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  • 1. Scott, Niall
    Svärtningen av grönskan2017In: Aiolos. Tidskrift för litteratur, teori och estetik, ISSN 1400-7770, Vol. 56, p. 91-99Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2. Thacker, Eugene
    et al.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Kosmisk pessimism2018In: Aiolos, ISSN 1400-7770, no 60-61, p. 197-213Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Svensk översättning av "Cosmic pessimism" (2015).

    Thacker, Eugene. - Cosmic pessimism. - 2015. - ISBN: 9781937561475

  • 3.
    Ullén, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Jacobsson, Andreas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Wijkmark, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Wijkmark, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Våldsamma fantasier: Studier i fiktionsvåldets funktion och attraktion2014Book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Att anlägga perspektiv [red. Staffan Hellberg & Göran Rossholm] och Essays on fiction and perspective [red. Göran Rossholm]2004In: Samlaren: tidskrift för svensk litteraturvetenskaplig forskning, ISSN 0348-6133, E-ISSN 2002-3871, Vol. 125, p. 442-447Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 5.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Att äta digitala djur: Spel, våld och ideologi2015In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, no 4, p. 29-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article aims at studying game violence from an “awry” perspective, i.e. in terms of how games deal with the violence against animals inherent in processes of producing and consuming meat. Rockstar’s notorious Manhunt (2003) is taken as an initial example of how violence in games is usually dealt with. I argue that the focus on gruesome imagery serves an ideological function by hiding the real material violence of the game industry. As an alternative, I suggest that we focus on how games make visible systemic, yet less palpable, forms of ideological violence. My main focus is on how three contemporary open-world games represent the relation between eating meat and the industrial killing of animals.

              Three basic conceptual perspectives are combined: Slavoj Žižek’s distinction between subjective and objective violence; Melanie Joy’s conceptualization of cultural carnism as a cognitive scheme; and Ian Bogost’s procedural-rhetorical approach to videogames as models of material processes. These are employed in order to analyze three games taking a varied approach to the representation of meat as food: Rockstar’s Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas (2004), which includes a discursive critique of factory farming without also implementing it as a gameplay mechanic; Lionhead’s Fable II (2008), which implements ethical and political incentives for vegetarianism in the core mechanics of the game, yet allows for varied approaches in role-playing; and Maxis’ The Sims 3 (2009), which seems to include such incentives yet undermines them by dislodging food from its material origin in its model of the game world.

  • 6.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Bose och crescografen2018In: Aiolos, ISSN 1400-7770, Vol. 62, p. 85-87Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 7.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    "bunden af en takskyld uden lige”. Om svenskspråklig Ibsen-formidling 1857–1906 (Red. Vigdis Ystad, Knut Brynhildsvoll och Roland Lysell)2007In: Samlaren: tidskrift för svensk litteraturvetenskaplig forskning, ISSN 0348-6133, E-ISSN 2002-3871, Vol. 128, p. 389-393Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 8.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet.
    Cinematic shots and cuts: on the ethics and semiotics of real violence in film fiction2011In: Journal of Aesthetics and Culture, ISSN 2000-4214, E-ISSN 2000-4214, Vol. 3, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article I discuss a few ethical and semiotic problemsrelated to reality’s ability to actually take place within, andbreak through, fictional representations. I am particularlyconcerned with the presence of material bodies in theperforming arts. I consider Hideshi Hino’s Flower of Fleshand Blood (Ginıˆ piggu 2: Chiniku no hana, 1985) as aninitial example of purely fictional film violence. From abrief presentation of traditional theatre semiotics and theconcept of a fictive stance, I then discuss two specific filmswhere the body of the actor functions not only as thecarrier of symbolical meaning but also as an indexicalreference to a factual situation: John Waters’ Pink Flamingos(1972) and Ruggero Deodato’s Cannibal Holocaust(1980). My main interest lies in the occurrence of realviolence, and particularly animal killings, in exploitationcinema. By considering directors’ own statements on thematter, I suggest that such violence can not simply bedismissed as ethically flawed; rather, it carries a potentialcritique of the ideology of meat as pure commodity.

  • 9.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Den svarta solens modaliteter: Burzum, Bataille och JVVF-forskningen2019In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, Vol. 50, no 2-3, p. 57-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Literary studies often encounter writers whose output includes both literature and propaganda. The response may be to avoid ideologically tainted writers, or to separate the work from its creator. I rather seek to explore how various forms of expression relate to each other in the work of an artist who is active both as a fascist propagandist, ideologue and musician: Varg Vikernes, the individual behind Burzum.

    I take Bataille’s solar economy as my theoretical framework and situate myself within a field of studies that is attracted to fascist culture without adhering to a fascist ideology. First, I sketch out the relationship between fascism, literature and the marketplace of ideas. Then, I explore the relationship between the politics of Vikernes and the music of Burzum with a particular focus on Reflections on European Mythology and Polytheism (2015) and Belus (2010). I conclude that while both express the creator’s worldview, they also demonstrate how this worldview may be channeled into very different outputs.

  • 10.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Dödsporr: Etik, estetik, våld2016Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I Dödsporr. Etik, estetik, våld undersöks konstens förhållande till etiken. Det som vanligtvis äcklar människan, om det är en tungspets mot en liten flickas ögonglob, en ko som förtär en blodig människomassa eller en binnikemasks förvandling till en maskros. Eller bara en skymt av rödbrunt armhålehår på tunnelbanan. Dessa för många stötande bilder vänds uppochner och vrids ut och in i denna vetenskaplig undersökning av konstens och estetikens relation till etik och våld. Här avhandlas våldsamma föreställningar ur vårt kollektiva omedvetna så som de manifesterat sig i skönlitteratur och självbiografi, spelfilm och porrfilm, dataspel och dödsmetall. Framförallt demonstreras hur de gestaltningar vi är snarast att avfärda som omoraliska i själva verket är de som tar våldets problem på allvar. Därför kommer konsten, genom dess autonomi, att visa sig intervenera i vår tids allra ömmaste smärtpunkter: miljöförstöring, industrialiserad djurhållning, det patriarkala våldet. Erik van Ooijen är litteraturvetare verksam vid Kulturvetenskapliga forskargruppen, Karlstads universitet.

  • 11.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Eugene Thacker och världen-utan-oss2018In: Aiolos, ISSN 1400-7770, no 60-61, p. 215-225Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 12.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Giving Life Harmoniously: Animal Inversion in Cattle Decapitation2015In: Helvete: A Journal of Black Metal Theory, ISSN 2326-683X, Vol. 2, p. 73-92Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet.
    Guds hand i Strindbergs historiedramatik: Björn Sundberg, »Om Du vill lära känna det osynliga …»: Anteckningar till Strindbergs sena historiedramatik, Skellefteå: Norma 2011, 288 s.2013In: Edda. Nordisk tidsskrift for litteraturforskning, ISSN 0013-0818, E-ISSN 1500-1989, no 1, p. 71-75Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 14.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Humaniora i antropocens tidsålder2019Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 15.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Hunting, Killing, Crafting: On the Use of Animals in Open World Games2019In: Human IT, ISSN 1402-1501, E-ISSN 1402-151X, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 26-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article focuses on how violence against animals is represented in video games. Instead of studying the most outrageous visual representations, howev-er, it focuses on the less conspicuous aspects of animal violence manifested in the hunting mechanics of open world games. Taking a rhetorical approach, it considers the ideological functions implied by the procedural gameplay of the hunting element. The article addresses four main topics: how games represent the relationship between hunting, killing and crafting; construct implicit distinctions between human and non-human animals; separate species into juridical and ethical categories associated with different values; and deal with the algorithmic nature of representations of wildlife and extinction. Among the games discussed are Rockstar’s Red Dead Redemption (2010), and Ubisoft’s Assassin’s Creed III (2012) and Far Cry 3 (2012).

