial Ecol, Bot B22, Chemin Vallee 4, B-4000 Liege, Belgium..
    Castagneyrol, Bastien
    INRA, UMR 1202 BIOGECO, F-33610 Cestas, France.;Univ Bordeaux, BIOGECO, UMR 1202, F-33600 Pessac, France..
    Checko, Ewa
    Univ Warsaw, Fac Biol, Bialowieza Geobot Stn, PL-17230 Bialowie, Poland..
    Dawud, Seid Muhie
    Wollo Univ, Coll Agr, Dept Forestry, POB 1145, Dessie, Ethiopia..
    De Wandeler, Hans
    Univ Leuven, Dept Earth & Environm Sci, Celestijnenlaan 200E Box 2411, BE-3001 Leuven, Belgium..
    Domisch, Timo
    Nat Resources Inst Finland Luke, Yliopistokatu 6, FI-80100 Joensuu, Finland..
    Finer, Leena
    Nat Resources Inst Finland Luke, Yliopistokatu 6, FI-80100 Joensuu, Finland..
    Fischer, Markus
    Univ Bern, Inst Plant Sci, Altenbergrain 21, CH-3013 Bern, Switzerland..
    Fotelli, Mariangela
    Greek Agr Org Dimitra, Forest Res Inst Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece..
    Gessler, Arthur
    Swiss Fed Res Inst WSL, Res Unit Forest Dynam, Zuercherstr 111, CH-8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland..
    Granier, Andre
    INRA, UMR EEF, F-54280 Seichamps, France..
    Grossiord, Charlotte
    Los Alamos Natl Lab, Earth & Environm Sci Div, Los Alamos, NM 87545 USA..
    Guyot, Virginie
    INRA, UMR 1202 BIOGECO, F-33610 Cestas, France.;Univ Bordeaux, BIOGECO, UMR 1202, F-33600 Pessac, France..
    Haase, Josephine
    Univ Freiburg, Fac Biol Geobot, Schanzlestr 1, D-79104 Freiburg, Germany.;ETH, Dept Environm Syst Sci, Inst Terr Ecosyst, Univ Str 16, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland.;Univ Zurich, Dept Evolutionary Biol & Environm Studies, Winterthurerstr 190, CH-8057 Zurich, Switzerland..
    Hattenschwiler, Stephan
    Univ Paul Valery Montpellier, Univ Montpellier, CEFE UMR 5175, Ctr Evolutionary & Funct Ecol,EPHE, 1919 Route Mende, F-34293 Montpellier, France..
    Jactel, Herve
    INRA, UMR 1202 BIOGECO, F-33610 Cestas, France.;Univ Bordeaux, BIOGECO, UMR 1202, F-33600 Pessac, France..
    Jaroszewicz, Bogdan
    Univ Warsaw, Fac Biol, Bialowieza Geobot Stn, PL-17230 Bialowie, Poland..
    Joly, Francois-Xavier
    Univ Paul Valery Montpellier, Univ Montpellier, CEFE UMR 5175, Ctr Evolutionary & Funct Ecol,EPHE, 1919 Route Mende, F-34293 Montpellier, France..
    Kambach, Stephan
    German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Deutsch Pl 5E, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany.;Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Inst Biol Geobot & Bot Garden, Kirchtor 1, D-06108 Halle, Germany.;UFZ, Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Dept Community Ecol, Theodor Lieser Str 4, D-06120 Halle, Germany..
    Kolb, Simon
    Forest Res Inst Baden Wuerttemberg, Wonnhaldestr 4, D-79100 Freiburg, Germany..
    Koricheva, Julia
    Royal Holloway Univ London, Sch Biol Sci, Surrey TW20 0EX, England..
    Liebersgesell, Mario
    Univ Leipzig, Dept Systemat Bot & Funct Biodivers, Johannisallee 21-23, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany.;German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Deutsch Pl 5E, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany..
