Digitala Vetenskapliga Arkivet

Change search
Refine search result
1 - 6 of 6
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Linder, Astrid
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Traffic Safety and Traffic System.
    Svedberg, Wanna
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Environment.
    Occupant safety assessment in European regulatory tests: review of occupant models, gaps and suggestion for bridging any gaps2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are two parts to the aim of this study. The first part was to review how adult men and women are represented in regulatory tests conducted to assess adult occupant safety in vehicles. Based on the results of the review an outline for how to better represent the adult population in regulatory tests was suggested. The second part of the aim, described as emancipatory knowledge of interest, included highlighting the values declared in the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (hereinafter referred as "the Treaties"). This means that the purpose of the knowledge is to recognize the legal values of equality between women and men, as well as non-discrimination on which the Union is founded, article 2 of the Treaty on European Union. as expressed in the above-mentioned Treaties. In addition to that to contribute to women's and men's liberation and to the development of society.

  • 2.
    Linder, Astrid
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Traffic Safety and Traffic System.
    Svedberg, Wanna
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Environment.
    Review of average sized male and female occupant models in European regulatory safety assessment tests and European laws: Gaps and bridging suggestions2019In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 127, p. 156-162Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are two parts to the aim of this study. The first part comprised reviewing how men and women are represented in regulatory tests conducted to assess adult occupant safety in vehicles in Europe. This part also contains an overview of some differences between females and males that may influence dynamic responses in a crash. Based on the results of the review an outline for how to better represent the adult population in regulatory tests has been suggested. The second part was to reflect on these issues from a specific critical legal perspective, that is from a Gender Legal Studies point of view, focusing on the European legal framework that governs the tests of adult occupant safety in vehicles in Europe. Since the beginning of the 1970s legal scholars have shown in several areas of law that there is a gap between superior legislation and practice, but also between gender equality as a superior legal principle and subordinate legal rules that govern safety requirements. The same pattern can be discerned in the area of Transportation Law.

    The results of the review of the ECE regulations shows that the average sized male represents the adult population and that the average sized female has been excluded from regulations assessing the protection of adult vehicle occupants. The fundamental values, on which the Union is founded, including the overarching goals of the Union, seem to be rendered invisible in the laws and critically impact the safety of women in everyday life. According to the gender system theory, the interests and priorities of men are continuing to shape the law. Consequently, the law neglecting the safety of women on roads has implications on the development of society. The lack of legal provisions that demand female crash test dummies representing the female part of the population, means that there is no incentive for car manufacturers, authorities or other stakeholders to develop test methods and female crash test dummies in ways that promote political objectives expressed in legal form, i.e., the legal values expressed in general provisions and principles stated in the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, such as gender equality between women and men as well as non-discrimination This study highlights the undeniable gap between the legal framework and legal requirements with regard to occupant safety for the whole adult population. It would be attainable to bridge this particular gender gap by providing equal representation for the female part of the population with regard to vehicle safety, as that males benefit from.

  • 3.
    Niska, Anna
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Infrastructure, Infrastructure maintenance.
    Henriksson, Malin
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Anund, Anna
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human Factors in the Transport System.
    Eriksson, Jenny
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Traffic Safety and Traffic System.
    Ihlström, Jonas
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human Factors in the Transport System.
    Svedberg, Wanna
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Environment.
    Wallén Warner, Henriette
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Wehtje, Philip
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics.
    Cykling bland barn och unga: en kunskapssammanställning2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Cycling among children and young adults has decreased, resulting in negative effects on their health and independent mobility. The Swedish government has commissioned VTI to review and compile knowledge on plausible reasons, based on literature reviews, contacts with relevant players and analyses of travel surveys and accident statistics. The statistics showed that the number of individuals who cycle has decreased, whereas the cycled distance remains unchanged. Above all, recreational cycling among children and young adults has decreased, which could be explained by longer distances to recreational activities, more parents working full-time and children’s everyday lives having become more institutionalised. Cycling to school has also decreased. Among other things, families being able to choose what school the children attend has resulted in greater distances between the home and the school. Other reasons include households owning more cars, changes in the way children play and communicate, and inadequate actual and perceived safety conditions along cycle lanes combined with parents’ perceptions of their children’s highway skills. Cycling has been partially replaced by car journeys, but mainly by walking and use of public transport. Cycling has decreased the most among older children. As they have primarily replaced cycling by public transport, one explanation could be that more of them are offered free bus passes. There is a great commitment and competency among various players regarding cycling among children and young adults. However, there is a great need for better coordination and for actions and measures taken to be systematically evaluated.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 4.
    Svedberg, Wanna
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Environment.
    Born to Drive: Rättslig belysning för automatiserad logistik ”från lager till uppställningsplats för vidare sjö-, väg- eller järnvägstransport” (AP6)2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie belyser översiktligt rättsliga hinder och möjligheter att realisera rangering av självkörande fordon ”från lager till uppställningsplats för vidare sjö-, väg- eller järnvägstransport” på kort och lång sikt. Undersökningen utgår metodologiskt från en abstrakt tankeram: de lege lata och de lege ferenda, där den juridiska innebörden förenklat kan beskrivas som ”vad lagen är” i förhållande till ”vad lagen borde vara” (eller den lag som man vill se i framtiden). Den rättsliga analysen visar att en oklar rättsfråga är fråga om vilket regelverk som ska tillämpas på företeelsen i allmänhet och på ifrågavarande ”fordon” i synnerhet. Ett annat sätt att uttrycka saken är om aktuella ”fordon” ska betraktas som ett fordon eller som en maskin. 

    Genom att synliggöra ett urval bestämmelser som visar på lagstiftningens tillkortakommanden i förhållande till aktuell teknologi kan det konstateras att det för närvarande saknas ett rättsligt regelverk som stöder en automatiserad logistik. Mot bakgrund av lagstiftningens tillkortakommanden presenteras i studien alternativa och tillfälliga rättsliga ”lösningar” för automatiserad logistik, t.ex. tankeexperimentet om aktuella fordon som ”virtuella AGVer”, tillämpning av förordning (2017:309) om försöksverksamhet med självkörande och enligt förslag på rättslig konstruktion som lämnats i forskarrapporten, En rättslig konstruktion för straffrättsligt ansvar gällande självkörande fordon – Forskarrapport till Utredningen om självkörande fordon på väg (Svedberg 2017). 

    I studien påtalas även vikten av regelförändringar i den internationella rätten som reglerar frågor av karaktären vem som bär risken vid olika delar under transporten, kostnader för frakt, tull m.m. Beroende på transportslag d.v.s. om aktuella fordon är tänkta att transporteras vidare via sjö-, väg- eller järnvägstransport är olika konventioner tillämpliga och ovanstående frågor behöver således beaktas i t.ex. fraktavtal. Det innebär att automatiserad logistik understöds av den internationella rätten som tar hänsyn till utvecklingen av automation inom andra trafikslag, däribland sjöfarten. Autonoma farkoster eller fartyg regleras för närvarande inte i den internationella rätten vilket innebär att en automatiserad logistik av självkörande fordon fordrar en nationell och ett internationellt regelverk som understödjer och inkluderar en bredare rättslig förståelse av ”automatiserad logistik”, där denna inte endast avser att det gods/material liksom övervakning och förflyttning av densamma till en given uppställningsplats är automatiserad, utan att ”automatiserad logistik” förstås i dess full räckvidd.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 5.
    Svedberg, Wanna
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Environment.
    En rättslig konstruktion för straffrättsligt ansvar gällande självkörande fordon: forskarrapport till Utredningen om självkörande fordon på väg2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie utgör ett resultat av det utredningsuppdrag som lämnats av Utredningen om självkörande fordon på väg till Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut. Utredningsuppdraget har bl.a. bestått i (1) att inventera aktuellt regelverk utifrån dagens regelverk om förarens ansvar sett ur ett straffrättsligt perspektiv ställt i relation till ett framtida regelverk om självkörande fordon, (2) analysera behovet av sanktionsväxling från en straffrättslig påföljd till en administrativ påföljd när det gäller ansvar för överträdelser av självkörande fordon samt (3) att analysera hur en framtida brottslighet kan ta sig uttryck i förhållande till självkörande fordon.