  • 16.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Hålets imperativ2017In: Aiolos: Tidskrift för litteratur, teori och estetik, ISSN 1400-7770, no 59, p. 42-49Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet.
    Ian Bogost, How to Do Things with Videogames2013In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, no 1, p. 115-118Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 18.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Inledande anteckningar om själarnas indelning2018In: Aiolos, ISSN 1400-7770, Vol. 62, p. 9-14Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Introduktion till den svarta ekologin2017In: Aiolos. Tidskrift för litteratur, teori och estetik, ISSN 1400-7770, Vol. 56, p. 83-89Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 20.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet.
    Jørgen Veisland, Drama and repetition: time in selected plays by Henrik Ibsen, Bertolt Brecht and Samuel Beckett2010In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, no 3-4, p. 193-196Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 21.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Making mythopoeic meaning out of plants2019In: Cogent Arts and Humanities, E-ISSN 2331-1983, Vol. 6, no 1, article id 1687256Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article discusses literary and scientific discourse in relation to plant cognition. I argue that one purpose of literature is to let humans make meaning out of their environment. My focus is not on literature as fiction, or any a priori faculty of counterfactual construction. Rather, I consider literature as the inspired response to external phenomena. In this aspect, literature springs from outside; and this it shares with scientific explanation. But where science lays bare the mechanical laws of the universe, literature operates with compelling narratives of individual wills. I further suggest that the literary mode is specifically suited for envisioning non-human life. Poetic thought is considered as a mode of human cognition that, by suspending the distance between human and world, allows us to think modes of non-human cognition. In literature, we are able to represent those affects we share with other forms of biological life. My focus is on two literary representations of plant life and the blending of life forms in stories where people turn into plants. I start by considering how a few botanists have taken the literary mode as a negative point of departure for their attempts to explain plant behavior. Then, I muster two theoretical accounts in order to read two such stories. Henri and Henriette Frankfort’s description of mythopoeic thought is used as the starting point for an interpretation of Ovid’s take on the myth of Echo and Narcissus; and Roger Caillois’ “comparative biology” for a reading of Johan Borgen’s short story “Kaprifolium”.

  • 22.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet.
    Notes on the Conceptualization of Style as Embodied Idiolect in French Structuralism2012In: Disputable Core Concepts of Narrative Theory / [ed] Göran Rossholm,Christer Johansson, Bern: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2012, p. 269-278Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet, Avdelningen för litteraturvetenskap.
    Ogling Lo: For an Erotics of Literary Description2011In: myops - Berichte aus der Welt des Rechts, ISSN 1865-2301, E-ISSN 1911-8422, Vol. V, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet.
    Ogräset i vetet: Om Svarta handsken, kammarspelen och Strindbergs författarskap2011In: Strindbergiana / [ed] Anna Cavallin, David Gedin, Per Stam, Stockholm: Bokförlaget Atlantis, 2011, p. 143-156Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet.
    Om stilen och konstens avhumanisering2015In: Floret, no 5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Kan vi tänka oss en konsthistoria som inte begränsar sig till mänskliga uttrycksformer? Litteraturvetaren Erik Van Ooijen tar oss med på en estetisk exkurs bland strimmiga tulpaner och uttrycksfulla träd.

  • 26.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    On the Brink of Virtual Extinction: Hunting and Killing Animals in Open World Video Games2018In: Eludamos - Journal for Computer Game Culture, ISSN 1866-6124, E-ISSN 1866-6124, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 33-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article focuses on the underlying structures evaluating acts of violence against different bodies in games. Taking the hunting mechanics of open-world games as its point of discussion, it looks at how game design manifests procedural arguments on the ideological aspects of animal violence.

    Whereas there are instances of explicit violence in these games, the article argues that the explicitness of such depictions serves to emphasize the “messiness” of producing animal goods, thus impeding the “carnist” ideological view of meat as pure commodity. By considering how games distinguish humans from animals, it looks at what violent acts are rendered acceptable or unacceptable, and notes distinctions between what bodies are protected by, or exempt from, moral and legal rights.

    Finally, the article considers how the algorithmic nature of spawning makes digital animals immune to extinction. Interestingly enough, the article nevertheless notices how a game may intentionally diverge from this logic in order to defamiliarize its established logic.

    Among the games discussed are Rockstar’s Red Dead Redemption (2010), and Ubisoft’s Assassin’s Creed III (2012) and Far Cry 3 (2012).

  • 27.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Ordet och köttet: om teorin kring litterära karaktärer [red. Lars-Åke Skalin) och Berättaren: en gäckande röst i texten [red. Lars-Åke Skalin]2004In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, Vol. 33, no 3-4, p. 218-223Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 28.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet.
    Pornografins ansikten: Våld och intimitet som representationell strategi2014In: Våldsamma fantasier: Studier i fiktionsvåldets funktion och attraktion / [ed] Magnus Ullén, Karlstad: Karlstads universitet , 2014, p. 135-166Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Projects and projections: on focus and perspective in drama2009In: Borderliners: searching the boundaries of narrativity and narratology / [ed] Per Krogh Hansen, Copenhagen: Medusa , 2009, p. 219-237Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The article examines the concept of focus and perspective in drama, a genre traditionally uncared for by narrative theory. The topic is treated in a twofold manner. The first part of the paper discusses examples from classical, fin de siècle and modernist dramatic texts using subjectivity on the discursive level, as representational projections of figural perception and consciousness. The second part treats subjectivity on the structural level of narrative projects. By revising the Greimasian actantial model the author tries to define dramatic narrative in terms of power, as the dialectic between hierarchical relations of centrality and marginality, something which becomes manifest in the genre’s conventional list of dramatis personae.

