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  • 1.
    Eriksson, Kristina. M.
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Mechanical Engineering.
    A comparison of changeover time reduction through design changes and changeover sensitive heuristics2007In: PLANs forsknings- och tillämpningskonferens 2007: kundfokuserade varor och tjänster : artiklar från konferensen på Tekniska högskolan i Jönköping 5-6 september 2007, PLAN - Logistikföreningen , 2007, p. 51-66Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Eriksson, Kristina M.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems.
    Chirumalla, Koteshwar
    Ericsson, Mikael
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    A novel blended learning course developed jointly between three universities to address competence development of professionals in digitalized manufacturing2019In: VILÄR 5-6 december 2019, University West, Trollhättan: Abstracts / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: University West , 2019, p. 6-7Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    New competences and knowledge needs arises as manufacturing industry evolves and becomes increasingly digitalized. Facing this transformation, one of the challenges is the continuous and growing need for novel initiatives for competence development.The case portrayed here stems from a Swedish cross-university project aiming to jointly develop and offer courses for competence development of professionals in the manufacturing and IT sectors. The ambition is to increase the impact of the universities' respective efforts of meeting industry competence needs, where the continuous digital transformation entails that employees must develop or even change their qualifications.

    The case outlined focus co-production of a joint course package, at master level, between three universities and their respective company networks. Participating universities have long traditions in working closely with companies in research and education, where approaches for co-production have evolved over time. We make use of our joint understanding of the manufacturing industry's specific competence needs and our experiences of sustainable course formats for participants working full time.The joint course covers aspects of a manufacturing company on three levels: plant level i.e. material and production flows, cell level e.g. robotic simulation and visualisation, and system level i.e. data acquisition and monitoring through sensors. Each university is developing a course module of 2.5 ECTS, addressing a level respectively of their specialist competence. Participants are to complete assignments for each course module, i.e. for all three manufacturing levels, where the previous assignment provides an input to the next level, enabling the participants to encompass a holistic view of a manufacturing system. Participants need to combine study and work and at the same time they wish to extend their network, hence we are adopting a blended learning approach, where virtual labs and web conferences are mixed with physical meetings.A variety of challenges arise when designing such novel approaches: combining company networks, course design including online learning, planning of physical course meetings,

    joint promotion, common admission and validation process, financial models and more. However, engaging in partnerships with industry for knowledge transformation and development has the potential to become rewarding for all parties.

  • 3.
    Eriksson, Kristina M
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Hanson, R.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Performance impact of options for routing and delivery initiation in tugger train delivery systems2008In: Proceedings of SPS08, Swedish Production Symposium, 18th – 20th November 2008, Stockholm, Sweden, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Eriksson, Kristina M.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems.
    Hattinger, Monika
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems.
    Participants Perspectives and Results from Competence Development Courses for Industrial Work Integrated Learning2019In: VILÄR 5-6 december 2019, University West, Trollhättan: Abstracts / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: University West , 2019, p. 7-8Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In a work practice of constant implementation of new manufacturing processes, competence development becomes crucial for practitioners within engineering fields such as production systems, additive manufacturing, industry 4.0 and machine learning. Industrial work is transforming and practitioners constantly need to learn both integrated in work practice and through flexible education.Given this, the purpose of this study is to analyse how participants engage in a unique initiative where courses targeting competence development for manufacturing industry have been co-constructed between one university and a network of companies. The longitudinal initiative (2013-ongoing) focus industry knowledge needs and e-learning design aiming for industrial work integrated learning. Over time a course format of five-week flexible e-learning courses of 2.5 ECTS, on master level, has evolved, and 30 courses within e.g. robotics, additive manufacturing and industrial digitalization, have been designed.

    The uniqueness lies in the opportunities continuously taken for co-construction of course design throughout and this has brought about a combination of different practices for collaboration between academia and industry. Course participants perspectives are specifically explored through focus group studies and a questionnaire survey. Between 2014 and spring 2019 a total of 367 participants took part in focus group sessions at the end of each course instance. The questionnaire was distributed in spring 2019 to 638 individuals and the response rate was 12% (77 respondents) of which 56 had completed one or more courses. While the response rate of the questionnaire is low, results confirm the findings from the focus group studies and indicates new aspects for further study.

