We characterize the all weighted greedy algorithms with respect to Franklin system which converge uniformly for continuous functions and almost everywhere for integrable functions. In case, when the algorithm fails to satisfy our classification criteria, we construct a continuous function for which the corresponding approximation diverges unboundedly almost everywhere. Some applications to wavelet systems are also discussed.

2.

Aleksanyan, Hayk

KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematics (Div.). University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

We introduce a new constructive method for establishing lower bounds on convergence rates of periodic homogenization problems associated with divergence-type elliptic operators. The construction is applied in two settings. First, we show that solutions to boundary layer problems for divergence-type elliptic equations set in halfspaces and with in finitely smooth data may converge to their corresponding boundary layer tails as slowly as one wishes depending on the position of the hyperplane. Second, we construct a Dirichlet problem for divergence-type elliptic operators set in a bounded domain, and with all data being C-infinity-smooth, for which the boundary value homogenization holds with arbitrarily slow speed.

KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematics (Div.).

Shahgholian, Henrik

KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematics (Div.).

Discrete balayage and boundary sandpile2019In: Journal d'Analyse Mathematique, ISSN 0021-7670, E-ISSN 1565-8538, Vol. 138, no 1, p. 361-403Article in journal (Refereed)

Abstract [en]

We introduce a new lattice growth model, which we call the boundary sandpile. The model amounts to potential-theoretic redistribution of a given initial mass on Z(d) (d >= 2) onto the boundary of an (a priori) unknown domain. The latter evolves through sandpile dynamics, and has the property that the mass on the boundary is forced to stay below a prescribed threshold. Since finding the domain is part of the problem, the redistribution process is a discrete model of a free boundary problem, whose continuum limit is yet to be understood. We prove general results concerning our model. These include canonical representation of the model in terms of the smallest super-solution among a certain class of functions, uniform Lipschitz regularity of the scaled odometer function, and hence the convergence of a subsequence of the odometer and the visited sites, discrete symmetry properties, as well as directional monotonicity of the odometer function. The latter (in part) implies the Lipschitz regularity of the free boundary of the sandpile.

As a direct application of some of the methods developed in this paper, combined with earlier results on the classical abelian sandpile, we show that the boundary of the scaling limit of an abelian sandpile is locally a Lipschitz graph.

The main purpose of the present paper is to establish a link between quadrature surfaces (potential theoretic concept) and sandpile dynamics (Laplacian growth models). For this aim, we introduce a new model of Laplacian growth on the lattice DOUBLE-STRUCK CAPITAL Zd (d >= 2) which continuously deforms occupied regions of the divisible sandpile model of Levine and Peres (J. Anal. Math. 111(1), 151-219 2010), by redistributing the total mass of the system onto 1/m-sub-level sets of the odometer which is a function counting total emissions of mass from lattice vertices. In free boundary terminology this goes in parallel with singular perturbation, which is known to converge to a Bernoulli type free boundary. We prove that models, generated from a single source, have a scaling limit, if the threshold m is fixed. Moreover, this limit is a ball, and the entire mass of the system is being redistributed onto an annular ring of thickness 1/m. By compactness argument we show that when m tends to infinity sufficiently slowly with respect to the scale of the model, then in this case also there is scaling limit which is a ball, with the mass of the system being uniformly distributed onto the boundary of that ball, and hence we recover a quadrature surface in this case. Depending on the speed of decay of 1/m, the visited set of the sandpile interpolates between spherical and polygonal shapes. Finding a precise characterisation of this shape-transition phenomenon seems to be a considerable challenge, which we cannot address at this moment.