  • 30.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Recension av Anna Cavallin: Hushållspolitik, konsumtion, kön och uppfostran i August Strindbergs Giftas2017In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, Vol. 47, no 3-4, p. 151-156Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 31.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Recension av: Torsten Pettersson (red.), Jag gör med dig vad jag vill: Perspektiv på våld och våldsskildringar, Göteborg: Makadam, 20192019In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, Vol. 49, no 4, p. 113-117Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 32.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Regio Alpina Sterilis: Sten Selander i fjällen2018In: Norrlandslitteratur: Ekokritiska perspektiv / [ed] Peter Degerman, Anders E. Johansson & Anders Öhman, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2018, p. 70-93Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Sjöpungsmissbruket2018In: Aiolos, ISSN 1400-7770, Vol. 62, p. 109-119Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Om August Strindbergs idé att växter evolutionärt utvecklats ur djuren, med fokus på sjöpungens idéhistoria från antik tid till idag.

  • 34.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Skogens öron, vattnets ögon2017In: Aiolos. Tidskrift för litteratur, teori och estetik, ISSN 1400-7770, no 56, p. 145-154Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 35.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Strange meat2017In: Ny tid, ISSN 1456-0518, no 6-7, p. 80-85Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det mest oroande hos människoätare som Jeffrey Dahmer och Ed Gein är kanske att de upphäver själva den gränsdragning mellan människa och djur som ligger till grund för den human-kapitalistiska moralen, konstaterar Erik van Ooijen i en utforskning av kannibalism i populärkulturen, filosofin och närhistorien.

  • 36.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Strindberg before annihilation: Reading the Chamber Plays as dramatic texts2017In: TijdSchrift voor Skandinavistiek, ISSN 0168-2148, E-ISSN 1875-9505, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 48-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Literary scholars are sometimes reprimanded for reading plays as literary texts rather thantexts intended for the stage. To avoid a purely textual approach, it is often argued that youshould always “visualize” the action as if it took place on the “theater of the mind”. In thisarticle, I suggest that such a hermeneutics of “mind-staging” is misleading. Referencingtheater semiotics and the phenomenological theory of reading of Wolfgang Iser, I argue thatsuch a practice will close the radical openness of the dramatic text, by eliminating its definingindeterminacies. If performance “annihilates” the text by becoming a theatrical event (assuggested by theater semiotics), this will, nevertheless, result in a view of the text aspreceding and enduring outside of performance. Thus, the argument from theater semioticswill also come to motivate a purely textual approach to the play as a literary work.The argument is illustrated with examples from the Chamber Plays of AugustStrindberg. Building on scholars noting his “carelessness” as a playwright, I argue that areading trying to visualize the action will encounter several hermeneutical pseudo-problemsrelevant to the producer of the play but irrelevant to the reader. My first example concerns thesequential distribution of the setting in The Pelican: whereas the reader will experience itsspace as a desolate wasteland (fitting to the theme of the play), the producer, forced tovisualize it all at once, will rather experience it as cluttered. My second example concerns thestrange dialogue in The Ghost Sonata: whereas the literary reader may settle with an analyticdescription of its weird poetics, the producer must try to make new meaningful coherency outof this very weirdness. The third example regards an authorial mistake in The Storm, whichbecomes a puzzle the producer must solve, although it remains unsolvable for the reader.

  • 37.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Svart ekologi2017In: Aiolos, ISSN 1400-7770, Vol. 56, p. 83-90Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 38.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    The affluence of literature2008In: Narrativity, fictionality, and literariness: the narrative turn and the study of literary fiction / [ed] Lars-Åke Skalin, Örebro: Örebro university , 2008, p. 113-129Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The Dark Turn2019In: Perspectives on Ecocriticism: Local Beginnings, Global Echoes / [ed] Ingemar Haag, Karin Molander Danielsson, Marie Öhman, Thorsten Päplow, Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2019, p. 101-112Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Explores the "dark turn" in contemporary eco-theory through the shades of dark green, dark, and black ecology.

  • 40.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    The Killability of Fish in The Sims 3: Pets and Stardew Valley2018In: The Computer Games Journal, ISSN 2052-773X, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article considers video games as procedural arguments on the killability and nonkillability of nonhuman animal species, especially marine animals. It focuses on what acts of violence are made possible in games, and against whom. It argues that shifting the critical perspective from killing to killability allows us to study the implicit violence found in “nonviolent” or “friendly” games that usually garner little controversy. Two games that both set out to avoid animal violence, and even promote animal care, are studied: Maxis’ The Sims 3: Pets (2011) and ConcernedApe’s Stardew Valley (2016). The study considers how these games construct a hierarchy of classes of animals that are either included in, or excluded from, the realm of moral concern. Thus, the games are seen as models of how similar hierarchies are created in the real world of so-called “meat culture”. Most significantly, the study demonstrates how fish is a prime example of a class of animals that is removed from the realm of moral concern, even in supposedly ethical and animal-friendly games.

  • 41.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The mold of writing: style and structure in Strindberg's chamber plays2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis examines the five plays published by August Strindberg under the label of Chamber Plays: Stormy Weather, The Burned Lot, The Ghost Sonata, The Pelican (all 1907), and The Black Glove (1909). It takes its point of departure in a particular aspect of Strindberg’s way of writing as he actually describes it himself: during the act of deliberate composing, a productive fever tends to emerge bringing an element of chance to the work. The thesis defines the effect produced by this “fever” as the tension generated between, on the one hand, structure or form, and, on the other hand, style or writing. These concepts are associated with a tradition, primarily in French literary theory, which pays attention to what is described as a friction between the general linguistic aspect of literature (genres, recurring and recognizable patterns) and the individual aspect (the peculiar and idiosyncratic style of an author embodied in his material habitus). Thus the ambiguity found in the thesis’ title: the “mold” alludes partly to the stereotypes or matrices of language, partly to the “fungi” that, according to Strindberg, could be considered an adequate image for writing; the poetic work, says Strindberg, grows like mold from the author’s brain.

    Theoretical questions, primarily of a formal and interpretational nature, are continuously discussed since one of the main points is that the Strindbergian way of writing restricts what kind of interpretation may be given his works. The eventual contrast between form and interpretation is, furthermore, related to a general theme developed throughout the Chamber Plays concerning the meaning of life.

    It is stressed that the five plays show distinct formal and thematic differences; thus, a separate chapter is dedicated to each of them. The chapter on Stormy Weather examines the structural use of focus and the hierarchy of character-functions related to the centering on a protagonist. The Burned Lot is discussed from the concept of a ruin to describe how a multitude of conflicting forms come together to produce a fragmentary result. The Ghost Sonata is described in terms of simulation: while Strindberg alludes to certain dramatic patterns, he also distorts them whereby new effects are created. The chapter on The Pelican explores the temporal flow of the play and how it relates to writing. The thesis ends with a discussion of The Black Glove and its relation to the preceding Chamber Plays and also to the Strindbergian oeuvre. The concept of weed is used to distinguish a recurring element in Strindberg’s work as well as in his worldview.

    Throughout the thesis, the discussion is consistently related to previous studies and commentaries on the plays.

  • 42.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Tre kroppsöppningar i den erotiska begärsekonomin2018In: Tydningen, ISSN 2001-4570, no 27-28, p. 64-72Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 43.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet, Avdelningen för litteraturvetenskap.
    Vi, den geologiska kraften2015In: Ny Tid, ISSN 1456-0518, no 6-7, p. 70-74Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 44.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Växternas förstånd2018In: Strindbergiana, ISSN 0282-8006, Vol. 33, p. 85-99Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Om Strindberg som föregångare till modern växtfilosofi

  • 45.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Växtsjälen2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Temanummer ägnat åt den filosofiska idén om "växtsjälen", från antik tid till modern växtneurobiologi.

  • 46.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet.
    Ädelrötan: Strindberg och slarvet2014In: Strindbergiana / [ed] Per Stam,David Gedin,Anna Cavallin, Stockholm: Bokförlaget Atlantis, 2014, p. 109--120Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 47.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013). Örebro universitet.
    Wikström, Peter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Post-authentic digitalism in cloud rap2018Conference paper (Other academic)
1 - 47 of 47
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