Endre søk
Begrens søket
1 - 45 of 45
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Treff pr side
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
Merk
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 1.
    Anderson, Atholl
    et al.
    Australian Natl Univ, Dept Archaeol & Nat Hist, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia..
    Stothert, Karen
    Univ Texas San Antonio, Dept Anthropol, San Antonio, TX 78249 USA..
    Martinsson-Wallin, Helene
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Wallin, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Flett, Iona
    Australian Natl Univ, Dept Archaeol & Nat Hist, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia..
    Haberle, Simon
    Heijnis, Henk
    Australian Nucl Sci & Technol Org, Inst Environm Res, Kirrawee DC, NSW 2232, Australia..
    Rhodes, Edward
    Univ Sheffield, Dept Geog, Sheffield S10 2TN, S Yorkshire, England..
    Reconsidering Precolumbian Human Colonization In The Galapagos Islands, Republic Of Ecuador2016Inngår i: Latin American antiquity, ISSN 1045-6635, E-ISSN 2325-5080, Vol. 27, nr 2, s. 169-183Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Fifty years ago, Heyerdahl and Skjolsvold (1956, 1990) collected material from five archaeological sites in the Galapagos Islands. They retained earthenwares of possible precolumbian origin and discarded ceramic, metal, and glass artifacts postdating the arrival of the Spanish in A.D. 1535. Consequently, they argued that each site was formed as the results of a series of discard events from unrelated short-term occupations extending from the precolumbian to the historical era, and that the earthenwares represented occasional visits by fishermen from precolumbian Peru and Ecuador. In 2005, we re -excavated the sites and collected all the excavated materials. Our results show that each class of material, irrespective of age or origin, was distributed spatially and stratigraphically in the same pattern, contradicting the former assumption of multiple, unrelated occupations. We reject the palimpsest model in favor of the null hypothesis of single-phase site occupation. Analysis of putatively precolumbian pottery using optically-stimulated luminescence dating indicates that it is mostly of historical age. Radiocarbon dating confirms that the archaeological sites are younger than the sixteenth century. Research on sedimentary cores shows probable anthropogenic impacts as restricted to the last 500 years. We conclude that there was no human occupation in the Galapagos Islands until the historical era.

  • 2.
    Apel, Jan
    et al.
    Lund Univ LUX, Dept Archaeol & Ancient Hist, Box 192, Lund, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, Osteoarchaeol Res Lab, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Wallin, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Stora, Jan
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, Osteoarchaeol Res Lab, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Possnert, Göran
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, För teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten gemensamma enheter, Tandemlaboratoriet.
    Early Holocene human population events on the island of Gotland in the Baltic Sea (9200-3800 cal. BP)2018Inngår i: Quaternary International, ISSN 1040-6182, E-ISSN 1873-4553, Vol. 465, s. 276-286Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The summed probability distribution of 162 radiocarbon dates from Gotland was analysed with reference to archaeological and environmental data in order to evaluate possible variations in settlement intensity on the island. The data indicated variations in demographic development on the island, with probably several different colonization events and external influences; the pioneer settlement reached the island around 9200 cal. BP. After the initial colonization, the radiocarbon dates were rather evenly distributed until around 7700-7600 cal. BP, then there was a drop in the number of dates between 8300 and 8000 cal. BP that may be associated with the 8200 cold event. A marked decline in the number of dates between 7600 and 6000 cal. BP may be associated initially with the Littorina I transgression, but this transgression cannot explain why the Late Mesolithic period is not well represented on Gotland: the climatic development was favourable but did not result in increased human activity. The number of radiocarbon dates indicated that the population size remained low until around 6000 cal. BP, after which there was a gradual increase that reached a first 'threshold' after 5600 cal. BP and a second 'threshold' after 4500 cal. BP. The first apparent population increase was associated with the appearance of the Funnel Beaker Culture (FBC) and the second with Pitted Ware Culture (PWC) complexes. A decline in the number of dates occurred after 4300 cal. BP, i.e. towards the Late Neolithic. There was an association between the frequency distributions of the radiocarbon dates and the number of stray finds from different time periods but any correlation was not straightforward. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. All rights reserved.