    Milligan, Harriet
    Royal Holloway Univ London, Sch Biol Sci, Surrey TW20 0EX, England..
    Mueller, Sandra
    Univ Freiburg, Fac Biol Geobot, Schanzlestr 1, D-79104 Freiburg, Germany..
    Muys, Bart
    Univ Leuven, Dept Earth & Environm Sci, Celestijnenlaan 200E Box 2411, BE-3001 Leuven, Belgium..
    Nguyen, Diem
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Systematic Biology. Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Forest Mycol & Plant Pathol, S-75007 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Nock, Charles
    Univ Freiburg, Fac Biol Geobot, Schanzlestr 1, D-79104 Freiburg, Germany.;Univ Freiburg, Chair Silviculture, Fac Environm & Nat Resources, Fahnenbergpl, D-79085 Freiburg, Germany..
    Pollastrini, Martina
    Univ Firenze, Lab Environm & Appl Bot, Dept Agri Food & Environm Sci DISPAA, Piazzale Cascine 28, I-50144 Florence, Italy..
    Purschke, Oliver
    German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Deutsch Pl 5E, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany..
    Radoglou, Kalliopi
    Democritus Univ Thrace DUTH, Dept Forestry & Management Environm & Nat Resourc, Pantazidou 193, Nea Orestiada 68200, Greece..
    Raulund-Rasmussen, Karsten
    Univ Copenhagen, Dept Geosci & Nat Resource Management, Rolighedsvej 23, DK-1958 Frederiksberg, Denmark..
    Roger, Fabian
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Marine Sci, Carl Skottsbergsgata 22B, S-41319 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Ruiz-Benito, Paloma
    Univ Alcala De Henares, Dept Ciencias Vida, Grp Ecol & Restaurac Forestal, Edificio Ciencias,Campus Univ, Alcala De Henares 28805, Madrid, Spain..
    Seidl, Rupert
    Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci BOKU, Inst Silviculture, Vienna, Austria..
    Selvi, Federico
    Univ Firenze, Lab Environm & Appl Bot, Dept Agri Food & Environm Sci DISPAA, Piazzale Cascine 28, I-50144 Florence, Italy..
    Seiferling, Ian
    Univ Quebec Trois Rivieres, Ctr Rech Interact Bassins Versants Ecosyst Aquat, 3351 Blvd Forges, Trois Rivieres, PQ G9A 5H7, Canada.;MIT, Senseable City Lab, 77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA..
    Stenlid, Jan
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Forest Mycol & Plant Pathol, S-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Valladares, Fernando
    MNCN CSIC, Serrano 115 Bis, Madrid 28006, Spain..
    Vesterdal, Lars
    Univ Copenhagen, Dept Geosci & Nat Resource Management, Rolighedsvej 23, DK-1958 Frederiksberg, Denmark..
    Baeten, Lander
    Univ Ghent, Forest & Nat Lab, Geraardsbergsesteenweg 267, B-9090 Melle Gontrode, Belgium..
    Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning relations in European forests depend on environmental context2017In: Ecology Letters, ISSN 1461-023X, E-ISSN 1461-0248, Vol. 20, no 11, p. 1414-1426Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of biodiversity in supporting ecosystem functioning is generally well accepted. However, most evidence comes from small-scale studies, and scaling-up patterns of biodiversity-ecosystem functioning (B-EF) remains challenging, in part because the importance of environmental factors in shaping B-EF relations is poorly understood. Using a forest research platform in which 26 ecosystem functions were measured along gradients of tree species richness in six regions across Europe, we investigated the extent and the potential drivers of context dependency of B-EF relations. Despite considerable variation in species richness effects across the continent, we found a tendency for stronger B-EF relations in drier climates as well as in areas with longer growing seasons and more functionally diverse tree species. The importance of water availability in driving context dependency suggests that as water limitation increases under climate change, biodiversity may become even more important to support high levels of functioning in European forests.

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