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  • 1.
    Eriksson, Claes
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Hylen, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics Stockholm.
    Seamless transport - making the connections: analytical and policy documents for the 2012 Leipzig summit2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A Memorandum has been elaborated following a commission by the Swedish Ministry of Enterprise, Energy and Communications. The Memorandum should primarily serve for preparations for the 2012 Summit of the OECD’s International Transport Forum in Leipzig, Germany.

    The first section of this memorandum lists organizations, stakeholders, on-going projects etc. It is not intended to be exhaustive in any way since it was not a part of the original commission. Rather it tries to catch on-going activities and projects that still have not reached the publication and outreach phase.

    The second section contains the selected references. They are sorted according to the six issues suggested by the Ministry as starting points for discussions at the summit. It should be pointed out though, that several references address more than one of the issues. Borders may create technology barriers; technology improvements may improve supply chains etc.

  • 2.
    Eriksson, Claes
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Hylén, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics Stockholm.
    LINK, The European forum on intermodal passenger travel. D8: "Virtual library". (Research structure overview)2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In LINK’s Description of work (DoW) for Work Package (WP) B.1 it is stated that the structuring and monitoring of research and its dissemination produces an extra-value for the better value of intermodal solutions. For this purpose WP B.1 is to produce a Research Structure Overview or Virtual Library (VL) which is the given Deliverable D 8.

  • 3.
    Freden, Sven
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Förstberg, Johan
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Hedström, Ragnar
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Hylén, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Lindberg, Erik
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Reserapport från Järnvägsavdelningens studieresa till Storbritannien 1992-11-02--051992Report (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Hylen, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Access to rail infrastructure: Regulation and pricing. A state-of-the-art report from European countries1995Report (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Hylen, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Access to the rail network in some European countries: Access to services facilities and general access conditions2001Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In February 2001 the Swedish National Rail Administration (Banverket) commissioned the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI) to carry out a study of railway access conditions in a few countries. The study should deal with access conditions in general with special focus on responsibilities, financing, regulation and pricing of the so-called services facilities mentioned in the European Union (EU) Directive 2001/14, Annex II, 2. The purpose of the study was to highlight these matters as input in the ongoing work of implementing

    the new EU Directives. In the railway field the EU aims at making access for international (freight) traffic easier in various ways. Standardisation, co-ordination, simplification etc. are some important key words. The EU member states have not only different safety regulations, signalling, ATP, electrical traction systems ? but they also have an astonishing range of organisational peculiarities topped up by different access

    regimes and ?charges. Finally the regimes for the services facilities (terminals etc.) mentioned in the EU Directive?s Annex vary a lot. It is therefore very difficult for a potential international operator to get a clear picture of the whole chain of events from loading in one country to unloading in another, especially if he wants to operate the service with his own traction and staff all the way. Denmark has a generally liberal attitude towards new entrants. All licensed operators may run train services on the Danish Railway Agency?s infrastructure. Their web-site gives a very good step-by-step description of the Danish approval process. The information is, however, only available in Danish. The liberal attitude towards new entrants is fairly recent and has not yet led to any major changes on the operator scene. Germany differs from most other Member States in the way that apart from

    Deutsche Bahn, DB, there are more than 150 non-federal railways. About 50 of these operate passenger services. There are reciprocal rights to use each others infrastructure demanded by federal legislation and fairly elaborate systems of access charges for running lines and some services facilities. The terms of use for other facilities must be agreed between the parties concerned. A potential operator may have to deal with both federal and regional authorities to get all the necessary permits. The Netherlands resembles Denmark but there is already a handful of new operators. These new companies either operate regional passenger services or freight trains to the big Dutch ports. In Great Britain the railway sector is privatised ? although with state support. Infrastructure and operations are in the hands of private companies, often listed on the stock exchange. The infrastructure manager Railtrack has a wider brief than its counterparts in other EU Member States. Railtrack owns land, tracks, traffic control facilities, rolling stock maintenance facilities, stations and some freight terminals. These facilities are let to the operators on commercial terms agreed between Railtrack and operators or other parties concerned. As a rule the Office of the Rail Regulator must approve all agreements. Railtrack is also responsible for timetable construction, train path allocation, traffic control and the public passenger traffic timetable.