  • 3.
    Fraser, Magdalena
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Sanchez-Quinto, Federico
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution.
    Evans, Jane
    Natural Environment Research Council, Isotope Geosciences Laboratory, British Geological Survey, Keyworth, Nottingham NG12 5GG, UK.
    Storå, Jan
    Osteoarchaeological Research Laboratory, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Götherström, Anders
    Archaeological Research Laboratory, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wallin, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Jakobsson, Mattias
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution.
    New insights on cultural dualism and population structure in the MiddleNeolithic Funnel Beaker culture on the island of Gotland2018Inngår i: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, ISSN 2352-409X, E-ISSN 2352-4103, Vol. 17, s. 325-334Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years it has been shown that the Neolithization of Europe was partly driven by migration of farming groups admixing with local hunter-gatherer groups as they dispersed across the continent. However, little research has been done on the cultural duality of contemporaneous foragers and farming populations in the same region. Here we investigate the demographic history of the Funnel Beaker culture [Trichterbecherkultur or TRB, c. 4000–2800 cal BCE], and the sub-Neolithic Pitted Ware culture complex [PWC, c. 3300–2300 cal BCE] during the Nordic Middle Neolithic period on the island of Gotland, Sweden. We use a multidisciplinary approach to investigate individuals buried in the Ansarve dolmen, the only confirmed TRB burial on the island. We present new radiocarbon dating, isotopic analyses for diet and mobility, and mitochondrial DNA haplogroup data to infer maternal inheritance. We also present a new Sr-baseline of 0.71208 ± 0.0016 for the local isotope variation. We compare and discuss our findings together with that of contemporaneous populations in Sweden and the North European mainland.

    The radiocarbon dating and Strontium isotopic ratios show that the dolmen was used between c. 3300–2700 cal BCE by a population which displayed local Sr-signals. Mitochondrial data show that the individuals buried in the Ansarve dolmen had maternal genetic affinity to that of other Early and Middle Neolithic farming cultures in Europe, distinct from that of the contemporaneous PWC on the island. Furthermore, they exhibited a strict terrestrial and/or slightly varied diet in contrast to the strict marine diet of the PWC. The findings indicate that two different contemporary groups coexisted on the same island for several hundred years with separate cultural identity, lifestyles, as well as dietary patterns.

  • 4.
    Fraser, Magdalena
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution.
    Sjödin, Per
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution.
    Sanchez-Quinto, Federico
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution.
    Evans, Jane
    Natural Environment Research Council, Isotope Geosciences Laboratory, British Geological Survey, Keyworth, Nottingham NG12 5GG, UK.
    Svedjemo, Gustaf
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Götherström, Anders
    Archaeological Research Laboratory, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jakobsson, Mattias
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution.
    Wallin, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Storå, Jan
    Osteoarchaeological Research Laboratory, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
    The Stone Cist Conundrum: A multidisciplinary approach to investigate Late Neolithic/ Early Bronze Age population demography on the Island of Gotland2018Inngår i: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, ISSN 2352-409X, E-ISSN 2001-1199, Vol. 20, s. 324-337Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Late Neolithic period in Scandinavia [LN, c. 2350-1700 cal BCE] marks a time of considerable changes in settlement patterns, economy, and material culture. This shift also lays the foundation for the demographic developments in the Early Bronze Age [EBA, c. 1700-1100 cal BCE]. However, little is presently known regarding the developments from these time-periods on the island of Gotland in the Baltic Sea. During the Middle Neolithic period [MN, c. 3300-2350 cal BCE], Gotland was inhabited by groups associated with the Funnel Beaker culture [TRB, c. 4000-2700 cal BCE], and the sub-Neolithic Pitted Ware culture [PWC, c. 3300-2300 cal BCE]. Some indications of connections with the Bathe Axe/Corded Ware cultures [BAC/CWC, c. 2800-2300 cal BCE] have also been found, but no typical BAC/CWC burials have been located on the island to date. Here, we investigate the chronological and internal relationship of twenty-three individuals buried in four LN/EBA stone cist burials; Haffinds, Hagur, Suderkvie, and Utalskog on Gotland. We present eleven mitochondrial genomes [from 23 X to 1271 X coverage], and twenty-three new radiocarbon dates, as well as stable isotope data for diet. We examine the local Sr-baseline range for Gotland, and present new Sr-data to discuss mobility patterns of the individuals. The genetic results are compared and discussed in light of earlier cultural periods from Gotland [TRB and PWC], and CWC from the European continent, as well as contemporaneous LN secondary burials in the MN Ansarve dolmen. We find that all burials were used into the EBA, but only two of the cists showed activity already during the LN. We also see some mobility to Gotland during the LN/EBA period based on Strontium and mitochondrial data. We see a shift in the dietary pattern compared to the preceding period on the island [TRB and PWC], and the two LN individuals from the Ansarve dolmen exhibited different dietary and mobility patterns compared to the individuals from the LN/EBA stone cist burials. We find that most of the cist burials were used by individuals local to the area of the burials, with the exception of the large LN/EBA Haffinds cist burial which showed higher levels of mobility. Our modeling of ancestral mitochondrial contribution from chronologically older individuals recovered in the cultural contexts of TRB, PWC and CWC show that the best model is a 55/45 mix of CWC and TRB individuals. A 3-way model with a slight influx from PWC [5%] also had a good fit. This is difficult to reconcile with the current archaeological evidence on the island. We suggest that the maternal CWC/TRB contribution we see in the local LN/EBA individuals derives from migrants after the Scandinavian MN period, which possible also admixed with smaller local groups connected with the PWC. Further genomic analyses of these groups on Gotland will help to clarify the demographic history during the MN to EBA time periods.

  • 5.
    Martinsson-Wallin, Helene
    et al.
    Högskolan på Gotland, Avdelningen för Arkeologi och osteologi.
    Paul, Wallin
    Högskolan på Gotland, Avdelningen för Arkeologi och osteologi.
    Clark, Geoffrey
    Australian National University.
    The excavations of Pulemelei site 2002-20042007Inngår i: Archaeology in Oceania, ISSN 0003-8121, Vol. 42, s. 41-59Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 6.
    Martinsson-Wallin, Helene
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Wallin, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Spatial Perspectives on Ceremonial Complexes: Testing Traditional Land Divisions on Rapa Nui2014Inngår i: Monuments and people in the Pacific / [ed] Helene Martinsson-Wallin and Timothy Thomas, Uppsala: Uppsala University, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History , 2014, 1, s. 317-342Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 7.
    Martinsson-Wallin, Helene
    et al.
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Wallin, Paul
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    The story of the only (?) megalith grave on Gotland Island2010Inngår i: Documenta Praehistorica, ISSN 1408-967X, Vol. 37, s. 77-84Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we discuss the easternmost material expression of the Funnel Beaker Culture – a megalith grave on the west coast of Gotland Island in the Baltic Sea. The people who built and used the megalith brought the Neolithic lifestyle to Gotland. The biography of this monument includes two excavations, of which we participated in the latest in 1984. Our osteological analysis confirms that some thirty individuals of both sexes and various ages were buried there. The structure of the monument is that of a rectangular dolmen. This paper discusses the discovery of this specific site, and explores the existence of this type of monument in a Gotland context. Furthermore, is this really the only megalith on Gotland, or are more of these structures yet to be recognised? Finally, one may ask if the Neolithic way of life really was successful on Gotland.

  • 8.
    Martinsson-Wallin, Helene
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Wallin, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Anderson, Atholl
    Australian National University.
    Solsvik, Reidar
    The Kon-Tiki Museum.
    Chronogeographic Variation in Initial East Polynesian Construction of Monumental Ceremonial Sites2013Inngår i: Journal of island and coastal archaeology, ISSN 1556-4894, Vol. 8, nr 3, s. 405-421Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the orthodox model of change in East Polynesian material culture,the riseofmonumentalceremonial sites is predicted as occurring earlierin the central archipelagos than at the margins. We have used existingand new radiocarbon dates from marae and ahu respectively to testthis proposition in relation to the Society Islands and Easter Island(Rapa Nui). The data contradict the anticipated trend by showing thatthe initial phase of complex ceremonial sites began earlier, ca. cal AD1300–1400 on Rapa Nui than in the Societies, ca. cal AD 1400–1600.Different explanations are canvassed. The sample size used here is stillquite small; future investigations and larger sample sizes may changeor confirm the results.

  • 9.
    Martinsson-Wallin, Helene
    et al.
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Wallin, Paul
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Apel, Jan
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Prehistoric lifestyles on Gotland: Diachronic and Synchronic perspectives2011Inngår i: Archaeologia Lituana, ISSN 1392-6748, Vol. 12, s. 142-153Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Österholm (1989) suggested that it was the same population group who inhabit Gotland territory from the Mesolithic until the Bronze Age. She is of the opinion that the dramatic environmental changes were the decisive factor of the various lifestyle approaches and settlement patterns seen over time, a period of 7000 years. New research and diachronic and synchronic perspectives show that these patterns are not so simple and straight forward. Interactivity between changes in natural, social and cultural milieu are all driving forces at play in the lifestyle approaches, settlement patterns, social formations and external influences indicated on Gotland in prehistoric times.

  • 10.
    Sjöstrand, Alexander
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Wallin, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Rapport från arkeologisk undersökning vid Ajvide 2:1 2017 Eksta 171:12017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den arkeologiska undersökningen vid fornlämningen Eksta 171:1, Ajvide 2:1, Gotland år 2017 har utförts i samband med utbildningen för arkeologistudenter Avancerad fältkurs 15hp (5AR767) under perioden 2017-04-24 – 2017-06-02 vid Uppsala universitet - Campus Gotland. Undersökningen är en fortsättning på tidigare undersökningar av platsen som utförts mellan åren 1983-1987 samt 1992-2009 (Norderäng 2001-2010, Österholm 2008). Årets undersökning är del av Alexander Sjöstrands doktorandprojekt "Changes, activities and bones" vid Uppsala universitet - Campus Gotland. Projektet avser att skapa en större förståelse för lokalen Ajvide och den gropkeramiska kulturen på Gotland.

  • 11.
    Solsvik, Reidar
    et al.
    The Kon-Tiki Museum.
    Wallin, Paul
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Time and Temples: Chronology of Marae Structuresin the Society Islands2010Inngår i: The Gotland Papers: Selected Papers from the VII International Conference on Easter Island and the Pacific : Migration, Identity, and Cultural Heritage / [ed] Paul Wallin, Helene Martinsson Wallin, 2010, s. 269-284Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we give an overview of the chronological evidence from four field seasons of excavating marae sites on Huahine, in the Leeward group of the Society Islands. We also briefly discuss our findings in light of earlier work, mainly done on the islands of the Windward group. Since the beginning of scientific research in Polynesia it has been assumed that the Society Islands marae complex developed early. This may not be the case, and it is possible that these temple sites did not play an important part in Society Islands religious practices or socio-political structure until after AD 1500.

  • 12.
    Wallin, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Analyser och tolkningar av begravningspraktiker hos mellanneolitisk gropkeramisk kultur på Gotland: med Ajvidelokalen i fokus2017Inngår i: Arkeologi på Gotland 2: Tillbakablickar och nya forskningsrön / [ed] Paul Wallin och Helene Martinsson-Wallin, Visby: Uppsala universitet, 2017, s. 117-128Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 13.
    Wallin, Paul
    Högskolan på Gotland, Avdelningen för Arkeologi och osteologi.
    Ceremonial stone structures: the archaeology and ethnohistory of the marae complex in the Society Islands, French Polynesia1993Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 14.
    Wallin, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Chiefs, Fashion and Zeitgeist: Exclusion as an Expension Strategy in Kinship Based Groups in the Society Islands2014Inngår i: Monuments and People in the Pacific / [ed] Helene Martinsson-Wallin & Timothy Thomas, Uppsala: Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Uppsala University , 2014, , s. 297-316s. 297-316Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I argue that chiefs created the contemporary fashion of ceremonial sites (marae) and that this was a phenomenon that we may call the zeitgeist (spirit of the time) of the Society Islands that extended far beyond the local sphere. This is based on the fact that memory based societies are driven by spontaneous subjective actions, which allow such changes, since only accepted ideas are remembered. A House Society model is explored to explain how certain chiefs successfully dominated larger areas and expressed power through domestic and ritual material remains. Their status position in society made it possible for the chiefs to exclude, as well as to include, others by help of such material expressions as well as by threats of war, through their war god missionaries, the arioi society. Intermarriages between powerful chiefly houses in different islands have been additional important factors to form alliances and create access to land e.g. to legitimize power relations. Ceremonial sites, generally called marae, were the important material expression of this power game. They were the focal points of important decisions in society, and the place where humans met with the gods. They were ritual sites, as well as memorial places tied to genealogies, mythologies and land titles. These monuments went through constant changes since re-building and additions were necessary to keep their functions alive.

  • 15.
    Wallin, Paul
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Contextual Interpretations of Archery Platforms in the Society Islands1998Inngår i: Easter Island in Pacific context: South Seas symposium : proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Easter Island and East Polynesia, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, 5-10 August 1997 / [ed] Christopher M. Stevenson, Georgia Lee & F.J. Morin, Los Osos (Calif.): Easter Island Foundation , 1998, s. 199-204Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 16.
    Wallin, Paul
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Historical records and archaeological excavations of two "national" marae complexes on Huahine, Society Islands, French Polynesia: a preliminary report2005Inngår i: Rapa Nui Journal, ISSN 1040-1385, Vol. 19, nr 1, s. 13-24Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 17.
    Wallin, Paul
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    How marae change: In modern times, for example2004Inngår i: Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association, Vol. 24, s. 153-158Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 18.
    Wallin, Paul
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    In search of rituals and group dynamics: correspondence analyses of Neolithic grave fields on the Island of Gotland in the Baltic Sea2010Inngår i: Documenta Praehistorica, ISSN 1408-967X, Vol. 37, s. 65-75Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, I analyze two Neolithic grave fields on Gotland (at Visby and Västerbjers) belonging to the Scandinavian Pitted Ware culture. The burials at the two sites are of males and females from all different age groups. They were buried with some variability concerning grave rituals and grave gifts. The aim of this paper is therefore to make a relational multi-varied Correspondence Analysis of the individuals and their artefact variations to enable new contextual interpretations.

  • 19.
    Wallin, Paul
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Neolithic Monuments on Gotland: Material Expressions of the Domestication Process2010Inngår i: Baltic Prehistoric Interactions and Transformations: the Neolithic to the Bronze Age / [ed] Helene Martinsson-Wallin, Visby: Gotland University , 2010, s. 39-61Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I will summarise the evidence of monumental architecture during theNeolithic period on the island of Gotland. The archaeological record shows the presence of onlyone confirmed and one suggested Megalith structure, of Dolmen-type on the Island. The humanskeletal remains found here indicate collective burials including individuals of both sexes and ofvarious ages. Another stone monument, which might be interpreted as a Causeway structure (Sarup-type,) may derive from the Neolithic time. During the middle Neolithic (Pitted Ware Culturephase) there is an absence of stone grave architecture and the burials from this time are found inshallow oval pits, often as individualised and single burials. In the Late Neolithic, stone cist burialsappear and they are distributed all around the Island. These usually contain one or a fewindividuals and are in some cases covered by Early Bronze Age cairns, indicating continuous useat the sites into this period. These changes in the burial practises during the Neolithic demonstratea trend towards a higher degree of selectivity among the individuals buried, which may indicate atrend towards a higher level of stratification in the society.

  • 20.
    Wallin, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Perfect Death: Examples of Pitted Ware Ritualisation of the Dead2015Inngår i: Ancient Death Ways: Proceedings of the workshop on archaeology and mortuary practices. Uppsala, 16–17 May 2013, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2015, s. 47-64Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    To handle death may be a difficult task for the living. The deathof a person creates a turbulent situation that needs to be resolved.Ritual actions and burial practices performed within the frameworkof the prevailing social norms are a way to deal with conflictsand changed power relations. This paper deals with such issuesexemplified by the Pitted Ware burial practices seen in theburial ground at Ajvide, Eksta Parish on Gotland. The burial expressionsobserved from this site indicate the use of different ritualsin the treatment of the dead. These are visible by bodies buriedin the supine position in single, or sometimes in double or triplegraves, while some consist of individuals in a “package” where thebody must have been in a state of decay when buried. Well over athousand identified human bone fragments found in the culturallayers indicate bodies that may have been exposed above groundor used secondarily and ultimately dispersed in the area. Emptygraves and graves with missing bones also indicate that bones ofdeceased ancestors may have been of importance in the death ritualsthat assured a “Perfect Death”.

  • 21.
    Wallin, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Reviewed book: Kahn, J.G. & Kirch, P.V. Monumentality and Ritual Materialization in the Society Islands: The Archaeology of a Major Ceremonial Complex in the Opunohu Valley, Mo'orea2015Inngår i: Rapa Nui Journal, ISSN 1040-1385, Vol. 29, nr 1, s. 68-70Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 22.
    Wallin, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    The Current Debate on the Existence of Prehistoric Sweet Potato in Polynesia: A Deconstruction of a Problem and Reshaping of the Question2014Inngår i: Thor Heyerdahl's Kon-Tiki in New Light / [ed] Ingjerd Hoëm, Larvik: Thor Heyerdahl Institute , 2014, s. 94-105Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The sweet potato, and its origin, taken as evidence strongly supported Thor Heyerdahl in his arguments that South American Indians found their way out in the Pacific already in prehistoric times. Furthermore, it has been used for decades by other researchers concerning the fact that there must have been some kind of prehistoric contact between the Pacific Islands and South America. This paper will discuss the current state of this issue. Arguments will be deconstructed and the use of the sweet potato as an evidence of contact will be reshaped and viewed in the light of the present research dealing with this famous contact “problem”. The question that should be asked at present is not just what people did with the sweet potato, but also what the sweet potato did to the people.

  • 23.
    Wallin, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    The Current Debate on the Existence of Prehistoric Sweet Potato in Polynesia: A Deconstruction of a Problem and Reshaping of the Question2014Inngår i: Thor Heyerdahl's Kon-Tiki in New Light / [ed] Ingjerd Hoëm, Larvik: Thor Heyerdahl Institute , 2014, s. 94-105Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The sweet potato, and its origin, taken as evidence strongly supported Thor Heyerdahl in his arguments that South American Indians found their way out in the Pacific already in prehistoric times. Furthermore, it has been used for decades by other researchers concerning the fact that there must have been some kind of prehistoric contact between the Pacific Islands and South America. This paper will discuss the current state of this issue. Arguments will be deconstructed and the use of the sweet potato as an evidence of contact will be reshaped and viewed in the light of the present research dealing with this famous contact “problem”. The question that should be asked at present is not just what people did with the sweet potato, but also what the sweet potato did to the people.

  • 24.
    Wallin, Paul
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    “The times they are a-changing” or “Something is happening here” …: Some ideas on change in Marae structures, Society Islands, French Polynesia2001Inngår i: Pacific 2000: Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Easter Island and the Pacific / [ed] C.S. Stevenson, G. Lee, F.J. Morin, Los Osos: Bearsville Press , 2001, s. 239-246Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 25.
    Wallin, Paul
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Three Special Places in East Polynesia2000Inngår i: The Kon-Tiki Museum occasional papers, ISSN 0802-6491, Vol. 5, s. 101-114Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 26.
    Wallin, Paul
    et al.
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Martinsson Wallin, Helene
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Monumental Structures and the Spirit of Chiefly Actions2011Inngår i: Time & Mind, ISSN 1751-696X, E-ISSN 1751-6978, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 43-58Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to discuss changes observed in monumental architecture. As a point of departure we use our previous results and discussions on ceremonial temple structures (marae/ahu concept) in Polynesia. The visible variations of such structures recorded by archaeological research have generally been explained as temporal expressions. However, our research of marae/ahu structures suggests that this may not be the only or even chief explanation as to why these structures differ in appearance. Instead we suggest that changes and variability in the architecture can also be explained as resulting from the dynamics in social relations. We place importance on competition among “chiefs” on an individual level as well as collective decisions within the society concerning the variability of the importance placed on different gods. Our discussions of “place” are founded in reflections on traditional memory, which indicate that these structures through their constant changes are living places which played an active part in the society in which they existed.

  • 27.
    Wallin, Paul
    et al.
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Martinsson Wallin, HeleneHögskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    The Gotland Papers: Selected Papers from the VII International Conference on Easter Island and the Pacific : Migration, Identity, and Cultural Heritage2010Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 28.
    Wallin, Paul
    et al.
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Martinsson Wallin, Helene
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Possnert, Göran
    Ångström Laboratory, Uppsla University.
    Re-dating Ahu Nau Nau and the Settlement at 'Anakena, Rapa Nui2010Inngår i: The Gotland Papers: Selected Papers from the VII International Conference on Easter Island and the Pacific : Migration, Identity, and Cultural Heritage / [ed] Paul Wallin and Helene Martinsson Wallin, Visby: Gotland University , 2010, s. 37-46Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The building phase and early use of Ahu Nau Nau have been re-dated by nine charcoal and rat bone samples. The new dates in comparison with earlier data suggest that the ahu was constructed around 650-550 BP. It is also suggested that a settlement dated to c. 950-900 BP preceded the ahu-building phase. A new question in light of recent research might be raised: Is the earliest settlement on Rapa Nui found at ´Anakena or should we look elsewhere?

  • 29.
    Wallin, Paul
    et al.
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Martinsson-Wallin, Helene
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Excavations at Anakena: The Easter Island Settlement Sequence and Change of Subsistence?1999Inngår i: Easter Island and East Polynesian Prehistory / [ed] Patricia Vargas, Santiago: Universidad de Chile , 1999, s. 179-186Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 30.
    Wallin, Paul
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Martinsson-Wallin, Helene
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Gothemshammar - a Late Bronze Age coastal rampart on Gotland2018Inngår i: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 113, nr 2, s. 65-75Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports the results of a project aiming to use survey and excavation of the Gothemshammar rampart in a digital reconstruction to understand the site in its original landscape setting. Excavations uncovered internal construction details and dateable materials from domestic animals and charcoal. Fifteen AMS dates indicate that the rampart was built and used in the Late Bronze Age, c. 950-700 cal AD.

    Its northern end is situated at a steep scarp towards the current sea shore, and the southern end is in an open slightly sloping terrain, currently about a kilometre from the sea. LiDAR data and an up-to-date shoreline displacement model indicate that the seashore was about so m higher when the rampart was built and used than it is today. The landscape reconstruction shows that the rampart originally cut off a headland on an islet that was strategically located at the mouth of an inland water system.

    To further understand the site's Bronze Age context we made a spatial analysis of features tied to the same time frame, including other monumental structures (stone ships, burial cairns, other ramparts/enclosures) and metalwork hoards. It became evident that all kinds of monuments were mainly located close to the sea shore on capes and islets. We could also see that the monuments, especially the stone ships, were mostly on the north shore of the ancient waterway and that its entry/exit where Gothemshammar is situated served as an important control point for travel into Gotland as well as overseas.

  • 31.
    Wallin, Paul
    et al.
    Högskolan på Gotland, Avdelningen för Arkeologi och osteologi.
    Martinsson-Wallin, Helene
    Högskolan på Gotland, Avdelningen för Arkeologi och osteologi.
    Religious Structures in the Hanga Ho'onu Region2008Inngår i: Prehistoric Rapa Nui: landscape and settlement archaeology at Hanga Ho'onu / [ed] Christopher M. Stevenson and Sonia Haoa Cardinali, Los Osos, CA, USA: Easter Island Foundation , 2008, s. 127-166Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 32.
    Wallin, Paul
    et al.
    Högskolan på Gotland, Avdelningen för Arkeologi och osteologi.
    Martinsson-Wallin, Helene
    Högskolan på Gotland, Avdelningen för Arkeologi och osteologi.
    Settlement Patterns: Social and Ritual Space in Prehistoric Samoa2007Inngår i: Archaeology in Oceania, ISSN 0003-8121, Vol. 42, s. 83-89Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 33.
    Wallin, Paul
    et al.
    Högskolan på Gotland, Avdelningen för Arkeologi och osteologi.
    Martinsson-Wallin, Helene
    Högskolan på Gotland, Avdelningen för Arkeologi och osteologi.
    Clark, Geoffrey
    Australian National University.
    A Radiocarbon Sequence for Samoan Prehistory and the Pulemelei Mound2007Inngår i: Archaeology in Oceania, ISSN 0003-8121, Vol. 42, s. 71-82Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 34.
    Wallin, Paul
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Sjöstrand, Alexander
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Jansson, Jenny ()
    Uvelius, Anton ()
    Rapport från arkeologisk undersökning vid Licksarve 2:1, Raä Tofta 27:1, Gotland2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Stensättningen belägen på ägan Licksarve 2:1 (Tofta 271) tolkades år 1910 som en dös, men under 1920-talet (Hansson 1927) omtolkades den till att vara en förstörd skeppssättning. Under senare tid har diskussionen om konstruktionens ursprungsfunktion åter aktualiserats, eftersom Gotlands hittills enda säkerställda dös belägen i Ansarve har 14C dateraterats till ca 3300-2800 f.Kr. Eftersom konstruktionen i Licksarve ligger endast ca 2 kmfrån Ansarve kan det vara på sin plats att undersöka om även denna stensättning skulle kunna få en liknande datering och om den åter bör omvärderas och faktiskt är en dös (Wallin &Wehlin 2010: 31, Wallin 2018: 1). Utgrävningen av stensättningen under våren 2018 utfördes med hjälp av mastersstudenter på Uppsala universitet, Campus Gotland.

  • 35.
    Wallin, Paul
    et al.
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Solsvik, Reidar
    Kon-Tiki Museum, Oslo, Norway.
    Ancêtres et pratiques rituelles: Fouille de sondage de trois structures de marae à l'exterieur de la zone central de Maeva, Huahine, îles de la Société, Polynésie francaise 20042008Inngår i: Bulletin de la Société des Etudes Océaniennes, nr 313, s. 53-70Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 36.
    Wallin, Paul
    et al.
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Solsvik, Reidar
    Kon-Tiki Museet, Oslo, Norway.
    Archaeological investigations of marae structures in Huahine, Society Islands, French Polynesia: report and discussions2010 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This publication is based on new fieldwork carried out on the island of Huahine, French Polynesia, in the years 2001-2004. The work was done within the frames of the project “Local Developments and Regional Interactions: The Huahine Archaeological Project” in collaboration between the Kon-Tiki Museum in Oslo, Norway, the Ethnographic Museum, Oslo, Norway, the Service de la Culture et du Patrimoine, Papeete, French Polynesia, and  the Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, USA. The work was financed by the Kon-Tiki Museum, the Norwegian Research Council, and the Bishop Museum. The aim of the project was to establish a chronological framework of the marae structures mainly on the island of Huahine in the Leeward Society Islands. However dates were also conducted on earlier collected charcoal from excavated marae structures on the Windward Islands to control the wider context of our local results. Other questions of interest to this study were how the marae structures were located on the landscape, as well as, aspects of their extended uses and modern changes.

  • 37.
    Wallin, Paul
    et al.
    Högskolan på Gotland, Avdelningen för Arkeologi och osteologi.
    Solsvik, Reidar
    Kon-Tiki Museet.
    Dating Ritual Structures in Maeva, Huahine: Assessing the Development of Marae Structures in the Leeward Society Islands, French Polynesia2006Inngår i: Rapa Nui Journal, ISSN 1040-1385, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 9-30Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 38.
    Wallin, Paul
    et al.
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Solsvik, Reidar
    Kon-Tiki Museet, Oslo, Norge.
    Marae Reflections: On the evolution of stratified chiefdoms in the Leeward Society Islands2010Inngår i: Archaeology in Oceania, ISSN 0003-8121, Vol. 45, nr 2, s. 86-93Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on archaeological data it is time to re-evaluate the Stratified Chiefdom of the Society Islands. The model was constructed mainly on ethno-historical/ethnological data and has been used extensively, and this social system has been projected back in time, sometimes maybe too far. The question that may be asked is: -What happened during almost 1000 years of settlement in the Society Islands? It is now evident from new archaeological investigations of habitations and marae that the Stratified Chiefdom in the Society Islands was a late development, and that the society went through several changes over time. Therefore, we need to discuss earlier existences of Traditional Chiefdoms and/or Open Chiefdoms in the Society Islands, if using the terminology developed by Goldman on chiefly organizations identified in other parts of Polynesia.

  • 39.
    Wallin, Paul
    et al.
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Solsvik, Reidar
    Kon-Tiki Museum, Oslo, Norway.
    Report from archaeological investigations of marae structures in the district of Maeva, Huahine 20032005Inngår i: Bilan de la recherche archéologique en Polynésie française: 2003-2004 / [ed] Henry Marchesi, Papeete: Service de la Culture et du Patrimoine , 2005, Vol. 4, s. 92-104Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 40.
    Wallin, Paul
    et al.
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Solsvik, Reidar
    Kon-Tiki Museum, Oslo, Norway.
    Structure, Spatial Metaphors and Landscape: A Study of the Ceremonial Marae Temple Grounds in the Society Islands, French Polynesia2006Inngår i: Préhistoire de l’Asie et de l’océanie = Asian and Oceanic prehistory: sessions générales et posters = general sessions and posters / [ed] le Secrétariat du Congrès, Oxford: Archaeopress , 2006, nr S1523, s. 53-58Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 41.
    Wallin, Paul
    et al.
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Solsvik, Reidar
    Kon-Tiki Museum.
    The place of the land and the seat of the ancestors: Temporal and geographical emergence of the classic East Polynesian marae complex2011Inngår i: Kon-Tiki Museum. Occasional Papers, ISSN 0802-6491, Vol. 12, s. 79-107Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Polynesian ritual structures emerged based upon archaeological data. Here we would like to give a first outline:

    1. During the formative period of Polynesian culture one or several, as of yet, undefined ritual site(s) or structure(s) existed. It could be associated with the sleeping-house (Green 1998; Kirch 2000b) or possible be a form of oven (Carson 2002; Green and Davidson 1969; Green and Davidson 1974; Solsvik n.d.; Walter 1990; Yamaguchi 2000).

    2. During the period up to AD 1400 there existed different ritual spaces on different island groups in East Polynesia.

    3. The classic marae design developed on Easter Island or another Island in southeastern Polynesia between AD 1200 and AD 1300.

    4.Marae complexes in the Society, Tuamotuan and Cook island groups probably originate from south-eastern Polynesia.

    5. The classic West Polynesian malae complexes could be a development of the marae structures of East Polynesia, since no 14C date from such a structure predate AD 1400. However, this is a question for future research, since so little is known archaeologically of these structures. Our research described above took as its starting point our own experiences of doing archaeology on Easter Island and of making sense of the information produced by three generations of archaeologists working there. This review of research on Polynesian ritual spaces, with focus on the eastern region, strongly suggests that the classic marae-ahu complex was developed on Easter Island. If this is correct archaeologists will in the future not only need to unravel the temporal aspects of these structures, but have to pay equal attention to the various cultural processes that produced the homogeneity in ritual architecture documented by early European travelers to this area.

  • 42.
    Wallin, Paul
    et al.
    Högskolan på Gotland, Avdelningen för Arkeologi och osteologi.
    Sten, Sabine
    Högskolan på Gotland, Avdelningen för Arkeologi och osteologi.
    Säljakten på Gotland2007Inngår i: Gotländskt Arkiv, ISSN 0434-2429, Vol. 79, s. 23-40Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 43.
    Wallin, Paul
    et al.
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Wehlin, Joakim
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Räddad, reformerad och registrerad: en ”grävande” revideranderapport rörande en fornlämning i Tofta2010Inngår i: Gotlandsakademiker tycker om ...: 2010 / [ed] Adri de Ridder och Åke Sandström, Visby: Gotland University Press , 2010, s. 23-33Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 44.
    Wallin, Paul
    et al.
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Wehlin, Joakim
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Norderäng, Johan
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Kristiansson, Margareta
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Stenvallen i Gothemshammar : Rapport från arkeologisk undersökning 2009: RAÄ-131, Busarve 1:34 och 1:35, Gothem sn, Gotland2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Undersökningarna utfördes i form av en seminariegrävning med studenter från Högskolan på Gotland. Vallen i Gothemshammar har varit omdiskuterad under lång tid. Framförallt har man varit tveksam om anläggningens ålder och funktion. Hör den till järnålderns fornborgsepok eller är den äldre såsom dess position i landskapet indikerat?De här frågorna har genom den här undersökningen kunnat besvaras eftersom dateringsbart material med bra kontext påträffades. Dateringen av vallen fick en delvis överraskande ålder då samtliga 14C prover gav en samlad datering av vallen i tidsintervallet 900-800 f.Kr. Funktionen tycks vara att denna konstruktion utgör en avgränsning av udden så att den bildar en isolerad plats där vissa aktiviteter utförts. Till platsen har man fört domesticerade djur som föda eller offer. Några spår som skulle tyda på att det skulle ha varit en jaktstation kunde inte indikeras. Ett plank har sannoliktFigur 26. Bronsålderns fornminnesmiljö i Gothemsområdet (Karta: J. Wehlin).44stuckit upp ur vallen vid dess östra sida, vilket ett återfunnet fundament indikerade. Detta betyder att planket var riktat sas utåt udden, detta skulle inte vara fallet om det skulle ha varit en försvarsanläggning. Vår sammantagna tolkning blir att det sannolikt varit en sorts samlingsplats/mötesplats daterad till yngre bronsåldern.

  • 45.
    Wallin, Paul
    et al.
    Högskolan på Gotland, Avdelningen för Arkeologi och osteologi.
    Österholm, Inger
    Högskolan på Gotland, Avdelningen för Arkeologi och osteologi.
    Österholm, Sven
    Högskolan på Gotland, Avdelningen för Arkeologi och osteologi.
    Solsvik, Reidar
    Kon-Tiki Museet, Oslo.
    Phosphates and bones: an analysis of the courtyard of marae Manunu, Huahine, Society Islands, French Polynesia2008Inngår i: Islands of inquiry: colonisation, seafaring and the archaeology of maritime landscapes / edited by Geoffrey Clark, Foss Leach and Sue O'Connor / [ed] Geoffrey R. Clark, B. Foss Leach, Sue O'Connor, Canberra: ANU E Press , 2008, Vol. 29, s. 423-434Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
1 - 45 of 45
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf