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  • 1.
    Aretun, Åsa
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Berg, Jessica
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Henriksson, Malin
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Henriksson, Per
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Ihlström, Jonas
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human Factors in the Transport System.
    Janhäll, Sara
    RISE.
    Eric, Sjögren
    Cykelpoolen i Sverige AB.
    Silvander, Therese
    Energikontor Norra Småland.
    GoMate – Diversifierad elfordonspool för den förtätade staden: slutrapport2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the GoMate project, EV sharing services has been tested in two residential areas located in the central city of Jönköping; services consisting of e-bikes, e-cargo bikes and e-cars. The aim of the project has been to investigate whether and to what extent EV sharing services can contribute to reduced car use in favor of the use of more sustainable mobility solutions. The results show that a diversified EV club has the potential to reduce car use. It is mainly the e-bike that replaces car trips for everyday travel, which in the long term can reduce car holdings in favor of the use of e-car services for occasional travel.

    However, if the potential is to be realized, price and business models are required for these services that stimulate reduced car use, considered as a process that can be expected to occur gradually over time. Such a process also needs to be supported by policy instruments and measures that limit car use in central city areas.

    If the potential is to be realized, the services also need to be scaled up considerably with respect to the number of vehicles per apartment. Although there was a relatively large EV club with a total of 17 (of which 15 were bicycles) vehicles for 160 households, which were tested in the project, it only had the capacity to supply a very small proportion of the residents' total travel, and with very little effects regarding reduction in energy use and carbon emissions.

  • 2.
    Berg, Jessica
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Henriksson, Malin
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Ihlström, Jonas
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human Factors in the Transport System.
    Comfort First! Vehicle-Sharing Systems in Urban Residential Areas: The Importance for Everyday Mobility and Reduction of Car Use among Pilot Users2019In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 9, article id 2521Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore to what extent a vehicle-sharing system (VSS) that includes electric bicycles and cars, connected to a block of apartments in a middle-sized city in Sweden, can cater for individuals' everyday mobility needs and reduce the need to own a car. The study connects to two different research areas: the usage of VSS and mobility transitions through pilot projects. Our results show a reluctance to voluntarily sacrifice comfort regarding everyday energy use. Owning and using a private car is to a high degree interpreted as convenient. The results from this study suggest that a VSS has the potential to satisfy mobility needs for people living in urban areas. However, in order for it to be successful, both in terms of satisfying mobility needs as well as being regarded as an attractive alternative to private car ownership, we argue that reconfiguration of modal choice and accessibility on different sociotechnical levels is a necessity. Interventions such as satisfactory public transport and better infrastructure for cycling and walking are suggested, as well as stricter parking regulations, banning cars in certain areas and making car use and ownership more expensive. In other words, the deployment of both soft and hard measures in combination is necessary.

  • 3.
    Berg, Jessica
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Ihlström, Jonas
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human Factors in the Transport System.
    Henriksson, Malin
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Bilisters användande av parkeringsanläggningar i centrala Göteborg: Orsaker, behov och konsekvenser för olika grupper2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Current trends in municipal parking policy show that the number of centrally located parking spaces is reducing. About 5 000 parking spaces will disappear in Gothenburg in the next few years. The purpose of this study is to investigate the reasons why people use parking facilities in central Gothenburg. The study is based on interviews with a total of 71 motorists at three parking facilities in central Gothenburg. Ideal types have been used as an analytic tool to highlight the essence of the interviews and put them into a context. Nine ideal types were identified in the interview material that describe why people use the car and parking facilities in central Gothenburg, such as lack of alternatives to the car, stressful everyday life, seasonal use, the car as a right, to bridge long distances, pragmatism, and for tourism. The results show that incentives to drive a car and the ability to choose transport modes are influenced by everyday structures as well as attitudes and experiences associated with different transport modes and transport systems. The conclusions are that the more complex everyday life people have, the more the working life and private life will be affected by parking measures. Public transport is perceived to be inadequate and time consuming, but many also consider public transport as a good alternative to the car.

  • 4.
    Book, Karin
    et al.
    Malmö Högskola.
    Henriksson, Malin
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Levin, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Svensson, Åse
    Lunds universitet.
    Kollektivtrafikens roll i resenärens vardagsliv: Litteraturöversikt2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande litteraturöversikt visar på i första hand bredden i tidigare och pågående forsknings- och utredningsarbete om resenärer i kollektivtrafiken. Översikten tar avstamp med ett kapitel om studier av resenärers beteende, preferenser och attityder.  Där beskrivs studier av beteendevetenskaplig karaktär om bland annat kvalitet i kollektivtrafiken och om välbefinnande hos resenärer, baserade på resenärers utsagor och beteenden. Därefter kommer ett kapitel som beskriver studier om resandet och vardagslivets komplexitet, vilket bland annat handlar om resande och tid, samt aktiviteter i samband med kollektivtrafikresor och vad människor gör när de reser med kollektivtrafik (utöver att förflytta sig från en plats till en annan). Vidare beskriver vi i ett kapitel studier om tillgänglighet. Dels handlar det om fysisk tillgänglighet med fokus på fordon, stations- och hållplatsmiljöer; dels handlar det om sociala aspekter på tillgänglighet och om resenärers upplevelser och erfarenheter av tillgänglighet i och till kollektivtrafiken.

    Ett kapitel beskriver olika resenärsgrupper och deras erfarenheter, vilket är ett omfattande område där flera olika sätt att kategorisera resenärer går att skönja i tidigare studier; såsom ålder (barn, unga, äldre), kön (jämställdhet), resenärer med funktionsnedsättningar, pendlare, arbetsresor, skolresor, fritidsresor. Vidare följer ett kapitel om studier av trygghet och säkerhet i kollektivtrafiken och dess miljöer samt ett kapitel om metoder och prognosmodeller som används i planeringen.

    I ett avslutande kapitel diskuterar vi vad som framträder via den forskning och utredningsverksamhet som kartlagts i litteraturöversikten. Vad behöver beforskas mer och hur ser kunskapsluckorna ut? Hela resan är ett område som vi ser har utvecklingspotential i förhållande till tidigare studier. Likaså tror vi att man inom kollektivtrafiken behöver öka kunskapen om resenärerna för att kunna möta behoven i deras vardagsliv. Utvecklingen av komplementära metoder och modeller för prognoser i planeringen är också ett angeläget område, liksom att planera för hållbart resande.

     

  • 5.
    Henriksson, Malin
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    The ‘I’ in sustainable planning: Constructions of users within municipal planning for sustainable mobility2019In: Integrating Gender into Transport Planning: From One to Many Tracks / [ed] Christina Lindkvist ScholtenTanja Joelsson, Palgrave Macmillan , 2019, p. 177-197Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    An important quest for a feminist transport agenda is that policy and practice reflect a diverse set of experiences. This chapter explores how professionals understand sustainable mobility and how their understandings are linked to gendered relations. The analysis shows that professionals use their own experiences of travelling as a source of knowledge. Their understandings of sustainable mobility are built on their own middle-class and family-oriented experiences. Sustainable mobility is thus constructed as something desirable but difficult for families to choose since car offers a flexibility that cycling and public transport don’t. This understanding excludes users who lack resources such as car. The chapter concludes with a suggestion for expanding professionals’ knowledge bases, which can support a future feminist transport agenda.

  • 6.
    Henriksson, Malin
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Aretun, Åsa
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Åtgärder för att frigöra parkeringsplatser för besöksparkering och potentiella konsekvenser för arbetspendlare: en analys av parkering som social praktik2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A growing number of municipalities are using parking as a planning tool in order to create more attractive cities with fewer cars. Effectively designed parking strategies could contribute to a more equitable urban environment with cleaner air and higher degree of accessibility. The purpose of the study is to examine why visitor parking is used for workplace parking and how this situation can change. The basis for the study is fifty qualitative interviews conducted in a medium-sized Swedish town in strategically located car parks. Five different types of mobility styles are identified: the sustainable traveler, the comfortable motorist, the stressed motorist, the country side-motorist and the motorist that needs the car during work days. The groups that are most vulnerable to changes that make it more difficult or expensive to park in the city are the groups with complex everyday life mobility patterns, as well as groups that lives in remote places with limited access to public transport. The study also confirms that many of the informants are not habitual motorists, but use public transport or bicycles when possible. It is of relevance to support parking measurements that encourage individuals to use public transport or cycle when possible, rather than measurements that legitimize habitual car driving.

  • 7.
    Henriksson, Malin
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Berg, Jessica
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Karlsson, Jenny
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Traffic analysis and logistics.
    Rogerson, Sara
    SSPA.
    Winslott Hiselius, Lena
    LTH.
    Köpa mat online?: effekter av ökad e-handel för person- och godstransporter i ett växande e-handelssamhälle2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, e-commerce of food has increased substantially. Today, calculations of e-commerce’s energy efficiency potential build on estimates and assumptions rather than knowledge of the industry and its customers. This study generates in-depth knowledge of what it means from a transport perspective that companies instead of individuals are responsible for transporting food to the home. The main purpose of this project is to analyze effects as a result of increased online food shopping and to identify factors that enable realization of potential energy savings potential. This is done from a regional perspective and in a Swedish context. The purpose has been achieved through a review of the prerequisites for energy-efficient distribution solutions for e-commerce offers, and through interviews with existing and potential e-commerce customers’ preferences, experiences and behaviors.

    The results indicate that e-commerce has a significant theoretical potential. However, this require that effective routes replace purchase trips with private cars. Today, due to continued frequent car trips to food stores, e-commerce does not replace purchase trips sufficiently enough. In order for the potential to be achieved, there is a need for an expanded customer base and urban planning that prioritizes walking, biking and public transport, and that raises city logistics as a strategic issue and finally that locates food stores close to people’s homes.

  • 8.
    Henriksson, Malin
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Friberg, Emma
    Östergötlands museum.
    Kusmin, Elin
    Östergötlands museum.
    Otterbeck, Emelie
    "Om nåt skulle hända": Ett gestaltningsprojekt om ungas upplevelser av otrygghet i utemiljöer2016Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Under 2016 producerade Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut (VTI) tillsammans med Östergötlands museum en vandringsutställning om ungas upplevelser av otrygghet. Projektet finansierades av Boverket inom utlysningen ”stöd till utvecklingsprojekt för jämställda offentliga miljöer i städer och tätorter”.  

    Projektet utgår från problematiken att ungdomars upplevelser av otrygghet sällan kommer till uttryck i stadsplaneringen. Inte heller i forskningen om upplevelser av våld och otrygghet i det offentliga rummet uppmärksammas ungdomar i särskilt hög grad. Samtidigt förflyttar sig ungdomar som grupp mer än andra grupper och vistas i högre grad utomhus. De är också utomhus på andra tidpunkter än vuxna, på kvällen och natten. Vidare är ungdomar, oavsett kön, mer utsatta för våld utomhus än andra grupper. Det är därför att utveckla nya verktyg för att belysa ungdomars erfarenheter av otrygghet i utomhusmiljöer.

    Underlaget för utställningen utgjordes av gruppintervjuer med ett fyrtiotal ungdomar (killar, tjejer och transpersoner) mellan 13 och 20 år. Den feministiska metoden minnesarbete användes för att underlätta samtal om trygghet, otrygghet och rädsla. Metoden går ut på att deltagarna i en grupp skriver individuella minnen på ett på förhand bestämt tema. Minnena tolkas sedan kollektivt i gruppen.

    Intervjuerna tolkades och bearbetades av projektgruppen. Utifrån tolkningsprocessen gestaltades ungdomarnas erfarenheter dels fotografiskt och dels i text. Fyra fiktiva karaktärer togs fram och i utställningen får besökaren följa dem hem. Milo, David, Jo och Semira har alla olika erfarenheter och upplever olika moment i staden och hemresan som otrygga. Vidare togs en pedagogisk handledning fram. Den pedagogiska handledningen innehåller förslag på övningar som fördjupar utställningens teman. Den fungerar som ett stöd för skolor som hyr utställningen och kan användas av lärare i undervisningen. Pedagoger från Östergötlands museum kan vidare leda lektioner som bygger på handledningen om skolan så önskar.

    Projektet avslutades med en fyra veckor lång turné där ungdomar i olika åldrar fick ta del av utställningen och arbeta med den pedagogiskt. Turnén utvärderades med genomgående goda resultat.

    Projektet bidrar avslutningsvis till att stärka planeringen av jämställda miljöer på två sätt. För det första ger utställningen insikter om hur unga människor upplever trygghet i utemiljöer. För det andra är utställningen ett verktyg som gör det möjligt att praktiskt arbeta med frågorna pedagogiskt i skolmiljöer, eller i stadsplaneringssammanhang med planerare och andra aktörer.

  • 9.
    Niska, Anna
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Infrastructure, Infrastructure maintenance.
    Henriksson, Malin
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Anund, Anna
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human Factors in the Transport System.
    Eriksson, Jenny
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Traffic Safety and Traffic System.
    Ihlström, Jonas
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human Factors in the Transport System.
    Svedberg, Wanna
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Environment.
    Wallén Warner, Henriette
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Wehtje, Philip
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics.
    Cykling bland barn och unga: en kunskapssammanställning2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Cycling among children and young adults has decreased, resulting in negative effects on their health and independent mobility. The Swedish government has commissioned VTI to review and compile knowledge on plausible reasons, based on literature reviews, contacts with relevant players and analyses of travel surveys and accident statistics. The statistics showed that the number of individuals who cycle has decreased, whereas the cycled distance remains unchanged. Above all, recreational cycling among children and young adults has decreased, which could be explained by longer distances to recreational activities, more parents working full-time and children’s everyday lives having become more institutionalised. Cycling to school has also decreased. Among other things, families being able to choose what school the children attend has resulted in greater distances between the home and the school. Other reasons include households owning more cars, changes in the way children play and communicate, and inadequate actual and perceived safety conditions along cycle lanes combined with parents’ perceptions of their children’s highway skills. Cycling has been partially replaced by car journeys, but mainly by walking and use of public transport. Cycling has decreased the most among older children. As they have primarily replaced cycling by public transport, one explanation could be that more of them are offered free bus passes. There is a great commitment and competency among various players regarding cycling among children and young adults. However, there is a great need for better coordination and for actions and measures taken to be systematically evaluated.

  • 10.
    Levin, Lena (Contributor)
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Henriksson, Malin (Contributor)
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Book, Karin (Editor)
    Westerdahl, Stig (Editor)
    Kollektivtrafik i storstadens skugga: Krönikor från Living lab i Uddevalla2019Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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