    Outcomes from the focus groups show that practitioners feel that their own motives for learning are key for course participation. This is corroborated by the questionnaire results where 79% say they apply for the courses with ambition to study built on their own desire. The flexible e-learning format including virtual laboratories, web-conferencing and practical cases, is essential when combining full time work with competence development. This coupled with 89% of the questionnaire respondents finding the course content useful in relation to their own work, indicates the uniqueness of the initiative. Challenges persisting are the university's lack of capacity to swiftly respond to companies' skills needs and the nurture and development of the growing network that requires continued coordination. However, participants perspectives reveal the potential of how to empower co-construction of knowledge for industrial work integrated learning.

  • 5.
    Eriksson, Kristina M.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Mechanical Engineering.
    Mileham, A.R.
    Newnes, L.B
    A scheduling performance comparison tool – scheduling performance profile (SPP) graph2006In: Proceedings of IDMME06, International conference on integrated Design and Manufacturing in Mechanical Engineering: Grenoble, France. May 17-19, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Hattinger, Monika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Mechanical Engineering.
    Christiernin-Gustafsson, Linn
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Engineering.
    Eriksson, Kristina M.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering. University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production System.
    Digitizing work: Organizational Work-Integrated Learning through Technology Mediated Courses in Manufacturing Industry2013In: 18th WACE World Conference on Cooperative & Work-Integrated Education: WIL-POWER: FUELING THE FUTURE WORKFORCE, WACE , 2013, p. 1-12Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The manufacturing industry is continuously facing global competition and customer demands which impose the need to knowledge development to manage changes and long-term business goals. Continuous and lifelong learning is often seen as processes that support competence development and learning integrated within work. In this paper we focus on processes of learning within the manufacturing industry and how learning initiatives as technology mediated courses (TMC) can support learning from the workplace learning needs. Is learning initiatives integrated in work considered as means for strategic business goals? Can TMC be an important learning tool for support of knowledge creation? The study is performed through interviews with production managers and human resource managers with eight manufacturing industries in the western part of Sweden. Through the study we try to understand what knowledge the industry needs to evolve and achieve effective production. We also study the readiness for technology mediated learning. Early results show that the industries have interest in learning initiatives such as TMC and are willing to co-produce knowledge together with universities. We present a matrix model that interlinks business goals and the industries current use of technology mediated learning tools. However, the experience of using tools such as web conference systems and learning management systems for learning initiatives is diversified.

  • 7.
    Hattinger, Monika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes.
    Eriksson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes.
    Action Design Research: Design of e-WIL for the Manufacturing Industry2015In: The 2015 Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS 2015): Proceedings, 2015, p. 1-14Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on a design process of e-learning courses for competence development of experienced employees in the manufacturing industry. Through a cross- organizational collaborative action design research project the aim was to design e-learning courses at university level to support work-integrated learning. Two design- and learning cycles were evaluated over two years. The first cycle identified challenges that were applied to a pilot course in Industrial automation. From evaluation of this course we derived design principles applied to two further courses in Machining and Negotiation skills. The results from our empirical data suggest general principles as competence mapping work, collaborative manufacturing e-WIL cases and interactive learning technologies for design of e-WIL courses as boundary crossing activities to reach transformative learning integrated in the manufacturing industry.

  • 8.
    Hattinger, Monika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems.
    Eriksson, Kristina M.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems.
    Aspects of Knowledge Transformation in Industry-Union-University Collaborations: A study of Work-integrated e-Learning courses target Norwegian industry2018In: VILÄR Abstraktbok / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2018, p. 10-10Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus in this study is on knowledge transformation in the workplace following substantial competence initiatives through blended e-learning at the university level. Competence development on academic level is a key factor for industries in times of increased digitalization of manufacturing work. To develop competitive manufacturing requires employees with expert knowledge, which professional organisations need to strengthening. Even if individual employees' motivation for learning is essential, management need to put efforts on competence development and encourage education that, combine theory and practice in forms of work integrated learning. Blended e-learning courses on university level has been successful for supporting such competence development needs, which here is described as work-integrated e-learning, e-WIL. In this study, we explore practitioners' knowledge transformation after their participation in blended e-WIL courses that are designed with industry target content aiming for workplace transformations. Specifically, we focus on the learning efforts versus the management strategies after e-learning initiatives that have an effect on workplace transformations.

    The industry target courses in the case study, are designed in collaboration between an industry-union-university venture of a Norwegian industry network, the Addiscounion and a Swedish university. Six courses are included comprising three knowledge subjects; Logistics and Supply Chain Management, Engineering Tools, and Robotics and Automation. Addisco was the facilitator for engaging industry university collaboration, and stimulated co-creation between industry companies. Data was collected through a longitudinal action research project, comprising six focus group sessions with 113 industry participants during 2015 and 2018. We analysed the company management support of knowledge transformation through the course participants' manifestations of experiences in focus groups, conducted after each course intervention. Overall results show that most participants experience a low management support of knowledge transformation as an engine for workplace transformation, after conducting e-WIL courses. Stimulation of individual motivation and new skills gained were not promoted within the workplace structures. There seem to be a lack of individual competence plans, time for studies, business models and routines, networking and recognition of the individuals' knowledge transformation. Rather, participants claimed their individual responsibilities, and motivation that drives them to further competence development. We therefore argue for stronger management awareness and designed learning models, to develop company strategies that fully appreciate the benefits and new knowledge that industry participants bring back into the workplace after course participation.

  • 9.
    Hattinger, Monika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems.
    Eriksson, Kristina M.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems.
    Co-construction of Knowledge in Work-Integrated E-learning Courses in Joint Industry-University Collaboration2018In: International Journal of Advanced Corporate Learning, ISSN 1867-5565, E-ISSN 1867-5565, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 10-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Blended e-learning in higher education targeting company knowledge needs, can support continuous competence development for practitioners in the manufacturing industry. However, university education is traditionally not designed for workplace knowledge needs that strengthen practitioners' learning in everyday work, i.e. work-integrated learning.

    Designing for such learning efforts is even more challenging when the pedagogical strategy is to stimulate practitioners own work experiences as a valuable knowledge source in construction with other peers or teachers. The aim is to explore how engineering practitioners and research teachers mutually co-construct knowledge. In particular, three types of case-based methodologies are examined within a range of industry targeted e-learning courses. The study is part of alongitudinal joint industry-university project. Eleven courses were analyzed through focus group sessions with 110 practitioners from 15 different companies. Results show that 1) Virtual digital cases stimulate high technology learning, but show low collaboration with peers, 2) On-line collaborative negotiation cases stimulate both web conferencing and high interactivity, and 3) Real workplace cases do not stimulate e-learning, but motivate strong work-integrated learning and knowledge expansion.

  • 10.
    Hattinger, Monika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems.
    Eriksson, Kristina M.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems.
    Learning negotiations skills on-line by a case-based methodology through co-construction of knowledge between industry and academy2018In: 12th International Technology, Education and Development Conference (INTED), Valencia, Spain: IATED-INT ASSOC TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION & DEVELOPMENT , 2018, p. 6651-6658Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    University e-learning education aims to support lifelong learning for practitioners in the manufacturing industry and strengthen their competence development integrated in work practice. However, traditional higher education courses are usually designed for individuals on campus and do not support work practitioners working full time. Hence, they are not usually designed for time independence, flexibility or collaborative learning. Traditionally, campus courses do not include practitioners’ knowledge from their work experiences as a valuable source to be negotiated in knowledge construction with other peers and teachers. However, to integrate practitioners’ workplace experiences, as a valuable knowledge source, is a demanding process when designing e-learning courses that includes pedagogical strategies, case-based methodologies and choices of learning technologies. The aim of this study was to explore how engineering practitioners and research teachers mutually co-construct knowledge in a case-based methodology, specifically within the subject Negotiation Skills. Studies took part within a longitudinal and joint industry-university competence development project between a network of manufacturing industries and one university in the Western part of Sweden. The courses comprise 2.5 European Credits (ECTS) and include cases as a Harvard Case designed with a predefined role-play negotiation game, video production and essay. The case methodology was developing during three design cycles (2014-2015), as a part of the whole course design inspired by an Action Design Research (ADR) approach. Analysis from three focus group session discussions from the three courses including 34 practitioners, and through observations of web-conferencing show that that practitioners’strengthened their knowledge of handling negotiations within work practice. There were problems of using web-conferencing, producing own videos and fulfil written essays stringently, however these problems decreased throughout the three design cycles of the course, due to explicated instructions and a higher practitioner involvement. Generally, results show that practitioners; 1) strengthened their knowledge on how cultural differences affected negotiations, 2) improved their decision making skills in problematic business situations, and 3) developed personal skills on how to visualize conflict situations through reflections on their own actions and communications within practical work situations. The e-learning technology failures also decreased.

  • 11.
    Hattinger, Monika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems.
    Eriksson, Kristina M.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems.
    Mind the Gap: a Collaborative Competence e-Learning Model between University and Industry2020In: Proceedings of the 53rd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences Jan 07 - 10, 2020 a Maui, Hawaii, United States of America., 2020, p. 79-88Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article departure from the effects that interorganizational collaboration brings for the participating partners, specifically from design-related activities of e-learning courses and co-production. There search focus is on critical factors for interorganizational collaborative e-learning and coproduction between university and industry. We describe the process of a six-year longitudinal collaborative action research project including six cases and three phases, initialization, implementationand dissemination. The analysis is conducted from a multi-stakeholder perspective; managers, teachers,and practitioners. Overall aim is to reach for a sustainable collaborative competence e-learning model(CCeM) that will increase industrial employees' competences. Main contribution is that co-production of knowledge entails three levels of activities among actors; to have insight into the purposes and practicesof others, the capacity to transform the problems of a practice and together build common knowledge and finally the capacity of mutually co-produce knowledge acted upon in practice towards transformations in the workplace.

  • 12.
    Hattinger, Monika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes.
    Eriksson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes.
    Malmsköld, Lennart
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Automation Systems.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    E-learning Readiness and Absorptive Capacity in the Manufacturing Industry2014In: International Journal of Advanced Corporate Learning, ISSN 1867-5565, E-ISSN 1867-5565, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 33-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The manufacturing industry constantly strive to develop the competencies of their expert production engineers in order to achieve and maintain a competitive advantage. Research shows that the absorptive capacity of a firm is central in order to reach such a goal. The absorptive capacity is the firm´s ability to recognize the value of new external information, assimilate it, and apply it to commercial ends, and thereby exploit the conditions for innovation. In this paper the concept of absorptive capacity is used as a lens for analyzing managerial rationales for engaging in technology enhanced competence development projects. Through interviews with key informants in 15 manufacturing firms we study the capabilities and readiness that organizations need for participation in e-learning initiatives. We present a framework of readiness for technology enhanced competence development comprised of the following interrelated constructs; awareness, e-learning maturity, dynamic capability and co-creativity. Results show a broad variation of levels within the constructs among the firms. Notable is the low level of e-learning maturity and dynamic capability. We argue that e-learning maturity is dependent on all four constructs.

  • 13.
    Hattinger, Monika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes.
    Eriksson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes.
    Malmsköld, Lennart
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Automation Systems. Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Product and Production Development,.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Work-Integrated Learning and Co-creation of Knowledge: Design of collaborative technology enhanced learning activities2014In: Proceedings of the 37th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia (IRIS 37) / [ed] Ahmad Ghazawneh, Jacob Nørbjerg and Jan Pries-Heje, Ringsted, 2014, p. 1-15Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we aim to understand management’s perceptions of knowledge and competence development to inform the design of technology enhanced learning activities integrated in the workplace. Work-integrated learning can be viewed with the university lens on studies of formal education integrated in the workplace setting, but here we rather emphasize the conditions of the workplace as implications for design of successful e-learning initiatives. We conducted interviews with 15 manufacturing industries in Sweden and used qualitative content analysis approach to interpret the text data. Results show that companies describe a rich variation of work-integrated learning activities, but the step towards external collaboration with academia for co-production of knowledge is marginal. Also, broad-minded work for innovations is limited. This imply the need for well-planned design of richer collaborative acitivites between academia and organizations through use of media technology to encourage competence development.

  • 14. Håkansson, Johan
    et al.
    Skoog, Emil
    Eriksson K. M., Kristina M
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    A review of assembly line balancing and sequencing including line layouts2008In: Proceedings of PLANs forsknings- och tillämpningskonferens, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper comprises a literature review focused on mixed-model assembly line balancing and sequencing problems, including different line layouts. The study was undertaken in collaboration with a company to assist in mapping current state of the art. Balancing problems affect businesses long-term strategic decisions and are complex problems with regard to installation and rebalancing of assembly lines. Sequencing concerns decisions of short-term problem. Sequencing approaches include: level scheduling, mixed-model sequencing and car sequencing. Level scheduling constructs a sequence of variants to create efficient deliveries supported by the just-in-time concept, whereas both car- and mixed-model sequencing aim to minimise violations of a work station’s capacity through constructing a sequence, which alternates variants with high and low work intensity. Five layouts were considered: single-, mixed-model-, multi-model-, two-sided- and u-shaped assembly lines. These layouts were evaluated on the basis of the manufactured product(s), size and space at the production plant, economic resources, number of required operators and machinery. Following a thorough investigation of the literature, a substantial gap between academic discussions and real world practical applications was identified. The aim of forthcoming work is therefore to put this theory into practice.

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