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  • 1.
    Adermon, Adrian
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Piracy and Music Sales: The Effects of An Anti-Piracy Law2014In: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, ISSN 0167-2681, E-ISSN 1879-1751, Vol. 105, p. 90-106Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The implementation of a copyright protection reform in Sweden in April 2009 suddenly increased the risk of being caught and punished for illegal file sharing. This paper investigates the impact of the reform on illegal file sharing and music sales using a difference-in-differences approach with Norway and Finland as control groups. We find that the reform decreased Internet traffic by 16% and increased music sales by 36% during the first six months. Pirated music therefore seems to be a strong substitute to legal music. However, the reform effects disappeared almost completely after six months, likely because of the weak enforcement of the law.

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  • 2.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Blind, Ina
    Högskolan Kristianstad.
    Brunåker, Fabian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Dahlberg, Matz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Granath, Jakob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Fredriksson, Greta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Polisens lista över utsatta områden minskar efterfrågan på att bo i de utpekade områdena2023In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 51, no 8, p. 53-58Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan hösten 2015 har polisen publicerat en serie rapporter som listar ett sextiotal bostadsområden i Sverige som "utsatta". Dessa listor har fått stort genomslag såväl i media som i den politiska debatten. I denna artikel presenterar vi resultat som ger stöd åt hypotesen att polisens beslut att peka ut "utsatta områden" har påverkat uppfattningen om de utpekade områdena. Vi påvisar en negativ effekt på bostadspriserna av att bli upptagen på polisens lista, både på kort och längre sikt (inom sex år), vilket vi tolkar som en minskad efterfråga på att bo i dessa områden.

  • 3.
    Anil, Kumar
    et al.
    Research Department, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Estimating Taxable Income Responses with Elasticity Heterogeneity2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We explore the implications of heterogeneity in the elasticity of taxable income (ETI) for tax-reform based estimation methods. We theoretically show that existing methods yield elasticities that are biased and lack policy relevance. We illustrate the empirical importance of our theoretical analysis using the NBER tax panel for 1979-1990. We show that elasticity heterogeneity is the main explanation for large differences between estimates in the previous literature. Our preferred, newly suggested method yields elasticity estimates of approximately 0.7 for taxable income and 0.2 for broad income.

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  • 4.
    Blomquist, Sören
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    Kumar, Anil
    Dallas Federal Reserve.
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    Newey, Whitney K.
    Department of Economics, MIT.
    Individual Heterogeneity, Nonlinear Budget Sets, and Taxable Income2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Given the key role of the taxable income elasticity in designing an optimal tax system there are many studies attempting to estimate this elasticity. A problem with most of these studies is that strong functional form assumptions are used and that heterogeneity in preferences is not allowed for. Building on Blomquist and Newey (2002) we in this paper develop a nonparametric method to estimate expected taxable income as a function of a nonlinear budget set, taking multidimensional heterogeneity and optimization errors fully into account. We reduce the dimensionality of the problem by exploiting structure implied by utility maximization with piecewise linear convex budget sets. We apply the method to Swedish data and estimate for prime age males a significant net of tax elasticity of 0.6 and a significant income elasticity of -0.08.

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  • 5.
    Blomquist, Sören
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Newey, Whitney K.
    MIT, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA.;Natl Bur Econ Res, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA..
    Kumar, Anil
    Fed Reserve Bank Dallas, Dallas, TX USA..
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    On Bunching and Identification of the Taxable Income Elasticity2021In: Journal of Political Economy, ISSN 0022-3808, E-ISSN 1537-534X, Vol. 129, no 8, p. 2320-2343Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The elasticity of taxable income is vital when predicting the effect of taxes. Bunching at kinks/notches has been used to estimate this elasticity. We show that when the preference distribution is unrestricted, bunching at a kink or a notch is not informative about the size of the elasticity, and neither is the entire distribution of taxable income. Bunching identifies the taxable income elasticity when the preference distribution is correctly specified across the kink and provides bounds under restrictions on the preference distribution. We find wide bounds in an empirical example based on upper and lower bounds for the preference density.

  • 6. Edmark, Karin
    et al.
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Mörk, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Selin, Håkan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Därför går det inte att utvärdera jobbskatteavdraget2012In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, no 5, p. 6-16Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 7.
    Edmark, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Mörk, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Selin, Håkan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Evaluation of the Swedish earned income tax credit2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last twenty years we have seen an increasing use of in-work tax subsidies to encourage labor supply among low-income groups. In Sweden, a non-targeted earned income tax credit was introduced in 2007, and was reinforced in 2008, 2009 and 2010. The stated motive of the reform was to boost employment; in particular to provide incentives for individuals to go from unemployment to, at least, part-time work. In this paper we try to analyze the extensive margin labor supply effects of the Swedish earned income tax credit reform up to 2008. For identification we exploit the fact that the size of the tax credit, as well as the resulting average tax rate, is a function of the municipality of residence and income if working. However, throughout the analysis we find placebo effects that are similar in size to the estimated reform effects. In addition, the results are sensitive with respect to how we define employment, which is especially true when we analyze different subgroups such as men and women, married and singles. Our conclusion is that the identifying variation is too small and potentially endogenous and that it is therefore not possible to use this variation to perform a quasi-experimental evaluation of the Swedish EITC-reform.

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  • 8.
    Edmark, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, CESIfo, IFAU, IFN, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;UCLS, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. IBF, POB 514, SE-75120 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Mörk, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies. Uppsala Univ, UCFS, UCLS, CESifo,IZA, POB 513, SE-75120 Uppsala, Sweden.;IEB, POB 513, SE-75120 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Selin, Håkan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). UCLS, CESifo, POB 513, SE-75120 Uppsala, Sweden..
    The Swedish Earned Income Tax Credit: Did It Increase Employment?2016In: Finanzarchiv, ISSN 0015-2218, E-ISSN 1614-0974, Vol. 72, no 4, p. 475-503Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the extensive-margin labor-supply effects of a Swedish earned income tax credit introduced in 2007. The reform was one of the government's flagship reforms to boost employment, but its actual effects have been widely debated. We exploit the fact that the size of the tax credit is a function of the municipality of residence and income if working, which yields two sources of quasi-experimental variation. The identifying variation, however, turns out to be small and potentially endogenous, which means that the question of whether the reform has delivered the hoped-for effects cannot be credibly answered.

  • 9.
    Engström, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Kolm, Ann-Sofie
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Maternal Addiction to Parental Leave2006Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The increased demand for a more equal parental sharing of the responsibilities for children has led many countries to reconstruct their parental leave systems so to provide stronger incentives for fathers to participate in childcare. Father’s quotas are becoming widely spread across Europe. This paper provides arguments for why it may be welfare improving for both parents to increase the father’s share of the family’s parental leave time. However, regulations in terms of father’s quotas may not be optimal since it fails to recognise potentially heterogenous preferences. Instead, self-commitment devices should be provided in order to prevent mothers from taking too large share of the family’s leave time.

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  • 10.
    Hu, Xiao
    et al.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci SLU, Dept Forest Econ, SE-90183 Umeå, Sweden.;Swedish Univ Agr Sci SLU, Ctr Environm & Resource Econ CERE, SE-90183 Umeå, Sweden..
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Does income redistribution prevent residential segregation?2022In: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, ISSN 0167-2681, E-ISSN 1879-1751, Vol. 193, p. 519-542Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Living in low-income neighborhoods can have adverse effects. Public policies that reduce income inequality might prevent residential segregation by income. However, previously documented associations between income inequality and residential segregation may not reflect residential sorting effects. We use rich full-population data for Sweden 1990-2017 and take advantage of how in-moving residents change the municipal income composition to rule out the influence of reverse causation and mechanical effects. We find that changing taxes and transfers has limited residential sorting effects on segregation. However, our results strongly suggest that raising the education levels of low-income residents is effective for fighting segregation.

