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  • 1.
    Adermon, Adrian
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Ek, Simon
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Graetz, Georg
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Yakymovych, Yaroslav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Understanding occupational wage growthManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a new identification strategy, we jointly estimate the growth in occupationalwage premia as well as time-varying occupation-specific life-cycle profiles for Swedishworkers 1996–2013. We document a substantial increase in between-occupation wageinequality due to differential growth in premia. The association of wage premiumgrowth and employment growth is positive, suggesting that premium growth ispredominantly driven by demand side factors. We also find that wage growth dueto occupation-specific skill acquisition was more dispersed in the early years of thesample period. Our results are robust to allowing for occupation-level changes inreturns to cognitive and psycho-social skills.

  • 2.
    Ek, Simon
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Structural Change, Match Quality, and Integration in the Labor Market2023Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Essay I: Are workers with poor outside opportunities less responsive and more susceptible to negative demand shifts in routine occupations? To answer this, I create and estimate an occupation specialization index (OSI) using Swedish register data and machine learning tools. It measures the expected difference in utility between a worker's occupation and his best non-routine outside option. This determines the loss he is willing to tolerate to avoid switching. Low-OSI employees disproportionately left routine work. Their future wage growth was akin to comparable workers initially in non-routine occupations. By contrast, routine specialists largely stayed put and experienced lower wage growth than generalists and non-routine specialists. 

    Essay II (with Adrian Adermon, Georg Graetz, and Yaroslav Yakymovych): Using a new identification strategy, we jointly estimate the growth in occupational wage premia and time-varying occupation-specific life-cycle profiles for Swedish workers 1996–2013. We document a substantial increase in between-occupation wage inequality due to differential growth in premia. The association of wage premium growth and employment growth is positive, suggesting that premium growth is predominantly driven by demand side factors. 

    Essay III (with Peter Fredriksson, Lena Hensvik, and Oskar Nordström Skans): We provide two pieces of evidence that workers' capacity to extract rents from match-specific productivity hinges on their outside options. Using a measure of match quality, derived from the relationship between workers' multidimensional skills and job-specific skill requirements, we show that: (i) wages within ongoing matches are more closely aligned with match quality following an improvement of local labor market conditions; (ii) wages of job-to-job movers are positively related to the match quality in the previous job, even when controlling for previous wage.

    Essay IV (with Mats Hammarstedt, and Per Skedinger): In a field experiment we study the causal effects of previous work experience and language skills when Syrian refugees in Sweden apply for low-skilled jobs. We find no evidence of sizeable effects from experience or completed language classes on the probability of receiving callback from employers. However, female applicants were more likely than males to receive a positive response. As a complement to the experiment, we interview a select number of employers.

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  • 3.
    Ek, Simon
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN).
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN); Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö.
    Skedinger, Per
    Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN); Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö.
    Enkla jobb och kunskaper i svenska: nycklar till integration?2020Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetsgivare fäster inte stor vikt vid tidigare erfarenhet och fullgjord utbildning i svenska för invandrare (sfi) när flyktingar söker enkla jobb. Det visar nationalekonomerna Simon Ek, Mats Hammarstedt och Per Skedinger i en ny SNS-rapport med titeln ”Enkla jobb och kunskaper i svenska – nycklar till integration”. De visar också att jobb med låga kvalifikationskrav är en väg in på den svenska arbetsmarknaden som är förknippad med varaktig sysselsättning för personer från Afrika och Mellanöstern.

  • 4.
    Ek, Simon
    et al.
    Swedish Publ Employment Serv, SE-10767 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus Univ, SE-35195 BC, Växjö, Sweden.;Res Inst Ind Econ IFN, SE-10215 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Skedinger, Per
    Res Inst Ind Econ IFN, SE-10215 Stockholm, Sweden.;Linnaeus Univ, Dept Econ & Stat, Växjö, Sweden..
    Low-skilled jobs, language proficiency, and job opportunities for refugees: an experimental study2024In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 126, no 2, p. 355-386Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a field experiment, we study the causal effects of previous experience and language skills when newly arrived Syrian refugees in Sweden apply for low-skilled jobs. We find no evidence of sizable effects from previous experience or completed language classes on the probability of receiving a callback from employers. However, female applicants were more likely than males to receive a positive response. As a complement to the experiment, we interview a select number of employers, which provides additional insights into how they judge candidates for low-skilled jobs.

  • 5.
    Ek, Simon
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN).
    Henrekson, Magnus
    Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN).
    Vem publicerar i topp fem och vad betyder det för europeisk nationalekonomi?2019In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 47, no 5, p. 27-39Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi studerar i vilken utsträckning nationalekonomer som publicerar i de fem högst rankade tidskrifterna (topp fem) gör detta återkommande och var de är verksamma. Andelen författare från USA och som redan publicerat i topp fem är hög, men har sjunkit de senaste decennierna. Nedgången förklaras främst av ökat samarbete mellan amerikanska och icke-amerikanska samt mellan tidigare publicerade och icke publicerade författare. Andelen artiklar enbart av icke-amerikanska förstagångsförfattare är däremot låg och har inte ökat. Med detta som bakgrund menar vi att europeiska universitet bör akta sig för att lägga alltför stor vikt vid topp fem-publiceringar. Annars riskeras mångfalden och samhällsrelevansen inom europeisk nationalekonomi.

  • 6.
    Ek, Simon
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN).
    Skedinger, Per
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN); Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics.
    Wage Policies and the Integration of Immigrants2019In: Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets / [ed] Lars Calmfors; Nora Sánchez Gassen, Copenhagen: Nordisk Ministerråd, 2019, p. 187-209Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Most Nordic countries struggle with the integration of low-skilled immigrants. Relying on research from primarily the Nordics, we discuss to what extent minimum wage reductions can improve labour market prospects for immigrants, whether unskilled and low-pay jobs serve as stepping stones to more qualified and higher-paid jobs and how wages of incumbent workers would be affected by lower minimum wages. We argue that targeted minimum wage reductions aimed at new, previously non-existing jobs and increased differentiation of minimum wages according to experience provide an appropriate balance between the conflicting goals of high employment and low wage inequality.

1 - 6 of 6
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  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
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  • Other locale
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