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  • 1.
    Edin, Per-Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Fredriksson, Peter
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Åslund, Olof
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Settlement Policies and the Economic Success of Immigrants2004In: Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 17, p. 133-155Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Fredriksson, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Åslund, Olof
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Ethnic Enclaves and Welfare Cultures – Quasi-experimental Evidence2005Report (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 3.
    Grönqvist, Hans
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Åslund, Olof
    IFAU.
    Är familjestorlek egentligen något att bry sig om?2007In: Ekonomisk Debatt, Vol. 8Article in journal (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Omfattande internationell forskning har funnit att barn som växer upp i stora familjer i genomsnitt klarar sig sämre i utbildningsväsendet och på arbetsmarknaden. I flera utvecklingsländer har resultaten använts som argument för politik i syfte att begränsa antalet barn. Även i en svensk kontext är det lätt att se implikationer för både familje- och utbildningspolitiken. I likhet med nyare studier från andra länder visar dock vår analys att den tidigare forskningen överskattar betydelsen av antalet syskon. Resultaten pekar på att familjestorlek inte påverkar långsiktiga utbildningsmått, sysselsättning och inkomster. Däremot förefaller fler syskon ha en viss negativ effekt på slutbetyg i grundskola och gymnasium.

  • 4.
    Åslund, Olof
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Blind, Ina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Dahlberg, Matz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    All aboard?: Commuter train access and labor market outcomes2017In: Regional Science and Urban Economics, ISSN 0166-0462, E-ISSN 1879-2308, Vol. 67, p. 90-107Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate the impact of commuter train access on individual labor market outcomes. Our study considers the introduction of a commuter train on a pre-existing railroad in Sweden, considerably decreasing commuting times by public transit and hence increasing access to the regional employment center. Using difference-in-differences matching techniques on comprehensive individual panel data spanning over a decade, our intention-to-treat estimates show that the reform essentially had no impact on the earnings and employment development among the affected individuals.

  • 5.
    Åslund, Olof
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Bohlmark, Anders
    Nordström, Oskar Skans
    Childhood and family experiences and the social integration of young migrants2015In: Labour Economics, ISSN 0927-5371, E-ISSN 1879-1034, Vol. 35, p. 135-144Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study how age at migration affects social integration in adulthood. Using Swedish register data, we estimate the effects of age at migration by comparing siblings arriving (as children) at the same time, but at different ages. Migrants who were older when they arrived are less likely to live close to, work with, and marry natives. We also study 2nd generation immigrants and show that parental time in the host country has similar (although somewhat weaker) effects for this group. The effects do not appear to be propagated through socioeconomic status. Instead, preferences or cultural identities appear as key mechanisms.

  • 6.
    Åslund, Olof
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Engdahl, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Open borders, transport links and local labor markets2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the labor market impact of opening borders to low-wage countries. The analysis exploits time and regional variation provided by the 2004 EU enlargement in combination with transport links to Sweden from the new member states. The results suggest an adverse impact on earnings of present workers in the order of 1 percent in areas close to pre-existing ferry lines. The effects are present in most segments of the labor market but tend to be greater in groups with weaker positions. The impact is also clearer in industries which have received more workers from the new member states, and for which across-the-border work is likely to be more common. There is no robust evidence on an impact on employment or wages. At least part of the effects is likely due to channels other than the ones typically considered in the literature.

  • 7.
    Åslund, Olof
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Engdahl, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    The value of earning for learning: Performance bonuses in immigrant language training2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the effects of performance bonuses in immigrant language training for adults. A Swedish policy pilot conducted in 2009–2010 gave a randomly assigned group of municipalities the right to grant substantial cash bonuses to recently arrived migrants. The results suggest substantial effects on average student achievement. But these were fully driven by metropolitan areas; in other parts of Sweden performance was unaffected. The relative effects were larger for younger students but similar for men and women, and present for migrants from different parts of the world. The bonus had a less clear impact on enrollment, but there are indications that it may have increased the probability of progressing to bonus-awarding courses in metropolitan areas.

  • 8.
    Åslund, Olof
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Engdahl, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    The value of earning for learning: Performance bonuses in immigrant language training2018In: Economics of Education Review, ISSN 0272-7757, E-ISSN 1873-7382, Vol. 62, p. 192-204Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the effects of performance bonuses in immigrant language training for adults. A Swedish policy pilot conducted in 2009-2010 gave a small randomly assigned group of municipalities the right to grant substantial cash bonuses to recently arrived migrants. A conservative interpretation of our results, building on a difference in-differences approach, suggests that the bonus did not improve student achievement on average. However, we find substantial positive effects where institutional features and participant characteristics made it ex ante more likely for the bonus to have an impact.

  • 9.
    Åslund, Olof
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Fredriksson, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Ethnic Enclaves and Welfare Cultures - Quasi-experimental Evidence2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine peer effects in welfare use among immigrants to Sweden by exploiting a governmental refugee placement policy. We distinguish between the quantity of contacts—the number of individuals of the same ethnicity—and the quality of contacts – welfare use among members of the ethnic group. OLS regressions suggest that both these factors are positively related to individual welfare use. Instrumental variables estimations yield the conclusion that only the quality of contacts matter. An increase of the fraction of the ethnic group on welfare by 10 percent raises the individual probability of welfare use by almost 7 percent.

  • 10.
    Åslund, Olof
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Grönqvist, Hans
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Hall, Caroline
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Vlachos, Jonas
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Econ, Stockholm, Sweden;Res Inst Ind Econ IFN, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Education and criminal behavior: Insights from an expansion of upper secondary school2018In: Labour Economics, ISSN 0927-5371, E-ISSN 1879-1034, Vol. 52, p. 178-192Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the impact on long and short run criminal behavior from a large scale Swedish reform of vocational upper secondary education, extending programs and adding more general theoretical content. The reform directly concerns age groups where criminal activity is high and individuals who are overrepresented among criminal offenders. Using detailed administrative data we show that the reform led to a reduction in property crime, but no significant decrease in violent crime. The effect is mainly concentrated to the third year after enrollment, which suggests that being in school reduces the opportunities and/or inclinations to commit crime.

  • 11.
    Åslund, Olof
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Hensvik, Lena
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Nordström Skans, Oskar
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Seeking Similarity: How Immigrants and Natives Manage in the Labor Market2014In: Journal Labor Economics, ISSN 0734-306X, E-ISSN 1537-5307, Vol. 32, no 3, p. 405-441Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate how the interplay between manager and worker origin affects hiring patterns, job separations, and wages. Numerous specifications utilizing a longitudinal matched employer-employee database including 70,000 establishments consistently show that managers are substantially more likely to hire workers of their own origin. Workers who share an origin with their managers earn higher wages and have lower separation rates than dissimilar workers, but this pattern is driven by differences in unobserved worker characteristics. Our findings indicate that the sorting patterns are more likely to be explained by profit-maximizing concerns than by preference-based discrimination.

  • 12.
    Åslund, Olof
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Johansson, Per
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Virtues of SIN: Can Intensified Public Efforts Help Disadvantaged Immigrants?2011In: Evaluation review, ISSN 0193-841X, E-ISSN 1552-3926, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 399-427Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The labor market integration of immigrants is a top political priority throughout the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries. Social and fiscal gains, as well as sustained future labor supply make governments search for effective policies to increase employment among the mostly disadvantaged. The author studies SIN, a Swedish pilot workplace introduction program targeting these groups, using very detailed individual data and allowing for effects through several channels. The results show increased transitions from unemployment to work experience schemes and improved future employment probabilities for those who entered these schemes. A rough calculation suggests that each job year created cost about Euro 30,000.

  • 13.
    Åslund, Olof
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Nordström Skans, Oskar
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Do anonymous job application procedures level the playing field?2012In: Industrial & labor relations review, ISSN 0019-7939, E-ISSN 2162-271X, Vol. 65, no 1, p. 82-107Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite anti-discrimination legislation and the potential for hefty fines, labor market discrimination remains an issue for ethnic minorities and women, particularly in the recruitment and screening process. The apparent failure of legal and voluntary interventions has created a call for anonymous application procedures (AAP), in which key identifying data is hidden from recruiters in the initial recruiting process. Using unusually rich Swedish data on actual applications and recruitments, the authors show that AAP increased the chances of both women and individuals of non-Western origin of advancing to the interview stage. In addition, results show that women experienced an increased probability of being offered a job under AAP. However, applicants belonging to ethnic minorities were equally disadvantaged in terms of job offers under conventional and anonymous hiring procedures, suggesting that racial and ethnic discrimination may be harder to circumvent than gender discrimination.

  • 14.
    Åslund, Olof
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Nordström Skans, Oskar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    How to Measure Segregation Conditional on the Distribution of Covariates2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This short paper proposes a non-parametric method of accounting for the distribution of background characteristics when testing for segregation in empirical studies. It is shown and exemplified—using data on workplace segregation between immigrants and natives in Sweden—how the method can be applied to correct any measure of segregation for differences between groups in the distribution of covariates by means of simulation, and how analytical results can be used when studying segregation by means of peer group exposure. x

  • 15. Åslund, Olof
    et al.
    Östh, John
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Zenou, Yves
    How important is access to jobs?: Old question – improved answer2006Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the impact of job proximity on individual employment and earnings. The analysis exploits a Swedish refugee dispersal policy to get exogenous variation in individual locations. Using very detailed data on the exact location of all residences and workplaces in Sweden, we find that having been placed in a location with poor job access in 1990–91 adversely affected employment in 1999. Doubling the number of jobs in the initial location in 1990–91 is associ-ated with 2.9 percentage points higher employment probability in 1999. The analysis suggests that residential sorting leads to underestimation of the impact of job access.

  • 16. Åslund, Olof
    et al.
    Östh, John
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Zenou, Yves
    Hur viktig är närheten till jobb för chanserna på arbetsmarknaden?2006Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Denna rapport undersöker om tillgången på jobb i närområdet påverkar indivi-ders sysselsättning och förvärvsinkomst. Analysen bygger på mycket detalje-rade geografiska uppgifter om bostäder och arbetsplatser för hela Sveriges be-folkning. Studien visar att en stor mängd jobb i förhållande till antalet boende inom en cirkel med fem kilometers radie runt individens bostad, har en tydlig positiv inverkan på chansen att vara i arbete. Resultaten pekar också på att man riskerar att underskatta denna effekt om man inte tar hänsyn till det faktum att personer kan anpassa valet av bostadsort efter jobbtillgången.

1 - 16 of 16
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