  • 6.
    Hylen, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Aktörer och ansvarsförhållanden inom länsjärnvägsområdet1991Report (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Hylen, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Alternativa nödbromskoncept: acceptans bland resande, allmänhet och tågpersonal2002Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Frågan om nödbromsblockering (även kallad nödbromsöverbryggning) särskilt i

    tunnlar, samt om behovet av nödbroms överhuvudtaget, har aktualiserats under

    senare år av bl.a. Banverket och vissa av operatörerna. Inför fortsatta

    överväganden bedömde Banverket det nödvändigt att kartlägga inställningen

    hos

    resande,

    allmänheten och tågpersonal till eventuella förändringar. Resultaten

    avsågs användas för beslut av Banverket (ev. Järnvägsinspektionen) om att ge

    operatörerna

    möjlighet/rekommendera dem/beordra dem att genomföra förändringar.

    Genom intervjuer och enkäter gavs de tre kategorierna (resande,

    allmänheten

    och tågpersonal) möjlighet att peka ut det bästa alternativet:

    1. Tåget stannar direkt då någon drar i nödbromsen (dagens system)

    2. Tåget bromsas men föraren har möjlighet att avbryta bromsningen

    (nödbr.

    överbryggning)

    3. Föraren får en signal och stannar tåget

    4. Den som drar i nödbromsen får kontakt med föraren och kan be honom att

    stanna tåget.

  • 8.
    Hylen, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Banavgifter i Europa2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta notat behandlar järnvägens banavgifter och implementeringen av Direktiv 2001/14/EG, det s.k. infrastrukturdirektivet, i nio länder. Direktivet ger möjlighet till vitt skilda utformningar av banavgifterna. Avgifterna i praktiken syftar huvudsakligen till att ta betalt för slitage, (i vissa fall inkluderande reinvesteringar i infrastrukturen) eller för att styra kapacitetsutnyttjandet. Däremot är avgifter för "mjuka variabler" som buller, olyckor och föroreningar ovanliga. Avgifter per tågkm är vanligast, ibland kombinerade med en avgift per tonkm. Fasta avgifter t.ex. per operatör eller per trafikeringsmånad har funnits i vissa länder men tagits bort, i vissa fall efter kritik från Europeiska kommissionen. Täckningsgraden, dvs. hur stor del av infrastrukturkostnaderna som täcks av banavgifterna, varierar från 5 % till mer än 60 %. Implementeringen av Direktiv 2001/14/EG beskrivs i avsnitten för de olika länderna. För närmare beskrivningar av de olika ländernas järnvägsorganisation och regelverk hänvisas till olika rapporter som framtagits på uppdrag av Europeiska kommissionen, t.ex. de nationsvisa rapporter som framtagits 2005.

  • 9.
    Hylen, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Banavgifter och tillträde till järnvägens infrastruktur i några europeiska länder: Förstudie1994Report (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Hylen, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Contracted rail services in Western Europe1997Report (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Hylen, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Det kapillära bannätet i ett europeiskt perspektiv: rapport i anslutning till Banverkets rapport P 1997:5. Översyn av det kapillära bannätets utvecklingsmöjligheter1997Report (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Hylen, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Forsknings-, utvecklings- och demonstrationsprojekt inom järnvägsområdet i Norden1991Report (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Hylen, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Forsknings-, utvecklings- och demonstrationsprojekt inom järnvägsområdet i Norden: Sammanställning över avslutade, pågående och planerade projekt. Listor och abstracts över projekt1991Report (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Hylen, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Franchised rail services in Sweden1996Report (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Hylen, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics Stockholm.
    Germany and the deregulation of its railways2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    EU Member States have implemented EU rail legislation in various ways. Germany’s rail reform aimed at increasing rail transport and decreasing the sector’s public financial support. These objectives have generally been reached although opinions vary.

    Germany and Sweden have several common features; Regional authorities are responsible for regional services, often tendered out in competition. Entry on the commercial long-distance market has been very limited. Sweden has fully separated infrastructure and operations while Germany retains infrastructure within the Deutsche Bahn group. This project analyses various aspects of the German railway regulatory framework and draw conclusions for Sweden and in general.

    In Germany principles for capacity allocation and priorities in daily operations are uncertain and controversial. Framework agreements can only be signed for fixed five year periods or parts thereof and operators consider this too inflexible.

    Incentive or Bonus/Malus agreements between infrastructure managers and operators have been tried in both countries. Little money changes hands but all parties agree that this area needs to be developed.

    Access to maintenance facilities is regulated but some controversies exist. Rolling stock is an unregulated area but connected to capacity allocation – if a new entrant gets his capacity allocation too late he may not be able to acquire rolling stock in time for the start of operations.

  • 16.
    Hylen, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Järnvägens avreglering i Sverige1994Report (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Hylen, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Nödbromsblockering: studie av existerande praxis i Sverige och vissa europeiska länder2001Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Banverket uppdrog 2000-07-11 till Statens väg- och

    transportforskningsinstitut

    (VTI) att genomföra en begränsad studie rörande

    rådande praxis beträffande nödbromsblockering

    i Sverige och några närbelägna länder. Studien har

    avsett användningen

    av nödbroms i svensk tågtrafik, olika system för

    nödbromsblockering

    samt alternativ till dagens nödbroms. Arbetet har

    genomförts som en enkätundersökning

    kombinerad med intervjuer och besök vid Storebaelts-

    och Drogden-tunnlarna.

    Dokumenterade erfarenheter av användningen av nödbroms

    och nödbromsblockering

    är svåra att finna. Fem olika varianter av

    nödbromsblockering eller

    alternativ till nödbroms finns i Sverige, Danmark och

    Tyskland. I Danmark har

    nödbromsblockering i en enklare form införts på loktåg

    och författaren vill rekommendera

    vidare överväganden rörande det danska systemet om NBB

    avses införas

    i Sverige.

  • 18.
    Hylen, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Regional tågtrafik i några europeiska länder: En lägesbeskrivning1991Report (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Hylen, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Regional tågtrafik i Tyskland - några fallstudier1992Report (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Hylen, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Regionala godstransporter på järnväg: En enkätstudie1993Report (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Hylen, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Tendering of passenger rail traffic in Denmark: Summary of a report to the Danish Ministry of Transport1999Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Hylen, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Trafikeringskostnader för järnvägstrafik. Förstudie1993Report (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Hylen, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    TramTrain i Storstockholmsområdet: ett planeringsprojekt2001Report (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Hylen, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Utvecklingen av persontrafiken på länsjärnvägarna1992Report (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Hylen, Bertil
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics Stockholm.
    Barta, David
    CDV.
    Czermański, Ernest
    Dickinson, Joanna
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Vesela, Jirina
    CDV.
    Åkerman, Jonas
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Isaksson, Karolina
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Dębicka, Olga
    Brand, Ralf
    Rupprecht Consult.
    Forward, Sonja
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Hrebicek, Zdenek
    CDV.
    Eriksson, Claes
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    DTU - Technical University of Denmark.
    Kressler, Florian
    ATE.
    Nyberg, Jonna
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Weiss, Lucas
    ATE.
    Challenges and barriers for a sustainable transport system: exploring the potential to enact change2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is divided into three parts; the first part summarizes the results from a workshopconducted within the TRANSFORuMproject. The second part presents the results of interviewscarried out with different experts discussing the different goals and their perceptionsof what might prevent or delay appropriate implementation. The third part is based on a literature reviewdiscussing how to overcome or remove the various barriersand challenges. The overall aim ofthe studies presented in this report is to identify barriers but also to present necessary steps which need to be takenin order to help achieving the goals.The term "Barrier" relates to something which prevents some form of progress or movement, while "Challenge" can be something difficult but also something which is regarded as stimulating; or an opportunity.

  • 26.
    Hylen, Bertil
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics Stockholm.
    Barta, David
    CDV.
    Czermański, Ernest
    Åkerman, Jonas
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Vesela, Jirina
    CDV.
    Isaksson, Karolina
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Dębicka, Olga
    Brand, Ralf
    Rupprecht Consult).
    Forward, Sonja
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Hrebicek, Zdenek
    CDV.
    Eriksson, Claes
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    DTU - Technical University of Denmark.
    Nyberg, Jonna
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Braun, Marcel
    Rupprecht Consult.
    Challenges and barriers for a sustainable transport system: state of the art report2014Report (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Hylen, Bertil
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Kufver, Björn
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Lindberg, Erik
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Reserapport från Järnvägsavdelningens studieresa i Tyskland 18-27 september 19911991Report (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Hylen, Bertil
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Lindberg, Gunnar
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Nilsson, Jan-Eric
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Marknadsanalys av höghastighetsbanor i Europa2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    On 4th April 2005 Banverket (Swedish rail infrastructure manager) commissioned VTI to carry out a market analysis of High Speed Rail Lines in Europe. The analysis should serve as an important input in the further planning of the Götalandsbanan (Stockholm-Jönköping-Göteborg) and Södra Stambanan. (Stockholm-Malmö). High Speed (HS) in this report refers to ? 250 km/h. An important part of the work has been to present relevant comparisons between Götalandsbanan and similar lines in other countries. Sweden has more passenger rail traffic as measured in passenger km compared to other countries. Götalandsbanan is intended to serve the heart of Sweden with 3-3½ million inhabitants. The population served by the HS line in Spain for example is similar but in many other cases the population is several times larger. Furthermore the assumed travel distances along Götalandsbanan are similar to such distances abroad where rail has been able to compete successfully with air travel.

  • 29.
    Hylen, Bertil
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Pharoah, Tim
    Making tracks: Light Rail in England and France2002Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Several French cities are now developing and building Light Rail-systems (LR)

    from scratch, that

    is LR has been absent for several decades. In France LR and urban public

    transport in general are

    very strongly connected to the city in a broad sense, to city politics and

    politicians, urban

    environment matters and urban planning. This seems to make rapid

    implementation of LR-projects

    a lot easier, in Lyon for example the two new lines were built in fours

    years. The proportion of

    urban regeneration costs of the total LR infrastructure investments is about

    half. Financing of LR

    has hitherto been exclusively public, private financing is discussed (as in

    Sweden) but there are at

    present no such schemes.

    The French urban transport legislation, for which there is probably no

    equivalent in other

    countries, demands a reduction of urban car traffic. This is a political

    objective and LR-development

    has become one of the means of achieving it.

    Like France and Sweden, England was for the most part without light rail for

    about 40 years.

    Most of the urban tramway systems were abandoned in favour of the bus in the

    1950's, and street

    running light rail was not seen again until the early 1990's (in Manchester).

    In England the new light rail projects serve urban regions and sub-regions.

    This distinguishes

    them from the French schemes, which mostly tend to serve areas within the

    city itself. Beyond the

    city boundary, public transport tends to be less satisfactory, and may suffer

    from resources being

    focused on "showcase" light rail projects within the city itself. Perhaps

    this reveals a difference of

    urban culture and structure, in that English suburbs are usually of higher

    social status and quality

    than their French counterparts.

    In both countries LR is seen as a way of providing more priority for public

    transport, given the

    perceived difficulties of enforcing priorities for buses. However, LR

    development is not linked to

    traffic reduction policies in English cities.

  • 30.
    Hylén, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Alternative emergency brake concepts: Attitudes among passengers, the public and train personnel2002Report (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Hylén, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Light rail i Frankrike: planering, organisation och finansiering, en rapport inom temat Light rail - light cost, del II2001Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom bl.a. förstudien Light Rail – Light Cost och studier av fackpress har

    framkommit att utvecklingen i andra europeiska länder uppvisar både likheter

    och skillnader på Light Rail (LR) området. Det bedömdes därför väsentligt att

    kunna överföra positiva erfarenheter till svenska förhållanden.

    Som första studieobjekt valdes Frankrike med motiveringen att flera städer nu

    börjar bygga ut spårvägen från scratch, dvs. de har varit utan spårväg mer än

    en generation. Lyon, Montpellier och Nice har nått olika långt med nya

    LR-system och Marseille planerar en utbyggnad av den lilla resten av ett

    stort system. En studieresa till dessa städer (ej Nice) genomfördes under

    juni 2000.

    Spårvägen och den urbana kollektivtrafiken i allmänhet är i Frankrike tydligt

    knuten till staden, stadens politik(er), den urbana miljön och den urbana

    planeringen. Detta verkar göra det möjligt för starka politiker att snabbt

    driva igenom spårvägsprojekt. Detta har varit fallet i t.ex. Lyon med mindre

    än fyra års planerings- och byggtid för spårvägen. Det är också viktigt att

    framhålla spårvägens roll för förnyelsen av stadsmiljön, några närmare

    uppgifter om hur stor del av anläggningskostnaderna som direkt kan förknippas

    med stadsmiljöförnyelse har emellertid inte gått att få fram. Finansieringen

    har hittills varit uteslutande offentlig, precis som i Sverige diskuteras

    privat finansiering men några konkreta initiativ finns ännu inte.

    Den franska urbana transportplaneringen PDU (som torde sakna motsvarighet i

    Sverige och andra länder) kräver en minskning av biltrafiken, detta är ett

    klart politiskt mål och spårvägen har blivit medlet. Som särskilda egenskaper

    vilka har underlättat valet av spårväg eller Light Rail har nämnts följande:

    Lagom kostnad för aktuella volymer (jämfört med Metro)

    Komfort – Låggolv med plant insteg från stationerna, stora fönster,

    luftkonditionering

    Ekologi – Eldrift, infartsparkeringar, nyplantering av träd

    Låg bullernivå – Ljuddämpande infästning av rälerna och tystgående fordon

    Modernitet – Automatisk annonsering av stationer genom högtalare och

    displayer, cykelplatser i fordonen, kameraövervakning i fordon och på

    stationer

    Synlighet – busskörfält ignoreras av bilister, metron under jord syns inte

    som alternativ till bilen

    Prestanda – Med egen banvall och signalprioritering blir spårvägen en metro

    på ytan med garanterade körtider.

    Knytningen till staden och den urbana miljön kan vara till stor fördel för

    spårvägen men den kan vara till nackdel för kollektivtrafiken i det regionala

    perspektivet. Ansvaret för kollektivtrafiken är splittrat på olika

    organisationer och pendling över några tiotals km försvåras. “ Länskort” eller

    gemensamma biljetter för buss och tåg är ännu mycket sällsynta.

    Den svenska modellen där det offentliga engagemanget avgränsas till

    beställarrollen och all trafik upphandlas av (oftast privata) entreprenörer

    ses i Frankrike som svårbegriplig, möjligen utopisk eller t.o.m. opassande.

    Däremot ses det som fullt acceptabelt att sitta på två stolar

    (beställare/utförare).

  • 32.
    Hylén, Bertil
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics Stockholm.
    Jonsson, Daniel
    KTH.
    Höghastighetsstationer i andra europeiska länder2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report maps the development of new and/or external stations for high-speed (HS) rail in France and Spain. The reasons for building new stations are discussed as well as the ambitions for the development of new economic activities around new stations. Present passenger numbers are presented but previous forecasts were not available. The academic debate in France and Spain concerning station is also briefly presented. The wider development of areas around new stations depends on the general economic developments, new stations as such do not create positive developments. The provision of Public Transport and parking at HS stations is also discussed. The report will hopefully contribute to the debate and planning process connected with the planning of HS-lines in Sweden.

  • 33.
    Hylén, Bertil
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics Stockholm.
    Kauppila, Jari
    International Transport Forum at the OECD.
    Chong, Edouard
    International Transport Forum at the OECD.
    Road haulage charges and taxes: summary analysis and data tables 1998-20122013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The International Transport Forum at the OECD has collected data on various taxes and charges levied on road haulage since 1998. The existing International Transport Forum database presents these results for selected years between 1998 and 2008. These data allow for comparison of road freight transport fiscal regimes in different countries in quantitative terms. They have also been used as core information in various international studies. Countries use them as a basis to study cost recovery of road infrastructure by relating all the various taxes and charges levied on transport activities to costs. The 2003 ECMT Report 'Reforming Transport Taxes' developed a methodology for making such comparisons, including in relation to the marginal costs of using infrastructure (infrastructure wear, congestion and environmental and safety externalities). The data can also be used to study the existence of possible discriminatory charges. The impact of charges on competitiveness in road haulage markets can be assessed with the data by modelling trips by Heavy Goods Vehicles (HGVs) of different nationalities on standard hauls throughout Europe and by calculating appropriate indicators. The data have also been used in a recent study to compare the internationalisation of external effects of HGVs using a number of European freight corridors. This paper updates the database on heavy goods vehicle charges and taxes in Europe, with figures for 2012 on taxes and charges on vehicles, fuel and road use, including relevant information on rebates and exemptions. A short analysis of the level of charges and expected future developments is included. Data are collected for nearly 30 countries. A brief discussion of similar taxes and charges in the United States, Canada and Australia is included as well. The VTI library is the source for most of the information on these countries.

  • 34.
    Vierth, Inge
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Mellin, Anna
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Hylen, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Jong, Gerhard de
    Bucci, Pietro
    Priselasticiteter som underlag för konsekvensanalyser av förändrade banavgifter för godstransporter: del A av studie på uppdrag av Banverket2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    The National Rail Administration is analysing how different levels and designs of freight rail user fees influence the demand for rail transport. Changes in demand are calculated with the help of price elasticities. These elasticities are mainly related to the total transport costs, where rail user fees are one part. The Swedish rail user fees (that include different components for wear and tear, safety etc.) are among the lowest in Europe and correspond to about five percent of the freight transport costs. In our literature review, we did not find studies explicitly related to elasticities for freight rail user fees. The elasticities that we found have transport costs (or prices) as independent variable and the majority has tonne-km as dependent variable. The elasticities lie in the range of -0.9 to -1.7. Regardless if one calculates the demand effect in tonnes, tonne-km or train-km in principle all elasticities in the literature are higher in absolute terms than 0.4, which is the elasticity that the National Rail Administration applies today for all commodity groups and train types.

  • 35.
    Vierth, Inge
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics Stockholm.
    Mellin, Anna
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics Stockholm.
    Hylén, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics Stockholm.
    Karlsson, Jenny
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Traffic analysis and logistics.
    Karlsson, Rune
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Traffic analysis and logistics.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Trafikanalys.
    Kartläggning av godstransporterna i Sverige2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report summarizes VTI’s contribution, assigned by Transport Analysis, to a project commissioned by the Swedish government on freight transport in Sweden. The focus of this report is to generate a knowledge base and an analysis of the present situation of freight transport in Sweden. Furthermore, the project includes how statistics and knowledge in this area can be further developed

1 - 35 of 35
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