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  • 11. Jordahl, Henrik
    et al.
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Merged Municipalities, Higher Debt: On Free-riding and the Common Pool Problem in Politics2006Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    We use the 1952 Swedish municipal amalgamation reform to study free- riding and the common pool problem in politics. We expect municipalities that were affected by the reform to increase their debt in anticipation of a merger, and this effect to be larger if they were merged with many other populous municipalities (i.e. facing a large common pool). We use ordinary least squares and matching on the complete cross section of rural municipalities for the period 1947−1951, fixed effects when exploiting the panel features, as well as a geographical instrumental variables strategy. We find an average treatment effect close to the amount that the average merged municipality increased its debt with during this period, which corresponds to 2.8 percent of average income or 63 percent of the average increase in income. However, we do not find larger increases in municipalities that were part of a larger common pool.

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  • 12. Jordahl, Henrik
    et al.
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Merged municipalities, higher debt: on free-riding and the common pool problem in politics2010In: Public Choice, ISSN 0048-5829, E-ISSN 1573-7101, Vol. 143, no 1-2, p. 157-172Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper uses the Swedish municipal amalgamation reform of 1952 to study the common pool problem in politics. The amalgams were common pools and the municipalities had incentives to free-ride on their amalgam partners by increasing debt prior to amalgamation. We find that municipalities that merged in 1952 increased their debt between 1948 and 1952 when the reform could be anticipated. The increase amounted to 52% of new debt issued or 1.5% of total revenues in the merged municipalities. But contrary to the “law of 1/n”, free-riding did not increase in common pool size.

  • 13.
    Kumar, Anil
    et al.
    Fed Reserve Bank Dallas, Res Dept, Dallas, TX 75201 USA.
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Credit constraints and GDP growth: Evidence from a natural experiment2019In: Economics Letters, ISSN 0165-1765, E-ISSN 1873-7374, Vol. 181, p. 190-194Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Before 1998, Texas was the only state that greatly restricted home equity loans and cash-out refinancing for non-housing consumption. Such borrowing was authorized in Texas, for the first time, through a constitutional amendment in 1998. Using state-level panel data and recently developed synthetic control methods based on machine learning we find that the Texas' constitutional amendments relaxing credit constraints had an insignificant impact on GDP growth. Our findings have important policy implications for the stimulative effect of easier home equity access on GDP growth. 

  • 14.
    Kumar, Anil
    et al.
    Fed Reserve Bank Dallas, Res Dept, Dallas, TX 75201 USA..
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Declining female labor supply elasticities in the united states and implications for tax policy: Evidence from panel data2016In: National tax journal, ISSN 0028-0283, E-ISSN 1944-7477, Vol. 69, no 3, p. 481-516Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent work has provided compelling evidence of a long-term decline in U.S. female labor supply elasticities with respect to wages and income. While previous work used cross-sectional data from the Current Population Survey (CPS), we reexamine the trend for married women using panel data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) from 1980 to 2006. We find evidence in support of a long-term decline in married females 'labor supply elasticities on the participation margin but less evidence in support of such a decline on the hours margin. We also investigate the implications of these results for the welfare effects of tax reforms. Policy simulations indicate that shrinking elasticities, mostly concentrated on the participation margin, have contributed to a dramatic decline in the welfare gains from actual and potential tax reforms since the 1980s.

  • 15.
    Kumar, Anil
    et al.
    Fed Reserve Bank Dallas, Res Dept, Dallas, TX 75201 USA..
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    Estimating taxable income responses with elasticity heterogeneity2020In: Journal of Public Economics, ISSN 0047-2727, E-ISSN 1879-2316, Vol. 188, article id 104209Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We explore elasticity heterogeneity in the estimation of the elasticity of taxable income (ETI) and propose potentially valid instruments. We show that previously used instruments are not valid and yield weighted averages of ETIs of different taxpayers plus a bias. Using the NBER tax panel for 1979-1990, we find a weighted average ETI of 0.57 when using all available variation in budget set changes provided by the tax reforms in the data. Our results also demonstrate that elasticity heterogeneity is an important explanation for the remarkable divergence of estimates in the previous literature.

  • 16.
    Kumar, Anil
    et al.
    Research Department, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    The Taxable Income Elasticity: A Structural Differencing Approach2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We extend a standard taxable income model with its typical functional-form assumptions to account for nonlinear budget sets. We propose a new method to estimate a taxable income elasticity that is more policy relevant than the typically estimated elasticity based on linearized budget sets. Using U.S. data from the NBER tax panel for 1979-1990 and differencing methods, we estimate an elasticity of 0.75 for taxable income and 0.20 for broad income. These estimates are higher than those obtained by specifications based on linearization. Our approach offers a new way to address the problem of endogenous observed marginal tax rates.

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  • 17.
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Collective Lobbying in Politics: Theory and Empirical Evidence from Sweden2007Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 18.
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Collective Lobbying in Politics: Theory and Empirical Evidence from Sweden2008Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    This paper first formulates a model of how the politicians in a local government collectively lobby to raise intergovernmental grants to their local government. The model identifies a relationship between council size and grants received. I then study this relationship empirically using the distribution of intergovernmental grants to the Swedish local governments. I use a fuzzy regression-discontinuity design that exploits a council size law to isolate exogenous variation in council size and find a large negative council size effect. This pattern provides indirect evidence for the occurrence of lobbying. The direction of the effect could be explained by free-riding incentives in individual lobbying effort contribution caused by a collective action problem in grant-raising among local government politicians.

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  • 19.
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    Distribution-Free Structural Estimation with Nonlinear Budget Sets2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    I develop a structural method for evaluating labor supply in nonlinear budget sets that does not require any distributional assumptions. The model only requires that preferences are convex on the budget frontier. It can be extended to account for features such as fixed costs of work and the stigma cost of welfare participation. It can also be adapted for estimation of earnings, hours of work, and functions that depend on the labor supply distribution, including tax revenue and cumulative distribution functions. The method is applied to estimate the effects of taxes on various labor supply outcomes in the U.S. and Sweden.

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  • 20.
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Inkomstojämlikhet och boendesegregation2021Report (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Is There an Incumbency Advantage or a Cost of Ruling in Proportional Election Systems?2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the effect of political representation on the electoral outcome at the party level in a proportional multiparty election system using data from Swedish local government elections. There are two notions of representation in a council; the first is to hold seats, and the second is to belong to the ruling coalition. I refer to the effect of the former as the incumbency effect and the effect of the latter as the effect of ruling. To identify causal effects, I use the discontinuous variations in the number of seats and ruling (as a coalition receives a majority of the seats) to isolate exogenous variation in incumbency and ruling respectively. I find an advantage of 0.11 percent of the votes for each percent of incumbency. 11 percent of the votes in an election are therefore determined by incumbency, a figure close to the advantage found in majoritarian systems. However, the advantage differs significantly between parties. Further, I find no effects of ruling, contrary to the commonly found cost of ruling in proportional systems.

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  • 22.
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Is there an incumbency advantage or cost of ruling in proportional election systems?2013In: Public Choice, ISSN 0048-5829, E-ISSN 1573-7101, Vol. 154, no 3-4, p. 259-284Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the effects of political representation on electoral outcomes at the party and coalition levels in proportional election systems using data from Swedish local government elections. There are two notions of representation, namely, to hold seats and to belong to the ruling coalition. I refer to the effect of the former as the incumbency effect and the effect of the latter as the ruling effect. The discontinuous variation in the seat share as the vote share varies for parties is used to isolate exogenous variation in incumbency. The discontinuous variation in ruling at the 50% seat share cutoff for coalitions is used in order to exogenous variation in ruling. I find that incumbency determines the distribution of 12% of the total vote, which is similar to the advantage found in majoritarian systems. I find no ruling effect, contrary to the commonly found cost of ruling in proportional systems.

  • 23.
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Nonparametric structural estimation of labor supply in the presence of censoring2012In: Journal of Public Economics, ISSN 0047-2727, E-ISSN 1879-2316, Vol. 96, no 1-2, p. 89-103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper extends the nonparametric structural method to estimate labor supply developed by Blomquist and Newey (2002) to handle cases in which there are individuals who do not work. The method is then applied to married women in Sweden from 1973 to 1999. I find an uncompensated wage elasticity of 0.98 and an income elasticity of -0.10, with the participation margin accounting for one third of the wage elasticity and two thirds of the income elasticity. The elasticities vary, however, a lot over time due to differences in tax systems and demographics. I also find results consistent with tax rates being around the net government revenue maximizing rates.

  • 24.
    Liang, Che-yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Optimal Inequality behind the Veil of Ignorance2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Rawls’ (1971) influential social contract approach to distributive justice, the fair income distribution is the one that an individual would choose behind a veil of ignorance. Harsanyi (1953, 1955, 1975) treats this situation as a decision under risk and arrives at utilitarianism using expected utility theory. This paper investigates the implications of applying prospect theory instead, which better describes behavior under risk. I find that the specific type of inequality in bottom-heavy right-skewed income distributions, which includes the log-normal income distribution, could be socially desirable. The optimal inequality result contrasts the implications of other social welfare criteria.

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  • 25.
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    Optimal inequality behind the veil of ignorance2017In: Theory and Decision, ISSN 0040-5833, E-ISSN 1573-7187, Vol. 83, no 3, p. 431-455Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Rawls’ (A theory of justice. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1971) influential social contract approach to distributive justice, the fair income distribution is the one that an individual would choose behind a veil of ignorance. Harsanyi (J Polit Econ 61:434–435, 1953, J Polit Econ 63:309–332, 1955, Am Polit Sci Rev 69:594–606, 1975) treated this situation as a decision under risk and arrived at utilitarianism using expected utility theory. This paper investigates the implications of applying cumulative prospect theory instead, which better describes behavior under risk. I find that the specific type of inequality in bottom-heavy right-skewed income distributions, which includes the log-normal income distribution, could be perceived as desirable. This optimal inequality result contrasts the implications of other social welfare criteria.

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  • 26.
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    Optimal Inequality behind the Veil of Ignorance2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Rawls’ (1971) influential social contract approach to distributive justice, the fair income distribution is the one that an individual would choose behind a veil of ignorance. Harsanyi (1953, 1955, 1975) treats this situation as a decision under risk and arrives at utilitarianism using expected utility theory. This paper investigates the implications of applying prospect theory instead, which better describes behavior under risk. I find that the specific type of inequality in bottom-heavy right-skewed income distributions, which includes the log-normal income distribution, could be socially desirable. The optimal inequality result contrasts the implications of other social welfare criteria.

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  • 27.
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Taxes and Household Labor Supply: Estimating Distributional Effects of Nonlinear Prices on Multidimensional Choice2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We develop a method for distributional regression of joint multidimensional choice on nonlinear prices departing from a household model of labor supply that focuses on tax policy effects. Our distribution functions are derived under minimal theoretical assumptions and have a simple structure. We allow distribution-free estimation, collective decisionmaking, and identification based on tax reforms. In our empirical application on U.S. panel data from 1980 to 2006, we provide a deepened understanding of how the configuration of the tax system affects the distribution of transitions between combinations of spouse labor supply. We also quantify biases from commonly imposed restrictions.

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  • 28.
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Nordin, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    The Internet, News Consumption, and Political Attitudes2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate the effects of the rise of the Internet as an additional mass medium on news consumption patterns and political attitudes. We use Swedish survey data from 2002 to 2007, the period during which online news media emerged. We find that broadband access is associated with online media consumption which, to some extent, crowds out offline consumption. Furthermore, these altered news consumption patterns have no or small effects on political attitudes.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 29.
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    Nordin, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    The Internet, News Consumption, and Political Attitudes2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate the effects of the rise of the Internet as an additional mass medium on news consumption patterns and political attitudes. We use Swedish survey data from 2002 to 2007, the period during which online news media emerged. We find that broadband access is associated with online media consumption which, to some extent, crowds out offline consumption. Furthermore, these altered news consumption patterns have no or small effects on political attitudes.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 30.
    Liang, Che-Yuan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Nordin, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    The Internet, news consumption, and political attitudes – Evidence for Sweden2013In: The B.E. Journals in Economic Analysis & Policy, ISSN 2194-6108, E-ISSN 1935-1682, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 1071-1093Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate the effects of the rise of the Internet as an additional mass medium on news consumption patterns and political attitudes. We use Swedish survey data from 2002 to 2007, the period during which high-speed Internet (broadband) emerged. We find that broadband access is associated with online media consumption. The crowd out of offline consumption is, however, small. Furthermore, these altered news consumption patterns have no or small effects on political attitudes.

1 - 30 of 30
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