    Rapportens syfte är att utveckla en rättslig konstruktion för straffrättsligt ansvar gällande nivå 4 och 5 fordon på allmän väg i kollektivtrafik, i privattrafik och i yrkestrafik för en trafiksäker introduktion av dessa inom en inte alltför avlägsen framtid. Den rättsliga konstruktionen för straffrättsligt ansvar gällande dessa fordon kommer föga innovativt att benämnas som WS-ansvarsmodell. Det huvudsakliga skälet till en särskild benämning är att undvika förväxlingar med andra förkortningar, tekniker, system, plattformar etc. Sådana förekommer framförallt i kapitel två.

    I syftet ingår att i ett vidare perspektiv undersöka om, och i så fall hur en rättslig infrastruktur för ett långsiktigt hållbart och trafiksäkert transportsystem skulle kunna se ut i ett såväl kort som långsiktigt perspektiv. Rättslig infrastruktur definieras här som det eller de regelverk som omgärdar en viss typ av verksamhet och för dess verksamhet grundläggande rättsliga relationer. Förhoppningen är att rapporten kan ligga till grund för skapandet av en ny näring, infrastrukturnäringen. Termen används som en sammanfattande term och omfattar inte endast fysiska objekt, utan även offentligrättsliga och privaträttsliga aktörer på transportområdet samt det digitala nätverket. Min tolkning av utredningsuppdraget utgår från i huvudsak två skäl, vilka sammantaget har format det ovan beskrivna syftet.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 6.
    Svedberg, Wanna
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport.
    Nya och gamla perspektiv på ansvar?: en rättsvetenskaplig studie om ansvar i en straffrättslig kontext gällande självkörande/uppkopplade fordon2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this report is to analyse the legal prerequisites for liability under criminal law regarding self-driving vehicles. This includes making visible and problematize legal constructions of responsibility in Criminal Law, and its concepts and principles that follow in relation to the knowledge developed within the field of Artificial Intelligence.

    The overall question, which focuses on the Swedish Penal Code, is how criminal liability is constructed in law and if these constructions are compatible with the development of self-driving vehicles technologies. The sub question is what or which elements constitute legal responsibility and accountability under the Road Traffic Offences Act. The project aims to contribute to a deeper understanding of the law, the power that Law exercises, and its role and function in society, but also how technology impacts on the content of Law. The theoretical inspiration has been derived mainly from legal theories that give attention to and elucidate the relationship between Law and Society, and in addition, theories and perspectives of Criminal Law. The study uses traditional legal methods developed in jurisprudence; this means applying legal sources such as preparatory works and Jurisprudence literature in the interpretation of legal provisions.

    The analysis shows that self-driving vehicles technologies are challenging Law in many ways inter alia the concept of “legal subject”. Furthermore, it reveals that general provisions as well as concepts and principles in the Swedish Penal Code and the Constitutional Law are not well adapted to the technology in question. The concept “legal subject” is based on an image of a human as an autonomous being. As such, she has the ability of good judgment and is wise and insightful. She is also assumed to be free to make her own decisions without being subordinate to others. In a broader perspective the Law defines what it is like to be a human being. In contrary, robot’s autonomy is determined where a human is situated in the "decision-loop". This study argues that the time is ripe to seriously discuss the concept "legal autonomy" particularly in relation to self-driving vehicles since the technology involved is challenging the very foundation of Law. Furthermore, that the legal concept autonomy should instead be understood as a relational concept since this approach embraces the relationship between the physical driver and the automated system of the self-driving vehicle.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
1 - 6 of 6
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf