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  • 1.
    Almström, Peter
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Andersson, Carin
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Ericsson Öberg, Anna
    Volvo Construction Equipment AB, Sweden.
    Hammersberg, Peter
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Kurdve, Martin
    Swerea IVF AB, Sweden.
    Landström, Anna
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Shahbazi, Sasha
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Windmark, Christina
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Winroth, Mats
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Zackrisson, Mats
    Swerea IVF, Sweden.
    Sustainable and Resource Efficient Business Performance Measurement Systems - The Handbook2017Report (Other academic)
  • 2. Almström, Peter
    et al.
    Andersson, Carin
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Ericsson Öberg, Anna
    Hammersberg, Peter
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Landström, Anna
    Shahbazi, Sasha
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Windmark, Christina
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Winroth, Mats
    Zackrisson, Mats
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Sustainable and Resource Efficient Business Performance Measurement Systems: - The Handbook2017Report (Other academic)
  • 3. Almström, Peter
    et al.
    Andersson, Carin
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Ericsson Öberg, Anna
    Hammersberg, Peter
    Kurdve, Martin
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Landström, Anna
    Shahbazi, Sasha
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Windmark, Christina
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Winroth, Mats
    Zackrisson, Mats
    Swerea IVF, Sweden.
    Sustainable and Resource Efficient Business Performance Measurement Systems - The Handbook2017Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 4.
    Bellgran, Monica
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Höckerdal, Karin
    Kurdve, Martin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Green Performance Map: Handbok2012Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna handbok beskriver en enkel metod som kan användas av alla typer av teknikföretag som vill minska sin miljöbelastning från produktion. Metoden som presenteras i handboken kallas ”Green Performance Map” eller GPM-metoden. Den har utvecklats i forskningsprojektet ”Green production systems” som finansierats av VINNOVA:s program för Fordonsstrategisk forskning och innovation (FFI) under 2009-2012. Metoden är uppbyggd i olika aktivitetssteg: 0) Förberedelse 1) Identifiering av miljöaspekter 2) Prioritering av miljöaspekter 3) Handlingsplan 4) Implementering 5) Utvärdering av resultatet. Miljöaspekterna visualiseras i en input/outputmodell där processen man jobbar med delas in i fyra input-kategorier; värdeadderande material, tillsatsmaterial, energi och vatten, och fyra outputkategorier; produktiv output, restprodukter, utsläpp till luft/buller samt utsläpp till vatten/mark. Metoden gör det enkelt att visualisera miljöaspekterna på olika nivåer, antingen för hela företaget, ett produktionsavsnitt eller en specifik tillverkningsprocess. Grundtanken är att utgå från de miljöaspekter ett arbetslag kan påverka själv och få igång ett kontinuerligt förbättringsarbete som är bra för miljön samtidigt som det sparar pengar för företaget. Huvudsyftet med GPM-metoden är att inspirera företag att bredda engagemanget för miljöarbetet. Det behövs enkla verktyg för att stödja miljöförbättringsarbetet på alla nivåer i företaget på samma sätt som det idag finns en hel verktygslåda för införandet av Lean produktion. Många företag har idag redan en struktur för förbättringsarbete i produktionen. I dessa fall är det fördelaktigt att integrera även miljöförbättringsarbetet i den befintliga strukturen.

  • 5.
    Bellgran, Monica
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Höckerdal, Karin
    Kurdve, Martin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Green Performance Map: Handbok2012Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. Volvo Construction Equipment, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Kurdve, Martin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. Swerea IVF, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Machining Equipment Life Cycle Costing Model with Dynamic Maintenance Cost2016In: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 48, p. 102-107Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents how a Life cycle cost or Total cost of ownership analysis has been performed on machining equipment in a Swedish company. Life cycle cost models used in case studies are compared to an empirical model, used at the company, where dynamic energy, fluid, and maintenance cost are included. Linear and variable factors in the models are analyzed and discussed regarding data availability and estimation, especially with emphasis on maintenance. The life cycle cost aspect of the equipment give guidelines to consider operation, maintenance, tools, energy, and fluid cost in addition to acquisition cost, when designing/specifying the equipment.

  • 7.
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    et al.
    Volvo Construction Equipment, Sweden; Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Materials and Production, IVF. Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Machining Equipment Life Cycle Costing Model with Dynamic Maintenance Cost2016In: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 48, p. 102-107Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents how a Life cycle cost or Total cost of ownership analysis has been performed on machining equipment in a Swedish company. Life cycle cost models used in case studies are compared to an empirical model, used at the company, where dynamic energy, fluid, and maintenance cost are included. Linear and variable factors in the models are analyzed and discussed regarding data availability and estimation, especially with emphasis on maintenance. The life cycle cost aspect of the equipment give guidelines to consider operation, maintenance, tools, energy, and fluid cost in addition to acquisition cost, when designing/specifying the equipment.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 8.
    Birkie, Seyoum Eshetu
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Chavez, Zuhara Zemke
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Lindahl, Emma
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Bellgran, Monica
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Bohlin, Lotta
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Bohman, Mikael
    AstraZeneca, Sweden.
    Elvin, Malin
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Systematic Green Design in Production Equipment Investments: Conceptual Development and Outlook2023In: IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, ISSN 1868-4238, Vol. 692 AICT, p. 174-188Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the concept of green design in the context of production, focusing on investment projects for production equipment design and acquisition by a manufacturing firm. Research towards making manufacturing and production related activities more sustainable is increasing. In the manufacturing sector, environmental sustainability tends to be more commonly approached from the operations perspective. However, the decisions taken in the design phase of the production equipment significantly impact the operations phase. Therefore, proactive design approaches for sustainability applied in product design settings could be transferred to the design of the production equipment to build in green aspects from the outset. This study explores the research questions of what green production equipment design entails and how the concept of green design has evolved in the context of production. Overall, this conceptual paper highlights the importance of incorporating green design principles from the outset of the production design. Transferable methodological issues are also explored for further detailed investigation in the production equipment design context. Strong collaboration between equipment suppliers and the buying manufacturer that aims to integrate sustainability as part of requirements is proposed as an enabler for the way forward. The paper also provides insights into the evolution of the concept in this context for possible future research.

  • 9.
    Birkie, Seyoum Eshetu
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Korhonen, Jouni
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Implementation challenges affecting the environmental improvement performance in pharmaceutical production: Results of a green kaizen pilot2018In: IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, ISSN 1868-4238, Vol. 535, p. 58-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on working findings in an action research-based project, implementing a green kaizen pilot in a European pharmaceutical manufacturing company. The aim of the study is to investigate how continuous improvement initiatives with focus on environment originally developed for the automotive manufacturing industry could apply to the pharmaceutical industry. It also aspires to understand the enabling and hindering issues are for such implementation. There are considerable similarities of implementing lean in general in the two sectors, however, some key differences and challenges were apparent when implementing this specific green kaizen method called Green Performance Map. An implication for pharma practitioners implementing the green kaizen method concerns how to improve working procedures and production equipment to become more environmentally friendly amid high regulatory demands on process quality. Implementation challenges are discussed in terms of fidelity, locus and extensiveness of lean practices implementation. © 2018, IFIP International Federation for Information Processing.

  • 10.
    Bruch, Jessica
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Rösiö, Carin
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Utveckling av Robust Produktionsutrustning: En guide för god samverkan mellan beställare och leverantör2016Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Av dagens globala och allt hårdare konkurrens följer korta marknadsfönster och krav på snabb volym- uppgång i produktion. Det innebär i sin tur ökade krav på snabb och effektiv utveckling av produktions- utrustning som säkerställer hög prestanda direkt vid produktionsstart. Robust produktionsutrustning med hög produktionseffektivitet och minskade kostnader för drift och underhåll är därför en av de viktigaste faktorerna för stark konkurrenskraft och hög lönsamhet för svenska industriföretag. God samverkan mellan beställare och leverantör är nyckeln till framgång i denna typ av investerings- projekt. Denna handbok presenterar därför en modell som kan användas av tillverkande företag som vill utveckla robust produktionsutrustning. Modellen och övriga rekommendationer i handboken fokuserar på projekt som ska genomföras i stark samverkan och riktar sig till både beställaren och leverantören. Den har utvecklats i forskningsprojektet ”EQUIP – kund- och leverantörsintegration i utformning av produktionsutrustning” som finansierats av KK-stiftelsen under 2013-2016. Modellen består av sju utvecklingsfaser som är baser- ade på produktionsutrustnings livscykel: Fas 1 – Förstudie Fas 2 – Konceptstudie Fas 3 – Upphandling Fas 4 – Detaljerad utformning Fas 5 – Uppbyggnad Fas 6 – Installation och driftsättning Fas 7 – Produktion I varje fas presenteras kritiska aktivitetssteg och rekommendationer för hur ansvaret för dessa bör fördelas inom och emellan deltagande parter. Modellen använder ett livscykelperspektiv för utvecklingsprojekt för att underlätta samverkan samt tydligare visualisera sambandet mellan aktiviteter och deras påverkan på projektets framgång. Inom ramen för ett investeringsprojekt finns stor potential att utveckla hållbara produktionslösningar. Därför presenterar denna handbok även sju guider som kan stödja er i att ta fram produktionsutrustning som är säker, lean och hållbar under hela utrustningens livscykel. Huvudsyftet med handboken är att underlätta samverkan under hela investeringsprojektet på ett sätt som gagnar båda parter och bidrar till varaktiga relationer. Forskningsprojektets resultat visar att det finns ett stort intresse för främjad samverkan från både beställ- are och leverantör. Därför behövs stöd, verktyg och beredskap från båda parter för att våga investera tid och resurser på samverkan redan från början, i de tidiga faserna av ett nytt utvecklingsprojekt. Det är då potentialen att lägga grunden till långsiktig samverkan och utforma bästa möjliga produktionsutrustning på kortast möjliga tid är som störst.

  • 11.
    Bruch, Jessica
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Rösiö, Carin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Kurdve, Martin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Granlund, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Dahlquist, Erik
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.
    Swanström, Lennart
    Mälardalen University.
    Development of Robust Production Equipment: A guide to strong collaboration between users and suppliers2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The result of today’s global and increasingly tough competition is narrow market windows and a demand for quick volume increases in production. This in turn means increased demands for a rapid and effective development of production equipment that ensures high performance right at the start of production. Robust production equipment with a high level of production efficiency and reduced costs for operation and maintenance therefore make up one of the most important factors for strong competitiveness and high profitability for Swedish industrial enterprises. Strong collaboration between users and suppliers is the key to success in this type of investment project. This handbook therefore presents a model that can be used by manufacturing companies who want to develop robust production equipment. The model and the other recommendations of the handbook focus on projects that are to be carried out in strong collaboration and are targeted at both users and suppliers. The model has been deve-loped through “EQUIP – User-supplier integration in production equipment design”, which has received funding from the Knowledge Foundation 2013–2016. The model consists of seven development phases based on the production equipment life cycle: Phase 1 – Preliminary study Phase 2 – Concept study Phase 3 – Procurement Phase 4 – Detailed design Phase 5 – Construction Phase 6 – Installation and commissioning Phase 7 – Production In each phase, critical activity steps and recommendations are presented for how to distribute responsibility within and between the parties involved. The model adopts a life cycle perspective for development projects in order to facilitate collaboration and to more clearly visualise the link between activities and their impact on the project success. Within the scope of an investment project, there is a great potential for developing sustainable production solutions. For this reason, this handbook also presents seven guidelines that may provide you with support in developing production equipment that remains secure, lean and sustainable throughout the equipment life cycle. The main purpose of the handbook is to facilitate collaboration through the whole investment project in a way that benefits both parties and which contributes to lasting relationships. The results of the research project show that there is a great interest in improved collaboration from both users and suppliers. For this reason, support, tools and preparedness from both parties are required to venture into investing time and resources in collaboration from the beginning, in the early phases of a new development project. This is then the potential to lay the foundation for long-term collaboration and for designing the best possible production equipment in the shortest time possible.

  • 12.
    Bruch, Jessica
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation).
    Rösiö, Carin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation).
    Kurdve, Martin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation).
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation).
    Granlund, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation).
    Dahlquist, Erik
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.
    Swanström, Lennart
    Mälardalen University.
    Utveckling av Robust Produktionsutrustning: En guide för god samverkan mellan beställare och leverantör2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Av dagens globala och allt hårdare konkurrens följer korta marknadsfönster och krav på snabb volym- uppgång i produktion. Det innebär i sin tur ökade krav på snabb och effektiv utveckling av produktions- utrustning som säkerställer hög prestanda direkt vid produktionsstart. Robust produktionsutrustning med hög produktionseffektivitet och minskade kostnader för drift och underhåll är därför en av de viktigaste faktorerna för stark konkurrenskraft och hög lönsamhet för svenska industriföretag. God samverkan mellan beställare och leverantör är nyckeln till framgång i denna typ av investerings- projekt. Denna handbok presenterar därför en modell som kan användas av tillverkande företag som vill utveckla robust produktionsutrustning. Modellen och övriga rekommendationer i handboken fokuserar på projekt som ska genomföras i stark samverkan och riktar sig till både beställaren och leverantören. Den har utvecklats i forskningsprojektet ”EQUIP – kund- och leverantörsintegration i utformning av produktionsutrustning” som finansierats av KK-stiftelsen under 2013-2016. Modellen består av sju utvecklingsfaser som är baser- ade på produktionsutrustnings livscykel: Fas 1 – Förstudie Fas 2 – Konceptstudie Fas 3 – Upphandling Fas 4 – Detaljerad utformning Fas 5 – Uppbyggnad Fas 6 – Installation och driftsättning Fas 7 – Produktion I varje fas presenteras kritiska aktivitetssteg och rekommendationer för hur ansvaret för dessa bör fördelas inom och emellan deltagande parter. Modellen använder ett livscykelperspektiv för utvecklingsprojekt för att underlätta samverkan samt tydligare visualisera sambandet mellan aktiviteter och deras påverkan på projektets framgång. Inom ramen för ett investeringsprojekt finns stor potential att utveckla hållbara produktionslösningar. Därför presenterar denna handbok även sju guider som kan stödja er i att ta fram produktionsutrustning som är säker, lean och hållbar under hela utrustningens livscykel. Huvudsyftet med handboken är att underlätta samverkan under hela investeringsprojektet på ett sätt som gagnar båda parter och bidrar till varaktiga relationer. Forskningsprojektets resultat visar att det finns ett stort intresse för främjad samverkan från både beställ- are och leverantör. Därför behövs stöd, verktyg och beredskap från båda parter för att våga investera tid och resurser på samverkan redan från början, i de tidiga faserna av ett nytt utvecklingsprojekt. Det är då potentialen att lägga grunden till långsiktig samverkan och utforma bästa möjliga produktionsutrustning på kortast möjliga tid är som störst.

  • 13.
    Chavez, Z. Z.
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Arvidsson, A.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Hauge, J. B.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Bellgran, M.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Birkie, S. E.
    KTH, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Johnson, Patrik
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Kurdve, Martin
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    From Surviving to Thriving: Industry 5.0 at SMEs Enhancing Production Flexibility2023In: IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Volume 689 AICT, Pages 789 - 802, Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH , 2023, Vol. 689 AICT, p. 789-802Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores how human-centered digitalization can contribute to the flexibility and adaptability of small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) production processes, resulting in more resilient systems. This study explains the relationship between digital technologies and production system features through progressively more human-centric stages of a digitalized manufacturing system. The authors present a case study of an SME that implemented a human-centric strategy, placing people’s needs and interests at the center of its processes, leading to more flexible and inclusive production processes and consistent with the goals of Industry 5.0. The results suggest that a digitalized working method that considers human capabilities and needs can enable a more diverse workforce and the rapid setup of new and additional production processes, thus helping SMEs respond to supply chain disruptions. The findings have implications for managers and practitioners interested in driving or supporting the transition of SMEs to human-centric, resilient, and sustainable businesses. 

  • 14.
    Chen, Xiaoxia
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Johansson, Björn
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Despeisse, Melanie
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Enabling the twin transitions: Digital technologies support environmental sustainability through lean principles2023In: Sustainable Production and Consumption, ISSN 2352-5509, Vol. 38, p. 13-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Manufacturing companies seek innovative approaches to achieve successful Green and Digital transitions, where adopting lean production is one alternative. However, further investigation is required to formulate the strategy with practical inputs and identify what digital technologies could be applied with which lean principles for environmental benefits. Therefore, this study first conducted a case study in three companies to collect practice-based data. A complementary literature review was then carried out, investigating the existing frameworks and complementing practices of digitalized lean implementations and the resulting environmental impact. Consequently, the Internet of Things and related connection-level technologies were identified as the key facilitators in lean implementations, specifically in visualization, communication, and poka-yoke, leading to environmental benefits. Furthermore, a framework of DIgitalization Supports Environmental sustainability through Lean principles (DISEL) was proposed to help manufacturing companies identify the opportunities of digitalizing lean principles for Environmental sustainability, thus enabling the twin transitions and being resilient. © 2023 The Authors

  • 15.
    Fogelberg, Emmie
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, Virtual Engineering Research Environment.
    Kolbeinsson, Ari
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, Virtual Engineering Research Environment. Skövde University, Sweden.
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Mattsson, Sandra
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Salunkhe, Omkar
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Thorvald, Peter
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, Virtual Engineering Research Environment.
    Thuresson, Urban
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Current and best practices in information presentation2024Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization and automation in industry can have both positive and negative effects on social sustainability. On one hand it can be a basis for monotonous, uncreative, and even dangerous workplaces and in some cases might even result in people losing their work. On the other hand, it can be a base for ergonomically sound and inclusive work, engaging everyone in improvements. This project aims for moving the focus on positive effects for social sustainability while still staying cost efficient and effective in economic and ecologic sustainability for digitalization and automation of work instructions and training in manual operations like assembly, machine operation & setup, maintenance, and material handling. The Industry 4.0 paradigm offers radically increased opportunities for doing just that. For example, increased digitization can create efficiency improvements through shorter lead times and reduced disruptions to production. New generations of technology and software as well as information dissemination can be accelerated and the traceability of products and materials in the industrial systems can be greatly increased. Digitization also provides opportunities to increase industrial resilience to challenges coming from elsewhere, such as demographic change and climate threats. Advanced application of digitization is seen by industries and decision-makers as the most important enabler for achieving the strategic sustainability goals and Agenda2030. A crucial factor for competitiveness is the human contribution. Here too, digitalisation is radically changing the conditions. In the last 20 years, work instructions have been transformed from printed text on paper into an increasingly digital representation. As knowledge increases about how work instructions for the manufacturing industry should be designed, they are rarely designed according to user conditions. At best, this results in a missed opportunity for performance improvements and at worst, it could potentially result in quality deficiencies, efficiency deficiencies and a lower degree of inclusion of staff groups. Digitization and automation permeate both society and industry more and more and there are many different technologies on the market. These can contribute to both increased efficiency and flexibility for the industry. However, there are a lot of challenges to both implement, design, and use instructions. Studies conducted in industry 2014–2018 show that operators and assembly workers only use instructions in 20–25% of cases in the operational phase when they are perceived as inefficient (Fast-Berglund & Stahre, 2013; Mattsson et al., 2018). Of course, this also increases the risks of, for example, assembly errors by not using instructions to the extent that they should be used. The corporate culture and standards are also an important part of how instructions are created and used. Depending on the structure and condition of the company and the production unit, for example, an assembly instruction at one company may include information about the product, process, and work environment, while an assembly instruction at another company includes completely different or only parts of this information. Of course, this is a natural consequence of sometimes far-inherited corporate cultures and traditions, but experience has also shown that it is to a very large extent the nature of work that defines the type of support system needed. In line with increased automation and increasing product variation as a result of increased customisation, operators’ tasks will require more creative work than before where the aim is to enable and handle the results of individual workers' creative thoughts about improvements in their own work situation, increasing cognitive load (Taylor et al., 2020). The development of digitalisation has created new opportunities for improved communication among employees in the manufacturing industry (Oesterreich & Teuteberg, 2016). Therefore, this technological development can and should support operators cognitively (Kaasinen et al., 2020; Mattsson et al., 2016). Although many new digital technologies are being developed and are available (Romero et al., 2016), it is still difficult to implement these so that people's cognitive work is supported. This is often due to the fact that the implementation does not take place in a way that people are comfortable with (Parasuraman & Riley, 1997). In many cases, humans are expected to adapt to technology and not the other way around (Thorvald et al., 2021). To implement better support for their operators, companies should focus on identifying the information needs that exist (Haghi et al., 2018) and then visualize it in a way that is useful to operators. The central aim for the project is to demonstrate how knowledge and systematic development of cognitive support and information design can increase quality and flexibility in future production and how this can be considered in the implementation of digital work instructions. In the industrial case studies, current state-of-practice in information presentation will be investigated and analysed together with state-of-the art knowledge and technology to map successful efforts in industry, identify what it is that makes them successful, or how a particularly challenging situation can be further improved through our knowledge of cognitive work in production.

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  • 16.
    Fogelberg, Emmie
    et al.
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Kolbeinsson, Ari
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    Mattsson, Sandra
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    Salunkhe, Omkar
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Thorvald, Peter
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Thuresson, Urban
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    Current and best practices in information presentation2024Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization and automation in industry can have both positive and negative effects on social sustainability. On one hand it can be a basis for monotonous, uncreative, and even dangerous workplaces and in some cases might even result in people losing their work. On the other hand, it can be a base for ergonomically sound and inclusive work, engaging everyone in improvements. This project aims for moving the focus on positive effects for social sustainability while still staying cost efficient and effective in economic and ecologic sustainability for digitalization and automation of work instructions and training in manual operations like assembly, machine operation & setup, maintenance, and material handling. The Industry 4.0 paradigm offers radically increased opportunities for doing just that. For example, increased digitization can create efficiency improvements through shorter lead times and reduced disruptions to production. New generations of technology and software as well as information dissemination can be accelerated and the traceability of products and materials in the industrial systems can be greatly increased. Digitization also provides opportunities to increase industrial resilience to challenges coming from elsewhere, such as demographic change and climate threats. Advanced application of digitization is seen by industries and decision-makers as the most important enabler for achieving the strategic sustainability goals and Agenda2030. A crucial factor for competitiveness is the human contribution. Here too, digitalisation is radically changing the conditions. In the last 20 years, work instructions have been transformed from printed text on paper into an increasingly digital representation. As knowledge increases about how work instructions for the manufacturing industry should be designed, they are rarely designed according to user conditions. At best, this results in a missed opportunity for performance improvements and at worst, it could potentially result in quality deficiencies, efficiency deficiencies and a lower degree of inclusion of staff groups. Digitization and automation permeate both society and industry more and more and there are many different technologies on the market. These can contribute to both increased efficiency and flexibility for the industry. However, there are a lot of challenges to both implement, design, and use instructions. Studies conducted in industry 2014–2018 show that operators and assembly workers only use instructions in 20–25% of cases in the operational phase when they are perceived as inefficient (Fast-Berglund & Stahre, 2013; Mattsson et al., 2018). Of course, this also increases the risks of, for example, assembly errors by not using instructions to the extent that they should be used. The corporate culture and standards are also an important part of how instructions are created and used. Depending on the structure and condition of the company and the production unit, for example, an assembly instruction at one company may include information about the product, process, and work environment, while an assembly instruction at another company includes completely different or only parts of this information. Of course, this is a natural consequence of sometimes far-inherited corporate cultures and traditions, but experience has also shown that it is to a very large extent the nature of work that defines the type of support system needed. In line with increased automation and increasing product variation as a result of increased customisation, operators’ tasks will require more creative work than before where the aim is to enable and handle the results of individual workers' creative thoughts about improvements in their own work situation, increasing cognitive load (Taylor et al., 2020). The development of digitalisation has created new opportunities for improved communication among employees in the manufacturing industry (Oesterreich & Teuteberg, 2016). Therefore, this technological development can and should support operators cognitively (Kaasinen et al., 2020; Mattsson et al., 2016). Although many new digital technologies are being developed and are available (Romero et al., 2016), it is still difficult to implement these so that people's cognitive work is supported. This is often due to the fact that the implementation does not take place in a way that people are comfortable with (Parasuraman & Riley, 1997). In many cases, humans are expected to adapt to technology and not the other way around (Thorvald et al., 2021). To implement better support for their operators, companies should focus on identifying the information needs that exist (Haghi et al., 2018) and then visualize it in a way that is useful to operators. The central aim for the project is to demonstrate how knowledge and systematic development of cognitive support and information design can increase quality and flexibility in future production and how this can be considered in the implementation of digital work instructions. In the industrial case studies, current state-of-practice in information presentation will be investigated and analysed together with state-of-the art knowledge and technology to map successful efforts in industry, identify what it is that makes them successful, or how a particularly challenging situation can be further improved through our knowledge of cognitive work in production.

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  • 17.
    Gåsvaer, Daniel
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Materials and Production, IVF.
    Hedegård, Joakim
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Materials and Production, KIMAB.
    Jönsson, Christina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Materials and Production, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Materials and Production, IVF.
    Lundin, Roger
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Materials and Production, IVF.
    Persson, Kalle
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Materials and Production, IVF.
    Widfeldt, Magnus
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Materials and Production, IVF.
    Axelson, Jens
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Materials and Production, IVF.
    Att utveckla den smarta svetscellen: Lean, svetsteknik och automation2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En svetscell producerar och är produktiv när svetsning pågår och ljubågen brinner. Då skapas värde i en svetscell. För att nå teknisk och ekonomisk framgång, behöver svetscellen fungera "smart" med effektiva flöden, hög tillgänglighet, optimerad svetsteknik och ur flera aspekter goda miljöegenskaper. Skriften fungerar som hjälp när företag vill utveckla sin svetsverkstad och förbättra svetsproduktionen, utifrån lean, svetsteknik och automation.

  • 18.
    Hedman, M.
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    Larsson, L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    Öhrwall Rönnbäck, A.
    Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    Operator Contributions to Innovation: Supporting Innovative Production Development in a Digital Learning Environment2022In: Advances in Transdisciplinary Engineering, IOS Press BV , 2022, Vol. 21, p. 580-591Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As all technologies come to pass, change by innovation is needed both ways, exploiting current knowledge to do better and exploring new knowledge to do differently. Due to years of continuous improvement (CI), exploitation of current knowledge in production development is rather well investigated, exploration is less. It could be argued that not utilizing the potential explorative operator contributions to production innovation is a lost opportunity to increase a company's innovation capability. Simultaneously, operators are facing great changes when manufacturing is adopting to digitalization and sustainability challenges enhancing the need for production innovation. This study focused on a team of operators through a workshop series of five sessions about explorative activities in a format using structured and semi-structured interviews. The study provided a basis for constructing a model for positioning operators' both digital and explorative maturity level. Through the empirical data and the model, the conclusion is illustrated as alternative pathways to reach a desired level of operator maturity. It was concluded that approaching digital and explorative maturity for operators should be done as a two-step process. Increasing both maturities simultaneously, as with the studied team, showed difficult due to the digital and explorative maturity being co-dependent. The suggested two-step process contributes to a better understanding of prerequisites and opportunities for operators to participate and contribute to production innovation in digitalized work environments, ultimately increasing the company's innovation capability. © 2022 The authors

  • 19.
    Henriksson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Maskinkonstruktion.
    Kurdve, Martin
    Mälardalen University.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalen University.
    Denzler, Patrick
    Mälardalen University.
    Zachrisson, Mats
    Swerea IVF.
    Bjelkemyr, Marcus
    Mälardalen University.
    Production system and material efficiency challenges for large scale introduction of complex materials2017In: Advanced Materials Proceedings, Linköping: VBRI Press , 2017, Vol. 2, no 8, p. 492-499Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper links production system research to advanced material research for the vehicle industry. Facilitated by need for reduction of fuel use, the automotive industry is pushing a radical change from using steel structures to new mixed materials structures. In production systems optimised for steel, the changes will affect productivity and material efficiency. Four industrial case studies focusing on production economy and productivity give implications of production technology demands on the material selection regarding new joining techniques and additive or forming methods which has to be investigated when considering new materials. Material efficiency analysis shows that minimising spill in production operations and regulatory demand of recycling need to be considered in material development, which implies both design for disassembly, advanced separation processes and use of recycled raw materials. To be successful in new material introduction, new information flows and knowledge sharing moving from operations and manufacturing development to materials development and design are needed. The material developers could use axiomatic design strategies to structure the production system demands on the materials. State of the art lightweight producers in vehicle and automotive industry are likely early adopters to advanced lightweight structures with need of information flows between material development and operations.

  • 20.
    Hildenbrand, Jutta
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    Dahlström, Johan
    Kinnarps AB, Sweden.
    Shahbazi, Sasha
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Identifying and evaluating recirculation strategies for industry in the nordic countries2021In: Recycling, E-ISSN 2313-4321, Vol. 6, no 4, article id 74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The manufacturing industry in the Nordic countries aims to include closing product and material loops to recover values in their circular economy strategies. Recirculating strategies for products and materials are required for existing products that are part of the stock and are also anticipated to be aligned with products designed for circularity and circular business models in the future. Options to capture value of discarded products are diverse and include reuse, remanufacturing and material recycling. The Circular Economy Integration in the Nordic Industry for enhanced sustain-ability and competitiveness (CIRCit) project developed a framework to guide decision makers in the industry on how to identify suitable treatments and subsequent use at the end of use or end of life of a product and how to select among different options. Factors considered in the assessment include technical feasibility, necessary efforts, networks of business partners, legal implications and overall sustainability aspects. Our empirical studies show great support for decision-makers in the value recovery of different products with different complexity levels. It is also concluded that the properties of products at their end of use are the main drivers behind selecting a proper recirculation strategy. This study contributes with an empirical evaluation and a consistent terminology framework for recirculation options. The general setup is relevant for the Nordic countries. © 2021 by the authors. 

  • 21.
    Hildenbrand, Jutta
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    Lindahl, Emma
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Shahbazi, Sasha
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Applying tools for end of use outlook in design for recirculation2021In: Procedia CIRP, Elsevier B.V. , 2021, p. 85-90Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Circular economy is widely embraced as one major path towards sustainability goals by contributing to resource efficiency and reaching climate targets. The research need at hand lies in how to implement changes. To achieve a circular system, design for recirculation is advised when introducing new products and production processes. However, in practical applications it is a challenge to foresee the complex nature of a real circular production system with many stakeholders in a system in transition. Product systems are embedded in a use context, where the user is a key stakeholder. Collection and systematization of experience and ideas from the field is here a key. This research draws on the experiences of assessing and improve circulation in industrial practice deploying the Recirculation Strategies Decision Tree and the Eco-design-strategy-wheel. Through two case studies, practitioners have been supported in action to evaluate their products and production processes in term of circularity. Cases showed a process from current status and recirculation challenges to a more circular future state in production and end of life was scrutinized. As a result, emphasis differed between the two tools. The Eco strategy wheel supported product design phase with an engineering perspective, The Recirculation Strategies Decision Tree on end-of-life phase with a market perspective. Common for both tools was the dependency on user or operator's handling. Outcome from this study is to emphasise the importance on social dimension in CE/user role in a circular product system. The interactive, user centered research with manufacturing companies is suggested for development to effectively close product loops. 

  • 22.
    Kjellsdotter, Linea
    et al.
    VTI, Sweden.
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Johansson, Mats
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Effects on logistics of increased on-site sorting2020Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The construction industry is one of the largest producers of waste and the EU waste framework directive (2008/98/EC) has established a target of 70% of construction and demolition waste (CDW) to be recycled by 2020. However, except for a few EU countries, only about 50% of CDW is recycled (European Commission, 2018). In order to increase recycling rates, sorting of waste material is of high importance (Kurdve et al., 2019). Still, there are different believes of where the sorting should take place; on-site or upstream the supply chain, e.g. at the waste collection company (CIRF, 2019). The purpose of this study is to increase the understanding of the effects that an increased on-site sorting may have on logistics, measured in terms of load factors and collection costs. Research Approach The study takes a quantitative approach, using empirical data from 22 Swedish construction projects of a construction company during the years 2016-2019. Data was gathered from the databases and bookkeeping of the construction company and the waste collection provider. This was complemented with interviews of personnel knowledgeable of the data from the two companies. Findings and Originality No statistic correlation could be found between on-site sorting level and load factor. Thus, an increased sorting level does not per definition add complexity in logistics. The sorting applied in the projects has in total saved about EUR 300 000 for the construction company, compared to not sort at all. This saving is in terms of lower treatment costs. However, storage and handling costs may increase for higher sorting levels, which is not calculated in this study. The saving in treatment cost also differs between material types, where greatest savings occur for combustible material compared with inert material. Research Impact Since 2000, CDW management has been attracting increasing attention from researchers around the world (Kambiz et al., 2016). Earlier studies in CDW management reports on pros and cons of on-site sorting (e.g. Tam et al., 2009; Wang et al., 2010). To our knowledge this is the first study that tries to empirically determine the effect of on-site sorting on load factors and collection costs. Practical Impact The study gives some guidelines in how construction companies could improve sorting rates and at the same time keep collection costs low. For example, our results indicate that it is positive to sort as much as possible of the chosen material from the mixed fractions and carefully choose the fractions to sort.

  • 23.
    Kurdve, Martin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Applying industrial waste management in practice2008In: Reassessing the economics of the waste hierarchy / [ed] Kenny Tang, Jacob Yeoh, Middlesex University Press , 2008, p. 141-152Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Kurdve, Martin
    IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation).
    Chemical Management Services from a Product Service System Perspective: Experiences of fluid management services from Volvo Group metalworking plants2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses fluid management services (FMS) in metalworking industry and determines environmental and economic outcomes of FMS as compared to traditional, in-house, fluid management. Fluid management services, or as it is often called chemical management services (CMS), mean that the suppliers of chemicals are also involved in managing and maintaining the fluids in the use phase. Usually one supplier is responsible for managing all the different fluids on a site, but the management may be restricted to some processes or fluids only

  • 25.
    Kurdve, Martin
    Lund University.
    Chemical Management Services: Safeguarding Environmental Outcomes2009In: Environmental Management Accounting (EMA) as a Support for Cleaner Production / [ed] Stefan Schaltegger (2) Martin Bennett (3) Roger L. Burritt (4) Christine Jasch, Springer Netherlands , 2009, p. 209-229Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Every year hundreds of new chemicals with uncertain life-cycle impacts on our health and the environment are being developed and introduced to the market. Reducing the amount and volume of chemicals in use is seen as an important option for reducing associated environmental effects. Chemical management services (CMS) is seen by environmental experts as a business strategy that may allow reduction in the volume of chemicals sold, while maintaining profits from use of chemicals for suppliers. In traditional business the user would try to achieve the same reduction with less support from the supplier. The goal of this paper is to investigate how common performance indicators can be used to monitor the environmental performance of different chemical management strategies and how CMS customers and suppliers can safeguard environmental improvements. The paper draws on experiences from implementing CMS in one of Sweden’s automotive companies and meetings with European CMS providers.

  • 26.
    Kurdve, Martin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Development of collaborative green lean production systems2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with development of lean and green production systems from an action research point of view. The studies focus on Swedish-based automotive and vehicle industries and their aims to integrate sustainable thinking and environmental care into their operations management.

    Starting from operations management in manufacturing and corporate sustainable development, the research is built on how to integrate these two views into one production system. The systematic structure of a multiple-target improvement process with methodologies and tools designed to achieve the sustainability vision has been studied. Since lean as well as green production is based on the entire value chain, the research has gone beyond legal company limits and included the collaborative efforts between suppliers and customers in the value chain.

    The thesis includes six papers and describes approaches on how to implement integration, how to structure and integrate improvement management systems, how to set up an integrated monitoring and control system for the business and how to organise and redesign green lean tools and methodologies to support collaboration towards common targets.

    The results can be used for exploration and hypothesis formulation for further studies and development of integrated production systems and collaboration systems. The thesis helps answering how to integrate and implement company-specific green lean production systems.

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  • 27.
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Materials and Production, IVF. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Digital assembly instruction system design with green lean perspective-Case study from building module industry2018In: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 72, p. 762-767Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Manual "easy jobs" need to be efficient, standardised and quality assured to remain competitive against automated production. Digitalised work instructions offer an opportunity to support standardisation and quality assurance for manual work tasks in industry. Inspired by axiomatic design this study aims at selecting design of lean methods and equipment for digital assembly instructions and standardised work. Literature regarding standardised work and green lean production system is applied in a case study. Interviews, observations and green lean equipment design methods are used to conclude system requirements of a digital work instruction-system designed for assembly of modular buildings at Husmuttern AB. © 2018 The Authors.

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  • 28.
    Kurdve, Martin
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Digital assembly instruction system design with green lean perspective-Case study from building module industry2018In: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 72, p. 762-767Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Manual “easy jobs” need to be efficient, standardised and quality assured to remain competitive against automated production. Digitalised work instructions offer an opportunity to support standardisation and quality assurance for manual work tasks in industry. Inspired by axiomatic design this study aims at selecting design of lean methods and equipment for digital assembly instructions and standardised work. Literature regarding standardised work and green lean production system is applied in a case study. Interviews, observations and green lean equipment design methods are used to conclude system requirements of a digital work instruction-system designed for assembly of modular buildings at Husmuttern AB.

  • 29.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Bellgran, M.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Green lean operationalisation of the circular economy concept on production shop floor level2021In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 278, article id 123223Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Addressing today's general requirements on sustainability, as captured by for example the UN sustainability goals, is a necessity within production operations. It means that production managers need to find and manage new working procedures and methods on the shop floor to increase resource efficiency and overall sustainability. Utilizing a green lean environmental improvement tool called Green Performance Map in manufacturing and pharma industry has proven successful results in engaging shop floor managers and operators in green kaizen and demonstrated the value of integrating the waste hierarchy model, hence operationalising the concept of circular economy. This paper presents results of eight industrial cases of pilot trials of the Green Performance Map, demonstrating how the waste hierarchy model was used as an operationalisation mechanism for increasing the circularity on the shop floor. This was made by prioritizing and executing environmental improvements identified by the shop floor team that implied moving up one or more steps in the waste hierarchy. By this action, resource efficiency was improved as well as the overall environmental behaviour. The research presented contributes to the green lean theory and its integration with circular economy in a production context. On managerial level, the research demonstrates a concrete way of how the circularity could be improved on the shop floor.

  • 30.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology; RISE Research Institutes of Sweden AB, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Bird, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Laage-Hellman, J.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Establishing SME–university collaboration through innovation support programmes2020In: Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, ISSN 1741-038X, E-ISSN 1758-7786, Vol. 31, no 8, p. 1583-1604Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The research purpose is to analyse when and how innovation support programmes (ISPs) can affect collaboration between universities and established small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). The paper specifically considers SME’s absorptive capacity. Design/methodology/approach: A Swedish research centre is studied in the context of innovation support and two of its SME-ISPs are examined with regards to industry–university collaboration and impact on firm innovation capabilities. Data collection and analysis are performed, using interviews, survey answers, document search and reflectional analysis to evaluate processes and effects of the centre and the programmes. Findings: A developed research centre, integrated into both academia and industry, can support translational collaboration and promote SME innovation absorptive capacity. The action learning elements and the organisational development approaches used when coaching in the ISPs contribute to the SMEs internal absorption capacity and collaborational skills. Organising collaboration into ISPs can provide a relational path to future collaboration with universities, which, for example start with student projects. Research limitations/implications: The study, though limited to one Swedish region, adds to empirical innovation research as it connects industry–university collaboration and absorptive capacity to organisational learning. Practical implications: The empirical results indicate possible long-term gains for industry and universities in building collaborative innovation into SME-ISPs. Originality/value: The contribution of this study pertains to the practice of innovation support for established SMEs with the inclusion of absorption capacity and collaborative innovation development.

  • 31.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Bird, Anna
    Mälardalens University, Sweden.
    Lage-Hellman, Jens
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Establishing SME–university collaboration through innovation support programmes2020In: Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, ISSN 1741-038X, E-ISSN 1758-7786, Vol. 31, no 8, p. 1583-1604Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The research purpose is to analyse when and how innovation support programmes (ISPs) can affect collaboration between universities and established small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). The paper specifically considers SME’s absorptive capacity. Design/methodology/approach: A Swedish research centre is studied in the context of innovation support and two of its SME-ISPs are examined with regards to industry–university collaboration and impact on firm innovation capabilities. Data collection and analysis are performed, using interviews, survey answers, document search and reflectional analysis to evaluate processes and effects of the centre and the programmes. Findings: A developed research centre, integrated into both academia and industry, can support translational collaboration and promote SME innovation absorptive capacity. The action learning elements and the organisational development approaches used when coaching in the ISPs contribute to the SMEs internal absorption capacity and collaborational skills. Organising collaboration into ISPs can provide a relational path to future collaboration with universities, which, for example start with student projects. Research limitations/implications: The study, though limited to one Swedish region, adds to empirical innovation research as it connects industry–university collaboration and absorptive capacity to organisational learning. Practical implications: The empirical results indicate possible long-term gains for industry and universities in building collaborative innovation into SME-ISPs. Originality/value: The contribution of this study pertains to the practice of innovation support for established SMEs with the inclusion of absorption capacity and collaborative innovation development. 

  • 32.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Bird, Anna
    MÄLARDALEN UNIVERSITY, Sweden.
    Sundquist, Svante
    MÄLARDALEN UNIVERSITY, Sweden.
    Par experience from production innovation in Mälardalen2018In: PIN-C 2018 Conference Proceedings, 2018, p. 411-415, article id 5.15Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This case paper describes the role of Mälardalen Industrial Technology Center, an industry support organisation in Sweden and the way it scollaborative innovation support is operated. Three programmes where representatives from academia support industrial companies are studied. The coordinating organisation act as a developed collaboration research centre. This is important for action learning and group development. It is beneficial for the university and companies with a strong programme collaboration with researchers and students.

  • 33.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    KTH.
    Daghini, L
    Sustainable metalworking fluid systems: Best and common practice for metalworking fluid maintenance and system design in Swedish industry2012In: International Journal of Sustainable Manufacturing  (IJSM), ISSN 1742-7223, E-ISSN 1742-7231, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 276-292Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the function of metal working fluid (MWF) emulsions in automotive industries in Sweden and looks at how the negative environmental and health impact of their use can be reduced through means of monitoring and system design. Major input to this study has been collected from several of the large companies in Sweden, through a literature review, interviews, questionnaires, findings from workshops and comparisons with other countries. The mapping of this data was carried out, firstly by defining several concepts and terms related to MWFs in order to give an unambiguous terminology. The MWF system design, with its impact on economical, environmental and health and safety parameters, is then described more in detail. Finally, applied monitoring methodologies are reviewed and analysed in terms of common and best practices. Insights gained were formulated as general recommendations for designing a state-of-the-art sustainable MWF system. The article gives examples of how these recommendations translate into practical design features and requirements of monitoring, and maybe of interest for professionals and researchers working with machining technology, process fluid system design and control methodology.

  • 34.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. Swerea IVF, Mölndal, Sweden.
    De Goey, H.
    Swerea IVF, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Can Social Sustainability Values be Incorporated in a Product Service System for Temporary Public Building Modules?2017In: Procedia CIRP, Elsevier B.V. , 2017, Vol. 64, p. 193-198Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The temporary constructions industry has cost efficiency and sustainability challenges that may require new innovative business models as well as product and processes. This paperaims to discuss how social sustainability services can be included in product service system (PSS)by investigating a case where employment is offered in distributed temporary building module manufacturing in the PSS context. The case has been evaluated against PSS literature. Recent reviews and literature on inclusion of social sustainability and PSS for buildings were used. It is concluded that the current concept fits basic definitions of PSS although it is not typical. The social value of employment is difficult to evaluate and inclusion in PSS needs further research. Design practice could be used to further develop the services in the studied concept. 

  • 35.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    De Goey, Heleen
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Can Social Sustainability Values be Incorporated in a Product Service System for Temporary Public Building Modules?2017In: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 64, p. 193-198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The temporary constructions industry has cost efficiency and sustainability challenges that may require new innovative business models as well as product and processes. This paperaims to discuss how social sustainability services can be included in product service system (PSS)by investigating a case where employment is offered in distributed temporary building module manufacturing in the PSS context. The case has been evaluated against PSS literature. Recent reviews and literature on inclusion of social sustainability and PSS for buildings were used. It is concluded that the current concept fits basic definitions of PSS although it is not typical. The social value of employment is difficult to evaluate and inclusion in PSS needs further research. Design practice could be used to further develop the services in the studied concept. © 2017 The Authors.

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  • 36.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    Eriksson, Yvonne
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Skagert, Katrin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    Skyddsutrustning vid Covid 19 – Metodik för säker produktframtagning vid egen beredskapsproduktion2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During spring 2020 the covid 19 virus spread all over the world. A supply shortage of  personnel protective equipment (PPE) was apparent due to an increase of global need for PPE and worsened due to breakage of supply chains, closed factories, and boarders. It was difficult to rely on the ordinary global market for supply of PPE during the strained  situation caused by the pandemic. Employers, who are responsible for ensuring  security for their staff and not exposed to dangerous infections, tried to obtain personal protective equipment by various means. The result describes different methods to meet the need of PPE, such as emergency stockpile, acute purchase, gifts, voluntary- or own production in collaboration with local industry. There are apparent problems with having a sufficiently extensive contingency stock of PPE pending a possible pandemic or rely on being able to make acute purchases or receive gifts from the surrounding community. Voluntary production alone seldom reaches necessary volumes and it is difficult to ensure all aspects of sufficient quality. However, a temporary emergency production of PPE can quickly be started together with local domestic industry. The result describes the core components in such process. The requirements and standards regulating PPE mainly sets material requirements. We recommend getting an understanding of these requirement when sourcing raw materials or components. It is also important to have standardized operation procedures with easy to learn instructions in place and a quality assurance system preferably with fault proof process design (poka yoke). Through these steps and design, production can start quickly even with unexperienced staff and still be able to provide sufficient volumes of approved quality. Finally, the documentation, labelling and instructions for use of PPE are necessary to have in place and sent together with the product to the end user. The recommendation to authorities is to simplify the description of PPE requirements and procedures for permits.

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  • 37.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Fransson, Kristin
    AFRY, Sweden.
    Jonsson, Patrik
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Availability and Need for Climate Footprint and Resilience Data from Suppliers in Automotive Supply Chains2024In: Advances in Transdisciplinary Engineering, ISSN 2352-751X, Vol. 52, p. 589-600Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the challenges and opportunities of managing supply chain data for environmental sustainability and resilience in the automotive and vehicle manufacturing industry. It presents empirics from measuring and improving the climate footprint, based on data from interviews and workshops with original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and suppliers, and compares concepts of resilience of supply chains. The paper focuses on the early phases of supply chain interaction, such as supplier selection and request for quota, when specific product data is often unavailable or estimated. It discusses the trade-offs and conflicts between the needs and availability of climate footprint and related supplier data, such as localization, energy supply, material supply and transportation. It also highlights the importance of data regarding recycled contents, materials, and energy in the supply chain. The paper is connected to projects funded by the EU and Vinnova that aim to enhance the competitive sustainability and resilience of the industry.

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  • 38.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    Volvo Technology AB, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Hanarp, P.
    Volvo Technology AB, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Chen, X.
    Volvo Technology AB, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Qiu, X.
    Volvo Technology AB, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Zhang, J.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Stahre, J.
    Volvo Technology AB, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Use of environmental value stream mapping and environmental loss analysis in lean manufacturing work at Volvo2011In: Proceedings of the 4th Swedish Production Symposium, Lund, Sweden, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT Green production systems requires efficient production and low use of resources such as energy, material etc. To achieve this, there is a need for further development of continuous improvement tools in the “lean and green” area. This work deals with environmental value stream mapping (Environmental-VSM), which has been applied in two case studies at Volvo Penta Vara and Volvo Construction Equipment Braas. In the performed studies Environmental-VSM, as described by the US-Environmental Protection Agency, has been extended by the introduction of a loss model to show environmental losses. The combination of methods provides the user with hands-on tools supporting strategic as well as operational management. Examples of practical improvement actions that were found include reduction of energy use trough minimising idling losses and floor space as well as reduced waste flow through lowered packaging material usage. Keywords: Green Lean, Green production systems, Competitiveness, Manufacturing industry, Production management

  • 39.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Hallin, Malin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Söderlund, C.
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Berglund, M.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Florin, U.
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Landström, A.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Designing visual management in manufacturing from a user perspective2019In: Procedia CIRP, Elsevier B.V. , 2019, p. 886-891Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many organisations use daily meetings, whiteboards and an information system for employee intra-communication. While Operation Management research is often management centred, Human Centred Design, instead, takes a user’s perspective. This research aims to reflect upon and describe a method, applied in practice in a double case study within manufacturing, on how to (re-)design meetings and visual management boards, and what type of information and key performance indicators are most relevant for the personnel. The paper proposes a lean Kata-improvement inspired design method, which takes the personnel’s perspective on design of daily visual management. © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  • 40.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Mölndal, Sweden; Chalmers.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Hallin, Malin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Söderlund, Carina
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Berglund, Martina
    Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre and Logistics and Quality Development, Linköping, Sweden.
    Florin, Ulrika
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Landström, Anna
    Chalmers University of Technology, Technology Management and Economics, Supply and Operations Management division, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Designing visual management in manufacturing from a user perspective2019In: Procedia CIRP, Vol. 84, p. 886-891Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many organisations use daily meetings, whiteboards and an information system for employee intra-communication. While Operation Management research is often management centred, Human Centred Design, instead, takes a user’s perspective. This research aims to reflect upon and describe a method, applied in practice in a double case study within manufacturing, on how to (re-)design meetings and visual management boards, and what type of information and key performance indicators are most relevant for the personnel. The paper proposes a lean Kata-improvement inspired design method, which takes the personnel’s perspective on design of daily visual management.

  • 41.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University.
    Henriksson, Fredrik
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Machine Design. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Denzler, Patrick
    Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Zachrisson, Mats
    Swerea IVF, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Bjelkemyr, Marcus
    Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Production system and material efficiency challenges for large scale introduction of complex materials2017In: Advanced Materials Proceedings, ISSN 2002-4428, Vol. 2, no 8, p. 492-499Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper links production system research to advanced material research for the vehicle industry. Facilitated by need for reduction of fuel use, the automotive industry is pushing a radical change from using steel structures to new mixed materials structures. In production systems optimised for steel, the changes will affect productivity and material efficiency. Four industrial case studies focusing on production economy and productivity give implications of production technology demands on the material selection regarding new joining techniques and additive or forming methods which has to be investigated when considering new materials. Material efficiency analysis shows that minimising spill in production operations and regulatory demand of recycling need to be considered in material development, which implies both design for disassembly, advanced separation processes and use of recycled raw materials. To be successful in new material introduction, new information flows and knowledge sharing moving from operations and manufacturing development to materials development and design are needed. The material developers could use axiomatic design strategies to structure the production system demands on the materials. State of the art lightweight producers in vehicle and automotive industry are likely early adopters to advanced lightweight structures with need of information flows between material development and operations.

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    Production system and material efficiency challenges for large scale introduction of complex materials
  • 42.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Henriksson, Fredrik
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Denzler, Patrick
    Zackrisson, Mats
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Bjelkemyr, Marcus
    Production System And Material Efficiency Challenges For Large Scale Introduction Of Complex Materials2017In: Advanced Materials Proceedings, 2017, Vol. 2, no 8, p. 492-499Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper links production system research to advanced material research for the vehicle industry. Facilitated by need for reduction of fuel use, the automotive industry is pushing a radical change from using steel structures to new mixed materials structures. In production systems optimised for steel, the changes will affect productivity and material efficiency. Four industrial case studies focusing on production economy and productivity give implications of production technology demands on the material selection regarding new joining techniques and additive or forming methods which has to be investigated when considering new materials. Material efficiency analysis shows that minimising spill in production operations and regulatory demand of recycling need to be considered in material development, which implies both design for disassembly, advanced separation processes and use of recycled raw materials. To be successful in new material introduction, new information flows and knowledge sharing moving from operations and manufacturing development to materials development and design are needed. The material developers could use axiomatic design strategies to structure the production system demands on the materials. State of the art lightweight producers in vehicle and automotive industry are likely early adopters to advanced lightweight structures with need of information flows between material development and operations.

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    fulltext
  • 43.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Hildenbrand, Jutta
    Swerea IVF, Sweden.
    Jönsson, Christina
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. Swerea IVF.
    Design for green lean building module production - Case study2018In: Procedia Manufacturing, E-ISSN 2351-9789, Vol. 25, no 8, p. 594-601Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With an increasing societal need for temporary buildings, while construction industry faces resource and time efficiency challenges, factory assembly of modular buildings can be a solution. This case study at a start-up company uses experiences from assembly system design and eco-design literature to propose green lean design principles to be used in the design and development of building modules and their assembly stations. The eco-design strategy wheel is used as a basis and adapted for the assessment of green and lean building manufacturing.

  • 44.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Materials and Production, IVF. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Hildenbrand, Jutta
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Materials and Production, IVF.
    Jönsson, Christina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Materials and Production, IVF.
    Design for green lean building module production - Case study2018In: Procedia Manufacturing, E-ISSN 2351-9789, Vol. 25, p. 594-601Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With an increasing societal need for temporary buildings, while construction industry faces resource and time efficiency challenges, factory assembly of modular buildings can be a solution. This case study at a start-up company uses experiences from assembly system design and eco-design literature to propose green lean design principles to be used in the design and development of building modules and their assembly stations. The eco-design strategy wheel is used as a basis and adapted for the assessment of green and lean building manufacturing.

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  • 45.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Materials and Production, IVF. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Jönsson, Christina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Materials and Production, IVF.
    Granzell, Ann-Sofie
    Development of the urban and industrial symbiosis in western Mälardalen2018In: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 73, p. 96-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From a product service systems business model development perspective, this paper presents a case study of Västra Mälardalens industrial symbiosis, its maturity level and potentials for further development. The status and potentials of the symbiosis network, based on a survey, interviews and workshops, together with background statistics, is used to evaluate the potential improvement areas and suggest future research. The study contributes with application of evaluation models and confirms earlier research and in addition suggests future research in the field. The Symbiosis network has potential to be acting as innovation catalyst supporting companies to go beyond core business development.

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  • 46.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Jönsson, Christina
    Swerea IVF, Sweden.
    Granzell, Ann-Sofie
    Smart Planet Business AB, Västerås, Sweden.
    Development of the urban and industrial symbiosis in western Mälardalen2018In: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 73, no 1, p. 96-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From a product service systems business model development perspective, this paper presents a case study of Västra Mälardalens industrial symbiosis, its maturity level and potentials for further development. The status and potentials of the symbiosis network, based on a survey, interviews and workshops, together with background statistics, is used to evaluate the potential improvement areas and suggest future research. The study contributes with application of evaluation models and confirms earlier research and in addition suggests future research in the field. The Symbiosis network has potential to be acting as innovation catalyst supporting companies to go beyond core business development.

  • 47.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Langbeck, Björn
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Green Lean assembly system design – comparison between a large and a small company2016In: Proceedings of the 23rd International Annual EurOMA Conference, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Lean production principles are used to direct operations. Together with the production system challenges these can be converted to design parameters to direct changes in axiomatic design of production systems. This paper presents two assembly cases with different operations, products and company sizes. The cases still show similarities in challenges and design parameters. The change implementation strategies differ, possibly depending on maturity of improvements and automation level. Both external and internal personnel may improve communication by an axiomatic design approach

  • 48.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    Mattsson, Sandra
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    Skagert, Katrin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    Digitalt stöd och kultur för universell utformning av manuella arbeten2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents how universal design of manual assembly was supported through digital support in a project called Universal design of workplaces - manual assembly (UUAAMM). In the project we have followed a company Husmuttern AB and evaluated their approach to universal design. The aim of the project was to increase universal design in industry and show how other companies can use it and why. The approach focused on four areas: sustainable work, standard operational procedures, digital support and culture.

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  • 49.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Mont, Oksana
    Lund University.
    Arnold Tucker, Ursula Tischner, New Business for Old Europe. Product-Service Development, Competitiveness and Sustainability2006In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 14, no 17, p. 1559-1560Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Persson, Kalle
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Berglund, Rickard
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Zackrisson, Mats
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Ericson Öberg, Anna
    Volvo Group, Sweden.
    Myrelid, Åsa
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Trollsfjord, Pia
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Implementation of daily visual management at five small and medium sized enterprises in Produktionslyftet compared to six larger Swedish companies2016In: Swedish Production Symposium 2016, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper compares the implementation of daily visual management (DVM) in five SMEs (small and medium sized enterprises), with practice in six large Swedish companies, considering the challenge to include sustainability aspects. With method definition from Produktionslyftet (PL), a Swedish development programme, DVM includes daily meetings around key performance indices (KPIs) and visualised information on boards. The SMEs were studied within PL while the large companies were studied in the research project SuReBPMS (Sustainable and resource efficient Business Performance Measurement Systems). The empirical result from SMEs shows that KPIs often cover few areas (most common: delivery, safety and quality) while the larger companies have wider range of areas. In some SMEs the meeting agendas, KPIs and pulse-boards are standardised while in others there are differences between teams or operations. The larger companies were mainly standardised. Both SMEs and larger companies mostly include all employees in DVM, in line with PL-DVM methodology. The general tendency is to focus on short term rather than follow-up of strategic challenges in the DVM. Furthermore, environmental issues, such as climate impact, are rarely found on boards, while often reflected in company policy. However, many KPIs have a strong, indirect, connection to sustainability and environment.

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